Charles A Malespin

Charles A Malespin

  • Research AST, Planetary Studies
  • Additional Roles: Deputy Principal Investigator for Sample Analysis at Mars
  • 301.614.6042
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 699
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Charles Malespin is a research space scientist in the Planetary Environments Lab (Code 699), and serves as the Deputy Principle Investigator for the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite currently on the Curiosity rover in Gale Crater, Mars. He also serves as SAM operations lead, and is responsible for directing the SAM testbed program, including defining, prioritizing, and organizing all experiments prior to the sequence execution on Mars by the SAM instrument. Malespin leads a team using an interdisciplinary treatment of SAM data, both science and engineering telemetry, to produce expert interpretation of surface mission science products. He is an expert in understanding the SAM instrument and led the development, testing, and interpretation of several major experiments that have made some key discoveries for MSL/SAM, such as the first in situ geochronology experiment on another planet, the enrichment of atmospheric methane, and measurements of the trace heavy noble gases krypton and xenon in the Martian atmosphere.

    Current Projects

    Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) Deputy Principle Investigator

    Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) Operations Lead

    Charles is the operations lead for the SAM instrument suite currently operating on the Mars Science Lab (MSL) rover Curiosity in Gale Crater, Mars

    Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM): SAM testbed lead

    The SAM testbed is a duplicate of the instrument currently on Mars. It is run inside a Mars chamber at GSFC which replicates the thermal and atmospheric conditions found on Mars. Charles leads the development, testing, and validation of experimental procedures using SAM testbed before use on Mars. 

    He is an expert in understanding the SAM instrument, with expert understanding of the testbed experiment capabilities and risks. 

    Awards

    2017 NASA Agency Honor Award - Early Career Public Achievement Medal

    2014 NASA Group Achievement award to MSL and SAM development and Science Team

    2013 NASA GSFC Solar System Exploration Division dedication and service award
     

     

     

    Research Interests

    Instrument development

    Mass spectrometry

    Mars

    Professional Service

    External reviewer and panel member for several NASA grant programs

     

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Franz, H. B., M. G. Trainer, C. A. Malespin, et al. P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, R. H. Becker, M. Benna, P. G. Conrad, J. L. Eigenbrode, C. Freissinet, H. L. Manning, B. D. Prats, E. Raaen, and M. H. Wong. 2017. "Initial SAM Calibration Gas Experiments on Mars: Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer Results and Implications." Planetary and Space Science, [10.1016/j.pss.2017.01.014]

    Sutter, B., A. C. McAdam, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. D. W. Ming, K. S. Edgett, E. B. Rampe, J. L. Eigenbrode, H. B. Franz, C. Freissinet, J. P. Grotzinger, A. Steele, C. H. House, P. D. Archer, C. A. Malespin, R. Navarro-González, J. C. Stern, J. F. Bell, F. J. Calef, R. Gellert, D. P. Glavin, L. M. Thompson, and A. S. Yen. 2017. "Evolved Gas Analyses of Sedimentary Rocks and Eolian Sediment in Gale Crater, Mars: Results of the Curiosity Rover's Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) Instrument from Yellowknife Bay to the Namib Dune." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 122: [10.1002/2016je005225]

    Martin, P. E., K. A. Farley, M. B. Baker, et al. C. A. Malespin, S. P. Schwenzer, B. A. Cohen, P. R. Mahaffy, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, P. M. Vasconcelos, and R. Navarro-González. 2017. "A Two-Step K-Ar Experiment on Mars: Dating the Diagenetic Formation of Jarosite from Amazonian Groundwaters." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, [10.1002/2017je005445]

    Farley, K., P. Martin, P. Archer, et al. S. Atreya, P. Conrad, J. Eigenbrode, A. Fairén, H. Franz, C. Freissinet, D. Glavin, P. Mahaffy, C. Malespin, D. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, and B. Sutter. 2016. "Light and variable 37Cl/35Cl ratios in rocks from Gale Crater, Mars: Possible signature of perchlorate." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 438: 14-24 [10.1016/j.epsl.2015.12.013]

    Conrad, P., C. Malespin, H. Franz, et al. R. Pepin, M. Trainer, S. Schwenzer, S. Atreya, C. Freissinet, J. Jones, H. Manning, T. Owen, A. Pavlov, R. Wiens, M. Wong, and P. Mahaffy. 2016. "In situ measurement of atmospheric krypton and xenon on Mars with Mars Science Laboratory." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 454: 1-9 [10.1016/j.epsl.2016.08.028]

