Alexander Marshak

Alexander Marshak

  • (AST, CLIMATE & RADIATION STUDIES)
  • 301.614.6122 | 301.614.6307
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 613
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Alexander Marshak received the M.S. degree in applied mathematics from Tartu University, Estonia, in 1978 and the Ph.D. degree in numerical analysis from the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Novosibirsk, Russia, in 1983. In 1978, he joined the Institute of Astrophysics and Atmospheric Physics in Estonia, where he worked for 11 years. In 1989, he received an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship and worked for two years with Göttingen University, Germany. In 1991, he joined GSFC, first working for SSAI, then UMBC/JCET, and finally, NASA/GSFC, where he has been since January 2003.

    Dr. A. Marshak conducts research on remote sensing of clouds, aerosols and blowing snow, on cloud-aerosol interaction,  and on many aspects of atmospheric radiative transfer. He is the Deputy Project Scientist for the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite mission, and a member of the CALIPSO and MODIS Science Teams, and the International Radiation Commission.

    Dr. Marshak has published over 150 refereed papers, books, and chapters in edited volumes.  Web of Science publications and citation metrics can be found here; see also Google Scholar.

    Education

    M.S. in Applied Mathematics (1978) from Tartu State University, Estonia
    Ph.D. in Numerical Analysis (1983) from the Computer Center of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Novosibirsk, Russia

    Publications

    Refereed

    Herman, J., G. Wen, A. Marshak, et al. K. Blank, L. Huang, A. Cede, N. Abuhassan, and M. Kowalewski. 2018. "Reduction in 317–780 nm radiance reflected from the sunlit Earth during the eclipse of 21 August 2017." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11 (7): 4373-4388 [10.5194/amt-11-4373-2018]

    Davis, A. B., G. Merlin, C. Cornet, et al. L. C. Labonnote, J. Riédi, N. Ferlay, P. Dubuisson, Q. Min, Y. Yang, and A. Marshak. 2018. "Cloud information content in EPIC/DSCOVR’s oxygen A- and B-band channels: An optimal estimation approach." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 216: 6-16 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.05.007]

    Marshak, A., J. Herman, A. Szabo, et al. K. Blank, S. Carn, A. Cede, I. Geogdzhayev, D. Huang, L.-K. Huang, Y. Knyazikhin, M. Kowalewski, N. Krotkov, A. Lyapustin, R. McPeters, K. Meyer, O. Torres, and Y. Yang. 2018. "Earth Observations from DSCOVR/EPIC Instrument." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, BAMS-D-17-0223.1 [10.1175/bams-d-17-0223.1]

    Song, W., Y. Knyazikhin, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, M. Mõttus, K. Yan, B. Yang, B. Xu, T. Park, C. Chen, Y. Zeng, G. Yan, X. Mu, and R. B. Myneni. 2018. "Implications of Whole-Disc DSCOVR EPIC Spectral Observations for Estimating Earth’s Spectral Reflectivity Based on Low-Earth-Orbiting and Geostationary Observations." Remote Sensing, 10 (10): 1594 [10.3390/rs10101594]

    Davis, A. B., N. Ferlay, Q. Libois, et al. A. Marshak, Y. Yang, and Q. Min. 2018. "Cloud information content in EPIC/DSCOVR’s oxygen A- and B-band channels: A physics-based approach." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 220: 84-96 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.09.006]

    Marshak, A., and Y. Knyazikhin. 2017. "The spectral invariant approximation within canopy radiative transfer to support the use of the EPIC/DSCOVR oxygen B-band for monitoring vegetation." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 191: 7-12 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.01.015]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, M. Han, S. P. Palm, and D. J. Harding. 2017. "Snow grain size retrieval over the polar ice sheets with the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) observations." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.03.033]

    Marshak, A., T. Várnai, and A. Kostinski. 2017. "Terrestrial glint seen from deep space: Oriented ice crystals detected from the Lagrangian point." Geophysical Research Letters, Online: [10.1002/2017gl073248]

    Xu, X., J. Wang, Y. Wang, et al. J. Zeng, O. Torres, Y. Yang, A. Marshak, J. Reid, and S. Miller. 2017. "Passive remote sensing of altitude and optical depth of dust plumes using the oxygen A and B bands: First results from EPIC/DSCOVR at Lagrange-1 point." Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (14): 7544-7554 [10.1002/2017gl073939]

    Várnai, T., A. Marshak, and T. F. Eck. 2017. "Observation-Based Study on Aerosol Optical Depth and Particle Size in Partly Cloudy Regions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (18): 10,013-10,024 [10.1002/2017jd027028]

    Alexandrov, M. D., I. V. Geogdzhayev, K. Tsigaridis, et al. A. Marshak, R. Levy, and B. Cairns. 2016. "New statistical model for variability of aerosol optical thickness: Theory and application to MODIS data over ocean." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73 (2): 821-837 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0130.1]

