Ian Giles Richardson

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Ian Giles Richardson

  • RESEARCH ASSOCIATE
  • 301.286.3079
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 672
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIV OF MARYLAND COLLEGE PARK
  • Brief Bio

    1978: BSc (1st class hons.) Physics, Imperial College London.
    1983: PhD in Physics/Cosmic Rays and Space Physics, Imperial College, London

    1981-88: Research Assistant, Space and Atmospheric Physics Group, Imperial College, London

    1988-2010: Research Associate, Assistant Research Scientist, Associate Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2010-2014: Assistant Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2014-2016: Associate Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2016-present: Associate Research Scientist, GPHI and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

     

    Education

    B.Sc. (1st Class Honours) in Physics, Imperial College, University of London, 1978.


    Ph.D. in Physics/Cosmic Rays & Space Physics, Imperial College, 1983.
    Thesis title: "Spacecraft Observations at 1 AU of Low Energy Ions in Co-rotating Solar Wind Streams"; Supervisor: Dr. R. J. Hynds.

    Professional Societies

    American Geophysical Union, 1989 - Present
    Secretary for solar and heliospheric physics, 2010-2014; Coordinated SH sessions for the AGU Fall Meeting, also member of the Space Physics and Aeronomy Executive Committee.

    Awards

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by Wing Ip, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 1990;

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by J. H. Waite, Geophysical Research Letters, 1995;

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by Shadia Habal, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 2004;

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by Louis Lanzerotti, Space Weather, 2006.

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by Margaret Chen, Geophysical Research Letters, 2009.

    American Geophysical Union "Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing", cited by Michael Liemohn, Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, 2014.

    Advances in Space Research "Top Ten Reviewer", 2015

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Liou, K., T. Sotirelis, and I. Richardson. 2018. "Substorm Occurrence and Intensity Associated With Three Types of Solar Wind Structure." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123 (1): 485-496 [10.1002/2017ja024451]

    Yang, Z., F. Shen, J. Zhang, et al. Y. Yang, X. Feng, and I. G. Richardson. 2018. "Correlation Between the Magnetic Field and Plasma Parameters at 1 AU." Solar Physics, 293 (2): 24 [10.1007/s11207-017-1238-5]

    Munini, R., M. Boezio, A. Bruno, et al. E. C. Christian, G. A. Nolfo, V. D. Felice, M. Martucci, M. Merge’, I. G. Richardson, J. M. Ryan, S. Stochaj, O. Adriani, G. C. Barbarino, G. A. Bazilevskaya, R. Bellotti, M. Bongi, V. Bonvicini, S. Bottai, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, G. Castellini, C. D. Santis, A. M. Galper, A. V. Karelin, S. V. Koldashov, S. Koldobskiy, S. Y. Krutkov, A. N. Kvashnin, A. Leonov, V. Malakhov, L. Marcelli, A. G. Mayorov, W. Menn, V. V. Mikhailov, E. Mocchiutti, A. Monaco, N. Mori, G. Osteria, B. Panico, P. Papini, M. Pearce, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, S. B. Ricciarini, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, Y. I. Stozhkov, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. Vasilyev, S. A. Voronov, Y. T. Yurkin, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, and M. S. Potgieter. 2018. "Evidence of Energy and Charge Sign Dependence of the Recovery Time for the 2006 December Forbush Event Measured by the PAMELA Experiment." The Astrophysical Journal, 853 (1): 76 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaa0c8]

    Richardson, I. G. 2018. "Solar wind stream interaction regions throughout the heliosphere." Living Reviews in Solar Physics, 15 (1): 1 [10.1007/s41116-017-0011-z]

    Bruno, A., G. A. Bazilevskaya, M. Boezio, et al. E. R. Christian, G. A. Nolfo, M. Martucci, M. Merge’, V. V. Mikhailov, R. Munini, I. G. Richardson, J. M. Ryan, S. Stochaj, O. Adriani, G. C. Barbarino, R. Bellotti, E. A. Bogomolov, M. Bongi, V. Bonvicini, S. Bottai, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, G. Castellini, C. D. Santis, V. D. Felice, A. M. Galper, A. V. Karelin, S. V. Koldashov, S. Koldobskiy, S. Y. Krutkov, A. N. Kvashnin, A. Leonov, V. Malakhov, L. Marcelli, A. G. Mayorov, W. Menn, E. Mocchiutti, A. Monaco, N. Mori, G. Osteria, B. Panico, P. Papini, M. Pearce, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, S. B. Ricciarini, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, Y. I. Stozhkov, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. I. Vasilyev, S. A. Voronov, Y. T. Yurkin, G. Zampa, and N. Zampa. 2018. "Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by the PAMELA Mission." The Astrophysical Journal, 862 (2): 97 [10.3847/1538-4357/aacc26]

