Andrea M Molod

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Andrea M Molod

  • Rsch AST, Climate and Radiation Std
  • 301.614.6845
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.1
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Publications

    Refereed

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, R. M. Kovach, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The roles of climate change and climate variability in the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season." Scientific Reports, (Submitted)

    Freitas, S. R., G. A. Grell, A. Molod, et al. M. A. Thompson, W. M. Putman, C. M. Santos e Silva, and E. P. Souza. 2018. "Assessing the Grell-Freitas Convection Parameterization in the NASA GEOS Modeling System." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, [10.1029/2017ms001251]

    Eastham, S. D., M. S. Long, C. A. Keller, et al. E. Lundgren, R. M. Yantosca, J. Zhuang, C. Li, C. J. Lee, M. Yannetti, B. M. Auer, T. L. Clune, J. Kouatchou, W. M. Putman, M. A. Thompson, A. L. Trayanov, A. M. Molod, R. V. Martin, and D. J. Jacob. 2018. "GEOS-Chem High Performance (GCHP v11-02c): a next-generation implementation of the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model for massively parallel applications." Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (7): 2941-2953 [10.5194/gmd-11-2941-2018]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, Y. Chang, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The impact of SST-forced and unforced teleconnections on 2015/16 El Nino winter precipitation over the western United States." Journal of Climate, 31 (15): 5825-5844 [10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0218.1]

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate, 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Kouatchou, J., T. L. Clune, B. M. Auer, J. E. Nielsen, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Parallel Performance Analysis of Two Infrastructure Frameworks for GMI Chemistry." American Meteorological Society’s Third Symposium on High Performance Computing for Weather, Water, and Climate,

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate, 30: 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Barahona, D., A. Molod, and H. Kalesse. 2017. "Direct estimation of the global distribution of vertical velocity within cirrus clouds." Scientific Reports, 7 (1): 6840 [10.1038/s41598-017-07038-6]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, (In Press) [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, S. M. Nowicki, et al. J. N. Lee, A. M. Molod, R. I. Cullather, and B. Zhao. 2016. "Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland ice sheet surface mass variations: Insights from MERRA-2." Environmental Research Letters, 11 (2): [10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024002]

    Coy, L., K. Wargan, A. M. Molod, W. R. McCarty, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Structure and Dynamics of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in MERRA-2." J. Climate, 29:14: 5339-5354 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0809.1]

    Ott, L. E., B. N. Duncan, A. M. Thompson, et al. G. Diskin, Z. Fasnacht, A. O. Langford, M. Lin, A. M. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, S. E. Pusede, K. Wargan, A. J. Weinheimer, and Y. Yoshida. 2016. "Frequency and impact of summertime stratospheric intrusions over Maryland during DISCOVER-AQ (2011): New evidence from NASA's GEOS-5 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., [10.1002/2015jd024052]

    Holt, L. A., M. Joan Alexander, L. Coy, et al. A. Molod, W. Putman, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Tropical waves and the quasi-biennial oscillation in a 7-km global climate simulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73: 3771–3783 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0350.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate, 29: 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate, 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    Molod, A. M., L. L. Takacs, M. J. Suarez, and J. Bacmeister. 2015. "Development of the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model: evolution from MERRA to MERRA2 ." Geosci. Model Dev., 8: 1339-1356 [10.5194/gmd-8-1339-2015]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., A. M. Molod, L. E. Ott, and S. Pawson. 2015. "Impact of planetary boundary layer turbulence on model climate and tracer transport." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15 (13): 7269-7286 [10.5194/acp-15-7269-2015]

    Molod, A., H. Salmun, and M. Dempsey. 2015. "Estimating Planetary Boundary Layer Heights from NOAA Profiler Network Wind Profiler Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32 (9): 1545-1561 [10.1175/jtech-d-14-00155.1]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2014. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev., 7: 1733-1766 [10.5194/gmd-7-1733-2014]

    Lyapustin, A. I., M. J. Alexander, L. E. Ott, et al. A. M. Molod, B. N. Holben, J. Susskind, and Y. Wang. 2014. "Observation of mountain lee waves with MODIS NIR column water vapor." Geophys. Res. Lett., 41 (2): 710-716 [10.1002/2013GL058770]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., and A. M. Molod. 2014. "Comparison of GEOS-5 AGCM planetary boundary layer depths computed with various definitions." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14 (13): 6717-6727 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-14-6717-2014]

    Blackburn, M., D. L. Williamson, K. Nakajim, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): CONTROL SST Simulation." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 91A (0): 17-56 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A02]

    Williamson, D. L., M. Blackburn, K. Nakajima, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P. Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): Response to Changed Meridional SST Profile." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 91A (0): 57-89 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A03]

