Nathan T Kurtz

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Nathan T Kurtz

  • RSCH AST, EARTH SCIENCES REMOTE SENS
  • 301.614.5013
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 615
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Nathan Kurtz received the B.S. degree in Physics from Iowa State University in 2004, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Atmospheric Physics from the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC) in 2007 and 2009, respectively. He worked on sea ice thickness retrievals from the original ICESat mission during his graduate school studies, and has since focused his work on improving model parameterizations and satellite-based retrievals of sea ice properties from NASA's Operation IceBridge mission as well as ESA's CryoSat-2 radar satellite. He joined the Cryospheric Sciences Branch at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 2013 and led the IceBridge project from 2015-2018 before moving on to his current position as the ICESat-2 Deputy Project Scientist.

    Research Interests

    Sea ice thickness studies from airborne and satellite sensors

    Remote sensing of the polar regions with an emphasis on the use laser altimetry and model data to study the impact of sea ice on the climate. Development and validation of algorithms and models for the retrieval of sea ice properties through the combined use of satellite, airborne, model, and in-situ data. I am specifically working on retrieval algorithms for Arctic and Antarctic sea ice thickness from laser altimetry measurements from ICESat, ICESat-2, IceBridge, and radar altimetry measurements from CryoSat-2 and IceBridge.

    Positions/Employment

    1/2010 - 1/2012

    Research Associate

    Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center (GEST/UMBC), Greenbelt, MD
    7/2013 - Present

    Physical Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

    Education

    Ph.D. Atmospheric Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 2009.
    Thesis: Application of satellite laser altimetry data to studies of sea ice properties and processes

    M.S. Atmospheric Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 2007.

    B.S. Physics, Iowa State University, 2004.

    Professional Societies

    American Geophysical Union, 2009 - Present

    Publications

    Refereed

    Neumann, T. A., A. J. Martino, T. Markus, et al. S. Bae, M. R. Bock, A. C. Brenner, K. M. Brunt, J. Cavanaugh, S. T. Fernandes, D. W. Hancock, K. Harbeck, J. Lee, N. T. Kurtz, P. J. Luers, S. B. Luthcke, L. Magruder, T. A. Pennington, L. Ramos-Izquierdo, T. Rebold, J. Skoog, and T. C. Thomas. 2019. "The Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite – 2 mission: A global geolocated photon product derived from the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System." Remote Sensing of Environment, 233: 111325 [10.1016/j.rse.2019.111325]

    Kwok, R., T. Markus, N. Kurtz, et al. A. Petty, T. Neumann, S. Farrell, G. Cunningham, D. Hancock, A. Ivanoff, and J. Wimert. 2019. "Surface height and sea ice freeboard of the Arctic Ocean from ICESat‐2: Characteristics and early results." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 2019JC015486 [10.1029/2019jc015486]

    Fons, S. W., and N. T. Kurtz. 2019. "Retrieval of snow freeboard of Antarctic sea ice using waveform fitting of CryoSat-2 returns." The Cryosphere, 13 (3): 861-878 [10.5194/tc-13-861-2019]

    Greeley, A. P., T. A. Neumann, N. T. Kurtz, T. Markus, and A. J. Martino. 2019. "Characterizing the System Impulse Response Function From Photon-Counting LiDAR Data." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1-10 (In Press) [10.1109/tgrs.2019.2907230]

    Petty, A. A., M. M. Holland, D. A. Bailey, and N. T. Kurtz. 2018. "Warm Arctic, increased winter sea-ice growth?" Geophysical Research Letters, [10.1029/2018gl079223]

    Yi, D., N. Kurtz, J. Harbeck, et al. R. Kwok, S. Hendricks, and R. Ricker. 2018. "Comparing Coincident Elevation and Freeboard From IceBridge and Five Different CryoSat-2 Retrackers." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 57 (2): 1219-1229 [10.1109/tgrs.2018.2865257]

    Allard, R. A., S. L. Farrell, D. A. Hebert, et al. W. F. Johnston, L. Li, N. T. Kurtz, M. W. Phelps, P. G. Posey, R. Tilling, A. Ridout, and A. J. Wallcraft. 2018. "Utilizing CryoSat-2 sea ice thickness to initialize a coupled ice-ocean modeling system." Advances in Space Research, 62 (6): 1265-1280 [10.1016/j.asr.2017.12.030]