    Vasconcelos, P. M., K. A. Farley, C. A. Malespin, et al. P. Mahaffy, D. Ming, S. M. McLennan, J. A. Hurowitz, and M. S. Rice. 2016. "Discordant K-Ar and Young Exposure Dates for the Windjana sandstone, Kimberley, Gale Crater, Mars." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, (In Press) [10.1002/2016je005017]

    Freissinet, C., D. P. Glavin, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. P. R. Miller, J. L. Eigenbrode, R. E. Summons, A. E. Brunner, A. Buch, C. Szopa, P. D. Archer, H. B. Franz, S. K. Atreya, W. B. Brinckerhoff, M. Cabane, P. Coll, P. C. Conrad, D. J. Des Marais, J. P. Dworkin, A. G. Fairén, P. François, J. P. Grotzinger, S. Kashyap, I. L. Kate, L. A. Leshin, C. A. Malespin, M. G. Martin, F. J. Martin-Torres, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, R. Navarro-González, A. A. Pavlov, B. D. Prats, S. W. Squyres, A. Steele, J. C. Stern, D. Y. Sumner, B. Sutter, and M. P. Zorzano. 2015. "Organic molecules in the Sheepbed Mudstone, Gale Crater, Mars." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120: 495-514 [10.1002/2014JE004737 ]

    Mahaffy, P. R., C. R. Webster, J. C. Stern, et al. A. E. Brunner, S. K. Atreya, P. G. Conrad, S. Domagal-Goldman, J. L. Eigenbrode, G. J. Flesch, L. E. Christensen, H. B. Franz, C. Freissinet, D. P. Glavin, J. P. Grotzinger, J. H. Jones, L. A. Leshin, C. Malespin, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, P. B. Niles, T. Owen, A. A. Pavlov, A. Steele, M. G. Trainer, K. H. Williford, and J. J. Wray. 2015. "The imprint of atmospheric evolution in the D/H of Hesperian clay minerals on Mars." Science, Vol 347: 412-414 [[DOI:10.1126/science.1260291]]

    R Webster, C., P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, et al. G. J. Flesch, M. A. Mischna, P. Meslin, K. A. Farley, C. A. Malespin, and P. G. Conrad. 2014. "Mars methane detection and variability at Gale crater." Science, Vol 347: 6220 [[doi:10.1126/science.1261713]]

    Farley, K., C. A. Malespin, P. Mahaffy, and J. Grotzinger. 2014. "In Situ Radiometric and Exposure Age Dating of the Martian Surface." Science, Vol: 343. No. 6169 [10.1126/science.1247166 ]

    Franz, H. B., M. G. Trainer, M. H. Wong, et al. H. Manning, J. C. Stern, P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, M. Bennaa, P. G. Conrad, D. N. Harpold, L. A. Leshin, C. A. Malespin, C. P. McKay, J. T. Nolan, and E. Raaen. 2014. "Analytical Techniques for Retrieval of Atmospheric Composition with the Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer of the Sample Analysis at Mars Instrument Suite on Mars Science Laboratory." Planet. Space Sci., [10.1016/j.pss.2014.03.005]

    Getty, S. A., J. P. Dworkin, D. P. Glavin, et al. M. Martin, Y. Zheng, M. Balvin, A. E. Southard, S. Feng, J. Ferrance, C. Kotecki, C. Malespin, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2013. "Organics Analyzer for Sampling Icy Surfaces: a Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer for Futurein situ Small Body Missions." IEEE: 978-1-4673-1813-6/13/$31.00 ©2013 IEEE,

    Wong, M. H., S. K. Atreya, P. N. Mahaffy, et al. H. B. Franz, C. Malespin, M. G. Trainer, J. C. Stern, P. G. Conrad, H. Manning, R. O. Pepin, R. H. Becker, C. P. McKay, T. C. Owen, R. Navarro-Gonzaalez, J. H. Jones, B. M. Jakosky, and A. Steele. 2013. "Isotopes of Nitrogen on Mars: Atmospheric Measurements by Curiosity's Mass Spectrometer." Geophys. Res. Lett., 40: 6033-6037 [10.1002/2013GL057840]