    Savani, N. P., A. Vourlidas, I. G. Richardson, et al. A. Szabo, B. J. Thompson, A. Pulkkinen, M. L. Mays, T. Nieves-Chinchilla, and V. Bothmer. 2017. "Predicting the magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections arriving at Earth: 2. Geomagnetic response." Space Weather, 15 (2): 441-461 [10.1002/2016sw001458]

    Aschwanden, M. J., A. Caspi, C. M. Cohen, et al. G. Holman, J. Jing, M. Kretzschmar, E. P. Kontar, J. M. McTiernan, R. A. Mewaldt, A. O’Flannagain, I. G. Richardson, D. Ryan, H. P. Warren, and Y. Xu. 2017. "Global Energetics of Solar Flares. V. Energy Closure in Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections." The Astrophysical Journal, 836 (1): 17 [10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/17]

    Lario, D., R.-Y. Kwon, I. G. Richardson, et al. N. E. Raouafi, B. J. Thompson, T. T. Rosenvinge, M. L. Mays, P. A. Mäkelä, H. Xie, H. M. Bain, M. Zhang, L. Zhao, H. V. Cane, A. Papaioannou, N. Thakur, and P. Riley. 2017. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of 2010 August 14: Connectivity with the Solar Source Inferred from Multiple Spacecraft Observations and Modeling." The Astrophysical Journal, 838 (1): 51 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa63e4]

    Witasse, O., B. Sánchez-Cano, M. L. Mays, et al. P. Kajdič, H. Opgenoorth, H. A. Elliott, I. G. Richardson, I. Zouganelis, J. Zender, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, L. Turc, M. G. Taylor, E. Roussos, A. Rouillard, I. Richter, J. D. Richardson, R. Ramstad, G. Provan, A. Posner, J. J. Plaut, D. Odstrcil, H. Nilsson, P. Niemenen, S. E. Milan, K. Mandt, H. Lohf, M. Lester, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Kuulkers, N. Krupp, C. Koenders, M. K. James, D. Intzekara, M. Holmstrom, D. M. Hassler, B. E. Hall, J. Guo, R. Goldstein, C. Goetz, K. H. Glassmeier, V. Génot, H. Evans, J. Espley, N. J. Edberg, M. Dougherty, S. W. Cowley, J. Burch, E. Behar, S. Barabash, D. J. Andrews, and N. Altobelli. 2017. "Interplanetary coronal mass ejection observed at STEREO-A, Mars, comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Saturn, and New Horizons en route to Pluto: Comparison of its Forbush decreases at 1.4, 3.1, and 9.9 AU." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122 (8): 7865-7890 [10.1002/2017ja023884]

    Richardson, I. G. 2016. "Voyager observations in the distant heliosheath: An analogy with ISEE-3 observations in the deep geomagnetic tail." Advances in Space Research, 60: 826-832 [10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.032]

    Kanekal, S. G., D. N. Baker, J. F. Fennell, et al. A. Jones, Q. Schiller, I. G. Richardson, X. Li, D. L. Turner, S. Califf, S. G. Claudepierre, L. B. Wilson, A. Jaynes, J. B. Blake, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, C. A. Kletzing, and J. R. Wygant. 2016. "Prompt acceleration of magnetospheric electrons to ultrarelativistic energies by the 17 March 2015 interplanetary shock." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121 (8): 7622-7635 [10.1002/2016ja022596]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2016. "North/South Hemispheric Periodicities in the > 25 MeV Solar Proton Event Rate During the Rising and Peak Phases of Solar Cycle 24." Sol Phys, 291 (7): 2117-2134 [10.1007/s11207-016-0948-4]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2016. "25MeV solar proton events in Cycle 24 and previous cycles." Advances in Space Research, 60: 755-767 [10.1016/j.asr.2016.07.035]

    Neugebauer, M., D. Reisenfeld, and I. G. Richardson. 2016. "Comparison of algorithms for determination of solar wind regimes." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121: 8215–8227 [10.1002/2016ja023142]

    Savani, N. P., A. Vourlidas, A. Szabo, et al. M. L. Mays, I. G. Richardson, B. J. Thompson, A. Pulkkinen, R. Evans, and T. Nieves-Chinchilla. 2015. "Predicting the magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections arriving at Earth: 1. Initial architecture." Space Weather, 13: 374 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1002/2015SW001171]

