Dr. Andrew A. Lacis

Dr. Andrew A. Lacis

  • (AST, CLIMATE & RADIATION STUDIES)
  • 212.678.5595
  • NASA GISS
  • 2880 Broadway
  • New York , NY 10025
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

     Andrew A. Lacis received his B.A. in Physics in 1963, M.S. in Astronomy in 1964, and Ph.D. in Physics in 1970, all from the University of Iowa. He was selected for the NASA traineeship program, a program established by NASA to encourage graduate students in the pursuit of scientific research and study. While a graduate student, he also did research in astrophysics and astronomy in Japan at the University of Kyoto, and at the University of Tokyo. Following his Ph.D., he was Instructor in Astronomy at the University of Iowa. In 1972, he teamed up with James E. Hansen for post-doctoral research in planetary atmospheres at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) where he worked on the development and implementation of radiative parameterizations for use in the early General Circulation Models (GCMs). This line of work resulted in the seminal 1974 paper by Lacis and Hansen on the Parameterization for Absorption of Solar Radiation in the Earth's Atmosphere, which is still being cited, having become one of the most cited papers not only at GISS, but in all of NASA (more than 800 citations according to the Science Citation Index database).

    Lacis joined the NASA-GISS Civil Service Staff in 1976, and continued his work on the radiative model development for climate GCMs, including also the radiative modeling of planetary atmospheric structure as part of his participation in the Pioneer Venus and Galileo Jupiter space missions. His analysis of the Soviet Venera 8 probe measurements gave new insights on the nature of the cloud structure of Venus. In collaboration with Barbara E. Carlson, he developed a detailed (line-by-line with multiple scattering) radiative model of the Jovian atmosphere to analyze Voyager IRIS measurements. Cloud property and vertical profile retrievals from the IRIS spectra confirmed the postulated three-layer cloud Jovian structure consisting of ammonia, ammonium hydrosulfide, and liquid water clouds. The analysis also found strong correlation between the Jovian ortho-para hydrogen profile and ammonia cloud distribution suggesting paramagnetic conversion on ammonia cloud particles as the dominant ortho-para equilibration mechanism in the Jovian cloud-top region. These belt-zone ortho-para differences provide important constraints on the time scales and latitudinal dependence of vertical mixing in the Jovian atmosphere.

    Lacis is perhaps best known in the international scientific community as the architect of the radiative transfer models that form the backbone of the GISS Climate Modeling Program. His radiative transfer techniques and parameterizations on the correlated k-distribution approach are described in the seminal 1991 paper by Lacis and Oinas (more than 250 citations), and are widely used throughout the research community. The correlated k-distribution approach retains the basic accuracy of line-by-line modeling of multiple scattering, thermal emission, and overlapping gaseous absorption in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres, but at a small fraction of the line-by-line computing cost, hence the obvious application to climate GCMs. The GISS GCM radiation code is also used as a radiative modeling tool, and has been incorporated into the ISCCP cloud retrieval data stream to enable direct comparison to broadband ERBE radiative flux measurements, thus enabling a satellite-measurement/radiation-model closure study of global top-of-the-atmosphere shortwave and longwave radiative flux distributions.

    The GISS climate model is widely recognized as one of the best state-of-the-art GCMs. The radiative transfer code developed by Lacis is the key component that enables the GISS GCM to: (1) provide accurate representation of atmospheric radiative constituents, including the effects of multiple scattering by clouds and aerosols, overlapping absorption by atmospheric gases, and solar zenith angle and wavelength dependent surface properties; (2) maintain self-consistent treatment of solar and thermal energy balance, including the spectral dependence of cloud, aerosol, and surface properties; (3) permit realistic interactions between atmospheric dynamics and radiative constituents, including changes in size and refractive index of hygroscopic aerosols in response to changes in relative humidity; (4) incorporate flexibility to accommodate different vertical and horizontal model resolutions, and the ability to model transient changes in cloud, aerosol, and/or trace gas amount or distribution; (5) include model diagnostics which permit direct evaluation of GCM performance via model generated spectral radiances and fluxes versus satellite and ground-based observations to help identify points for further model development and improved parameterization.

    Lacis also developed analytic techniques to separate, analyze, and quantify the relative strengths of the different feedback contributions due to clouds, water vapor, lapse rate, and surface albedo changes in climate modeling experiments. Since most of the climate related interactions between atmospheric constituents are radiative in nature, accurate attribution of radiative contributions is important toward understanding climate, climate change, and the prospects for controlling climate change.

    Lacis has published over 150 peer-reviewed papers related to the analysis and treatment of radiative modeling issues in climate, remote sensing, and planetary atmospheric structure. He also is co-author of two state-of-the-art reference books by Mishchenko, Travis, and Lacis on radiative transfer theory and scattering, absorption, and emission of light by small particles. Lacis also teaches graduate level radiative transfer and climate process courses at Columbia University, and advises students in their graduate research programs. Lacis has a Google Scholar h-index of 68 with nearly 24,000 citation.

    Lacis’ recent research activities include: (1) a NASA sponsored validation effort of the GISS GCM aerosol climatology against available satellite and ground-based data; (2) a DOE sponsored effort to retrieve aerosol optical depth, size, and single scattering information from remote sensing measurements; (3) a collaborative effort to develop a GCM radiative transfer code applicable for climate simulations of the Martian atmosphere; (4) a public information effort to analyze the radiative effects and collateral impacts of proposed geoengineering countermeasures to global warming; and (5) a NASA sponsored effort to define and refine the scientific objectives of a proposed CLARREO mission to establish a comprehensive Keeling-style long-term climate data record of satellite measured shortwave and longwave spectral radiances, which would also serve as a standard reference for comprehensive validation of global climate model performance.

    Andrew A. Lacis was elected AGU Fellow for fundamental contributions in applied radiative transfer and remote sensing analysis that have greatly improved our basic understanding and ability to forecast climate change.

    Research Interests

    SW and LW Radiative Transfer Modeling of Earth and Planetary Atmospheres

     Radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres. Absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere. Emission and absorption of thermal radiation in inhomogeneous multiple scattering atmospheres. Single and multiple scattering theory. Multi-spectral retrieval and interpretation of remote sensing measurements. Radiative-convective equilibrium and energy balance in planetary atmospheres. Climate modeling. Climate sensitivity and feedback analysis. Information content in polarimetric vs. intensity-only measurements.

    Current Projects

    Global Climate Modeling

    SW and LW radiative heating and cooling of the Earth's atmosphere
    SW and LW global energy balance of Earth
    Global climate change and global warming

    Planetary Atmospheres

    Titan atmospheric structure
    Early-Earth atmospheric structure
    Venus atmospheric structure
    Mars atmospheric structure

    Positions/Employment

    1976 - Present

    Physical Scientist

    NASA-Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway New York, NY 10025 Civil Service - Senior Research Staff - Physical Scientist - Atmospheric Physics - Radiative Transfer
    1974 - 1976

    Senior Research Scientist

    Programming Methods Inc. , 2880 Broadway New York, NY 10225  Radiative Transfer Programmer/Researcher
    1972 - 1974

    Senior Research Scientist

    Computer Sciences Corp., 2880 Broadway New York, NY 10025  Radiative Transfer Programmer/Researcher
    1971 - 1972

    Instructor

    University of Iowa, University of Iowa Iowa City, IA  

    Teaching Experience

     1980 – 2010 Lecturer, Columbia University
    (Atmospheric Radiation)

    1980 – 2010 Lecturer, Columbia University
    (Radiative Processes of Climate)

    1970 – 1971 Instructor, University of Iowa
    (Astronomy)

    Professional Societies

    American Geophysical Union (AGU) , 1984 - Present
    AGU Fellow: since 2011

    Education

    Ph.D. (Physics), University of Iowa, 1970
    MS (Astronomy), University of Iowa, 1964
    BA (Physics), University of Iowa, 1963

    Professional Service

    MAP Project review panel  2008
    ACCESS Project review panel 2007

    Other Professional Information

    1974–1996 Co-Investigator, Pioneer Venus, Orbiter Cloud-Photopolarimeter Experiment
    1977–2003 Co-Investigator, Galileo Jupiter, Photopolarimeter/Radiometer Experiment
    1990–2000 Co-Investigator, Earth Observing Scanning Polarimeter

