Dr. Scott A Braun

Dr. Scott A Braun

  • RESEARCH AST, METEOROLOGICAL STUDIES
  • Additional Roles: Project Scientist for Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
  • 301.614.6316 | 301.614.5492
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 612
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Scott A. Braun, a research meteorologist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., specializes in the area hurricanes. Scott is an expert at using satellite and aircraft data, along with computer modeling, to investigate how hurricanes form and intensify, including their interaction with the Saharan Air Layer. Scott is the Flight project scientist for GOES-R and the project scientist for the Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS, https://tropics.ll.mit.edu) mission. 

    Scott was the Principal Investigator for NASA's Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) mission. HS3 was a five-year (2010-2015) mission specifically targeted to investigate hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean basin. In his role, Scott led a diverse team of hurricane and instrument scientists to design and conduct experiments using unmanned aircraft to understand better the meteorological conditions that favor storm formation and often lead to the development of major hurricanes. To learn more about HS3, visit: espo.nasa.gov/hs3.

    He was also the Project Scientist for the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM, 2008-2017) and worked with the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission project scientist to lead NASA's efforts to improve precipitation measurement from space.

    Scott has a doctorate in atmospheric sciences from the University of Washington, Seattle, and a bachelor's degree in science, with a concentration in meteorology from San Francisco State University. He was a research assistant at the University of Washington in Seattle, Wash.; a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo.; and has worked at Goddard since 1997.

    Scott has received numerous awards including the Goddard Earth Science Achievement Award, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, and group achievement awards for participating in NASA's CAMEX-4, TCSP, GRIP, and HS3 missions.

    Research Interests

    Hurricanes

    Physical and dynamical processes in hurricanes related to storm formation, intensification, clouds, and precipitation

    Data Analysis

    Analysis of airborne datasets from NASA hurricane field campaigns (CAMEX-3, TCSP, NAMMA, GRIP, HS3) and of large satellite datasets including TRMM, GPM, MODIS, AIRS, and CALIPSO

    Modeling

    Numerical modeling (MM5 and WRF mesoscale models, Goddard Cumulus Ensemble Model) of cloud systems, including squall lines, hurricanes, and extratropical winter storms

    Current Projects

    Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS)

    TROPICS is an Earth Venture Instrument selected in 2016 to use a constellation of at least 6 CubeSat microwave radiometers to measure precipitation structure, storm intensity, and temperature and humidity profiles in and around tropical cyclones. The radiometers include 12 channels, with imaging channels at 90 and 205 GHz, 7 temperature channels near 118 GHz, and 3 moisture channels near 183 GHz. TROPICS will provide observations in the global Tropics (±40°) with a median revisit rate of 40 minutes. Scott is the project scientist for the mission. William Blackwell of MIT/Lincoln Labs is the PI.

    Flight Project Scientist for GOES-R

    The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) – R Series is the nation’s most advanced fleet of geostationary weather satellites. The satellites provide advanced imaging with increased spatial resolution and faster coverage for more accurate forecasts, real-time mapping of lightning activity, and improved monitoring of solar activity and space weather. The GOES-R Series is a four-satellite program (GOES-R/S/T/U) that will extend the availability of the operational GOES satellite system through 2036. As Project Scientist, Braun provides scienctific support for the NASA GOES-R flight project.

    Positions/Employment

    1998 - Present

    Research Meteorologist

    NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD
    1997 - 1998

    Visiting Fellow

    Universities Space Research Association, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD
    1995 - 1997

    Advanced Study Program Postdoctoral Fellow

    NCAR, Boulder, CO
    1989 - 1995

    Research Assistant

    University of Washington, Seattle, WA

    Education

    1989 - B.A. in Science, concentration in meteorology, San Francisco State University
    1995 - Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington

    Professional Societies

    American Meteorological Society (AMS), 1986 - Present
    Member, 1986-present Associate Editor, J. Atmos. Sci., 2009-present
    American Geophysical Union, 2006 - Present
    Member

    Professional Service

    Research Community Service
    2000 Max Eaton Award Committee member, 24th Conf. on Hurr. and Trop. Meteor.
    2002 NOAA Technology Infusion Plan, team member
    2004 Max Eaton Award Committee member, 26th Conf. on Hurr. and Trop. Meteor.
    2005-06 Member, Joint Action Group for Tropical Cyclone Research (NOAA/NASA/ONR)
    2005-07 Associate Editor, Monthly Weather Review
    2005-10 AMS Mesoscale Processes Conference Committee Member
    2005-2018 Member, Earth-Sun Exploration Div. Science-Public Affairs Office Committee
    2007 Program Chair, 12th Conference on Mesoscale Processes, Summer 2007
    2008 Organizer, 3rd TRMM Science Conference
    2008-12 Member, Working Group for Tropical Cyclone Research (NOAA/NASA/ONR)
    2009-15 Associate Editor, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
    2012-13 Member, Working Group for Unmanned Airborne System for Environmental Monitoring (NOAA/NASA/ONR)
    2014-16 Advisor to NOAA Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology (SHOUT) program on application of the Global Hawk UAS for hurricane research
    2015-16 Advanced Phased-Array Radar Advisory Panel
    2016- Associate Editor for Monthly Weather Review
    2018- Member, Hurricanes and Tropical Meteor. Conference Committee Member

