Ann M Fridlind

Ann M Fridlind

  • RSCH AST, CLIMATE AND RADIATION STD
  • 212.678.5674
  • NASA GISS
  • 2880 Broadway
  • New York , NY 10025
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Fridlind has been PI of numerous grants awarded by NASA and DOE, all focused on aerosol-cloud interactions in cold clouds. She is an author of more than 40 peer-reviewed publications, and co-author of programmatic white papers for the DOE Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program, the NASA Aerosol-Cloud-Ecosystem (ACE) Mission, and the NASA Aerosol and Precipitation Spectrometer (APS) 2 Mission. For the ACE study, Dr. Fridlind was responsible for establishing target uncertainty parameters for satellite measurements leading to evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect. She recently began work on NASA ModelE GCM development with Dr. Andrew Ackerman to implement, test, and improve a two-moment microphysics scheme for warm and cold stratiform clouds, drawing on her past studies of ice-containing stratus and deep convection outflow using a range of observational data sets and cloud-resolving models with size-resolved and two-moment microphysics. She currently serves on the WCRP/GEWEX Global Atmospheric System Studies (GASS) Panel and the WCRP/GEWEX Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation, Climate (ACPC) Initiative Steering Committee.

    Research Interests

    Cloud Processes

    Microphysical processes in cold and warm clouds and their relationship to aerosol and dynamical environments. Observational constraint of simulated cloud systems using in situ and remote-sensing data sets. Development of consistent, observation-tested treatments of ice physical and optical properties for cloud and climate models.

    Current Projects

    Cloud System Studies

    -- various boundary-layer cloud systems observed during the 2009 RACORO campaign over Oklahoma
    -- synoptic cirrus observed during the 2010 SPARTICUS campaign over Oklahoma
    -- deep convection observed during the 2011 MC3E campaign over Oklahoma
    -- deep convection observed during the 2014 HAIC/HIWC campaign based in Darwin, Australia

    Climate Model Development

    -- streamlining ModelE Single Column Model (SCM) setup and operation
    -- participation in GCSS intercomparison projects using ModelE SCM (DICE, Arctic air, CIRC-II)
    -- development of observation-based case studies to test two-moment microphysics implementation

    Positions/Employment

    2005 - Present

    Physical Scientist

    NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY Conduct independent and collaborative research relevant to the climate impact of clouds and aerosols, and support improvement of aerosol-cloud interactions in ModelE.
    2003 - 2005

    Physical Scientist

    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA Conduct independent and collaborative research relevant to the climate impact of clouds and aerosols.
    2002 - 2003

    Postdoctoral Fellow

    National Research Council, Moffett Field, CA Use 3D simulations to study deep convection observed during the CRYSTAL-FACE campaign.

    Education

    -- Ph.D. Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, 2002
    -- M.S. Hydrologic Sciences, University of California, Davis, 1996
    -- B.S. Civil Engineering, Stanford University, 1992
    -- B.A. Economics, Stanford University, 1992

    Professional Service

    -- WCRP/GEWEX Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation, Climate (ACPC) Initiative Steering Committee, 2012–present
    -- GEWEX Global Atmospheric System Studies (GASS) Science Steering Committee, 2011–present
    -- NASA/FAA/Environment Canada High Ice Water Content Science Team, 2007–present
    -- Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group Steering Committee, DOE Atmospheric System Research Program, 2009–2012
    -- Cloud Physics Committee, American Meteorological Society, 2006–2012
    -- Chair, Cloud Modeling Working Group, DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, 2008–2009
    -- Associate Editor, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 2004–2007

    Awards

    -- Editor’s Citation for Excellent in Refereeing, American Geophysical Union, 2012
    -- Individual Performance Award, NASA, 2009, 2014
    -- Best First Paper at Ames, NASA, 2004
    -- Spotlight Performance Award, NASA, 2003

    Publications

    Refereed

    Zhou, X., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, and P. Kollias. 2018. "Simulation of mesoscale cellular convection in marine stratocumulus. Part I: Drizzling conditions." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, JAS-D-17-0070.1 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0070.1]

    Ladino, L. A., A. Korolev, I. Heckman, et al. M. Wolde, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2017. "On the role of ice-nucleating aerosol in the formation of ice particles in tropical mesoscale convective systems." Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (3): 1574-1582 [10.1002/2016gl072455]

    Fridlind, A. M., X. Li, D. Wu, et al. M. van Lier-Walqui, A. S. Ackerman, W.-K. Tao, G. M. McFarquhar, W. Wu, X. Dong, J. Wang, A. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, A. Neumann, and J. M. Tomlinson. 2017. "Derivation of aerosol profiles for MC3E convection studies and use in simulations of the 20 May squall line case." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (9): 5947-5972 [10.5194/acp-17-5947-2017]

    Zhou, X., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, R. Wood, and P. Kollias. 2017. "Impacts of solar-absorbing aerosol layers on the transition of stratocumulus to trade cumulus clouds." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (20): 12725-12742 [10.5194/acp-17-12725-2017]

