Dr. Lahouari Bounoua

Dr. Lahouari Bounoua

  • SUPV RSCH AST, EARTH SCI REMOTE SENS
  • 301.614.6631
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 618
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Lahouari Bounoua joined NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Biospheric Sciences Branch in 1993 as a junior member of one of the finest and largest (1991-2000) Earth Observing Science (EOS) Interdisciplinary Science (IDS) group – The Sellers-Mooney ‘Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions’ group to work on the second version of the NASA’s Simple Biosphere model (SiB2) and its coupling and implementation into a global climate model.  A unique feature of that work was the a priori incorporation of satellite information into the model formulation and data stream. This seminal work led to the first paper in 1996, published in Science, simulating the interactions between terrestrial vegetation and atmospheric CO2 concentration following the First Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  The publication of the SiB2 model formulation, along with its satellite generated biophysical data, was followed by an explosion of publications in the field of atmosphere-biosphere exchanges and the newly developed photosynthesis model was adopted by several research groups around the world.  As of the date (July 2016), the SiB2 publication has been cited more than 1121 times in peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Bounoua continued to work on many aspects of the interactions between vegetation and climate and published several papers on the subject between 1996 and 2002 some of which have received noted public interest.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on the global patterns in human consumption of net primary production was published in Nature in 2004 and has since been widely cited more than 262 citations.  In 2010 Dr. Bounoua published an original paper quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming.  This modeling approach showed that when leaf growth is allowed in vegetation with down-regulation of physiology under increased atmospheric CO2 concentration, the associated increase in precipitation contributes primarily to increase evapotranspiration and resulted in an additional cooling effect not fully accounted for in previous simulations with elevated CO2. This research was published in Geophysical Research Letters and highlighted in Nature among The most viewed papers in science for the week of January 31, 2011.  The work was also highlighted in Nature Geoscience and Nature Climate Change and several national and international media outlets.

    In 2015, Dr. Bounoua led an interdisciplinary group to map urbanization and model its aggregate impact on U.S surface climate.  A summary of this research was published in Environmental Research Letters (ERL) and was received with great enthusiasm both by the scientific community and the public at large. The paper has been selected by ERL editors, for the month of August 2015, and highlighted for its particular significance, advances made in the field, multidisciplinary interest and scientific impact. The paper was also reported about in several media outlets around the world.

    The relevance of Dr. Bounoua’s work is reflected in the 3614 total citations of his papers averaging 151 citations per year and 93 citations per publication throughout his carrier.  Dr. Bounoua’s h-index is 20.

    Positions/Employment

    6/2005 - Present

    Physical Scientist, AST, Earth Sciences Remote Sensing

    NASA , Goddard Space Flight Center Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory Greenbelt, MD, USA
    Reviews, advise and conducts complex analysis and development studies in support of major organization programs.  Work involves planning, developing and coordinating Earth Science Studies through the analysis of data obtained from instruments aboard space and airborne vehicles.  Studies include atmospheric, biologic and terrestrial processes and interactions.  Focus is on the biosphere and how land surface processes interact with climate and affect life on Earth.  
    6/1996 - 5/2005

    Assistant Professor Research Faculty

    Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), University of Maryland College Park, MD, USA , University of Maryland College Park, MD, USA The work I performed while at University of Maryland is broad in scope as I worked on several projects.

    • Atmospheric General Circulation Models.
    o Developed a Physical Parameterizations of soil moisture  
    o Worked on development of Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer Schemes-SVATS
    o Extensive work on characterization of land surface with satellite data
    o Worked on coupling SVATS to a global and regional climate model.
    o Performed a number of GCM runs simulating the effect of CO2 increase on climate 
    o Use of satellite data and the coupled climate model to design, carry on and analyze global climate
       simulations addressing interactions between vegetation physiological and morphological components
       and climate.
    o Assessed changes in climate resulting from changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration, vegetation density, restoration of pre-industrial land cover and impacts of future land cover change.