    Awards

    2014 GISS Best Scientific Publication (peer vote)
    2011 Fellow, American Geophysical Union
    2010 GISS Best Scientific Publication (peer vote)
    1999 GISS Peer Award
    1996 NASA Quality Increase
    1995 GISS Peer Award

    Grants

    10/01/1990 - 09/30/2008 GCM Radiative Forcing and Feedback Analysis Project Department of Energy, Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program , DOE
     GCM Radiative Forcing and Feedback Analysis Project Department of Energy, Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program ; PI
    10/01/1993 - 09/30/1996 SAGE Data Utilization in Global Climate Modeling Studies, NASA
     SAGE Data Utilization in Global Climate Modeling Studies ; PI
    10/01/1997 - 09/30/2000 SCARAB, ERBE, ISCCP Radiation Budget Project, NASA
     SCARAB, ERBE, ISCCP Radiation Budget Project ; PI
    10/01/2003 - 09/30/2010 Aerosol Climatology Characterization for GCM Applications Earth System Science Research , NASA
     Aerosol Climatology Characterization for GCM Applications Earth System Science Research
    ; PI
    10/01/2008 - 09/30/2010 CLARREO Mission GCM CLARREO LW, SW Simulators, NASA
     CLARREO Mission GCM CLARREO LW, SW Simulators ; PI
    12/01/2012 - 09/30/2013 GISS Climate Web-based Applications for Public Outreach and Education, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
     GISS Climate Web-based Applications for Public Outreach and Education ; PI

    Special Experience

    Developed PGPLOT enhanced ploting capability options
    Dveloped TTUTOR radiative equilibrium energy balance/greenhouse effect simulator

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the inter-comparison of aerosol data, Part 4: Synthesized analysis of multisensor satellite and ground-based AOD measurements using combined maximum covariance analysis." Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7: 2531-2549 [10.5194/amt-7-2531-2014]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. N. L. Tausnev, S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, D. T. Shindell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. Legrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Perez Garcia Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6 (2): 441-477 [10.1002/2013MS000266]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: Part III. Using combined PCA to compare spatiotemporal variability of MODIS, MISR, and OMI aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (7): 4017-4042 [10.1002/2013JD020538]

    Schmidt, G. A., M. Kelley, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, M. K. Bhat, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, R. de Fainchtein, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, E. E. Matthews, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, V. Oinas, A. O. Oloso, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, W. M. Putman, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, R. A. Syed, N. L. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6 (1): 141-184 [10.1002/2013MS000265]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Revisiting AVHRR tropospheric aerosol trends using principal component analysis." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (6): 3309-3320 [10.1002/2013JD020789]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data. Part II: Using maximum covariance analysis to effectively compare spatiotemporal variability of satellite and AERONET measured aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (1): 153-166 [10.1002/2013JD020537]

    Gianelli, S. M., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and S. Hameed. 2013. "Evidence of a weakly absorbing intermediate mode of aerosols in AERONET data from Saharan and Sahelian sites." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (22): 12,661-12,672 [10.1002/2013JD020342]

    Lacis, A. A., J. E. Hansen, G. L. Russell, V. Oinas, and J. Jonas. 2013. "The role of long-lived greenhouse gases as principal LW control knob that governs the global surface temperature for past and future climate change." Tellus B, 65: 19734 [10.3402/tellusb.v65i0.19734]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2013. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: 1. An EOF approach to analyze the spatial-temporal variability of aerosol optical depth using multiple remote sensing data sets." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (15): 8640-8648 [10.1002/jgrd.50686]

    Russell, G. L., A. A. Lacis, D. H. Rind, C. Colose, and R. F. Opstbaum. 2013. "Fast atmosphere-ocean model runs with large changes in CO2." Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (21): 5787-5792 [10.1002/2013GL056755]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2011. "El Niño–Southern Oscillation correlated aerosol Ångström exponent anomaly over the tropical Pacific discovered in satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 116 (D20): D20204 [10.1029/2011JD015733]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, R. L. Miller, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Attribution of the present-day total greenhouse effect." J Geophys Res, 115 (D20): D20106 [10.1029/2010JD014287]

    Lacis, A. A., G. A. Schmidt, D. Rind, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Atmospheric CO₂: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth's Temperature." Science, 330 (6002): 356-359 [10.1126/science.1190653]

    Li, J., L. Liu, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2010. "An optimal fitting approach to improve the GISS ModelE aerosol optical property parameterization using AERONET data." J Geophys Res, 115 (D16): D16211 [10.1029/2010JD013909]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, L. D. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3 MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 111 (4): 540-552 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.11.003]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, et al. A. A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis. 2009. "Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?" J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 110 (6-7): 402-408 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.01.007]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. Schmid, D. D. Turner, et al. B. Cairns, V. Oinas, A. A. Lacis, S. I. Gutman, E. R. Westwater, A. Smirnov, and J. Eilers. 2009. "Columnar water vapor retrievals from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer data." J. Geophys. Res., 114 (D2): D02306 [10.1029/2008JD010543]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2009. "A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Ozone Monitoring Instrument Aerosol Index data." J. Geophys. Res., 114 (D9): D09213 [10.1029/2008JD011278]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2008. "Characterization of atmospheric aerosols using MFRSR measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D8): D08204 [10.1029/2007JD009388]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Long-Term Satellite Record Reveals Likely Recent Aerosol Trend." Science, 315 (5818): 1543-1543 [10.1126/science.1136709]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7 (9): 2287-2312 [10.5194/acp-7-2287-2007]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE." Clim Dyn, 29 (7-8): 661-696 [10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8]

    Bauer, S. E., M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, S. Zhang, and S. M. Metzger. 2007. "Do sulfate and nitrate coatings on mineral dust have important effects on radiative properties and climate modeling?" J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D6): D06307 [10.1029/2005JD006977]

    Alexandrov, M. D., P. Kiedron, J. J. Michalsky, et al. G. Hodges, C. J. Flynn, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Optical depth measurements by shadow-band radiometers and their uncertainties." Applied Optics, 46 (33): 8027 [10.1364/AO.46.008027]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, et al. B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 106 (1-3): 325-347 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.01.007]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Using EOF analysis to qualitatively analyze, and identify inhomogeneities in, data from ground-based aerosol monitoring instruments." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D20): D20210 [10.1029/2006JD008300]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, J. E. Hansen, et al. I. Aleinov, N. Bell, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, A. D. Friend, T. M. Hall, Y. Hu, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, P. H. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, and M.-S. Yao. 2006. "Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data." J. Climate, 19 (2): 153-192 [10.1175/JCLI3612.1]

    Shindell, D. T., G. S. Faluvegi, A. A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, R. A. Ruedy, and E. Aguilar. 2006. "Role of tropospheric ozone increases in 20th-century climate change." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D8): D08302 [10.1029/2005JD006348]

    Liu, L., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, et al. I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 2006. "Assessing Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE aerosol climatology using satellite and ground-based measurements: A comparison study." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D20): D20212 [10.1029/2006JD007334]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. L. S. Nazarenko, A. A. Lacis, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, N. Bell, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. Jackman, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, B. Wielicki, T. Wong, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2005. "Efficacy of climate forcings." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D18): D18104 [10.1029/2005JD005776]

    Hansen, J., L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, et al. I. Sato, J. Willis, A. Del Genio, D. Koch, A. Lacis, K. Lo, S. Menon, T. Novakov, U. Perlwitz, G. Russell, G. A. Schmidt, and N. Tausnev. 2005. "Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications." Science, 308 (5727): 1431-1435 [10.1126/science.1110252]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, and B. Cairns. 2005. "Separation of fine and coarse aerosol modes in MFRSR data sets." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D13): D13204 [10.1029/2004JD005226]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2005. "Aerosol retrievals using rotating shadowband spectroradiometer data." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D5): D05203 [10.1029/2004JD005329]

    Zhang, Y., W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko. 2004. "Calculation of radiative fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: Refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data." J Geophys Res, 109 (D19): D19105 [10.1029/2003JD004457]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2004. "Scattering and radiative properties of semi-external versus external mixtures of different aerosol types." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 88 (1-3): 139-147 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2003.12.032]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett, 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci, 61: 1024-1039.

