Virginie Jeannine Buchard

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Virginie Jeannine Buchard

  • RESEARCH ASSOCIATE
  • 301.614.6266
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.1
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIVERSITIES SPACE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
  • Brief Bio

    Virginie Buchard is a Research Scientist based at the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) since 2010. She obtained a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences in 2009 from the University of Lille 1 in France. Her research interests are primarily in aerosol modeling and data assimilation as well as in radiative transfer simulations.

    Education

    Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences at the Laboratoire d'Optique Atmospherique, University of Lille1, France, 2009.

    Master Degree in Physics (Optics, Molecular and Atmospheric Physics), University of Lille1, 2005.

    Teaching Experience

    2005-2009: Physics teacher for bachelor’s students in Physics at the University of Lille1.

    Awards

    NASA GMAO Award for Scientific Achievement, 2016.

    NASA Group Achievement Award, MERRA-2 Science Team, 2019

    Publications

    Refereed

    Castellanos, P., A. da Silva, A. Darmenov, et al. V. Buchard, R. Govindaraju, P. Ciren, and S. Kondragunta. 2018. "A Geostationary Instrument Simulator for Aerosol Observing System Simulation Experiments." Atmosphere, 10 (1): 2 [10.3390/atmos10010002]

    Whiteman, D. N., D. Pérez-Ramírez, I. Veselovskii, P. Colarco, and V. Buchard. 2018. "Retrievals of aerosol microphysics from simulations of spaceborne multiwavelength lidar measurements." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 205: 27-39 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.09.009]

    Colarco, P. R., S. Gassó, C. Ahn, et al. V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, and O. Torres. 2017. "Simulation of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument aerosol index using the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System aerosol reanalysis products." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10 (11): 4121-4134 [10.5194/amt-10-4121-2017]

    Randles, C. A., A. M. da Silva, V. Buchard, et al. P. R. Colarco, A. Darmenov, R. Govindaraju, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, Y. Shinozuka, and C. J. Flynn. 2017. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980 – onward, Part I: System Description and Data Assimilation Evaluation." Journal of Climate, 30 (17): 6823-6850 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0609.1]

    Buchard, V., C. A. Randles, A. M. da Silva, et al. A. Darmenov, P. R. Colarco, R. Govindaraju, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, A. J. Beyersdorf, L. D. Ziemba, and H. Yu. 2017. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980 -- onward, Part II: Evaluation and Case Studies." Journal of Climate, JCLI-D-16-0613.1 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0613.1]

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate, 30: 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Provençal, S., V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, R. Leduc, and N. Barrette. 2017. "Evaluation of PM surface concentrations simulated by Version 1 of NASA's MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over Europe." Atmospheric Pollution Research, 8 (2): 374-382 [10.1016/j.apr.2016.10.009]

    Provençal, S., V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, et al. R. Leduc, N. Barrette, E. Elhacham, and S.-H. Wang. 2017. "Evaluation of PM2. 5 Surface Concentrations Simulated by Version 1 of NASA’s MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over Israel and Taiwan." Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 17 (1): 253--261 [10.4209/aaqr.2016.04.0145]

    Hammer, M. S., R. V. Martin, A. van Donkelaar, et al. V. Buchard, O. Torres, D. A. Ridley, and R. J. Spurr. 2016. "Interpreting the ultraviolet aerosol index observed with the OMI satellite instrument to understand absorption by organic aerosols: implications for atmospheric oxidation and direct radiative effects." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (4): 2507-2523 [10.5194/acp-16-2507-2016]

    Buchard, V., A. da Silva, C. Randles, et al. P. Colarco, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, J. Tackett, and D. Winker. 2016. "Evaluation of the surface PM2.5 in Version 1 of the NASA MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over the United States." Atmospheric Environment, 125 (Part A): 100-111 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.11.004]

    Randles, C. A., A. M. Da Silva, V. J. Buchard, et al. A. S. Darmenov, P. R. Colarco, V. Aquila, H. Bian, E. P. Nowottnick, X. Pan, H. Yu, and R. C. Govindaraju. 2016. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Assimilation." Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, 45:

    Buchard, V. J., A. M. Da Silva, P. R. Colarco, et al. A. S. Darmenov, C. A. Randles, R. C. Govindaraju, O. Torres, J. Campbell, and R. Spurr. 2015. "Using the OMI aerosol index and absorption aerosol optical depth to evaluate the NASA MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis ." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15: 5743-5760 [10.5194/acp-15-5743-2015]