    9/1993 - 6/1996

    Research Scientist

    University Space Research Association, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Biospheric Sciences Branch, Code 614.4 Greenbelt, MD, USA. o Use of remote sensing data to characterize land cover at regional and global scales
    o Performs Global circulation Models integrations to assess the impact of increased CO2 on climate
    o Assessed the sensitivity of climate to changes in vegetation density at global scale.
    1/1993 - 6/1993

    Post-Doctoral research Associate

    State of Florida, Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida  radiative transfer modeling
    soil moisture parameterization

    Education

    • PhD in Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 1992. Thesis: "Sensitivity of Climate to land Surface Processes",   T.N. Krishanmurti.
    • MS in Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 1990. Thesis: "Thermodynamic Budget of a Five-day Wave over the Sahara During Summer",  T.N. Krishnamurti.
    • World Meteorological Organization Class I Engineer in Meteorology, IHFR, Oran, Algeria 1980.  Thesis:" Relation entre Champs de Vent, Genese et Propagation des Lignes de Graines Ouest Africaines", Y. Tourre.
    • Diplome d'Etudes Superieur (DES) in Solid body Physics, Universite Es Senia, Oran, Algeria, 1978.

    Professional Societies

    • Member of the American Meteorological Society, 1995 - Present
    member
    • Member of the American Geophysical Union since 1995. , 1996 - Present
    Member
    • Member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2000 - Present
    Member

    Awards

    • Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory Year 2009 Peer Award for Outstanding Education and Outreach, 2009

    • University Space Research Association Excellence in Research, 1996

    Publications

    Refereed

    Bounoua, L., J. Nigro, P. Zhang, K. Thome, and A. Lachir. 2018. "Mapping urbanization in the United States from 2001 to 2011." Applied Geography, 90: 123-133 [10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.12.002]

    Bounoua, L., J. Nigro, K. Thome, et al. P. Zhang, N. Fathi, and A. Lachir. 2018. "A Method for Mapping Future Urbanization in the United States." Urban Science, 2 (2): 40 [10.3390/urbansci2020040]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, J. Nigro, A. Lachir, and K. Thome. 2017. "Regional Impacts of Urbanization in the United States." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 1-13 [10.1080/07038992.2017.1317208]

    Lachir, A., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, K. Thome, and M. Messouli. 2016. "Modeling the Urban Impact on Semiarid Surface Climate: A Case Study in Marrakech, Morocco." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 42 (4): 379-395 [10.1080/07038992.2016.1194746]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, K. Thome, and R. Wolfe. 2016. "Modeling impact of urbanization in us cities using simple biosphere model SiB2." 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), [10.1109/igarss.2016.7730764]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, K. J. Thome, et al. J. G. Masek, A. Safia, M. L. Imhoff, and R. E. Wolfe. 2015. "Mapping Biophysical Parameters for Land Surface Modeling over the Continental US Using MODIS and Landsat." Dataset Papers in Science, 2015 (Article ID 564279): 11 pp. [10.1155/2015/564279]

    Kramer, R. J., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, et al. R. E. Wolfe, T. G. Huntington, M. L. Imhoff, K. J. Thome, and G. I. Noyce. 2015. "Evapotranspiration trends over the Eastern United States during the 20th Century." Hydrology, 2 (2): 93-111 [10.3390/hydrology2020093]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, G. Mostovoy, et al. K. J. Thome, J. G. Masek, M. L. Imhoff, M. Shepherd, D. Quattrochi, J. A. Santanello, J. Silva, R. E. Wolfe, and A. Mounirou Toure. 2015. "Impact of urbanization on US surface climate." Environ. Res. Lett., 10 (8): 084010 [10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084010]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, K. J. Thome, R. E. Wolfe, and M. L. Imhoff. 2015. "Modeling Surface Climate in US Cities Using Simple Biosphere Model SiB2." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 41 (6): 525-535 [10.1080/07038992.2015.1110013]