    Atreya, S. K., M. G. Trainer, H. B. Franz, et al. M. H. Wong, H. Manning, C. A. Malespin, P. R. Mahaffy, P. G. Conrad, A. E. Brunner, L. A. Leshin, J. H. Jones, C. R. Webster, T. C. Owen, R. O. Pepin, and R. Navarro-Gonzalez. 2013. "Primordial Argon Isotope Fractionation in the Atmosphere of Mars Measured by the SAM Instrument on Curiosity and Implications for Atmospheric Loss." Geophys. Res. Lett., 40: 5605-5609.

    Getty, S. A., J. P. Dworkin, D. P. Glavin, et al. M. G. Martin, Y. Zheng, M. A. Balvin, A. E. Southard, S. H. Feng, C. A. Kotecki, C. A. Malespin, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2013. "Organics Analyzer for Sampling Icy Surfaces: a Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer for Future in situ Small Body Missions." IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings,

    Glavin, D. P., C. A. Malespin, I. Ten kate, et al. S. A. Getty, V. E. Holmes, E. Mumm, H. B. Franz, M. G. Noreiga, N. J. Dobson, A. E. Southard, S. H. Feng, C. A. Kotecki, J. P. Dworkin, T. Swindle, J. E. Bleacher, J. W. Rice, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2012. "Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith for Planetary Resource Exploration." IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, 1-11, 3-10 [10.1109/AERO.2012.6187065]

    Mahaffy, P. R., C. R. Webster, M. Cabane, et al. P. G. Conrad, P. Coll, S. K. Atreya, R. Arvey, M. Barciniak, M. Benna, L. Bleacher, W. B. Brinckerhoff, J. L. Eigenbrode, D. Carignan, M. Cascia, R. A. Chalmers, J. P. Dworkin, T. Errigo, P. Everson, H. Franz, R. Farley, S. Feng, G. Frazier, C. Freissinet, D. P. Glavin, D. N. Harpold, D. Hawk, V. Holmes, C. S. Johnson, A. Jones, P. Jordan, J. Kellogg, J. Lewis, E. Lyness, C. A. Malespin, D. K. Martin, J. Maurer, A. C. McAdam, D. McLennan, T. J. Nolan, M. Noriega, A. A. Pavlov, B. Prats, E. Raaen, O. Sheinman, D. Sheppard, J. Smith, J. C. Stern, F. Tan, M. Trainer, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, J. Jones, C. Gundersen, A. Steele, J. Wray, O. Botta, L. A. Leshin, T. Owen, S. Battel, B. M. Jakosky, H. Manning, S. Squyres, R. Navarro-González, C. P. McKay, F. Raulin, R. Sternberg, A. Buch, P. Sorensen, R. Kline-Schoder, D. Coscia, C. Szopa, S. Teinturier, C. Baffes, J. Feldman, G. Flesch, S. Forouhar, R. Garcia, D. Keymeulen, S. Woodward, B. P. Block, K. Arnett, R. Miller, C. Edmonson, S. Gorevan, and E. Mumm. 2012. "The Sample Analysis at Mars Investigation and Instrument Suite." Space Sci Rev, 170 (1-4): 401-478 [10.1007/s11214-012-9879-z]

    tenKate, I. L., E. H. Cardiff, J. P. Dworkin, et al. S. H. Feng, V. Holmes, C. Malespin, J. G. Stern, T. D. Swindle, and D. P. Glavin. 2010. "VAPoR – Volatile Analysisby PyrolysisofRegolith–an instrument for in situ detection of water, noble gases, and organics on the Moon." Planetary andSpaceScience, (58): 1007–1017 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.03.006]

    ten Kate, I. L., E. H. Cardiff, J. P. Dworkin, et al. S. H. Feng, V. Holmes, C. Malespin, J. G. Stern, T. D. Swindle, and D. P. Glavin. 2010. "VAPoR - Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith - an instrument for in situ detection of water, noble gases, and organics on the Moon." Planetary and Space Science, 58: 1007-1017 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.03.006]

    Non-Refereed

    Glavin, D. P., C. Freissinet, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. K. Miller, J. Eigenbrode, R. Summons, M. Martin, H. Franz, A. Steele, D. Archer, S. Atreya, W. Brinckerhoff, A. Brunner, A. Buch, M. Cabane, P. Coll, P. Conrad, D. Des Marais, J. P. Dworkin, A. Fairen, P. Francois, J. Grotzinger, S. Kashyap, C. Malespin, A. McAdam, D. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, A. Pavlov, S. Squyres, J. Stern, D. Sumner, B. Sutter, and C. Szopa. 2015. "Martian Chlorobenzene Identified by Curiosity in Yellowknife Bay: Evidence for the Preservation of Organics in a Mudstone on Mars ." Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 46: 1178- .

