Sarah A Strode

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Sarah A Strode

  • SCIENTIST
  • 301.614.5547
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 614
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIVERSITIES SPACE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
  • Brief Bio

    Sarah Strode received her Ph.D in Atmospheric Science from the University of Washington. Her thesis work focused on the air-sea exchange and global transport of mercury. Sarah came to Goddard in 2009. Her research focuses on the interactions between atmospheric chemistry and climate, trends in atmospheric pollutants, and global transport of trace gases. She uses GEOS-5 Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM) and the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) Chemical Transport Model to analyze the trace gas distributions and trends seen in satellite, aircraft, and ground-based observations.  She is also involved in the Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom) and the Chemistry-Climate Modeling Initiative (CCMI).

    Research Interests

    Trends in Atmospheric Pollutants

    Atmospheric concentrations of pollutants such as ozone and carbon monoxide (CO) are changing over time due to human activities and air pollution regulations.  I use global atmospheric models along with satellite and surface observations to investigate what causes the observed trends and variability in atmospheric pollutants.  I am also interested in using models to predict how observations from future missions will help constrain pollutant trends.

    Oxidizing Capacity of the Troposphere

    The hydroxyl radical (OH) is the primary sink for many atmospheric pollutants and for some greenhouse gases such as methane.  Consequently, the amount of OH in the troposphere affects air quality and climate by controlling the lifetime of these gases.  My research uses models to quantify the impact of CO concentrations, overhead ozone, water vapor, and other factors on concentrations of OH.

    Chemistry-Climate Modeling

    Climate change can alter the emissions and chemistry of reactive trace gases, while changes in reactive greenhouse gases such as ozone and methane impact the climate.  Chemistry-climate models allow us to simulate the coupled chemistry-climate system to better understand the feedbacks between atmospheric chemistry and climate.

    Current Projects

    Atmospheric Chemistry Modelling for ATom

    Dr. Strode is participating in the modeling effort for the Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom), which seeks to understand the production and loss of ozone as well as methane oxidation in the remote atmosphere.  She is working with the GMI chemical transport model for this effort.  She also provided chemistry forecast briefings for the ATom team.

    Trends and Variability in Surface Ozone over the United States

    Pollution controls on ozone precursors have led to reductions in summertime surface ozone pollution over the eastern United States.  Trends in other seasons and regions of the country are more complex, as they are affected by processes such as atmospheric transport as well as local emissions.  On top of the long-term trends, there is also substantial year-to-year variability in surface ozone due to meteorology.  I am using the GMI chemical transport model to investigate the causes of the observed variability and trends in surface ozone over the United States.  Model simulations allow us to separate the role of changing emissions from that of meteorology.

    Trends in Carbon Monoxide

    Space-based observations of carbon monoxide (CO) show negative trends in several regions of the atmosphere [Worden et al., 2013].  I am using multiple model simulations from the Chemistry Climate Modeling Initiative (CCMI) to explore whether models can reproduce and explain the observed trends.

    Simulation of Methane Isotopes

    Biogenic and thermogenic sources of methane differ in their isotopic ratios.  Consequently, the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane provides valuable information on methane sources.  Dr. Strode is conducting 3-dimensional model simulations of the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane that can be compared to observations.  The goal of this study is to obtain stronger constraints on the contribution of different methane sources.

    Ozone in cloudy versus clear sky conditions

    Convection impacts ozone concentrations by lifting ozone-poor air from the surface, but can also lift pollutants that lead to additional ozone formation aloft.  Dr. Strode is using satellite observations in conjunction with the GEOSCCM to investigate differences in ozone between cloudy and clear regions of the atmosphere.