    Rochdane, S., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, et al. M. L. Imhoff, M. Messouli, and M. Yacoubi-Khebiza. 2014. "Combining Satellite Data and Models to Assess Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Impact on Food Security in Morocco." Sustainability, 6 (4): 1729-1746 [10.3390/su6041729]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, M. L. Imhoff, R. E. Wolfe, and K. J. Thome. 2014. "Comparison of MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Air temperature over the Continental USA Meteorological Stations." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 40 (2): 110-122 [10.1080/07038992.2014.935934]

    Kahime, K., S. Boussaa, L. Bounoua, et al. O. Fouad, M. Messouli, and A. Boumezzough. 2014. "Leishmaniasis in Morocco: diseases and vectors." Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 4 (2): S530–S534 [10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60671-X]

    Bounoua, L., K. Kahime, L. Houti, et al. T. Blakey, K. L. Ebi, P. Zhang, M. Imhoff, K. Thome, C. Dudek, S. Sahabi, M. Messouli, B. Makhlouf, A. El, and A. Boumezzough. 2013. "Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 10 (8): 3172-3191 [10.3390/ijerph10083172]

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, L. Bounoua, and R. E. Wolfe. 2012. "Exploring the influence of impervious surface density and shape on urban heat islands in the northeast United States using MODIS and Landsat." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 38 (4): 441-451.

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, L. Bounoua, and R. E. Wolfe. 2012. "Exploring the influence of impervious surface density and shape on urban heat islands in the northeast United States using MODIS and Landsat." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 38 (4): 441-451 [10.5589/m12-036]

    Imhoff, M., P. Zhang, R. E. Wolfe, and L. Bounoua. 2010. "Remote sensing of the urban heat island effect across biomes in the continental USA." Remote Sensing of Environment, 114 (3): 504-513 [10.1016/j.rse.2009.10.008]

    Bounoua, L., F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, et al. A. Kumar, G. J. Collatz, C. J. Tucker, and M. L. Imhoff. 2010. "Quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming: A modeling approach." Geophys. Res. Lett, 37 (23): L23701 [10.1029/2010GL045338]

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, R. E. Wolfe, and L. Bounoua. 2010. "Characterizing urban heat islands of global settlements using MODIS and nighttime lights products." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 36 (3): 185-196 [10.5589/m10-039]

    Bounoua, L., A. Safia, J. Masek, C. Peters-Lidard, and M. Imhoff. 2009. "Impact of Urban Growth on Surface Climate: A Case Study in Oran, Algeria." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48 (2): 217-231 [10.1175/2008JAMC2044.1]

    Bounoua, L. 2007. "Radiative and Physiological Effects of Increased CO2, How does this interaction affect Climate in the Mediterranean Region?" Nato Sci Series: IV: Earth and Environ Sci , 79: 39-50.

    Imhoff, M., L. Bounoua, and J. M. and Shepherd. 2007. "The Gray Wave of the Great Transformation." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, Cambridge, UK: 291-297.

    Kumar, A., B. Jha, Q. Zhang, and L. Bounoua. 2007. "A New Methodology for Estimating the Unpredictable Component of Seasonal Atmospheric Variability." J Climate, 20 (15): 3888-3901 [10.1175/JCLI4216.1]

    Pongratz, J., L. Bounoua, R. DeFries, et al. D. C. Morton, L. Anderson, W. Mauser, and C. Klink. 2006. "The Impact of Land Cover Change on Surface Energy and Water Balance in Mato Grosso, Brazil." Earth Interactions, 10 (19): 1-17.

    Bounoua, L., J. Masek, and Y. Tourre. 2006. "Sensitivity of surface climate to land surface parameters: A case study suing the simple biosphere model SiB2." J Geophys Res , 111: 10 pp.

    Hall, F. G., E. C. Brown de colstoun, G. J. Collatz, et al. D. R. Landis, P. Dirmeyer, A. Betts, G. J. Huffman, L. Bounoua, and B. W. Meeson. 2006. "ISLSCP Initiative II global data sets: Surface boundary conditions and atmospheric forcings for land-atmosphere studies." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D22): D22S01 [10.1029/2006JD007366]

    Imhoff, M., and L. Bounoua. 2006. "Exploring global patterns of net primary production carbon supply and demand using satellite observations and statistical data." J Geophys Res, 111 (D22S12): 8 pp.