    Brief Bio

    Charles Malespin is a research space scientist in the Planetary Environments Lab (Code 699), and serves as the Deputy Principle Investigator for the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite currently on the Curiosity rover in Gale Crater, Mars. He also serves as SAM operations lead, and is responsible for directing the SAM testbed program, including defining, prioritizing, and organizing all experiments prior to the sequence execution on Mars by the SAM instrument. Malespin leads a team using an interdisciplinary treatment of SAM data, both science and engineering telemetry, to produce expert interpretation of surface mission science products. He is an expert in understanding the SAM instrument and led the development, testing, and interpretation of several major experiments that have made some key discoveries for MSL/SAM, such as the first in situ geochronology experiment on another planet, the enrichment of atmospheric methane, and measurements of the trace heavy noble gases krypton and xenon in the Martian atmosphere.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Franz, H. B., M. G. Trainer, C. A. Malespin, et al. P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, R. H. Becker, M. Benna, P. G. Conrad, J. L. Eigenbrode, C. Freissinet, H. L. Manning, B. D. Prats, E. Raaen, and M. H. Wong. 2017. "Initial SAM Calibration Gas Experiments on Mars: Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer Results and Implications." Planetary and Space Science [10.1016/j.pss.2017.01.014]

    Sutter, B., A. C. McAdam, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. D. W. Ming, K. S. Edgett, E. B. Rampe, J. L. Eigenbrode, H. B. Franz, C. Freissinet, J. P. Grotzinger, A. Steele, C. H. House, P. D. Archer, C. A. Malespin, R. Navarro-González, J. C. Stern, J. F. Bell, F. J. Calef, R. Gellert, D. P. Glavin, L. M. Thompson, and A. S. Yen. 2017. "Evolved Gas Analyses of Sedimentary Rocks and Eolian Sediment in Gale Crater, Mars: Results of the Curiosity Rover's Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) Instrument from Yellowknife Bay to the Namib Dune." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 122 [10.1002/2016je005225]

    Martin, P. E., K. A. Farley, M. B. Baker, et al. C. A. Malespin, S. P. Schwenzer, B. A. Cohen, P. R. Mahaffy, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, P. M. Vasconcelos, and R. Navarro-González. 2017. "A Two-Step K-Ar Experiment on Mars: Dating the Diagenetic Formation of Jarosite from Amazonian Groundwaters." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets [10.1002/2017je005445]

    Farley, K., P. Martin, P. Archer, et al. S. Atreya, P. Conrad, J. Eigenbrode, A. Fairén, H. Franz, C. Freissinet, D. Glavin, P. Mahaffy, C. Malespin, D. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, and B. Sutter. 2016. "Light and variable 37Cl/35Cl ratios in rocks from Gale Crater, Mars: Possible signature of perchlorate." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 438 14-24 [10.1016/j.epsl.2015.12.013]

    Conrad, P., C. Malespin, H. Franz, et al. R. Pepin, M. Trainer, S. Schwenzer, S. Atreya, C. Freissinet, J. Jones, H. Manning, T. Owen, A. Pavlov, R. Wiens, M. Wong, and P. Mahaffy. 2016. "In situ measurement of atmospheric krypton and xenon on Mars with Mars Science Laboratory." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 454 1-9 [10.1016/j.epsl.2016.08.028]

    Vasconcelos, P. M., K. A. Farley, C. A. Malespin, et al. P. Mahaffy, D. Ming, S. M. McLennan, J. A. Hurowitz, and M. S. Rice. 2016. "Discordant K-Ar and Young Exposure Dates for the Windjana sandstone, Kimberley, Gale Crater, Mars." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (In Press) [10.1002/2016je005017]

