Dr. Josefino C Comiso

Dr. Josefino C Comiso

  • EMERITUS
  • 301.614.5708
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 615
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Brief Bio

     

    Josefino Comiso is a senior research scientist at the Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory of the Goddard Space Flight Center.  He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the University of the Philippines, Masters Degree in Physics from Florida State University and Ph. D. in physics from the University of California in Los Angeles.  He held a post-doctoral position at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and worked as a senior consultant for Computer Sciences Corporation before joining NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.  At Goddard, his research led to new insights into many important processes in the polar regions including: (a) deep ocean convection and the influence of polynyas and Odden on bottom water formation; (b) phytoplankton blooms and relationships with the sea ice cover and (c) climate change signals as revealed by the changing sea ice cover and accelerated warming in the Arctic region. He was the chief scientist in many NASA aircraft missions in the Arctic and Antarctic that included a flight over a nuclear submarine near the North Pole that demonstrated the feasibility of measuring sea ice thickness from space. He has been a member of satellite sensor teams and has developed algorithms for the retrieval of sea ice concentration, surface temperature, and clouds.  He has been the recipient of several NASA awards including the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, outstanding scientist awards by professional societies and institutions and has served as visiting scientist in many international institutes.  He is the author or co-author of 5 books,20 book chapters and more than 130 refereed journal articles and is a coordinating lead author of the IPCC/WG1 AR5 (2014) report on "Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis."

    Research Interests

    Polar Oceanography, sea ice, climate change and satellite remote sensing

     

    Research Interest includes (a) the detection of climate signals from historical satellite data; (b) the role of Odden and polynyas in ocean convection and bottom water formation;  (c)  air-sea-ice interactions and biological processes in the polar regions; and (d)  radiative transfer modeling studies and satellite algorithms for sea ice and ice sheets.  Expertise: Polar Oceanography, Sea Ice, Climate Change, Satellite Remote Sensing in the microwave, infrared, and visible regions and Particle Physics.

    Current Projects

    Current Projects include analysis of multisensor data on sea ice, surface temperature, albedo, clouds and primary productivity in the polar regions

     

    .  Continue to do reearch on the quantification of observed changes of physical parameters in the polar regions using multisensory techniques in order to fulfill the objectives of a NASA funded Terra/Aqua Science proposal.

    .  Continue to do research on net primary production and the monitoring of hot spots in the Arctic Ocean as a NASA funded participant of the Distributed Biological Observatory (DBO). 

    .  Collaborate on the study of the impact of climate and environmental changes on he vegetation of frozen regions in the Arctic with emphasis on the Yamal Penninsula and adjacent Russian region.

    .  Continue to enhance the Bootstrap algorithm for sea ice concentration using AMSR2 and AMSR-E and do comparative studies with other algorithms and high resolution satellite data.

    .  Present results of research in workshops and conferences and prepare journal articles to be submitted for publication.

     .  Continue educational outreach including by serving as reviewer of journal articles and scientific proposals and also by giving lectures and seminars to students and a more general scientific audience.  Continue to maintain websites in Neptune/Cryospheric Sciences on sea ice changes and updated DBO parameters.

    Teaching Experience

     Instructor in physics at the University of the Philippines in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines and teaching assistant/associate at Florida State University and UCLA while in graduate school.  Have given lectures as Guest Professor at Chiba University in Tokyo, Japan and at the University of the Philippines, Diliman  and  Mariano Marcos State University, Batac in the Philippines.

    Education

    1972   Ph.D. Physics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA)

    1966   M.S. Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL

    1962   B.S. Physics, University of the Philippines (UP), Quezon City, Philippines

    Professional Societies

    American Geophysical Union, American Meteorological Society, American Physical Society, Oceanographic Society, PORSEC, IEEE, and International Glaciological Society. , 1980 - Present

    Professional Service

    Coordinating-lead author of Chapter 4 of IPCCWG1/AR5 2014 Report 

    Contributing author in 2 chapters of IPCC 2007/WG1 Report and expert reviewer of WG3.

    Chief Scientist: NASA Aircraft/Nuclear Submarine Arctic Sea Ice Project, 1987

    Chief Scientist: NASA Aircraft Okhotsk Sea and Antarctic Campaigns, 2003 and 2004

    Principal Investigator (PI) of the sea ice components of the following field projects:                    1986, 1988, 1989, 1992 Antarctic Scientific Cruises

    PI/Team member of the AMSR-E facility instrument for EOS-Aqua and ADEOS-2 
    PI/Team member of the AMSR2 instrument on board JAXA/GCOM-W

    PI for JERS1 SAR and ERS1 (and ERS2) SAR Polar Projects.

