Dr. Peter R Young

Dr. Peter R Young

  • RESEARCH ASTROPHYSICIST
  • 301.286.4958
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 671
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr Young grew up in the town of Amble in England and read Mathematics at Cambridge University. After completing Part III of the Maths Tripos he obtained a PhD working with Dr Helen Mason at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. His thesis title was "EUV Spectroscopy of Solar and Stellar Atmospheres". Following a postdoctoral position at Cambridge he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to work at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics with Dr Andrea Dupree on the analysis of stellar spectra from the FUSE mission. Dr Young returned to England to take up a position at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory where he was the SOHO/CDS Project Scientist and the RAL Project Manager for Hinode/EIS. In 2008 he moved back to the USA to join the Hinode/EIS team at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC, where he was employed by George Mason University. In 2015 he moved to the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and in 2018 he became a civil servant with NASA.

    Dr Young has published over 100 articles that have received more than 7000 citations, and he has a h-index of 40. A full publication list is available.

    Positions/Employment

    2018 - Present

    Research Astrophysicist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
    2016 - Present

    Visiting Professor

    University of Northumbria, Newcastle, United Kingdom
    2018 - Present

    Affiliate Faculty

    George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030
    2015 - 2018

    Research Professor

    George Mason University, Fairfax, VA

    (based at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)

    2008 - 2015

    Research Professor

    George Mason University, Fairfax, VA (based at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory)
    2002 - 2008

    Solar Physicist

    Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, United Kingdom
    1999 - 2002

    Astrophysicist

    Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA
    1998 - 1999

    Postdoctoral Research Associate

    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

    Education

    1998, PhD, University of Cambridge
    1996, MA, University of Cambridge
    1993, Certificate of Advanced Study in Mathematics, University of Cambridge
    1992, BA, University of Cambridge

    Professional Societies

    Royal Astronomical Society , 2003 - Present
    American Astronomical Society, 2008 - Present
    American Geophysical Union, 2014 - Present
    International Astronomical Union, 2015 - Present

    Professional Service

    Secretary of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society (2019-present)

    Awards

    • Group Achievement Award for the CHIANTI atomic database, Royal Astronomical Society, 2010
    • Group Achievement Award for the Hinode/EIS mission, Royal Astronomical Society, 2015
    • NASA Goddard Heliophysics Division Peer Award, 2016

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Peter, H., Y.-M. Huang, L. P. Chitta, and P. R. Young. 2019. "Plasmoid-mediated reconnection in solar UV bursts." Astronomy & Astrophysics, 628: A8 [10.1051/0004-6361/201935820]

    Dere, K. P., G. D. Zanna, P. R. Young, E. Landi, and R. S. Sutherland. 2019. "CHIANTI—An Atomic Database for Emission Lines. XV. Version 9, Improvements for the X-Ray Satellite Lines." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 241 (2): 22 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab05cf]

    Guglielmino, S. L., P. R. Young, and F. Zuccarello. 2019. "IRIS Observations of Magnetic Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere between Preexisting and Emerging Magnetic Fields. II. UV Emission Properties." The Astrophysical Journal, 871 (1): 82 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf79d]

    Kerr, G. S., M. Carlsson, J. C. Allred, P. R. Young, and A. N. Daw. 2019. "SI iv Resonance Line Emission during Solar Flares: Non-LTE, Nonequilibrium, Radiation Transfer Simulations." The Astrophysical Journal, 871 (1): 23 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf46e]

    Young, P. R., H. Tian, H. Peter, et al. R. J. Rutten, C. J. Nelson, Z. Huang, B. Schmieder, G. J. Vissers, S. Toriumi, L. H. van der Voort, M. S. Madjarska, S. Danilovic, A. Berlicki, L. P. Chitta, M. C. Cheung, C. Madsen, K. P. Reardon, Y. Katsukawa, and P. Heinzel. 2018. "Solar Ultraviolet Bursts." Space Science Reviews, 214 (8): 120 [10.1007/s11214-018-0551-0]

    Snow, B., G. J. Botha, E. Scullion, et al. J. A. McLaughlin, P. R. Young, and S. A. Jaeggli. 2018. "Predictions of DKIST/DL-NIRSP Observations for an Off-limb Kink-unstable Coronal Loop." The Astrophysical Journal, 863 (2): 172 [10.3847/1538-4357/aad3bc]