    Rémillard, J., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, et al. G. Tselioudis, P. Kollias, D. B. Mechem, H. E. Chandler, E. Luke, R. Wood, M. K. Witte, P. Y. Chuang, and J. K. Ayers. 2017. "Use of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra to Evaluate Stratocumulus Drizzle Size Distributions in Large-Eddy Simulations with Size-Resolved Microphysics." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56 (12): 3263-3283 [10.1175/jamc-d-17-0100.1]

    van Lier-Walqui, M., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, et al. S. Collis, J. Helmus, D. R. MacGorman, K. North, P. Kollias, and D. J. Posselt. 2016. "On polarimetric radar signatures of deep convection for model evaluation: Columns of specific differential phase observed during MC3E*." Monthly Weather Review, 144 (2): 737-758 [10.1175/mwr-d-15-0100.1]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, and B. Cairns. 2016. "On averaging aspect ratios and distortion parameters over ice crystal population ensembles for estimating effective scattering asymmetry parameters." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73 (2): 775-787 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0150.1]

    Tao, W.-K., D. Wu, S. Lang, et al. J.-D. Chern, C. Peters-Lidard, A. Fridlind, and T. Matsui. 2016. "High-resolution NU-WRF simulations of a deep convective-precipitation system during MC3E: Further improvements and comparisons between Goddard microphysics schemes and observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (3): 1278-1305 [10.1002/2015jd023986]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, B. Cairns, A. S. Ackerman, and J. E. Yorks. 2016. "Vertical variation of ice particle size in convective cloud tops." Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (9): 4586-4593 [10.1002/2016gl068548]

    Fridlind, A. M., R. Atlas, B. van Diedenhoven, et al. J. Um, G. M. McFarquhar, A. S. Ackerman, E. J. Moyer, and R. P. Lawson. 2016. "Derivation of physical and optical properties of mid-latitude cirrus ice crystals for a size-resolved cloud microphysics model." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (11): 7251-7283 [10.5194/acp-16-7251-2016]

    Krueger, S. K., H. Morrison, and A. M. Fridlind. 2016. "Cloud-resolving modeling: ARM and the GCSS story." Meteorological Monographs, 57: 25.1-25.16 [10.1175/amsmonographs-d-15-0047.1]

    Wood, R., M. P. Jensen, J. Wang, et al. C. S. Bretherton, S. M. Burrows, A. D. Del Genio, A. M. Fridlind, S. J. Ghan, V. P. Ghate, P. Kollias, S. K. Krueger, R. L. McGraw, M. A. Miller, D. Painemal, L. M. Russell, S. E. Yuter, and P. Zuidema. 2016. "Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97 (9): 1699-1702 [10.1175/bams-d-16-0160.1]

    Jackson, R. C., G. M. McFarquhar, A. Fridlind, and R. Atlas. 2015. "The dependence of cirrus gamma size distributions expressed as volumes in N0-lambda-mu phase space and bulk cloud properties on environmental conditions: Results from Small Ice Particles in Cirrus Experiment (SPARTICUS)." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (19): 10351-10377 [doi:10.1002/2015JD023492]

    Ackerman, A. S., A. M. Fridlind, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. "High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 2. Evaluation of microphysical pathways in updraft parcel simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15: 11729-11751 [10.5194/acp-15-11729-2015]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. "High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 1. Consistency of in situ and remote-sensing observations with stratiform rain column simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15: 11713-11728 [10.5194/acp-15-11713-2015]

    Smith Mrowiec, A. A., O. M. Pauluis, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2015. "Properties of a mesoscale convective system in the context of an isentropic analysis." J. Atmos. Sci., 72 (5): 1945-1962 [10.1175/JAS-D-14-0139.1]

    Endo, S., A. M. Fridlind, W. Lin, et al. A. M. Vogelmann, T. Toto, A. S. Ackerman, G. M. McFarquhar, R. C. Jackson, H. H. Jonsson, and Y. Liu. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 2. Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with in situ and ground-based observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (12): 5993-6014 [10.1002/2014jd022525]

    Vogelmann, A. M., A. M. Fridlind, T. Toto, et al. S. Endo, W. Lin, J. Wang, S. Feng, Y. Zhang, D. D. Turner, Y. Liu, Z. Li, S. Xie, A. S. Ackerman, M. Zhang, and M. Khairoutdinov. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 1. Case study development and ensemble large-scale forcings." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (12): 5962-5992 [10.1002/2014jd022713]

    Lin, W., Y. Liu, A. M. Vogelmann, et al. A. Fridlind, S. Endo, H. Song, S. Feng, T. Toto, Z. Li, and M. Zhang. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 3. Separation of parameterization biases single-column model CAM5 simulations of shallow cumulus." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (12): 6015-6033 [10.1002/2014jd022524]

    Wang, S., A. H. Sobel, A. Fridlind, et al. Z. Feng, J. M. Comstock, P. Minnis, and M. L. Nordeen. 2015. "Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7 (3): 1472-1498 [10.1002/2015ms000461]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, B. Cairns, and A. S. Ackerman. 2014. "Variation of ice crystal size, shape and asymmetry parameter in tops of tropical deep convective clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (20): 11809-11825 [doi:10.1002/2014JD022385]

    Petch, J., A. Hill, L. Davies, et al. A. Fridlind, C. Jakob, Y. Lin, S. Xie, and P. Zhu. 2014. "Evaluation of intercomparisons of four different types of model simulating TWP-ICE." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 140 (680): 826-837 [10.1002/qj.2192]