    Chairman of Working Group on Cryosphere (WGVIII/10), ISPRS Commission VIII

    WCRP/CliC Observational Products Panel (OPP),  1999-2005

    Science Advisory Group Member of the MIMR instrument (ESA&NASA), 1992-1996

    AMS Committee on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography (1990-93);

    Editorial Staff of an AGU Monograph, the Phil. Journal of Science, and Annals of Glaciology

     Quest editor and Coordinator of an AGU/JGR-Oceans special section (2006 to 2008) 

    President (1987-1988) and Chairman of the Board of Directors (2001-2003) of the Philippine American Academy of Science and Engineering (PAASE)
     

    Visiting Scientist/Professor at the Univ. of the Philippines (1995, 2008), University of
      Tasmania (1996, 97), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1998, 2000), Chiba Univ. (2006), Mariano Marcos University (2009), Hadley Meteorological Institute (2009).

    STX Evaluation Board (1992-2002); NASA Multicultural Diversity Committee (1995-96)

    Awards

    Corresponding Member of the Philippine National Academy of Science and Technology (2016)

    Book on Changing Philippine Climate selected as the Outstanding Book of the Year (2015)  

    NASA Group Achievement Awards (1982, 2003)

    NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (2013)
    NASA/GSFC/HOBI Career Achievement Award (2014)

    Performance or Special Service Awards, GSFC (1987, 1991, 94, 96, 2000, 04, 05, 2008-2014)

    Outstanding Achievement in Science in 2008, Pan Oceanic Remote Sensing Conf. (PORSEC)

    Outstanding Achievement in Science and Medicine (Filipinas Magazine, October 2008)      
    Distinguished Achievement Award in Science and Engineering (UPAA, Diliman, 2013)

    Most Distinguished Alumnus (UP Alumni Association of America, 2007)

    Fellow, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (2006)

    Electromagnetics Academy (1990)

    Peer Award for Best Paper, Laboratory for Oceans, NASA/GSFC (1988)

    Who's Who in the World, in Frontiers of Science & Technology, and in Electromagnetics

     

    Special Experience

    Led a NASA overflight as the PI over a nuclear submarine in the Arctic.  Results from the experiment provided the basis for the ability to measure thickness of sea ice using a laser altimeter from space.

    Was a participant of the first winter cruise over sea ice in the Antarctic
    Was the chief scientist of a NASA overflight program in the Arctic/Sea of Okhotsk in 2003
    Was the chief scientist of NASA overflight programs in the Antarctic in 2003 and 2004.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Comiso, J. C. 2016. "Global trends in the sea ice cover and associated surface temperature ." International Society of Programmetry and Remote Sensing Annals, (In Press)

    Comiso, J. C., R. Gersten, L. Stock, et al. J. Turner, G. J. Perez, and K. Cho. 2016. "Positive trend in the Antarctic sea ice cover and associated changes in surface temperature." Journal of Climate, (Submitted)

    Comiso, J. C., G. P. Perez, and L. V. Stock. 2015. "Enhanced Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature and Its Relation to Typhoon Haiyan." Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 18 (1): 1-10.

    Gutt, J., N. Bertler, T. J. Bracegirdle, et al. A. Buschmann, J. Comiso, G. Hosie, E. Isla, I. R. Schloss, C. R. Smith, J. Tournadre, and J. C. Xavier. 2015. "The Southern Ocean ecosystem under multiple climate change stresses - an integrated circumpolar assessment." Global Change Biology, 21 (4): 1434-1453 [10.1111/gcb.12794]

    Alibuyog, N. A., and J. C. Comiso. 2015. "Assessment of rice and corn crops in Northern Philippines using NDVI data from MODIS." Philippine Remote Sensing Journal, 1 (1): 53 - 64.

    Perez, G. J., and J. C. Comiso. 2015. "Monitoring Philippine Vegetation using satellite NDVI and EVI data." Philippine Remote Sensing Journal, 1 (1): 39 - 52.

    Bieniek, P. A., U. S. Bhatt, D. A. Walker, et al. M. K. Raynolds, J. C. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, J. E. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, R. L. Thoman, H. Tran, N. Mölders, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and W. Ermold. 2015. "Climate drivers linked to changing seasonality of Alaska coastal tundra vegetation productivity." Earth Interact., 151016095240009 [10.1175/ei-d-15-0013.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2014. "Sea Ice Concentration and Extent." Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing , New York: 727-743 , ISBN: 978-0-387-36698-2. [10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_162]

    Comiso, J., and D. Hall. 2014. "Climate trends in the Arctic as observed from space." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5 (3): 389-409 [10.1002/wcc.277]

    Perez, G. P., and J. C. Comiso. 2014. "Seasonal and Interannual Variabilities of Philippine Vegetation as Seen from Space." Philippine Journal of Science, 143 (2): 147-155.