    Sato, I., J. Hansen, D. Koch, et al. A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, M. Chin, and T. Novakov. 2003. "Global atmospheric black carbon inferred from AERONET." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100 (11): 6319-6324 [10.1073/pnas.0731897100]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, et al. J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz. 2003. "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 79-80: 953-972 [10.1016/S0022-4073(02)00331-X]

    Mishchenko, M. I., and A. A. Lacis. 2003. "Morphology-dependent resonances of nearly spherical particles in random orientation." Applied Optics, 42 (27): 5551 [10.1364/AO.42.005551]

    Cairns, B., B. E. Carlson, R. Ying, A. A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2003. "Atmospheric correction and its application to an analysis of Hyperion data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens, 41 (6): 1232-1245 [10.1109/TGRS.2003.813134]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

    Geogdzhayev, I. V., M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data." J Atmos Sci, 59: 262-278.

    Liu, L., M. I. Mishchenko, S. Menon, A. Macke, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "The effect of black carbon on scattering and absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 74 (2): 195-204 [10.1016/S0022-4073(01)00232-1]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy. 2002. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D18): 4347 [10.1029/2001JD001143]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part I: Retrieval algorithms." J Atmos Sci, 59: 524-543.

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part II: Climatological applications." J Atmos Sci, 59: 544-566.

    Oinas, V., A. A. Lacis, D. Rind, D. T. Shindell, and J. E. Hansen. 2001. "Radiative cooling by stratospheric water vapor: Big differences in GCM results." Geophys Res Lett, 28 (14): 2791-2794 [10.1029/2001GL013137]

    Tegen, I., D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, and I. Sato. 2000. "Trends in tropospheric aerosol loads and corresponding impact on direct radiative forcing between 1950 and 1990: A model study." J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D22): 26971-26989 [10.1029/2000JD900280]

    Mishchenko, M. I., and A. A. Lacis. 2000. "Manifestations of morphology-dependent resonances in Mie scattering matrices." Appl Math Comput, 116 (1-2): 167-179 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00202-7]

    Lacis, A. A., B. E. Carlson, and J. E. Hansen. 2000. "Retrieval of atmospheric NO2, O3, aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance information from SAGE II multi-spectral extinction measurements." Appl Math Comput, 116 (1-2): 133-151 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00200-3]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2000. "Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97 (18): 9875-9880 [10.1073/pnas.170278997]

    Alexandrov, M. D., and A. A. Lacis. 2000. "A new three-parameter cloud/aerosol particle size distribution based on the generalized inverse Gaussian density function." Appl Math Comput, 116 (1-2): 153-165 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00201-5]

    Cairns, B., A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2000. "Absorption within inhomogeneous clouds and its parameterization in general circulation models." J Atmos Sci, 57 (5): 700-714 [10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0700:AWICAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1999. "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results." Applied Optics, 38 (36): 7325-7341 [10.1364/AO.38.007325]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and J. Glascoe. 1998. "GLOBAL WARMING:Global Climate Data and Models: A Reconciliation." Science, 281 (5379): 930-932 [10.1126/science.281.5379.930]

    Lacis, A. A., J. Chowdhary, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 1998. "Modeling errors in diffuse-sky radiation: Vector vs scalar treatment." Geophysical Research Letters, 25 (2): 135-138 [10.1029/97GL03613]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, et al. R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews. 1998. "Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era." Proc Natl Acad Sci, 95: 12753-12758.

    Boucher, O., S. E. Schwartz, T. P. Ackerman, et al. T. L. Anderson, B. Bergstrom, B. Bonnel, P. Chylek, A. Dahlback, Y. Fouquart, Q. Fu, R. N. Halthore, J. M. Haywood, T. Iversen, S. Kato, S. Kinne, A. Kirkevag, K. R. Knapp, A. Lacis, I. Laszlo, M. I. Mishchenko, S. Nemesure, V. Ramaswamy, D. L. Roberts, P. Russell, M. E. Schlesinger, G. L. Stephens, R. Wagener, M. Wang, J. Wong, and F. Yang. 1998. "Intercomparison of models representing direct shortwave radiative forcing by sulfate aerosols." J Geophys Res, 103 (D14): 16979-16998 [10.1029/98JD00997]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, et al. G. Russell, M. Sato, J. Lerner, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1997. "Wonderland climate model." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D6): 6823-6830 [10.1029/96JD03435]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "The missing climate forcing." Phil Trans Royal Soc London B, 352: 231-240.

    Tegen, I., and A. A. Lacis. 1996. "Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol." J. Geophys. Res., 101 (D14): 19237-19244 [10.1029/95JD03610]

    Tegen, I., A. A. Lacis, and I. Fung. 1996. "The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils." Nature, 380 (6573): 419-422 [10.1038/380419a0]

    Overpeck, J., D. Rind, A. Lacis, and R. Healy. 1996. "Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period." Nature, 384 (6608): 447-449 [10.1038/384447a0]

    Mishchenko, M. I., W. B. Rossow, A. Macke, and A. A. Lacis. 1996. "Sensitivity of cirrus cloud albedo, bidirectional reflectance and optical thickness retrieval accuracy to ice particle shape." J. Geophys. Res., 101 (D12): 16973-16985 [10.1029/96JD01155]

    Zhang, Y., W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1995. "Calculation of surface and top of atmosphere radiative fluxes from physical quantities based on ISCCP data sets: 1. Method and sensitivity to input data uncertainties." J. Geophys. Res., 100 (D1): 1149-1165 [10.1029/94JD02747]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 1995. "Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: Implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling." Geophysical Research Letters, 22 (9): 1077-1080 [10.1029/95GL00798]

    Hansen, J., W. Rossow, B. Carlson, et al. A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and I. Sato. 1995. "Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks." Climatic Change, 31 (2-4): 247-271 [10.1007/BF01095149]

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, E. Keup, A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, J. F. Mahfouf, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1994. "Analysis of snow feedbacks in 14 general circulation models." J Geophys Res, 99 (D10): 20,757-20,771 [10.1029/94JD01633]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 1994. "Errors induced by the neglect of polarization in radiance calculations for rayleigh-scattering atmospheres." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 51 (3): 491-510 [10.1016/0022-4073(94)90149-X]

    Han, Q., W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1994. "Near-global survey of effective droplet radii in liquid water clouds using ISCCP data." J Climate, 7: 465-497.

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1994. "Belt-zone variations in the Jovian cloud structure." J. Geophys. Res., 99 (E7): 14623-14658 [10.1029/94JE01222]

    Tselioudis, G., A. A. Lacis, D. Rind, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Potential effects of cloud optical thickness on climate warming." Nature, 366 (6456): 670-672 [10.1038/366670a0]

    Rind, D., and A. Lacis. 1993. "The role of the stratosphere in climate change." Surv Geophys, 14: 133-165.

    Pollack, J. B., D. Rind, A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1993. "GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. Part I: Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations." J Climate, 6: 1719-1742.

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and H. Wilson. 1993. "How sensitive is the world's climate?" Natl Geog Soc Res Exploration, 9: 142-158.