    Educational Service
    2004-07 PhD advisory committee for Joseph Olson, SUNY-Stony Brook
    2005-08 PhD advisory committee for Jason Sippel, Texas A&M University
    2006-11 Masters/PhD advisory committee for Samuel Trahan, UMBC
    2008-10 PhD advisory committee for Matthew Miller at North Carolina State University
    2011-13 Masters advisory committee for Alexandra St. Pe at Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore Co. (UMBC)
    2017- PhD advisory committee for Robert Nystrom, Penn State University

     

    Awards

    2016 NASA/USGS Pecora Award, TRMM Mission
    2007 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal
    2006 Goddard Honor Award for Earth Science Achievement
    2001 Scientific Research Award, Laboratory for Atmospheres
    1989 Howard H. Hanks, Jr. Memorial Scholarship in Meteorology, AMS
    1989 School of Science Honoree, San Francisco State University (SFSU)
     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Munsell, E. B., F. Zhang, S. A. Braun, J. A. Sippel, and A. C. Didlake. 2018. "The Inner-Core Temperature Structure of Hurricane Edouard (2014): Observations and Ensemble Variability." Monthly Weather Review, 146 (1): 135-155 [10.1175/mwr-d-17-0095.1]

    Nystrom, R. G., F. Zhang, E. B. Munsell, et al. S. A. Braun, J. A. Sippel, Y. Weng, and K. Emanuel. 2018. "Predictability and Dynamics of Hurricane Joaquin (2015) Explored through Convection-Permitting Ensemble Sensitivity Experiments." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75 (2): 401-424 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0137.1]

    Nowottnick, E. P., P. R. Colarco, S. A. Braun, et al. D. O. Barahona, A. da Silva, D. L. Hlavka, M. J. McGill, and J. R. Spackman. 2018. "Dust Impacts on the 2012 Hurricane Nadine Track during the NASA HS3 Field Campaign." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, JAS-D-17-0237.1 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0237.1]

    Munsell, E., F. Zhang, J. A. Sippel, and S. A. Braun. 2017. "Dynamics and predictability of the rapid intensification of Hurricane Edouard (2014)." Monthly Weather Review, 74 (2): 573-595 [doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-16-0018.1]

    Kirschbaum, D. B., G. J. Huffman, R. Adler, et al. S. A. Braun, K. Garrett, E. Jones, A. L. Mcnally, G. S. Jackson, E. F. Stocker, H. Wu, and B. Zaitchik. 2017. "NASA’s Remotely-sensed Precipitation: A Reservoir for Applications Users." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (6): 1169-1184 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00296.1]

    Rutherford, B., T. Dunkerton, M. Montgomery, and S. Braun. 2017. "The genesis of Hurricane Nate and its interaction with a nearby environment of very dry air." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (17): 10349-10366 [10.5194/acp-17-10349-2017]

    Skofronick-Jackson, G., W. A. Petersen, W. Berg, et al. C. Kidd, E. F. Stocker, D. B. Kirschbaum, R. Kakar, S. A. Braun, G. J. Huffman, T. Iguchi, P. E. Kirstetter, C. Kummerow, R. Meneghini, R. Oki, W. S. Olson, Y. N. Takayabu, K. Furukawa, and T. Wilheit. 2017. "The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission for Science and Society." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (8): 1679-1695 [10.1175/bams-d-15-00306.1]

    Sippel, J., F. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. A. Braun, and D. Cecil. 2016. "Further Exploring the Potential for Assimilation of Unmanned Aircraft Observations to Benefit Hurricane Analyses and Forecasts,." Tropical Cyclone Research and Review, 4 (2): 1-7 [NA]

    Abarca, S. F., M. T. Montgomery, S. A. Braun, and J. Dunion. 2016. "On the secondary eyewall formation of Hurricane Edouard (2014)." Monthly Weather Review, MWR-D-15-0421.1 (In Press) [10.1175/mwr-d-15-0421.1]

    Braun, S. A., P. Newman, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2016. "NASA’s Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) Investigation." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (11): 2085-2102 [10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00186.1]

    Munsell, E. B., J. A. Sippel, S. A. Braun, Y. Weng, and F. Zhang. 2015. "Dynamics and Predictability of Hurricane Nadine (2012) Evaluated through Convection-Permitting Ensemble Analysis and Forecasts." Monthly Weather Review, 143 (11): 4514-4532 [10.1175/mwr-d-14-00358.1]

    Sippel, J. A., F. Zhang, Y. Weng, et al. L. Tian, G. M. Heymsfield, and S. A. Braun. 2014. "Ensemble Kalman Filter Assimilation of HIWRAP Observations of Hurricane Karl (2010) from the Unmanned Global Hawk Aircraft." Mon. Wea. Rev., 142 (12): 4559-4580 [10.1175/MWR-D-14-00042.1]

    Braun, S. A., J. A. Sippel, C.-L. Shie, and R. A. Boller. 2013. "The Evolution and Role of the Saharan Air Layer during Hurricane Helene (2006)." Mon. Weather Rev., 141 (12): 4269-4295 [10.1175/MWR-D-13-00045.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, T. Matsui, and C. Williams. 2013. "Evaluation of cloud microphysics schemes in simulations of a winter storm using radar and radiometer measurements." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (3): 1401-1419 [10.1002/jgrd.50115]

