Dr. Richard G Cosentino

Dr. Richard G Cosentino

  • RESEARCH SCIENTIST
  • 301.614.6566
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 690
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIV OF MARYLAND COLLEGE PARK
  • Research Interests

    gas giant / ice giant planet atmospheres - dynamics, waves, turbulence, convection, modeling - HST, VLA and ALMA observations of gas giant planet atmospheres - OSIRIS-REx mission - instrumentation development for solar system exploration

    Current Projects

    OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer)

    The OSIRIS-REx (Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) is a NASA asteroid study and sample-return mission. The mission's main goal is to obtain a sample of at least 60 grams (2.1 oz) from 101955 Bennu, a carbonaceous near-Earth asteroid, and return the sample to Earth for a detailed analysis. The material returned is expected to enable scientists to learn more about the formation and evolution of the Solar System, its initial stages of planet formation, and the source of organic compounds that led to the formation of life on Earth. If successful, OSIRIS-REx will be the first U.S. spacecraft to return samples from an asteroid. The Lidar instrument used aboard the OSIRIS-REx was built by Lockheed Martin, in conjunction with the Canadian Space Agency.

    Jupiter's Turbulent Power Spectra from Hubble Space Telescope

    The major science objectives of the Juno mission include studying and characterizing the deep interior of Jupiter. From this, we will learn about the structure of the interior and how it correlates to Jupiter's upper cloud layers. Convection is a mechanism that vertically transports energy from depth upwards to create clouds, waves, gyres, and storms that pump energy into driving global weather patterns on Jupiter. We still do not understand however the coupling from the Jovian deep interior to the upper cloud layers. Turbulence is the chaotic by-product of convection in a highly dynamic atmosphere, and for Jupiter, sometimes manifests itself as swirling patterns of red, orange and white. There is information embedded within the atmosphere about the dominating nature of turbulence in the clouds and their motion as observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. By quantifying the turbulent properties of an atmosphere, the nature of processes behind its genesis are revealed. If convection is the main source of energy driving Jupiter's turbulent atmosphere, studying these coupled processes with observations and numerical models can reveal insight into the deeper regions of Jupiter and how the planet is releasing energy left over from its formation.

    Tropospheric-Stratospheric Coupling in Gas Giant Planet Atmospheres

    Observations of convective events happening deeper in a planet's atmosphere and how they effect upper atmospheric regions; TEXES observations from IRTF at Mauna Kea.  General Circulation Modeling of winds and waves to re-produce observed behaviors, trends, and properties.

    Education

    Ph.D. in Physics, Dissertation in Astrophysics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Socorro, NM; February 2017.

    B.S. in Electrical Engineering, State University of New York - Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; February 2005.

    B.S. in Engineering Physics, State University of New York - Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; February 2005.

    Positions/Employment

    4/2019 - Present

    Postdoctoral Research Associate

    University of Maryland Department of Astronomy - CRESST-II, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD
    4/2017 - 4/2017

    NASA Postdoctoral Program - Fellow

    University Space Research Associates (USRA), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD

    Publications

    Refereed

    Simon, A., K. Donaldson Hanna, C. Drouet d’Aubigny, et al. G. Poggiali, J. Emery, J. Brucato, R. Cosentino, D. Reuter, D. Golish, D. DellaGiustina, A. Lunsford, N. Gorius, P. Smith, and D. Lauretta. 2019. "OSIRIS‐REx visible and near‐infrared observations of the Moon." Geophysical Research Letters, 46: 2019GL083341 [10.1029/2019gl083341]

    Cosentino, R. G., A. Simon, and R. Morales‐Juberías. 2019. "Jupiter's Turbulent Power Spectra from Hubble Space Telescope." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 124: 2018JE005762 [10.1029/2018je005762]

    Simon, A. A., D. Reuter, N. J. Gorius, et al. A. W. Lunsford, R. Cosentino, G. Wind, D. Lauretta, and O.-R. Team. 2018. "In-Flight Calibration and Performance of the OSIRIS-REx Visible and IR Spectrometer (OVIRS)." Remote Sensing, 10 (9): 1486 [10.3390/rs10091486]

    Simon, A. A., R. Hueso, P. Iñurrigarro, et al. A. Sánchez-Lavega, R. Morales-Juberías, R. Cosentino, L. N. Fletcher, M. H. Wong, A. I. Hsu, I. D. Pater, G. S. Orton, F. Colas, M. Delcroix, D. Peach, and J.-M. Gómez-Forrellad. 2018. "A New, Long-lived, Jupiter Mesoscale Wave Observed at Visible Wavelengths." The Astronomical Journal, 156 (2): 79 [10.3847/1538-3881/aacaf5]

    Johnson, P. E., R. Morales-Juberías, A. Simon, et al. P. Gaulme, M. H. Wong, and R. G. Cosentino. 2018. "Longitudinal variability in Jupiter's zonal winds derived from multi-wavelength HST observations." Planetary and Space Science, 155: 2-11 [10.1016/j.pss.2018.01.004]

    Simon, A. A., F. Tabataba-Vakili, R. Cosentino, et al. R. F. Beebe, M. H. Wong, and G. S. Orton. 2018. "Historical and Contemporary Trends in the Size, Drift, and Color of Jupiter's Great Red Spot." The Astronomical Journal, 155 (4): 151 [10.3847/1538-3881/aaae01]