    Young, P. R., F. P. Keenan, R. O. Milligan, and H. Peter. 2018. "A Si iv/O iv Electron Density Diagnostic for the Analysis of IRIS Solar Spectra." The Astrophysical Journal, 857 (1): 5 [10.3847/1538-4357/aab556]

    Guglielmino, S. L., F. Zuccarello, P. R. Young, M. Murabito, and P. Romano. 2018. "IRIS Observations of Magnetic Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere between Preexisting and Emerging Magnetic Fields. I. Overall Evolution." The Astrophysical Journal, 856 (2): 127 [10.3847/1538-4357/aab2a8]

    Young, P. R. 2018. "Element Abundance Ratios in the Quiet Sun Transition Region." The Astrophysical Journal, 855 (1): 15 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaab48]

    Tian, H., V. Yurchyshyn, H. Peter, et al. S. K. Solanki, P. R. Young, L. Ni, W. Cao, K. Ji, Y. Zhu, J. Zhang, T. Samanta, Y. Song, J. He, L. Wang, and Y. Chen. 2018. "Frequently Occurring Reconnection Jets from Sunspot Light Bridges." The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (2): 92 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaa89d]

    Ugarte-Urra, I., H. P. Warren, L. A. Upton, and P. R. Young. 2017. "Modeling Coronal Response in Decaying Active Regions with Magnetic Flux Transport and Steady Heating." The Astrophysical Journal, 846 (2): 165 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa8597]

    Chitta, L. P., H. Peter, P. R. Young, and Y.-M. Huang. 2017. "Compact solar UV burst triggered in a magnetic field with a fan-spine topology." Astronomy & Astrophysics, 605: A49 [10.1051/0004-6361/201730830]

    Dudík, J., E. Dzifčáková, N. Meyer-Vernet, et al. G. Del Zanna, P. R. Young, A. Giunta, B. Sylwester, J. Sylwester, M. Oka, H. E. Mason, C. Vocks, L. Matteini, S. Krucker, D. R. Williams, and Š. Mackovjak. 2017. "Nonequilibrium Processes in the Solar Corona, Transition Region, Flares, and Solar Wind (Invited Review)." Solar Physics, 292 (8): 100 [10.1007/s11207-017-1125-0]

    Snow, B., G. J. Botha, S. Régnier, et al. R. J. Morton, E. Verwichte, and P. R. Young. 2017. "Observational Signatures of a Kink-unstable Coronal Flux Rope Using Hinode/EIS." The Astrophysical Journal, 842 (1): 16 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6d0e]

    Doschek, G. A., H. P. Warren, and P. R. Young. 2016. "THE ELECTRON DENSITY IN EXPLOSIVE TRANSITION REGION EVENTS OBSERVED BY IRIS." The Astrophysical Journal, 832 (1): 77 [10.3847/0004-637x/832/1/77]

    Raouafi, N. E., S. Patsourakos, E. Pariat, et al. P. R. Young, A. C. Sterling, A. Savcheva, M. Shimojo, F. Moreno-Insertis, C. R. DeVore, V. Archontis, T. Török, H. Mason, W. Curdt, K. Meyer, K. Dalmasse, and Y. Matsui. 2016. "Solar Coronal Jets: Observations, Theory, and Modeling." Space Science Reviews, 201: 1 [10.1007/s11214-016-0260-5]

    Tian, H., P. R. Young, K. K. Reeves, et al. T. Wang, P. Antolin, B. Chen, and J. He. 2016. "GLOBAL SAUSAGE OSCILLATION OF SOLAR FLARE LOOPS DETECTED BY THEINTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH." The Astrophysical Journal, 823 (1): L16 [10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/l16]

    Young, P. R., K. P. Dere, E. Landi, G. D. Zanna, and H. E. Mason. 2016. "The CHIANTI atomic database." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 49 (7): 074009 [10.1088/0953-4075/49/7/074009]

    Chitta, L. P., H. Peter, and P. R. Young. 2016. "A closer look at a coronal loop rooted in a sunspot umbra." A&A, 587: A20 [10.1051/0004-6361/201527340]

    Ko, Y.-K., P. R. Young, K. Muglach, H. P. Warren, and I. Ugarte-Urra. 2016. "Correlation of Coronal Plasma Properties and Solar Magnetic Field in a Decaying Active Region." The Astrophysical Journal, 826 (2): 126.

