Oreste Reale

Oreste Reale

  • CHIEF SCIENTIST
  • 301.614.6254
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.1
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: SCIENCE SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS INC
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Oreste Reale received his Laurea in geophysical engineering from the University of Trieste, Italy, in 1990, and his Ph.D. in Meteorology from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1996. Dr. Reale worked in Italy from 1996 to 1999 contributing to the development of a meteo-hydrological operational center in Genoa, Italy, and then moved to the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Maryland, in 1999.

    In 2001 he joined NASA Goddard through the cooperative agreement GEST, led by UMBC.  In 2011, he continued working at Goddard through USRA, in the successor cooperative agreement GESTAR. In GESTAR, he become  Senior Scientist and Group Lead,  Associate Director in 2015, and finally served as Director of GESTAR from February 16th, 2019 to November 30th, 2021.

    Dr. Reale was appointed Chief Scientist of SSAI on December 1st, 2021.

    Dr. Reale's research interest include atmospheric dynamics, synoptic-dynamic meteorology, tropical meteorology, data impact studies, and assimilation of hyper spectral infrared radiances with particular emphasis on the improvement of tropical cyclone analysis and forecast. He has been member of the NASA Sounder Science Team since 2011, as PI of three grants (2011-2015; 2015-2018; 2018-current), focused on the assimilation of AIRS and CrIS cloud-cleared radiances in the GEOS system. Previously, Dr. Reale was PI of a 3-year NASA grant on Observing System Simulation Experiments (2006-2009), and co-I of NASA grants on the African Monsoon (2007-2009), on Calipso-CloudSat (2010-2014), and on long-term predictability of tropical cyclones (2011-2014). Other scientific interests include the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere and observing system simulation experiments for Mars.

    Research Interests

    Current Funded Projects

    Dr. Reale is member of the NASA Sounder Science Team and Principal Investigator of a funded NASA grant to study the impact of AIRS and CrIS data on tropical cyclone forecasting within a global data assimilation and forecast framework.

    Dr. Reale is also involved in the monitoring, evaluation and validation efforts within the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Research interests include atmospheric dynamics, tropical cyclones, synoptic-dynamic meteorology, data impact and data sensitivity studies, extreme precipitation forecasting, general circulation of the Martian atmosphere and observing system simulation experiments for Mars.

     

    Positions/Employment

    12/2021 - Present

    Chief Scientist

    SSAI, Greenbelt, Maryland
    2/2019 - 11/2021

    GESTAR, Director

    USRA, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
    2015 - 2/2019

    GESTAR, Associate Director

    USRA, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
    2011 - 2015

    GESTAR, Senior Scientist, Group Lead

    USRA, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland
    2001 - 2011

    Research Scientist

    GEST/UMBC, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

    Awards

    2018 Recipient of the "USRA Manager of the Year" Award

    2011 UMD Distinguished Alumnus Awardee for the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park

    2005 Recipient of the Outstanding Performance Award from the Laboratory for Atmospheres at the NASA GSFC

    2004 Recipient of the Outstanding Performance Award from the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office/Sounding Research Team at the NASA GSFC

    2002 Recipient of the Outstanding Performance Award from the Data Assimilation Office/Sounding Research Team, in the Laboratory for Atmospheres at the NASA GSFC

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Ganeshan, M., O. Reale, E. McGrath-Spangler, and N. Boukachaba. 2022. "Impact of assimilating adaptively thinned AIRS cloud-cleared radiances on the analysis of Polar Lows and Mediterranean Sea Tropical-like Cyclone in a global modeling and data assimilation framework." Weather and Forecasting, [10.1175/waf-d-21-0068.1]

    McGrath‐Spangler, E. L., M. Ganeshan, O. Reale, et al. N. Boukachaba, W. McCarty, and R. Gelaro. 2021. "Sensitivity of low tropospheric Arctic temperatures to assimilation of AIRS cloud‐cleared radiances: Impact on mid‐latitude waves." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 147 (741): 4032-4047 [10.1002/qj.4166]