    Mays, M. L., A. Taktakishvili, A. Pulkkinen, et al. P. J. MacNeice, L. Rastätter, D. Odstrcil, L. K. Jian, I. G. Richardson, J. A. LaSota, Y. Zheng, and M. M. Kuznetsova. 2015. "Ensemble Modeling of CMEs Using the WSA–ENLIL+Cone Model." Sol Phys, 290 (6): 1775-1814 [10.1007/s11207-015-0692-1]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2015. "The Properties of Solar Energetic Particle Event-Associated Coronal Mass Ejections Reported in Different CME Catalogs." Sol Phys, 290 (6): 1741-1759 [10.1007/s11207-015-0701-4]

    Kanekal, S. G., D. N. Baker, M. G. Henderson, et al. W. Li, J. F. Fennell, Y. Zheng, I. G. Richardson, A. Jones, A. F. Ali, S. R. Elkington, A. Jaynes, X. Li, J. B. Blake, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, and C. A. Kletzing. 2015. "Relativistic electron response to the combined magnetospheric impact of a coronal mass ejection overlapping with a high-speed stream: Van Allen Probes observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 120 (9): 7629-7641 [10.1002/2015ja021395]

    Lopez, R., W. Gonzalez, V. Vasyliūnas, et al. I. Richardson, C. Cid, E. Echer, G. Reeves, and P. Brandt. 2015. "Decrease in SYM-H during a storm main phase without evidence of a ring current injection." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 134: 118-129 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.09.016]

    Prikryl, P., P. Jayachandran, S. C. Mushini, and I. G. Richardson. 2014. "High-latitude GPS phase scintillation and cycle slips during high-speed solar wind streams and interplanetary coronal mass ejections: a superposed epoch analysis." Earth Planet Space, 66 (1): 62 [10.1186/1880-5981-66-62]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, H. V. Cane, et al. E. R. Christian, C. M. Cohen, A. W. Labrador, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt, M. E. Wiedenbeck, and E. C. Stone. 2014. "> 25 MeV Proton Events Observed by the High Energy Telescopes on the STEREO A and B Spacecraft and/or at Earth During the First similar to aEuro parts per thousand Seven Years of the STEREO Mission." SOLAR PHYSICS, 289: 3059-3107 [10.1007/s11207-014-0524-8]

    Richardson, I. G. 2014. "Identification of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections at Ulysses Using Multiple Solar Wind Signatures." Sol Phys, 289 (10): 3843-3894 [10.1007/s11207-014-0540-8]

    Holappa, L., K. Mursula, T. Asikainen, and I. G. Richardson. 2014. "Annual fractions of high-speed streams from principal component analysis of local geomagnetic activity." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119 (6): 4544-4555 [10.1002/2014ja019958]

    Riley, P., and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Using Statistical Multivariable Models to Understand the Relationship Between Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejecta and Magnetic Flux Ropes." Sol Phys, 284 (1): 217-233 [10.1007/s11207-012-0006-9]

    Li, W., R. Thorne, J. Bortnik, et al. R. McPherron, Y. Nishimura, V. Angelopoulos, and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Evolution of chorus waves and their source electrons during storms driven by corotating interaction regions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 117 (A8): [10.1029/2012ja017797]

    Prikryl, P., P. T. Jayachandran, S. C. Mushini, and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Toward the probabilistic forecasting of high-latitude GPS phase scintillation." Space Weather, 10 (8): [10.1029/2012sw000800]

    Cliver, E. W., I. G. Richardson, and A. G. Ling. 2011. "Solar Drivers of 11-yr and Long-Term Cosmic Ray Modulation." Space Sci Rev, 176 (1-4): 3-19 [10.1007/s11214-011-9746-3]

    Emery, B. A., I. G. Richardson, D. S. Evans, F. J. Rich, and G. R. Wilson. 2011. "Solar Rotational Periodicities and the Semiannual Variation in the Solar Wind, Radiation Belt, and Aurora." Sol Phys, 274 (1-2): 399-425 [10.1007/s11207-011-9758-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2011. "Galactic Cosmic Ray Intensity Response to Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections/Magnetic Clouds in 1995 – 2009." Sol Phys, 270 (2): 609-627 [10.1007/s11207-011-9774-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2011. "Geoeffectiveness ( Dst and Kp ) of interplanetary coronal mass ejections during 1995-2009 and implications for storm forecasting." Space Weather, 9 (7): [10.1029/2011sw000670]

    Kahler, S. W., D. K. Haggerty, and I. G. Richardson. 2011. "MAGNETIC FIELD-LINE LENGTHS IN INTERPLANETARY CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS INFERRED FROM ENERGETIC ELECTRON EVENTS." The Astrophysical Journal, 736 (2): 106 [10.1088/0004-637x/736/2/106]