    Kerbachi, R., M. Boughedaoui, L. Bounoua, and M. Keddam. 2006. "Ambient air pollution by aromatic hydrocarbons in Algiers." Atmos Environ, 40 (21): 3995-4003 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.02.033]

    Imhoff, M. L., L. Bounoua, R. DeFries, et al. W. T. Lawrence, D. Stutzer, C. J. Tucker, and T. Ricketts. 2004. "The consequences of urban land transformation on net primary productivity in the United States." Remote Sensing of Environment , 89: 434-443.

    Guillevic, P., R. D. Koster, M. J. Suarez, et al. L. Bounoua, G. J. Collatz, S. O. Los, and S. P. Mahanama. 2002. "Influence of the inter annual variability of vegetation on the surface energy balance - a global sensitivity study." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 3 (6): 617-629.

    DeFries, R. S., L. Bounoua, and G. J. Collatz. 2002. "Human modification of the landscape and surface climate in the next fifty years." Global Change Biology, 8 (5): 438458.

    Bounoua, L., R. S. DeFries, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, and H. Khan. 2002. "Effects of land cover conversion on surface climate." Climate Change, 52 (1): 29-64 [10.1023/A:1013051420309]

    Bounoua, L., G. J. Collatz, S. O. Los, et al. P. J. Sellers, D. A. Dazlich, C. J. Tucker, and D. A. Randall. 2000. "Sensitivity of climate to changes in NDVI." Journal of Climate, 13 (13): 2277-2292.

    Collatz, G. J., L. Bounoua, S. O. Los, et al. D. A. Randall, I. Y. Fung, and P. J. Sellers. 2000. "A mechanism for the influence of vegetation on the response of the diurnal temperature range to changing climate." Geophys Res Lett, 27 (20): 3381-3384 [10.1029/1999GL010947]

    Los, S. O., G. J. Collatz, L. Bounoua, P. J. Sellers, and C. J. Tucker. 2000. "Global interannual variations in sea surface temperature and land surface vegetation, air temperature, and precipitation." J. Climate, 14: 1535-1549.

    Bounoua, L., G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, et al. D. A. Randall, D. A. Dazlich, S. O. Los, J. A. Berry, I. Fung, C. J. Tucker, C. B. Field, and M. R. Jensen. 2000. "Interactions between vegetation and climate: Radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2." Climate, 12: 309-324.

    Los, S. O., G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, et al. C. M. Malmstrom, N. H. Pollack, R. S. De Fries, L. Bounoua, M. T. Parris, C. J. Tucker, and D. A. Dazlich. 2000. "A Global 9-yr Biophysical Land Surface Dataset from NOAA AVHRR Data." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 1 (2): 183-199 [10.1175/1525-7541(2000)001<0183:AGYBLS>2.0.CO;2]

    DeFries, R. S., C. B. Field, I. Fung, G. J. Collatz, and L. Bounoua. 1999. "Combining satellite data and biogeochemical models to estimate global effects of human-induced land cover change on carbon emissions and primary productivity." Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13 (3): 803-815 [10.1029/1999GB900037]

    Sellers, P. J., D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, et al. J. A. Berry, C. B. Field, D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G. D. Collelo, and L. Bounoua. 1996. "A Revised Land Surface Parameterization (SiB2) for Atmospheric GCMS. Part I: Model Formulation." Journal of Climate, 9 (4): 676-705 [10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0676:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Randall, D. A., D. A. Dazlich, P. J. Sellers, et al. J. A. Berry, D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G. J. Collatz, A. S. Denning, S. O. Los, C. B. Field, I. Fung, C. O. Justice, C. J. Tucker, and L. Bounoua. 1996. "A Revised Land Surface Parameterization (SiB2) for GCMS. Part III: The Greening of the Colorado State University General Circulation Model." J. Climate, 9 (4): 738-763 [10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0738:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Sellers, P. J., L. Bounoua, G. J. Collatz, et al. D. A. Randall, S. O. Los, J. A. Berry, I. Y. Fung, C. J. Tucker, C. B. Field, and T. G. Jensen. 1996. "Comparison of Radiative and Physiological Effects of Doubled Atmospheric CO₂ on Climate." Science, 271 (5254): 1402-1406 [10.1126/science.271.5254.1402]