    Van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. Ackerman, B. Cairns, and A. M. Fridlind. 2014. "A Flexible Parameterization for Shortwave Optical Properties of Ice Crystals." J. Atmos. Sci., 71 (5): 1763-1782 [10.1175/JAS-D-13-0205.1]

    Ovchinnikov, M., A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, et al. A. Cheng, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, S. Ghan, J. Harrington, C. Hoose, A. Korolev, G. M. McFarquhar, H. Morrison, M. Paukert, J. Savre, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, A. Solomon, and K. Sulia. 2014. "Intercomparison of large-eddy simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds: Importance of ice size distribution assumptions." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6 (1): 223-248 [10.1002/2013MS000282]

    Rio, C., J.-Y. Grandpeix, F. Hourdin, et al. F. Guichard, F. Couvreux, J.-P. Lafore, A. Fridlind, A. Mrowiec, S. Bony, N. Rochetin, R. Roehrig, A. Idelkadi, M.-P. Lefebvre, and I. Musat. 2013. "Control of deep convection by sub-cloud lifting processes: the ALP closure in the LMDZ5B general circulation model." Clim Dyn, 40 (9-10): 2271-2292 [10.1007/s00382-012-1506-x]

    van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and T. J. Garrett. 2013. "Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements – Part 2: Application to the Research Scanning Polarimeter." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (6): 3185-3203 [10.5194/acp-13-3185-2013]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and B. Cairns. 2012. "Evaluation of Hydrometeor Phase and Ice Properties in Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Tropical Deep Convection Using Radiance and Polarization Measurements." J Atmos Sci, 69 (11): 3290-3314 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-0314.1]

    Zhu, P., J. Dudhia, P. Field, et al. K. Wapler, A. Fridlind, A. Varble, E. Zipser, J. Petch, M. Chen, and Z. Zhu. 2012. "A limited area model (LAM) intercomparison study of a TWP-ICE active monsoon mesoscale convective event." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D11): D11208 [10.1029/2011JD016447]

    van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, P. Yang, and B. A. Baum. 2012. "Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements. Part I: Methodology and evaluation with simulated measurements." Atmos Meas Tech, 5 (10): 2361-2374 [10.5194/amt-5-2361-2012]

    Smith Mrowiec, A. A., C. Rio, A. M. Fridlind, et al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Del Genio, O. M. Pauluis, A. C. Varble, and J. Fan. 2012. "Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions." J Geophys Res, 117 (D19): D19201 [10.1029/2012JD017759]

    Fridlind, A. M., B. van Diedenhoven, A. S. Ackerman, et al. A. Avramov, A. Mrowiec, H. Morrison, P. Zuidema, and M. D. Shupe. 2012. "A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA Case Study of Mixed-Phase Arctic Boundary Layer Clouds: Entrainment Rate Limitations on Rapid Primary Ice Nucleation Processes." J Atmos Sci, 69 (1): 365-389 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-052.1]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, J. P. Chaboureau, et al. J. Fan, W. W. Grabowski, A. Hill, T. R. Jones, M. M. Khaiyer, G. Liu, P. Minnis, H. Morrison, L. Nguyen, S. Park, J. C. Petch, J. P. Pinty, C. Schumacher, B. Shipway, A. C. Varble, X. Wu, S. Xie, and M. Zhang. 2012. "A comparison of TWP-ICE observational data with cloud-resolving model results." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D5): D05204 [10.1029/2011JD016595]

    Hallar, A. G., J. A. Huffman, and A. Fridlind. 2012. "Biological aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation." Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 93 (51): 539-539 [10.1029/2012eo510011]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. "Influence of Humidified Aerosol on Lidar Depolarization Measurements below Ice-Precipitating Arctic Stratus." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50 (10): 2184-2192 [10.1175/JAMC-D-11-037.1]

    Varble, A., A. Fridlind, E. Zipser, et al. A. Ackerman, J. Chaboureau, J. Fan, A. Hill, S. McFarlane, J. Pinty, and B. Shipway. 2011. "Evaluation of cloud-resolving model intercomparison simulations using TWP-ICE observations: Precipitation and cloud structure." J Geophys Res, 116 (D12): D12206 [10.1029/2010JD015180]

    Morrison, H., P. Zuidema, A. S. Ackerman, et al. A. Avramov, G. de Boer, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, Y. Luo, M. Ovchinnikov, and B. Shipway. 2011. "Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE." J Adv Model Earth Syst, 3 (2): M06003 [10.1029/2011MS000066]

    Fridlind, A. M., and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. "Estimating the Sensitivity of Radiative Impacts of Shallow, Broken Marine Clouds to Boundary Layer Aerosol Size Distribution Parameter Uncertainties for Evaluation of Satellite Retrieval Requirements." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28 (4): 530-538 [10.1175/2010JTECHA1520.1]

    Botta, G., K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, et al. A. E. Avramov, A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, G. M. McFarquhar, and M. Wolde. 2011. "Millimeter wave scattering from ice crystals and their aggregates: Comparing cloud model simulations with X- and Ka-band radar measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 116: D00T04 [10.1029/2011JD015909]