    Positions/Employment

    8/2011 - Present

    Scientist II

    USRA, NASA GSFC, Code 614
    • Contributes to the ATom campaign by providing chemical transport modeling of the mission period and chemical forecasts during the mission
    • conducts research on trace gases as part of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory
    • Investigates trends and variability in atmospheric composition by using models to analyze satellite, surface, and suborbital observations
    • contributes to model intercomparison studies
    9/2009 - 8/2011

    Atmospheric Constituent Scientist

    SAIC, NASA GSFC
    • Contributed to atmospheric modeling efforts of the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO)
    • Updated trace gas emissions for the GEOS-5 Chemistry Climate Model
    7/2008 - 6/2009

    Project Scientist

    O'Brien and Gere, Blue Bell, PA
    • Prepared greenhouse gas inventories
    • Contributed to human health risk assessments

    Education

    Ph.D: Atmospheric Science; University of Washington, Seattle, WA (2008)
    Dissertation Topic: “Mercury in the Atmosphere and Ocean: Sources, Transport, and Global Impacts”
    M.S
    : Atmospheric Science; University of Washington, Seattle, WA (2005)
    B.A.: Chemistry and Mathematics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO (2002)

    Professional Service

    Reviewer for several scientific journals including: Nature Communications, Journal of Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letters, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Atmospheric Environment, and Environmental Science and Technology, and Environmental Pollution

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Prather, M. J., X. Zhu, C. M. Flynn, et al. S. A. Strode, J. M. Rodriguez, S. D. Steenrod, J. Liu, J.-F. Lamarque, A. M. Fiore, L. W. Horowitz, J. Mao, L. T. Murray, D. T. Shindell, and S. C. Wofsy. 2017. "Global atmospheric chemistry – which air matters." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (14): 9081-9102 [10.5194/acp-17-9081-2017]

    Ziemke, J. R., S. A. Strode, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Joiner, A. Vasilkov, L. D. Oman, J. Liu, S. E. Strahan, P. K. Bhartia, and D. P. Haffner. 2017. "A cloud-ozone data product from Aura OMI and MLS satellite measurements." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10 (11): 4067-4078 [10.5194/amt-10-4067-2017]

    Strode, S. A., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. M. Manyin, J. E. Nielsen, and L. D. Oman. 2017. "A Model and Satellite-Based Analysis of the Tropospheric Ozone Distribution in Clear Versus Convectively Cloudy Conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, [10.1002/2017jd027015]

    Elshorbany, Y. F., B. Duncan, S. Strode, J. Wang, and J. Kouatchou. 2016. "The description and validation of the computationally Efficient CH4–CO–OH (ECCOHv1.01) chemistry module for 3-D model applications ." Geoscientific Model Development, 9: 799-822 [doi:10.5194/gmd-9-799-2016]

    Strode, S. A., H. M. Worden, M. Damon, et al. A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, L. K. Emmons, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, J. M. Rodriguez, S. E. Strahan, and S. Tilmes. 2016. "Interpreting space-based trends in carbon monoxide with multiple models." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (11): 7285-7294 [10.5194/acp-16-7285-2016]

    Silva, R. A., J. J. West, J.-F. Lamarque, et al. D. T. Shindell, W. J. Collins, S. Dalsoren, G. Faluvegi, G. Folberth, L. W. Horowitz, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, S. T. Rumbold, K. Sudo, T. Takemura, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, I. Cionni, R. M. Doherty, V. Eyring, B. Josse, I. A. MacKenzie, D. Plummer, M. Righi, D. S. Stevenson, S. Strode, S. Szopa, and G. Zengast. 2016. "The effect of future ambient air pollution on human premature mortality to 2100 using output from the ACCMIP model ensemble." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (15): 9847-9862 [10.5194/acp-16-9847-2016]

    Flynn, C. M., K. E. Pickering, J. H. Crawford, et al. A. J. Weinheimer, G. Diskin, K. L. Thornhill, C. Loughner, P. Lee, and S. A. Strode. 2016. "Variability of O3 and NO2 profile shapes during DISCOVER-AQ: Implications for satellite observations and comparisons to model-simulated profiles." Atmospheric Environment, 147: 133-156 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.09.068]

    Schnell, J. L., M. J. Prather, B. Josse, et al. V. Naik, L. W. Horowitz, P. Cameron-Smith, D. Bergmann, G. Zeng, D. A. Plummer, K. Sudo, T. Nagashima, D. T. Shindell, G. S. Faluvegi, and S. A. Strode. 2015. "Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate global chemistry-climate modeling of surface ozone." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15: 10581-10596 [10.5194/acp-15-10581-2015]