    Reale, O., E. L. McGrath-Spangler, W. McCarty, D. Holdaway, and R. Gelaro. 2018. "Impact of adaptively thinned AIRS cloud-cleared radiances on tropical cyclone representation in a global data assimilation and forecast system." Weather and Forecasting, 33 (4): 908-931 [10.1175/waf-d-17-0175.1]

    Reale, O., D. Achuthavarier, M. Fuentes, W. M. Putman, and G. Partyka. 2017. "Tropical Cyclones in the 7km NASA Global Nature Run for use in Observing System Simulation Experiments." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34 (1): 73-100 [10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0094.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate, 29: 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate, 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, A. M. Da Silva, and T. Matsui. 2014. "Impact of assimilated and interactive aerosol on tropical cyclogenesis." Geophys. Res. Lett, 41 (9): 3282-3288 [10.1002/2014GL059918]

    Wu, M.-L., O. Reale, and S. Schubert. 2013. "A Characterization of African Easterly Waves on 2.5–6-Day and 6–9-Day Time Scales." J. Climate, 26 (18): 6750-6774 [10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00336.1]

    Wu, M.-L. C., O. Reale, S. Schubert, M. Suarez, and C. Thorncroft. 2012. "African Easterly Jet: Barotropic Instability, Waves, and Cyclogenesis." Journal of Climate, 25 (5): 1489-1510 [10.1175/2011JCLI4241.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, J. Susskind, and R. Rosenberg. 2012. "AIRS impact on analysis and forecast of an extreme rainfall event (Indus River Valley, Pakistan, 2010) with a global data assimilation and forecast system." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D8): D08103 [10.1029/2011JD017093]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, and A. M. Da Silva. 2011. "Impact of Interactive Aerosol on the African Easterly Jet in the NASA GEOS-5 Global Forecasting System." Weather and Forecasting, 26 (4): 504-519 [10.1175/WAF-D-10-05025.1]

    Zhou, Y., K. M. Lau, O. Reale, and R. Rosenberg. 2010. "AIRS impact on precipitation analysis and forecast of tropical cyclones in a global data assimilation and forecast system." Geophys. Res. Lett, 37 (2): L02806 [10.1029/2009GL041494]

    Wu, M.-L. C., O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, et al. M. J. Suarez, R. D. Koster, and P. J. Pegion. 2009. "African Easterly Jet: Structure and Maintenance." Journal of Climate, 22: 4459-4480 [DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2584.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, J. Susskind, et al. E. Brin, E. Liu, P. Riishojgaard, M. Fuentes, and R. Rosenberg. 2009. "AIRS impact on the analysis and forecast track of tropical cyclone Nargis in a global data assimilation and forecasting system." Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (6): L06812 [10.1029/2008GL037122]

    Reale, O., K. Lau, K.-M. Kim, and E. Brin. 2009. "Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66 (12): 3563-3578 [10.1175/2009JAS3123.1]

    Reale, O., J. Susskind, R. Rosenberg, et al. E. Brin, E. Liu, P. Riishojgaard, J. Terry, and J. C. Jusem. 2008. "Improving forecast skill by assimilation of quality-controlled AIRS temperature retrievals under partially cloudy conditions." Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (8): L08809 [10.1029/2007GL033002]

    Reale, O., J. Terry, M. Masutani, et al. E. Andersson, L. P. Riishojgaard, and J. C. Jusem. 2007. "Preliminary evaluation of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF) Nature Run over the tropical Atlantic and African monsoon region." Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (22): L22810 [10.1029/2007gl031640]

    Atlas, R., S.-J. Lin, B.-W. Shen, O. Reale, and K.-S. Yeh. 2007. "Improving Hurricane Prediction through Innovative Global Modeling." Extending the Horizons: Advances in Computing, Optimization and Decision Technologies, 40192.

    Shen, B.-W., R. Atlas, O. Reale, et al. S.-J. Lin, J.-D. Chern, J. Chang, C. Henze, and J.-L. Li. 2006. "Hurricane Forecasts with a Global Mesoscale-Resolving Model: Preliminary Results with Hurricane Katrina(2005)." Geophys. Res. Lett., L13813 [doi:10.1029/2006GL026143]

    Shen, B.-W., R. Atlas, J.-D. Chern, et al. O. Reale, S.-J. Lin, T. Lee, and J. Chang. 2006. "The 0.125 degree finite-volume general circulation model on the NASA Columbia supercomputer: Preliminary simulations of mesoscale vortices." Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (5): L05801 [10.1029/2005GL024594]

    Shen, B., R. Atlas, O. Reale, et al. S. Lin, J. Chern, J. Chang, C. Henze, and J. Li. 2006. "Hurricane Forecasts with a Global Mesoscale-Resolving Model: Preliminary Results with Hurricane Katrina (2005)." Geophys Res Lett, 33: L13813.