    Lee, C. O., J. G. Luhmann, I. de Pater, et al. G. M. Mason, D. Haggerty, I. G. Richardson, H. V. Cane, L. K. Jian, C. T. Russell, and M. I. Desai. 2010. "Organization of Energetic Particles by the Solar Wind Structure During the Declining to Minimum Phase of Solar Cycle 23." Sol Phys, 263 (1-2): 239-261 [10.1007/s11207-010-9556-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2010. "Near-Earth Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections During Solar Cycle 23 (1996 – 2009): Catalog and Summary of Properties." Sol Phys, 264 (1): 189-237 [10.1007/s11207-010-9568-6]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2010. "Interplanetary circumstances of quasi-perpendicular interplanetary shocks in 1996–2005." Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (A7): A07103 [10.1029/2009ja015039]

    Cane, H. V., I. G. Richardson, and T. T. von Rosenvinge. 2010. "A study of solar energetic particle events of 1997–2006: Their composition and associations." Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (A8): A08101 [10.1029/2009ja014848]

    Farrugia, C. J., N. V. Erkaev, N. C. Maynard, et al. I. G. Richardson, P. E. Sandholt, D. Langmayr, K. W. Ogilvie, A. Szabo, U. Taubenschuss, R. B. Torbert, and H. K. Biernat. 2009. "Effects on the distant geomagnetic tail of a fivefold density drop in the inner sheath region of a magnetic cloud: A joint Wind-ACE study." Advances in Space Research, 44: 1288-1294 [10.1016/j.asr.2009.07.003]

    von Rosenvinge, T., I. Richardson, D. Reames, et al. C. Cohen, A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2009. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of December 14, 2006." Solar Physics, 256: 443.

    von Rosenvinge, T. T., I. G. Richardson, D. V. Reames, et al. C. M. Cohen, A. C. Cummings, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt, E. C. Stone, and M. E. Wiedenbeck. 2009. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of 14 December 2006." Sol Phys, 256 (1-2): 443-462 [10.1007/s11207-009-9353-6]

    Emery, B. A., I. G. Richardson, D. S. Evans, and F. J. Rich. 2009. "Solar wind structure sources and periodicities of auroral electron power over three solar cycles." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 71 (10-11): 1157-1175 [10.1016/j.jastp.2008.08.005]

    Zhang, J., W. Poomvises, and I. G. Richardson. 2008. "Sizes and relative geoeffectiveness of interplanetary coronal mass ejections and the preceding shock sheaths during intense storms in 1996–2005." Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (2): L02109 [10.1029/2007gl032045]

    MacDowall, R. J., I. G. Richardson, R. A. Hess, and G. Thejappa. 2008. "Re-examining the correlation of complex solar type III radio bursts and solar energetic particles." IAU, 4 (S257): 335 [10.1017/s1743921309029512]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, and D. F. Webb. 2008. "Interplanetary origin of multiple-dip geomagnetic storms." Journal of Geophysical Research, 113: A00A12 [10.1029/2008ja013228]

    Zhang, J., I. Richardson, D. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. Thompson, C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. Zhukov. 2007. "Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms (Dst <= -100 nT) during 1996-2005." Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 112: 10102 [10.1029/2007JA012321]

    Zhang, J., I. Richardson, D. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. Thompson, C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. Zhukov. 2007. "Correction to 'Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms (Dst <= -100 nT) during 1996-2005'." Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 112: 12103 [10.1029/2007JA012891]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, D. F. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. C. Kasper, N. V. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. J. Thompson, C.-C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. N. Zhukov. 2007. "Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms ( Dst ≤ −100 nT) during 1996–2005." Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (A10): A10102 [10.1029/2007ja012321]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, D. F. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. V. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. J. Thompson, C.-C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. N. Zhukov. 2007. "Correction to “Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms ( Dst ≤ −100 nT) during 1996–2005”." Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (A12): A12103 [10.1029/2007ja012891]

    Riley, P., C. Schatzman, H. Cane, I. Richardson, and N. Gopalswamy. 2006. "On the Rates of Coronal Mass Ejections: Remote Solar and In Situ Observations." The Astrophysical Journal, 647: 648-653 [ 10.1086/505383]

    Richardson, I. G., G. R. Lawrence, D. K. Haggerty, T. A. Kucera, and A. Szabo. 2003. "Are CME ``interactions'' really important for accelerating major solar energetic particle events?" Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (12): 8014 [10.1029/2002GL016424]

    Berdichevsky, D., I. Richardson, B. Thompson, et al. D. Reames, R. MacDowall, S. Plunkett, D. Michels, M. Kaiser, R. Lepping, K. Ogilvie, and R. Stone. 2000. "Examples of Fast Solar Wind Transients, Their Sources and the Forecast of Possible Geomagnetic Impact." Geofisica Internacional, 39: 5.