    Braun, S. A., R. Kakar, E. Zipser, et al. G. M. Heymsfield, C. Albers, S. Brown, S. Durden, S. Guimond, J. Halverson, A. Heymsfield, S. Ismail, B. Lambrigtsen, T. Miller, S. Tanelli, J. Thomas, and J. Zawislak. 2013. "NASA's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Field Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94 (3): 345-363 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00232.1]

    Sippel, J. A., S. A. Braun, F. Zhang, and Y. Weng. 2013. "Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of simulated HIWRAP Doppler velocity data in a hurricane." Monthly Weather Review, 141 (8): 2683-2704 [10.1175/MWR-D-12-00157.1]

    Braun, S., J. Sippel, and D. Nolan. 2012. "The Impact of Dry Midlevel Air on Hurricane Intensity in Idealized Simulations with No Mean Flow." J Atmos Sci, 69 (1): 236-257 [10.1175/JAS-D-10-05007.1]

    Sippel, J., S. A. Braun, and C. Shie. 2011. "Environmental Influences on the Strength of Tropical Storm Debby (2006)." J Atmos Sci, 68 (11): 2557–2581 [10.1175/2011JAS3648.1]

    Yang, M., S. A. Braun, and C. Deng-Shun. 2011. "Water Budget of Typhoon Nari (2001)." Mon. Wea. Rev., 139 (12): 3809-3828 [10.1175/MWR-D-10-05090.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, W. S. Olson, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2010. "Application of TRMM PR and TMI Measurements to Assess Cloud Microphysical Schemes in the MM5 for a Winter Storm." J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49 (6): 1129-1148 [10.1175/2010JAMC2327.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, K. Mallen, and P. Reasor. 2010. "Simulation and Interpretation of the Genesis of Tropical Storm Gert (2005) as Part of the NASA Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67 (4): 999-1025 [10.1175/2009JAS3140.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Comments on “Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System”." J Atmos Sci, 67 (7): 2402-2410 [10.1175/2010JAS3458.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Reevaluating the Role of the Saharan Air Layer in Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis and Evolution." Mon. Wea. Rev., 138 (6): 2007-2037 [10.1175/2009MWR3135.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Shi, S. Chen, et al. E. A. Lee, S.-Y. Hong, C. Peters-Lidard, S. A. Braun, G. Thompson, and J. Simpson. 2010. "New, improved bulk-microphysical schemes for studying precipitation processes in WRF: Part I: Comparison with different microphysical schemes." Mon Wea Rev,

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2009. "Alongfront Variability of Precipitation Associated with a Midlatitude Frontal Zone: TRMM Observations and MM5 Simulation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 137 (3): 1008-1028 [10.1175/2008MWR2465.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2008. "Implications of tropical cyclone power dissipation index." Int. J. Climatol., 28 (6): 727-731 [10.1002/joc.1573]

    Halverson, J., M. Black, S. A. Braun, et al. D. Cecil, M. Goodman, A. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, R. Hood, T. Krishnamurti, G. McFarquhar, M. J. Mahoney, J. Molinari, R. Rogers, J. Turk, C. Velden, D. Zhang, E. Zipser, and R. Kakar. 2007. "NASA's Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) Experiment: Investigating Tropical Cyclogenesis and Hurricane Intensity Change." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 88: 867-882.

    Cram, T., J. Persing, M. Montgomery, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "A Lagrangian Trajectory View on Transport and Mixing Processes between the Eye, Eyewall, and Environment Using a High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998)." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64 (6): 1835-1856 [10.1175/JAS3921.1]

    Braun, S. A., and L. Wu. 2007. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part II: Shear and the Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." Mon Wea Rev, 135 (4): 1179-1194 [10.1175/MWR3336.1]

    Olson, W., C. Kummerow, S. Yang, et al. G. Petty, W. Tao, T. Bell, S. Braun, Y. Wang, S. Lang, D. Johnson, and C. Chiu. 2006. "Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties." J Appl Meteorol Climatol, 45 (5): 702-720.

    Braun, S. A. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part II: Water Budget." J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (1): 43-64 [10.1175/JAS3609.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, and Z. Pu. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part I: The Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (1): 19-42 [10.1175/JAS3598.1]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. J. Qu, and X. Hao. 2006. "Simulating the formation of Hurricane Isabel (2003) with AIRS data." Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (4): L04804 [10.1029/2005GL024665]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2006. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part I: Model Verification and Storm Evolution." J Atmos Sci, 63 (1): 65-86 [10.1175/JAS3597.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2005. "Impacts of air-sea interaction on tropical cyclone track and intensity." Mon. Wea. Rev., 133: 3299-3314.

    Wu, L., and S. A. Braun. 2004. "Effects of Environmentally Induced Asymmetries on Hurricane Intensity: A Numerical Study." J. Atmos. Sci., 61 (24): 3065-3081 [10.1175/JAS-3343.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, S. E. Lang, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. O. Starr, C. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics radiation and surface processes in the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCM) model." Meteor Atmos Phys, 82: 97-137.

