Dr. Carrie Anderson

Dr. Carrie Anderson

  • 301.286.6925
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 691
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Planetary Astronomer in the Astrochemistry Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Research focuses on the remote sensing of planetary atmospheres, primarily in the areas of thermal structure and particulate composition, using space- and ground-based data. This includes radiative transfer analyses of the outer planets, including the e ffects of aerosols and condensates; and far-IR and other data analysis techniques and studies. Research also includes laboratory measurements of thin ice films obtained from transmission spectroscopy techniques in Anderson's SPICE Laboratory, using her SPECtroscospy of Titan-Related ice AnaLogs (SPECTRAL) high-vacuum chamber.

    Research highlights include a recent discovery of a new high-altitude cloud is Titan's early winter south polar stratosphere, the discovery of hydrogen cyanide, cyanoacetylene, and subsidence-induced methane ice clouds in Titan's stratosphere, the formation of dicyanoacetylene ice in Titan's stratosphere via solid-state photochemistry, as well as the discovery that Titan's photochemical aerosol is chemically uniform throughout the atmosphere at altitudes below the stratopause. Actively involved in the Cassini spacecraft mission, through numerous ROSES CDAPS awards and with Cassini CIRS instrument operations.

    Positions/Employment

    2015 - Present

    Cassini CIRS Co-Investigator

    NASA, GSFC
    2012 - 2015

    Cassini Participating Scientist

    NASA, GSFC
    2011 - 2016

    Associate Chief of the Planetary Systems Laboratory

    NASA, GSFC
    2009 - Present

    Research Space Scientist

    NASA, GSFC
    2006 - 2009

    NASA Postdoctoral Fellow

    NASA/ORAU, GSFC

    Education

    2000 - B.S., Physics, Arizona State University
    2003 - M.S., Astronomy, New Mexico State University
    2006 - Ph.D., Astronomy, New Mexico State University

    Awards

    NASA Robert H. Goddard Exceptional Group Achievement Award for Mission Support - March 2016

    NASA Honor Exceptional Scienti c Achievement Medal - July 2015

    NASA Robert H. Goddard Exceptional Achievement for Engineering Team - March 2015

    NASA Robert H. Goddard Exceptional Achievement Award for Science - April 2013

    NASA Honor Early Career Achievement Medal- June 2012

    NASA Special Act Award- July 2010

    Grants

    10/01/2014 - 09/30/2017 ROSES CDAPS, NASA

    Titan's Particulate Properties and Thermal Structure from Cassini CIRS: Seasonal Variations

    ; Principal Investigator
    10/01/2012 - 09/30/2015 ROSES CDAPS, NASA

    Aerosol and Ice Properties of Titan's Stratosphere from a Combined Cassini CIRS and DISR Analysis

    ; Principal Investigator
    10/01/2012 - 09/30/2015 ROSES CDAPS, NASA

    Cassini/CIRS Studies of Saturn's Storm Systems

    ; Co-Investigator
    10/01/2011 - 09/30/2014 ROSES CDAPS, NASA

    Infrared Spectra and Optical Constants of Titan Candidate Ices Relevant to Cassini Data

    ; Collaborator
    10/01/2011 - 09/30/2014 ROSES PATM, NASA

    Analogs of Titan's Aerosol: Combined Laboratory, Modeling, and Observational Analyses in the Far-IR

    ; Co-Investigator
    10/01/2010 - 09/30/2013 ROSES CDAPS, NASA

    Titan's Thermal Structure and Particulate Properties from Cassini CIRS

    ; Principal Investigator
    10/01/2008 - 09/30/2011 ROSES CDAP, NASA

    Titan's lower atmosphere and surface from Cassini CIRS infrared spectra

    ; Collaborator

    Publications

    Refereed

    Gautier, T., M. G. Trainer, M. J. Loeffler, J. A. Sebree, and C. M. Anderson. 2017. "Environmental temperature effect on the far-infrared absorption features of aromatic-based Titan's aerosol analogs." Icarus, 281: 338-341 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.07.015]

    Anderson, C. M., R. E. Samuelson, Y. L. Yung, and J. L. McLain. 2016. "Solid-state photochemistry as a formation mechanism for Titan's stratospheric C4N2 ice clouds." Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (7): 3088-3094 [10.1002/2016gl067795]

    Doose, L. R., E. Karkoschka, M. G. Tomasko, and C. M. Anderson. 2016. "Vertical structure and optical properties of Titan’s aerosols from radiance measurements made inside and outside the atmosphere." Icarus, 270: 355-375 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.039]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus, 270: 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Sebree, J. A., M. G. Trainer, M. J. Loeffler, and C. M. Anderson. 2014. "Titan aerosol analog absorption features produced from aromatics in the far infrared." Icarus, 236: 146-152 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.03.039]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus, 243: 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Nixon, C. A., N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, and S. Vinatier. 2013. "Nitrogen in the Stratosphere of Titan from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectroscopy." The Early Evolution of the Atmospheres of Terrestrial Planets, 123-143 [10.1007/978-1-4614-5191-4_10]

    Gautier, T., N. Carrasco, A. Mahjoub, et al. S. Vinatier, A. Giuliani, C. Szopa, C. M. Anderson, J.-J. Correia, P. Dumas, and G. Cernogora. 2012. "Mid- and far-infrared absorption spectroscopy of Titan’s aerosols analogues." Icarus, 221: 320-327.