    Del Zanna, G., K. P. Dere, P. R. Young, E. Landi, and H. E. Mason. 2015. "CHIANTI – An atomic database for emission lines. Version 8." A&A, 582: A56 [10.1051/0004-6361/201526827]

    Kleint, L., M. Battaglia, K. Reardon, et al. A. S. Dalda, P. R. Young, and S. Krucker. 2015. "THE FAST FILAMENT ERUPTION LEADING TO THE X-FLARE ON 2014 MARCH 29." The Astrophysical Journal, 806 (1): 9 [10.1088/0004-637x/806/1/9]

    Young, P. R. 2015. "DARK JETS IN SOLAR CORONAL HOLES." The Astrophysical Journal, 801 (2): 124 [10.1088/0004-637x/801/2/124]

    Young, P. R., H. Tian, and S. Jaeggli. 2015. "THE 2014 MARCH 29 X-FLARE: SUBARCSECOND RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF Fe XXI λ1354.1." The Astrophysical Journal, 799 (2): 218 [10.1088/0004-637x/799/2/218]

    Tian, H., P. Young, K. Reeves, et al. B. Chen, W. Liu, and S. McKillop. 2015. "Temporal evolution of chromospheric evaporation: case studies of the M1.1 flare on 2014 September 6 and X1.6 flare on 2014 September 10." The Astrophysical Journal, 811: 139 [10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/139]

    Young, P. R., and K. Muglach. 2014. "A coronal hole jet observed with Hinode and the Solar Dynamics Observatory." Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 66 (SP1): S12 [10.1093/pasj/psu088]

    Ko, Y.-K., K. Muglach, Y.-M. Wang, P. R. Young, and S. T. Lepri. 2014. "TEMPORAL EVOLUTION OF SOLAR WIND ION COMPOSITION AND THEIR SOURCE CORONAL HOLES DURING THE DECLINING PHASE OF CYCLE 23. I. LOW-LATITUDE EXTENSION OF POLAR CORONAL HOLES." The Astrophysical Journal, 787 (2): 121 [10.1088/0004-637x/787/2/121]

    Young, P. R., and K. Muglach. 2014. "Solar Dynamics Observatory and Hinode Observations of a Blowout Jet in a Coronal Hole." Sol Phys, 289 (9): 3313-3329 [10.1007/s11207-014-0484-z]

    Patsourakos, S., J. A. Klimchuk, and P. R. Young. 2014. "CORE AND WING DENSITIES OF ASYMMETRIC CORONAL SPECTRAL PROFILES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MASS SUPPLY OF THE SOLAR CORONA." ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 781: [10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/58]

    Wang, Y.-M., P. R. Young, and K. Muglach. 2014. "Evidence for Two Separate Heliospheric Current Sheets of Cylindrical Shape During Mid-2012." The Astrophysical Journal, 780: [103-10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/103]

    Brief Bio

    Dr Young grew up in the town of Amble in England and read Mathematics at Cambridge University. After completing Part III of the Maths Tripos he obtained a PhD working with Dr Helen Mason at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. His thesis title was "EUV Spectroscopy of Solar and Stellar Atmospheres". Following a postdoctoral position at Cambridge he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to work at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics with Dr Andrea Dupree on the analysis of stellar spectra from the FUSE mission. Dr Young returned to England to take up a position at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory where he was the SOHO/CDS Project Scientist and the RAL Project Manager for Hinode/EIS. In 2008 he moved back to the USA to join the Hinode/EIS team at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC, where he was employed by George Mason University. In 2015 he moved to the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and in 2018 he became a civil servant with NASA.

    Dr Young has published over 100 articles that have received more than 7000 citations, and he has a h-index of 40. A full publication list is available.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Peter, H., Y.-M. Huang, L. P. Chitta, and P. R. Young. 2019. "Plasmoid-mediated reconnection in solar UV bursts." Astronomy & Astrophysics 628 A8 [10.1051/0004-6361/201935820]

    Dere, K. P., G. D. Zanna, P. R. Young, E. Landi, and R. S. Sutherland. 2019. "CHIANTI—An Atomic Database for Emission Lines. XV. Version 9, Improvements for the X-Ray Satellite Lines." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 241 (2): 22 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab05cf]