    Brief Bio

    1978: BSc (1st class hons.) Physics, Imperial College London.
    1983: PhD in Physics/Cosmic Rays and Space Physics, Imperial College, London

    1981-88: Research Assistant, Space and Atmospheric Physics Group, Imperial College, London

    1988-2010: Research Associate, Assistant Research Scientist, Associate Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2010-2014: Assistant Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2014-2016: Associate Research Scientist, CRESST and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

    2016-present: Associate Research Scientist, GPHI and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park.

     

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Liou, K., T. Sotirelis, and I. Richardson. 2018. "Substorm Occurrence and Intensity Associated With Three Types of Solar Wind Structure." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 123 (1): 485-496 [10.1002/2017ja024451]

    Yang, Z., F. Shen, J. Zhang, et al. Y. Yang, X. Feng, and I. G. Richardson. 2018. "Correlation Between the Magnetic Field and Plasma Parameters at 1 AU." Solar Physics 293 (2): 24 [10.1007/s11207-017-1238-5]

    Munini, R., M. Boezio, A. Bruno, et al. E. C. Christian, G. A. Nolfo, V. D. Felice, M. Martucci, M. Merge’, I. G. Richardson, J. M. Ryan, S. Stochaj, O. Adriani, G. C. Barbarino, G. A. Bazilevskaya, R. Bellotti, M. Bongi, V. Bonvicini, S. Bottai, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, G. Castellini, C. D. Santis, A. M. Galper, A. V. Karelin, S. V. Koldashov, S. Koldobskiy, S. Y. Krutkov, A. N. Kvashnin, A. Leonov, V. Malakhov, L. Marcelli, A. G. Mayorov, W. Menn, V. V. Mikhailov, E. Mocchiutti, A. Monaco, N. Mori, G. Osteria, B. Panico, P. Papini, M. Pearce, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, S. B. Ricciarini, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, Y. I. Stozhkov, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. Vasilyev, S. A. Voronov, Y. T. Yurkin, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, and M. S. Potgieter. 2018. "Evidence of Energy and Charge Sign Dependence of the Recovery Time for the 2006 December Forbush Event Measured by the PAMELA Experiment." The Astrophysical Journal 853 (1): 76 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaa0c8]

    Richardson, I. G. 2018. "Solar wind stream interaction regions throughout the heliosphere." Living Reviews in Solar Physics 15 (1): 1 [10.1007/s41116-017-0011-z]

    Bruno, A., G. A. Bazilevskaya, M. Boezio, et al. E. R. Christian, G. A. Nolfo, M. Martucci, M. Merge’, V. V. Mikhailov, R. Munini, I. G. Richardson, J. M. Ryan, S. Stochaj, O. Adriani, G. C. Barbarino, R. Bellotti, E. A. Bogomolov, M. Bongi, V. Bonvicini, S. Bottai, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, G. Castellini, C. D. Santis, V. D. Felice, A. M. Galper, A. V. Karelin, S. V. Koldashov, S. Koldobskiy, S. Y. Krutkov, A. N. Kvashnin, A. Leonov, V. Malakhov, L. Marcelli, A. G. Mayorov, W. Menn, E. Mocchiutti, A. Monaco, N. Mori, G. Osteria, B. Panico, P. Papini, M. Pearce, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, S. B. Ricciarini, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, Y. I. Stozhkov, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. I. Vasilyev, S. A. Voronov, Y. T. Yurkin, G. Zampa, and N. Zampa. 2018. "Solar Energetic Particle Events Observed by the PAMELA Mission." The Astrophysical Journal 862 (2): 97 [10.3847/1538-4357/aacc26]

    Savani, N. P., A. Vourlidas, I. G. Richardson, et al. A. Szabo, B. J. Thompson, A. Pulkkinen, M. L. Mays, T. Nieves-Chinchilla, and V. Bothmer. 2017. "Predicting the magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections arriving at Earth: 2. Geomagnetic response." Space Weather 15 (2): 441-461 [10.1002/2016sw001458]

    Aschwanden, M. J., A. Caspi, C. M. Cohen, et al. G. Holman, J. Jing, M. Kretzschmar, E. P. Kontar, J. M. McTiernan, R. A. Mewaldt, A. O’Flannagain, I. G. Richardson, D. Ryan, H. P. Warren, and Y. Xu. 2017. "Global Energetics of Solar Flares. V. Energy Closure in Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections." The Astrophysical Journal 836 (1): 17 [10.3847/1538-4357/836/1/17]