    Strode, S. A., J. M. Rodriguez, J. A. Logan, et al. O. R. Cooper, J. C. Witte, L. N. Lamsal, M. R. Damon, B. H. Van Aartsen, S. D. Steenrod, and S. E. Strahan. 2015. "Trends and variability in surface ozone over the United States." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120: [10.1002/2014JD022784]

    Strode, S. A., B. N. Duncan, E. A. Yegorova, et al. J. Kouatchou, J. R. Ziemke, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Implications of carbon monoxide bias for methane lifetime and atmospheric composition in chemistry climate models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15: 11789–11805 [10.5194/acp-15-11789-2015]

    Chin, M., T. L. Diehl, Q. Tan, et al. J. M. Prospero, R. A. Kahn, L. A. Remer, H. Yu, A. M. Sayer, H. Bian, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. N. Holben, S. G. Howell, B. J. Huebert, N.-Y. C. Hsu, D. Kim, T. L. Kucsera, R. C. Levy, M. I. Mishchenko, X. Pan, P. K. Quinn, G. L. Schuster, D. G. Streets, S. A. Strode, O. Torres, and W. Zhao. 2014. "Multi-decadal aerosol variations from 1980 to 2009: a perspective from observations and a global model." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14 (7): 3657-3690 [10.5194/acp-14-3657-2014]

    Bowman, K., D. Shindell, H. Worden, et al. J. F. Lamarque, P. J. Young, D. Stevenson, Z. Qu, M. de la Torre, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, R. Doherty, S. Dalsoren, G. Faluvegi, G. Folberth, L. W. Horowitz, B. Josse, Y. H. Lee, I. MacKenzie, G. Myhre, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, D. Plummer, S. Rumbold, R. Skeie, S. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, A. Voulgarakis, G. Zeng, S. Kulawik, and J. Worden. 2013. "Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (8): 4057-4072 [10.5194/acp-13-4057-2013]

    Kirschke, S., P. Bousquet, P. Ciais, et al. M. Saunois, J. G. Canadell, E. J. Dlugokencky, P. Bergamaschi, D. Bergmann, D. R. Blake, L. Bruhwiler, P. Cameron-Smith, S. Castaldi, F. Chevallier, L. Feng, A. Fraser, M. Heimann, E. L. Hodson, S. Houweling, B. Josse, P. J. Fraser, P. B. Krummel, J.-F. Lamarque, R. L. Langenfelds, C. Le Quere, V. Naik, S. ODoherty, P. I. Palmer, I. Pison, D. Plummer, B. Poulter, R. G. Prinn, M. Rigby, B. Ringeval, M. Santini, M. Schmidt, D. T. Shindell, I. J. Simpson, R. Spahni, L. P. Steele, S. A. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, G. R. van der Werf, A. Voulgarakis, M. van Weele, R. F. Weiss, J. E. Williams, and G. Zeng. 2013. "Three decades of global methane sources and sinks." Nature Geosci, 6 (10): 813-823 [10.1038/ngeo1955]

    Lamarque, J.-F., D. T. Shindell, B. Josse, et al. P. J. Young, I. Cionni, V. Eyring, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, R. Doherty, S. Dalsoren, G. Faluvegi, G. Folberth, S. J. Ghan, L. W. Horowitz, Y. H. Lee, I. A. MacKenzie, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, D. Plummer, M. Righi, S. Rumbold, M. Schulz, R. B. Skeie, D. S. Stevenson, S. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, A. Voulgarakis, and G. Zeng. 2013. "The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP): overview and description of models, simulations and climate diagnostics." Geosci. Model Dev., 6 (1): 179-206 [10.5194/gmd-6-179-2013]