    Hall, D. K., J. C. Comiso, N. E. Digirolamo, et al. C. A. Shuman, J. E. Box, and L. S. Koenig. 2013. "Variability in the surface temperature and melt extent of the Greenland ice sheet from MODIS." Geophys. Res. Lett, 40 (10): 2114-2120 [10.1002/grl.50240]

    Chan, M., and J. C. Comiso. 2013. "Arctic Cloud Characteristics as Derived from MODIS, CALIPSO , and CloudSat." J. Climate, 26 (10): 3285-3306 [10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00204.1]

    Bhatt, U., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, et al. P. A. Bienick, H. E. Epstein, J. Comiso, J. Pinzon, C. Tucker, and I. V. Polyakov. 2013. "Recent Declines in Warming and Vegetation Greening Trends over Pan-Arctic Tundra." Remote Sensing, 5 (9): 4229-4254 [10.3390/rs5094229]

    Hall, D., J. Comiso, N. DiGirolamo, et al. C. Shuman, J. Key, and L. Koenig. 2012. "A Satellite-Derived Climate-Quality Data Record of the Clear-Sky Surface Temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet." Journal of Climate, 25 (14): 4785-4798 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00365.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2012. "Large Decadal Decline of the Arctic Multiyear Ice Cover." Journal of Climate, 25 (4): 1176–1193 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00113.1]

    Comiso, J., R. Kwok, S. Martin, and A. Gordon. 2011. "Variability and trends in sea ice extent and ice production in the Ross Sea." J. Geophys. Res., 116 (C4): C04021 [10.1029/2010JC006391]

    Chan, M., and J. Comiso. 2011. "Cloud features detected by MODIS but not by CloudSat and CALIOP." Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (24): L24813 [10.1029/2011GL050063]

    Bhatt, U., D. Walker, M. Raynolds, et al. J. C. Comiso, H. Epstein, G. Jia, R. Gens, J. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, C. Tweedie, and P. Webber. 2010. "Circumpolar Arctic Tundra Vegetation Change Is Linked to Sea Ice Decline." Earth Interactions, 14 (8): 1-20 [10.1175/2010EI315.1]

    Shibata, A., H. Murakami, and J. C. Comiso. 2010. "Sea Surface Temperature in Arctic Ocean from 2002 to 2009 Observed by Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-E." J. Remote Sensing Society of Japan, 2 (30): 105-113 [10.11440/rssj.30.105]

    Steig, E., D. P. Schneider, S. D. Rutherford, et al. M. E. Mann, J. C. Comiso, and D. T. Shindell. 2009. "Corrigendum: Warming of the Antarctic ice-sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year." Nature, 460 (7256): 766-766 [10.1038/nature08286]

    Walker, D. A., U. S. Blatt, M. K. Reynolds, et al. J. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, and G. J. Jin. 2009. "Land Vegetation, in State of the Climate in 2008." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,

    Walker, D., M. O. Leibman, H. E. Epstein, et al. B. C. Forbes, U. S. Bhatt, M. K. Raynolds, J. Comiso, A. A. Gubarkov, A. V. Khomutov, G. J. Jia, E. Kaarlejarvi, J. O. Kaplan, T. Kumpula, P. Kuss, G. Matyshak, N. G. Moskalenko, P. Orekhov, V. E. Romanovsky, N. G. Ukraientseva, and Q. Yu. 2009. "Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting the Arctic normalized difference vegetation index." Environ. Res. Lett., 4 (4): 045004 [10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045004]

    Turner, J., J. C. Comiso, G. Marshall, et al. T. Lachlan-Cope, T. Bracegirdle, T. Maksym, M. Meredith, Z. Wang, and A. Orr. 2009. "Non‐annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent." Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (8): L08502 [10.1029/2009GL037524]

    Smith Jr, W. O., and J. Comiso. 2008. "Influence of sea ice on primary production in the Southern Ocean: A satellite perspective." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (C5): C05S93 [10.1029/2007JC004251]

    Comiso, J. C., and F. Nishio. 2008. "Trends in the sea ice cover using enhanced and compatible AMSR-E, SSM/I, and SMMR data." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (C2): C02S07 [10.1029/2007JC004257]

    Comiso, J. C., and K. Steffen. 2008. "Introduction to special section on Large-Scale Characteristics of the Sea Ice Cover from AMSR-E and Other Satellite Sensors." J Geophys Res, 113 (C2): C02S01 [10.1029/2007JC004442]

    Comiso, J. C., and C. L. Parkinson. 2008. "Arctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I." Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C2): C02S05 [10.1029/2007JC004255]

    Parkinson, C. L., and J. C. Comiso. 2008. "Antarctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I." Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C2): C02S06 [10.1029/2007JC004253]

    Comiso, J. C., C. L. Parkinson, R. A. Gersten, and L. V. Stock. 2008. "Accelerated decline in the Arctic sea ice cover." Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (1): L01703 [10.1029/2007GL031972]

    Raynolds, M. K., J. C. Comiso, D. A. Walker, and D. Verbyla. 2008. "Relationship between satellite-derived land surface temperatures, arctic vegetation types, and NDVI." Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (4): 1884-1894 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.09.008]

    Yang, J., and J. Comiso. 2007. "An unexpected seasonal variability of salinity in the Beaufort Sea upper layer in 1996–1998." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (C5): C05034 [10.1029/2004JC002716]

    Kwok, R., J. C. Comiso, S. Martin, and R. Drucker. 2007. "Ross Sea polynyas: Response of ice concentration retrievals to large areas of thin ice." J Geophys Res, 112 (C12012): 13 pp.