    Zhang, Z., F. Werner, H.-M. Cho, et al. G. Wind, S. Platnick, A. S. Ackerman, L. Di Girolamo, A. Marshak, and K. Meyer. 2016. "A framework based on 2-D Taylor expansion for quantifying the impacts of subpixel reflectance variance and covariance on cloud optical thickness and effective radius retrievals based on the bispectral method." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (12): 7007-7025 [10.1002/2016jd024837]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, P. J. McBride, et al. J. C. Chiu, Y. Knyazikhin, K. S. Schmidt, C. Flynn, E. R. Lewis, and E. W. Eloranta. 2016. "Observation of the spectrally invariant properties of clouds in cloudy-to-clear transition zones during the MAGIC field campaign." Atmospheric Research, 182: 294-301 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.08.004]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and R. C. Levy. 2016. "Testing the Two-Layer Model for Correcting Near Cloud Reflectance Enhancement Using LES/SHDOM Simulated Radiances ." J. Geophys. Res., Atmos., (121): 9661–9674 [10.1002/2016JD025021]

    Knobelspiesse, K., B. Van Diedenhoven, A. Marshak, et al. S. Dunagan, B. N. Holben, and I. Slutsker. 2015. "Cloud thermodynamic phase detection with polarimetrically sensitive passive sky radiometers." Atmos. Meas. Tech, 8: 1537-1554 [10.5194/amt-8-1537-2015]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2015. "Effect of cloud fraction on near-cloud aerosol behavior in the MODIS atmospheric correction ocean color product." Rem. Sens, 7: 5283-5299 [10.3390/rs70505283]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2014. "Near-cloud aerosol properties from the 1 km resolution MODIS ocean product." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (3): 1546-1554 [10.1002/2013JD020633]

    Marshak, A., K. F. Evans, T. Varnai, and G. Wen. 2014. "Extending 3D near-cloud corrections from shorter to longer wavelengths." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 147: 79-85 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.05.022]

    Yang, Y., S. P. Palm, A. Marshak, et al. D. L. Wu, H. Yu, and Q. Fu. 2014. "First satellite-detected perturbations of outgoing longwave radiation associated with blowing snow events over Antarctica." Geophys. Res. Lett, 41 (2): 730-735 [10.1002/2013GL058932]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and R. Wood. 2014. "CALIPSO observations of near-cloud aerosol properties as a function of cloud fraction." Geophys. Res. Lett, 41: 9150-9157 [10.1002/2014GL061896]

    Yang, Y., S. P. Palm, and A. Marshak. 2014. "Properties and potential radiative impacts of Antarctic blowing snow." Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation V, [10.1117/12.2068038]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, L. Remer, et al. R. Levy, N. Loeb, T. Várnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Correction of MODIS aerosol retrieval for 3D radiative effects in broken cloud fields." [10.1063/1.4804761]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Mao, A. I. Lyapustin, and J. R. Herman. 2013. "A method of retrieving cloud top height and cloud geometrical thickness with oxygen A and B bands for the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) mission: Radiative transfer simulations." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 122: 141-149 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.09.017]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, A. B. Kostinski, and T. Varnai. 2013. "Shape-induced gravitational sorting of Saharan dust during transatlantic voyage: Evidence from CALIOP lidar depolarization measurements." Geophys. Res. Lett, 40 (12): 3281-3286 [10.1002/grl.50603]

    Knyazikhin, Y., M. A. Schull, Y. Yang, et al. P. Stenberg, M. Mottus, M. Rautiainen, A. Marshak, P. L. Carmona, R. Kaufmann, P. Lewis, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. I. Lyapustin, and R. B. Myneni. 2013. "Reply to Ollinger et al.: Remote sensing of leaf nitrogen and emergent ecosystem properties." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (27): E2438-E2438 [10.1073/pnas.1305930110]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. C. Levy, et al. L. A. Remer, N. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Improvement of MODIS aerosol retrievals near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (16): 9168-9181 [10.1002/jgrd.50617]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, Z. Wang, and C. Schaaf. 2013. "Assessment of Cloud Screening With Apparent Surface Reflectance in Support of the ICESat-2 Mission." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 51 (2): 1037-1045 [10.1109/TGRS.2012.2204066]

    Varnai, T., A. Marshak, and W. Yang. 2013. "Multi-satellite aerosol observations in the vicinity of clouds." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (8): 3899-3908 [10.5194/acp-13-3899-2013]

    Knyazikhin, Y., P. Lewis, M. I. Disney, et al. P. Stenberg, M. Mottus, M. Rautiainen, R. Kaufmann, A. Marshak, M. Schull, P. Carmona, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. Lyapustin, Y. Yanga, and R. Myneni. 2013. "Reply to Townsend et al.: Decoupling contributions from canopy structure and leaf optics is critical for remote sensing leaf biochemistry." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (12): E1075-E1075 [10.1073/pnas.1301247110]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski. 2012. "CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12 (23): 11339-11354 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-12-11339-2012]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and Z. Liu. 2012. "Effect of CALIPSO cloud–aerosol discrimination (CAD) confidence levels on observations of aerosol properties near clouds." Atmospheric Research, 116: 134-141 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.03.013]

