Spiro Kosta Antiochos

Spiro Kosta Antiochos

  • SENIOR SCIENTIST, SPACE WEATHER
  • 301.286.8849 | 301.286.1648
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 670
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Since 02/2013 Dr. Antiochos has held a Senior Scientific (ST) position at NASA/GSFC, serving as Senior Scientist, Space Weather and Chief Scientist for the Heliophysics Division. Dr. Antiochos is also serving as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering at the University of Michigan. Prior to his appointment at GSFC, Dr. Antiochos served as Supervisory Astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory, and Head of the Solar-Terrestrial Theory Section.

    Dr. Antiochos is an internationally recognized authority on space and plasma physics. His research is distinguished by the development of innovative models to explain major observational problems, and combines both basic theory and state-of-the-art numerical simulation. Dr. Antiochos has made many fundamental advances to our understanding of the Sun and Heliosphere. Some of his best-known contributions include the following:

    ·     his work on coronal loop dynamics, chromospheric evaporation and the cool loop model for the transition region.  

    ·     the thermal nonequilibrium theory for the formation of coronal condensations, which is widely believed to be the definitive explanation for how cool filaments/prominence mass forms in the hot corona

    ·     the 3D sheared arcade model for the topology of prominence magnetic fields

    ·     the breakout model for the initiation of coronal mass ejections/solar flares

    ·     the resistive-kink and breakout models for coronal jets

    ·     the S-Web theory for the sources of the slow solar wind

    ·     the theory of “helicity condensation”, which explains three long-standing observational puzzles of the corona-heliosphere system: (1) the smoothness of coronal loops, (b) the magnetic shear in prominences/filaments, and (c) the variability of the slow solar wind.


    Dr. Antiochos has approximately 200 publications in the archival literature with over 11,000 citations and an h-index of 58 according to Google Scholar.


    Education

    B.Sc. McGill University (1970), Honors Physics
    Ph.D. Stanford University (1976), Applied Physics

    Professional Service

    Dr. Antiochos is a member of the American Geophysical Union, the American Astronomical Society, the American Physical Society, and the International Astronomical Union. He was associate editor of JGR-Space Physics. He has served on many committees of professional societies and on advisory/review committees to NASA and the NSF, including Chair of the Solar Physics Division (SPD) of the American Astronomical Society (the professional society of US solar physicists), Chair of the NASA Solar Management and Operations Working Group (the community committee advising the NASA Solar/Heliospheric Branch), Chair of the SOLAR-B Science Working Group (the committee that defined and successfully advocated the mission), Chair of the NSF committee that reviewed the High Altitude Observatory, Chair of the AURA committee that reviewed the director of the National Solar Observatory, and Chair (two terms) of the Targeted Research and Technology (TR&T) Steering Committee Dr. Antiochos has served on the Space Studies Board of the National Research Council, on the Joint Science Definition Team for the NASA/ESA Orbiter/Sentinels mission, and on the Board of Advisors for the New Jersey Institute of Technology Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research.

    Awards

    ·     Awarded in 2015 the R H Goddard Award of Merit, the highest individual award bestowed by NASA Goddard Space Flight center

    ·     Awarded in 2013 the John Adam Fleming Medal, the highest honor given by the American Geophysical Union for space physics.

    ·     Awarded in 2005 the George Ellery Hale Prize, the highest honor given by the American Astronomical Society for solar physics.

    ·     Awarded in 2012 the John C. Lindsay Memorial award, the highest science honor bestowed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

    ·     Awarded in 2001 the E. O. Hulburt award, the highest honor given by the Naval Research Laboratory for basic research.

    ·     Elected in 2005 Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.

    ·     Elected in 2007 Honorary Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society.

    ·     Elected in 2008 Fellow of the American Physical Society.

    ·     Elected in 2019 Fellow of the American Astronomical Society

    ·     Awarded in 2012 the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal.

    ·     Awarded in 2010 the NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal.