    Lemke, P., and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, Cambridge, United Kingdom: 337-383, ISBN: 9780521828703.

    Drinkwater, M. R., and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "Sea Ice: The Shifting Crust of Southern Ocean." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, Cambridge, United Kingdom: 238-242, ISBN: 9780521828703.

    Comiso, J. C., and M. R. Drinkwater. 2007. "Antarctic Polynyas: Ventilation, Bottom Water, and High Productivity for the World's Oceans." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, Cambridge, United Kingdom: 243-249, ISBN: 9780521828703.

    Gordon, A., M. Visbeck, and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "A Possible Link between the Weddell Polynya and the Southern Annular Mode." J Clim, 20 (11): 2558-2571 [10.1175/JCLI4046.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2006. "Abrupt decline in the Arctic winter sea ice cover." Geophys Res Letts, 33 (18): L18504 [10.1029/2006GL027341]

    Comiso, J. C. 2006. "Arctic warming signals from satellite observations." Weather, 61 (3): 70-76 [10.1256/wea.222.05]

    Comiso, J. C., and C. L. Parkinson. 2004. "Satellite-observed changes in the Arctic." Physics Today, 57 (8): 38-44.

    Worby, A. P., and J. C. Comiso. 2004. "Studies of the Antarctic sea ice edge and ice extent from satellite and ship observations." Remote Sens Environ, 92: 98-111.

    Schneider, D. P., J. C. Comiso, and E. J. Steig. 2004. "Recent Climate Variability in Antarctica from Satellite-Derived Temperature Data." J Clim, 17: 1569-1583.

    Cota, G. F., J. Wang, and J. C. Comiso. 2004. "Transformation of global satellite chlorophyll retrievals with a regionally tuned algorithm." Remote Sens Environ, 90: 373-377.

    Yang, J., J. C. Comiso, D. Walsh, R. Krishfield, and S. Honjo. 2004. "Storm-driven mixing and potential impact on the Arctic Ocean." J Geophys Res, 109: 40196.

    Comiso, J. C., D. J. Cavalieri, and T. Markus. 2003. "Sea ice concentration, ice temperature, and snow depth using AMSR-E data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 41 (2): 243-252 [10.1109/TGRS.2002.808317]

    Comiso, J. C. 2003. "Large Scale Characteristics and Variability of the Global Sea Ice Cover, in Sea Ice, An Introduction to its Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology." Blackwell publishing, Chap 4: 112-142.

    King, J. C., and J. C. Comiso. 2003. "The Spatial Coherence of Interannual Temperature Variations in the Antarctic Peninsula." Geophys Res Lett, 30 (2): 12-1 - 12-4.

    Comiso, J. C. 2003. "Warming Trends in the Arctic form Clear-Sky Satellite Observations." J Clim, 16: 3498-3510.

    Ackley, S., P. Wadhams, J. C. Comiso, and A. P. Worby. 2003. "Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on the basis of historical and modern sea ice records." Polar Res, 22 (1): 19-25 [10.3402/polar.v22i1.6439]

    Zwally, H. J., J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, D. J. Cavalieri, and P. Gloersen. 2002. "Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998." Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (C5): 9-1 - 9-19. [10.1029/2000JC000733]

    Comiso, J. C. 2002. "A rapidly decling perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic." Geophys Res Lett, 29 (20): 17-1 - 17-4 [10.1029/2002GL015650]

    Shuman, C. A., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "In situ and satellite surface temperature records in Antarctica." Ann Glaciol, 34: 113-120.

    Kwok, R., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "Southern Ocean Climate and Sea Ice Anomalies Associated with the Southern Oscillation." J Clim, 15: 487-501.

    Kwok, R., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "Spatial patterns of variability in Antarctic surface temperature: Connections to the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode and the Southern Oscillation." Geophys Res Lett, 29 (14): 50-1 - 50-4.

    Comiso, J. C. 2002. "Correlation and trend studies of the sea-ice cover and surface temperatures in the Arctic." Ann Glaciol, 34 (1): 420-428(9) [10.3189/172756402781818067]

    Gloersen, P., W. J. Campbell, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, and H. J. Zwally. 1992. "Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice, 1978-1987: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations and Analysis." NASA SP-511: Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 290 pp.

    Parkinson, C. L., J. C. Comiso, H. J. Zwally, et al. D. J. Cavalieri, P. Gloersen, and W. J. Campbell. 1987. "Arctic Sea Ice, 1973-1976: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations." NASA SP-489: Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 296 pp.

    Zwally, H. J., J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, et al. W. J. Campbell, F. D. Carsey, and P. Gloersen. 1983. "Antarctic Sea Ice, 1973-1976: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations." NASA SP-459: Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 206 pp.