    Naik, V., A. Voulgarakis, A. M. Fiore, et al. L. W. Horowitz, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Lin, M. J. Prather, P. J. Young, D. Bergmann, P. J. Cameron-Smith, I. Cionni, W. J. Collins, S. B. Dalsoren, R. Doherty, V. Eyring, G. Faluvegi, G. A. Folberth, B. Josse, Y. H. Lee, I. A. MacKenzie, T. Nagashima, T. P. van Noije, D. A. Plummer, M. Righi, S. T. Rumbold, R. Skeie, D. T. Shindell, D. S. Stevenson, S. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and G. Zeng. 2013. "Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP)." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (10): 5277-5298 [10.5194/acp-13-5277-2013]

    Stevenson, D. S., P. J. Young, V. Naik, et al. J.-F. Lamarque, D. T. Shindell, A. Voulgarakis, R. B. Skeie, S. B. Dalsoren, G. Myhre, T. K. Berntsen, G. A. Folberth, S. T. Rumbold, W. J. Collins, I. A. MacKenzie, R. M. Doherty, G. Zeng, T. P. van Noije, A. Strunk, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, D. A. Plummer, S. A. Strode, L. Horowitz, Y. H. Lee, S. Szopa, K. Sudo, T. Nagashima, B. Josse, I. Cionni, M. Righi, V. Eyring, A. Conley, K. W. Bowman, and O. Wild. 2013. "Tropospheric ozone changes, radiative forcing and attribution to emissions in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP)." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (6): 3063-3085 [10.5194/acp-13-3063-2013]

    Voulgarakis, A., V. Naik, J.-F. Lamarque, et al. D. T. Shindell, P. J. Young, M. J. Prather, O. Wild, R. D. Field, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, I. Cionni, W. J. Collins, S. B. Dalsoren, R. M. Doherty, V. Eyring, G. Faluvegi, G. A. Folberth, L. W. Horowitz, B. Josse, I. A. McKenzie, T. Nagashima, D. A. Plummer, M. Righi, S. T. Rumbold, D. S. Stevenson, S. A. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and G. Zeng. 2013. "Analysis of present day and future OH and methane lifetime in the ACCMIP simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (5): 2563-2587 [10.5194/acp-13-2563-2013]

    Young, P. J., A. T. Archibald, K. W. Bowman, et al. J.-F. Lamarque, V. Naik, D. S. Stevenson, S. Tilmes, A. Voulgarakis, O. Wild, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, I. Cionni, W. J. Collins, S. B. Dalsoren, R. M. Doherty, V. Eyring, G. Faluvegi, L. W. Horowitz, B. Josse, Y. H. Lee, I. A. MacKenzie, T. Nagashima, D. A. Plummer, M. Righi, S. T. Rumbold, R. B. Skeie, D. T. Shindell, S. A. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and G. Zeng. 2013. "Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP)." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (4): 2063-2090 [10.5194/acp-13-2063-2013]

    Strode, S. A., and S. Pawson. 2013. "Detection of carbon monoxide trends in the presence of interannual variability." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 118 ( 21): 12257-122 [10.1002/2013JD020258]

    Strode, S. A., L. E. Ott, S. Pawson, and T. Bowyer. 2012. "Emission and transport of cesium-137 from boreal biomass burning in the summer of 2010." JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 117: [10.1029/2011JD017382]

    Strode, S., L. Jaegle, and S. Emerson. 2010. "Vertical transport of anthropogenic mercury in the ocean." Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 24: GB4014 [10.1029/2009GB003728]

    Reidmiller, D. R., D. A. Jaffe, D. Chand, et al. S. Strode, P. C. Swartzendruber, G. M. Wolfe, and J. A. Thornton. 2009. "Interannual variability of long-range transport as seen at the Mt. Bachelor Observatory." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9: 557-572.

    Strode, S., L. Jaegle, and N. E. Selin. 2009. "Impact of mercury emissions from historic gold and silver mining: Global modeling." Atmos. Environ., 43: 2012-2017.