    Freissinet, C., D. P. Glavin, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. P. R. Miller, J. L. Eigenbrode, R. E. Summons, A. E. Brunner, A. Buch, C. Szopa, P. D. Archer, H. B. Franz, S. K. Atreya, W. B. Brinckerhoff, M. Cabane, P. Coll, P. C. Conrad, D. J. Des Marais, J. P. Dworkin, A. G. Fairén, P. François, J. P. Grotzinger, S. Kashyap, I. L. Kate, L. A. Leshin, C. A. Malespin, M. G. Martin, F. J. Martin-Torres, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, R. Navarro-González, A. A. Pavlov, B. D. Prats, S. W. Squyres, A. Steele, J. C. Stern, D. Y. Sumner, B. Sutter, and M. P. Zorzano. 2015. "Organic molecules in the Sheepbed Mudstone, Gale Crater, Mars." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 120 495-514 [10.1002/2014JE004737 ]

    Mahaffy, P. R., C. R. Webster, J. C. Stern, et al. A. E. Brunner, S. K. Atreya, P. G. Conrad, S. Domagal-Goldman, J. L. Eigenbrode, G. J. Flesch, L. E. Christensen, H. B. Franz, C. Freissinet, D. P. Glavin, J. P. Grotzinger, J. H. Jones, L. A. Leshin, C. Malespin, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, P. B. Niles, T. Owen, A. A. Pavlov, A. Steele, M. G. Trainer, K. H. Williford, and J. J. Wray. 2015. "The imprint of atmospheric evolution in the D/H of Hesperian clay minerals on Mars." Science Vol 347 412-414 [[DOI:10.1126/science.1260291]]

    R Webster, C., P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, et al. G. J. Flesch, M. A. Mischna, P. Meslin, K. A. Farley, C. A. Malespin, and P. G. Conrad. 2014. "Mars methane detection and variability at Gale crater." Science Vol 347 6220 [[doi:10.1126/science.1261713]]

    Farley, K., C. A. Malespin, P. Mahaffy, and J. Grotzinger. 2014. "In Situ Radiometric and Exposure Age Dating of the Martian Surface." Science Vol 343. No. 6169 [10.1126/science.1247166 ]

    Franz, H. B., M. G. Trainer, M. H. Wong, et al. H. Manning, J. C. Stern, P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, M. Bennaa, P. G. Conrad, D. N. Harpold, L. A. Leshin, C. A. Malespin, C. P. McKay, J. T. Nolan, and E. Raaen. 2014. "Analytical Techniques for Retrieval of Atmospheric Composition with the Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer of the Sample Analysis at Mars Instrument Suite on Mars Science Laboratory." Planet. Space Sci. [10.1016/j.pss.2014.03.005]

    Getty, S. A., J. P. Dworkin, D. P. Glavin, et al. M. Martin, Y. Zheng, M. Balvin, A. E. Southard, S. Feng, J. Ferrance, C. Kotecki, C. Malespin, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2013. "Organics Analyzer for Sampling Icy Surfaces: a Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer for Futurein situ Small Body Missions." IEEE: 978-1-4673-1813-6/13/$31.00 ©2013 IEEE

    Wong, M. H., S. K. Atreya, P. N. Mahaffy, et al. H. B. Franz, C. Malespin, M. G. Trainer, J. C. Stern, P. G. Conrad, H. Manning, R. O. Pepin, R. H. Becker, C. P. McKay, T. C. Owen, R. Navarro-Gonzaalez, J. H. Jones, B. M. Jakosky, and A. Steele. 2013. "Isotopes of Nitrogen on Mars: Atmospheric Measurements by Curiosity's Mass Spectrometer." Geophys. Res. Lett. 40 6033-6037 [10.1002/2013GL057840]

    Atreya, S. K., M. G. Trainer, H. B. Franz, et al. M. H. Wong, H. Manning, C. A. Malespin, P. R. Mahaffy, P. G. Conrad, A. E. Brunner, L. A. Leshin, J. H. Jones, C. R. Webster, T. C. Owen, R. O. Pepin, and R. Navarro-Gonzalez. 2013. "Primordial Argon Isotope Fractionation in the Atmosphere of Mars Measured by the SAM Instrument on Curiosity and Implications for Atmospheric Loss." Geophys. Res. Lett. 40 5605-5609.