    Non-Refereed

    Babin, M., K. Arrigo, S. Bélanger, M. Benoît-Gagné, and J. C. Comiso, eds. 2015. "Ocean Colour Remote Sensing in Polar Seas." International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG) 16: pp. 129.

    Comiso, J. C. 2015. "Variability and trends of the Global Sea Ice Covers and Sea Levels: Effects on Physicochemical Parameters." Climate Change and Marine and Freshwater Toxins Berlin, Germany: ISBN: 978-3-11-033359-6.

    Goetz, S., H. E. Epstein, D. Alcaraz, et al. P. A. Beck, U. BhatY, A. Bunn, J. C. Comiso, G. J. Jia, O. Kaplan, H. Lischke, A. Lloyd, Q. Yu, and D. A. Walker. 2011. "Recent changes in Arctic vegetation: satellite observations and simulation model predictions." Eurasian Arctic land cover and land use in a changing climate 306: Amsterdam:

    Comiso, J. C. 2010. "Polar Oceans from Space." 41 (Atmospheric and Ocea): New York: Springer, 1 -507, ISBN: 978-0-387-36628-9. [doi 10.1007/978-0-387- 68300-3]

    Comiso, J. C. 2010. "Variability and Trends of the Global Sea ice Cover." Sea Ice - an introduction to its physics, biology, chemistry, and geology Oxford, UK: 205-246.

    Walker, D., B. C. Forbes, M. O. Leibman, et al. H. E. Epstein, U. S. Bhatt, J. C. Comiso, D. S. Drozdov, A. A. Gubarkov, G. J. Jia, E. Kaarlejärvi, J. O. Kaplan, A. V. Khomutov, G. P. Kofinas, T. Kumpula, P. Kuss, N. G. Moskalenko, N. A. Meschtyb, A. Pajunen, M. K. Raynolds, V. E. Romanovsky, F. Stammler, and Q. Yu. 2010. "Cumulative effects of rapid land-cover and land-use changes on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia." Eurasian Arctic Land Cover and Land Use in a Changing Climate Amsterdam: 207-236 [10.1007/978-90-481-9118-5_9]

    Smith, W., and J. C. Comiso. 2009. "Southern ocean primary productivity: Variability and a view to the future." Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to the International Polar Year Science 309-318, ISBN: 978-0-9788460-1-5. [10.5479/si.097884601X.23]

    Comiso, J. C. 2007. "A Big Arctic Perennial Ice Anomaly." PORSEC Bulletin 1.3: 2 pp [Full Text (Link)]

    Cavalieri, D. J., J. Maslanik, T. Markus, et al. J. C. Stroeve, M. Sturm, J. Heinrichs, E. J. Kim, A. J. Gasiewski, and J. C. Comiso. 2003. "EOS Aqua AMSR-E Arctic Sea Ice Validation Program." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 4894: Hangzhou, China, 413-424 [10.1117/12.467791]

    Parkinson, C. L., J. C. Comiso, and H. J. Zwally. 1987. "Satellite-derived ice data sets No. 2: Arctic monthly average microwave brightness temperatures and sea ice concentrations, 1973-1976." NASA Technical Memorandum 87825 Greenbelt, Maryland: 39 pp.

    Brief Bio

     

    Josefino Comiso is a senior research scientist at the Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory of the Goddard Space Flight Center.  He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the University of the Philippines, Masters Degree in Physics from Florida State University and Ph. D. in physics from the University of California in Los Angeles.  He held a post-doctoral position at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and worked as a senior consultant for Computer Sciences Corporation before joining NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.  At Goddard, his research led to new insights into many important processes in the polar regions including: (a) deep ocean convection and the influence of polynyas and Odden on bottom water formation; (b) phytoplankton blooms and relationships with the sea ice cover and (c) climate change signals as revealed by the changing sea ice cover and accelerated warming in the Arctic region. He was the chief scientist in many NASA aircraft missions in the Arctic and Antarctic that included a flight over a nuclear submarine near the North Pole that demonstrated the feasibility of measuring sea ice thickness from space. He has been a member of satellite sensor teams and has developed algorithms for the retrieval of sea ice concentration, surface temperature, and clouds.  He has been the recipient of several NASA awards including the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal, outstanding scientist awards by professional societies and institutions and has served as visiting scientist in many international institutes.  He is the author or co-author of 5 books,20 book chapters and more than 130 refereed journal articles and is a coordinating lead author of the IPCC/WG1 AR5 (2014) report on "Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis."