     


    Publications

    Refereed

    Titov, V. S., Z. Miki_, J. A. Linker, R. Lionello, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "Magnetic Topology of Coronal Hole Linkages." The Astrophysical Journal, 731: 111 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/111]

    Linker, J. A., R. Lionello, Z. Miki_, V. S. Titov, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "The Evolution of Open Magnetic Flux Driven by Photospheric Dynamics." The Astrophysical Journal, 731: 110 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/110]

    Gruesbeck, J. R., S. T. Lepri, T. H. Zurbuchen, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "Constraints on Coronal Mass Ejection Evolution from in Situ Observations of Ionic Charge States." The Astrophysical Journal, 730: 103 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/730/2/103]

    Antiochos, S. K., Z. Miki_, V. S. Titov, R. Lionello, and J. A. Linker. 2011. "A Model for the Sources of the Slow Solar Wind." The Astrophysical Journal, 731: 112 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/112]

    Leake, J. E., M. Linton, and S. Antiochos. 2010. "Tests of Dynamical Flux Emergence as a Mechanism for CME Initiation." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 41: #314.02-.

    Mikic, Z., V. S. Titov, J. A. Linker, et al. R. Lionello, P. Riley, and S. Antiochos. 2010. "Interpreting Small-Scale Structure from High Resolution Global MHD Simulations." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 41: #405.03-.

    Rachmeler, L. A., E. Pariat, C. E. DeForest, S. Antiochos, and T. Torok. 2010. "Symmetric Coronal Jets: A Reconnection-controlled Study." The Astrophysical Journal, 715: 1556-1565 [10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1556]

    Kramar, M., J. Davila, H. Xie, and S. Antiochos. 2009. "On The 3D Structure of the Pre- and After CME Coronal Streamer Belt." AAS/Solar Physics Division Meeting #40, 40: #22.11-.

    Vourlidas, A., S. Patsourakos, E. Pariat, and S. Antiochos. 2008. "Understanding the Initiation of Polar Coronal Jets with STEREO/SECCHI Stereoscopic Observations." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts, A2-:

    Antiochos, S. 2008. "Topological Origins of the Slow Solar Wind." AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, 7-:

    Pariat, E., S. Antiochos, C. R. DeVore, and S. Patsourakos. 2008. "3D Numerical Simulation of a New Model for Coronal Jets." European Solar Physics Meeting, 12: 3-.

    MacNeice, P., J. Gao, and S. K. Antiochos. 2006. "A numerical simulation of an asymmetric breakout model for CMEs." AGU,

    Karpen, J., S. Antiochos, and J. Klimchuk. 2005. "The Origin of High-Speed Motions and Threads in Solar Prominences."

    Patsourakos, S., S. Antiochos, and J. Klimchuk. 2004. "Bright EUV Knots in Solar Flare Loops: Constraints on Coronal Heating."

    Antiochos, S. 2004. "Reconnection in solar flares and coronal mass ejections." 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 35: 2381-.

    Gao, J., P. MacNeice, and S. Antiochos. 2004. "Simulating The Breakout Model In An Asymmetric Configuration." AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, A1151-:

    Antiochos, S. 2002. "CME/Flare energy release." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 34:

    Dahlburg, R., J. Klimchuk, and S. Antiochos. 2002. "Coronal energy release via explosive magnetic reconnection." 34th,

    Antiochos, S. 2001. "The Magnetic Origins of Coronal Mass Ejections." 5th Hellenic Astronomical Conference,

    MacNeice, P., D. S. Spicer, and S. Antiochos. 1999. "A Model for Prominence Mass and Dynamics." 8th SOHO Workshop: Plasma Dynamics and Diagnostics in the Solar Transition Region and Corona, 446: 457-.

    Schmieder, B., Z. Mouradian, L. Golub, and S. Antiochos. 1994. "Coronal Structures Observed in X-rays (NIXT) and H_alpha Surges." Proceedings of Kofu Symposium, 317-320:

    Schmieder, B., Z. Mouradian, L. Golub, and S. Antiochos. 1994. "Coronal Structures Observed in X-Rays (NIXT) and Hα Surges." Seventh European Meeting on Solar Physics, 159-:

    Ayres, T., G. Basri, T. Simon, et al. J. Stauffer, R. Stern, S. K. Antiochos, J. Bookbinder, A. Brown, G. Doschek, J. Linsky, L. Ramsey, and F. Walter. 1994. "Sleuthing the Dynamo: HST/FOS Observations of UV Emissions of Solar-Type Stars in Young Clusters." Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, 64: 53-55 [Full Text (Link)]

    Sturrock, P. A., G. Roumeliotis, and S. Antiochos. 1993. "Asymptotic Forms for the Energy of Force Free Magnetic-Field Configurations." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 25: 1218-.