    Non-Refereed

    Bounoua, L., M. L. Imhoff, and S. Franks. 2010. "Irrigation Requirement Estimation using Vegetation Indices and Inverse Biophysical Modeling." 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 1823 - 1826 [10.1109/IGARSS.2010.5649325]

    Gao, F., J. G. Masek, Y. Pan, L. Wu, and L. Bounoua. 2009. "Mapping continuous urbanization from Multi-temporal Moderate Resolution Sensors - Case Study on Yangtze Delta, China." Proc MultiTemp Gorton, Connecticut, 291-298.

    Sellers, P. J., D. A. Randall, L. Bounoua, et al. G. J. Collatz, D. Dazlich, S. Los, J. Berry, L. Fung, J. Tucker, and C. Field. 1995. "Global modeling of short- to mid-term responses of the terrestrial biosphere to increasing atmospheric CO2." Proc. of symposium of Photosythesis and Remote Sensing, Montpelier, France, 8//28-31/95

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Lahouari Bounoua joined NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Biospheric Sciences Branch in 1993 as a junior member of one of the finest and largest (1991-2000) Earth Observing Science (EOS) Interdisciplinary Science (IDS) group – The Sellers-Mooney ‘Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions’ group to work on the second version of the NASA’s Simple Biosphere model (SiB2) and its coupling and implementation into a global climate model.  A unique feature of that work was the a priori incorporation of satellite information into the model formulation and data stream. This seminal work led to the first paper in 1996, published in Science, simulating the interactions between terrestrial vegetation and atmospheric CO2 concentration following the First Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  The publication of the SiB2 model formulation, along with its satellite generated biophysical data, was followed by an explosion of publications in the field of atmosphere-biosphere exchanges and the newly developed photosynthesis model was adopted by several research groups around the world.  As of the date (July 2016), the SiB2 publication has been cited more than 1121 times in peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Bounoua continued to work on many aspects of the interactions between vegetation and climate and published several papers on the subject between 1996 and 2002 some of which have received noted public interest.

    Dr. Bounoua’s work on the global patterns in human consumption of net primary production was published in Nature in 2004 and has since been widely cited more than 262 citations.  In 2010 Dr. Bounoua published an original paper quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming.  This modeling approach showed that when leaf growth is allowed in vegetation with down-regulation of physiology under increased atmospheric CO2 concentration, the associated increase in precipitation contributes primarily to increase evapotranspiration and resulted in an additional cooling effect not fully accounted for in previous simulations with elevated CO2. This research was published in Geophysical Research Letters and highlighted in Nature among The most viewed papers in science for the week of January 31, 2011.  The work was also highlighted in Nature Geoscience and Nature Climate Change and several national and international media outlets.

    In 2015, Dr. Bounoua led an interdisciplinary group to map urbanization and model its aggregate impact on U.S surface climate.  A summary of this research was published in Environmental Research Letters (ERL) and was received with great enthusiasm both by the scientific community and the public at large. The paper has been selected by ERL editors, for the month of August 2015, and highlighted for its particular significance, advances made in the field, multidisciplinary interest and scientific impact. The paper was also reported about in several media outlets around the world.