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Comiso, J. C. 2016. "Global trends in the sea ice cover and associated surface temperature ." International Society of Programmetry and Remote Sensing Annals (In Press)

    Comiso, J. C., R. Gersten, L. Stock, et al. J. Turner, G. J. Perez, and K. Cho. 2016. "Positive trend in the Antarctic sea ice cover and associated changes in surface temperature." Journal of Climate (Submitted)

    Comiso, J. C., G. P. Perez, and L. V. Stock. 2015. "Enhanced Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature and Its Relation to Typhoon Haiyan." Journal of Environmental Science and Management 18 (1): 1-10

    Gutt, J., N. Bertler, T. J. Bracegirdle, et al. A. Buschmann, J. Comiso, G. Hosie, E. Isla, I. R. Schloss, C. R. Smith, J. Tournadre, and J. C. Xavier. 2015. "The Southern Ocean ecosystem under multiple climate change stresses - an integrated circumpolar assessment." Global Change Biology 21 (4): 1434-1453 [10.1111/gcb.12794]

    Alibuyog, N. A., and J. C. Comiso. 2015. "Assessment of rice and corn crops in Northern Philippines using NDVI data from MODIS." Philippine Remote Sensing Journal 1 (1): 53 - 64

    Perez, G. J., and J. C. Comiso. 2015. "Monitoring Philippine Vegetation using satellite NDVI and EVI data." Philippine Remote Sensing Journal 1 (1): 39 - 52

    Bieniek, P. A., U. S. Bhatt, D. A. Walker, et al. M. K. Raynolds, J. C. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, J. E. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, R. L. Thoman, H. Tran, N. Mölders, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and W. Ermold. 2015. "Climate drivers linked to changing seasonality of Alaska coastal tundra vegetation productivity." Earth Interact. 151016095240009 [10.1175/ei-d-15-0013.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2014. "Sea Ice Concentration and Extent." Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing 727-743 [10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_162]

    Comiso, J., and D. Hall. 2014. "Climate trends in the Arctic as observed from space." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 5 (3): 389-409 [10.1002/wcc.277]

    Perez, G. P., and J. C. Comiso. 2014. "Seasonal and Interannual Variabilities of Philippine Vegetation as Seen from Space." Philippine Journal of Science 143 (2): 147-155

    Hall, D. K., J. C. Comiso, N. E. Digirolamo, et al. C. A. Shuman, J. E. Box, and L. S. Koenig. 2013. "Variability in the surface temperature and melt extent of the Greenland ice sheet from MODIS." Geophys. Res. Lett 40 (10): 2114-2120 [10.1002/grl.50240]

    Chan, M., and J. C. Comiso. 2013. "Arctic Cloud Characteristics as Derived from MODIS, CALIPSO , and CloudSat." J. Climate 26 (10): 3285-3306 [10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00204.1]

    Bhatt, U., D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, et al. P. A. Bienick, H. E. Epstein, J. Comiso, J. Pinzon, C. Tucker, and I. V. Polyakov. 2013. "Recent Declines in Warming and Vegetation Greening Trends over Pan-Arctic Tundra." Remote Sensing 5 (9): 4229-4254 [10.3390/rs5094229]

    Hall, D., J. Comiso, N. DiGirolamo, et al. C. Shuman, J. Key, and L. Koenig. 2012. "A Satellite-Derived Climate-Quality Data Record of the Clear-Sky Surface Temperature of the Greenland Ice Sheet." Journal of Climate 25 (14): 4785-4798 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00365.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2012. "Large Decadal Decline of the Arctic Multiyear Ice Cover." Journal of Climate 25 (4): 1176–1193 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00113.1]

    Comiso, J., R. Kwok, S. Martin, and A. Gordon. 2011. "Variability and trends in sea ice extent and ice production in the Ross Sea." J. Geophys. Res. 116 (C4): C04021 [10.1029/2010JC006391]

    Chan, M., and J. Comiso. 2011. "Cloud features detected by MODIS but not by CloudSat and CALIOP." Geophysical Research Letters 38 (24): L24813 [10.1029/2011GL050063]

    Bhatt, U., D. Walker, M. Raynolds, et al. J. C. Comiso, H. Epstein, G. Jia, R. Gens, J. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, C. Tweedie, and P. Webber. 2010. "Circumpolar Arctic Tundra Vegetation Change Is Linked to Sea Ice Decline." Earth Interactions 14 (8): 1-20 [10.1175/2010EI315.1]

    Shibata, A., H. Murakami, and J. C. Comiso. 2010. "Sea Surface Temperature in Arctic Ocean from 2002 to 2009 Observed by Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-E." J. Remote Sensing Society of Japan 2 (30): 105-113 [10.11440/rssj.30.105]

    Steig, E., D. P. Schneider, S. D. Rutherford, et al. M. E. Mann, J. C. Comiso, and D. T. Shindell. 2009. "Corrigendum: Warming of the Antarctic ice-sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year." Nature 460 (7256): 766-766 [10.1038/nature08286]

    Walker, D. A., U. S. Blatt, M. K. Reynolds, et al. J. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, and G. J. Jin. 2009. "Land Vegetation, in State of the Climate in 2008." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

    Walker, D., M. O. Leibman, H. E. Epstein, et al. B. C. Forbes, U. S. Bhatt, M. K. Raynolds, J. Comiso, A. A. Gubarkov, A. V. Khomutov, G. J. Jia, E. Kaarlejarvi, J. O. Kaplan, T. Kumpula, P. Kuss, G. Matyshak, N. G. Moskalenko, P. Orekhov, V. E. Romanovsky, N. G. Ukraientseva, and Q. Yu. 2009. "Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting the Arctic normalized difference vegetation index." Environ. Res. Lett. 4 (4): 045004 [10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045004]