    Cess, R. D., M. H. Zhang, G. L. Potter, et al. H. W. Barker, R. A. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, M. Esch, J. R. Fraser, V. Galin, W. L. Gates, J. J. Hack, W. J. Ingram, J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z. X. Li, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, D. A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, A. P. Sokolov, P. V. Sporyshev, K. E. Taylor, W. C. Wang, and R. T. Wetherald. 1993. "Uncertainties in Carbon Dioxide Radiative Forcing in Atmospheric General Circulation Models." Science, 262 (5137): 1252-1255 [10.1126/science.262.5137.1252]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Tropospheric gas composition and cloud structure of the Jovian north equatorial belt." J Geophys Res, 98 (E3): 5251-5290 [10.1029/92JE02737]

    Russell, E. E., F. G. Brown, R. A. Chandos, et al. W. C. Fincher, L. F. Kubel, A. A. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 1992. "Galileo Photopolarimeter/Radiometer experiment." Space Sci Rev, 60 (1-4): 531-563 [10.1007/BF00216867]

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. G. J. Boer, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, M. Deque, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, S. J. Ghan, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z. X. Li, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherlad, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1992. "Intercomparison and interpretation of surface energy fluxes in atmospheric general circulation models." J Geophys Res, 97 (D4): 3711-3724 [10.1029/91JD03120]

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, and M. Sato. 1992. "Potential climate impact of Mount Pinatubo eruption." Geophys Res Lett, 19 (2): 215-218 [10.1029/91GL02788]

    Lacis, A., J. Hansen, and M. Sato. 1992. "Climate forcing by stratospheric aerosols." Geophys Res Lett, 19 (15): 1607-1610 [10.1029/92GL01620]

    Lacis, A. A., and B. E. Carlson. 1992. "Keeping the Sun in proportion." Nature, 360 (6402): 297-297 [10.1038/360297a0]

    Carlson, B. E., Q. Ma, and A. A. Lacis. 1992. "On the inclusion of the hydrogen dimer in the analysis of Voyager IRIS spectra." ApJL, 394: L29-L32 [10.1086/186465]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "Ortho-para-hydrogen equilibration on Jupiter." ApJL, 393: 357-372 [10.1086/171510]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "The abundance and distribution of water vapor in the Jovian troposphere as inferred from Voyager IRIS observations." ApJL, 388: 648-668 [10.1086/171182]

    Hansen, J. E., and A. Lacis. 1991. "Sun and water in the greenhouse." Nature, 349 (6309): 467-467 [10.1038/349467c0]

    Lacis, A. A., and V. Oinas. 1991. "A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres." J. Geophys. Res., 96 (D5): 9027 [10.1029/90JD01945]

    Del Genio, A. D., A. A. Lacis, and R. A. Ruedy. 1991. "Simulations of the effect of a warmer climate on atmospheric humidity." Nature, 351 (6325): 382-385 [10.1038/351382a0]

    Fels, S. B., J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, and M. D. Schwarzkopf. 1991. "Infrared cooling rate calculations in operational general circulation models: Comparisons with benchmark computations." J Geophys Res, 96 (D5): 9105-9120 [10.1029/91JD00516]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, M. H. Zhang, et al. J. P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, D. Jerrett, E. Keup, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. M. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai. 1991. "Interpretation of Snow-Climate Feedback as Produced by 17 General Circulation Models." Science, 253 (5022): 888-892 [10.1126/science.253.5022.888]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, J. P. Blanchet, et al. G. J. Boer, A. D. Del Genio, M. Deque, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, W. L. Gates, S. J. Ghan, J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M.-H. Zhang. 1990. "Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes in 19 atmospheric general circulation models." J. Geophys. Res., 95 (D10): 16601-16615 [10.1029/JD095iD10p16601]

    Lacis, A. A., D. J. Wuebbles, and J. A. Logan. 1990. "Radiative forcing of climate by changes in the vertical distribution of ozone." J. Geophys. Res., 95 (D7): 9971-9981 [10.1029/JD095iD07p09971]

    Rossow, W. B., and A. A. Lacis. 1990. "Global, seasonal cloud variations from satellite radiance measurements. Part II: Cloud properties and radiative effects." J. Climate, 3: 1204-1213>.

    Hansen, J. E., and A. A. Lacis. 1990. "Sun and dust versus greenhouse gases: an assessment of their relative roles in global climate change." Nature, 346 (6286): 713-719 [10.1038/346713a0]

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, and M. Prather. 1989. "Greenhouse effect of chlorofluorocarbons and other trace gases." J. Geophys. Res., 94 (D13): 16417-16421 [10.1029/JD094iD13p16417]

    Rossow, W. B., L. C. Garder, and A. A. Lacis. 1989. "Global, seasonal cloud variations from satellite radiance measurements. Part I: Sensitivity of analysis." J. Climate, 2: 419-458>.

    Hansen, J., I. Fung, A. Lacis, et al. D. Rind, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, and P. Stone. 1988. "Global climate changes as forecast by Goddard Institute for Space Studies three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res., 93 (D8): 9341-9364 [10.1029/JD093iD08p09341]

    Rind, D., R. Suozzo, N. K. Balachandran, A. Lacis, and G. Russell. 1988. "The GISS Global Climate-Middle Atmosphere Model. Part I: Model structure and climatology." J. Atmos. Sci., 45: 329-370.

    Ramanathan, V., L. Callis, R. Cess, et al. J. Hansen, I. Isaksen, W. Kuhn, A. Lacis, F. Luther, J. Mahlman, R. Reck, and M. Schlesinger. 1987. "Climate-chemical interactions and effects of changing atmospheric trace gases." Rev. Geophys., 25 (7): 1441-1482 [10.1029/RG025i007p01441]

    Hansen, J., G. Russell, A. Lacis, et al. I. Fung, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1985. "Climate Response Times: Dependence on Climate Sensitivity and Ocean Mixing." Science, 229 (4716): 857-859 [10.1126/science.229.4716.857]

    Fung, I. Y., D. E. Harrison, and A. A. Lacis. 1984. "On the variability of the net longwave radiation at the ocean surface." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 22: 177-193.

    Hansen, J., D. Johnson, A. A. Lacis, et al. S. Lebedeff, P. Lee, D. Rind, and G. L. Russell. 1983. "Climatic Effects of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Science, 220 (4599): 874-875 [10.1126/science.220.4599.874-a]

    Hansen, J., G. L. Russell, D. H. Rind, et al. P. Stone, A. A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. A. Ruedy, and L. D. Travis. 1983. "Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II." M. Weather Rev., 111 (4): 609-662 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0609:ETDGMF>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A., J. Hansen, P. Lee, T. Mitchell, and S. Lebedeff. 1981. "Greenhouse effect of trace gases, 1970-1980." Geophys. Res. Lett., 8 (10): 1035-1038 [10.1029/GL008i010p01035]

    Hansen, J., D. Johnson, A. A. Lacis, et al. S. Lebedeff, P. Lee, D. Rind, and G. L. Russell. 1981. "Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Science, 213 (4511): 957-966 [10.1126/science.213.4511.957]

    Hansen, J. E., A. A. Lacis, P. Lee, and W.-C. Wang. 1980. "Climatic effects of atmospheric aerosols." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 338: 575-587 [10.1111/j.1749-6632.1980.tb17151.x]

    Travis, L. D., D. L. Coffeen, J. E. Hansen, et al. K. Kawabata, A. A. Lacis, W. A. Lane, S. S. Limaye, and P. H. Stone. 1979. "Orbiter Cloud Photopolarimeter Investigation." Science, 203 (4382): 781-785 [10.1126/science.203.4382.781]

    Travis, L. D., D. L. Coffeen, A. D. Del Genio, et al. J. E. Hansen, K. Kawabata, A. A. Lacis, W. A. Lane, S. S. Limaye, W. B. Rossow, and P. H. Stone. 1979. "Cloud Images from the Pioneer Venus Orbiter." Science, 205 (4401): 74-76 [10.1126/science.205.4401.74]

    Hansen, J. E., W.-C. Wang, and A. A. Lacis. 1978. "Mount Agung Eruption Provides Test of a Global Climatic Perturbation." Science, 199 (4333): 1065-1068 [10.1126/science.199.4333.1065]

    Tomasko, M. G., R. Boesse, A. P. Ingersoll, et al. A. A. Lacis, S. S. Limaye, J. B. Pollack, A. Seiff, A. I. Stewart, V. E. Suomi, and F. W. Taylor. 1977. "The thermal balance of the atmosphere of venus (Chapter 8)." Space Sci. Rev., 20 (4): 389-412 [10.1007/BF02186460]

    Somerville, R. C., W. J. Quirk, J. E. Hansen, A. A. Lacis, and P. H. Stone. 1976. "A search for short-term meteorological effects of solar variability in an atmospheric circulation model." J. Geophys. Res., 81 (9): 1572-1576 [10.1029/JC081i009p01572]

