Eric R Christian

Eric R Christian

  • SUPV RSCH AST, FIELDS AND PARTICLES
  • 301.286.2919 | 301.286.7194
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 672
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Eric Christian is a Senior Research Scientist in the Heliospheric Laboratory (Code 672) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and the lead scientist for the Energetic Particle Laboratory. He is the Deputy Principal Investigator for the Integrated Scientific Investigation of the Sun (ISIS) instrument suite on the Solar Probe Plus mission. He is Mission Scientist for the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) and Deputy Project Scientist for the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) and the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE). Between 2002 and 2008, Dr. Christian worked at NASA Headquarters as the Program Scientist for a number of missions, including the two Voyager spacecraft. His scientific interests are the origin of energetic particles (galactic cosmic rays, anomalous cosmic rays, solar energetic particles, and energetic neutral atoms) and the design, construction, integration and test of particle detectors. He has also done scientific work on Voyager as well as a large number of sub-orbital balloon experiments. He has been active in NASA Education and Public Outreach for his entire career. Dr. Christian has a BA in Physics and Astronomy from the University of Pennsylvania (1982) and a PhD in Physics from the California Institute of Technology (1989).

    Publications

    Refereed

    Posner, A., D. Odstrcil, P. MacNeice, et al. L. Rastaetter, C. Zeitlin, B. Heber, H. Elliott, R. A. Frahm, J. J. Hayes, T. T. von Rosenvinge, E. R. Christian, J. P. Andrews, R. Beaujean, S. Bottcher, D. E. Brinza, M. A. Bullock, S. Burmeister, F. A. Cucinotta, B. Ehresmann, M. Epperly, D. Grinspoon, J. Guo, D. M. Hassler, M.-H. Kim, J. Kohler, O. Kortmann, C. Martin Garcia, R. Muller-Mellin, K. Neal, S. C. Rafkin, G. Reitz, L. Seimetz, K. D. Smith, Y. Tyler, E. Weigle, and R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber. 2013. "The Hohmann–Parker effect measured by the Mars Science Laboratory on the transfer from Earth to Mars: Consequences and opportunities." Planetary and Space Science, 89: 127-139 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.09.013]

    Sittler, E. C., J. F. Cooper, R. E. Hartle, et al. W. R. Paterson, E. R. Christian, A. S. Lipatov, P. R. Mahaffy, N. P. Paschalidis, M. A. Coplan, T. A. Cassidy, J. D. Richardson, B. Fegley, and N. Andre. 2013. "Plasma ion composition measurements for Europa." Planetary and Space Science, 88: 26-41 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.01.013]

    Barbier, S. B., L. Bartolone, E. Christian, et al. J. Thieman, T. Eastman, and E. Lewis. 2011. "Extraordinary Matter: Visualizing Space Plasmas and Particles." Earth and Space Science: Making Connections in Education and Public Outreach, 443: 211-.

    Sittler, E., J. Cooper, R. Hartle, et al. W. Paterson, E. Christian, A. Lipatov, P. Mahaffy, N. Paschalidis, M. Sarantos, M. Coplan, T. Cassidy, and P. Wurz. 2011. "Plasma IMS Composition Measurements for Europa, Ganymede, and the Jovian System." EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2011, 1747-:

    Schwadron, N. A., F. Allegrini, M. Bzowski, et al. E. R. Christian, G. B. Crew, M. Dayeh, R. DeMajistre, P. Frisch, H. O. Funsten, S. A. Fuselier, K. Goodrich, M. Gruntman, P. Janzen, H. Kucharek, G. Livadiotis, D. J. McComas, E. Moebius, C. Prested, D. Reisenfeld, M. Reno, E. Roelof, J. Siegel, and R. Vanderspek. 2011. "Separation of the Interstellar Boundary Explorer Ribbon from Globally Distributed Energetic Neutral Atom Flux." The Astrophysical Journal, 731: 56 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/1/56]

    Binns, W., E. Christian, A. Cummings, et al. G. deNolfo, M. Israel, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, T. von Rosenvinge, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2010. "Evidence for the OB Association Origin of Galactic Cosmic Rays." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 42: 705-.

    Kaiser, M. L., T. A. Kucera, J. M. Davila, et al. O. C. StCyr, M. Guhathakurta, and E. Christian. 2008. "The STEREO Mission: An Introduction." Space Science Reviews, 136: 5-16 [10.1007/s11214-007-9277-0]

    Barbier, L. M., R. Smith, S. Murphy, et al. E. R. Christian, R. Farley, J. F. Krizmanic, J. W. Mitchell, R. E. Streitmatter, E. C. Loh, and S. Stochaj. 2005. "NIGHTGLOW: an instrument to measure the Earth’s nighttime ultraviolet glow—results from the first engineering flight." Astroparticle Physics, 22: 439 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.astropartphys.2004.10.002]

    Cohen, C., E. Christian, A. Cummings, et al. R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, T. von Rosenvinge, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Variability of spectra in large solar energetic particle events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 34:

    Cooper, J., E. Christian, and R. Johnson. 2002. "Space Weathering of Comets in the Outer Heliosphere and Beyond." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 34:

    vonRosenvinge, T., C. Cohen, E. Christian, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Time Variations in Elemental Abundances Observed in Solar Energetic Particle Events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 34: -.