    The relevance of Dr. Bounoua’s work is reflected in the 3614 total citations of his papers averaging 151 citations per year and 93 citations per publication throughout his carrier.  Dr. Bounoua’s h-index is 20.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Bounoua, L., J. Nigro, P. Zhang, K. Thome, and A. Lachir. 2018. "Mapping urbanization in the United States from 2001 to 2011." Applied Geography 90 123-133 [10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.12.002]

    Bounoua, L., J. Nigro, K. Thome, et al. P. Zhang, N. Fathi, and A. Lachir. 2018. "A Method for Mapping Future Urbanization in the United States." Urban Science 2 (2): 40 [10.3390/urbansci2020040]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, J. Nigro, A. Lachir, and K. Thome. 2017. "Regional Impacts of Urbanization in the United States." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 1-13 [10.1080/07038992.2017.1317208]

    Lachir, A., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, K. Thome, and M. Messouli. 2016. "Modeling the Urban Impact on Semiarid Surface Climate: A Case Study in Marrakech, Morocco." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 42 (4): 379-395 [10.1080/07038992.2016.1194746]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, K. Thome, and R. Wolfe. 2016. "Modeling impact of urbanization in us cities using simple biosphere model SiB2." 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) [10.1109/igarss.2016.7730764]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, K. J. Thome, et al. J. G. Masek, A. Safia, M. L. Imhoff, and R. E. Wolfe. 2015. "Mapping Biophysical Parameters for Land Surface Modeling over the Continental US Using MODIS and Landsat." Dataset Papers in Science 2015 (Article ID 564279): 11 pp. [10.1155/2015/564279]

    Kramer, R. J., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, et al. R. E. Wolfe, T. G. Huntington, M. L. Imhoff, K. J. Thome, and G. I. Noyce. 2015. "Evapotranspiration trends over the Eastern United States during the 20th Century." Hydrology 2 (2): 93-111 [10.3390/hydrology2020093]

    Bounoua, L., P. Zhang, G. Mostovoy, et al. K. J. Thome, J. G. Masek, M. L. Imhoff, M. Shepherd, D. Quattrochi, J. A. Santanello, J. Silva, R. E. Wolfe, and A. Mounirou Toure. 2015. "Impact of urbanization on US surface climate." Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (8): 084010 [10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084010]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, K. J. Thome, R. E. Wolfe, and M. L. Imhoff. 2015. "Modeling Surface Climate in US Cities Using Simple Biosphere Model SiB2." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 41 (6): 525-535 [10.1080/07038992.2015.1110013]

    Rochdane, S., L. Bounoua, P. Zhang, et al. M. L. Imhoff, M. Messouli, and M. Yacoubi-Khebiza. 2014. "Combining Satellite Data and Models to Assess Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Impact on Food Security in Morocco." Sustainability 6 (4): 1729-1746 [10.3390/su6041729]

    Zhang, P., L. Bounoua, M. L. Imhoff, R. E. Wolfe, and K. J. Thome. 2014. "Comparison of MODIS Land Surface Temperature and Air temperature over the Continental USA Meteorological Stations." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 40 (2): 110-122 [10.1080/07038992.2014.935934]

    Kahime, K., S. Boussaa, L. Bounoua, et al. O. Fouad, M. Messouli, and A. Boumezzough. 2014. "Leishmaniasis in Morocco: diseases and vectors." Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease 4 (2): S530–S534 [10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60671-X]

    Bounoua, L., K. Kahime, L. Houti, et al. T. Blakey, K. L. Ebi, P. Zhang, M. Imhoff, K. Thome, C. Dudek, S. Sahabi, M. Messouli, B. Makhlouf, A. El, and A. Boumezzough. 2013. "Linking Climate to Incidence of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (L. major) in Pre-Saharan North Africa." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10 (8): 3172-3191 [10.3390/ijerph10083172]

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, L. Bounoua, and R. E. Wolfe. 2012. "Exploring the influence of impervious surface density and shape on urban heat islands in the northeast United States using MODIS and Landsat." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 38 (4): 441-451

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, L. Bounoua, and R. E. Wolfe. 2012. "Exploring the influence of impervious surface density and shape on urban heat islands in the northeast United States using MODIS and Landsat." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 38 (4): 441-451 [10.5589/m12-036]

    Imhoff, M., P. Zhang, R. E. Wolfe, and L. Bounoua. 2010. "Remote sensing of the urban heat island effect across biomes in the continental USA." Remote Sensing of Environment 114 (3): 504-513 [10.1016/j.rse.2009.10.008]