    Wang, W.-C., Y. L. Yung, A. A. Lacis, T. Mo, and J. E. Hansen. 1976. "Greenhouse Effects due to Man-Mad Perturbations of Trace Gases." Science, 194 (4266): 685-690 [10.1126/science.194.4266.685]

    Yung, Y. L., W. C. Wang, and A. A. Lacis. 1976. "Greenhouse effect due to atmospheric nitrous oxide." Geophys. Res. Lett., 3 (10): 619-621 [10.1029/GL003i010p00619]

    Lacis, A. A. 1975. "Cloud structure and heating rates in the atmosphere of Venus." J. Atmos. Sci., 21 (6): 1107-1124 [10.1175/1520-0469(1975)032<1107:CSAHRI>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A. A., and J. E. Hansen. 1974. "Atmosphere of Venus: Implications of Venera 8 Sunlight Measurements." Science, 184 (4140): 979-982 [10.1126/science.184.4140.979]

    Somerville, R. C., P. H. Stone, M. Halem, et al. J. E. Hansen, J. S. Hogan, L. M. Druyan, G. Russell, A. A. Lacis, W. J. Quirk, and J. Tenenbaum. 1974. "The GISS model of the global atmosphere." J. Atmos. Sci., 31: 84-117.

    Lacis, A. A., and J. E. Hansen. 1974. "A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere." J. Atmos. Sci., 31 (1): 118-133 [10.1175/1520-0469(1974)031<0118:APFTAO>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A. A., and J. D. Fix. 1972. "An Analysis of the Light Curve of Pluto." ApJL, 174: 449-453 [10.1086/151504]

    Lacis, A. A., and S. Matsushima. 1966. "Method of Correction for Instrumental Astigmatism to Determine the Center-to-Limb Variation of the Solar Ultraviolet Continuum." J. Opt. Soc. Amer., 56 (9): 1239-1243 [10.1364/JOSA.56.001239]

    Non-Refereed

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2006. "Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles: Radiative Transfer and Coherent Backscattering." Cambridge University Press.

    Selected Public Outreach

    AGU BrightStars Mentoring 2013 - Present
     Mentoring high school students at AGU Fall Meeting
    GEEBITT the Global Equilibrium Energy Balance Interactive Tinker Toy 7 / 2001 - 8 / 2001
     NASA-GISS Summer Program for high school and coolege students - interactive FORTRAN/Spreadsheet base climate model.

    Brief Bio

     Andrew A. Lacis received his B.A. in Physics in 1963, M.S. in Astronomy in 1964, and Ph.D. in Physics in 1970, all from the University of Iowa. He was selected for the NASA traineeship program, a program established by NASA to encourage graduate students in the pursuit of scientific research and study. While a graduate student, he also did research in astrophysics and astronomy in Japan at the University of Kyoto, and at the University of Tokyo. Following his Ph.D., he was Instructor in Astronomy at the University of Iowa. In 1972, he teamed up with James E. Hansen for post-doctoral research in planetary atmospheres at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) where he worked on the development and implementation of radiative parameterizations for use in the early General Circulation Models (GCMs). This line of work resulted in the seminal 1974 paper by Lacis and Hansen on the Parameterization for Absorption of Solar Radiation in the Earth's Atmosphere, which is still being cited, having become one of the most cited papers not only at GISS, but in all of NASA (more than 800 citations according to the Science Citation Index database).

    Lacis joined the NASA-GISS Civil Service Staff in 1976, and continued his work on the radiative model development for climate GCMs, including also the radiative modeling of planetary atmospheric structure as part of his participation in the Pioneer Venus and Galileo Jupiter space missions. His analysis of the Soviet Venera 8 probe measurements gave new insights on the nature of the cloud structure of Venus. In collaboration with Barbara E. Carlson, he developed a detailed (line-by-line with multiple scattering) radiative model of the Jovian atmosphere to analyze Voyager IRIS measurements. Cloud property and vertical profile retrievals from the IRIS spectra confirmed the postulated three-layer cloud Jovian structure consisting of ammonia, ammonium hydrosulfide, and liquid water clouds. The analysis also found strong correlation between the Jovian ortho-para hydrogen profile and ammonia cloud distribution suggesting paramagnetic conversion on ammonia cloud particles as the dominant ortho-para equilibration mechanism in the Jovian cloud-top region. These belt-zone ortho-para differences provide important constraints on the time scales and latitudinal dependence of vertical mixing in the Jovian atmosphere.

    Lacis is perhaps best known in the international scientific community as the architect of the radiative transfer models that form the backbone of the GISS Climate Modeling Program. His radiative transfer techniques and parameterizations on the correlated k-distribution approach are described in the seminal 1991 paper by Lacis and Oinas (more than 250 citations), and are widely used throughout the research community. The correlated k-distribution approach retains the basic accuracy of line-by-line modeling of multiple scattering, thermal emission, and overlapping gaseous absorption in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres, but at a small fraction of the line-by-line computing cost, hence the obvious application to climate GCMs. The GISS GCM radiation code is also used as a radiative modeling tool, and has been incorporated into the ISCCP cloud retrieval data stream to enable direct comparison to broadband ERBE radiative flux measurements, thus enabling a satellite-measurement/radiation-model closure study of global top-of-the-atmosphere shortwave and longwave radiative flux distributions.

    The GISS climate model is widely recognized as one of the best state-of-the-art GCMs. The radiative transfer code developed by Lacis is the key component that enables the GISS GCM to: (1) provide accurate representation of atmospheric radiative constituents, including the effects of multiple scattering by clouds and aerosols, overlapping absorption by atmospheric gases, and solar zenith angle and wavelength dependent surface properties; (2) maintain self-consistent treatment of solar and thermal energy balance, including the spectral dependence of cloud, aerosol, and surface properties; (3) permit realistic interactions between atmospheric dynamics and radiative constituents, including changes in size and refractive index of hygroscopic aerosols in response to changes in relative humidity; (4) incorporate flexibility to accommodate different vertical and horizontal model resolutions, and the ability to model transient changes in cloud, aerosol, and/or trace gas amount or distribution; (5) include model diagnostics which permit direct evaluation of GCM performance via model generated spectral radiances and fluxes versus satellite and ground-based observations to help identify points for further model development and improved parameterization.

    Lacis also developed analytic techniques to separate, analyze, and quantify the relative strengths of the different feedback contributions due to clouds, water vapor, lapse rate, and surface albedo changes in climate modeling experiments. Since most of the climate related interactions between atmospheric constituents are radiative in nature, accurate attribution of radiative contributions is important toward understanding climate, climate change, and the prospects for controlling climate change.

    Lacis has published over 150 peer-reviewed papers related to the analysis and treatment of radiative modeling issues in climate, remote sensing, and planetary atmospheric structure. He also is co-author of two state-of-the-art reference books by Mishchenko, Travis, and Lacis on radiative transfer theory and scattering, absorption, and emission of light by small particles. Lacis also teaches graduate level radiative transfer and climate process courses at Columbia University, and advises students in their graduate research programs. Lacis has a Google Scholar h-index of 68 with nearly 24,000 citation.

    Lacis’ recent research activities include: (1) a NASA sponsored validation effort of the GISS GCM aerosol climatology against available satellite and ground-based data; (2) a DOE sponsored effort to retrieve aerosol optical depth, size, and single scattering information from remote sensing measurements; (3) a collaborative effort to develop a GCM radiative transfer code applicable for climate simulations of the Martian atmosphere; (4) a public information effort to analyze the radiative effects and collateral impacts of proposed geoengineering countermeasures to global warming; and (5) a NASA sponsored effort to define and refine the scientific objectives of a proposed CLARREO mission to establish a comprehensive Keeling-style long-term climate data record of satellite measured shortwave and longwave spectral radiances, which would also serve as a standard reference for comprehensive validation of global climate model performance.