    Avramov, A., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, et al. B. Van Diedenhoven, G. Botta, K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, A. V. Korolev, W. Strapp, G. M. McFarquhar, R. Jackson, S. D. Brooks, A. Glen, and M. Wolde. 2011. "Toward ice formation closure in Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds during ISDAC." J. Geophys. Res., 116: D00T08 [10.1029/2011JD015910]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, E. W. Eloranta, and G. M. McFarquhar. 2009. "An evaluation of ice formation in large-eddy simulations of supercooled Arctic stratocumulus using ground-based lidar and cloud radar." J. Geophys. Res., 114 (D10): D10203 [10.1029/2008JD011198]

    Klein, S. A., R. B. McCoy, H. Morrison, et al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, G. de Boer, M. Chen, J. N. Cole, A. D. Del Genio, M. Falk, M. J. Foster, A. M. Fridlind, J. C. Golaz, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, M. F. Khairoutdinov, V. E. Larson, X. Liu, Y. Luo, G. M. McFarquhar, S. Menon, R. A. Neggers, S. Park, M. R. Poellot, J. M. Schmidt, I. Sednev, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, D. A. Spangenberg, Y. C. Sud, D. D. Turner, D. E. Veron, K. von Salzen, G. K. Walker, Z. Wang, A. B. Wolf, S. Xie, X. M. Xu, F. Yang, and G. Zhang. 2009. "Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 135 (641): 979-1002 [10.1002/qj.416]

    Sayres, D. S., J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, et al. E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Anderson, G. Heymsfield, L. Li, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2008. "Validation and determination of ice water content-radar reflectivity relationships during CRYSTAL-FACE: Flight requirements for future comparisons." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D5): D05208 [10.1029/2007JD008847]

    Quinn, P. K., T. S. Bates, E. Baum, et al. N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl, and S. G. Warren. 2008. "Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8 (6): 1723-1735 [10.5194/acp-8-1723-2008]

    McFarquhar, G. M., G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, et al. G. L. Kok, R. McCoy, T. Tooman, A. Fridlind, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. "Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 1. Observations." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D24): D24201 [10.1029/2007JD008633]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, G. McFarquhar, et al. G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, P. J. DeMott, A. J. Prenni, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. "Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 2. Model results." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D24): D24202 [10.1029/2007JD008646]

    Barth, M. C., S.-W. Kim, C. Wang, et al. K. E. Pickering, L. E. Ott, G. Stenchikov, M. Leriche, S. Cautenet, J.-P. Pinty, C. Barthe, C. Mari, J. Helsdon, R. Farley, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, V. Spiridonov, and B. Telenta. 2007. "Cloud-scale model intercomparison of chemical constituent transport in deep convection." Atmos Chem Phys, 7: 4709-4731 [10.5194/acp-7-4709-2007]

    Lopez, J. P., A. M. Fridlind, H. Jost, et al. M. Loewenstein, A. S. Ackerman, T. L. Campos, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, A. G. Hallar, L. M. Avallone, S. M. Davis, and R. L. Herman. 2006. "CO signatures in subtropical convective clouds and anvils during CRYSTAL-FACE: An analysis of convective transport and entrainment using observations and a cloud-resolving model." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D9): D09305 [10.1029/2005JD006104]

    Heymsfield, A. J., L. M. Miloshevich, C. Schmitt, et al. A. Bansemer, C. Twohy, M. R. Peollot, A. Fridlind, and H. Gerber. 2005. "Homogeneous Ice Nucleation in Subtropical and Tropical Convection and Its Influence on Cirrus Anvil Microphysics." J Atmos Sci, 62 (1): 41-64 [10.1175/JAS-3360.1]

    Jensen, E. J., J. B. Smith, L. Pfister, et al. J. V. Pittman, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, R. L. Herman, R. F. Troy, K. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, A. M. Fridlind, P. K. Hudson, D. J. Cziczo, A. J. Heymsfield, C. Schmitt, and J. C. Wilson. 2005. "Ice supersaturations exceeding 100% at the cold tropical tropopause: implications for cirrus formation and dehydration." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5 (3): 851-862 [10.5194/acp-5-851-2005]

    Xueref, I., C. Cerbig, A. Fridlind, et al. J. C. Lin, S. C. Wofsy, B. C. Daube, A. S. Ackerman, J. E. Smith, D. Sayres, J. Vellovic, D. G. Baumgardner, D. Wang, E. Weinstock, A. E. Andrews, E. W. Gottlieb, and J. G. Anderson. 2004. "Combining a receptor-oriented framework for tracer distributions with a cloud-resolving model to study transport in deep convective clouds: Application to the NASA CRYSTAL-FACE campaign." Geophys Res Lett, 31 (14): L14106 [10.1029/2004GL019811]

    Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2003. "Point and column aerosol radiative closure during ACE 1: Effects of particle shape and size." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D3): 4094 [10.1029/2001JD001553]

    Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2000. "A study of gas-aerosol equilibrium and aerosol pH in the remote marine boundary layer during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE 1)." J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D13): 17325-17340 [10.1029/2000JD900209]

    Fridlind, A. M., M. Z. Jacobson, V. Kerminen, et al. R. E. Hillamo, V. Ricard, and J. Jaffrezo. 2000. "Analysis of gas-aerosol partitioning in the Arctic: Comparison of size-resolved equilibrium model results with field data." J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D15): 19891-19904 [10.1029/2000JD900257]

    Non-Refereed

    Quaas, J., D. Rosenfeld, A. M. Fridlind, et al. R. Wood, G. Feingold, S. van den Heever, and P. Stier. 2016. "ACPC Initiative to identify signatures of aerosol-cloud interactions in high-resolution modeling and observations." GEWEX News 3: 5-7.