    Molod, A. M., M. J. Suarez, and G. Partyka. 2013. "The impact of limiting ocean roughness on GEOS-5 AGCM tropical cyclone forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (2): 411-416 [10.1029/2012GL053979]

    Lewis, J. R., E. J. Welton, A. M. Molod, and E. Joseph. 2013. "Improved boundary layer depth retrievals from MPLNET." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (17): 9870-9879 [10.1002/jgrd.50570]

    Zhang, M., C. S. Bretherton, P. N. Blossey, et al. P. H. Austin, J. T. Bacmeister, S. Bony, F. Brient, S. K. Cheedela, A. Cheng, A. D. Del Genio, S. R. De Roode, S. Endo, C. N. Franklin, J.-C. Golaz, C. Hannay, T. Heus, F. A. Isotta, J. L. Dufresne, I.-S. Kang, H. Awai, M. Koehler, V. E. Larson, Y. Liu, A. P. Lock, U. Lohmann, M. F. Khairoutdinov, A. M. Molod, R. A. Neggers, P. Rasch, I. Sandu, R. Senkbeil, A. P. Siebesma, C. Siegenthaler-Le Drian, B. Stevens, M. J. Suarez, K. M. Xu, K. von Salzen, M. J. Webb, A. Wolf, and M. Zhao. 2013. "CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5 (4): 826-842 [10.1002/2013MS000246]

    Garfinkel, C. I., L. D. Oman, E. A. Barnes, et al. D. W. Waugh, M. M. Hurwitz, and A. M. Molod. 2013. "Connections between the Spring Breakup of the Southern Hemisphere Polar Vortex, Stationary Waves, and Air–Sea Roughness." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (7): 2137-2151 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0242.1]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2013. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard earth observing system model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 6: 5289-5373.

    Molod, A. 2012. "Constraints on the Profiles of Total Water PDF in AGCMs from AIRS and a High-Resolution Model." Journal of Climate, 25 (23): 8341-8352 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00412.1]

    Rienecker, M. M., M. J. Suarez, R. Gelaro, et al. R. Todling, J. Bacmeister, E. Liu, M. G. Bosilovich, S. D. Schubert, L. Takacs, G.-K. Kim, S. Bloom, J. Chen, D. Collins, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, J. Joiner, R. D. Koster, R. Lucchesi, A. Molod, T. Owens, S. Pawson, P. Pegion, C. R. Redder, R. H. Reichle, F. R. Robertson, A. G. Ruddick, M. Sienkiewicz, and J. Woollen. 2011. "MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications." J. Climate, 24 (14): 3624-3648 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00015.1]

    Hurwitz, M. M., I. S. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. A. Newman, A. Molod, S. M. Frith, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys, 11: 9743-9767.

    Hurwitz, M., I. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. Newman, A. Molod, S. Frith, and J. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (18): 9659-9669 [10.5194/acp-11-9659-2011]

    Hurwitz, M., P. Newman, L. D. Oman, and A. Molod. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic Stratosphere to Two Types of El Niño Events." J Atmos Sci, 68 (4): 812-822 [10.1175/2011JAS3606.1]

    Pawson, S., K. Kodera, K. Hamilton, et al. T. G. Shepherd, S. R. Beagley, B. A. Boville, J. D. Farrara, T. D. Fairlie, A. Kitoh, W. A. Lahoz, U. Langematz, E. Manzini, D. H. Rind, A. A. Scaife, K. Shibata, P. Simon, R. Swinbank, L. Takacs, R. J. Wilson, J. A. Al-Saadi, H. Amodei, M. Chiba, L. Coy, J. de Grandpré, R. S. Eckman, M. Fiorino, W. L. Grose, H. Koide, J. N. Koshyk, D. Li, J. Lerner, J. D. Mahlman, N. A. McFarlane, C. R. Mechoso, A. Molod, A. O'Neill, R. B. Pierce, W. J. Randel, R. B. Rood, and F. Wuh. 2000. "The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial results." Bull Amer Meteorol Soc, 81: 781-796.

    Pickering, K. E., A. M. Thompson, W.-K. Tao, et al. R. B. Rood, D. P. McNamara, and A. M. Molod. 1995. "Vertical transport by convective clouds: Comparisons of three modeling approaches." Geophys. Res. Lett., 22: 1089-1092:

    Sud, Y. C., and A. Molod. 1988. "The roles of dry convection and cloud radiation feedback processes and the influence of recent improvements in the parameterization of convection in the GLA GCM." Mon. Wea. Rev., 11: 2366-2387.