    Lario, D., R.-Y. Kwon, I. G. Richardson, et al. N. E. Raouafi, B. J. Thompson, T. T. Rosenvinge, M. L. Mays, P. A. Mäkelä, H. Xie, H. M. Bain, M. Zhang, L. Zhao, H. V. Cane, A. Papaioannou, N. Thakur, and P. Riley. 2017. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of 2010 August 14: Connectivity with the Solar Source Inferred from Multiple Spacecraft Observations and Modeling." The Astrophysical Journal 838 (1): 51 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa63e4]

    Witasse, O., B. Sánchez-Cano, M. L. Mays, et al. P. Kajdič, H. Opgenoorth, H. A. Elliott, I. G. Richardson, I. Zouganelis, J. Zender, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, L. Turc, M. G. Taylor, E. Roussos, A. Rouillard, I. Richter, J. D. Richardson, R. Ramstad, G. Provan, A. Posner, J. J. Plaut, D. Odstrcil, H. Nilsson, P. Niemenen, S. E. Milan, K. Mandt, H. Lohf, M. Lester, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Kuulkers, N. Krupp, C. Koenders, M. K. James, D. Intzekara, M. Holmstrom, D. M. Hassler, B. E. Hall, J. Guo, R. Goldstein, C. Goetz, K. H. Glassmeier, V. Génot, H. Evans, J. Espley, N. J. Edberg, M. Dougherty, S. W. Cowley, J. Burch, E. Behar, S. Barabash, D. J. Andrews, and N. Altobelli. 2017. "Interplanetary coronal mass ejection observed at STEREO-A, Mars, comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Saturn, and New Horizons en route to Pluto: Comparison of its Forbush decreases at 1.4, 3.1, and 9.9 AU." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 122 (8): 7865-7890 [10.1002/2017ja023884]

    Richardson, I. G. 2016. "Voyager observations in the distant heliosheath: An analogy with ISEE-3 observations in the deep geomagnetic tail." Advances in Space Research 60 826-832 [10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.032]

    Kanekal, S. G., D. N. Baker, J. F. Fennell, et al. A. Jones, Q. Schiller, I. G. Richardson, X. Li, D. L. Turner, S. Califf, S. G. Claudepierre, L. B. Wilson, A. Jaynes, J. B. Blake, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, C. A. Kletzing, and J. R. Wygant. 2016. "Prompt acceleration of magnetospheric electrons to ultrarelativistic energies by the 17 March 2015 interplanetary shock." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 121 (8): 7622-7635 [10.1002/2016ja022596]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2016. "North/South Hemispheric Periodicities in the > 25 MeV Solar Proton Event Rate During the Rising and Peak Phases of Solar Cycle 24." Sol Phys 291 (7): 2117-2134 [10.1007/s11207-016-0948-4]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2016. "25MeV solar proton events in Cycle 24 and previous cycles." Advances in Space Research 60 755-767 [10.1016/j.asr.2016.07.035]

    Neugebauer, M., D. Reisenfeld, and I. G. Richardson. 2016. "Comparison of algorithms for determination of solar wind regimes." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 121 8215–8227 [10.1002/2016ja023142]

    Savani, N. P., A. Vourlidas, A. Szabo, et al. M. L. Mays, I. G. Richardson, B. J. Thompson, A. Pulkkinen, R. Evans, and T. Nieves-Chinchilla. 2015. "Predicting the magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections arriving at Earth: 1. Initial architecture." Space Weather 13 374 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1002/2015SW001171]

    Mays, M. L., A. Taktakishvili, A. Pulkkinen, et al. P. J. MacNeice, L. Rastätter, D. Odstrcil, L. K. Jian, I. G. Richardson, J. A. LaSota, Y. Zheng, and M. M. Kuznetsova. 2015. "Ensemble Modeling of CMEs Using the WSA–ENLIL+Cone Model." Sol Phys 290 (6): 1775-1814 [10.1007/s11207-015-0692-1]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, and H. V. Cane. 2015. "The Properties of Solar Energetic Particle Event-Associated Coronal Mass Ejections Reported in Different CME Catalogs." Sol Phys 290 (6): 1741-1759 [10.1007/s11207-015-0701-4]