    Quaas, J., D. Rosenfeld, A. M. Fridlind, and R. Wood. 2015. "Workshop on the Aerosols-Clouds-Precipitation and Climate (ACPC) Initiative." GEWEX News 25 (2): 11-12.

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, J. Petch, et al. P. Field, A. Hill, G. McFarquhar, S. Xie, and M. Zhang. 2010. "ARM/GCSS/SPARC TWP-ICE CRM Intercomparison Study." NASA-TM-2010-215858: Greenbelt, Md: [Full Text (Link)]

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Fridlind has been PI of numerous grants awarded by NASA and DOE, all focused on aerosol-cloud interactions in cold clouds. She is an author of more than 40 peer-reviewed publications, and co-author of programmatic white papers for the DOE Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program, the NASA Aerosol-Cloud-Ecosystem (ACE) Mission, and the NASA Aerosol and Precipitation Spectrometer (APS) 2 Mission. For the ACE study, Dr. Fridlind was responsible for establishing target uncertainty parameters for satellite measurements leading to evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect. She recently began work on NASA ModelE GCM development with Dr. Andrew Ackerman to implement, test, and improve a two-moment microphysics scheme for warm and cold stratiform clouds, drawing on her past studies of ice-containing stratus and deep convection outflow using a range of observational data sets and cloud-resolving models with size-resolved and two-moment microphysics. She currently serves on the WCRP/GEWEX Global Atmospheric System Studies (GASS) Panel and the WCRP/GEWEX Aerosols, Clouds, Precipitation, Climate (ACPC) Initiative Steering Committee.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Zhou, X., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, and P. Kollias. 2018. "Simulation of mesoscale cellular convection in marine stratocumulus. Part I: Drizzling conditions." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences JAS-D-17-0070.1 [10.1175/jas-d-17-0070.1]

    Ladino, L. A., A. Korolev, I. Heckman, et al. M. Wolde, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2017. "On the role of ice-nucleating aerosol in the formation of ice particles in tropical mesoscale convective systems." Geophysical Research Letters 44 (3): 1574-1582 [10.1002/2016gl072455]

    Fridlind, A. M., X. Li, D. Wu, et al. M. van Lier-Walqui, A. S. Ackerman, W.-K. Tao, G. M. McFarquhar, W. Wu, X. Dong, J. Wang, A. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, A. Neumann, and J. M. Tomlinson. 2017. "Derivation of aerosol profiles for MC3E convection studies and use in simulations of the 20 May squall line case." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (9): 5947-5972 [10.5194/acp-17-5947-2017]

    Zhou, X., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, R. Wood, and P. Kollias. 2017. "Impacts of solar-absorbing aerosol layers on the transition of stratocumulus to trade cumulus clouds." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (20): 12725-12742 [10.5194/acp-17-12725-2017]

    Rémillard, J., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, et al. G. Tselioudis, P. Kollias, D. B. Mechem, H. E. Chandler, E. Luke, R. Wood, M. K. Witte, P. Y. Chuang, and J. K. Ayers. 2017. "Use of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra to Evaluate Stratocumulus Drizzle Size Distributions in Large-Eddy Simulations with Size-Resolved Microphysics." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 56 (12): 3263-3283 [10.1175/jamc-d-17-0100.1]

    van Lier-Walqui, M., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, et al. S. Collis, J. Helmus, D. R. MacGorman, K. North, P. Kollias, and D. J. Posselt. 2016. "On polarimetric radar signatures of deep convection for model evaluation: Columns of specific differential phase observed during MC3E*." Monthly Weather Review 144 (2): 737-758 [10.1175/mwr-d-15-0100.1]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, and B. Cairns. 2016. "On averaging aspect ratios and distortion parameters over ice crystal population ensembles for estimating effective scattering asymmetry parameters." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 (2): 775-787 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0150.1]

    Tao, W.-K., D. Wu, S. Lang, et al. J.-D. Chern, C. Peters-Lidard, A. Fridlind, and T. Matsui. 2016. "High-resolution NU-WRF simulations of a deep convective-precipitation system during MC3E: Further improvements and comparisons between Goddard microphysics schemes and observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (3): 1278-1305 [10.1002/2015jd023986]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, B. Cairns, A. S. Ackerman, and J. E. Yorks. 2016. "Vertical variation of ice particle size in convective cloud tops." Geophysical Research Letters 43 (9): 4586-4593 [10.1002/2016gl068548]

    Fridlind, A. M., R. Atlas, B. van Diedenhoven, et al. J. Um, G. M. McFarquhar, A. S. Ackerman, E. J. Moyer, and R. P. Lawson. 2016. "Derivation of physical and optical properties of mid-latitude cirrus ice crystals for a size-resolved cloud microphysics model." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (11): 7251-7283 [10.5194/acp-16-7251-2016]

    Krueger, S. K., H. Morrison, and A. M. Fridlind. 2016. "Cloud-resolving modeling: ARM and the GCSS story." Meteorological Monographs 57 25.1-25.16 [10.1175/amsmonographs-d-15-0047.1]