    Buchard, V. J., A. M. Da Silva, P. R. Colarco, et al. N. A. Krotkov, R. R. Dickerson, J. W. Stehr, G. Mount, E. Spinei, H. L. Arkinson, and H. He. 2014. "Evaluation of GEOS-5 sulfur dioxide simulations during the Frostburg, MD 2010 field campaign." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14 (4): 1929-1941 [10.5194/acp-14-1929-2014]

    Buchard, V., C. Brogniez, F. Auriol, and B. Bonnel. 2011. "Aerosol single scattering albedo retrieved from ground-based measurements in the UV and visible region." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4 (1): 1--7 [doi:10.5194/amt-4-1-2011, 2011]

    Ialongo, I., V. Buchard, C. Brogniez, G. Casale, and A. Siani. 2010. "Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo retrieval in the UV range: an application to OMI satellite validation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (2): 331--340 [doi:10.5194/acp-10-331-2010, 2010]

    Arola, A., S. Kazadzis, A. Lindfors, et al. N. A. Krotkov, J. Kujanp"a"a, J. Tamminen, A. Bais, A. Sarra, J. Villaplana, C. Brogniez, A. Siam, M. Janouch, P. Weihs, A. Webb, T. Koskela, N. Kouremen, D. Meloni, V. Buchard, F. Auriol, I. Ialongo, M. Staneck, S. Simic, A. Smedley, and S. Kinne. 2009. "A new approach to correct for absorbing aerosols in OMI UV." Geophys Res Lett, 36 (22): L22805 [10.1029/2009GL041137]

    Buchard, V., C. Brogniez, F. Auriol, et al. B. Bonnel, J. Lenoble, A. Tanskanen, B. Bojkov, and P. Veefkind. 2008. "Comparison of OMI ozone and UV irradiance data with ground-based measurements at two French sites." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8 (16): 4517--4528 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-4517-2008, 2008]

    Lenoble, J., C. Brogniez, A. Casini`ere, et al. T. Cabot, V. Buchard, and F. Guirado. 2008. "Measurements of UV aerosol optical depth in the French Southern Alps." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8 (22): 6597--6602 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-6597-2008, 2008]

    Brogniez, C., V. Buchard, and F. Auriol. 2008. "Validation of UV-visible aerosol optical thickness retrieved from spectroradiometer measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8 (16): 4655--4663 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-4655-2008, 2008]

    Bi'emont, E., V. Buchard, H.-P. Garnir, P.-H. Lef`ebvre, and P. Quinet. 2005. "Radiative lifetime and oscillator strength determinations in Xe VI." The European Physical Journal D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics, 33 (2): 181--191 [10.1140/epjd/e2005-00059-y]

    Non-Refereed

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

    Brief Bio

    Virginie Buchard is a Research Scientist based at the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) since 2010. She obtained a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences in 2009 from the University of Lille 1 in France. Her research interests are primarily in aerosol modeling and data assimilation as well as in radiative transfer simulations.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Castellanos, P., A. da Silva, A. Darmenov, et al. V. Buchard, R. Govindaraju, P. Ciren, and S. Kondragunta. 2018. "A Geostationary Instrument Simulator for Aerosol Observing System Simulation Experiments." Atmosphere 10 (1): 2 [10.3390/atmos10010002]

    Whiteman, D. N., D. Pérez-Ramírez, I. Veselovskii, P. Colarco, and V. Buchard. 2018. "Retrievals of aerosol microphysics from simulations of spaceborne multiwavelength lidar measurements." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 205 27-39 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.09.009]

    Colarco, P. R., S. Gassó, C. Ahn, et al. V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, and O. Torres. 2017. "Simulation of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument aerosol index using the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System aerosol reanalysis products." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10 (11): 4121-4134 [10.5194/amt-10-4121-2017]

    Randles, C. A., A. M. da Silva, V. Buchard, et al. P. R. Colarco, A. Darmenov, R. Govindaraju, A. Smirnov, B. Holben, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, Y. Shinozuka, and C. J. Flynn. 2017. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980 – onward, Part I: System Description and Data Assimilation Evaluation." Journal of Climate 30 (17): 6823-6850 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0609.1]

    Buchard, V., C. A. Randles, A. M. da Silva, et al. A. Darmenov, P. R. Colarco, R. Govindaraju, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, A. J. Beyersdorf, L. D. Ziemba, and H. Yu. 2017. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Reanalysis, 1980 -- onward, Part II: Evaluation and Case Studies." Journal of Climate JCLI-D-16-0613.1 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0613.1]

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate 30 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Provençal, S., V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, R. Leduc, and N. Barrette. 2017. "Evaluation of PM surface concentrations simulated by Version 1 of NASA's MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over Europe." Atmospheric Pollution Research 8 (2): 374-382 [10.1016/j.apr.2016.10.009]