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, S. E. Lang, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. O. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost, 2: 1-52.

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, E. A. Lee, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z.-X. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost, 2: 18994.

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, E. A. Lee, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. Starr, C.-H. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics, radiation and surface processes in a non-hydrostatic model." Meteor Atmos Phy, 82: 97-137.

    Tao, W., C. Shie, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, R. Johnson, and P. Ciesielski. 2003. "Convective systems over the South China sea: Cloud-resolving model simulations." J Atmos Sci, 60 (24): 2929-2956 [10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<2929:CSOTSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Rao, P. A., C. Velden, and S. A. Braun. 2002. "The vertical error characteristics of GOES-derived winds: Description and impact on numerical weather prediction ." J. Appl. Meteor., 41: 253-271.

    Pu, Z., W. Tao, S. A. Braun, et al. J. Simpson, Y. Jia, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2002. "The impact of TRMM data on mesoscale numerical simulation of Super typhoon Paka." Mon Wea Rev, 130: 2448-2458.

    Braun, S. A. 2002. "A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm structure and eyewall buoyancy." Mon Wea Rev, 130 (6): 1573-1592 [10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<1573:ACRSOH>2.0.CO;2]

    Olson, W. S., S. Yang, C. A. Kummerow, et al. Z. Haddad, W.-K. Tao, E. A. Lee, D. E. Johnson, S. A. Braun, C. Chiu, and J.-J. Wang. 2002. "Estimation of precipitation and latent heating distributions by satellite passive/active microwave remote sensing." Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment, 50-57.

    Pu, Z., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of bogus vortex techniques with four-dimensional variational data assimilation." Mon Wea Rev, 129 (8): 2023 - 2039.

    Braun, S. A., and W. Tao. 2000. "Sensitivity of High-Resolution Simulations of Hurricane Bob (1991) to Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterizations." Mon Wea Rev, 128 (12): 3941-3961.

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr. Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 81: 2463-2474.

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 81: 2463-2474.

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts. Part I: Dry, Inviscid Dynamics." J Atmos Sci, 56 (4): 517-533 [10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<0517:EOCOOL>2.0.CO;2]

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts. Part II: Effects of Surface Friction." J Atmos Sci, 56 (19): 3366-3384 [10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<3366:EOCOOL>2.0.CO;2]

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 478-504.

    Braun, S. A., J. R. Houze, and B. F. Smull. 1997. "Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast ." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 3131-3156.

    Braun, S. A., and J. R. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev., 125: 478-504.

    Braun, S. A., R. A. Houze, and M.-J. Yng. 1996. "Comments on “The impact of the ice phase and radiation on a midlatitude squall line system." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1343-1351.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1996. "The heat budget of a midlatitude squall line and implications for potential vorticity production ." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1217-1240.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Melting and freezing within a midlatitude mesoscale convective system." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 121: 55-77.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Diagnosis of hydrometeor profiles from area-mean vertical velocity data." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 121: 23-53.

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1994. "The transition zone and secondary maximum of radar reflectivity behind a midlatitude squall line: Results retrieved from Doppler radar data ." J. Atmos. Sci., 51: 2733-2755.

    Sun, J., S. A. Braun, M. I. Biggerstaff, R. G. Fovell, and R. A. Houze. 1993. "Warm upper-level downdrafts associated with a squall line." Mon. Wea. Rev., 121: 2919-2927.

    Braun, S. A., and J. P. Monteverdi. 1991. "An analysis of a mesocyclone-induced tornado occurrence in northern California ." Wea. Forecasting, 6: 13-31.

    Monteverdi, J. P., S. A. Braun, and T. C. Trimble. 1988. "Funnel clouds in the San Joaquin Valley, California." Mon. Wea. Rev., 116: 782-789.

    Non-Refereed

    Davies, D. K., K. J. Murphy, K. Michael, et al. I. Becker-Reshef, C. O. Justice, R. A. Boller, S. A. Braun, J. E. Schmaltz, M. Wong, A. N. Pasch, T. S. Dye, A. M. Da Silva, H. M. Goodman, and P. J. Morin. 2015. "The Use of NASA LANCE Imagery and Data for Near Real-Time Applications." Time-Sensitive Remote Sensing New York: 165-182, ISBN: 978-1-4939-2601-5. [10.1007/978-1-4939-2602-2_11]

    Braun, S. A., and C.-L. Shie. 2008. "The Saharan Air Layer and improved understanding of Atlantic hurricane formation and intensification: hope or hype?" The 62nd Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference, 3-7 March 2008, Charleston, SC, 2008

    Shirah, G. W., L. K. Perkins, H. G. Mitchell, et al. S. A. Snodgrass, B. A. Kekesi, J. W. Williams, M. Newcombe, W. T. Bridgman, C. L. Starr, H. G. Kostis, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "Towers in the Tempest." IEEE Visualization 2007 Scientific American Theater Sacramento, CA.

    Mcgill, M. J., D. Hlvaka, W. D. Hart, J. Spinhirne, and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Cloud Physics Lidar Measurements during the SAFARI-2000 Field Campaign." 2001 AGU Fall Meeting San Fransico, CA.