    Kanekal, S. G., D. N. Baker, M. G. Henderson, et al. W. Li, J. F. Fennell, Y. Zheng, I. G. Richardson, A. Jones, A. F. Ali, S. R. Elkington, A. Jaynes, X. Li, J. B. Blake, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, and C. A. Kletzing. 2015. "Relativistic electron response to the combined magnetospheric impact of a coronal mass ejection overlapping with a high-speed stream: Van Allen Probes observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 120 (9): 7629-7641 [10.1002/2015ja021395]

    Lopez, R., W. Gonzalez, V. Vasyliūnas, et al. I. Richardson, C. Cid, E. Echer, G. Reeves, and P. Brandt. 2015. "Decrease in SYM-H during a storm main phase without evidence of a ring current injection." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 134 118-129 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.09.016]

    Prikryl, P., P. Jayachandran, S. C. Mushini, and I. G. Richardson. 2014. "High-latitude GPS phase scintillation and cycle slips during high-speed solar wind streams and interplanetary coronal mass ejections: a superposed epoch analysis." Earth Planet Space 66 (1): 62 [10.1186/1880-5981-66-62]

    Richardson, I. G., T. T. von Rosenvinge, H. V. Cane, et al. E. R. Christian, C. M. Cohen, A. W. Labrador, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt, M. E. Wiedenbeck, and E. C. Stone. 2014. "> 25 MeV Proton Events Observed by the High Energy Telescopes on the STEREO A and B Spacecraft and/or at Earth During the First similar to aEuro parts per thousand Seven Years of the STEREO Mission." SOLAR PHYSICS 289 3059-3107 [10.1007/s11207-014-0524-8]

    Richardson, I. G. 2014. "Identification of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections at Ulysses Using Multiple Solar Wind Signatures." Sol Phys 289 (10): 3843-3894 [10.1007/s11207-014-0540-8]

    Holappa, L., K. Mursula, T. Asikainen, and I. G. Richardson. 2014. "Annual fractions of high-speed streams from principal component analysis of local geomagnetic activity." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 119 (6): 4544-4555 [10.1002/2014ja019958]

    Riley, P., and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Using Statistical Multivariable Models to Understand the Relationship Between Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejecta and Magnetic Flux Ropes." Sol Phys 284 (1): 217-233 [10.1007/s11207-012-0006-9]

    Li, W., R. Thorne, J. Bortnik, et al. R. McPherron, Y. Nishimura, V. Angelopoulos, and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Evolution of chorus waves and their source electrons during storms driven by corotating interaction regions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 117 (A8): [10.1029/2012ja017797]

    Prikryl, P., P. T. Jayachandran, S. C. Mushini, and I. G. Richardson. 2012. "Toward the probabilistic forecasting of high-latitude GPS phase scintillation." Space Weather 10 (8): [10.1029/2012sw000800]

    Cliver, E. W., I. G. Richardson, and A. G. Ling. 2011. "Solar Drivers of 11-yr and Long-Term Cosmic Ray Modulation." Space Sci Rev 176 (1-4): 3-19 [10.1007/s11214-011-9746-3]

    Emery, B. A., I. G. Richardson, D. S. Evans, F. J. Rich, and G. R. Wilson. 2011. "Solar Rotational Periodicities and the Semiannual Variation in the Solar Wind, Radiation Belt, and Aurora." Sol Phys 274 (1-2): 399-425 [10.1007/s11207-011-9758-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2011. "Galactic Cosmic Ray Intensity Response to Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections/Magnetic Clouds in 1995 – 2009." Sol Phys 270 (2): 609-627 [10.1007/s11207-011-9774-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2011. "Geoeffectiveness ( Dst and Kp ) of interplanetary coronal mass ejections during 1995-2009 and implications for storm forecasting." Space Weather 9 (7): [10.1029/2011sw000670]

    Kahler, S. W., D. K. Haggerty, and I. G. Richardson. 2011. "MAGNETIC FIELD-LINE LENGTHS IN INTERPLANETARY CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS INFERRED FROM ENERGETIC ELECTRON EVENTS." The Astrophysical Journal 736 (2): 106 [10.1088/0004-637x/736/2/106]

    Lee, C. O., J. G. Luhmann, I. de Pater, et al. G. M. Mason, D. Haggerty, I. G. Richardson, H. V. Cane, L. K. Jian, C. T. Russell, and M. I. Desai. 2010. "Organization of Energetic Particles by the Solar Wind Structure During the Declining to Minimum Phase of Solar Cycle 23." Sol Phys 263 (1-2): 239-261 [10.1007/s11207-010-9556-x]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2010. "Near-Earth Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections During Solar Cycle 23 (1996 – 2009): Catalog and Summary of Properties." Sol Phys 264 (1): 189-237 [10.1007/s11207-010-9568-6]