    Nghiem, S., T. Busche, T. Kraus, et al. M. Bachmann, N. T. Kurtz, J. G. Sonntag, J. Woods, S. Ackley, H. Xie, T. Maksym, K. Tinto, W. Rack, P. Langhorne, C. Haas, C. Panowicz, I. Rigor, P. Morin, L. Nguyen, and G. Neumann. 2018. "Remote Sensing of Antarctic Sea Ice with Coordinated Aircraft and Satellite Data Acquisitions." Proceedings of 38th 2018 IGARSS (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium),

    Nihashi, S., N. T. Kurtz, T. Markus, et al. K. I. Ohshima, K. Tateyama, and T. Toyota. 2018. "Estimation of sea-ice thickness and volume in the Sea of Okhotsk based on ICESat data." Annals of Glaciology, 1-11 [10.1017/aog.2018.8]

    Kwok, R., N. T. Kurtz, L. Brucker, et al. A. Ivanoff, T. Newman, S. L. Farrell, J. King, S. Howell, M. A. Webster, J. Paden, C. Leuschen, J. A. Macgregor, J. Richter-Menge, J. Harbeck, and M. Tschudi. 2017. "Inter-comparison of snow depth retrievals over Arctic sea ice fromradar data acquired by Operation IceBridge." The Cryosphere, 2571-2593 [10.5194/tc-2017-103]

    Petty, A. A., M. C. Tsamados, and N. T. Kurtz. 2017. "Atmospheric form drag coefficients over Arctic sea ice using remotely sensed ice topography data, spring 2009-2015." Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 122: [10.1002/2017jf004209]

    Petty, A. A., D. Schröder, J. C. Stroeve, et al. T. Markus, J. Miller, N. T. Kurtz, D. L. Feltham, and D. Flocco. 2017. "Skillful spring forecasts of September Arctic sea ice extent using passive microwave sea ice observations." Earth's Future, 5: 254–263 [10.1002/2016EF000495]

    Petty, A. A., M. C. Tsamados, N. T. Kurtz, et al. S. L. Farrell, T. Newman, J. P. Harbeck, D. L. Feltham, and J. A. Richter-Menge. 2016. "Characterizing Arctic sea ice topography using high-resolution IceBridge data." The Cryosphere, 10 (3): 1161-1179 [10.5194/tc-10-1161-2016]

    King, J., S. Howell, C. Derksen, et al. N. Rutter, P. Toose, J. F. Beckers, C. Haas, N. Kurtz, and J. Richter-Menge. 2015. "Evaluation of Operation IceBridge quick-look snow depth estimates on sea ice." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (21): 9302-9310 [10.1002/2015gl066389]

    Price, D., J. Beckers, R. Ricker, et al. N. Kurtz, W. Rack, C. Haas, V. Helm, S. Hendricks, G. Leonard, and P. Langhorne. 2015. "Evaluation of CryoSat-2 derived sea-ice freeboard over fast ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica." Journal of Glaciology, 61 (226): 285-300 [10.3189/2015jog14j157]

    Newman, T., S. L. Farrell, J. Richter-Menge, et al. L. N. Connor, N. T. Kurtz, B. C. Elder, and D. McAdoo. 2014. "Assessment of radar-derived snow depth over Arctic sea ice." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119 (12): 8578-8602 [10.1002/2014jc010284]

    Yi, D., J. P. Harbeck, S. S. Manizade, et al. N. T. Kurtz, M. Studinger, and M. A. Hofton. 2014. "Arctic sea ice freeboard retrieval with waveform characteristics for NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) and Land, Vegetation, and Ice Sensor (LVIS)." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53 (3): 1403-1410 [10.1109/TGRS.2014.2339737]

    Webster, M. A., I. G. Rigor, S. V. Nghiem, et al. N. T. Kurtz, S. L. Farrell, D. K. Perovich, and M. Sturm. 2014. "Interdecadal changes in snow depth on Arctic sea ice." J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119 (8): 5395–5406 [10.1002/2014JC009985]

    Kurtz, N. T., N. Galin, and M. Studinger. 2014. "An improved CryoSat-2 sea ice freeboard retrieval algorithm through the use of waveform fitting." The Cryosphere, 8 (4): 1217-1237 [10.5194/tc-8-1217-2014]

    Tsamados, M., D. Feltham, D. Schroeder, et al. D. Flocco, S. Farrell, N. Kurtz, S. Laxon, and S. Bacon. 2014. "Impact of Variable Atmospheric and Oceanic Form Drag on Simulations of Arctic Sea Ice." J. Phys. Oceanog., 44 (5): 1329-1353 [10.1175/JPO-D-13-0215.1]