    Guglielmino, S. L., P. R. Young, and F. Zuccarello. 2019. "IRIS Observations of Magnetic Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere between Preexisting and Emerging Magnetic Fields. II. UV Emission Properties." The Astrophysical Journal 871 (1): 82 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf79d]

    Kerr, G. S., M. Carlsson, J. C. Allred, P. R. Young, and A. N. Daw. 2019. "SI iv Resonance Line Emission during Solar Flares: Non-LTE, Nonequilibrium, Radiation Transfer Simulations." The Astrophysical Journal 871 (1): 23 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf46e]

    Young, P. R., H. Tian, H. Peter, et al. R. J. Rutten, C. J. Nelson, Z. Huang, B. Schmieder, G. J. Vissers, S. Toriumi, L. H. van der Voort, M. S. Madjarska, S. Danilovic, A. Berlicki, L. P. Chitta, M. C. Cheung, C. Madsen, K. P. Reardon, Y. Katsukawa, and P. Heinzel. 2018. "Solar Ultraviolet Bursts." Space Science Reviews 214 (8): 120 [10.1007/s11214-018-0551-0]

    Snow, B., G. J. Botha, E. Scullion, et al. J. A. McLaughlin, P. R. Young, and S. A. Jaeggli. 2018. "Predictions of DKIST/DL-NIRSP Observations for an Off-limb Kink-unstable Coronal Loop." The Astrophysical Journal 863 (2): 172 [10.3847/1538-4357/aad3bc]

    Young, P. R., F. P. Keenan, R. O. Milligan, and H. Peter. 2018. "A Si iv/O iv Electron Density Diagnostic for the Analysis of IRIS Solar Spectra." The Astrophysical Journal 857 (1): 5 [10.3847/1538-4357/aab556]

    Guglielmino, S. L., F. Zuccarello, P. R. Young, M. Murabito, and P. Romano. 2018. "IRIS Observations of Magnetic Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere between Preexisting and Emerging Magnetic Fields. I. Overall Evolution." The Astrophysical Journal 856 (2): 127 [10.3847/1538-4357/aab2a8]

    Young, P. R. 2018. "Element Abundance Ratios in the Quiet Sun Transition Region." The Astrophysical Journal 855 (1): 15 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaab48]

    Tian, H., V. Yurchyshyn, H. Peter, et al. S. K. Solanki, P. R. Young, L. Ni, W. Cao, K. Ji, Y. Zhu, J. Zhang, T. Samanta, Y. Song, J. He, L. Wang, and Y. Chen. 2018. "Frequently Occurring Reconnection Jets from Sunspot Light Bridges." The Astrophysical Journal 854 (2): 92 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaa89d]

    Ugarte-Urra, I., H. P. Warren, L. A. Upton, and P. R. Young. 2017. "Modeling Coronal Response in Decaying Active Regions with Magnetic Flux Transport and Steady Heating." The Astrophysical Journal 846 (2): 165 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa8597]

    Chitta, L. P., H. Peter, P. R. Young, and Y.-M. Huang. 2017. "Compact solar UV burst triggered in a magnetic field with a fan-spine topology." Astronomy & Astrophysics 605 A49 [10.1051/0004-6361/201730830]

    Dudík, J., E. Dzifčáková, N. Meyer-Vernet, et al. G. Del Zanna, P. R. Young, A. Giunta, B. Sylwester, J. Sylwester, M. Oka, H. E. Mason, C. Vocks, L. Matteini, S. Krucker, D. R. Williams, and Š. Mackovjak. 2017. "Nonequilibrium Processes in the Solar Corona, Transition Region, Flares, and Solar Wind (Invited Review)." Solar Physics 292 (8): 100 [10.1007/s11207-017-1125-0]

    Snow, B., G. J. Botha, S. Régnier, et al. R. J. Morton, E. Verwichte, and P. R. Young. 2017. "Observational Signatures of a Kink-unstable Coronal Flux Rope Using Hinode/EIS." The Astrophysical Journal 842 (1): 16 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6d0e]

    Doschek, G. A., H. P. Warren, and P. R. Young. 2016. "THE ELECTRON DENSITY IN EXPLOSIVE TRANSITION REGION EVENTS OBSERVED BY IRIS." The Astrophysical Journal 832 (1): 77 [10.3847/0004-637x/832/1/77]