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, J. Fulton, and D. Nolan. 2001. "Warm-Core Intensification of a Hurricane Through Horizontal Eddy Heat Transports Inside the Eye." USWRP Science Symposium Orlando, FL.

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, J. Fulton, and D. Nolan. 2001. "Warm-Core Intensification through Horizontal Eddy Heat Transports into the Eye." Ninth Conference Mesoscale Processes Ft Lauderdale, FL.

    Pu, Z.-X., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of Bogus Vortex Techniques Using Four-Demensional Variational Data Assimilation." 14th and 18th Conference Ft Lauderdale, FL.

    Pu, Z., W.-K. Tao, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2001. "The Impact of TRMM Data on Mesoscale Numerical Simulation of Super Typhoon Paka." 9th Conference Mesoscale Processes Ft Lauderdale, FL.

    Braun, S. A., J. Simpson, and W.-K. Tao. 2000. "Kinematic and Thermodynamic Structures of Hurricane Bob (1991) Determined from a 13-KM Resolution Numerical Simulation." AMS Spring Meeting

    Pu, Z.-X., S. A. Braun, and W.-K. Tao. 1999. "Four-Dimensional Data Assimulation and Numerical Simulation of Hurricane George (1998)." 9th MM5 Users Workshop Boulder, CO.

    Pu, Z.-X., S. A. Braun, and W.-K. Tao. 1999. "Four-Dimensional Data Assimulation and Numerical Simulation of Hurricanes." 3rd WMO Symposium on Data Assimilation Quebec, Canada.

    Braun, S. A., and W.-K. Tao. 1998. "Evaluation of the Goddard and Reisner Cloud Microphysical Parameterizations in a Simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991)." MM5 Users Workshop 49-52 Boulder, CO.

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Scott A. Braun, a research meteorologist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., specializes in the area hurricanes. Scott is an expert at using satellite and aircraft data, along with computer modeling, to investigate how hurricanes form and intensify, including their interaction with the Saharan Air Layer. Scott is the Flight project scientist for GOES-R and the project scientist for the Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS, https://tropics.ll.mit.edu) mission. 

    Scott was the Principal Investigator for NASA's Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) mission. HS3 was a five-year (2010-2015) mission specifically targeted to investigate hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean basin. In his role, Scott led a diverse team of hurricane and instrument scientists to design and conduct experiments using unmanned aircraft to understand better the meteorological conditions that favor storm formation and often lead to the development of major hurricanes. To learn more about HS3, visit: espo.nasa.gov/hs3.

    He was also the Project Scientist for the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM, 2008-2017) and worked with the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission project scientist to lead NASA's efforts to improve precipitation measurement from space.

    Scott has a doctorate in atmospheric sciences from the University of Washington, Seattle, and a bachelor's degree in science, with a concentration in meteorology from San Francisco State University. He was a research assistant at the University of Washington in Seattle, Wash.; a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo.; and has worked at Goddard since 1997.

    Scott has received numerous awards including the Goddard Earth Science Achievement Award, the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, and group achievement awards for participating in NASA's CAMEX-4, TCSP, GRIP, and HS3 missions.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Munsell, E. B., F. Zhang, S. A. Braun, J. A. Sippel, and A. C. Didlake. 2018. "The Inner-Core Temperature Structure of Hurricane Edouard (2014): Observations and Ensemble Variability." Monthly Weather Review 146 (1): 135-155 [10.1175/mwr-d-17-0095.1]

    Nystrom, R. G., F. Zhang, E. B. Munsell, et al. S. A. Braun, J. A. Sippel, Y. Weng, and K. Emanuel. 2018. "Predictability and Dynamics of Hurricane Joaquin (2015) Explored through Convection-Permitting Ensemble Sensitivity Experiments." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 75 (2): 401-424 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0137.1]

    Nowottnick, E. P., P. R. Colarco, S. A. Braun, et al. D. O. Barahona, A. da Silva, D. L. Hlavka, M. J. McGill, and J. R. Spackman. 2018. "Dust Impacts on the 2012 Hurricane Nadine Track during the NASA HS3 Field Campaign." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences JAS-D-17-0237.1 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0237.1]

    Munsell, E., F. Zhang, J. A. Sippel, and S. A. Braun. 2017. "Dynamics and predictability of the rapid intensification of Hurricane Edouard (2014)." Monthly Weather Review 74 (2): 573-595 [doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-16-0018.1]

    Kirschbaum, D. B., G. J. Huffman, R. Adler, et al. S. A. Braun, K. Garrett, E. Jones, A. L. Mcnally, G. S. Jackson, E. F. Stocker, H. Wu, and B. Zaitchik. 2017. "NASA’s Remotely-sensed Precipitation: A Reservoir for Applications Users." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98 (6): 1169-1184 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00296.1]

    Rutherford, B., T. Dunkerton, M. Montgomery, and S. Braun. 2017. "The genesis of Hurricane Nate and its interaction with a nearby environment of very dry air." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (17): 10349-10366 [10.5194/acp-17-10349-2017]

    Skofronick-Jackson, G., W. A. Petersen, W. Berg, et al. C. Kidd, E. F. Stocker, D. B. Kirschbaum, R. Kakar, S. A. Braun, G. J. Huffman, T. Iguchi, P. E. Kirstetter, C. Kummerow, R. Meneghini, R. Oki, W. S. Olson, Y. N. Takayabu, K. Furukawa, and T. Wilheit. 2017. "The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission for Science and Society." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 98 (8): 1679-1695 [10.1175/bams-d-15-00306.1]