    Holland, P., N. Bruneau, M. C. Enright, et al. M. Losch, N. T. Kurtz, and R. Kwok. 2014. "Modeled Trends in Antarctic Sea Ice Thickness." J. Climate, 27 (10): 3784-3801 [10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00301.1]

    Kurtz, N. T., J. Richter-Menge, S. L. Farrell, et al. M. Studinger, J. Paden, J. G. Sonntag, and J. K. Yungel. 2013. "IceBridge Airborne Survey Data Support Arctic Sea Ice Predictions." Eos Trans. AGU, 94 (4): 41 [10.1002/2013EO040001]

    Koenig, L., J. Box, and N. Kurtz. 2013. "Improving Surface Mass Balance Over Ice Sheets and Snow Depth on Sea Ice." Eos Trans. AGU, 94 (10): 100 [10.1002/2013EO100006]

    Onana, V., N. Kurtz, S. Farrell, et al. L. Koenig, M. Studinger, and J. Harbeck. 2013. "A Sea-Ice Lead Detection Algorithm for Use With High-Resolution Airborne Visible Imagery." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 51 (1): 38-56 [10.1109/TGRS.2012.2202666]

    Kurtz, N., S. Farrell, M. Studinger, et al. N. Galin, J. Harbeck, R. Lindsay, V. Onana, B. Panzer, and J. Sonntag. 2013. "Sea ice thickness, freeboard, and snow depth products from Operation IceBridge airborne data." The Cryosphere, 7 (4): 1035–1056 [10.5194/tc-7-1035-2013]

    Laxon, S., K. Giles, A. Ridout, et al. D. Wingham, R. Willatt, R. Cullen, R. Kwok, J. Zhang, C. Haas, S. Hendricks, R. Krishfield, N. T. Kurtz, S. L. Farrell, and M. Davidson. 2013. "CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume." Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (4): 732-737 [10.1002/grl.50193]

    Kurtz, N. T., and T. Markus. 2012. "Satellite observations of Antarctic sea ice thickness and volume." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (C8): C08025 [10.1029/2012JC008141]

    Farrell, S. L., N. T. Kurtz, L. Connor, et al. B. Elder, C. Leuschen, T. Markus, D. C. McAdoo, B. Panzer, J. Richter-Menge, and J. G. Sonntag. 2012. "A First Assessment of IceBridge Snow and Ice Thickness Data Over Arctic Sea Ice." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 50 (6): 2098-2111 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2170843]

    Lindsay, R., C. Haas, S. Hendricks, et al. P. Hunkeler, N. Kurtz, J. Paden, B. Panzer, J. Sonntag, J. Yungel, and J. Zhang. 2012. "Seasonal forecasts of Arctic sea ice initialized with observations of ice thickness." Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (21): L21502 [10.1029/2012GL053576]

    Markus, T., R. Massom, T. Worby, et al. V. Lytle, N. T. Kurtz, and T. Maksym. 2011. "Freeboard, snow depth, and sea ice roughness in East Antarctica from in-situ and multiple satellite data." Annals of Glaciology, 52 (57):

    Kurtz, N., and S. Farrell. 2011. "Large-scale surveys of snow depth on Arctic sea ice from Operation IceBridge." Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (20): L20505 [10.1029/2011GL049216]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, S. Farrell, D. Worthen, and L. Boisvert. 2011. "Observations of recent Arctic sea ice volume loss and its impact on ocean-atmosphere energy exchange and ice production." J. Geophys. Res., 116 (C4): C04015 [10.1029/2010JC006235]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. L. Sparling, B. Krabill, A. Gasiewski, and J. G. Sonntag. 2009. "Estimation of sea ice thickness distributions through the combination of snow depth and satellite laser altimetry data." J Geophys Res, 114 (C10): C10007 [10.1029/2009JC005292]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. B. Krabill, J. G. Sonntag, and J. Miller. 2008. "Comparison of ICESat Data With Airborne Laser Altimeter Measurements Over Arctic Sea Ice." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 46 (7): 1913-1924 [10.1109/TGRS.2008.916639]

    Non-Refereed

    Petty, A. A., T. Markus, and N. T. Kurtz. 2017. "Improving our understanding of Antarctic sea ice with NASA's Operation IceBridge and the upcoming ICESat-2 mission." US CLIVAR Variations 15 (3):