    Atlas, R., O. Reale, B.-W. Shen, et al. S.-J. Lin, J.-D. Chern, W. Putman, T. Lee, K.-S. Yeh, M. Bosilovich, and J. Radakovich. 2005. "Hurricane forecasting with the high-resolution NASA finite volume general circulation model." Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 (3): L03807 [10.1029/2004GL021513]

    Hou, A., S. Q. Zhang, and O. Reale. 2004. "Variational Continuous Assimilation of TMI and SSM/I Rain Rates: Impact on GEOS-3 Hurricane Analyses and Forecasts." Mon. Weather Rev., 132 (8): 2094-2109 [10.1175/1520-0493(2004)132<2094:VCAOTA>2.0.CO;2]

    Reale, O., P. Dirmeyer, and A. Schlosser. 2002. "Modeling the Effect of Land Surface Evaporation Variability on Precipitation Variability. Part II: Time- and Space-Scale structure." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 3 (4): 451-466 [10.1175/1525-7541(2002)003<0451:mteols>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., and P. Dirmeyer. 2002. "Modeling the Effect of Land Surface Evaporation Variability on Precipitation Variability. Part I: General Response." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 3 (4): 433-450 [10.1175/1525-7541(2002)003<0433:mteols>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., L. Feudale, and B. Turato. 2001. "Evaporative moisture sources during a sequence of floods in the Mediterranean region." Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (10): 2085-2088 [10.1029/2000gl012379]

    Reale, O., and R. Atlas. 2001. "Tropical Cyclone–Like Vortices in the Extratropics: Observational Evidence and Synoptic Analysis." Weather and Forecasting, 16 (1): 7-34 [10.1175/1520-0434(2001)016<0007:tclvit>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., and P. Dirmeyer. 2000. "Modeling the effects of vegetation on Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical Period Part I: Climate history and model sensitivity." Global and Planetary Change, 25 (3-4): 163-184 [10.1016/s0921-8181(00)00002-3]

    Reale, O., and J. Shukla. 2000. "Modeling the effects of vegetation on Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical Period: Part II. Model simulation." Global and Planetary Change, 25 (3-4): 185-214 [10.1016/s0921-8181(00)00003-5]

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Oreste Reale received his Laurea in geophysical engineering from the University of Trieste, Italy, in 1990, and his Ph.D. in Meteorology from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1996. Dr. Reale worked in Italy from 1996 to 1999 contributing to the development of a meteo-hydrological operational center in Genoa, Italy, and then moved to the Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, Maryland, in 1999.

    In 2001 he joined NASA Goddard through the cooperative agreement GEST, led by UMBC.  In 2011, he continued working at Goddard through USRA, in the successor cooperative agreement GESTAR. In GESTAR, he become  Senior Scientist and Group Lead,  Associate Director in 2015, and finally served as Director of GESTAR from February 16th, 2019 to November 30th, 2021.

    Dr. Reale was appointed Chief Scientist of SSAI on December 1st, 2021.

    Dr. Reale's research interest include atmospheric dynamics, synoptic-dynamic meteorology, tropical meteorology, data impact studies, and assimilation of hyper spectral infrared radiances with particular emphasis on the improvement of tropical cyclone analysis and forecast. He has been member of the NASA Sounder Science Team since 2011, as PI of three grants (2011-2015; 2015-2018; 2018-current), focused on the assimilation of AIRS and CrIS cloud-cleared radiances in the GEOS system. Previously, Dr. Reale was PI of a 3-year NASA grant on Observing System Simulation Experiments (2006-2009), and co-I of NASA grants on the African Monsoon (2007-2009), on Calipso-CloudSat (2010-2014), and on long-term predictability of tropical cyclones (2011-2014). Other scientific interests include the general circulation of the Martian atmosphere and observing system simulation experiments for Mars.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Ganeshan, M., O. Reale, E. McGrath-Spangler, and N. Boukachaba. 2022. "Impact of assimilating adaptively thinned AIRS cloud-cleared radiances on the analysis of Polar Lows and Mediterranean Sea Tropical-like Cyclone in a global modeling and data assimilation framework." Weather and Forecasting [10.1175/waf-d-21-0068.1]