    Sud, Y. C., A. Molod, and A. M. Molod. 1988. "A GCM simulation study of the influence of Saharan evapotranspiration and surface-albedo anomalies on July circulation and rainfall." Mon. Wea. Rev., 116 (11): 2388-2400 [10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<2388:AGSSOT>2.0.CO;2]

    Non-Refereed

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10): 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

    Kouatchou, J., A. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, and T. Clune. 2015. "GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide." GMAO Office Note 8:

    Publications

    Refereed

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, R. M. Kovach, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The roles of climate change and climate variability in the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season." Scientific Reports (Submitted)

    Freitas, S. R., G. A. Grell, A. Molod, et al. M. A. Thompson, W. M. Putman, C. M. Santos e Silva, and E. P. Souza. 2018. "Assessing the Grell-Freitas Convection Parameterization in the NASA GEOS Modeling System." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems [10.1029/2017ms001251]

    Eastham, S. D., M. S. Long, C. A. Keller, et al. E. Lundgren, R. M. Yantosca, J. Zhuang, C. Li, C. J. Lee, M. Yannetti, B. M. Auer, T. L. Clune, J. Kouatchou, W. M. Putman, M. A. Thompson, A. L. Trayanov, A. M. Molod, R. V. Martin, and D. J. Jacob. 2018. "GEOS-Chem High Performance (GCHP v11-02c): a next-generation implementation of the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model for massively parallel applications." Geoscientific Model Development 11 (7): 2941-2953 [10.5194/gmd-11-2941-2018]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, Y. Chang, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The impact of SST-forced and unforced teleconnections on 2015/16 El Nino winter precipitation over the western United States." Journal of Climate 31 (15): 5825-5844 [10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0218.1]

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Kouatchou, J., T. L. Clune, B. M. Auer, J. E. Nielsen, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Parallel Performance Analysis of Two Infrastructure Frameworks for GMI Chemistry." American Meteorological Society’s Third Symposium on High Performance Computing for Weather, Water, and Climate

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate 30 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Barahona, D., A. Molod, and H. Kalesse. 2017. "Direct estimation of the global distribution of vertical velocity within cirrus clouds." Scientific Reports 7 (1): 6840 [10.1038/s41598-017-07038-6]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (In Press) [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, S. M. Nowicki, et al. J. N. Lee, A. M. Molod, R. I. Cullather, and B. Zhao. 2016. "Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland ice sheet surface mass variations: Insights from MERRA-2." Environmental Research Letters 11 (2): [10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024002]

    Coy, L., K. Wargan, A. M. Molod, W. R. McCarty, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Structure and Dynamics of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in MERRA-2." J. Climate 29:14 5339-5354 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0809.1]

    Ott, L. E., B. N. Duncan, A. M. Thompson, et al. G. Diskin, Z. Fasnacht, A. O. Langford, M. Lin, A. M. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, S. E. Pusede, K. Wargan, A. J. Weinheimer, and Y. Yoshida. 2016. "Frequency and impact of summertime stratospheric intrusions over Maryland during DISCOVER-AQ (2011): New evidence from NASA's GEOS-5 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. [10.1002/2015jd024052]

    Holt, L. A., M. Joan Alexander, L. Coy, et al. A. Molod, W. Putman, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Tropical waves and the quasi-biennial oscillation in a 7-km global climate simulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 3771–3783 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0350.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate 29 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    Molod, A. M., L. L. Takacs, M. J. Suarez, and J. Bacmeister. 2015. "Development of the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model: evolution from MERRA to MERRA2 ." Geosci. Model Dev. 8 1339-1356 [10.5194/gmd-8-1339-2015]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., A. M. Molod, L. E. Ott, and S. Pawson. 2015. "Impact of planetary boundary layer turbulence on model climate and tracer transport." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 (13): 7269-7286 [10.5194/acp-15-7269-2015]

    Molod, A., H. Salmun, and M. Dempsey. 2015. "Estimating Planetary Boundary Layer Heights from NOAA Profiler Network Wind Profiler Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32 (9): 1545-1561 [10.1175/jtech-d-14-00155.1]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2014. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. 7 1733-1766 [10.5194/gmd-7-1733-2014]

    Lyapustin, A. I., M. J. Alexander, L. E. Ott, et al. A. M. Molod, B. N. Holben, J. Susskind, and Y. Wang. 2014. "Observation of mountain lee waves with MODIS NIR column water vapor." Geophys. Res. Lett. 41 (2): 710-716 [10.1002/2013GL058770]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., and A. M. Molod. 2014. "Comparison of GEOS-5 AGCM planetary boundary layer depths computed with various definitions." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14 (13): 6717-6727 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-14-6717-2014]

    Blackburn, M., D. L. Williamson, K. Nakajim, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): CONTROL SST Simulation." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan 91A (0): 17-56 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A02]

    Williamson, D. L., M. Blackburn, K. Nakajima, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P. Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): Response to Changed Meridional SST Profile." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan 91A (0): 57-89 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A03]

    Molod, A. M., M. J. Suarez, and G. Partyka. 2013. "The impact of limiting ocean roughness on GEOS-5 AGCM tropical cyclone forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters 40 (2): 411-416 [10.1029/2012GL053979]