    Yi, D., N. T. Kurtz, J. P. Harbeck, et al. S. S. Manizade, M. A. Hofton, H. G. Cornejo, H. J. Zwally, and J. W. Robbins. 2016. "Antarctic sea-ice freeboard and estimated thickness from NASA's ICESAT and ICEBRIDGE observations." 2016 IEEE INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING SYMPOSIUM (IGARSS), Beijing, China, 10-15 July 2016 7682-7685, ISBN: 978-1-5090-3332-4 . [10.1109/IGARSS.2016.7731003]

    Brief Bio

    Nathan Kurtz received the B.S. degree in Physics from Iowa State University in 2004, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Atmospheric Physics from the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC) in 2007 and 2009, respectively. He worked on sea ice thickness retrievals from the original ICESat mission during his graduate school studies, and has since focused his work on improving model parameterizations and satellite-based retrievals of sea ice properties from NASA's Operation IceBridge mission as well as ESA's CryoSat-2 radar satellite. He joined the Cryospheric Sciences Branch at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 2013 and led the IceBridge project from 2015-2018 before moving on to his current position as the ICESat-2 Deputy Project Scientist.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Neumann, T. A., A. J. Martino, T. Markus, et al. S. Bae, M. R. Bock, A. C. Brenner, K. M. Brunt, J. Cavanaugh, S. T. Fernandes, D. W. Hancock, K. Harbeck, J. Lee, N. T. Kurtz, P. J. Luers, S. B. Luthcke, L. Magruder, T. A. Pennington, L. Ramos-Izquierdo, T. Rebold, J. Skoog, and T. C. Thomas. 2019. "The Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite – 2 mission: A global geolocated photon product derived from the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System." Remote Sensing of Environment 233 111325 [10.1016/j.rse.2019.111325]

    Kwok, R., T. Markus, N. Kurtz, et al. A. Petty, T. Neumann, S. Farrell, G. Cunningham, D. Hancock, A. Ivanoff, and J. Wimert. 2019. "Surface height and sea ice freeboard of the Arctic Ocean from ICESat‐2: Characteristics and early results." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 2019JC015486 [10.1029/2019jc015486]

    Fons, S. W., and N. T. Kurtz. 2019. "Retrieval of snow freeboard of Antarctic sea ice using waveform fitting of CryoSat-2 returns." The Cryosphere 13 (3): 861-878 [10.5194/tc-13-861-2019]

    Greeley, A. P., T. A. Neumann, N. T. Kurtz, T. Markus, and A. J. Martino. 2019. "Characterizing the System Impulse Response Function From Photon-Counting LiDAR Data." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (In Press) 1-10 [10.1109/tgrs.2019.2907230]

    Petty, A. A., M. M. Holland, D. A. Bailey, and N. T. Kurtz. 2018. "Warm Arctic, increased winter sea-ice growth?" Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2018gl079223]

    Yi, D., N. Kurtz, J. Harbeck, et al. R. Kwok, S. Hendricks, and R. Ricker. 2018. "Comparing Coincident Elevation and Freeboard From IceBridge and Five Different CryoSat-2 Retrackers." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 57 (2): 1219-1229 [10.1109/tgrs.2018.2865257]

    Allard, R. A., S. L. Farrell, D. A. Hebert, et al. W. F. Johnston, L. Li, N. T. Kurtz, M. W. Phelps, P. G. Posey, R. Tilling, A. Ridout, and A. J. Wallcraft. 2018. "Utilizing CryoSat-2 sea ice thickness to initialize a coupled ice-ocean modeling system." Advances in Space Research 62 (6): 1265-1280 [10.1016/j.asr.2017.12.030]

    Nghiem, S., T. Busche, T. Kraus, et al. M. Bachmann, N. T. Kurtz, J. G. Sonntag, J. Woods, S. Ackley, H. Xie, T. Maksym, K. Tinto, W. Rack, P. Langhorne, C. Haas, C. Panowicz, I. Rigor, P. Morin, L. Nguyen, and G. Neumann. 2018. "Remote Sensing of Antarctic Sea Ice with Coordinated Aircraft and Satellite Data Acquisitions." Proceedings of 38th 2018 IGARSS (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium)

    Nihashi, S., N. T. Kurtz, T. Markus, et al. K. I. Ohshima, K. Tateyama, and T. Toyota. 2018. "Estimation of sea-ice thickness and volume in the Sea of Okhotsk based on ICESat data." Annals of Glaciology 1-11 [10.1017/aog.2018.8]