    Sippel, J., F. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. A. Braun, and D. Cecil. 2016. "Further Exploring the Potential for Assimilation of Unmanned Aircraft Observations to Benefit Hurricane Analyses and Forecasts,." Tropical Cyclone Research and Review 4 (2): 1-7 [NA]

    Abarca, S. F., M. T. Montgomery, S. A. Braun, and J. Dunion. 2016. "On the secondary eyewall formation of Hurricane Edouard (2014)." Monthly Weather Review (In Press) MWR-D-15-0421.1 [10.1175/mwr-d-15-0421.1]

    Braun, S. A., P. Newman, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2016. "NASA’s Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) Investigation." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97 (11): 2085-2102 [10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00186.1]

    Munsell, E. B., J. A. Sippel, S. A. Braun, Y. Weng, and F. Zhang. 2015. "Dynamics and Predictability of Hurricane Nadine (2012) Evaluated through Convection-Permitting Ensemble Analysis and Forecasts." Monthly Weather Review 143 (11): 4514-4532 [10.1175/mwr-d-14-00358.1]

    Sippel, J. A., F. Zhang, Y. Weng, et al. L. Tian, G. M. Heymsfield, and S. A. Braun. 2014. "Ensemble Kalman Filter Assimilation of HIWRAP Observations of Hurricane Karl (2010) from the Unmanned Global Hawk Aircraft." Mon. Wea. Rev. 142 (12): 4559-4580 [10.1175/MWR-D-14-00042.1]

    Braun, S. A., J. A. Sippel, C.-L. Shie, and R. A. Boller. 2013. "The Evolution and Role of the Saharan Air Layer during Hurricane Helene (2006)." Mon. Weather Rev. 141 (12): 4269-4295 [10.1175/MWR-D-13-00045.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, T. Matsui, and C. Williams. 2013. "Evaluation of cloud microphysics schemes in simulations of a winter storm using radar and radiometer measurements." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (3): 1401-1419 [10.1002/jgrd.50115]

    Braun, S. A., R. Kakar, E. Zipser, et al. G. M. Heymsfield, C. Albers, S. Brown, S. Durden, S. Guimond, J. Halverson, A. Heymsfield, S. Ismail, B. Lambrigtsen, T. Miller, S. Tanelli, J. Thomas, and J. Zawislak. 2013. "NASA's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Field Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94 (3): 345-363 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00232.1]

    Sippel, J. A., S. A. Braun, F. Zhang, and Y. Weng. 2013. "Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of simulated HIWRAP Doppler velocity data in a hurricane." Monthly Weather Review 141 (8): 2683-2704 [10.1175/MWR-D-12-00157.1]

    Braun, S., J. Sippel, and D. Nolan. 2012. "The Impact of Dry Midlevel Air on Hurricane Intensity in Idealized Simulations with No Mean Flow." J Atmos Sci 69 (1): 236-257 [10.1175/JAS-D-10-05007.1]

    Sippel, J., S. A. Braun, and C. Shie. 2011. "Environmental Influences on the Strength of Tropical Storm Debby (2006)." J Atmos Sci 68 (11): 2557–2581 [10.1175/2011JAS3648.1]

    Yang, M., S. A. Braun, and C. Deng-Shun. 2011. "Water Budget of Typhoon Nari (2001)." Mon. Wea. Rev. 139 (12): 3809-3828 [10.1175/MWR-D-10-05090.1]

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, W. S. Olson, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2010. "Application of TRMM PR and TMI Measurements to Assess Cloud Microphysical Schemes in the MM5 for a Winter Storm." J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 49 (6): 1129-1148 [10.1175/2010JAMC2327.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, K. Mallen, and P. Reasor. 2010. "Simulation and Interpretation of the Genesis of Tropical Storm Gert (2005) as Part of the NASA Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes Experiment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 67 (4): 999-1025 [10.1175/2009JAS3140.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Comments on “Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System”." J Atmos Sci 67 (7): 2402-2410 [10.1175/2010JAS3458.1]

    Braun, S. A. 2010. "Reevaluating the Role of the Saharan Air Layer in Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenesis and Evolution." Mon. Wea. Rev. 138 (6): 2007-2037 [10.1175/2009MWR3135.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Shi, S. Chen, et al. E. A. Lee, S.-Y. Hong, C. Peters-Lidard, S. A. Braun, G. Thompson, and J. Simpson. 2010. "New, improved bulk-microphysical schemes for studying precipitation processes in WRF: Part I: Comparison with different microphysical schemes." Mon Wea Rev

    Han, M., S. A. Braun, P. O. Persson, and J. Bao. 2009. "Alongfront Variability of Precipitation Associated with a Midlatitude Frontal Zone: TRMM Observations and MM5 Simulation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 137 (3): 1008-1028 [10.1175/2008MWR2465.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2008. "Implications of tropical cyclone power dissipation index." Int. J. Climatol. 28 (6): 727-731 [10.1002/joc.1573]