    Richardson, I. G., and H. V. Cane. 2010. "Interplanetary circumstances of quasi-perpendicular interplanetary shocks in 1996–2005." Journal of Geophysical Research 115 (A7): A07103 [10.1029/2009ja015039]

    Cane, H. V., I. G. Richardson, and T. T. von Rosenvinge. 2010. "A study of solar energetic particle events of 1997–2006: Their composition and associations." Journal of Geophysical Research 115 (A8): A08101 [10.1029/2009ja014848]

    Farrugia, C. J., N. V. Erkaev, N. C. Maynard, et al. I. G. Richardson, P. E. Sandholt, D. Langmayr, K. W. Ogilvie, A. Szabo, U. Taubenschuss, R. B. Torbert, and H. K. Biernat. 2009. "Effects on the distant geomagnetic tail of a fivefold density drop in the inner sheath region of a magnetic cloud: A joint Wind-ACE study." Advances in Space Research 44 1288-1294 [10.1016/j.asr.2009.07.003]

    von Rosenvinge, T., I. Richardson, D. Reames, et al. C. Cohen, A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2009. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of December 14, 2006." Solar Physics 256 443.

    von Rosenvinge, T. T., I. G. Richardson, D. V. Reames, et al. C. M. Cohen, A. C. Cummings, R. A. Leske, R. A. Mewaldt, E. C. Stone, and M. E. Wiedenbeck. 2009. "The Solar Energetic Particle Event of 14 December 2006." Sol Phys 256 (1-2): 443-462 [10.1007/s11207-009-9353-6]

    Emery, B. A., I. G. Richardson, D. S. Evans, and F. J. Rich. 2009. "Solar wind structure sources and periodicities of auroral electron power over three solar cycles." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 71 (10-11): 1157-1175 [10.1016/j.jastp.2008.08.005]

    Zhang, J., W. Poomvises, and I. G. Richardson. 2008. "Sizes and relative geoeffectiveness of interplanetary coronal mass ejections and the preceding shock sheaths during intense storms in 1996–2005." Geophysical Research Letters 35 (2): L02109 [10.1029/2007gl032045]

    MacDowall, R. J., I. G. Richardson, R. A. Hess, and G. Thejappa. 2008. "Re-examining the correlation of complex solar type III radio bursts and solar energetic particles." IAU 4 (S257): 335 [10.1017/s1743921309029512]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, and D. F. Webb. 2008. "Interplanetary origin of multiple-dip geomagnetic storms." Journal of Geophysical Research 113 A00A12 [10.1029/2008ja013228]

    Zhang, J., I. Richardson, D. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. Thompson, C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. Zhukov. 2007. "Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms (Dst <= -100 nT) during 1996-2005." Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics) 112 10102 [10.1029/2007JA012321]

    Zhang, J., I. Richardson, D. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. Thompson, C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. Zhukov. 2007. "Correction to 'Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms (Dst <= -100 nT) during 1996-2005'." Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics) 112 12103 [10.1029/2007JA012891]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, D. F. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. C. Kasper, N. V. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. J. Thompson, C.-C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. N. Zhukov. 2007. "Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms ( Dst ≤ −100 nT) during 1996–2005." Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (A10): A10102 [10.1029/2007ja012321]

    Zhang, J., I. G. Richardson, D. F. Webb, et al. N. Gopalswamy, E. Huttunen, J. Kasper, N. V. Nitta, W. Poomvises, B. J. Thompson, C.-C. Wu, S. Yashiro, and A. N. Zhukov. 2007. "Correction to “Solar and interplanetary sources of major geomagnetic storms ( Dst ≤ −100 nT) during 1996–2005”." Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (A12): A12103 [10.1029/2007ja012891]

    Riley, P., C. Schatzman, H. Cane, I. Richardson, and N. Gopalswamy. 2006. "On the Rates of Coronal Mass Ejections: Remote Solar and In Situ Observations." The Astrophysical Journal 647 648-653 [ 10.1086/505383]

    Richardson, I. G., G. R. Lawrence, D. K. Haggerty, T. A. Kucera, and A. Szabo. 2003. "Are CME ``interactions'' really important for accelerating major solar energetic particle events?" Geophysical Research Letters 30 (12): 8014 [10.1029/2002GL016424]

    Berdichevsky, D., I. Richardson, B. Thompson, et al. D. Reames, R. MacDowall, S. Plunkett, D. Michels, M. Kaiser, R. Lepping, K. Ogilvie, and R. Stone. 2000. "Examples of Fast Solar Wind Transients, Their Sources and the Forecast of Possible Geomagnetic Impact." Geofisica Internacional 39 5.

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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