    Vogelmann, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, J. A. Ogren, et al. D. D. Turner, J. M. Comstock, G. Feingold, C. N. Long, H. Jonsson, A. Bucholtz, D. R. Collins, G. S. Diskin, H. Gerber, P. R. Lawson, R. Woods, E. Andrews, H. J. Yang, C. J. Chiu, D. Hartsock, J. M. Hubbe, C. Lo, A. Marshak, J. Monroe, S. A. McFarlane, B. Schmid, J. M. Tomlinson, and T. Toto. 2012. "Racoro Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary Layer Clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (6): 861-878 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, C. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans, 113 (9): 715-720 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, C. Huang, et al. T. Varnai, R. Hogan, D. Giles, B. Holben, E. OConnor, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12 (21): 10313-10329 [10.5194/acp-12-10313-2012]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2012. "Analysis of co-located MODIS and CALIPSO observations near clouds." Atmos Meas Tech, 5 (2): 389-396 [10.5194/amt-5-389-2012]

    Knyazikhin, Y., M. A. Schull, P. Stenberg, et al. M. Mõttus, A. Marshak, P. L. Carmona, R. K. Kaufmann, P. Lewis, M. I. Disney, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. I. Lyapustin, and R. B. Myneni. 2012. "Hyperspectral remote sensing of foliar nitrogen content." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (3): E185-E192 [10.1073/pnas.1210196109]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, T. Varnai, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2011. "Cloud Impact on Surface Altimetry From a Spaceborne 532-nm Micropulse Photon-Counting Lidar: System Modeling for Cloudy and Clear Atmospheres." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 49 (12): 4910-4919 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153860]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2011. "Spectrally Invariant Approximation within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer." J Atmos Sci, 68 (12): 3094-3111 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2011. "Global CALIPSO Observations of Aerosol Changes Near Clouds." IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett., 8 (1): 19-23 [10.1109/LGRS.2010.2049982]

    Palm, S. P., Y. Yang, J. D. Spinhirne, and A. Marshak. 2011. "Satellite remote sensing of blowing snow properties over Antarctica." Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (D16): D16123 [10.1029/2011jd015828]

    Korkin, S. V., A. I. Lyapustin, and A. Marshak. 2011. "On the accuracy of double scattering approximation for atmospheric polarization computations." J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans, 113 (2): 172-181 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.10.008]

    Abdalati, W., H. J. Zwally, R. A. Bindschadler, et al. B. Csatho, S. L. Farrell, H. Fricker, D. Harding, R. Kwok, M. Lefsky, T. Markus, A. Marshak, T. A. Neumann, S. Palm, B. Schutz, B. Smith, and C. Spinhirne. 2010. "The ICESat-2 Laser Altimetry Mission." Proc. IEEE, 98 (5): 735-751 [10.1109/JPROC.2009.2034765]

    Alexandrov, M., A. Marshak, and A. S. Ackerman. 2010. "Cellular Statistical Models of Broken Cloud Fields. Part I: Theory." J Atmos Sci, 67 (7): 2125-2151 [10.1175/2010JAS3364.1]

    Lyapustin, A., C. Gatebe, R. Kahn, et al. R. Brandt, J. Redemann, P. Russell, M. King, C. Pedersen, S. Gerland, R. Poudyal, A. Marshak, Y. Wang, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and A. Kokhanovsky. 2010. "Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS Spring-2008 Campaign." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10 (9): 4359-4375 [10.5194/acp-10-4359-2010]

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2010. "Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts." Rep. Prog. Phys., 73 (2): 026801 [10.1088/0034-4885/73/2/026801]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Yang. 2010. "Uncertainties in Ice-Sheet Altimetry From a Spaceborne 1064-nm Single-Channel Lidar Due to Undetected Thin Clouds." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 48 (1): 250-259 [10.1109/TGRS.2009.2028335]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2010. "Spectrally-invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10 (22): 11295-11303 [10.5194/acp-10-11295-2010]

    Alexandrov, M., A. Ackerman, and A. Marshak. 2010. "Cellular Statistical Models of Broken Cloud Fields. Part II: Comparison with a Dynamical Model and Statistics of Diverse Ensembles." J Atmos Sci, 67 (7): 2152-2170 [10.1175/2010JAS3365.1]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, P. Pilewskie, and W. Wiscombe. 2009. "Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (4): 1419-1430 [10.5194/acp-9-1419-2009]

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2009. "A Simple Stochastic Model for Generating Broken Cloud Optical Depth and Cloud-Top Height Fields." J Atmos Sci, 66 (1): 92-104 [10.1175/2008JAS2699.1]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2009. "MODIS observations of enhanced clear sky reflectance near clouds." Geophys. Res. Lett., 36 (6): L06807 [10.1029/2008GL037089]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Importance of molecular Rayleigh scattering in the enhancement of clear sky radiance in the vicinity of boundary layer cumulus clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 113: [10.1029/2008JD010592]

    Marshak, A., G. Wen, J. Coakley, et al. L. Remer, N. Loeb, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "A simple model for the cloud adjacency effect and the apparent bluing of aerosols near clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 113: [10.1029/2007JD009196]

    Evans, K., A. Marshak, and T. Varnai. 2008. "The Potential for Improved Boundary Layer Cloud Optical Depth Retrievals from the Multiple Directions of MISR." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (10): 3179-3196 [10.1175/2008JAS2627.1]