    Leske, R., R. Mewaldt, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, E. Stone, M. Wiedenbeck, E. Christian, and T. von Rosenvinge. 2002. "Isotopic Fractionation in Large Solar Particle Events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 34: -.

    vonRosenvinge, T., C. Cohen, E. Christian, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, P. Slocum, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Time Variations in Elemental Abundances in Solar Energetic Particle Events." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts, A10-:

    Adriani, O., M. Ambriola, G. Barbarino, et al. L. M. Barbier, S. Bartalucci, G. Bazilevskaja, R. Bellotti, S. Bertazzoni, V. Bidoli, M. Boezio, E. Bogomolov, L. Bonechi, V. Bonvicini, M. Boscherini, U. Bravar, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, M. Castellano, G. Castellini, E. R. Christian, F. Ciacio, M. Circella, R. D'Alessandro, C. N. De Marzo, M. P. De Pascale, N. Finetti, G. Furano, A. Gabbanini, A. M. Galper, N. Giglietto, M. Grandi, A. Grigorjeva, F. Guarino, M. Hof, S. V. Koldashov, M. G. Korotkov, J. F. Krizmanic, S. Krutkov, J. Lund, B. Marangelli, L. Marino, W. Menn, V. V. Mikhailov, N. Mirizzi, J. W. Mitchell, E. Mocchiutti, A. A. Moiseev, A. Morselli, R. Mukhametshin, J. F. Ormes, G. Osteria, J. V. Ozerov, P. Papini, M. Pearce, A. Perego, S. Piccardi, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, A. Salsano, P. Schiavon, G. Scian, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, B. Spataro, P. Spillantini, P. Spinelli, S. A. Stephens, S. J. Stochaj, Y. Stozhkov, S. Straulino, R. E. Streitmatter, F. Taccetti, M. Tesi, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. Vasiljev, V. Vignoli, S. A. Voronov, Y. Yurkin, G. Zampa, and N. Zampa. 2002. "The PAMELA experiment on satellite and its capability in cosmic rays measurements." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A, 478: 114 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01726-0]

    Wiedenbeck, M., E. Christian, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, P. Slocum, E. Stone, and T. von Rosenvinge. 2001. "Variability of Energetic 3He in the Inner Heliosphere." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts, 62-:

    Christian, E., W. Binn, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, J. George, P. Hink, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, T. von Rosenvinge, M. Wiedenbeck, and N. Yanaska. 2001. "Modulation of galactic and anomalous cosmic rays (Oral papers and posters which were given at the conference, but for which no manuscripts were submitted)." The Outer Heliosphere: The Next Frontiers, 228-:

    Bonvicini, V., G. Barbiellini, M. Boezio, et al. E. Mocchiutti, P. Schiavon, G. Scian, A. Vacchi, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, D. Bergström, P. Carlson, T. Francke, J. Lund, M. Pearce, M. Hof, W. Menn, M. Simon, S. A. Stephens, M. Ambriola, R. Bellotti, F. Cafagna, F. Ciacio, M. Circella, C. De Marzo, N. Giglietto, B. Marangelli, N. Mirizzi, P. Spinelli, O. Adriani, M. Boscherini, R. D'Alessandro, N. Finetti, M. Grandi, P. Papini, A. Perego, S. Piccardi, P. Spillantini, E. Vannuccini, S. Bartalucci, L. Marino, M. Ricci, B. Spataro, V. Bidoli, M. Casolino, M. P. De Pascale, G. Furano, A. Morselli, P. Picozza, R. Sparvoli, L. M. Barbier, E. R. Christian, J. F. Krizmanic, J. W. Mitchell, J. F. Ormes, R. E. Streitmatter, U. Bravar, S. J. Stochaj, S. Bertazzoni, A. Salsano, G. Bazilevskaja, A. Grigorjeva, R. Mukhametshin, Y. Stozhokov, E. Bogomolv, S. Krutkov, G. Vasiljev, A. M. Galper, S. V. Koldashov, M. G. Korotkov, V. V. Mikhailov, A. A. Moissev, J. V. Ozerov, S. A. Voronov, Y. Yurkin, G. Castellini, A. Gabbanini, F. Taccetti, M. Tesi, and V. Vignoli. 2001. "The PAMELA experiment in space." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A, 461: 262 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0168-9002(00)01221-3]