    Andrew A. Lacis was elected AGU Fellow for fundamental contributions in applied radiative transfer and remote sensing analysis that have greatly improved our basic understanding and ability to forecast climate change.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the inter-comparison of aerosol data, Part 4: Synthesized analysis of multisensor satellite and ground-based AOD measurements using combined maximum covariance analysis." Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7 2531-2549 [10.5194/amt-7-2531-2014]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. N. L. Tausnev, S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, D. T. Shindell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. Legrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Perez Garcia Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (2): 441-477 [10.1002/2013MS000266]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: Part III. Using combined PCA to compare spatiotemporal variability of MODIS, MISR, and OMI aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (7): 4017-4042 [10.1002/2013JD020538]

    Schmidt, G. A., M. Kelley, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, M. K. Bhat, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, R. de Fainchtein, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, E. E. Matthews, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, V. Oinas, A. O. Oloso, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, W. M. Putman, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, R. A. Syed, N. L. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (1): 141-184 [10.1002/2013MS000265]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Revisiting AVHRR tropospheric aerosol trends using principal component analysis." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (6): 3309-3320 [10.1002/2013JD020789]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data. Part II: Using maximum covariance analysis to effectively compare spatiotemporal variability of satellite and AERONET measured aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (1): 153-166 [10.1002/2013JD020537]

    Gianelli, S. M., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and S. Hameed. 2013. "Evidence of a weakly absorbing intermediate mode of aerosols in AERONET data from Saharan and Sahelian sites." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (22): 12,661-12,672 [10.1002/2013JD020342]

    Lacis, A. A., J. E. Hansen, G. L. Russell, V. Oinas, and J. Jonas. 2013. "The role of long-lived greenhouse gases as principal LW control knob that governs the global surface temperature for past and future climate change." Tellus B 65 19734 [10.3402/tellusb.v65i0.19734]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2013. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: 1. An EOF approach to analyze the spatial-temporal variability of aerosol optical depth using multiple remote sensing data sets." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (15): 8640-8648 [10.1002/jgrd.50686]

    Russell, G. L., A. A. Lacis, D. H. Rind, C. Colose, and R. F. Opstbaum. 2013. "Fast atmosphere-ocean model runs with large changes in CO2." Geophysical Research Letters 40 (21): 5787-5792 [10.1002/2013GL056755]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2011. "El Niño–Southern Oscillation correlated aerosol Ångström exponent anomaly over the tropical Pacific discovered in satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 116 (D20): D20204 [10.1029/2011JD015733]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, R. L. Miller, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Attribution of the present-day total greenhouse effect." J Geophys Res 115 (D20): D20106 [10.1029/2010JD014287]

    Lacis, A. A., G. A. Schmidt, D. Rind, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Atmospheric CO₂: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth's Temperature." Science 330 (6002): 356-359 [10.1126/science.1190653]

    Li, J., L. Liu, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2010. "An optimal fitting approach to improve the GISS ModelE aerosol optical property parameterization using AERONET data." J Geophys Res 115 (D16): D16211 [10.1029/2010JD013909]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, L. D. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3 MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 111 (4): 540-552 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.11.003]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, et al. A. A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. D. Travis. 2009. "Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?" J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 110 (6-7): 402-408 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.01.007]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. Schmid, D. D. Turner, et al. B. Cairns, V. Oinas, A. A. Lacis, S. I. Gutman, E. R. Westwater, A. Smirnov, and J. Eilers. 2009. "Columnar water vapor retrievals from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer data." J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D2): D02306 [10.1029/2008JD010543]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2009. "A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Ozone Monitoring Instrument Aerosol Index data." J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D9): D09213 [10.1029/2008JD011278]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2008. "Characterization of atmospheric aerosols using MFRSR measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D8): D08204 [10.1029/2007JD009388]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Long-Term Satellite Record Reveals Likely Recent Aerosol Trend." Science 315 (5818): 1543-1543 [10.1126/science.1136709]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7 (9): 2287-2312 [10.5194/acp-7-2287-2007]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE." Clim Dyn 29 (7-8): 661-696 [10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8]

    Bauer, S. E., M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, S. Zhang, and S. M. Metzger. 2007. "Do sulfate and nitrate coatings on mineral dust have important effects on radiative properties and climate modeling?" J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D6): D06307 [10.1029/2005JD006977]

    Alexandrov, M. D., P. Kiedron, J. J. Michalsky, et al. G. Hodges, C. J. Flynn, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Optical depth measurements by shadow-band radiometers and their uncertainties." Applied Optics 46 (33): 8027 [10.1364/AO.46.008027]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, et al. B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 106 (1-3): 325-347 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.01.007]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Using EOF analysis to qualitatively analyze, and identify inhomogeneities in, data from ground-based aerosol monitoring instruments." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D20): D20210 [10.1029/2006JD008300]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, J. E. Hansen, et al. I. Aleinov, N. Bell, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, A. D. Friend, T. M. Hall, Y. Hu, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, P. H. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, and M.-S. Yao. 2006. "Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data." J. Climate 19 (2): 153-192 [10.1175/JCLI3612.1]

    Shindell, D. T., G. S. Faluvegi, A. A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, R. A. Ruedy, and E. Aguilar. 2006. "Role of tropospheric ozone increases in 20th-century climate change." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D8): D08302 [10.1029/2005JD006348]

    Liu, L., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, et al. I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 2006. "Assessing Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE aerosol climatology using satellite and ground-based measurements: A comparison study." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D20): D20212 [10.1029/2006JD007334]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. L. S. Nazarenko, A. A. Lacis, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, N. Bell, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. Jackman, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, B. Wielicki, T. Wong, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2005. "Efficacy of climate forcings." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D18): D18104 [10.1029/2005JD005776]

    Hansen, J., L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, et al. I. Sato, J. Willis, A. Del Genio, D. Koch, A. Lacis, K. Lo, S. Menon, T. Novakov, U. Perlwitz, G. Russell, G. A. Schmidt, and N. Tausnev. 2005. "Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications." Science 308 (5727): 1431-1435 [10.1126/science.1110252]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, and B. Cairns. 2005. "Separation of fine and coarse aerosol modes in MFRSR data sets." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D13): D13204 [10.1029/2004JD005226]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2005. "Aerosol retrievals using rotating shadowband spectroradiometer data." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D5): D05203 [10.1029/2004JD005329]

    Zhang, Y., W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko. 2004. "Calculation of radiative fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: Refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data." J Geophys Res 109 (D19): D19105 [10.1029/2003JD004457]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2004. "Scattering and radiative properties of semi-external versus external mixtures of different aerosol types." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 88 (1-3): 139-147 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2003.12.032]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci 61 1024-1039.

    Sato, I., J. Hansen, D. Koch, et al. A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, M. Chin, and T. Novakov. 2003. "Global atmospheric black carbon inferred from AERONET." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (11): 6319-6324 [10.1073/pnas.0731897100]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, et al. J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz. 2003. "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 79-80 953-972 [10.1016/S0022-4073(02)00331-X]

    Mishchenko, M. I., and A. A. Lacis. 2003. "Morphology-dependent resonances of nearly spherical particles in random orientation." Applied Optics 42 (27): 5551 [10.1364/AO.42.005551]

    Cairns, B., B. E. Carlson, R. Ying, A. A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2003. "Atmospheric correction and its application to an analysis of Hyperion data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 (6): 1232-1245 [10.1109/TGRS.2003.813134]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles."

    Geogdzhayev, I. V., M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data." J Atmos Sci 59 262-278.

    Liu, L., M. I. Mishchenko, S. Menon, A. Macke, and A. A. Lacis. 2002. "The effect of black carbon on scattering and absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 74 (2): 195-204 [10.1016/S0022-4073(01)00232-1]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy. 2002. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. 107 (D18): 4347 [10.1029/2001JD001143]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part I: Retrieval algorithms." J Atmos Sci 59 524-543.

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part II: Climatological applications." J Atmos Sci 59 544-566.