    Lewis, J. R., E. J. Welton, A. M. Molod, and E. Joseph. 2013. "Improved boundary layer depth retrievals from MPLNET." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (17): 9870-9879 [10.1002/jgrd.50570]

    Zhang, M., C. S. Bretherton, P. N. Blossey, et al. P. H. Austin, J. T. Bacmeister, S. Bony, F. Brient, S. K. Cheedela, A. Cheng, A. D. Del Genio, S. R. De Roode, S. Endo, C. N. Franklin, J.-C. Golaz, C. Hannay, T. Heus, F. A. Isotta, J. L. Dufresne, I.-S. Kang, H. Awai, M. Koehler, V. E. Larson, Y. Liu, A. P. Lock, U. Lohmann, M. F. Khairoutdinov, A. M. Molod, R. A. Neggers, P. Rasch, I. Sandu, R. Senkbeil, A. P. Siebesma, C. Siegenthaler-Le Drian, B. Stevens, M. J. Suarez, K. M. Xu, K. von Salzen, M. J. Webb, A. Wolf, and M. Zhao. 2013. "CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 5 (4): 826-842 [10.1002/2013MS000246]

    Garfinkel, C. I., L. D. Oman, E. A. Barnes, et al. D. W. Waugh, M. M. Hurwitz, and A. M. Molod. 2013. "Connections between the Spring Breakup of the Southern Hemisphere Polar Vortex, Stationary Waves, and Air–Sea Roughness." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 70 (7): 2137-2151 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0242.1]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2013. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard earth observing system model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. 6 5289-5373

    Molod, A. 2012. "Constraints on the Profiles of Total Water PDF in AGCMs from AIRS and a High-Resolution Model." Journal of Climate 25 (23): 8341-8352 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00412.1]

    Rienecker, M. M., M. J. Suarez, R. Gelaro, et al. R. Todling, J. Bacmeister, E. Liu, M. G. Bosilovich, S. D. Schubert, L. Takacs, G.-K. Kim, S. Bloom, J. Chen, D. Collins, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, J. Joiner, R. D. Koster, R. Lucchesi, A. Molod, T. Owens, S. Pawson, P. Pegion, C. R. Redder, R. H. Reichle, F. R. Robertson, A. G. Ruddick, M. Sienkiewicz, and J. Woollen. 2011. "MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications." J. Climate 24 (14): 3624-3648 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00015.1]

    Hurwitz, M. M., I. S. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. A. Newman, A. Molod, S. M. Frith, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys 11 9743-9767

    Hurwitz, M., I. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. Newman, A. Molod, S. Frith, and J. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (18): 9659-9669 [10.5194/acp-11-9659-2011]

    Hurwitz, M., P. Newman, L. D. Oman, and A. Molod. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic Stratosphere to Two Types of El Niño Events." J Atmos Sci 68 (4): 812-822 [10.1175/2011JAS3606.1]

    Pawson, S., K. Kodera, K. Hamilton, et al. T. G. Shepherd, S. R. Beagley, B. A. Boville, J. D. Farrara, T. D. Fairlie, A. Kitoh, W. A. Lahoz, U. Langematz, E. Manzini, D. H. Rind, A. A. Scaife, K. Shibata, P. Simon, R. Swinbank, L. Takacs, R. J. Wilson, J. A. Al-Saadi, H. Amodei, M. Chiba, L. Coy, J. de Grandpré, R. S. Eckman, M. Fiorino, W. L. Grose, H. Koide, J. N. Koshyk, D. Li, J. Lerner, J. D. Mahlman, N. A. McFarlane, C. R. Mechoso, A. Molod, A. O'Neill, R. B. Pierce, W. J. Randel, R. B. Rood, and F. Wuh. 2000. "The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial results." Bull Amer Meteorol Soc 81 781-796.

    Pickering, K. E., A. M. Thompson, W.-K. Tao, et al. R. B. Rood, D. P. McNamara, and A. M. Molod. 1995. "Vertical transport by convective clouds: Comparisons of three modeling approaches." Geophys. Res. Lett. 22: 1089-1092

    Sud, Y. C., and A. Molod. 1988. "The roles of dry convection and cloud radiation feedback processes and the influence of recent improvements in the parameterization of convection in the GLA GCM." Mon. Wea. Rev. 11 2366-2387

    Sud, Y. C., A. Molod, and A. M. Molod. 1988. "A GCM simulation study of the influence of Saharan evapotranspiration and surface-albedo anomalies on July circulation and rainfall." Mon. Wea. Rev. 116 (11): 2388-2400 [10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<2388:AGSSOT>2.0.CO;2]

    Non-Refereed

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10) 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

    Kouatchou, J., A. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, and T. Clune. 2015. "GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide." GMAO Office Note 8

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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