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Eric Christian is a Senior Research Scientist in the Heliospheric Laboratory (Code 672) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and the lead scientist for the Energetic Particle Laboratory. He is the Deputy Principal Investigator for the Integrated Scientific Investigation of the Sun (ISIS) instrument suite on the Solar Probe Plus mission. He is Mission Scientist for the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) and Deputy Project Scientist for the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) and the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE). Between 2002 and 2008, Dr. Christian worked at NASA Headquarters as the Program Scientist for a number of missions, including the two Voyager spacecraft. His scientific interests are the origin of energetic particles (galactic cosmic rays, anomalous cosmic rays, solar energetic particles, and energetic neutral atoms) and the design, construction, integration and test of particle detectors. He has also done scientific work on Voyager as well as a large number of sub-orbital balloon experiments. He has been active in NASA Education and Public Outreach for his entire career. Dr. Christian has a BA in Physics and Astronomy from the University of Pennsylvania (1982) and a PhD in Physics from the California Institute of Technology (1989).

    Publications

    Refereed

    Posner, A., D. Odstrcil, P. MacNeice, et al. L. Rastaetter, C. Zeitlin, B. Heber, H. Elliott, R. A. Frahm, J. J. Hayes, T. T. von Rosenvinge, E. R. Christian, J. P. Andrews, R. Beaujean, S. Bottcher, D. E. Brinza, M. A. Bullock, S. Burmeister, F. A. Cucinotta, B. Ehresmann, M. Epperly, D. Grinspoon, J. Guo, D. M. Hassler, M.-H. Kim, J. Kohler, O. Kortmann, C. Martin Garcia, R. Muller-Mellin, K. Neal, S. C. Rafkin, G. Reitz, L. Seimetz, K. D. Smith, Y. Tyler, E. Weigle, and R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber. 2013. "The Hohmann–Parker effect measured by the Mars Science Laboratory on the transfer from Earth to Mars: Consequences and opportunities." Planetary and Space Science 89 127-139 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.09.013]

    Sittler, E. C., J. F. Cooper, R. E. Hartle, et al. W. R. Paterson, E. R. Christian, A. S. Lipatov, P. R. Mahaffy, N. P. Paschalidis, M. A. Coplan, T. A. Cassidy, J. D. Richardson, B. Fegley, and N. Andre. 2013. "Plasma ion composition measurements for Europa." Planetary and Space Science 88 26-41 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.01.013]

    Barbier, S. B., L. Bartolone, E. Christian, et al. J. Thieman, T. Eastman, and E. Lewis. 2011. "Extraordinary Matter: Visualizing Space Plasmas and Particles." Earth and Space Science: Making Connections in Education and Public Outreach 443 211-

    Sittler, E., J. Cooper, R. Hartle, et al. W. Paterson, E. Christian, A. Lipatov, P. Mahaffy, N. Paschalidis, M. Sarantos, M. Coplan, T. Cassidy, and P. Wurz. 2011. "Plasma IMS Composition Measurements for Europa, Ganymede, and the Jovian System." EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2011 1747-

    Schwadron, N. A., F. Allegrini, M. Bzowski, et al. E. R. Christian, G. B. Crew, M. Dayeh, R. DeMajistre, P. Frisch, H. O. Funsten, S. A. Fuselier, K. Goodrich, M. Gruntman, P. Janzen, H. Kucharek, G. Livadiotis, D. J. McComas, E. Moebius, C. Prested, D. Reisenfeld, M. Reno, E. Roelof, J. Siegel, and R. Vanderspek. 2011. "Separation of the Interstellar Boundary Explorer Ribbon from Globally Distributed Energetic Neutral Atom Flux." The Astrophysical Journal 731 56 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/731/1/56]

    Binns, W., E. Christian, A. Cummings, et al. G. deNolfo, M. Israel, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, T. von Rosenvinge, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2010. "Evidence for the OB Association Origin of Galactic Cosmic Rays." Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 42 705-

    Kaiser, M. L., T. A. Kucera, J. M. Davila, et al. O. C. StCyr, M. Guhathakurta, and E. Christian. 2008. "The STEREO Mission: An Introduction." Space Science Reviews 136 5-16 [10.1007/s11214-007-9277-0]

    Barbier, L. M., R. Smith, S. Murphy, et al. E. R. Christian, R. Farley, J. F. Krizmanic, J. W. Mitchell, R. E. Streitmatter, E. C. Loh, and S. Stochaj. 2005. "NIGHTGLOW: an instrument to measure the Earth’s nighttime ultraviolet glow—results from the first engineering flight." Astroparticle Physics 22 439 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.astropartphys.2004.10.002]

    Cohen, C., E. Christian, A. Cummings, et al. R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, T. von Rosenvinge, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Variability of spectra in large solar energetic particle events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 34