    Getty, S. A., J. P. Dworkin, D. P. Glavin, et al. M. G. Martin, Y. Zheng, M. A. Balvin, A. E. Southard, S. H. Feng, C. A. Kotecki, C. A. Malespin, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2013. "Organics Analyzer for Sampling Icy Surfaces: a Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer for Future in situ Small Body Missions." IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings

    Glavin, D. P., C. A. Malespin, I. Ten kate, et al. S. A. Getty, V. E. Holmes, E. Mumm, H. B. Franz, M. G. Noreiga, N. J. Dobson, A. E. Southard, S. H. Feng, C. A. Kotecki, J. P. Dworkin, T. Swindle, J. E. Bleacher, J. W. Rice, and P. R. Mahaffy. 2012. "Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith for Planetary Resource Exploration." IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings 1-11, 3-10 [10.1109/AERO.2012.6187065]

    Mahaffy, P. R., C. R. Webster, M. Cabane, et al. P. G. Conrad, P. Coll, S. K. Atreya, R. Arvey, M. Barciniak, M. Benna, L. Bleacher, W. B. Brinckerhoff, J. L. Eigenbrode, D. Carignan, M. Cascia, R. A. Chalmers, J. P. Dworkin, T. Errigo, P. Everson, H. Franz, R. Farley, S. Feng, G. Frazier, C. Freissinet, D. P. Glavin, D. N. Harpold, D. Hawk, V. Holmes, C. S. Johnson, A. Jones, P. Jordan, J. Kellogg, J. Lewis, E. Lyness, C. A. Malespin, D. K. Martin, J. Maurer, A. C. McAdam, D. McLennan, T. J. Nolan, M. Noriega, A. A. Pavlov, B. Prats, E. Raaen, O. Sheinman, D. Sheppard, J. Smith, J. C. Stern, F. Tan, M. Trainer, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, J. Jones, C. Gundersen, A. Steele, J. Wray, O. Botta, L. A. Leshin, T. Owen, S. Battel, B. M. Jakosky, H. Manning, S. Squyres, R. Navarro-González, C. P. McKay, F. Raulin, R. Sternberg, A. Buch, P. Sorensen, R. Kline-Schoder, D. Coscia, C. Szopa, S. Teinturier, C. Baffes, J. Feldman, G. Flesch, S. Forouhar, R. Garcia, D. Keymeulen, S. Woodward, B. P. Block, K. Arnett, R. Miller, C. Edmonson, S. Gorevan, and E. Mumm. 2012. "The Sample Analysis at Mars Investigation and Instrument Suite." Space Sci Rev 170 (1-4): 401-478 [10.1007/s11214-012-9879-z]

    tenKate, I. L., E. H. Cardiff, J. P. Dworkin, et al. S. H. Feng, V. Holmes, C. Malespin, J. G. Stern, T. D. Swindle, and D. P. Glavin. 2010. "VAPoR – Volatile Analysisby PyrolysisofRegolith–an instrument for in situ detection of water, noble gases, and organics on the Moon." Planetary andSpaceScience 1007–1017 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.03.006]

    ten Kate, I. L., E. H. Cardiff, J. P. Dworkin, et al. S. H. Feng, V. Holmes, C. Malespin, J. G. Stern, T. D. Swindle, and D. P. Glavin. 2010. "VAPoR - Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith - an instrument for in situ detection of water, noble gases, and organics on the Moon." Planetary and Space Science 58 1007-1017 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.03.006]

    Non-Refereed

    Glavin, D. P., C. Freissinet, P. R. Mahaffy, et al. K. Miller, J. Eigenbrode, R. Summons, M. Martin, H. Franz, A. Steele, D. Archer, S. Atreya, W. Brinckerhoff, A. Brunner, A. Buch, M. Cabane, P. Coll, P. Conrad, D. Des Marais, J. P. Dworkin, A. Fairen, P. Francois, J. Grotzinger, S. Kashyap, C. Malespin, A. McAdam, D. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, A. Pavlov, S. Squyres, J. Stern, D. Sumner, B. Sutter, and C. Szopa. 2015. "Martian Chlorobenzene Identified by Curiosity in Yellowknife Bay: Evidence for the Preservation of Organics in a Mudstone on Mars ." Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 46 1178-

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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