    Oinas, V., A. A. Lacis, D. Rind, D. T. Shindell, and J. E. Hansen. 2001. "Radiative cooling by stratospheric water vapor: Big differences in GCM results." Geophys Res Lett 28 (14): 2791-2794 [10.1029/2001GL013137]

    Tegen, I., D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, and I. Sato. 2000. "Trends in tropospheric aerosol loads and corresponding impact on direct radiative forcing between 1950 and 1990: A model study." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D22): 26971-26989 [10.1029/2000JD900280]

    Mishchenko, M. I., and A. A. Lacis. 2000. "Manifestations of morphology-dependent resonances in Mie scattering matrices." Appl Math Comput 116 (1-2): 167-179 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00202-7]

    Lacis, A. A., B. E. Carlson, and J. E. Hansen. 2000. "Retrieval of atmospheric NO2, O3, aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance information from SAGE II multi-spectral extinction measurements." Appl Math Comput 116 (1-2): 133-151 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00200-3]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2000. "Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (18): 9875-9880 [10.1073/pnas.170278997]

    Alexandrov, M. D., and A. A. Lacis. 2000. "A new three-parameter cloud/aerosol particle size distribution based on the generalized inverse Gaussian density function." Appl Math Comput 116 (1-2): 153-165 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00201-5]

    Cairns, B., A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2000. "Absorption within inhomogeneous clouds and its parameterization in general circulation models." J Atmos Sci 57 (5): 700-714 [10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0700:AWICAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1999. "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results." Applied Optics 38 (36): 7325-7341 [10.1364/AO.38.007325]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and J. Glascoe. 1998. "GLOBAL WARMING:Global Climate Data and Models: A Reconciliation." Science 281 (5379): 930-932 [10.1126/science.281.5379.930]

    Lacis, A. A., J. Chowdhary, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 1998. "Modeling errors in diffuse-sky radiation: Vector vs scalar treatment." Geophysical Research Letters 25 (2): 135-138 [10.1029/97GL03613]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, et al. R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews. 1998. "Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era." Proc Natl Acad Sci 95 12753-12758

    Boucher, O., S. E. Schwartz, T. P. Ackerman, et al. T. L. Anderson, B. Bergstrom, B. Bonnel, P. Chylek, A. Dahlback, Y. Fouquart, Q. Fu, R. N. Halthore, J. M. Haywood, T. Iversen, S. Kato, S. Kinne, A. Kirkevag, K. R. Knapp, A. Lacis, I. Laszlo, M. I. Mishchenko, S. Nemesure, V. Ramaswamy, D. L. Roberts, P. Russell, M. E. Schlesinger, G. L. Stephens, R. Wagener, M. Wang, J. Wong, and F. Yang. 1998. "Intercomparison of models representing direct shortwave radiative forcing by sulfate aerosols." J Geophys Res 103 (D14): 16979-16998 [10.1029/98JD00997]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, et al. G. Russell, M. Sato, J. Lerner, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1997. "Wonderland climate model." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D6): 6823-6830 [10.1029/96JD03435]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "The missing climate forcing." Phil Trans Royal Soc London B 352 231-240

    Tegen, I., and A. A. Lacis. 1996. "Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol." J. Geophys. Res. 101 (D14): 19237-19244 [10.1029/95JD03610]

    Tegen, I., A. A. Lacis, and I. Fung. 1996. "The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils." Nature 380 (6573): 419-422 [10.1038/380419a0]

    Overpeck, J., D. Rind, A. Lacis, and R. Healy. 1996. "Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period." Nature 384 (6608): 447-449 [10.1038/384447a0]

    Mishchenko, M. I., W. B. Rossow, A. Macke, and A. A. Lacis. 1996. "Sensitivity of cirrus cloud albedo, bidirectional reflectance and optical thickness retrieval accuracy to ice particle shape." J. Geophys. Res. 101 (D12): 16973-16985 [10.1029/96JD01155]

    Zhang, Y., W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1995. "Calculation of surface and top of atmosphere radiative fluxes from physical quantities based on ISCCP data sets: 1. Method and sensitivity to input data uncertainties." J. Geophys. Res. 100 (D1): 1149-1165 [10.1029/94JD02747]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 1995. "Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: Implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling." Geophysical Research Letters 22 (9): 1077-1080 [10.1029/95GL00798]

    Hansen, J., W. Rossow, B. Carlson, et al. A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and I. Sato. 1995. "Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks." Climatic Change 31 (2-4): 247-271 [10.1007/BF01095149]

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, E. Keup, A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, J. F. Mahfouf, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1994. "Analysis of snow feedbacks in 14 general circulation models." J Geophys Res 99 (D10): 20,757-20,771 [10.1029/94JD01633]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 1994. "Errors induced by the neglect of polarization in radiance calculations for rayleigh-scattering atmospheres." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 51 (3): 491-510 [10.1016/0022-4073(94)90149-X]

    Han, Q., W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis. 1994. "Near-global survey of effective droplet radii in liquid water clouds using ISCCP data." J Climate 7 465-497

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1994. "Belt-zone variations in the Jovian cloud structure." J. Geophys. Res. 99 (E7): 14623-14658 [10.1029/94JE01222]

    Tselioudis, G., A. A. Lacis, D. Rind, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Potential effects of cloud optical thickness on climate warming." Nature 366 (6456): 670-672 [10.1038/366670a0]

    Rind, D., and A. Lacis. 1993. "The role of the stratosphere in climate change." Surv Geophys 14 133-165

    Pollack, J. B., D. Rind, A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1993. "GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. Part I: Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations." J Climate 6 1719-1742

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and H. Wilson. 1993. "How sensitive is the world's climate?" Natl Geog Soc Res Exploration 9 142-158

    Cess, R. D., M. H. Zhang, G. L. Potter, et al. H. W. Barker, R. A. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, M. Esch, J. R. Fraser, V. Galin, W. L. Gates, J. J. Hack, W. J. Ingram, J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z. X. Li, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, D. A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, A. P. Sokolov, P. V. Sporyshev, K. E. Taylor, W. C. Wang, and R. T. Wetherald. 1993. "Uncertainties in Carbon Dioxide Radiative Forcing in Atmospheric General Circulation Models." Science 262 (5137): 1252-1255 [10.1126/science.262.5137.1252]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Tropospheric gas composition and cloud structure of the Jovian north equatorial belt." J Geophys Res 98 (E3): 5251-5290 [10.1029/92JE02737]

    Russell, E. E., F. G. Brown, R. A. Chandos, et al. W. C. Fincher, L. F. Kubel, A. A. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 1992. "Galileo Photopolarimeter/Radiometer experiment." Space Sci Rev 60 (1-4): 531-563 [10.1007/BF00216867]

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. G. J. Boer, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, M. Deque, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, S. J. Ghan, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z. X. Li, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherlad, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1992. "Intercomparison and interpretation of surface energy fluxes in atmospheric general circulation models." J Geophys Res 97 (D4): 3711-3724 [10.1029/91JD03120]

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, and M. Sato. 1992. "Potential climate impact of Mount Pinatubo eruption." Geophys Res Lett 19 (2): 215-218 [10.1029/91GL02788]

    Lacis, A., J. Hansen, and M. Sato. 1992. "Climate forcing by stratospheric aerosols." Geophys Res Lett 19 (15): 1607-1610 [10.1029/92GL01620]

    Lacis, A. A., and B. E. Carlson. 1992. "Keeping the Sun in proportion." Nature 360 (6402): 297-297 [10.1038/360297a0]

    Carlson, B. E., Q. Ma, and A. A. Lacis. 1992. "On the inclusion of the hydrogen dimer in the analysis of Voyager IRIS spectra." ApJL 394 L29-L32 [10.1086/186465]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "Ortho-para-hydrogen equilibration on Jupiter." ApJL 393 357-372 [10.1086/171510]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "The abundance and distribution of water vapor in the Jovian troposphere as inferred from Voyager IRIS observations." ApJL 388 648-668 [10.1086/171182]

    Hansen, J. E., and A. Lacis. 1991. "Sun and water in the greenhouse." Nature 349 (6309): 467-467 [10.1038/349467c0]

    Lacis, A. A., and V. Oinas. 1991. "A description of the correlated k distribution method for modeling nongray gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres." J. Geophys. Res. 96 (D5): 9027 [10.1029/90JD01945]

    Del Genio, A. D., A. A. Lacis, and R. A. Ruedy. 1991. "Simulations of the effect of a warmer climate on atmospheric humidity." Nature 351 (6325): 382-385 [10.1038/351382a0]