    Cooper, J., E. Christian, and R. Johnson. 2002. "Space Weathering of Comets in the Outer Heliosphere and Beyond." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 34

    vonRosenvinge, T., C. Cohen, E. Christian, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Time Variations in Elemental Abundances Observed in Solar Energetic Particle Events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 34 -

    Leske, R., R. Mewaldt, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, E. Stone, M. Wiedenbeck, E. Christian, and T. von Rosenvinge. 2002. "Isotopic Fractionation in Large Solar Particle Events." 34th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 34 -

    vonRosenvinge, T., C. Cohen, E. Christian, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, P. Slocum, E. Stone, and M. Wiedenbeck. 2002. "Time Variations in Elemental Abundances in Solar Energetic Particle Events." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts A10-

    Adriani, O., M. Ambriola, G. Barbarino, et al. L. M. Barbier, S. Bartalucci, G. Bazilevskaja, R. Bellotti, S. Bertazzoni, V. Bidoli, M. Boezio, E. Bogomolov, L. Bonechi, V. Bonvicini, M. Boscherini, U. Bravar, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, P. Carlson, M. Casolino, M. Castellano, G. Castellini, E. R. Christian, F. Ciacio, M. Circella, R. D'Alessandro, C. N. De Marzo, M. P. De Pascale, N. Finetti, G. Furano, A. Gabbanini, A. M. Galper, N. Giglietto, M. Grandi, A. Grigorjeva, F. Guarino, M. Hof, S. V. Koldashov, M. G. Korotkov, J. F. Krizmanic, S. Krutkov, J. Lund, B. Marangelli, L. Marino, W. Menn, V. V. Mikhailov, N. Mirizzi, J. W. Mitchell, E. Mocchiutti, A. A. Moiseev, A. Morselli, R. Mukhametshin, J. F. Ormes, G. Osteria, J. V. Ozerov, P. Papini, M. Pearce, A. Perego, S. Piccardi, P. Picozza, M. Ricci, A. Salsano, P. Schiavon, G. Scian, M. Simon, R. Sparvoli, B. Spataro, P. Spillantini, P. Spinelli, S. A. Stephens, S. J. Stochaj, Y. Stozhkov, S. Straulino, R. E. Streitmatter, F. Taccetti, M. Tesi, A. Vacchi, E. Vannuccini, G. Vasiljev, V. Vignoli, S. A. Voronov, Y. Yurkin, G. Zampa, and N. Zampa. 2002. "The PAMELA experiment on satellite and its capability in cosmic rays measurements." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A 478 114 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01726-0]

    Wiedenbeck, M., E. Christian, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, P. Slocum, E. Stone, and T. von Rosenvinge. 2001. "Variability of Energetic 3He in the Inner Heliosphere." AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts 62-

    Christian, E., W. Binn, C. Cohen, et al. A. Cummings, J. George, P. Hink, R. Leske, R. Mewaldt, E. Stone, T. von Rosenvinge, M. Wiedenbeck, and N. Yanaska. 2001. "Modulation of galactic and anomalous cosmic rays (Oral papers and posters which were given at the conference, but for which no manuscripts were submitted)." The Outer Heliosphere: The Next Frontiers 228-

    Bonvicini, V., G. Barbiellini, M. Boezio, et al. E. Mocchiutti, P. Schiavon, G. Scian, A. Vacchi, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, D. Bergström, P. Carlson, T. Francke, J. Lund, M. Pearce, M. Hof, W. Menn, M. Simon, S. A. Stephens, M. Ambriola, R. Bellotti, F. Cafagna, F. Ciacio, M. Circella, C. De Marzo, N. Giglietto, B. Marangelli, N. Mirizzi, P. Spinelli, O. Adriani, M. Boscherini, R. D'Alessandro, N. Finetti, M. Grandi, P. Papini, A. Perego, S. Piccardi, P. Spillantini, E. Vannuccini, S. Bartalucci, L. Marino, M. Ricci, B. Spataro, V. Bidoli, M. Casolino, M. P. De Pascale, G. Furano, A. Morselli, P. Picozza, R. Sparvoli, L. M. Barbier, E. R. Christian, J. F. Krizmanic, J. W. Mitchell, J. F. Ormes, R. E. Streitmatter, U. Bravar, S. J. Stochaj, S. Bertazzoni, A. Salsano, G. Bazilevskaja, A. Grigorjeva, R. Mukhametshin, Y. Stozhokov, E. Bogomolv, S. Krutkov, G. Vasiljev, A. M. Galper, S. V. Koldashov, M. G. Korotkov, V. V. Mikhailov, A. A. Moissev, J. V. Ozerov, S. A. Voronov, Y. Yurkin, G. Castellini, A. Gabbanini, F. Taccetti, M. Tesi, and V. Vignoli. 2001. "The PAMELA experiment in space." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A 461 262 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0168-9002(00)01221-3]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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