Dr. Lahouari Bounoua

Dr. Lahouari Bounoua

  • SUPV RSCH AST, EARTH SCI REMOTE SENS
  • 301.614.6631
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 618
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Lahouari Bounoua joined NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Biospheric Sciences Branch in 1993 as a junior member of one of the finest and largest (1991-2000) Earth Observing Science (EOS) Interdisciplinary Science (IDS) group – The Sellers-Mooney ‘Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions’ group to work on the second version of the NASA’s Simple Biosphere model (SiB2) and its coupling and implementation into a global climate model. A unique feature of that work was the a priori incorporation of satellite information into the model formulation and data stream. This seminal work, followed the First Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and led to the first paper in 1996 published in Science simulating the interactions between global terrestrial vegetation and climate under different atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The publication of the SiB2 model formulation, along with its satellite generated biophysical data, was followed by an explosion of publications in the field of Biosphere-Atmosphere exchanges and the newly developed photosynthesis model was adopted by several research groups around the world. To date (July 2016), the SiB2 publication has been cited more than 1121 times in peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Bounoua continued to work on many aspects of the interactions between vegetation and climate and published several papers on the subject between 1996 and 2002 some of which have received noted public interest.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on the global patterns in human consumption of net primary production was published in Nature in 2004 and has since been widely cited more than 262 citations. In 2010 Dr. Bounoua published an original research quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming. This modeling approach showed that when leaf growth is allowed in vegetation with down-regulation of physiology under increased atmospheric CO2 concentration, the associated increase in precipitation contributes primarily to increase evapotranspiration and resulted in an additional cooling effect not fully accounted for in previous simulations with elevated CO2. This research was published in Geophysical Research Letters and highlighted in the journal Nature among the most viewed papers in science for the week of January 31, 2011. The work was also highlighted in Nature Geoscience and Nature Climate Change and several national and international media outlets.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on urbanization consisted by first including an urban canopy sub-model into the SiB2 model and testing it in different climate settings. In 2015, Dr. Bounoua led an interdisciplinary group to map urbanization and model its aggregate impact on U.S surface climate. A summary of this research was published in Environmental Research Letters (ERL) and was received with great enthusiasm both by the scientific community and the public at large. The paper has been selected by ERL editors, for the month of August 2015, and highlighted for its particular significance, advances made in the field, multidisciplinary interest, and scientific impact. The paper was also reported about in several media outlets around the world. Dr. Bounoua was invited by the Washington DC Mayer to attend the 2015 2015 Tree Summit: Greening the District through Collaboration.

    The relevance of Dr. Bounoua’s work is reflected in the 3614 total citations of his papers averaging 151 citations per year and 93 citations per publication throughout his carrier. Dr. Bounoua’s h-index is 20.

    Positions/Employment

    6/2005 - Present

    Physical Scientist, AST, Earth Sciences Remote Sensing

    NASA , Goddard Space Flight Center Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory Greenbelt, MD, USA
    Reviews, advise and conducts complex analysis and development studies in support of major organization programs.  Work involves planning, developing and coordinating Earth Science Studies through the analysis of data obtained from instruments aboard space and airborne vehicles.  Studies include atmospheric, biologic and terrestrial processes and interactions.  Focus is on the biosphere and how land surface processes interact with climate and affect life on Earth.  
    6/1996 - 5/2005

    Assistant Professor Research Faculty

    Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), University of Maryland College Park, MD, USA , University of Maryland College Park, MD, USA The work I performed while at University of Maryland is broad in scope as I worked on several projects.

    • Atmospheric General Circulation Models.
    o Developed a Physical Parameterizations of soil moisture  
    o Worked on development of Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer Schemes-SVATS
    o Extensive work on characterization of land surface with satellite data
    o Worked on coupling SVATS to a global and regional climate model.
    o Performed a number of GCM runs simulating the effect of CO2 increase on climate 
    o Use of satellite data and the coupled climate model to design, carry on and analyze global climate
       simulations addressing interactions between vegetation physiological and morphological components
       and climate.
    o Assessed changes in climate resulting from changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, vegetation density, restoration of pre-industrial land cover and impacts of future land cover change.