    McGrath‐Spangler, E. L., M. Ganeshan, O. Reale, et al. N. Boukachaba, W. McCarty, and R. Gelaro. 2021. "Sensitivity of low tropospheric Arctic temperatures to assimilation of AIRS cloud‐cleared radiances: Impact on mid‐latitude waves." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 147 (741): 4032-4047 [10.1002/qj.4166]

    Reale, O., E. L. McGrath-Spangler, W. McCarty, D. Holdaway, and R. Gelaro. 2018. "Impact of adaptively thinned AIRS cloud-cleared radiances on tropical cyclone representation in a global data assimilation and forecast system." Weather and Forecasting 33 (4): 908-931 [10.1175/waf-d-17-0175.1]

    Reale, O., D. Achuthavarier, M. Fuentes, W. M. Putman, and G. Partyka. 2017. "Tropical Cyclones in the 7km NASA Global Nature Run for use in Observing System Simulation Experiments." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 34 (1): 73-100 [10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0094.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate 29 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, A. M. Da Silva, and T. Matsui. 2014. "Impact of assimilated and interactive aerosol on tropical cyclogenesis." Geophys. Res. Lett 41 (9): 3282-3288 [10.1002/2014GL059918]

    Wu, M.-L., O. Reale, and S. Schubert. 2013. "A Characterization of African Easterly Waves on 2.5–6-Day and 6–9-Day Time Scales." J. Climate 26 (18): 6750-6774 [10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00336.1]

    Wu, M.-L. C., O. Reale, S. Schubert, M. Suarez, and C. Thorncroft. 2012. "African Easterly Jet: Barotropic Instability, Waves, and Cyclogenesis." Journal of Climate 25 (5): 1489-1510 [10.1175/2011JCLI4241.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, J. Susskind, and R. Rosenberg. 2012. "AIRS impact on analysis and forecast of an extreme rainfall event (Indus River Valley, Pakistan, 2010) with a global data assimilation and forecast system." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D8): D08103 [10.1029/2011JD017093]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, and A. M. Da Silva. 2011. "Impact of Interactive Aerosol on the African Easterly Jet in the NASA GEOS-5 Global Forecasting System." Weather and Forecasting 26 (4): 504-519 [10.1175/WAF-D-10-05025.1]

    Zhou, Y., K. M. Lau, O. Reale, and R. Rosenberg. 2010. "AIRS impact on precipitation analysis and forecast of tropical cyclones in a global data assimilation and forecast system." Geophys. Res. Lett 37 (2): L02806 [10.1029/2009GL041494]

    Wu, M.-L. C., O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, et al. M. J. Suarez, R. D. Koster, and P. J. Pegion. 2009. "African Easterly Jet: Structure and Maintenance." Journal of Climate 22 4459-4480 [DOI: 10.1175/2009JCLI2584.1]

    Reale, O., W. K. Lau, J. Susskind, et al. E. Brin, E. Liu, P. Riishojgaard, M. Fuentes, and R. Rosenberg. 2009. "AIRS impact on the analysis and forecast track of tropical cyclone Nargis in a global data assimilation and forecasting system." Geophysical Research Letters 36 (6): L06812 [10.1029/2008GL037122]

    Reale, O., K. Lau, K.-M. Kim, and E. Brin. 2009. "Atlantic Tropical Cyclogenetic Processes during SOP-3 NAMMA in the GEOS-5 Global Data Assimilation and Forecast System." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 66 (12): 3563-3578 [10.1175/2009JAS3123.1]