    Cosentino, R. G., R. Morales-Juberías, T. Greathouse, et al. G. Orton, P. Johnson, L. N. Fletcher, and A. A. Simon. 2017. "New Observations and Modeling of Jupiter's Quasi-Quadrennial Oscillation." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 122: [10.1002/2017je005342]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy, 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Cosentino, R. G., B. Butler, B. Sault, et al. R. Morales-Juberías, A. Simon, and I. de Pater. 2017. "Atmospheric waves and dynamics beneath Jupiter’s clouds from radio wavelength observations." Icarus, 292: 168-181 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.01.006]

    Tollefson, J., M. H. Wong, I. D. Pater, et al. A. A. Simon, G. S. Orton, J. H. Rogers, S. K. Atreya, R. G. Cosentino, W. Januszewski, R. Morales-Juberías, and P. S. Marcus. 2017. "Changes in Jupiter’s Zonal Wind Profile preceding and during the Juno mission." Icarus, 296: 163-178 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.06.007]

    Cosentino, R. G., A. A. Simon, R. Morales-Juberias, and K. Sayanagi. 2015. "Observations and Numerical Modeling of the Jovian Ribbon." Astrophys. J. Letters, 810: L10 [10.1088/2041-8205/810/1/L10]

    Morales-Juberias, R., K. Sayanagi, A. A. Simon, L. Fletcher, and R. E. Cosentino. 2015. "Meandering Shallow Atmospheric Jet as a Model of Saturn’s North-Polar Hexagon." Astrophysical Journal Letters, 806: L18 [10.1088/2041-8205/806/1/L18]

    Other Professional Information

    Jupiter Turbulence Study Archive - https://archive.stsci.edu/prepds/jtps/

    Jupiter's QQO Press Release - https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/nasa-solves-how-a-jupiter-jet-stream-shifts-into-reverse

    Great Red Spot Vortex Stretching Press Release - https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/jupiters-great-red-spot-getting-taller-as-it-shrinks

    Professional Societies

    American Astronomical Society - Division of Planetary Sciences, 2014 - Present

    Publications

    Refereed

    Simon, A., K. Donaldson Hanna, C. Drouet d’Aubigny, et al. G. Poggiali, J. Emery, J. Brucato, R. Cosentino, D. Reuter, D. Golish, D. DellaGiustina, A. Lunsford, N. Gorius, P. Smith, and D. Lauretta. 2019. "OSIRIS‐REx visible and near‐infrared observations of the Moon." Geophysical Research Letters 46 2019GL083341 [10.1029/2019gl083341]

    Cosentino, R. G., A. Simon, and R. Morales‐Juberías. 2019. "Jupiter's Turbulent Power Spectra from Hubble Space Telescope." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 124 2018JE005762 [10.1029/2018je005762]

    Simon, A. A., D. Reuter, N. J. Gorius, et al. A. W. Lunsford, R. Cosentino, G. Wind, D. Lauretta, and O.-R. Team. 2018. "In-Flight Calibration and Performance of the OSIRIS-REx Visible and IR Spectrometer (OVIRS)." Remote Sensing 10 (9): 1486 [10.3390/rs10091486]

    Simon, A. A., R. Hueso, P. Iñurrigarro, et al. A. Sánchez-Lavega, R. Morales-Juberías, R. Cosentino, L. N. Fletcher, M. H. Wong, A. I. Hsu, I. D. Pater, G. S. Orton, F. Colas, M. Delcroix, D. Peach, and J.-M. Gómez-Forrellad. 2018. "A New, Long-lived, Jupiter Mesoscale Wave Observed at Visible Wavelengths." The Astronomical Journal 156 (2): 79 [10.3847/1538-3881/aacaf5]

    Johnson, P. E., R. Morales-Juberías, A. Simon, et al. P. Gaulme, M. H. Wong, and R. G. Cosentino. 2018. "Longitudinal variability in Jupiter's zonal winds derived from multi-wavelength HST observations." Planetary and Space Science 155 2-11 [10.1016/j.pss.2018.01.004]

    Simon, A. A., F. Tabataba-Vakili, R. Cosentino, et al. R. F. Beebe, M. H. Wong, and G. S. Orton. 2018. "Historical and Contemporary Trends in the Size, Drift, and Color of Jupiter's Great Red Spot." The Astronomical Journal 155 (4): 151 [10.3847/1538-3881/aaae01]

    Cosentino, R. G., R. Morales-Juberías, T. Greathouse, et al. G. Orton, P. Johnson, L. N. Fletcher, and A. A. Simon. 2017. "New Observations and Modeling of Jupiter's Quasi-Quadrennial Oscillation." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 122 [10.1002/2017je005342]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Cosentino, R. G., B. Butler, B. Sault, et al. R. Morales-Juberías, A. Simon, and I. de Pater. 2017. "Atmospheric waves and dynamics beneath Jupiter’s clouds from radio wavelength observations." Icarus 292 168-181 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.01.006]

    Tollefson, J., M. H. Wong, I. D. Pater, et al. A. A. Simon, G. S. Orton, J. H. Rogers, S. K. Atreya, R. G. Cosentino, W. Januszewski, R. Morales-Juberías, and P. S. Marcus. 2017. "Changes in Jupiter’s Zonal Wind Profile preceding and during the Juno mission." Icarus 296 163-178 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.06.007]

    Cosentino, R. G., A. A. Simon, R. Morales-Juberias, and K. Sayanagi. 2015. "Observations and Numerical Modeling of the Jovian Ribbon." Astrophys. J. Letters 810 L10 [10.1088/2041-8205/810/1/L10]

    Morales-Juberias, R., K. Sayanagi, A. A. Simon, L. Fletcher, and R. E. Cosentino. 2015. "Meandering Shallow Atmospheric Jet as a Model of Saturn’s North-Polar Hexagon." Astrophysical Journal Letters 806 L18 [10.1088/2041-8205/806/1/L18]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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