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2008. "Simulation of vector semibinary homogeneous random fields and modeling of broken clouds." Numeric Anal Appl, 1 (3): 285-292 [10.1134/S1995423908030099]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Chiu, et al. W. Wiscombe, S. Palm, A. Davis, D. Spangenberg, L. Nguyen, J. Spinhirne, and P. Minnis. 2008. "Retrievals of Thick Cloud Optical Depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by Calibration of Solar Background Signal." J. Atmos. Sci., 65 (11): 3513-3526 [10.1175/2008JAS2744.1]

    Zinner, T., A. Marshak, S. Lang, J. Martins, and B. Mayer. 2008. "Remote sensing of cloud sides of deep convection: towards a three-dimensional retrieval of cloud particle size profiles." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8 (16): 4741-4757 [10.5194/acp-8-4741-2008]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, L. Remer, and R. G. Kleidman. 2007. "3D aerosol-cloud radiative interaction observed in collocated MODIS and ASTER images of cumulus cloud fields." J. Geophys. Res., 112: [10.1029/2005JD006686 ]

    Vant-Hull, B., A. Marshak, L. Remer, and Z. Li. 2007. "The effects of scattering angle and cumulus cloud geometry on satellite retrievals of cloud drop effective radius." Geosci Rem Sens Lett, 45 (4): 1039-1045.

    Martins, J., A. Marshak, L. Remer, et al. D. Rosenfeld, Y. Kaufman, R. Fernandez-Borda, I. Koren, V. Zubko, and P. Artaxo. 2007. "Remote sensing the vertical profile of cloud droplet effective radius thermodynamic phase and temperature." Atmos Chem Phys Disc, 7: 4481-4519.

    Turner, D., A. Vogelmann, R. Austin, et al. J. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, J. Chiu, S. Clough, C. Flynn, M. Khaiyer, J. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C. Long, A. Marshak, S. Matrosov, S. McFarlane, M. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 88: 177-190.

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2007. "View angle dependence of cloud optical thicknesses retrieved by Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D6): D06203 [10.1029/2005JD006912]

    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Valencia, and E. J. Welton. 2007. "Cloud optical depth retrievals from solar background "signal" of micropulse lidars." IEEE Geo Rem Sens, 4 (3): 456-460 [10.1109/LGRS.2007.896722]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, et al. T. Varnai, A. B. Davis, and A. Macke. 2006. "New directions in the radiative transfer of cloudy atmospheres." Eos Trans. AGU, 87 (5): 52 [10.1029/2006EO050006]

    Marshak, A., J. Martins, V. Zubko, and Y. Kaufman. 2006. "What does reflection from cloud sides tell us about vertical distribution of cloud droplet sizes?" Atmos Chem and Phys, 6: 5295-5305.

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of 3D Clouds on Clear Sky Reflectance and Aerosol Retrieval in a Biomass Burning Region of Brazil." IEEE Geo Rem Sens Lett, 3: 169-172 [10.1109/LGRS.2005.861386]

    Marshak, A., S. E. Platnick, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and R. F. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of three-dimensional radiative effects on satellite retrievals of cloud droplet sizes." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D9): D09207 [10.1029/2005JD006686]

    Zhuravleva, T., and A. Marshak. 2005. "On the validation of the Poisson model of broken clouds." Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 6: 783-797.

    Marshak, A., K. Yu, M. Larsen, and W. Wiscombe. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Empirical models for drop-size-dependent clustering in clouds." J Atmos Sci, 62: 551-558.

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2005. "Numerical model of broken clouds adapted to observations." Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics, 18: 236-242.

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, M. Larsen, et al. W. Wiscombe, J. Martonchik, and R. Myneni. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Impact on estimation of cloud optical properties." J Atmos Sci, 62: 2555-2567.

    Cahalan, R., L. Oreopoulos, A. Marshak, et al. K. Evans, A. Davis, R. Pincus, K. Yetzer, B. Mayer, R. Davies, T. Ackerman, H. Barker, E. Clothiaux, R. Ellingson, M. Garay, E. Kassianov, S. Kinne, O. Macke, O. Macke, O. Macke, P. Partain, S. Prigarin, A. Rublev, G. Stephens, F. Szczap, E. Takara, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and T. Zhuravleva. 2005. "The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 86 (9): 1275-1293 [10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1275]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett, 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci, 61: 1024-1039.

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. Evans, and W. Wiscombe. 2004. "The 'RED versus NIR' plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci, 61: 1911-1925.

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2004. "Photon propagation in heterogeneous optical media with spatial correlations: Enhanced mean-free-paths and wider-than-exponential free-path distribution." J Quant Spectr and Rad Trans, 84: 3-34.

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2003. "Consistency of ARESE II cloud absorption estimates and sampling issues." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D1): 4029 [10.1029/2002JD002243]

    Marshak, A. 2003. "An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation (second edition) Book Review." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 84 (6): 799-801.

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Observations of three-dimensional radiative effects that influence satellite retrievals of cloud properties." Quart Jour of Hungarian Meteor Service (Idojaras), 106: 265-278.

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Observations of three-dimensional radiative effects that influence MODIS cloud optical thickness retrievals." J Atmos Sci, 59: 1607-1618.