    Wood, R., M. P. Jensen, J. Wang, et al. C. S. Bretherton, S. M. Burrows, A. D. Del Genio, A. M. Fridlind, S. J. Ghan, V. P. Ghate, P. Kollias, S. K. Krueger, R. L. McGraw, M. A. Miller, D. Painemal, L. M. Russell, S. E. Yuter, and P. Zuidema. 2016. "Planning the next decade of coordinated research to better understand and simulate marine low clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97 (9): 1699-1702 [10.1175/bams-d-16-0160.1]

    Jackson, R. C., G. M. McFarquhar, A. Fridlind, and R. Atlas. 2015. "The dependence of cirrus gamma size distributions expressed as volumes in N0-lambda-mu phase space and bulk cloud properties on environmental conditions: Results from Small Ice Particles in Cirrus Experiment (SPARTICUS)." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (19): 10351-10377 [doi:10.1002/2015JD023492]

    Ackerman, A. S., A. M. Fridlind, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. "High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 2. Evaluation of microphysical pathways in updraft parcel simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 11729-11751 [10.5194/acp-15-11729-2015]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, A. Grandlin, et al. F. Dezitter, M. Weber, J. W. Strapp, and A. Korolev. 2015. "High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection -- Part 1. Consistency of in situ and remote-sensing observations with stratiform rain column simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 11713-11728 [10.5194/acp-15-11713-2015]

    Smith Mrowiec, A. A., O. M. Pauluis, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2015. "Properties of a mesoscale convective system in the context of an isentropic analysis." J. Atmos. Sci. 72 (5): 1945-1962 [10.1175/JAS-D-14-0139.1]

    Endo, S., A. M. Fridlind, W. Lin, et al. A. M. Vogelmann, T. Toto, A. S. Ackerman, G. M. McFarquhar, R. C. Jackson, H. H. Jonsson, and Y. Liu. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 2. Large-eddy simulations of cumulus clouds and evaluation with in situ and ground-based observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 5993-6014 [10.1002/2014jd022525]

    Vogelmann, A. M., A. M. Fridlind, T. Toto, et al. S. Endo, W. Lin, J. Wang, S. Feng, Y. Zhang, D. D. Turner, Y. Liu, Z. Li, S. Xie, A. S. Ackerman, M. Zhang, and M. Khairoutdinov. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 1. Case study development and ensemble large-scale forcings." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 5962-5992 [10.1002/2014jd022713]

    Lin, W., Y. Liu, A. M. Vogelmann, et al. A. Fridlind, S. Endo, H. Song, S. Feng, T. Toto, Z. Li, and M. Zhang. 2015. "RACORO continental boundary layer cloud investigations: 3. Separation of parameterization biases single-column model CAM5 simulations of shallow cumulus." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (12): 6015-6033 [10.1002/2014jd022524]

    Wang, S., A. H. Sobel, A. Fridlind, et al. Z. Feng, J. M. Comstock, P. Minnis, and M. L. Nordeen. 2015. "Simulations of cloud-radiation interaction using large-scale forcing derived from the CINDY/DYNAMO northern sounding array." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7 (3): 1472-1498 [10.1002/2015ms000461]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, B. Cairns, and A. S. Ackerman. 2014. "Variation of ice crystal size, shape and asymmetry parameter in tops of tropical deep convective clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (20): 11809-11825 [doi:10.1002/2014JD022385]

    Petch, J., A. Hill, L. Davies, et al. A. Fridlind, C. Jakob, Y. Lin, S. Xie, and P. Zhu. 2014. "Evaluation of intercomparisons of four different types of model simulating TWP-ICE." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 140 (680): 826-837 [10.1002/qj.2192]

    Van Diedenhoven, B., A. S. Ackerman, B. Cairns, and A. M. Fridlind. 2014. "A Flexible Parameterization for Shortwave Optical Properties of Ice Crystals." J. Atmos. Sci. 71 (5): 1763-1782 [10.1175/JAS-D-13-0205.1]

    Ovchinnikov, M., A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, et al. A. Cheng, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, S. Ghan, J. Harrington, C. Hoose, A. Korolev, G. M. McFarquhar, H. Morrison, M. Paukert, J. Savre, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, A. Solomon, and K. Sulia. 2014. "Intercomparison of large-eddy simulations of Arctic mixed-phase clouds: Importance of ice size distribution assumptions." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (1): 223-248 [10.1002/2013MS000282]

    Rio, C., J.-Y. Grandpeix, F. Hourdin, et al. F. Guichard, F. Couvreux, J.-P. Lafore, A. Fridlind, A. Mrowiec, S. Bony, N. Rochetin, R. Roehrig, A. Idelkadi, M.-P. Lefebvre, and I. Musat. 2013. "Control of deep convection by sub-cloud lifting processes: the ALP closure in the LMDZ5B general circulation model." Clim Dyn 40 (9-10): 2271-2292 [10.1007/s00382-012-1506-x]

    van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and T. J. Garrett. 2013. "Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements – Part 2: Application to the Research Scanning Polarimeter." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (6): 3185-3203 [10.5194/acp-13-3185-2013]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and B. Cairns. 2012. "Evaluation of Hydrometeor Phase and Ice Properties in Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Tropical Deep Convection Using Radiance and Polarization Measurements." J Atmos Sci 69 (11): 3290-3314 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-0314.1]