    Reale, O., J. Susskind, R. Rosenberg, et al. E. Brin, E. Liu, P. Riishojgaard, J. Terry, and J. C. Jusem. 2008. "Improving forecast skill by assimilation of quality-controlled AIRS temperature retrievals under partially cloudy conditions." Geophysical Research Letters 35 (8): L08809 [10.1029/2007GL033002]

    Reale, O., J. Terry, M. Masutani, et al. E. Andersson, L. P. Riishojgaard, and J. C. Jusem. 2007. "Preliminary evaluation of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF) Nature Run over the tropical Atlantic and African monsoon region." Geophysical Research Letters 34 (22): L22810 [10.1029/2007gl031640]

    Atlas, R., S.-J. Lin, B.-W. Shen, O. Reale, and K.-S. Yeh. 2007. "Improving Hurricane Prediction through Innovative Global Modeling." Extending the Horizons: Advances in Computing, Optimization and Decision Technologies 40192

    Shen, B.-W., R. Atlas, O. Reale, et al. S.-J. Lin, J.-D. Chern, J. Chang, C. Henze, and J.-L. Li. 2006. "Hurricane Forecasts with a Global Mesoscale-Resolving Model: Preliminary Results with Hurricane Katrina(2005)." Geophys. Res. Lett. L13813 [doi:10.1029/2006GL026143]

    Shen, B.-W., R. Atlas, J.-D. Chern, et al. O. Reale, S.-J. Lin, T. Lee, and J. Chang. 2006. "The 0.125 degree finite-volume general circulation model on the NASA Columbia supercomputer: Preliminary simulations of mesoscale vortices." Geophysical Research Letters 33 (5): L05801 [10.1029/2005GL024594]

    Shen, B., R. Atlas, O. Reale, et al. S. Lin, J. Chern, J. Chang, C. Henze, and J. Li. 2006. "Hurricane Forecasts with a Global Mesoscale-Resolving Model: Preliminary Results with Hurricane Katrina (2005)." Geophys Res Lett 33 L13813

    Atlas, R., O. Reale, B.-W. Shen, et al. S.-J. Lin, J.-D. Chern, W. Putman, T. Lee, K.-S. Yeh, M. Bosilovich, and J. Radakovich. 2005. "Hurricane forecasting with the high-resolution NASA finite volume general circulation model." Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 (3): L03807 [10.1029/2004GL021513]

    Hou, A., S. Q. Zhang, and O. Reale. 2004. "Variational Continuous Assimilation of TMI and SSM/I Rain Rates: Impact on GEOS-3 Hurricane Analyses and Forecasts." Mon. Weather Rev. 132 (8): 2094-2109 [10.1175/1520-0493(2004)132<2094:VCAOTA>2.0.CO;2]

    Reale, O., P. Dirmeyer, and A. Schlosser. 2002. "Modeling the Effect of Land Surface Evaporation Variability on Precipitation Variability. Part II: Time- and Space-Scale structure." Journal of Hydrometeorology 3 (4): 451-466 [10.1175/1525-7541(2002)003<0451:mteols>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., and P. Dirmeyer. 2002. "Modeling the Effect of Land Surface Evaporation Variability on Precipitation Variability. Part I: General Response." Journal of Hydrometeorology 3 (4): 433-450 [10.1175/1525-7541(2002)003<0433:mteols>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., L. Feudale, and B. Turato. 2001. "Evaporative moisture sources during a sequence of floods in the Mediterranean region." Geophysical Research Letters 28 (10): 2085-2088 [10.1029/2000gl012379]

    Reale, O., and R. Atlas. 2001. "Tropical Cyclone–Like Vortices in the Extratropics: Observational Evidence and Synoptic Analysis." Weather and Forecasting 16 (1): 7-34 [10.1175/1520-0434(2001)016<0007:tclvit>2.0.co;2]

    Reale, O., and P. Dirmeyer. 2000. "Modeling the effects of vegetation on Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical Period Part I: Climate history and model sensitivity." Global and Planetary Change 25 (3-4): 163-184 [10.1016/s0921-8181(00)00002-3]

    Reale, O., and J. Shukla. 2000. "Modeling the effects of vegetation on Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical Period: Part II. Model simulation." Global and Planetary Change 25 (3-4): 185-214 [10.1016/s0921-8181(00)00003-5]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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