    Vinatier, S., P. Rannou, C. M. Anderson, et al. B. Bézard, R. de Kok, and R. E. Samuelson. 2012. "Optical constants of Titan’s stratospheric aerosols in the 70–1500cm−1 spectral range constrained by Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 219 (1): 5-12 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.02.009]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus, 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal, 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Anderson, C. M., and R. E. Samuelson. 2011. "Titan's aerosol and stratospheric ice opacities between 18 and 500 _m: Vertical and spectral characteristics from Cassini CIRS." Icarus, 212: 762 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.01.024]

    Barnes, J. W., L. Lemke, R. Foch, et al. C. P. McKay, R. A. Beyer, J. Radebaugh, D. H. Atkinson, R. D. Lorenz, S. Le Mouélic, S. Rodriguez, J. Gundlach, F. Giannini, S. Bain, F. M. Flasar, T. Hurford, C. M. Anderson, J. Merrison, M. Ádámkovics, S. A. Kattenhorn, J. Mitchell, D. M. Burr, A. Colaprete, E. Schaller, A. J. Friedson, K. S. Edgett, A. Coradini, A. Adriani, K. M. Sayanagi, M. J. Malaska, D. Morabito, and K. Reh. 2011. "AVIATR—Aerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance." Experimental Astronomy, 33 (1): 55-127 [10.1007/s10686-011-9275-9]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, G. Bjoraker, and R. Achterberg. 2010. "Particle size and abundance of HC3N ice in Titan’s lower stratosphere at high northern latitudes." Icarus, 207 (2): 914-922 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.12.024]

    Killen, R. M., A. E. Potter, R. J. Vervack, et al. E. T. Bradley, W. E. McClintock, C. M. Anderson, and M. H. Burger. 2010. "Observations of metallic species in Mercury’s exosphere." Icarus, 209 (1): 75-87 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.02.018]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, R. de Kok, et al. C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, C. A. Nixon, A. Mamoutkine, R. C. Carlson, D. E. Jennings, and E. A. Guandique. 2010. "Analysis of Cassini/CIRS limb spectra of Titan acquired during the nominal mission II: Aerosol extinction profiles in the 600–1420cm−1 spectral range." Icarus, 210 (2): 852-866 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.06.024]

    Hesman, B. E., D. E. Jennings, P. V. Sada, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. M. Anderson, R. J. Boyle, and L. A. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn’s Latitudinal C2H2 and C2H6 Abundance Profiles from Cassini/CIRS and Ground-Based Observations." Icarus, 202: 249-259.

    Anderson, C., E. Young, N. Chanover, and C. McKay. 2008. "HST spectral imaging of Titan's haze and methane profile between 0.6 and 1 μm during the 2000 opposition." Icarus, 194 (2): 721-745 [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.11.008]

    Anderson, C. M., N. J. Chanover, C. P. McKay, et al. P. Rannou, D. A. Glenar, and J. J. Hillman. 2004. "Titan's haze structure in 1999 from spatially-resolved narrowband imaging surrounding the 0.94 μm methane window." Geophysical Research Letters, 31 (17): [10.1029/2004gl019857]

    Chanover, N., C. Anderson, C. McKay, et al. P. Rannou, D. Glenar, J. Hillman, and W. Blass. 2003. "Probing Titan’s lower atmosphere with acousto-optic tuning." Icarus, 163 (1): 150-163 [10.1016/s0019-1035(03)00075-7]

    Anderson, C. M. 2002. "Ratio of sodium to potassium in the Mercury exosphere." Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (E6): 5040 [10.1029/2000je001493]

    Brief Bio

    Planetary Astronomer in the Astrochemistry Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Research focuses on the remote sensing of planetary atmospheres, primarily in the areas of thermal structure and particulate composition, using space- and ground-based data. This includes radiative transfer analyses of the outer planets, including the e ffects of aerosols and condensates; and far-IR and other data analysis techniques and studies. Research also includes laboratory measurements of thin ice films obtained from transmission spectroscopy techniques in Anderson's SPICE Laboratory, using her SPECtroscospy of Titan-Related ice AnaLogs (SPECTRAL) high-vacuum chamber.