    Zolcinski, M. C., L. Kay, S. Antiochos, R. Stern, and A. B. Walker. 1982. "An IUE survey of the Hyades star cluster." NASA Conference Publication, 2338: 239-242.

    Stern, R., J. H. Underwood, M. C. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1980. "The Einstein Central Hyades Survey - a Progress Report." SAO Special Report, 389: 127-.

    Stern, R., J. Underwood, M. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1980. "Stellar Coronae in the Hyades." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 12: 801-.

    Stern, R., J. H. Underwood, M. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1979. "The EINSTEIN Central Hyades Survey: A Progress Report." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 11: [781-]

    Sturrock, P. A., S. Antiochos, P. Switzer, and J. Vallee. 1972. "Periodicity in the Radiofrequency Spectrum of the Pulsar CP 0328." The Astrophysical Journal, 171: [L27-10.1086/180860]

    Brief Bio

    Since 02/2013 Dr. Antiochos has held a Senior Scientific (ST) position at NASA/GSFC, serving as Senior Scientist, Space Weather and Chief Scientist for the Heliophysics Division. Dr. Antiochos is also serving as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering at the University of Michigan. Prior to his appointment at GSFC, Dr. Antiochos served as Supervisory Astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory, and Head of the Solar-Terrestrial Theory Section.

    Dr. Antiochos is an internationally recognized authority on space and plasma physics. His research is distinguished by the development of innovative models to explain major observational problems, and combines both basic theory and state-of-the-art numerical simulation. Dr. Antiochos has made many fundamental advances to our understanding of the Sun and Heliosphere. Some of his best-known contributions include the following:

    ·     his work on coronal loop dynamics, chromospheric evaporation and the cool loop model for the transition region.  

    ·     the thermal nonequilibrium theory for the formation of coronal condensations, which is widely believed to be the definitive explanation for how cool filaments/prominence mass forms in the hot corona

    ·     the 3D sheared arcade model for the topology of prominence magnetic fields

    ·     the breakout model for the initiation of coronal mass ejections/solar flares

    ·     the resistive-kink and breakout models for coronal jets

    ·     the S-Web theory for the sources of the slow solar wind

    ·     the theory of “helicity condensation”, which explains three long-standing observational puzzles of the corona-heliosphere system: (1) the smoothness of coronal loops, (b) the magnetic shear in prominences/filaments, and (c) the variability of the slow solar wind.


    Dr. Antiochos has approximately 200 publications in the archival literature with over 11,000 citations and an h-index of 58 according to Google Scholar.


    Publications

    Refereed

    Titov, V. S., Z. Miki_, J. A. Linker, R. Lionello, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "Magnetic Topology of Coronal Hole Linkages." The Astrophysical Journal 731 111 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/111]

    Linker, J. A., R. Lionello, Z. Miki_, V. S. Titov, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "The Evolution of Open Magnetic Flux Driven by Photospheric Dynamics." The Astrophysical Journal 731 110 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/110]

    Gruesbeck, J. R., S. T. Lepri, T. H. Zurbuchen, and S. K. Antiochos. 2011. "Constraints on Coronal Mass Ejection Evolution from in Situ Observations of Ionic Charge States." The Astrophysical Journal 730 103 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/730/2/103]

    Antiochos, S. K., Z. Miki_, V. S. Titov, R. Lionello, and J. A. Linker. 2011. "A Model for the Sources of the Slow Solar Wind." The Astrophysical Journal 731 112 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/112]

    Leake, J. E., M. Linton, and S. Antiochos. 2010. "Tests of Dynamical Flux Emergence as a Mechanism for CME Initiation." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 41 #314.02-

    Mikic, Z., V. S. Titov, J. A. Linker, et al. R. Lionello, P. Riley, and S. Antiochos. 2010. "Interpreting Small-Scale Structure from High Resolution Global MHD Simulations." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 41 #405.03-