    Jaffe, D., and S. Strode. 2008. "Fate and Transport of Atmospheric Mercury from Asia." Environ. Chem., 5: 121 [10.1071/EN08010]

    Strode, S. A., L. Jaegle, D. A. Jaffe, et al. P. C. Swartzendruber, N. E. Selin, C. Holmes, and R. M. Yantosca. 2008. "Trans-Pacific transport of mercury." J. Geophys. Res., 113: D15305 [10.1029/2007JD009428]

    Strode, S., L. Jaegle, N. Selin, et al. D. J. Jacob, R. Park, R. Yantosca, R. P. Mason, and F. Slemr. 2007. "Air -sea exchange in the global mercury cycle." Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 21: GB1017 [10.1029/2006GB002766]

    Talks, Presentations and Posters

    Analysis of Ozone in Cloudy Versus Clear Sky Conditions

    1 / 13 / 2016

    This talk was given at the 2016 meeting of the American Meteorology Society (AMS).

    GMI Capabilities

    7 / 22 / 2015

    Presentation at the ATom Science Team Meeting

    Can the CCMI Simulations Reproduce the MOPITT CO Trends and Variability? 5 / 21 / 2014
    Talk at the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) Workshop at Lancaster University
    Attribution of Trends and Variability in Surface Ozone over the United States 12 / 10 / 2013
    Talk at the AGU meeting in San Francisco
    Implications of CO Bias for Ozone and Methane Lifetime in a CCM 5 / 15 / 2013
    Talk at the IGAC/SPARC Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) 2013 Science Workshop
    Transport of Cs-137 from boreal biomass burning in summer of 2010 12 / 16 / 2010
    Talk at the 2010 AGU meeting in San Francisco

    Brief Bio

    Sarah Strode received her Ph.D in Atmospheric Science from the University of Washington. Her thesis work focused on the air-sea exchange and global transport of mercury. Sarah came to Goddard in 2009. Her research focuses on the interactions between atmospheric chemistry and climate, trends in atmospheric pollutants, and global transport of trace gases. She uses GEOS-5 Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM) and the Global Modeling Initiative (GMI) Chemical Transport Model to analyze the trace gas distributions and trends seen in satellite, aircraft, and ground-based observations.  She is also involved in the Atmospheric Tomography Mission (ATom) and the Chemistry-Climate Modeling Initiative (CCMI).

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Prather, M. J., X. Zhu, C. M. Flynn, et al. S. A. Strode, J. M. Rodriguez, S. D. Steenrod, J. Liu, J.-F. Lamarque, A. M. Fiore, L. W. Horowitz, J. Mao, L. T. Murray, D. T. Shindell, and S. C. Wofsy. 2017. "Global atmospheric chemistry – which air matters." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (14): 9081-9102 [10.5194/acp-17-9081-2017]

    Ziemke, J. R., S. A. Strode, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Joiner, A. Vasilkov, L. D. Oman, J. Liu, S. E. Strahan, P. K. Bhartia, and D. P. Haffner. 2017. "A cloud-ozone data product from Aura OMI and MLS satellite measurements." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10 (11): 4067-4078 [10.5194/amt-10-4067-2017]

    Strode, S. A., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. M. Manyin, J. E. Nielsen, and L. D. Oman. 2017. "A Model and Satellite-Based Analysis of the Tropospheric Ozone Distribution in Clear Versus Convectively Cloudy Conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres [10.1002/2017jd027015]

    Elshorbany, Y. F., B. Duncan, S. Strode, J. Wang, and J. Kouatchou. 2016. "The description and validation of the computationally Efficient CH4–CO–OH (ECCOHv1.01) chemistry module for 3-D model applications ." Geoscientific Model Development 9 799-822 [doi:10.5194/gmd-9-799-2016]

    Strode, S. A., H. M. Worden, M. Damon, et al. A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, L. K. Emmons, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, J. M. Rodriguez, S. E. Strahan, and S. Tilmes. 2016. "Interpreting space-based trends in carbon monoxide with multiple models." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (11): 7285-7294 [10.5194/acp-16-7285-2016]

    Silva, R. A., J. J. West, J.-F. Lamarque, et al. D. T. Shindell, W. J. Collins, S. Dalsoren, G. Faluvegi, G. Folberth, L. W. Horowitz, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, S. T. Rumbold, K. Sudo, T. Takemura, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, I. Cionni, R. M. Doherty, V. Eyring, B. Josse, I. A. MacKenzie, D. Plummer, M. Righi, D. S. Stevenson, S. Strode, S. Szopa, and G. Zengast. 2016. "The effect of future ambient air pollution on human premature mortality to 2100 using output from the ACCMIP model ensemble." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (15): 9847-9862 [10.5194/acp-16-9847-2016]