    Zhu, P., J. Dudhia, P. Field, et al. K. Wapler, A. Fridlind, A. Varble, E. Zipser, J. Petch, M. Chen, and Z. Zhu. 2012. "A limited area model (LAM) intercomparison study of a TWP-ICE active monsoon mesoscale convective event." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D11): D11208 [10.1029/2011JD016447]

    van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, P. Yang, and B. A. Baum. 2012. "Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements. Part I: Methodology and evaluation with simulated measurements." Atmos Meas Tech 5 (10): 2361-2374 [10.5194/amt-5-2361-2012]

    Smith Mrowiec, A. A., C. Rio, A. M. Fridlind, et al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Del Genio, O. M. Pauluis, A. C. Varble, and J. Fan. 2012. "Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions." J Geophys Res 117 (D19): D19201 [10.1029/2012JD017759]

    Fridlind, A. M., B. van Diedenhoven, A. S. Ackerman, et al. A. Avramov, A. Mrowiec, H. Morrison, P. Zuidema, and M. D. Shupe. 2012. "A FIRE-ACE/SHEBA Case Study of Mixed-Phase Arctic Boundary Layer Clouds: Entrainment Rate Limitations on Rapid Primary Ice Nucleation Processes." J Atmos Sci 69 (1): 365-389 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-052.1]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, J. P. Chaboureau, et al. J. Fan, W. W. Grabowski, A. Hill, T. R. Jones, M. M. Khaiyer, G. Liu, P. Minnis, H. Morrison, L. Nguyen, S. Park, J. C. Petch, J. P. Pinty, C. Schumacher, B. Shipway, A. C. Varble, X. Wu, S. Xie, and M. Zhang. 2012. "A comparison of TWP-ICE observational data with cloud-resolving model results." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D5): D05204 [10.1029/2011JD016595]

    Hallar, A. G., J. A. Huffman, and A. Fridlind. 2012. "Biological aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation." Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 93 (51): 539-539 [10.1029/2012eo510011]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. "Influence of Humidified Aerosol on Lidar Depolarization Measurements below Ice-Precipitating Arctic Stratus." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 50 (10): 2184-2192 [10.1175/JAMC-D-11-037.1]

    Varble, A., A. Fridlind, E. Zipser, et al. A. Ackerman, J. Chaboureau, J. Fan, A. Hill, S. McFarlane, J. Pinty, and B. Shipway. 2011. "Evaluation of cloud-resolving model intercomparison simulations using TWP-ICE observations: Precipitation and cloud structure." J Geophys Res 116 (D12): D12206 [10.1029/2010JD015180]

    Morrison, H., P. Zuidema, A. S. Ackerman, et al. A. Avramov, G. de Boer, J. Fan, A. M. Fridlind, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, Y. Luo, M. Ovchinnikov, and B. Shipway. 2011. "Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during SHEBA/FIRE-ACE." J Adv Model Earth Syst 3 (2): M06003 [10.1029/2011MS000066]

    Fridlind, A. M., and A. S. Ackerman. 2011. "Estimating the Sensitivity of Radiative Impacts of Shallow, Broken Marine Clouds to Boundary Layer Aerosol Size Distribution Parameter Uncertainties for Evaluation of Satellite Retrieval Requirements." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 28 (4): 530-538 [10.1175/2010JTECHA1520.1]

    Botta, G., K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, et al. A. E. Avramov, A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, G. M. McFarquhar, and M. Wolde. 2011. "Millimeter wave scattering from ice crystals and their aggregates: Comparing cloud model simulations with X- and Ka-band radar measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 116 D00T04 [10.1029/2011JD015909]

    Avramov, A., A. S. Ackerman, A. M. Fridlind, et al. B. Van Diedenhoven, G. Botta, K. Aydin, J. Verlinde, A. V. Korolev, W. Strapp, G. M. McFarquhar, R. Jackson, S. D. Brooks, A. Glen, and M. Wolde. 2011. "Toward ice formation closure in Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds during ISDAC." J. Geophys. Res. 116 D00T08 [10.1029/2011JD015910]

    van Diedenhoven, B., A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, E. W. Eloranta, and G. M. McFarquhar. 2009. "An evaluation of ice formation in large-eddy simulations of supercooled Arctic stratocumulus using ground-based lidar and cloud radar." J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D10): D10203 [10.1029/2008JD011198]

    Klein, S. A., R. B. McCoy, H. Morrison, et al. A. S. Ackerman, A. Avramov, G. de Boer, M. Chen, J. N. Cole, A. D. Del Genio, M. Falk, M. J. Foster, A. M. Fridlind, J. C. Golaz, T. Hashino, J. Y. Harrington, C. Hoose, M. F. Khairoutdinov, V. E. Larson, X. Liu, Y. Luo, G. M. McFarquhar, S. Menon, R. A. Neggers, S. Park, M. R. Poellot, J. M. Schmidt, I. Sednev, B. J. Shipway, M. D. Shupe, D. A. Spangenberg, Y. C. Sud, D. D. Turner, D. E. Veron, K. von Salzen, G. K. Walker, Z. Wang, A. B. Wolf, S. Xie, X. M. Xu, F. Yang, and G. Zhang. 2009. "Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 135 (641): 979-1002 [10.1002/qj.416]