    Provençal, S., V. Buchard, A. M. da Silva, et al. R. Leduc, N. Barrette, E. Elhacham, and S.-H. Wang. 2017. "Evaluation of PM2. 5 Surface Concentrations Simulated by Version 1 of NASA’s MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over Israel and Taiwan." Aerosol and Air Quality Research 17 (1): 253--261 [10.4209/aaqr.2016.04.0145]

    Hammer, M. S., R. V. Martin, A. van Donkelaar, et al. V. Buchard, O. Torres, D. A. Ridley, and R. J. Spurr. 2016. "Interpreting the ultraviolet aerosol index observed with the OMI satellite instrument to understand absorption by organic aerosols: implications for atmospheric oxidation and direct radiative effects." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (4): 2507-2523 [10.5194/acp-16-2507-2016]

    Buchard, V., A. da Silva, C. Randles, et al. P. Colarco, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, J. Tackett, and D. Winker. 2016. "Evaluation of the surface PM2.5 in Version 1 of the NASA MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis over the United States." Atmospheric Environment 125 (Part A): 100-111 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.11.004]

    Randles, C. A., A. M. Da Silva, V. J. Buchard, et al. A. S. Darmenov, P. R. Colarco, V. Aquila, H. Bian, E. P. Nowottnick, X. Pan, H. Yu, and R. C. Govindaraju. 2016. "The MERRA-2 Aerosol Assimilation." Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 45

    Buchard, V. J., A. M. Da Silva, P. R. Colarco, et al. A. S. Darmenov, C. A. Randles, R. C. Govindaraju, O. Torres, J. Campbell, and R. Spurr. 2015. "Using the OMI aerosol index and absorption aerosol optical depth to evaluate the NASA MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis ." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 5743-5760 [10.5194/acp-15-5743-2015]

    Buchard, V. J., A. M. Da Silva, P. R. Colarco, et al. N. A. Krotkov, R. R. Dickerson, J. W. Stehr, G. Mount, E. Spinei, H. L. Arkinson, and H. He. 2014. "Evaluation of GEOS-5 sulfur dioxide simulations during the Frostburg, MD 2010 field campaign." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14 (4): 1929-1941 [10.5194/acp-14-1929-2014]

    Buchard, V., C. Brogniez, F. Auriol, and B. Bonnel. 2011. "Aerosol single scattering albedo retrieved from ground-based measurements in the UV and visible region." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 4 (1): 1--7 [doi:10.5194/amt-4-1-2011, 2011]

    Ialongo, I., V. Buchard, C. Brogniez, G. Casale, and A. Siani. 2010. "Aerosol Single Scattering Albedo retrieval in the UV range: an application to OMI satellite validation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10 (2): 331--340 [doi:10.5194/acp-10-331-2010, 2010]

    Arola, A., S. Kazadzis, A. Lindfors, et al. N. A. Krotkov, J. Kujanp"a"a, J. Tamminen, A. Bais, A. Sarra, J. Villaplana, C. Brogniez, A. Siam, M. Janouch, P. Weihs, A. Webb, T. Koskela, N. Kouremen, D. Meloni, V. Buchard, F. Auriol, I. Ialongo, M. Staneck, S. Simic, A. Smedley, and S. Kinne. 2009. "A new approach to correct for absorbing aerosols in OMI UV." Geophys Res Lett 36 (22): L22805 [10.1029/2009GL041137]

    Buchard, V., C. Brogniez, F. Auriol, et al. B. Bonnel, J. Lenoble, A. Tanskanen, B. Bojkov, and P. Veefkind. 2008. "Comparison of OMI ozone and UV irradiance data with ground-based measurements at two French sites." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8 (16): 4517--4528 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-4517-2008, 2008]

    Lenoble, J., C. Brogniez, A. Casini`ere, et al. T. Cabot, V. Buchard, and F. Guirado. 2008. "Measurements of UV aerosol optical depth in the French Southern Alps." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8 (22): 6597--6602 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-6597-2008, 2008]

    Brogniez, C., V. Buchard, and F. Auriol. 2008. "Validation of UV-visible aerosol optical thickness retrieved from spectroradiometer measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8 (16): 4655--4663 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-4655-2008, 2008]

    Bi'emont, E., V. Buchard, H.-P. Garnir, P.-H. Lef`ebvre, and P. Quinet. 2005. "Radiative lifetime and oscillator strength determinations in Xe VI." The European Physical Journal D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics 33 (2): 181--191 [10.1140/epjd/e2005-00059-y]

    Non-Refereed

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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