    Halverson, J., M. Black, S. A. Braun, et al. D. Cecil, M. Goodman, A. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, R. Hood, T. Krishnamurti, G. McFarquhar, M. J. Mahoney, J. Molinari, R. Rogers, J. Turk, C. Velden, D. Zhang, E. Zipser, and R. Kakar. 2007. "NASA's Tropical Cloud Systems and Processes (TCSP) Experiment: Investigating Tropical Cyclogenesis and Hurricane Intensity Change." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 88 867-882

    Cram, T., J. Persing, M. Montgomery, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "A Lagrangian Trajectory View on Transport and Mixing Processes between the Eye, Eyewall, and Environment Using a High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998)." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64 (6): 1835-1856 [10.1175/JAS3921.1]

    Braun, S. A., and L. Wu. 2007. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part II: Shear and the Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." Mon Wea Rev 135 (4): 1179-1194 [10.1175/MWR3336.1]

    Olson, W., C. Kummerow, S. Yang, et al. G. Petty, W. Tao, T. Bell, S. Braun, Y. Wang, S. Lang, D. Johnson, and C. Chiu. 2006. "Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties." J Appl Meteorol Climatol 45 (5): 702-720

    Braun, S. A. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part II: Water Budget." J. Atmos. Sci. 63 (1): 43-64 [10.1175/JAS3609.1]

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, and Z. Pu. 2006. "High-Resolution Simulation of Hurricane Bonnie (1998). Part I: The Organization of Eyewall Vertical Motion." J. Atmos. Sci. 63 (1): 19-42 [10.1175/JAS3598.1]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. J. Qu, and X. Hao. 2006. "Simulating the formation of Hurricane Isabel (2003) with AIRS data." Geophysical Research Letters 33 (4): L04804 [10.1029/2005GL024665]

    Wu, L., S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, and G. M. Heymsfield. 2006. "A numerical study of Hurricane Erin (2001). Part I: Model Verification and Storm Evolution." J Atmos Sci 63 (1): 65-86 [10.1175/JAS3597.1]

    Wu, L., B. Wang, and S. A. Braun. 2005. "Impacts of air-sea interaction on tropical cyclone track and intensity." Mon. Wea. Rev. 133 3299-3314

    Wu, L., and S. A. Braun. 2004. "Effects of Environmentally Induced Asymmetries on Hurricane Intensity: A Numerical Study." J. Atmos. Sci. 61 (24): 3065-3081 [10.1175/JAS-3343.1]

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, S. E. Lang, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. O. Starr, C. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics radiation and surface processes in the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCM) model." Meteor Atmos Phys 82 97-137

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, S. E. Lang, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. O. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost 2 1-52

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, M. Jasinski, Y. Jia, R. Kakar, M. Karyampudi, E. A. Lee, W. K. Lau, B. Lynn, Z.-X. Pu, M. Shepherd, J. Simpson, D. Starr, Y. Wang, W. Weinman, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Regional Scale Modeling at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Recent Research Developments in Atmospheric Science." Research Signpost 2 18994

    Tao, W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, et al. S. A. Braun, M.-D. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, E. A. Lee, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. Starr, C.-H. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel. 2003. "Microphysics, radiation and surface processes in a non-hydrostatic model." Meteor Atmos Phy 82 97-137

    Tao, W., C. Shie, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, R. Johnson, and P. Ciesielski. 2003. "Convective systems over the South China sea: Cloud-resolving model simulations." J Atmos Sci 60 (24): 2929-2956 [10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<2929:CSOTSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Rao, P. A., C. Velden, and S. A. Braun. 2002. "The vertical error characteristics of GOES-derived winds: Description and impact on numerical weather prediction ." J. Appl. Meteor. 41 253-271

    Pu, Z., W. Tao, S. A. Braun, et al. J. Simpson, Y. Jia, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2002. "The impact of TRMM data on mesoscale numerical simulation of Super typhoon Paka." Mon Wea Rev 130 2448-2458

    Braun, S. A. 2002. "A cloud-resolving simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991): Storm structure and eyewall buoyancy." Mon Wea Rev 130 (6): 1573-1592 [10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<1573:ACRSOH>2.0.CO;2]

    Olson, W. S., S. Yang, C. A. Kummerow, et al. Z. Haddad, W.-K. Tao, E. A. Lee, D. E. Johnson, S. A. Braun, C. Chiu, and J.-J. Wang. 2002. "Estimation of precipitation and latent heating distributions by satellite passive/active microwave remote sensing." Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment 50-57

    Pu, Z., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of bogus vortex techniques with four-dimensional variational data assimilation." Mon Wea Rev 129 (8): 2023 - 2039

    Braun, S. A., and W. Tao. 2000. "Sensitivity of High-Resolution Simulations of Hurricane Bob (1991) to Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterizations." Mon Wea Rev 128 (12): 3941-3961

    Tao, W., R. F. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr. Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 81 2463-2474

    Tao, W.-K., R. Adler, S. A. Braun, et al. F. Einaudi, B. Ferrier, J. Halverson, G. M. Heymsfield, C. Kummerow, A. Negri, and R. Kakar. 2000. "Summary of a Symposium on Cloud Systems, Hurricanes and TRMM: Celebration of Dr Joanne Simpson's Career - The First Fifty Years." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 81 2463-2474