    Turner, J., J. C. Comiso, G. Marshall, et al. T. Lachlan-Cope, T. Bracegirdle, T. Maksym, M. Meredith, Z. Wang, and A. Orr. 2009. "Non‐annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent." Geophysical Research Letters 36 (8): L08502 [10.1029/2009GL037524]

    Smith Jr, W. O., and J. Comiso. 2008. "Influence of sea ice on primary production in the Southern Ocean: A satellite perspective." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (C5): C05S93 [10.1029/2007JC004251]

    Comiso, J. C., and F. Nishio. 2008. "Trends in the sea ice cover using enhanced and compatible AMSR-E, SSM/I, and SMMR data." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (C2): C02S07 [10.1029/2007JC004257]

    Comiso, J. C., and K. Steffen. 2008. "Introduction to special section on Large-Scale Characteristics of the Sea Ice Cover from AMSR-E and Other Satellite Sensors." J Geophys Res 113 (C2): C02S01 [10.1029/2007JC004442]

    Comiso, J. C., and C. L. Parkinson. 2008. "Arctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I." Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (C2): C02S05 [10.1029/2007JC004255]

    Parkinson, C. L., and J. C. Comiso. 2008. "Antarctic sea ice parameters from AMSR-E data using two techniques and comparisons with sea ice from SSM/I." Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (C2): C02S06 [10.1029/2007JC004253]

    Comiso, J. C., C. L. Parkinson, R. A. Gersten, and L. V. Stock. 2008. "Accelerated decline in the Arctic sea ice cover." Geophysical Research Letters 35 (1): L01703 [10.1029/2007GL031972]

    Raynolds, M. K., J. C. Comiso, D. A. Walker, and D. Verbyla. 2008. "Relationship between satellite-derived land surface temperatures, arctic vegetation types, and NDVI." Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (4): 1884-1894 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.09.008]

    Yang, J., and J. Comiso. 2007. "An unexpected seasonal variability of salinity in the Beaufort Sea upper layer in 1996–1998." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (C5): C05034 [10.1029/2004JC002716]

    Kwok, R., J. C. Comiso, S. Martin, and R. Drucker. 2007. "Ross Sea polynyas: Response of ice concentration retrievals to large areas of thin ice." J Geophys Res 112 (C12012): 13 pp

    Lemke, P., and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space 337-383

    Drinkwater, M. R., and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "Sea Ice: The Shifting Crust of Southern Ocean." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space 238-242

    Comiso, J. C., and M. R. Drinkwater. 2007. "Antarctic Polynyas: Ventilation, Bottom Water, and High Productivity for the World's Oceans." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space 243-249

    Gordon, A., M. Visbeck, and J. C. Comiso. 2007. "A Possible Link between the Weddell Polynya and the Southern Annular Mode." J Clim 20 (11): 2558-2571 [10.1175/JCLI4046.1]

    Comiso, J. C. 2006. "Abrupt decline in the Arctic winter sea ice cover." Geophys Res Letts 33 (18): L18504 [10.1029/2006GL027341]

    Comiso, J. C. 2006. "Arctic warming signals from satellite observations." Weather 61 (3): 70-76 [10.1256/wea.222.05]

    Comiso, J. C., and C. L. Parkinson. 2004. "Satellite-observed changes in the Arctic." Physics Today 57 (8): 38-44.

    Worby, A. P., and J. C. Comiso. 2004. "Studies of the Antarctic sea ice edge and ice extent from satellite and ship observations." Remote Sens Environ 92 98-111

    Schneider, D. P., J. C. Comiso, and E. J. Steig. 2004. "Recent Climate Variability in Antarctica from Satellite-Derived Temperature Data." J Clim 17 1569-1583

    Cota, G. F., J. Wang, and J. C. Comiso. 2004. "Transformation of global satellite chlorophyll retrievals with a regionally tuned algorithm." Remote Sens Environ 90 373-377

    Yang, J., J. C. Comiso, D. Walsh, R. Krishfield, and S. Honjo. 2004. "Storm-driven mixing and potential impact on the Arctic Ocean." J Geophys Res 109 40196

    Comiso, J. C., D. J. Cavalieri, and T. Markus. 2003. "Sea ice concentration, ice temperature, and snow depth using AMSR-E data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 41 (2): 243-252 [10.1109/TGRS.2002.808317]

    Comiso, J. C. 2003. "Large Scale Characteristics and Variability of the Global Sea Ice Cover, in Sea Ice, An Introduction to its Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology." Blackwell publishing Chap 4 112-142

    King, J. C., and J. C. Comiso. 2003. "The Spatial Coherence of Interannual Temperature Variations in the Antarctic Peninsula." Geophys Res Lett 30 (2): 12-1 - 12-4