    Bounoua, L., F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, et al. A. Kumar, G. J. Collatz, C. J. Tucker, and M. L. Imhoff. 2010. "Quantifying the negative feedback of vegetation to greenhouse warming: A modeling approach." Geophys. Res. Lett 37 (23): L23701 [10.1029/2010GL045338]

    Zhang, P., M. L. Imhoff, R. E. Wolfe, and L. Bounoua. 2010. "Characterizing urban heat islands of global settlements using MODIS and nighttime lights products." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 36 (3): 185-196 [10.5589/m10-039]

    Bounoua, L., A. Safia, J. Masek, C. Peters-Lidard, and M. Imhoff. 2009. "Impact of Urban Growth on Surface Climate: A Case Study in Oran, Algeria." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 48 (2): 217-231 [10.1175/2008JAMC2044.1]

    Bounoua, L. 2007. "Radiative and Physiological Effects of Increased CO2, How does this interaction affect Climate in the Mediterranean Region?" Nato Sci Series: IV: Earth and Environ Sci 79 39-50

    Imhoff, M., L. Bounoua, and J. M. and Shepherd. 2007. "The Gray Wave of the Great Transformation." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space 291-297

    Kumar, A., B. Jha, Q. Zhang, and L. Bounoua. 2007. "A New Methodology for Estimating the Unpredictable Component of Seasonal Atmospheric Variability." J Climate 20 (15): 3888-3901 [10.1175/JCLI4216.1]

    Pongratz, J., L. Bounoua, R. DeFries, et al. D. C. Morton, L. Anderson, W. Mauser, and C. Klink. 2006. "The Impact of Land Cover Change on Surface Energy and Water Balance in Mato Grosso, Brazil." Earth Interactions 10 (19): 1-17

    Bounoua, L., J. Masek, and Y. Tourre. 2006. "Sensitivity of surface climate to land surface parameters: A case study suing the simple biosphere model SiB2." J Geophys Res 111 10 pp

    Hall, F. G., E. C. Brown de colstoun, G. J. Collatz, et al. D. R. Landis, P. Dirmeyer, A. Betts, G. J. Huffman, L. Bounoua, and B. W. Meeson. 2006. "ISLSCP Initiative II global data sets: Surface boundary conditions and atmospheric forcings for land-atmosphere studies." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D22): D22S01 [10.1029/2006JD007366]

    Imhoff, M., and L. Bounoua. 2006. "Exploring global patterns of net primary production carbon supply and demand using satellite observations and statistical data." J Geophys Res 111 (D22S12): 8 pp

    Kerbachi, R., M. Boughedaoui, L. Bounoua, and M. Keddam. 2006. "Ambient air pollution by aromatic hydrocarbons in Algiers." Atmos Environ 40 (21): 3995-4003 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.02.033]

    Imhoff, M. L., L. Bounoua, R. DeFries, et al. W. T. Lawrence, D. Stutzer, C. J. Tucker, and T. Ricketts. 2004. "The consequences of urban land transformation on net primary productivity in the United States." Remote Sensing of Environment 89 434-443

    Guillevic, P., R. D. Koster, M. J. Suarez, et al. L. Bounoua, G. J. Collatz, S. O. Los, and S. P. Mahanama. 2002. "Influence of the inter annual variability of vegetation on the surface energy balance - a global sensitivity study." Journal of Hydrometeorology 3 (6): 617-629

    DeFries, R. S., L. Bounoua, and G. J. Collatz. 2002. "Human modification of the landscape and surface climate in the next fifty years." Global Change Biology 8 (5): 438458

    Bounoua, L., R. S. DeFries, G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, and H. Khan. 2002. "Effects of land cover conversion on surface climate." Climate Change 52 (1): 29-64 [10.1023/A:1013051420309]

    Bounoua, L., G. J. Collatz, S. O. Los, et al. P. J. Sellers, D. A. Dazlich, C. J. Tucker, and D. A. Randall. 2000. "Sensitivity of climate to changes in NDVI." Journal of Climate 13 (13): 2277-2292