    Raouafi, N. E., S. Patsourakos, E. Pariat, et al. P. R. Young, A. C. Sterling, A. Savcheva, M. Shimojo, F. Moreno-Insertis, C. R. DeVore, V. Archontis, T. Török, H. Mason, W. Curdt, K. Meyer, K. Dalmasse, and Y. Matsui. 2016. "Solar Coronal Jets: Observations, Theory, and Modeling." Space Science Reviews 201 1 [10.1007/s11214-016-0260-5]

    Tian, H., P. R. Young, K. K. Reeves, et al. T. Wang, P. Antolin, B. Chen, and J. He. 2016. "GLOBAL SAUSAGE OSCILLATION OF SOLAR FLARE LOOPS DETECTED BY THEINTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH." The Astrophysical Journal 823 (1): L16 [10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/l16]

    Young, P. R., K. P. Dere, E. Landi, G. D. Zanna, and H. E. Mason. 2016. "The CHIANTI atomic database." Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 49 (7): 074009 [10.1088/0953-4075/49/7/074009]

    Chitta, L. P., H. Peter, and P. R. Young. 2016. "A closer look at a coronal loop rooted in a sunspot umbra." A&A 587 A20 [10.1051/0004-6361/201527340]

    Ko, Y.-K., P. R. Young, K. Muglach, H. P. Warren, and I. Ugarte-Urra. 2016. "Correlation of Coronal Plasma Properties and Solar Magnetic Field in a Decaying Active Region." The Astrophysical Journal 826 (2): 126

    Del Zanna, G., K. P. Dere, P. R. Young, E. Landi, and H. E. Mason. 2015. "CHIANTI – An atomic database for emission lines. Version 8." A&A 582 A56 [10.1051/0004-6361/201526827]

    Kleint, L., M. Battaglia, K. Reardon, et al. A. S. Dalda, P. R. Young, and S. Krucker. 2015. "THE FAST FILAMENT ERUPTION LEADING TO THE X-FLARE ON 2014 MARCH 29." The Astrophysical Journal 806 (1): 9 [10.1088/0004-637x/806/1/9]

    Young, P. R. 2015. "DARK JETS IN SOLAR CORONAL HOLES." The Astrophysical Journal 801 (2): 124 [10.1088/0004-637x/801/2/124]

    Young, P. R., H. Tian, and S. Jaeggli. 2015. "THE 2014 MARCH 29 X-FLARE: SUBARCSECOND RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF Fe XXI λ1354.1." The Astrophysical Journal 799 (2): 218 [10.1088/0004-637x/799/2/218]

    Tian, H., P. Young, K. Reeves, et al. B. Chen, W. Liu, and S. McKillop. 2015. "Temporal evolution of chromospheric evaporation: case studies of the M1.1 flare on 2014 September 6 and X1.6 flare on 2014 September 10." The Astrophysical Journal 811 139 [10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/139]

    Young, P. R., and K. Muglach. 2014. "A coronal hole jet observed with Hinode and the Solar Dynamics Observatory." Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan 66 (SP1): S12 [10.1093/pasj/psu088]

    Ko, Y.-K., K. Muglach, Y.-M. Wang, P. R. Young, and S. T. Lepri. 2014. "TEMPORAL EVOLUTION OF SOLAR WIND ION COMPOSITION AND THEIR SOURCE CORONAL HOLES DURING THE DECLINING PHASE OF CYCLE 23. I. LOW-LATITUDE EXTENSION OF POLAR CORONAL HOLES." The Astrophysical Journal 787 (2): 121 [10.1088/0004-637x/787/2/121]

    Young, P. R., and K. Muglach. 2014. "Solar Dynamics Observatory and Hinode Observations of a Blowout Jet in a Coronal Hole." Sol Phys 289 (9): 3313-3329 [10.1007/s11207-014-0484-z]

    Patsourakos, S., J. A. Klimchuk, and P. R. Young. 2014. "CORE AND WING DENSITIES OF ASYMMETRIC CORONAL SPECTRAL PROFILES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MASS SUPPLY OF THE SOLAR CORONA." ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 781 [10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/58]

    Wang, Y.-M., P. R. Young, and K. Muglach. 2014. "Evidence for Two Separate Heliospheric Current Sheets of Cylindrical Shape During Mid-2012." The Astrophysical Journal 780 [103-10.1088/0004-637X/780/1/103]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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