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Space-time characteristics of light transmitted through dense clouds: A Green's Function Analysis." J Atmos Sci, 59: 2713-2727.

    Barker, H., A. Marshak, W. Szyrmer, A. Trishchenko, and J. Blanchet. 2002. "Inference of cloud optical properties from aircraft-based solar radiometric measurements." J Atmos Sci, 59: 2093-2111.

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, J. Martonchick, and R. Myneni. 2002. "A missing solution to the transport equation and its effect on estimation of cloud absorptive properties." J Atmos Sci, 59 (24): 3572-3585 [10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<3572:AMSTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., R. F. Cahalan, and A. Marshak. 2001. "Green functions for multiple scattering as mathematical tools for dense cloud remote sensing: theory, with passive and active applications, in Laser Radar Technology and Applications VI." SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering, ISBN: 978-0819440723.

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Statistical analysis of the uncertainties in cloud optical depth retrievals caused by three-dimensional radiative effects." J Atmos Sci, 58: 1540-1548.

    Gerber, H., J. Jensen, A. Davis, A. Marshak, and W. Wiscombe. 2001. "Spectral density of cloud liquid water content at high frequencies." J Atmos Sci, 58: 497-503.

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Multiple scattering in clouds: Insights from three-dimensional diffusion theory." Nuclear Sci and Engin, 137: 251-280.

    Barker, H., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Inferring optical depth of broken clouds above green vegetation using surface solar radiometric measurements." J Atmos Sci, 58: 2989-3006.

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Oreopoulos, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, S.-C. Tsay, and T. DeFelice. 2001. "Cloud characterization and clear sky correction from Landsat 7." Remote Sens Environ, 78 (1-2): 83-98 [10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00251-6]

    Knyazikhin, Y., and A. Marshak. 2000. "Mathematical aspects of BRDF modeling: Adjoint problem and Greens function." Remote Sens Rev, 18: 263-280.

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Pilewskie. 2000. "Cloud-vegetation interaction: Use of normalized difference cloud index for estimation of cloud optical thickness." Geophys Res Lett, 27 (12): 1695-1698 [10.1029/1999GL010993]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and G. Wen. 2000. "Cloud three-dimensional effects evidenced in Landsat spatial power spectra and autocorrelation functions." J Geophys Res, 105 (D11): 14777-14788 [10.1029/2000JD900153]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. F. Cahalan, A. Marshak, and G. Wen. 2000. "A new normalized difference cloud retrieval technique applied to Landsat radiances over the Oklahoma ARM Site." J Appl Meteor, 39 (12): 2305-2320 [10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<2305:ANNDCR>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc., 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Insight into three-dimensional radiation transport from diffusion theory, application to the cloudy atmosphere, in Radiative Transfer." New York, NY: Begell House [10.1615/ICHMT.1997.IntSymLiqTwoPhaseFlowTranspPhen]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 103: 19557-19567 [10.1029/98JD01728]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36: [10.1109/36.655329]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate, 11: 431-446 [10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0431:BISCAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Evidence for net horizontal radiative fluxes in marine stratocumulus, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Davis, A. B., D. Winker, A. Marshak, et al. J. Spinhirne, R. F. Cahalan, S. Love, H. Melfi, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Retrieval of physical and optical cloud thicknesses from space-borne and wide-angle lidar, in Advances inn Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar." Springer-Verlag, ISBN: 978-3-642-60612-0. [10.1007/978-3-642-60612-0]

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Physical simulation of high resolution satellite images for fractal cloud models, in Fractal Frontiers." World Scientific, ISBN: 978-9810231552.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The effect of horizontal fluxes on cloud absorption estimates based on simulated two-aircraft measurements of fractal clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation for computing radiation fields of inhomogeneous clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Cahalan, R. F., A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, D. S. Silberstein, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Cloud Macrostructure and Radiation, in Remote Sensing: A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development." IEEE Operations Center P . 0 . B o x 1331 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway, NJ 00055-1331 UBA: IEEE, ISBN: 0-7003-3037-5. [10.1109/IGARSS.1997.608888]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 54: 1423-1444 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<1423:SIILWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 16619-16637 [10.1029/97JD01153]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res., 54: 241-260 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0241:TLSBIS>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals, 5: 129-166.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Multifractal characterizations of intermittency in nonstationary geophysical signals and fields, in Nonstationary Random Processes and Their Applications." World Scientific.

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1538-1558 [10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1538:SIOLWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Myneni, R. B., F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, and A. Marshak. 1995. "The interpretation of spectral vegetation indexes." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 33 (2): 481-486 [10.1109/36.377948]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev., E49: 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res., 99: 8055-8072 [10.1029/94JD00219]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals, 3: 702-710.

    Antyufeev, V. S., and A. Marshak. 1989. "Monte Carlo method application to solution of the radiative transfer equation for a plane layer of vegetation." Soviet J. of Atmos. Opt. (Russian), 1206-1212.

    Marshak, A. 1989. "On the connection between the First Point of Quadrature Formulae and the convergence rate of the Discrete Ordinates Method." USSR Comput. Maths. Math. Phys. (Russian translated into English 29 5 1-8 1991), 1267-1276.