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts. Part I: Dry, Inviscid Dynamics." J Atmos Sci 56 (4): 517-533 [10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<0517:EOCOOL>2.0.CO;2]

    Braun, S. A., R. Rotunno, and J. B. Klemp. 1999. "Effects of Coastal Orography on Landfalling Cold Fronts. Part II: Effects of Surface Friction." J Atmos Sci 56 (19): 3366-3384 [10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<3366:EOCOOL>2.0.CO;2]

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 478-504

    Braun, S. A., J. R. Houze, and B. F. Smull. 1997. "Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast ." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 3131-3156

    Braun, S. A., and J. R. Houze. 1997. "On the evolution of the 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM squall line: Initiation, development of rear inflow, and dissipation." Mon. Wea. Rev. 125 478-504

    Braun, S. A., R. A. Houze, and M.-J. Yng. 1996. "Comments on “The impact of the ice phase and radiation on a midlatitude squall line system." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1343-1351

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1996. "The heat budget of a midlatitude squall line and implications for potential vorticity production ." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1217-1240

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Melting and freezing within a midlatitude mesoscale convective system." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 121 55-77

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1995. "Diagnosis of hydrometeor profiles from area-mean vertical velocity data." Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 121 23-53

    Braun, S. A., and R. A. Houze. 1994. "The transition zone and secondary maximum of radar reflectivity behind a midlatitude squall line: Results retrieved from Doppler radar data ." J. Atmos. Sci. 51 2733-2755

    Sun, J., S. A. Braun, M. I. Biggerstaff, R. G. Fovell, and R. A. Houze. 1993. "Warm upper-level downdrafts associated with a squall line." Mon. Wea. Rev. 121 2919-2927

    Braun, S. A., and J. P. Monteverdi. 1991. "An analysis of a mesocyclone-induced tornado occurrence in northern California ." Wea. Forecasting 6 13-31

    Monteverdi, J. P., S. A. Braun, and T. C. Trimble. 1988. "Funnel clouds in the San Joaquin Valley, California." Mon. Wea. Rev. 116 782-789

    Non-Refereed

    Davies, D. K., K. J. Murphy, K. Michael, et al. I. Becker-Reshef, C. O. Justice, R. A. Boller, S. A. Braun, J. E. Schmaltz, M. Wong, A. N. Pasch, T. S. Dye, A. M. Da Silva, H. M. Goodman, and P. J. Morin. 2015. "The Use of NASA LANCE Imagery and Data for Near Real-Time Applications." Time-Sensitive Remote Sensing 165-182 [10.1007/978-1-4939-2602-2_11]

    Braun, S. A., and C.-L. Shie. 2008. "The Saharan Air Layer and improved understanding of Atlantic hurricane formation and intensification: hope or hype?" The 62nd Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference, 3-7 March 2008, Charleston, SC, 2008

    Shirah, G. W., L. K. Perkins, H. G. Mitchell, et al. S. A. Snodgrass, B. A. Kekesi, J. W. Williams, M. Newcombe, W. T. Bridgman, C. L. Starr, H. G. Kostis, and S. A. Braun. 2007. "Towers in the Tempest." IEEE Visualization 2007 Scientific American Theater

    Mcgill, M. J., D. Hlvaka, W. D. Hart, J. Spinhirne, and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Cloud Physics Lidar Measurements during the SAFARI-2000 Field Campaign." 2001 AGU Fall Meeting

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, J. Fulton, and D. Nolan. 2001. "Warm-Core Intensification of a Hurricane Through Horizontal Eddy Heat Transports Inside the Eye." USWRP Science Symposium

    Braun, S. A., M. Montgomery, J. Fulton, and D. Nolan. 2001. "Warm-Core Intensification through Horizontal Eddy Heat Transports into the Eye." Ninth Conference Mesoscale Processes

    Pu, Z.-X., and S. A. Braun. 2001. "Evaluation of Bogus Vortex Techniques Using Four-Demensional Variational Data Assimilation." 14th and 18th Conference

    Pu, Z., W.-K. Tao, J. Simpson, et al. S. A. Braun, J. Halverson, A. Y. Hou, and W. S. Olson. 2001. "The Impact of TRMM Data on Mesoscale Numerical Simulation of Super Typhoon Paka." 9th Conference Mesoscale Processes

    Braun, S. A., J. Simpson, and W.-K. Tao. 2000. "Kinematic and Thermodynamic Structures of Hurricane Bob (1991) Determined from a 13-KM Resolution Numerical Simulation." AMS Spring Meeting

    Pu, Z.-X., S. A. Braun, and W.-K. Tao. 1999. "Four-Dimensional Data Assimulation and Numerical Simulation of Hurricane George (1998)." 9th MM5 Users Workshop

    Pu, Z.-X., S. A. Braun, and W.-K. Tao. 1999. "Four-Dimensional Data Assimulation and Numerical Simulation of Hurricanes." 3rd WMO Symposium on Data Assimilation

    Braun, S. A., and W.-K. Tao. 1998. "Evaluation of the Goddard and Reisner Cloud Microphysical Parameterizations in a Simulation of Hurricane Bob (1991)." MM5 Users Workshop 49-52

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration