David M Mocko

David M Mocko

  • SCIENTIFIC PROG./ANA
  • 301.614.6222 | 301.614.5808
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 617
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: Science Application International Corp.
  • Brief Bio

    David M. Mocko is a Senior Research Scientist with Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) supporting the Hydrological Sciences Laboratory (HSL) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.  He graduated from Trenton State College (now The College of New Jersey) in 1991.  He then earned an M.S. in the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University in 1994.  David serves as a co-PI on proposals as part of the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS).  He is a core team member for land-surface model integration and evaluation for the Land Information System (LIS) software framework.  David has participated in a Coordinated Energy and water cycle Observations Project (CEOP) multi-model analysis intercomparison, water cycle studies using Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) and MERRA-2 reanalyses, and in the Global Soil Wetness Project (GSWP).  His research interests include land-surface modeling, drought monitoring and analysis, reanalyses, and the global energy and water cycle.

    Research Interests

    Hydrometeorology

    • Land-surface modeling
    • Drought monitoring and analysis
    • Soil moisture, snow depth/cover, and surface fluxes
    • Atmospheric/land reanalyses
    • Global energy and water cycle

    Current Projects

    Land Information System (LIS)

    https://lis.gsfc.nasa.gov/

    North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS)

    https://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/nldas/

    National Climate Assessment - Land Data Assimilation System

    https://ldas.gsfc.nasa.gov/NCA-LDAS/

    Positions/Employment

    8/2004 - Present

    Senior Research Scientist

    Science Applications International Corporation, Greenbelt, MD

    Supporting the Hydrological Sciences Laboratory, and formerly supporting the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office and the Climate and Radiation Branch.  Serving as Co-PI on proposals as part of the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS).  Developing the Land Information System (LIS) software framework as a member of the LIS core team.  Performed water cycle studies using MERRA and MERRA-2 datasets.  Serving as a member of the NOAA Drought Task Force.  Writing results from studies in peer-reviewed journals.  Presenting results at scientific conferences and meetings.

    10/1995 - 8/2004

    Scientific Programmer/Analyst

    Science Applications International Corporation, Greenbelt, MD

    Supported the Climate and Radiation Branch at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.  Improved a land-surface hydrology model via modifications of its physical parameterizations, including a new snow-physics scheme.  Simulated climate studies using an atmospheric general circulation model.  Participated in the Global Soil Wetness Project (GSWP), the Project for Intercomparison of Land surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) Phase 2e, and the Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) land-surface model intercomparisons.  Wrote results in peer-reviewed journals and presented results at various scientific conferences and meetings.

    2/1995 - 8/1995

    Operating Systems Programmer II

    Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), Fort Collins, CO

    Installed UNIX workstation and configured use of RAMS, GRASS, Emacs, X11, LaTeX, HTTP, etc., for a team of researchers.  Programmed and modified computer code in FORTRAN, C, and HTML.

    7/1991 - 1/1995

    Graduate Research Assistant

    Colorado State University, Department of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO

    Employed the Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) on two different case studies: 7 Jul 1987, as part of the FIRE I experiment over the ocean off California; and 7 Jun 1983, as part of the BLX 83 experiment over Oklahoma.  Programmed nine fractional cloudiness parameterizations into RAMS.  Evaluated the performance of the various parameterizations against observational data and tested sensitivity to using fractional cloudiness within the model's predictive equations.

    Education

    M.S., Atmospheric Science, 1994, Colorado State University

    B.S., Physics (Computer Science track), 1991, The College of New Jersey

    Professional Societies

    American Meteorological Society, 1992 - Present
    American Geophysical Union, 1994 - Present

    Professional Service

    NOAA/MAPP Drought Task Force (Current)

    Reviews of proposals and papers

    Served as mentor for summer undergraduate students

    Awards

    • Sep 2017 – Award for Scientific/Technical Support; Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Geophysics
    • Aug 2011 – Award for Scientific Support; Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Laboratory
    • Jan 2009 – Outstanding Performance; Global Modeling and Assimilation Office
    • Jan 2009 – Special Act Award; Climate and Radiation Branch
    • Jan 2005 – Outstanding Scientific Support; Climate and Radiation Branch
    • Aug 1999 – Outstanding Performance in Technical Support – Science; Laboratory for Atmospheres

    Other Professional Information

    46 total peer-reviewed of which 4 first author

    h-index: 16 (as of 1 Jun 2017)

    Publications

    Refereed

    Kumar, S. V., M. F. Jasinski, D. M. Mocko, et al. M. Rodell, J. S. Borak, B. Li, H. K. Beaudoing, and C. D. Peters-Lidard. 2018. "NCA-LDAS land analysis: Development and performance of a multisensor, multivariate land data assimilation system for the National Climate Assessment." J. Hydrometeor., (Accepted) [10.1175/JHM-D-17-0125.1]

    Kumar, S. V., T. R. Holmes, D. M. Mocko, S. Wang, and C. D. Peters-Lidard. 2018. "Attribution of flux partitioning variations between land surface models over the continental U.S." Remote Sensing, 10 (5): 751 [10.3390/rs10050751]

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate, 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Xia, Y., D. M. Mocko, M. Huang, et al. B. Li, M. Rodell, K. E. Mitchell, X. Cai, and M. B. Ek. 2017. "Comparison and assessment of three advanced land surface models in simulating terrestrial water storage components over the United States." J. Hydrometeor., 18 (3): 625-649 [10.1175/jhm-d-16-0112.1]

    Ferguson, C. R., and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Diagnosing an artificial trend in NLDAS-2 afternoon precipitation." J. Hydrometeor., 18 (4): 1051-1070 [10.1175/jhm-d-16-0251.1]

    Kumar, S. V., J. Dong, C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, and B. Gómez. 2017. "Role of forcing uncertainty and background model error characterization in snow data assimilation." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21 (6): 2637-2647 [10.5194/hess-21-2637-2017]

    Kumar, S. V., S. Wang, D. M. Mocko, C. D. Peters-Lidard, and Y. Xia. 2017. "Similarity Assessment of Land Surface Model Outputs in the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS)." Water Resour. Res., 53 (11): 8941-8965 [10.1002/2017wr020635]

    Nearing, G. S., D. M. Mocko, C. D. Peters-Lidard, S. V. Kumar, and Y. Xia. 2016. "Benchmarking NLDAS-2 soil moisture and evapotranspiration to separate uncertainty contributions." J. Hydrometeor., 17 (3): 745-759 [10.1175/jhm-d-15-0063.1]

    Xia, Y., B. A. Cosgrove, K. E. Mitchell, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. B. Ek, S. V. Kumar, D. M. Mocko, and H. Wei. 2016. "Basin-scale assessment of the land surface energy budget in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational and research NLDAS-2 systems." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (1): 196-220 [10.1002/2015jd023889]

    Xia, Y., B. A. Cosgrove, K. E. Mitchell, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. B. Ek, M. Brewer, D. M. Mocko, S. V. Kumar, H. Wei, J. Meng, and L. Luo. 2016. "Basin-scale assessment of the land surface water budget in the NCEP operational and research NLDAS-2 systems." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (6): 2750-2779 [10.1002/2015jd023733]

    Kumar, S. V., B. F. Zaitchik, C. D. Peters-Lidard, et al. M. Rodell, R. H. Reichle, B. Li, M. F. Jasinski, D. M. Mocko, A. Getirana, G. J. De Lannoy, M. H. Cosh, C. R. Hain, M. Anderson, K. R. Arsenault, Y. Xia, and M. Ek. 2016. "Assimilation of gridded GRACE terrestrial water storage estimates in the North American Land Data Assimilation System." J. Hydrometeor., 17 (7): 1951-1972 [10.1175/jhm-d-15-0157.1]

    Rui, H., W. L. Teng, B. E. Vollmer, D. M. Mocko, and G.-D. Lei. 2015. "NLDAS Views of North American 2011 Extreme Events (Chapter 25)." Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle , Hoboken, NJ: 409-426, ISBN: 9781118872031. [10.1002/9781118872086.ch25]

    Liu, Y., C. D. Peters-Lidard, S. V. Kumar, K. R. Arsenault, and D. M. Mocko. 2015. "Blending satellite-based snow depth products with in situ observations for streamflow predictions in the Upper Colorado River Basin." Water Resour. Res., 51 (2): 1182-1202 [10.1002/2014WR016606]

    Bosilovich, M. G., J.-D. Chern, D. M. Mocko, F. R. Robertson, and A. M. da Silva. 2015. "Evaluating observation influence on regional water budgets in reanalyses." J. Climate, 28 (9): 3631-3649 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00623.1]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, K. R. Arsenault, et al. A. Getirana, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Liu. 2015. "Quantifying the added value of snow cover area observations in passive microwave snow depth data assimilation." J. Hydrometeor., 16 (4): 1736-1741 [10.1175/JHM-D-15-0021.1]

    Dirmeyer, P. A., J. Wei, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Comparing evaporative sources of terrestrial precipitation and their extremes in MERRA using relative entropy." J. Hydrometeor., 15 (1): 102-116 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-053.1]

    Hirsch, A., J. Kala, A. J. Pitman, et al. C. Carouge, J. P. Evans, V. Haverd, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Impact of land surface initialization approach on subseasonal forecast skill: A regional analysis in the Southern Hemisphere." J. Hydrometeor., 15 (1): 300-319 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-05.1]

    Kala, J., M. Decker, J. F. Exbrayat, et al. A. J. Pitman, C. Carouge, J. P. Evans, G. Abramowitz, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Influence of leaf area index prescriptions on simulations of heat, moisture, and carbon fluxes." J. Hydrometeor., 15 (1): 489-503 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-063.1]

    Xia, Y., M. B. Ek, C. D. Peters-Lidard, et al. D. M. Mocko, M. Svoboda, J. Sheffield, and E. F. Wood. 2014. "Application of USDM statistics in NLDAS-2: Optimal blended NLDAS drought index over the continental United States." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (6): 2947-2965 [10.1002/2013JD020994]

    Matsui, T., and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Transpiration and Physical Evaporation: Regional and Seasonal Variability Over the Conterminous United States." Encyclopedia of Natural Resources - Land, I: 1055-1061, ISBN: 9781439852453. [10.1081/E-ENRA-120047654]

    Xia, Y., M. B. Ek, D. M. Mocko, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, J. Sheffield, J. Dong, and E. F. Wood. 2014. "Uncertainties, correlations, and optimal blends of drought indices from the NLDAS multiple land surface model ensemble." J. Hydrometeor., 15 (4): 1636-1650 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-058.1]

    Kala, J., J. P. Evans, A. J. Pitman, et al. C. B. Schaaf, M. Decker, C. Carouge, D. M. Mocko, and Q. Sun. 2014. "Implementation of a soil albedo scheme in the CABLEv1.4b land surface model and evaluation against MODIS estimates over Australia." Geosci. Model Dev., 7 (5): 2121-2140 [10.5194/gmd-7-2121-2014]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, et al. R. H. Reichle, Y. Liu, K. R. Arsenault, Y. Xia, M. Ek, G. A. Riggs, B. Livneh, and M. Cosh. 2014. "Assimilation of passive microwave-based soil moisture and snow depth retrievals for drought estimation." J. Hydrometeor., 15 (6): 2446-2469 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-0132.1]

    Wei, J., P. A. Dirmeyer, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2013. "Where does the irrigation water go? An estimate of the contribution of irrigation to precipitation using MERRA." J. Hydrometeor., 14 (1): 275-289 [10.1175/JHM-D-12-079.1]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Tian. 2013. "Multiscale evaluation of the improvements in surface snow simulation through terrain adjustments to radiation." J. Hydrometeor., 14 (1): 220-232 [10.1175/JHM-D-12-046.1]

    Kovalskyy, V., G. M. Henebry, D. Roy, et al. B. Adusei, M. Hansen, G. Senay, and D. M. Mocko. 2013. "Evaluation of a coupled event-driven phenology and evapotranspiration model for croplands in the United States northern Great Plains." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (11): 5065-5081 [10.1002/jgrd.50387]

    Xia, Y., K. E. Mitchell, M. B. Ek, et al. J. Sheffield, B. Cosgrove, E. F. Wood, L. Luo, C. Alonge, H. Wei, J. Meng, B. Livneh, D. P. Lettenmaier, V. I. Koren, Q. Duan, K. C. Mo, Y. Fan, and D. M. Mocko. 2012. "Continental-scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for the North American Land Data Assimilation System project phase 2 (NLDAS-2): 1. Intercomparison and application of model products." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 117 (D3): D03109 [10.1029/2011JD016048]

    Vinukollu, R., J. Sheffield, E. Wood, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2012. "Multimodel analysis of energy and water fluxes: Intercomparisons between operational analyses, a land surface model, and remote sensing." J. Hydrometeor., 13 (1): 3-26 [10.1175/2011JHM1372.1]

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., S. V. Kumar, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Tian. 2011. "Estimating evapotranspiration with land data assimilation systems." Hydrological Processes, 25 (26): 3979-3992 [10.1002/hyp.8387]

    Matsui, T., D. M. Mocko, M.-I. Lee, et al. W.-K. Tao, M. J. Suarez, and R. Pielke. 2010. "Ten-year climatology of summertime diurnal rainfall rate over the conterminous U.S." Geophys. Res. Lett., 37 (13): L13807 [10.1029/2010GL044139]

    Bosilovich, M. G., D. M. Mocko, J. O. Roads, and A. C. Ruane. 2009. "A multimodel analysis for the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP)." J. Hydrometeor., 10 (4): 912-934 [10.1175/2009JHM1090.1]

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., D. M. Mocko, M. Garcia, et al. J. A. Santanello, M. Tischler, M. Moran, and Y. Wu. 2008. "Role of precipitation uncertainty in the estimation of hydrologic soil properties using remotely sensed soil moisture in a semi-arid environment." Water Resour. Res., 44 (5): W05S18 [10.1029/2007WR005884]

    Santanello, J. A., C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. Garcia, et al. D. M. Mocko, M. Tischler, M. Moran, and D. Thoma. 2007. "Using remotely-sensed estimates of soil moisture to infer soil texture and hydraulic properties across a semi-arid watershed." Remote Sens. Environ., 110 (1): 79-97 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.02.007]

    Sud, Y., D. M. Mocko, and S. V. Lin. 2006. "Performance of two cloud-radiation parameterization schemes in the finite volume general circulation model for anomalously wet May and June 2003 over the continental United States and Amazonia." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 111 (D6): D06201 [10.1029/2005JD006246]

    Guo, Z., P. Dirmeyer, R. D. Koster, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, J. McGregor, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2006. "GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part II: Analysis." J. Hydrometeor., 7 (4): 611-625 [10.1175/JHM511.1]

    Koster, R. D., Z. Guo, P. Dirmeyer, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, H. Davies, C. T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. M. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, Y. C. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, A. Pitman, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2006. "GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part I: Overview." J. Hydrometeor., 7 (4): 590-610 [10.1175/JHM510.1]

    Seneviratne, S., R. D. Koster, Z. Guo, et al. P. Dirmeyer, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, D. M. Mocko, K. Oleson, and D. Verseghy. 2006. "Soil moisture memory in AGCM simulations: Analysis of Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) Data." J. Hydrometeor., 7 (5): 1090-1112 [10.1175/JHM533.1]

    Koster, R. D., P. Dirmeyer, Z. Guo, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. M. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2004. "Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitation." Science, 305 (5687): 1138-1140 [10.1126/science.1100217]

    Bowling, L. C., D. P. Lettenmaier, B. Nijssen, et al. L. P. Graham, D. B. Clark, M. E. Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y. M. Gusev, F. Haberts, B. V. Hurk, J. Jin, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. M. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A. B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, R. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y. Xue, and Z.-L. Yang. 2003. "Simulation of high-latitude hydrological processes in the Torne-Kalix basin: PILPS Phase 2(e): 1: Experiment description and summary intercomparisons." Global and Planetary Change, 38 (1-2): 1-30 [10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00003-1]

    Nijssen, B., L. C. Bowling, D. P. Lettenmaier, et al. D. B. Clark, M. E. Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y. M. Gusev, F. Haberts, B. V. Hurk, J. Jin, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. M. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A. B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, R. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y. Xue, and Z.-L. Yang. 2003. "Simulation of high-latitude hydrological processes in the Torne-Kalix basin: PILPS Phase 2(e): 2: Comparison of model results with observations." Global and Planetary Change, 38 (1-2): 31-53 [10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00004-3]

    Schlosser, C. A., and D. M. Mocko. 2003. "Impact of snow conditions in spring dynamical seasonal predictions." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 108 (D16): 8616 [10.1029/2002JD003113]

    Sud, Y. C., D. M. Mocko, W. K. Lau, and R. Atlas. 2003. "Simulating the Midwestern U.S. drought of 1988 with a GCM." J. Climate, 16 (23): 3946-3965 [10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3946:STMUDO>2.0.CO;2]

    Sud, Y. C., D. M. Mocko, G. Walker, and R. D. Koster. 2001. "Influence of land surface fluxes on precipitation: Inferences from simulations forced with four ARM-CART SCM datasets." J. Climate, 14 (17): 3666-3691 [10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3666:IOLSFO>2.0.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., and Y. C. Sud. 2001. "Refinements to SSiB with an emphasis on snow-physics: Evaluation and validation using GSWP and Valdai data." Earth Interactions, 5 (5-001): 31 pages [10.1175/1087-3562(2001)005<0001:RTSWAE>2.0.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., G. K. Walker, and Y. C. Sud. 1999. "New snow-physics to complement SSiB. Part II: Effects on soil moisture initialization and simulated surface fluxes, precipitation, and hydrology of GEOS II GCM." J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 77 (1B): 349-366 [Full Text (Link)]

    Sud, Y. C., and D. M. Mocko. 1999. "New snow-physics to complement SSiB. Part I: Design and evaluation with ISLSCP Initiative I datasets." J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 77 (1B): 335-348 [Full Text (Link)]

    Mocko, D. M., and Y. C. Sud. 1998. "Comparison of a land surface model (SSiB) to three parameterizations of evapotranspiration - A study based on ISLSCP Initiative I data." Earth Interactions, 2 (2-003): 35 pages [10.1175/1087-3562(1998)002<0001:COALSM>2.3.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., and W. R. Cotton. 1995. "Evaluation of fractional cloudiness parameterizations for use in a mesoscale model." J. Atmos. Sci., 52 (16): 2884-2901 [10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<2884:EOFCPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Non-Refereed

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., J. B. Eylander, R. D. Koster, et al. B. Narapusetty, S. V. Kumar, M. Rodell, J. D. Bolten, D. M. Mocko, G. K. Walker, K. R. Arsenault, and S. W. Rheingrover. 2014. "Drought Prediction for Socio-Cultural Stability Project." NASA/TM-2014-218303 [Full Text (Link)]

    Brief Bio

    David M. Mocko is a Senior Research Scientist with Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) supporting the Hydrological Sciences Laboratory (HSL) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.  He graduated from Trenton State College (now The College of New Jersey) in 1991.  He then earned an M.S. in the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University in 1994.  David serves as a co-PI on proposals as part of the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS).  He is a core team member for land-surface model integration and evaluation for the Land Information System (LIS) software framework.  David has participated in a Coordinated Energy and water cycle Observations Project (CEOP) multi-model analysis intercomparison, water cycle studies using Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) and MERRA-2 reanalyses, and in the Global Soil Wetness Project (GSWP).  His research interests include land-surface modeling, drought monitoring and analysis, reanalyses, and the global energy and water cycle.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Kumar, S. V., M. F. Jasinski, D. M. Mocko, et al. M. Rodell, J. S. Borak, B. Li, H. K. Beaudoing, and C. D. Peters-Lidard. 2018. "NCA-LDAS land analysis: Development and performance of a multisensor, multivariate land data assimilation system for the National Climate Assessment." J. Hydrometeor. (Accepted) [10.1175/JHM-D-17-0125.1]

    Kumar, S. V., T. R. Holmes, D. M. Mocko, S. Wang, and C. D. Peters-Lidard. 2018. "Attribution of flux partitioning variations between land surface models over the continental U.S." Remote Sensing 10 (5): 751 [10.3390/rs10050751]

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Xia, Y., D. M. Mocko, M. Huang, et al. B. Li, M. Rodell, K. E. Mitchell, X. Cai, and M. B. Ek. 2017. "Comparison and assessment of three advanced land surface models in simulating terrestrial water storage components over the United States." J. Hydrometeor. 18 (3): 625-649 [10.1175/jhm-d-16-0112.1]

    Ferguson, C. R., and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Diagnosing an artificial trend in NLDAS-2 afternoon precipitation." J. Hydrometeor. 18 (4): 1051-1070 [10.1175/jhm-d-16-0251.1]

    Kumar, S. V., J. Dong, C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, and B. Gómez. 2017. "Role of forcing uncertainty and background model error characterization in snow data assimilation." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21 (6): 2637-2647 [10.5194/hess-21-2637-2017]

    Kumar, S. V., S. Wang, D. M. Mocko, C. D. Peters-Lidard, and Y. Xia. 2017. "Similarity Assessment of Land Surface Model Outputs in the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS)." Water Resour. Res. 53 (11): 8941-8965 [10.1002/2017wr020635]

    Nearing, G. S., D. M. Mocko, C. D. Peters-Lidard, S. V. Kumar, and Y. Xia. 2016. "Benchmarking NLDAS-2 soil moisture and evapotranspiration to separate uncertainty contributions." J. Hydrometeor. 17 (3): 745-759 [10.1175/jhm-d-15-0063.1]

    Xia, Y., B. A. Cosgrove, K. E. Mitchell, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. B. Ek, S. V. Kumar, D. M. Mocko, and H. Wei. 2016. "Basin-scale assessment of the land surface energy budget in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational and research NLDAS-2 systems." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (1): 196-220 [10.1002/2015jd023889]

    Xia, Y., B. A. Cosgrove, K. E. Mitchell, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. B. Ek, M. Brewer, D. M. Mocko, S. V. Kumar, H. Wei, J. Meng, and L. Luo. 2016. "Basin-scale assessment of the land surface water budget in the NCEP operational and research NLDAS-2 systems." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (6): 2750-2779 [10.1002/2015jd023733]

    Kumar, S. V., B. F. Zaitchik, C. D. Peters-Lidard, et al. M. Rodell, R. H. Reichle, B. Li, M. F. Jasinski, D. M. Mocko, A. Getirana, G. J. De Lannoy, M. H. Cosh, C. R. Hain, M. Anderson, K. R. Arsenault, Y. Xia, and M. Ek. 2016. "Assimilation of gridded GRACE terrestrial water storage estimates in the North American Land Data Assimilation System." J. Hydrometeor. 17 (7): 1951-1972 [10.1175/jhm-d-15-0157.1]

    Rui, H., W. L. Teng, B. E. Vollmer, D. M. Mocko, and G.-D. Lei. 2015. "NLDAS Views of North American 2011 Extreme Events (Chapter 25)." Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle 409-426 [10.1002/9781118872086.ch25]

    Liu, Y., C. D. Peters-Lidard, S. V. Kumar, K. R. Arsenault, and D. M. Mocko. 2015. "Blending satellite-based snow depth products with in situ observations for streamflow predictions in the Upper Colorado River Basin." Water Resour. Res. 51 (2): 1182-1202 [10.1002/2014WR016606]

    Bosilovich, M. G., J.-D. Chern, D. M. Mocko, F. R. Robertson, and A. M. da Silva. 2015. "Evaluating observation influence on regional water budgets in reanalyses." J. Climate 28 (9): 3631-3649 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00623.1]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, K. R. Arsenault, et al. A. Getirana, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Liu. 2015. "Quantifying the added value of snow cover area observations in passive microwave snow depth data assimilation." J. Hydrometeor. 16 (4): 1736-1741 [10.1175/JHM-D-15-0021.1]

    Dirmeyer, P. A., J. Wei, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Comparing evaporative sources of terrestrial precipitation and their extremes in MERRA using relative entropy." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (1): 102-116 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-053.1]

    Hirsch, A., J. Kala, A. J. Pitman, et al. C. Carouge, J. P. Evans, V. Haverd, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Impact of land surface initialization approach on subseasonal forecast skill: A regional analysis in the Southern Hemisphere." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (1): 300-319 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-05.1]

    Kala, J., M. Decker, J. F. Exbrayat, et al. A. J. Pitman, C. Carouge, J. P. Evans, G. Abramowitz, and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Influence of leaf area index prescriptions on simulations of heat, moisture, and carbon fluxes." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (1): 489-503 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-063.1]

    Xia, Y., M. B. Ek, C. D. Peters-Lidard, et al. D. M. Mocko, M. Svoboda, J. Sheffield, and E. F. Wood. 2014. "Application of USDM statistics in NLDAS-2: Optimal blended NLDAS drought index over the continental United States." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (6): 2947-2965 [10.1002/2013JD020994]

    Matsui, T., and D. M. Mocko. 2014. "Transpiration and Physical Evaporation: Regional and Seasonal Variability Over the Conterminous United States." Encyclopedia of Natural Resources - Land I 1055-1061 [10.1081/E-ENRA-120047654]

    Xia, Y., M. B. Ek, D. M. Mocko, et al. C. D. Peters-Lidard, J. Sheffield, J. Dong, and E. F. Wood. 2014. "Uncertainties, correlations, and optimal blends of drought indices from the NLDAS multiple land surface model ensemble." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (4): 1636-1650 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-058.1]

    Kala, J., J. P. Evans, A. J. Pitman, et al. C. B. Schaaf, M. Decker, C. Carouge, D. M. Mocko, and Q. Sun. 2014. "Implementation of a soil albedo scheme in the CABLEv1.4b land surface model and evaluation against MODIS estimates over Australia." Geosci. Model Dev. 7 (5): 2121-2140 [10.5194/gmd-7-2121-2014]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, et al. R. H. Reichle, Y. Liu, K. R. Arsenault, Y. Xia, M. Ek, G. A. Riggs, B. Livneh, and M. Cosh. 2014. "Assimilation of passive microwave-based soil moisture and snow depth retrievals for drought estimation." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (6): 2446-2469 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-0132.1]

    Wei, J., P. A. Dirmeyer, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2013. "Where does the irrigation water go? An estimate of the contribution of irrigation to precipitation using MERRA." J. Hydrometeor. 14 (1): 275-289 [10.1175/JHM-D-12-079.1]

    Kumar, S. V., C. D. Peters-Lidard, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Tian. 2013. "Multiscale evaluation of the improvements in surface snow simulation through terrain adjustments to radiation." J. Hydrometeor. 14 (1): 220-232 [10.1175/JHM-D-12-046.1]

    Kovalskyy, V., G. M. Henebry, D. Roy, et al. B. Adusei, M. Hansen, G. Senay, and D. M. Mocko. 2013. "Evaluation of a coupled event-driven phenology and evapotranspiration model for croplands in the United States northern Great Plains." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (11): 5065-5081 [10.1002/jgrd.50387]

    Xia, Y., K. E. Mitchell, M. B. Ek, et al. J. Sheffield, B. Cosgrove, E. F. Wood, L. Luo, C. Alonge, H. Wei, J. Meng, B. Livneh, D. P. Lettenmaier, V. I. Koren, Q. Duan, K. C. Mo, Y. Fan, and D. M. Mocko. 2012. "Continental-scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for the North American Land Data Assimilation System project phase 2 (NLDAS-2): 1. Intercomparison and application of model products." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 117 (D3): D03109 [10.1029/2011JD016048]

    Vinukollu, R., J. Sheffield, E. Wood, M. G. Bosilovich, and D. M. Mocko. 2012. "Multimodel analysis of energy and water fluxes: Intercomparisons between operational analyses, a land surface model, and remote sensing." J. Hydrometeor. 13 (1): 3-26 [10.1175/2011JHM1372.1]

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., S. V. Kumar, D. M. Mocko, and Y. Tian. 2011. "Estimating evapotranspiration with land data assimilation systems." Hydrological Processes 25 (26): 3979-3992 [10.1002/hyp.8387]

    Matsui, T., D. M. Mocko, M.-I. Lee, et al. W.-K. Tao, M. J. Suarez, and R. Pielke. 2010. "Ten-year climatology of summertime diurnal rainfall rate over the conterminous U.S." Geophys. Res. Lett. 37 (13): L13807 [10.1029/2010GL044139]

    Bosilovich, M. G., D. M. Mocko, J. O. Roads, and A. C. Ruane. 2009. "A multimodel analysis for the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP)." J. Hydrometeor. 10 (4): 912-934 [10.1175/2009JHM1090.1]

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., D. M. Mocko, M. Garcia, et al. J. A. Santanello, M. Tischler, M. Moran, and Y. Wu. 2008. "Role of precipitation uncertainty in the estimation of hydrologic soil properties using remotely sensed soil moisture in a semi-arid environment." Water Resour. Res. 44 (5): W05S18 [10.1029/2007WR005884]

    Santanello, J. A., C. D. Peters-Lidard, M. Garcia, et al. D. M. Mocko, M. Tischler, M. Moran, and D. Thoma. 2007. "Using remotely-sensed estimates of soil moisture to infer soil texture and hydraulic properties across a semi-arid watershed." Remote Sens. Environ. 110 (1): 79-97 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.02.007]

    Sud, Y., D. M. Mocko, and S. V. Lin. 2006. "Performance of two cloud-radiation parameterization schemes in the finite volume general circulation model for anomalously wet May and June 2003 over the continental United States and Amazonia." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 111 (D6): D06201 [10.1029/2005JD006246]

    Guo, Z., P. Dirmeyer, R. D. Koster, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, J. McGregor, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2006. "GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part II: Analysis." J. Hydrometeor. 7 (4): 611-625 [10.1175/JHM511.1]

    Koster, R. D., Z. Guo, P. Dirmeyer, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, H. Davies, C. T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. M. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, Y. C. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, A. Pitman, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2006. "GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part I: Overview." J. Hydrometeor. 7 (4): 590-610 [10.1175/JHM510.1]

    Seneviratne, S., R. D. Koster, Z. Guo, et al. P. Dirmeyer, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, D. M. Mocko, K. Oleson, and D. Verseghy. 2006. "Soil moisture memory in AGCM simulations: Analysis of Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) Data." J. Hydrometeor. 7 (5): 1090-1112 [10.1175/JHM533.1]

    Koster, R. D., P. Dirmeyer, Z. Guo, et al. G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. M. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. M. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada. 2004. "Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitation." Science 305 (5687): 1138-1140 [10.1126/science.1100217]

    Bowling, L. C., D. P. Lettenmaier, B. Nijssen, et al. L. P. Graham, D. B. Clark, M. E. Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y. M. Gusev, F. Haberts, B. V. Hurk, J. Jin, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. M. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A. B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, R. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y. Xue, and Z.-L. Yang. 2003. "Simulation of high-latitude hydrological processes in the Torne-Kalix basin: PILPS Phase 2(e): 1: Experiment description and summary intercomparisons." Global and Planetary Change 38 (1-2): 1-30 [10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00003-1]

    Nijssen, B., L. C. Bowling, D. P. Lettenmaier, et al. D. B. Clark, M. E. Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y. M. Gusev, F. Haberts, B. V. Hurk, J. Jin, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. M. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A. B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, R. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y. Xue, and Z.-L. Yang. 2003. "Simulation of high-latitude hydrological processes in the Torne-Kalix basin: PILPS Phase 2(e): 2: Comparison of model results with observations." Global and Planetary Change 38 (1-2): 31-53 [10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00004-3]

    Schlosser, C. A., and D. M. Mocko. 2003. "Impact of snow conditions in spring dynamical seasonal predictions." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 108 (D16): 8616 [10.1029/2002JD003113]

    Sud, Y. C., D. M. Mocko, W. K. Lau, and R. Atlas. 2003. "Simulating the Midwestern U.S. drought of 1988 with a GCM." J. Climate 16 (23): 3946-3965 [10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3946:STMUDO>2.0.CO;2]

    Sud, Y. C., D. M. Mocko, G. Walker, and R. D. Koster. 2001. "Influence of land surface fluxes on precipitation: Inferences from simulations forced with four ARM-CART SCM datasets." J. Climate 14 (17): 3666-3691 [10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3666:IOLSFO>2.0.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., and Y. C. Sud. 2001. "Refinements to SSiB with an emphasis on snow-physics: Evaluation and validation using GSWP and Valdai data." Earth Interactions 5 (5-001): 31 pages [10.1175/1087-3562(2001)005<0001:RTSWAE>2.0.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., G. K. Walker, and Y. C. Sud. 1999. "New snow-physics to complement SSiB. Part II: Effects on soil moisture initialization and simulated surface fluxes, precipitation, and hydrology of GEOS II GCM." J. Meteor. Soc. Japan 77 (1B): 349-366 [Full Text (Link)]

    Sud, Y. C., and D. M. Mocko. 1999. "New snow-physics to complement SSiB. Part I: Design and evaluation with ISLSCP Initiative I datasets." J. Meteor. Soc. Japan 77 (1B): 335-348 [Full Text (Link)]

    Mocko, D. M., and Y. C. Sud. 1998. "Comparison of a land surface model (SSiB) to three parameterizations of evapotranspiration - A study based on ISLSCP Initiative I data." Earth Interactions 2 (2-003): 35 pages [10.1175/1087-3562(1998)002<0001:COALSM>2.3.CO;2]

    Mocko, D. M., and W. R. Cotton. 1995. "Evaluation of fractional cloudiness parameterizations for use in a mesoscale model." J. Atmos. Sci. 52 (16): 2884-2901 [10.1175/1520-0469(1995)052<2884:EOFCPF>2.0.CO;2]

    Non-Refereed

    Peters-Lidard, C. D., J. B. Eylander, R. D. Koster, et al. B. Narapusetty, S. V. Kumar, M. Rodell, J. D. Bolten, D. M. Mocko, G. K. Walker, K. R. Arsenault, and S. W. Rheingrover. 2014. "Drought Prediction for Socio-Cultural Stability Project." NASA/TM-2014-218303 [Full Text (Link)]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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