    Flynn, C. M., K. E. Pickering, J. H. Crawford, et al. A. J. Weinheimer, G. Diskin, K. L. Thornhill, C. Loughner, P. Lee, and S. A. Strode. 2016. "Variability of O3 and NO2 profile shapes during DISCOVER-AQ: Implications for satellite observations and comparisons to model-simulated profiles." Atmospheric Environment 147 133-156 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.09.068]

    Schnell, J. L., M. J. Prather, B. Josse, et al. V. Naik, L. W. Horowitz, P. Cameron-Smith, D. Bergmann, G. Zeng, D. A. Plummer, K. Sudo, T. Nagashima, D. T. Shindell, G. S. Faluvegi, and S. A. Strode. 2015. "Use of North American and European air quality networks to evaluate global chemistry-climate modeling of surface ozone." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 10581-10596 [10.5194/acp-15-10581-2015]

    Strode, S. A., J. M. Rodriguez, J. A. Logan, et al. O. R. Cooper, J. C. Witte, L. N. Lamsal, M. R. Damon, B. H. Van Aartsen, S. D. Steenrod, and S. E. Strahan. 2015. "Trends and variability in surface ozone over the United States." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120 [10.1002/2014JD022784]

    Strode, S. A., B. N. Duncan, E. A. Yegorova, et al. J. Kouatchou, J. R. Ziemke, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Implications of carbon monoxide bias for methane lifetime and atmospheric composition in chemistry climate models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15 11789–11805 [10.5194/acp-15-11789-2015]

    Chin, M., T. L. Diehl, Q. Tan, et al. J. M. Prospero, R. A. Kahn, L. A. Remer, H. Yu, A. M. Sayer, H. Bian, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. N. Holben, S. G. Howell, B. J. Huebert, N.-Y. C. Hsu, D. Kim, T. L. Kucsera, R. C. Levy, M. I. Mishchenko, X. Pan, P. K. Quinn, G. L. Schuster, D. G. Streets, S. A. Strode, O. Torres, and W. Zhao. 2014. "Multi-decadal aerosol variations from 1980 to 2009: a perspective from observations and a global model." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14 (7): 3657-3690 [10.5194/acp-14-3657-2014]

    Bowman, K., D. Shindell, H. Worden, et al. J. F. Lamarque, P. J. Young, D. Stevenson, Z. Qu, M. de la Torre, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, R. Doherty, S. Dalsoren, G. Faluvegi, G. Folberth, L. W. Horowitz, B. Josse, Y. H. Lee, I. MacKenzie, G. Myhre, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, D. Plummer, S. Rumbold, R. Skeie, S. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, A. Voulgarakis, G. Zeng, S. Kulawik, and J. Worden. 2013. "Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (8): 4057-4072 [10.5194/acp-13-4057-2013]

    Kirschke, S., P. Bousquet, P. Ciais, et al. M. Saunois, J. G. Canadell, E. J. Dlugokencky, P. Bergamaschi, D. Bergmann, D. R. Blake, L. Bruhwiler, P. Cameron-Smith, S. Castaldi, F. Chevallier, L. Feng, A. Fraser, M. Heimann, E. L. Hodson, S. Houweling, B. Josse, P. J. Fraser, P. B. Krummel, J.-F. Lamarque, R. L. Langenfelds, C. Le Quere, V. Naik, S. ODoherty, P. I. Palmer, I. Pison, D. Plummer, B. Poulter, R. G. Prinn, M. Rigby, B. Ringeval, M. Santini, M. Schmidt, D. T. Shindell, I. J. Simpson, R. Spahni, L. P. Steele, S. A. Strode, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, G. R. van der Werf, A. Voulgarakis, M. van Weele, R. F. Weiss, J. E. Williams, and G. Zeng. 2013. "Three decades of global methane sources and sinks." Nature Geosci 6 (10): 813-823 [10.1038/ngeo1955]

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