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1989. "Estimation of the influence of leaf orientation and the specular component on the vegetation phase function." Soviet J. of Atmos. Opt.(Russian), 76-85.

    Ross, J. K., and A. Marshak. 1989. "The influence of leaf orientation and the specular component of leaf reflectance on the canopy bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sens. Environ., 251-260.

    Marshak, A. 1989. "Effect of the hot spot on the Transport Equation in plant canopies." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans., 42 (6): 615-630 [10.1016/0022-4073(89)90055-1]

    Ross, J. K., and A. Marshak. 1988. "Calculation of canopy bidirectional reflectance using the Monte Carlo method." Remote Sens. Environ., 24 (3): 213-225 [10.1016/0034-4257(88)90026-0]

    Marshak, A. 1987. "On the restitution of the optical parameters of the canopy using the data of spectral brightness coefficient by the Monte Carlo method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 289-293.

    Marshak, A. 1987. "A remark on the approximation of the exponential integrals." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 55-57.

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1987. "Estimation of the influence of the canopy architecture parameters on the bidirectional reflectance by means of the Monte Carlo method." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English), 86-93.

    Ross, J., and A. L. Marshak. 1987. "Monte Carlo determination of spectral radiance of the vegetation cover as a function of illumination conditions." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English 7 4 726-739 1990), 96-105.

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "One estimate of the accuracy of the approximation the exponential integral by the quadrature rules." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 249-257.

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "A remark on the Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature rule." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 338-340.

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "The nonstandard form of the error for quadrature rules with strongly nonuniform position of quadrature points." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 390-399.

    Marshak, A. L. 1985. "On the solution of the Transport Equation with periodic boundary conditions by the Method of Discrete Ordinates." Transport Theory Statis. Phys., 323-351.

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1984. "Calculation of the solar radiation reflection function from plant cover using Monte Carlo method." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English 7 2 346-360 1990), 58-67.

    Marshak, A. L. 1982. "On the approximation of the exponential integral by quadrature formulae." USSR Comput. Maths. Math. Phys. (Russian translated into English), 1044-1051.

    Marshak, A. L. 1981. "On the solution of the Transport Equation in a heterogeneous medium by the Discrete Ordinates Method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 190-201.

    Marshak, A. L. 1981. "On the solution of the Transport Equation in spherical geometry by the Discrete Ordinates Method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian), 364-375.

    Marshak, A. L. 1979. "On the rate of convergence of the Discrete Ordinates Method in case of Gauss Quadrature Rule." Trans. of Tartu Univ. (Russian), 92-104.

    Vainikko, G. M., and A. Marshak. 1978. "On the convergence rate of the Method of Discrete Ordinates in the radiation transport theory." Izv. VUZov Math. (Russian), 11-21.

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. . "Effect of cloud fraction on near-cloud aerosol behavior in the MODIS atmospheric correction ocean color product." Remote Sensing, (In Press)

    Brief Bio

    Alexander Marshak received the M.S. degree in applied mathematics from Tartu University, Estonia, in 1978 and the Ph.D. degree in numerical analysis from the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Novosibirsk, Russia, in 1983. In 1978, he joined the Institute of Astrophysics and Atmospheric Physics in Estonia, where he worked for 11 years. In 1989, he received an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship and worked for two years with Göttingen University, Germany. In 1991, he joined GSFC, first working for SSAI, then UMBC/JCET, and finally, NASA/GSFC, where he has been since January 2003.

    Dr. A. Marshak conducts research on remote sensing of clouds, aerosols and blowing snow, on cloud-aerosol interaction,  and on many aspects of atmospheric radiative transfer. He is the Deputy Project Scientist for the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) satellite mission, and a member of the CALIPSO and MODIS Science Teams, and the International Radiation Commission.

    Dr. Marshak has published over 150 refereed papers, books, and chapters in edited volumes.  Web of Science publications and citation metrics can be found here; see also Google Scholar.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Herman, J., G. Wen, A. Marshak, et al. K. Blank, L. Huang, A. Cede, N. Abuhassan, and M. Kowalewski. 2018. "Reduction in 317–780 nm radiance reflected from the sunlit Earth during the eclipse of 21 August 2017." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 11 (7): 4373-4388 [10.5194/amt-11-4373-2018]

    Davis, A. B., G. Merlin, C. Cornet, et al. L. C. Labonnote, J. Riédi, N. Ferlay, P. Dubuisson, Q. Min, Y. Yang, and A. Marshak. 2018. "Cloud information content in EPIC/DSCOVR’s oxygen A- and B-band channels: An optimal estimation approach." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 216 6-16 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.05.007]

    Marshak, A., J. Herman, A. Szabo, et al. K. Blank, S. Carn, A. Cede, I. Geogdzhayev, D. Huang, L.-K. Huang, Y. Knyazikhin, M. Kowalewski, N. Krotkov, A. Lyapustin, R. McPeters, K. Meyer, O. Torres, and Y. Yang. 2018. "Earth Observations from DSCOVR/EPIC Instrument." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society BAMS-D-17-0223.1 [10.1175/bams-d-17-0223.1]