    9/1993 - 6/1996

    Research Scientist

    University Space Research Association, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Biospheric Sciences Branch, Code 614.4 Greenbelt, MD, USA. o Use of remote sensing data to characterize land cover at regional and global scales
    o Performs Global circulation Models integrations to assess the impact of increased CO2 on climate
    o Assessed the sensitivity of climate to changes in vegetation density at global scale.
    1/1993 - 6/1993

    Post-Doctoral research Associate

    State of Florida, Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida  radiative transfer modeling
    soil moisture parameterization

    Education

    • PhD in Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 1992. Thesis: "Sensitivity of Climate to land Surface Processes",   T.N. Krishanmurti.
    • MS in Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 1990. Thesis: "Thermodynamic Budget of a Five-day Wave over the Sahara During Summer",  T.N. Krishnamurti.
    • World Meteorological Organization Class I Engineer in Meteorology, IHFR, Oran, Algeria 1980.  Thesis:" Relation entre Champs de Vent, Genese et Propagation des Lignes de Graines Ouest Africaines", Y. Tourre.
    • Diplome d'Etudes Superieur (DES) in Solid body Physics, Universite Es Senia, Oran, Algeria, 1978.

    Professional Societies

    • Member of the American Meteorological Society, 1995 - Present
    member
    • Member of the American Geophysical Union since 1995. , 1996 - Present
    Member
    • Member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2000 - Present
    Member

    Awards

    • Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory Year 2009 Peer Award for Outstanding Education and Outreach, 2009

    • University Space Research Association Excellence in Research, 1996

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Lahouari Bounoua joined NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Biospheric Sciences Branch in 1993 as a junior member of one of the finest and largest (1991-2000) Earth Observing Science (EOS) Interdisciplinary Science (IDS) group – The Sellers-Mooney ‘Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions’ group to work on the second version of the NASA’s Simple Biosphere model (SiB2) and its coupling and implementation into a global climate model. A unique feature of that work was the a priori incorporation of satellite information into the model formulation and data stream. This seminal work, followed the First Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and led to the first paper in 1996 published in Science simulating the interactions between global terrestrial vegetation and climate under different atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The publication of the SiB2 model formulation, along with its satellite generated biophysical data, was followed by an explosion of publications in the field of Biosphere-Atmosphere exchanges and the newly developed photosynthesis model was adopted by several research groups around the world. To date (July 2016), the SiB2 publication has been cited more than 1121 times in peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Bounoua continued to work on many aspects of the interactions between vegetation and climate and published several papers on the subject between 1996 and 2002 some of which have received noted public interest.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on the global patterns in human consumption of net primary production was published in Nature in 2004 and has since been widely cited more than 262 citations. In 2010 Dr. Bounoua published an original research quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming. This modeling approach showed that when leaf growth is allowed in vegetation with down-regulation of physiology under increased atmospheric CO2 concentration, the associated increase in precipitation contributes primarily to increase evapotranspiration and resulted in an additional cooling effect not fully accounted for in previous simulations with elevated CO2. This research was published in Geophysical Research Letters and highlighted in the journal Nature among the most viewed papers in science for the week of January 31, 2011. The work was also highlighted in Nature Geoscience and Nature Climate Change and several national and international media outlets.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on urbanization consisted by first including an urban canopy sub-model into the SiB2 model and testing it in different climate settings. In 2015, Dr. Bounoua led an interdisciplinary group to map urbanization and model its aggregate impact on U.S surface climate. A summary of this research was published in Environmental Research Letters (ERL) and was received with great enthusiasm both by the scientific community and the public at large. The paper has been selected by ERL editors, for the month of August 2015, and highlighted for its particular significance, advances made in the field, multidisciplinary interest, and scientific impact. The paper was also reported about in several media outlets around the world. Dr. Bounoua was invited by the Washington DC Mayer to attend the 2015 2015 Tree Summit: Greening the District through Collaboration.

    The relevance of Dr. Bounoua’s work is reflected in the 3614 total citations of his papers averaging 151 citations per year and 93 citations per publication throughout his carrier. Dr. Bounoua’s h-index is 20.

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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