    Research highlights include a recent discovery of a new high-altitude cloud is Titan's early winter south polar stratosphere, the discovery of hydrogen cyanide, cyanoacetylene, and subsidence-induced methane ice clouds in Titan's stratosphere, the formation of dicyanoacetylene ice in Titan's stratosphere via solid-state photochemistry, as well as the discovery that Titan's photochemical aerosol is chemically uniform throughout the atmosphere at altitudes below the stratopause. Actively involved in the Cassini spacecraft mission, through numerous ROSES CDAPS awards and with Cassini CIRS instrument operations.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Gautier, T., M. G. Trainer, M. J. Loeffler, J. A. Sebree, and C. M. Anderson. 2017. "Environmental temperature effect on the far-infrared absorption features of aromatic-based Titan's aerosol analogs." Icarus 281 338-341 [10.1016/j.icarus.2016.07.015]

    Anderson, C. M., R. E. Samuelson, Y. L. Yung, and J. L. McLain. 2016. "Solid-state photochemistry as a formation mechanism for Titan's stratospheric C4N2 ice clouds." Geophysical Research Letters 43 (7): 3088-3094 [10.1002/2016gl067795]

    Doose, L. R., E. Karkoschka, M. G. Tomasko, and C. M. Anderson. 2016. "Vertical structure and optical properties of Titan’s aerosols from radiance measurements made inside and outside the atmosphere." Icarus 270 355-375 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.039]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus 270 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Sebree, J. A., M. G. Trainer, M. J. Loeffler, and C. M. Anderson. 2014. "Titan aerosol analog absorption features produced from aromatics in the far infrared." Icarus 236 146-152 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.03.039]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus 243 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Nixon, C. A., N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, and S. Vinatier. 2013. "Nitrogen in the Stratosphere of Titan from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectroscopy." The Early Evolution of the Atmospheres of Terrestrial Planets 123-143 [10.1007/978-1-4614-5191-4_10]

    Gautier, T., N. Carrasco, A. Mahjoub, et al. S. Vinatier, A. Giuliani, C. Szopa, C. M. Anderson, J.-J. Correia, P. Dumas, and G. Cernogora. 2012. "Mid- and far-infrared absorption spectroscopy of Titan’s aerosols analogues." Icarus 221 320-327

    Vinatier, S., P. Rannou, C. M. Anderson, et al. B. Bézard, R. de Kok, and R. E. Samuelson. 2012. "Optical constants of Titan’s stratospheric aerosols in the 70–1500cm−1 spectral range constrained by Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 219 (1): 5-12 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.02.009]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Anderson, C. M., and R. E. Samuelson. 2011. "Titan's aerosol and stratospheric ice opacities between 18 and 500 _m: Vertical and spectral characteristics from Cassini CIRS." Icarus 212 762 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.01.024]

    Barnes, J. W., L. Lemke, R. Foch, et al. C. P. McKay, R. A. Beyer, J. Radebaugh, D. H. Atkinson, R. D. Lorenz, S. Le Mouélic, S. Rodriguez, J. Gundlach, F. Giannini, S. Bain, F. M. Flasar, T. Hurford, C. M. Anderson, J. Merrison, M. Ádámkovics, S. A. Kattenhorn, J. Mitchell, D. M. Burr, A. Colaprete, E. Schaller, A. J. Friedson, K. S. Edgett, A. Coradini, A. Adriani, K. M. Sayanagi, M. J. Malaska, D. Morabito, and K. Reh. 2011. "AVIATR—Aerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance." Experimental Astronomy 33 (1): 55-127 [10.1007/s10686-011-9275-9]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, G. Bjoraker, and R. Achterberg. 2010. "Particle size and abundance of HC3N ice in Titan’s lower stratosphere at high northern latitudes." Icarus 207 (2): 914-922 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.12.024]

    Killen, R. M., A. E. Potter, R. J. Vervack, et al. E. T. Bradley, W. E. McClintock, C. M. Anderson, and M. H. Burger. 2010. "Observations of metallic species in Mercury’s exosphere." Icarus 209 (1): 75-87 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.02.018]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, R. de Kok, et al. C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, C. A. Nixon, A. Mamoutkine, R. C. Carlson, D. E. Jennings, and E. A. Guandique. 2010. "Analysis of Cassini/CIRS limb spectra of Titan acquired during the nominal mission II: Aerosol extinction profiles in the 600–1420cm−1 spectral range." Icarus 210 (2): 852-866 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.06.024]

    Hesman, B. E., D. E. Jennings, P. V. Sada, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. M. Anderson, R. J. Boyle, and L. A. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn’s Latitudinal C2H2 and C2H6 Abundance Profiles from Cassini/CIRS and Ground-Based Observations." Icarus 202 249-259.

    Anderson, C., E. Young, N. Chanover, and C. McKay. 2008. "HST spectral imaging of Titan's haze and methane profile between 0.6 and 1 μm during the 2000 opposition." Icarus 194 (2): 721-745 [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.11.008]

    Anderson, C. M., N. J. Chanover, C. P. McKay, et al. P. Rannou, D. A. Glenar, and J. J. Hillman. 2004. "Titan's haze structure in 1999 from spatially-resolved narrowband imaging surrounding the 0.94 μm methane window." Geophysical Research Letters 31 (17): [10.1029/2004gl019857]

    Chanover, N., C. Anderson, C. McKay, et al. P. Rannou, D. Glenar, J. Hillman, and W. Blass. 2003. "Probing Titan’s lower atmosphere with acousto-optic tuning." Icarus 163 (1): 150-163 [10.1016/s0019-1035(03)00075-7]

    Anderson, C. M. 2002. "Ratio of sodium to potassium in the Mercury exosphere." Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (E6): 5040 [10.1029/2000je001493]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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