    Song, W., Y. Knyazikhin, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, M. Mõttus, K. Yan, B. Yang, B. Xu, T. Park, C. Chen, Y. Zeng, G. Yan, X. Mu, and R. B. Myneni. 2018. "Implications of Whole-Disc DSCOVR EPIC Spectral Observations for Estimating Earth’s Spectral Reflectivity Based on Low-Earth-Orbiting and Geostationary Observations." Remote Sensing 10 (10): 1594 [10.3390/rs10101594]

    Davis, A. B., N. Ferlay, Q. Libois, et al. A. Marshak, Y. Yang, and Q. Min. 2018. "Cloud information content in EPIC/DSCOVR’s oxygen A- and B-band channels: A physics-based approach." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 220 84-96 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.09.006]

    Marshak, A., and Y. Knyazikhin. 2017. "The spectral invariant approximation within canopy radiative transfer to support the use of the EPIC/DSCOVR oxygen B-band for monitoring vegetation." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 191 7-12 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.01.015]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, M. Han, S. P. Palm, and D. J. Harding. 2017. "Snow grain size retrieval over the polar ice sheets with the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) observations." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.03.033]

    Marshak, A., T. Várnai, and A. Kostinski. 2017. "Terrestrial glint seen from deep space: Oriented ice crystals detected from the Lagrangian point." Geophysical Research Letters Online [10.1002/2017gl073248]

    Xu, X., J. Wang, Y. Wang, et al. J. Zeng, O. Torres, Y. Yang, A. Marshak, J. Reid, and S. Miller. 2017. "Passive remote sensing of altitude and optical depth of dust plumes using the oxygen A and B bands: First results from EPIC/DSCOVR at Lagrange-1 point." Geophysical Research Letters 44 (14): 7544-7554 [10.1002/2017gl073939]

    Várnai, T., A. Marshak, and T. F. Eck. 2017. "Observation-Based Study on Aerosol Optical Depth and Particle Size in Partly Cloudy Regions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122 (18): 10,013-10,024 [10.1002/2017jd027028]

    Alexandrov, M. D., I. V. Geogdzhayev, K. Tsigaridis, et al. A. Marshak, R. Levy, and B. Cairns. 2016. "New statistical model for variability of aerosol optical thickness: Theory and application to MODIS data over ocean." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 (2): 821-837 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0130.1]

    Zhang, Z., F. Werner, H.-M. Cho, et al. G. Wind, S. Platnick, A. S. Ackerman, L. Di Girolamo, A. Marshak, and K. Meyer. 2016. "A framework based on 2-D Taylor expansion for quantifying the impacts of subpixel reflectance variance and covariance on cloud optical thickness and effective radius retrievals based on the bispectral method." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121 (12): 7007-7025 [10.1002/2016jd024837]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, P. J. McBride, et al. J. C. Chiu, Y. Knyazikhin, K. S. Schmidt, C. Flynn, E. R. Lewis, and E. W. Eloranta. 2016. "Observation of the spectrally invariant properties of clouds in cloudy-to-clear transition zones during the MAGIC field campaign." Atmospheric Research 182 294-301 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.08.004]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and R. C. Levy. 2016. "Testing the Two-Layer Model for Correcting Near Cloud Reflectance Enhancement Using LES/SHDOM Simulated Radiances ." J. Geophys. Res., Atmos. 9661–9674 [10.1002/2016JD025021]

    Knobelspiesse, K., B. Van Diedenhoven, A. Marshak, et al. S. Dunagan, B. N. Holben, and I. Slutsker. 2015. "Cloud thermodynamic phase detection with polarimetrically sensitive passive sky radiometers." Atmos. Meas. Tech 8 1537-1554 [10.5194/amt-8-1537-2015]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2015. "Effect of cloud fraction on near-cloud aerosol behavior in the MODIS atmospheric correction ocean color product." Rem. Sens 7 5283-5299 [10.3390/rs70505283]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2014. "Near-cloud aerosol properties from the 1 km resolution MODIS ocean product." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (3): 1546-1554 [10.1002/2013JD020633]

    Marshak, A., K. F. Evans, T. Varnai, and G. Wen. 2014. "Extending 3D near-cloud corrections from shorter to longer wavelengths." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 147 79-85 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.05.022]

    Yang, Y., S. P. Palm, A. Marshak, et al. D. L. Wu, H. Yu, and Q. Fu. 2014. "First satellite-detected perturbations of outgoing longwave radiation associated with blowing snow events over Antarctica." Geophys. Res. Lett 41 (2): 730-735 [10.1002/2013GL058932]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and R. Wood. 2014. "CALIPSO observations of near-cloud aerosol properties as a function of cloud fraction." Geophys. Res. Lett 41 9150-9157 [10.1002/2014GL061896]

    Yang, Y., S. P. Palm, and A. Marshak. 2014. "Properties and potential radiative impacts of Antarctic blowing snow." Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation V [10.1117/12.2068038]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, L. Remer, et al. R. Levy, N. Loeb, T. Várnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Correction of MODIS aerosol retrieval for 3D radiative effects in broken cloud fields." [10.1063/1.4804761]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Mao, A. I. Lyapustin, and J. R. Herman. 2013. "A method of retrieving cloud top height and cloud geometrical thickness with oxygen A and B bands for the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) mission: Radiative transfer simulations." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 122 141-149 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.09.017]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, A. B. Kostinski, and T. Varnai. 2013. "Shape-induced gravitational sorting of Saharan dust during transatlantic voyage: Evidence from CALIOP lidar depolarization measurements." Geophys. Res. Lett 40 (12): 3281-3286 [10.1002/grl.50603]