    Collatz, G. J., L. Bounoua, S. O. Los, et al. D. A. Randall, I. Y. Fung, and P. J. Sellers. 2000. "A mechanism for the influence of vegetation on the response of the diurnal temperature range to changing climate." Geophys Res Lett 27 (20): 3381-3384 [10.1029/1999GL010947]

    Los, S. O., G. J. Collatz, L. Bounoua, P. J. Sellers, and C. J. Tucker. 2000. "Global interannual variations in sea surface temperature and land surface vegetation, air temperature, and precipitation." J. Climate 14 1535-1549

    Bounoua, L., G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, et al. D. A. Randall, D. A. Dazlich, S. O. Los, J. A. Berry, I. Fung, C. J. Tucker, C. B. Field, and M. R. Jensen. 2000. "Interactions between vegetation and climate: Radiative and physiological effects of doubled atmospheric CO2." Climate 12 309-324

    Los, S. O., G. J. Collatz, P. J. Sellers, et al. C. M. Malmstrom, N. H. Pollack, R. S. De Fries, L. Bounoua, M. T. Parris, C. J. Tucker, and D. A. Dazlich. 2000. "A Global 9-yr Biophysical Land Surface Dataset from NOAA AVHRR Data." Journal of Hydrometeorology 1 (2): 183-199 [10.1175/1525-7541(2000)001<0183:AGYBLS>2.0.CO;2]

    DeFries, R. S., C. B. Field, I. Fung, G. J. Collatz, and L. Bounoua. 1999. "Combining satellite data and biogeochemical models to estimate global effects of human-induced land cover change on carbon emissions and primary productivity." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13 (3): 803-815 [10.1029/1999GB900037]

    Sellers, P. J., D. A. Randall, G. J. Collatz, et al. J. A. Berry, C. B. Field, D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G. D. Collelo, and L. Bounoua. 1996. "A Revised Land Surface Parameterization (SiB2) for Atmospheric GCMS. Part I: Model Formulation." Journal of Climate 9 (4): 676-705 [10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0676:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Randall, D. A., D. A. Dazlich, P. J. Sellers, et al. J. A. Berry, D. A. Dazlich, C. Zhang, G. J. Collatz, A. S. Denning, S. O. Los, C. B. Field, I. Fung, C. O. Justice, C. J. Tucker, and L. Bounoua. 1996. "A Revised Land Surface Parameterization (SiB2) for GCMS. Part III: The Greening of the Colorado State University General Circulation Model." J. Climate 9 (4): 738-763 [10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0738:ARLSPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Sellers, P. J., L. Bounoua, G. J. Collatz, et al. D. A. Randall, S. O. Los, J. A. Berry, I. Y. Fung, C. J. Tucker, C. B. Field, and T. G. Jensen. 1996. "Comparison of Radiative and Physiological Effects of Doubled Atmospheric CO₂ on Climate." Science 271 (5254): 1402-1406 [10.1126/science.271.5254.1402]

    Non-Refereed

    Bounoua, L., M. L. Imhoff, and S. Franks. 2010. "Irrigation Requirement Estimation using Vegetation Indices and Inverse Biophysical Modeling." 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) 1823 - 1826 [10.1109/IGARSS.2010.5649325]

    Gao, F., J. G. Masek, Y. Pan, L. Wu, and L. Bounoua. 2009. "Mapping continuous urbanization from Multi-temporal Moderate Resolution Sensors - Case Study on Yangtze Delta, China." Proc MultiTemp 291-298

    Sellers, P. J., D. A. Randall, L. Bounoua, et al. G. J. Collatz, D. Dazlich, S. Los, J. Berry, L. Fung, J. Tucker, and C. Field. 1995. "Global modeling of short- to mid-term responses of the terrestrial biosphere to increasing atmospheric CO2." Proc. of symposium of Photosythesis and Remote Sensing, Montpelier, France, 8//28-31/95

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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