    Fels, S. B., J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, and M. D. Schwarzkopf. 1991. "Infrared cooling rate calculations in operational general circulation models: Comparisons with benchmark computations." J Geophys Res 96 (D5): 9105-9120 [10.1029/91JD00516]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, M. H. Zhang, et al. J. P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, D. Jerrett, E. Keup, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. M. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai. 1991. "Interpretation of Snow-Climate Feedback as Produced by 17 General Circulation Models." Science 253 (5022): 888-892 [10.1126/science.253.5022.888]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, J. P. Blanchet, et al. G. J. Boer, A. D. Del Genio, M. Deque, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, W. L. Gates, S. J. Ghan, J. T. Kiehl, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M.-H. Zhang. 1990. "Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes in 19 atmospheric general circulation models." J. Geophys. Res. 95 (D10): 16601-16615 [10.1029/JD095iD10p16601]

    Lacis, A. A., D. J. Wuebbles, and J. A. Logan. 1990. "Radiative forcing of climate by changes in the vertical distribution of ozone." J. Geophys. Res. 95 (D7): 9971-9981 [10.1029/JD095iD07p09971]

    Rossow, W. B., and A. A. Lacis. 1990. "Global, seasonal cloud variations from satellite radiance measurements. Part II: Cloud properties and radiative effects." J. Climate 3 1204-1213>

    Hansen, J. E., and A. A. Lacis. 1990. "Sun and dust versus greenhouse gases: an assessment of their relative roles in global climate change." Nature 346 (6286): 713-719 [10.1038/346713a0]

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, and M. Prather. 1989. "Greenhouse effect of chlorofluorocarbons and other trace gases." J. Geophys. Res. 94 (D13): 16417-16421 [10.1029/JD094iD13p16417]

    Rossow, W. B., L. C. Garder, and A. A. Lacis. 1989. "Global, seasonal cloud variations from satellite radiance measurements. Part I: Sensitivity of analysis." J. Climate 2 419-458>

    Hansen, J., I. Fung, A. Lacis, et al. D. Rind, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, and P. Stone. 1988. "Global climate changes as forecast by Goddard Institute for Space Studies three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res. 93 (D8): 9341-9364 [10.1029/JD093iD08p09341]

    Rind, D., R. Suozzo, N. K. Balachandran, A. Lacis, and G. Russell. 1988. "The GISS Global Climate-Middle Atmosphere Model. Part I: Model structure and climatology." J. Atmos. Sci. 45 329-370

    Ramanathan, V., L. Callis, R. Cess, et al. J. Hansen, I. Isaksen, W. Kuhn, A. Lacis, F. Luther, J. Mahlman, R. Reck, and M. Schlesinger. 1987. "Climate-chemical interactions and effects of changing atmospheric trace gases." Rev. Geophys. 25 (7): 1441-1482 [10.1029/RG025i007p01441]

    Hansen, J., G. Russell, A. Lacis, et al. I. Fung, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1985. "Climate Response Times: Dependence on Climate Sensitivity and Ocean Mixing." Science 229 (4716): 857-859 [10.1126/science.229.4716.857]

    Fung, I. Y., D. E. Harrison, and A. A. Lacis. 1984. "On the variability of the net longwave radiation at the ocean surface." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 22 177-193

    Hansen, J., D. Johnson, A. A. Lacis, et al. S. Lebedeff, P. Lee, D. Rind, and G. L. Russell. 1983. "Climatic Effects of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Science 220 (4599): 874-875 [10.1126/science.220.4599.874-a]

    Hansen, J., G. L. Russell, D. H. Rind, et al. P. Stone, A. A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. A. Ruedy, and L. D. Travis. 1983. "Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II." M. Weather Rev. 111 (4): 609-662 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0609:ETDGMF>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A., J. Hansen, P. Lee, T. Mitchell, and S. Lebedeff. 1981. "Greenhouse effect of trace gases, 1970-1980." Geophys. Res. Lett. 8 (10): 1035-1038 [10.1029/GL008i010p01035]

    Hansen, J., D. Johnson, A. A. Lacis, et al. S. Lebedeff, P. Lee, D. Rind, and G. L. Russell. 1981. "Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Science 213 (4511): 957-966 [10.1126/science.213.4511.957]

    Hansen, J. E., A. A. Lacis, P. Lee, and W.-C. Wang. 1980. "Climatic effects of atmospheric aerosols." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 338 575-587 [10.1111/j.1749-6632.1980.tb17151.x]

    Travis, L. D., D. L. Coffeen, J. E. Hansen, et al. K. Kawabata, A. A. Lacis, W. A. Lane, S. S. Limaye, and P. H. Stone. 1979. "Orbiter Cloud Photopolarimeter Investigation." Science 203 (4382): 781-785 [10.1126/science.203.4382.781]

    Travis, L. D., D. L. Coffeen, A. D. Del Genio, et al. J. E. Hansen, K. Kawabata, A. A. Lacis, W. A. Lane, S. S. Limaye, W. B. Rossow, and P. H. Stone. 1979. "Cloud Images from the Pioneer Venus Orbiter." Science 205 (4401): 74-76 [10.1126/science.205.4401.74]

    Hansen, J. E., W.-C. Wang, and A. A. Lacis. 1978. "Mount Agung Eruption Provides Test of a Global Climatic Perturbation." Science 199 (4333): 1065-1068 [10.1126/science.199.4333.1065]

    Tomasko, M. G., R. Boesse, A. P. Ingersoll, et al. A. A. Lacis, S. S. Limaye, J. B. Pollack, A. Seiff, A. I. Stewart, V. E. Suomi, and F. W. Taylor. 1977. "The thermal balance of the atmosphere of venus (Chapter 8)." Space Sci. Rev. 20 (4): 389-412 [10.1007/BF02186460]

    Somerville, R. C., W. J. Quirk, J. E. Hansen, A. A. Lacis, and P. H. Stone. 1976. "A search for short-term meteorological effects of solar variability in an atmospheric circulation model." J. Geophys. Res. 81 (9): 1572-1576 [10.1029/JC081i009p01572]

    Wang, W.-C., Y. L. Yung, A. A. Lacis, T. Mo, and J. E. Hansen. 1976. "Greenhouse Effects due to Man-Mad Perturbations of Trace Gases." Science 194 (4266): 685-690 [10.1126/science.194.4266.685]

    Yung, Y. L., W. C. Wang, and A. A. Lacis. 1976. "Greenhouse effect due to atmospheric nitrous oxide." Geophys. Res. Lett. 3 (10): 619-621 [10.1029/GL003i010p00619]

    Lacis, A. A. 1975. "Cloud structure and heating rates in the atmosphere of Venus." J. Atmos. Sci. 21 (6): 1107-1124 [10.1175/1520-0469(1975)032<1107:CSAHRI>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A. A., and J. E. Hansen. 1974. "Atmosphere of Venus: Implications of Venera 8 Sunlight Measurements." Science 184 (4140): 979-982 [10.1126/science.184.4140.979]

    Somerville, R. C., P. H. Stone, M. Halem, et al. J. E. Hansen, J. S. Hogan, L. M. Druyan, G. Russell, A. A. Lacis, W. J. Quirk, and J. Tenenbaum. 1974. "The GISS model of the global atmosphere." J. Atmos. Sci. 31 84-117

    Lacis, A. A., and J. E. Hansen. 1974. "A parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere." J. Atmos. Sci. 31 (1): 118-133 [10.1175/1520-0469(1974)031<0118:APFTAO>2.0.CO;2]

    Lacis, A. A., and J. D. Fix. 1972. "An Analysis of the Light Curve of Pluto." ApJL 174 449-453 [10.1086/151504]

    Lacis, A. A., and S. Matsushima. 1966. "Method of Correction for Instrumental Astigmatism to Determine the Center-to-Limb Variation of the Solar Ultraviolet Continuum." J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 56 (9): 1239-1243 [10.1364/JOSA.56.001239]

    Non-Refereed

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis. 2006. "Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles: Radiative Transfer and Coherent Backscattering."

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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