    Sayres, D. S., J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, et al. E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Anderson, G. Heymsfield, L. Li, A. M. Fridlind, and A. S. Ackerman. 2008. "Validation and determination of ice water content-radar reflectivity relationships during CRYSTAL-FACE: Flight requirements for future comparisons." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D5): D05208 [10.1029/2007JD008847]

    Quinn, P. K., T. S. Bates, E. Baum, et al. N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl, and S. G. Warren. 2008. "Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 (6): 1723-1735 [10.5194/acp-8-1723-2008]

    McFarquhar, G. M., G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, et al. G. L. Kok, R. McCoy, T. Tooman, A. Fridlind, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. "Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 1. Observations." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D24): D24201 [10.1029/2007JD008633]

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, G. McFarquhar, et al. G. Zhang, M. R. Poellot, P. J. DeMott, A. J. Prenni, and A. J. Heymsfield. 2007. "Ice properties of single-layer stratocumulus during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment: 2. Model results." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D24): D24202 [10.1029/2007JD008646]

    Barth, M. C., S.-W. Kim, C. Wang, et al. K. E. Pickering, L. E. Ott, G. Stenchikov, M. Leriche, S. Cautenet, J.-P. Pinty, C. Barthe, C. Mari, J. Helsdon, R. Farley, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, V. Spiridonov, and B. Telenta. 2007. "Cloud-scale model intercomparison of chemical constituent transport in deep convection." Atmos Chem Phys 7 4709-4731 [10.5194/acp-7-4709-2007]

    Lopez, J. P., A. M. Fridlind, H. Jost, et al. M. Loewenstein, A. S. Ackerman, T. L. Campos, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, J. B. Smith, J. V. Pittman, A. G. Hallar, L. M. Avallone, S. M. Davis, and R. L. Herman. 2006. "CO signatures in subtropical convective clouds and anvils during CRYSTAL-FACE: An analysis of convective transport and entrainment using observations and a cloud-resolving model." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09305 [10.1029/2005JD006104]

    Heymsfield, A. J., L. M. Miloshevich, C. Schmitt, et al. A. Bansemer, C. Twohy, M. R. Peollot, A. Fridlind, and H. Gerber. 2005. "Homogeneous Ice Nucleation in Subtropical and Tropical Convection and Its Influence on Cirrus Anvil Microphysics." J Atmos Sci 62 (1): 41-64 [10.1175/JAS-3360.1]

    Jensen, E. J., J. B. Smith, L. Pfister, et al. J. V. Pittman, E. M. Weinstock, D. S. Sayres, R. L. Herman, R. F. Troy, K. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, A. M. Fridlind, P. K. Hudson, D. J. Cziczo, A. J. Heymsfield, C. Schmitt, and J. C. Wilson. 2005. "Ice supersaturations exceeding 100% at the cold tropical tropopause: implications for cirrus formation and dehydration." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5 (3): 851-862 [10.5194/acp-5-851-2005]

    Xueref, I., C. Cerbig, A. Fridlind, et al. J. C. Lin, S. C. Wofsy, B. C. Daube, A. S. Ackerman, J. E. Smith, D. Sayres, J. Vellovic, D. G. Baumgardner, D. Wang, E. Weinstock, A. E. Andrews, E. W. Gottlieb, and J. G. Anderson. 2004. "Combining a receptor-oriented framework for tracer distributions with a cloud-resolving model to study transport in deep convective clouds: Application to the NASA CRYSTAL-FACE campaign." Geophys Res Lett 31 (14): L14106 [10.1029/2004GL019811]

    Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2003. "Point and column aerosol radiative closure during ACE 1: Effects of particle shape and size." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D3): 4094 [10.1029/2001JD001553]

    Fridlind, A. M., and M. Z. Jacobson. 2000. "A study of gas-aerosol equilibrium and aerosol pH in the remote marine boundary layer during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE 1)." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D13): 17325-17340 [10.1029/2000JD900209]

    Fridlind, A. M., M. Z. Jacobson, V. Kerminen, et al. R. E. Hillamo, V. Ricard, and J. Jaffrezo. 2000. "Analysis of gas-aerosol partitioning in the Arctic: Comparison of size-resolved equilibrium model results with field data." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D15): 19891-19904 [10.1029/2000JD900257]

    Non-Refereed

    Quaas, J., D. Rosenfeld, A. M. Fridlind, et al. R. Wood, G. Feingold, S. van den Heever, and P. Stier. 2016. "ACPC Initiative to identify signatures of aerosol-cloud interactions in high-resolution modeling and observations." GEWEX News 3 5-7

    Quaas, J., D. Rosenfeld, A. M. Fridlind, and R. Wood. 2015. "Workshop on the Aerosols-Clouds-Precipitation and Climate (ACPC) Initiative." GEWEX News 25 (2): 11-12

    Fridlind, A. M., A. S. Ackerman, J. Petch, et al. P. Field, A. Hill, G. McFarquhar, S. Xie, and M. Zhang. 2010. "ARM/GCSS/SPARC TWP-ICE CRM Intercomparison Study." NASA-TM-2010-215858 [Full Text (Link)]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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