    Comiso, J. C. 2003. "Warming Trends in the Arctic form Clear-Sky Satellite Observations." J Clim 16 3498-3510

    Ackley, S., P. Wadhams, J. C. Comiso, and A. P. Worby. 2003. "Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on the basis of historical and modern sea ice records." Polar Res 22 (1): 19-25 [10.3402/polar.v22i1.6439]

    Zwally, H. J., J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, D. J. Cavalieri, and P. Gloersen. 2002. "Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998." Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (C5): 9-1 - 9-19. [10.1029/2000JC000733]

    Comiso, J. C. 2002. "A rapidly decling perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic." Geophys Res Lett 29 (20): 17-1 - 17-4 [10.1029/2002GL015650]

    Shuman, C. A., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "In situ and satellite surface temperature records in Antarctica." Ann Glaciol 34 113-120

    Kwok, R., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "Southern Ocean Climate and Sea Ice Anomalies Associated with the Southern Oscillation." J Clim 15 487-501

    Kwok, R., and J. C. Comiso. 2002. "Spatial patterns of variability in Antarctic surface temperature: Connections to the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode and the Southern Oscillation." Geophys Res Lett 29 (14): 50-1 - 50-4

    Comiso, J. C. 2002. "Correlation and trend studies of the sea-ice cover and surface temperatures in the Arctic." Ann Glaciol 34 (1): 420-428(9) [10.3189/172756402781818067]

    Gloersen, P., W. J. Campbell, D. J. Cavalieri, et al. J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, and H. J. Zwally. 1992. "Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice, 1978-1987: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations and Analysis." NASA SP-511 290 pp.

    Parkinson, C. L., J. C. Comiso, H. J. Zwally, et al. D. J. Cavalieri, P. Gloersen, and W. J. Campbell. 1987. "Arctic Sea Ice, 1973-1976: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations." NASA SP-489 296 pp.

    Zwally, H. J., J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, et al. W. J. Campbell, F. D. Carsey, and P. Gloersen. 1983. "Antarctic Sea Ice, 1973-1976: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations." NASA SP-459 206 pp.

    Non-Refereed

    Babin, M., K. Arrigo, S. Bélanger, M. Benoît-Gagné, and J. C. Comiso. 2015. "Ocean Colour Remote Sensing in Polar Seas." International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG) 16 pp. 129

    Comiso, J. C. 2015. "Variability and trends of the Global Sea Ice Covers and Sea Levels: Effects on Physicochemical Parameters." Climate Change and Marine and Freshwater Toxins

    Goetz, S., H. E. Epstein, D. Alcaraz, et al. P. A. Beck, U. BhatY, A. Bunn, J. C. Comiso, G. J. Jia, O. Kaplan, H. Lischke, A. Lloyd, Q. Yu, and D. A. Walker. 2011. "Recent changes in Arctic vegetation: satellite observations and simulation model predictions." Eurasian Arctic land cover and land use in a changing climate 306

    Comiso, J. C. 2010. "Polar Oceans from Space." 41 (Atmospheric and Ocea): 1 -507 [doi 10.1007/978-0-387- 68300-3]

    Comiso, J. C. 2010. "Variability and Trends of the Global Sea ice Cover." Sea Ice - an introduction to its physics, biology, chemistry, and geology 205-246

    Walker, D., B. C. Forbes, M. O. Leibman, et al. H. E. Epstein, U. S. Bhatt, J. C. Comiso, D. S. Drozdov, A. A. Gubarkov, G. J. Jia, E. Kaarlejärvi, J. O. Kaplan, A. V. Khomutov, G. P. Kofinas, T. Kumpula, P. Kuss, N. G. Moskalenko, N. A. Meschtyb, A. Pajunen, M. K. Raynolds, V. E. Romanovsky, F. Stammler, and Q. Yu. 2010. "Cumulative effects of rapid land-cover and land-use changes on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia." Eurasian Arctic Land Cover and Land Use in a Changing Climate 207-236 [10.1007/978-90-481-9118-5_9]

    Smith, W., and J. C. Comiso. 2009. "Southern ocean primary productivity: Variability and a view to the future." Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to the International Polar Year Science 309-318 [10.5479/si.097884601X.23]

    Comiso, J. C. 2007. "A Big Arctic Perennial Ice Anomaly." PORSEC Bulletin 1.3 2 pp [Full Text (Link)]

    Cavalieri, D. J., J. Maslanik, T. Markus, et al. J. C. Stroeve, M. Sturm, J. Heinrichs, E. J. Kim, A. J. Gasiewski, and J. C. Comiso. 2003. "EOS Aqua AMSR-E Arctic Sea Ice Validation Program." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 4894 413-424 [10.1117/12.467791]

    Parkinson, C. L., J. C. Comiso, and H. J. Zwally. 1987. "Satellite-derived ice data sets No. 2: Arctic monthly average microwave brightness temperatures and sea ice concentrations, 1973-1976." NASA Technical Memorandum 87825 39 pp.

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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