    Rachmeler, L. A., E. Pariat, C. E. DeForest, S. Antiochos, and T. Torok. 2010. "Symmetric Coronal Jets: A Reconnection-controlled Study." The Astrophysical Journal 715 1556-1565 [10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1556]

    Kramar, M., J. Davila, H. Xie, and S. Antiochos. 2009. "On The 3D Structure of the Pre- and After CME Coronal Streamer Belt." AAS/Solar Physics Division Meeting #40 40 #22.11-

    Vourlidas, A., S. Patsourakos, E. Pariat, and S. Antiochos. 2008. "Understanding the Initiation of Polar Coronal Jets with STEREO/SECCHI Stereoscopic Observations." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts A2-

    Antiochos, S. 2008. "Topological Origins of the Slow Solar Wind." AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts 7-

    Pariat, E., S. Antiochos, C. R. DeVore, and S. Patsourakos. 2008. "3D Numerical Simulation of a New Model for Coronal Jets." European Solar Physics Meeting 12 3-

    MacNeice, P., J. Gao, and S. K. Antiochos. 2006. "A numerical simulation of an asymmetric breakout model for CMEs." AGU

    Karpen, J., S. Antiochos, and J. Klimchuk. 2005. "The Origin of High-Speed Motions and Threads in Solar Prominences."

    Patsourakos, S., S. Antiochos, and J. Klimchuk. 2004. "Bright EUV Knots in Solar Flare Loops: Constraints on Coronal Heating."

    Antiochos, S. 2004. "Reconnection in solar flares and coronal mass ejections." 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 35 2381-

    Gao, J., P. MacNeice, and S. Antiochos. 2004. "Simulating The Breakout Model In An Asymmetric Configuration." AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts A1151-

    Antiochos, S. 2002. "CME/Flare energy release." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 34

    Dahlburg, R., J. Klimchuk, and S. Antiochos. 2002. "Coronal energy release via explosive magnetic reconnection." 34th

    Antiochos, S. 2001. "The Magnetic Origins of Coronal Mass Ejections." 5th Hellenic Astronomical Conference

    MacNeice, P., D. S. Spicer, and S. Antiochos. 1999. "A Model for Prominence Mass and Dynamics." 8th SOHO Workshop: Plasma Dynamics and Diagnostics in the Solar Transition Region and Corona 446 457-

    Schmieder, B., Z. Mouradian, L. Golub, and S. Antiochos. 1994. "Coronal Structures Observed in X-rays (NIXT) and H_alpha Surges." Proceedings of Kofu Symposium 317-320

    Schmieder, B., Z. Mouradian, L. Golub, and S. Antiochos. 1994. "Coronal Structures Observed in X-Rays (NIXT) and Hα Surges." Seventh European Meeting on Solar Physics 159-

    Ayres, T., G. Basri, T. Simon, et al. J. Stauffer, R. Stern, S. K. Antiochos, J. Bookbinder, A. Brown, G. Doschek, J. Linsky, L. Ramsey, and F. Walter. 1994. "Sleuthing the Dynamo: HST/FOS Observations of UV Emissions of Solar-Type Stars in Young Clusters." Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun 64 53-55 [Full Text (Link)]

    Sturrock, P. A., G. Roumeliotis, and S. Antiochos. 1993. "Asymptotic Forms for the Energy of Force Free Magnetic-Field Configurations." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 25 1218-

    Zolcinski, M. C., L. Kay, S. Antiochos, R. Stern, and A. B. Walker. 1982. "An IUE survey of the Hyades star cluster." NASA Conference Publication 2338 239-242

    Stern, R., J. H. Underwood, M. C. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1980. "The Einstein Central Hyades Survey - a Progress Report." SAO Special Report 389 127-

    Stern, R., J. Underwood, M. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1980. "Stellar Coronae in the Hyades." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 12 801-

    Stern, R., J. H. Underwood, M. Zolcinski, and S. Antiochos. 1979. "The EINSTEIN Central Hyades Survey: A Progress Report." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 11 [781-]

    Sturrock, P. A., S. Antiochos, P. Switzer, and J. Vallee. 1972. "Periodicity in the Radiofrequency Spectrum of the Pulsar CP 0328." The Astrophysical Journal 171 [L27-10.1086/180860]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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