    Kwok, R., N. T. Kurtz, L. Brucker, et al. A. Ivanoff, T. Newman, S. L. Farrell, J. King, S. Howell, M. A. Webster, J. Paden, C. Leuschen, J. A. Macgregor, J. Richter-Menge, J. Harbeck, and M. Tschudi. 2017. "Inter-comparison of snow depth retrievals over Arctic sea ice fromradar data acquired by Operation IceBridge." The Cryosphere 2571-2593 [10.5194/tc-2017-103]

    Petty, A. A., M. C. Tsamados, and N. T. Kurtz. 2017. "Atmospheric form drag coefficients over Arctic sea ice using remotely sensed ice topography data, spring 2009-2015." Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 122 [10.1002/2017jf004209]

    Petty, A. A., D. Schröder, J. C. Stroeve, et al. T. Markus, J. Miller, N. T. Kurtz, D. L. Feltham, and D. Flocco. 2017. "Skillful spring forecasts of September Arctic sea ice extent using passive microwave sea ice observations." Earth's Future 5 254–263 [10.1002/2016EF000495]

    Petty, A. A., M. C. Tsamados, N. T. Kurtz, et al. S. L. Farrell, T. Newman, J. P. Harbeck, D. L. Feltham, and J. A. Richter-Menge. 2016. "Characterizing Arctic sea ice topography using high-resolution IceBridge data." The Cryosphere 10 (3): 1161-1179 [10.5194/tc-10-1161-2016]

    King, J., S. Howell, C. Derksen, et al. N. Rutter, P. Toose, J. F. Beckers, C. Haas, N. Kurtz, and J. Richter-Menge. 2015. "Evaluation of Operation IceBridge quick-look snow depth estimates on sea ice." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (21): 9302-9310 [10.1002/2015gl066389]

    Price, D., J. Beckers, R. Ricker, et al. N. Kurtz, W. Rack, C. Haas, V. Helm, S. Hendricks, G. Leonard, and P. Langhorne. 2015. "Evaluation of CryoSat-2 derived sea-ice freeboard over fast ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica." Journal of Glaciology 61 (226): 285-300 [10.3189/2015jog14j157]

    Newman, T., S. L. Farrell, J. Richter-Menge, et al. L. N. Connor, N. T. Kurtz, B. C. Elder, and D. McAdoo. 2014. "Assessment of radar-derived snow depth over Arctic sea ice." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (12): 8578-8602 [10.1002/2014jc010284]

    Yi, D., J. P. Harbeck, S. S. Manizade, et al. N. T. Kurtz, M. Studinger, and M. A. Hofton. 2014. "Arctic sea ice freeboard retrieval with waveform characteristics for NASA's Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM) and Land, Vegetation, and Ice Sensor (LVIS)." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 53 (3): 1403-1410 [10.1109/TGRS.2014.2339737]

    Webster, M. A., I. G. Rigor, S. V. Nghiem, et al. N. T. Kurtz, S. L. Farrell, D. K. Perovich, and M. Sturm. 2014. "Interdecadal changes in snow depth on Arctic sea ice." J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 119 (8): 5395–5406 [10.1002/2014JC009985]

    Kurtz, N. T., N. Galin, and M. Studinger. 2014. "An improved CryoSat-2 sea ice freeboard retrieval algorithm through the use of waveform fitting." The Cryosphere 8 (4): 1217-1237 [10.5194/tc-8-1217-2014]

    Tsamados, M., D. Feltham, D. Schroeder, et al. D. Flocco, S. Farrell, N. Kurtz, S. Laxon, and S. Bacon. 2014. "Impact of Variable Atmospheric and Oceanic Form Drag on Simulations of Arctic Sea Ice." J. Phys. Oceanog. 44 (5): 1329-1353 [10.1175/JPO-D-13-0215.1]

    Holland, P., N. Bruneau, M. C. Enright, et al. M. Losch, N. T. Kurtz, and R. Kwok. 2014. "Modeled Trends in Antarctic Sea Ice Thickness." J. Climate 27 (10): 3784-3801 [10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00301.1]

    Kurtz, N. T., J. Richter-Menge, S. L. Farrell, et al. M. Studinger, J. Paden, J. G. Sonntag, and J. K. Yungel. 2013. "IceBridge Airborne Survey Data Support Arctic Sea Ice Predictions." Eos Trans. AGU 94 (4): 41 [10.1002/2013EO040001]

    Koenig, L., J. Box, and N. Kurtz. 2013. "Improving Surface Mass Balance Over Ice Sheets and Snow Depth on Sea Ice." Eos Trans. AGU 94 (10): 100 [10.1002/2013EO100006]

    Onana, V., N. Kurtz, S. Farrell, et al. L. Koenig, M. Studinger, and J. Harbeck. 2013. "A Sea-Ice Lead Detection Algorithm for Use With High-Resolution Airborne Visible Imagery." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 51 (1): 38-56 [10.1109/TGRS.2012.2202666]

    Kurtz, N., S. Farrell, M. Studinger, et al. N. Galin, J. Harbeck, R. Lindsay, V. Onana, B. Panzer, and J. Sonntag. 2013. "Sea ice thickness, freeboard, and snow depth products from Operation IceBridge airborne data." The Cryosphere 7 (4): 1035–1056 [10.5194/tc-7-1035-2013]

    Laxon, S., K. Giles, A. Ridout, et al. D. Wingham, R. Willatt, R. Cullen, R. Kwok, J. Zhang, C. Haas, S. Hendricks, R. Krishfield, N. T. Kurtz, S. L. Farrell, and M. Davidson. 2013. "CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume." Geophysical Research Letters 40 (4): 732-737 [10.1002/grl.50193]

    Kurtz, N. T., and T. Markus. 2012. "Satellite observations of Antarctic sea ice thickness and volume." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (C8): C08025 [10.1029/2012JC008141]

    Farrell, S. L., N. T. Kurtz, L. Connor, et al. B. Elder, C. Leuschen, T. Markus, D. C. McAdoo, B. Panzer, J. Richter-Menge, and J. G. Sonntag. 2012. "A First Assessment of IceBridge Snow and Ice Thickness Data Over Arctic Sea Ice." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 50 (6): 2098-2111 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2170843]

    Lindsay, R., C. Haas, S. Hendricks, et al. P. Hunkeler, N. Kurtz, J. Paden, B. Panzer, J. Sonntag, J. Yungel, and J. Zhang. 2012. "Seasonal forecasts of Arctic sea ice initialized with observations of ice thickness." Geophysical Research Letters 39 (21): L21502 [10.1029/2012GL053576]

    Markus, T., R. Massom, T. Worby, et al. V. Lytle, N. T. Kurtz, and T. Maksym. 2011. "Freeboard, snow depth, and sea ice roughness in East Antarctica from in-situ and multiple satellite data." Annals of Glaciology 52 (57):

    Kurtz, N., and S. Farrell. 2011. "Large-scale surveys of snow depth on Arctic sea ice from Operation IceBridge." Geophysical Research Letters 38 (20): L20505 [10.1029/2011GL049216]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, S. Farrell, D. Worthen, and L. Boisvert. 2011. "Observations of recent Arctic sea ice volume loss and its impact on ocean-atmosphere energy exchange and ice production." J. Geophys. Res. 116 (C4): C04015 [10.1029/2010JC006235]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. L. Sparling, B. Krabill, A. Gasiewski, and J. G. Sonntag. 2009. "Estimation of sea ice thickness distributions through the combination of snow depth and satellite laser altimetry data." J Geophys Res 114 (C10): C10007 [10.1029/2009JC005292]

    Kurtz, N., T. Markus, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. B. Krabill, J. G. Sonntag, and J. Miller. 2008. "Comparison of ICESat Data With Airborne Laser Altimeter Measurements Over Arctic Sea Ice." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46 (7): 1913-1924 [10.1109/TGRS.2008.916639]

    Non-Refereed

    Petty, A. A., T. Markus, and N. T. Kurtz. 2017. "Improving our understanding of Antarctic sea ice with NASA's Operation IceBridge and the upcoming ICESat-2 mission." US CLIVAR Variations 15 (3):

    Yi, D., N. T. Kurtz, J. P. Harbeck, et al. S. S. Manizade, M. A. Hofton, H. G. Cornejo, H. J. Zwally, and J. W. Robbins. 2016. "Antarctic sea-ice freeboard and estimated thickness from NASA's ICESAT and ICEBRIDGE observations." 2016 IEEE INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING SYMPOSIUM (IGARSS), Beijing, China, 10-15 July 2016 7682-7685 [10.1109/IGARSS.2016.7731003]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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