    Knyazikhin, Y., M. A. Schull, Y. Yang, et al. P. Stenberg, M. Mottus, M. Rautiainen, A. Marshak, P. L. Carmona, R. Kaufmann, P. Lewis, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. I. Lyapustin, and R. B. Myneni. 2013. "Reply to Ollinger et al.: Remote sensing of leaf nitrogen and emergent ecosystem properties." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (27): E2438-E2438 [10.1073/pnas.1305930110]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. C. Levy, et al. L. A. Remer, N. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R. F. Cahalan. 2013. "Improvement of MODIS aerosol retrievals near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (16): 9168-9181 [10.1002/jgrd.50617]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, Z. Wang, and C. Schaaf. 2013. "Assessment of Cloud Screening With Apparent Surface Reflectance in Support of the ICESat-2 Mission." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 51 (2): 1037-1045 [10.1109/TGRS.2012.2204066]

    Varnai, T., A. Marshak, and W. Yang. 2013. "Multi-satellite aerosol observations in the vicinity of clouds." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (8): 3899-3908 [10.5194/acp-13-3899-2013]

    Knyazikhin, Y., P. Lewis, M. I. Disney, et al. P. Stenberg, M. Mottus, M. Rautiainen, R. Kaufmann, A. Marshak, M. Schull, P. Carmona, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. Lyapustin, Y. Yanga, and R. Myneni. 2013. "Reply to Townsend et al.: Decoupling contributions from canopy structure and leaf optics is critical for remote sensing leaf biochemistry." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (12): E1075-E1075 [10.1073/pnas.1301247110]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski. 2012. "CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12 (23): 11339-11354 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-12-11339-2012]

    Yang, W., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, and Z. Liu. 2012. "Effect of CALIPSO cloud–aerosol discrimination (CAD) confidence levels on observations of aerosol properties near clouds." Atmospheric Research 116 134-141 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.03.013]

    Vogelmann, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, J. A. Ogren, et al. D. D. Turner, J. M. Comstock, G. Feingold, C. N. Long, H. Jonsson, A. Bucholtz, D. R. Collins, G. S. Diskin, H. Gerber, P. R. Lawson, R. Woods, E. Andrews, H. J. Yang, C. J. Chiu, D. Hartsock, J. M. Hubbe, C. Lo, A. Marshak, J. Monroe, S. A. McFarlane, B. Schmid, J. M. Tomlinson, and T. Toto. 2012. "Racoro Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary Layer Clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93 (6): 861-878 [10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, C. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans 113 (9): 715-720 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, C. Huang, et al. T. Varnai, R. Hogan, D. Giles, B. Holben, E. OConnor, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12 (21): 10313-10329 [10.5194/acp-12-10313-2012]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2012. "Analysis of co-located MODIS and CALIPSO observations near clouds." Atmos Meas Tech 5 (2): 389-396 [10.5194/amt-5-389-2012]

    Knyazikhin, Y., M. A. Schull, P. Stenberg, et al. M. Mõttus, A. Marshak, P. L. Carmona, R. K. Kaufmann, P. Lewis, M. I. Disney, V. Vanderbilt, A. B. Davis, F. Baret, S. Jacquemoud, A. I. Lyapustin, and R. B. Myneni. 2012. "Hyperspectral remote sensing of foliar nitrogen content." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (3): E185-E192 [10.1073/pnas.1210196109]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, T. Varnai, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2011. "Cloud Impact on Surface Altimetry From a Spaceborne 532-nm Micropulse Photon-Counting Lidar: System Modeling for Cloudy and Clear Atmospheres." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 49 (12): 4910-4919 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153860]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2011. "Spectrally Invariant Approximation within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer." J Atmos Sci 68 (12): 3094-3111 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2011. "Global CALIPSO Observations of Aerosol Changes Near Clouds." IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 8 (1): 19-23 [10.1109/LGRS.2010.2049982]

    Palm, S. P., Y. Yang, J. D. Spinhirne, and A. Marshak. 2011. "Satellite remote sensing of blowing snow properties over Antarctica." Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (D16): D16123 [10.1029/2011jd015828]

    Korkin, S. V., A. I. Lyapustin, and A. Marshak. 2011. "On the accuracy of double scattering approximation for atmospheric polarization computations." J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Trans 113 (2): 172-181 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.10.008]

    Abdalati, W., H. J. Zwally, R. A. Bindschadler, et al. B. Csatho, S. L. Farrell, H. Fricker, D. Harding, R. Kwok, M. Lefsky, T. Markus, A. Marshak, T. A. Neumann, S. Palm, B. Schutz, B. Smith, and C. Spinhirne. 2010. "The ICESat-2 Laser Altimetry Mission." Proc. IEEE 98 (5): 735-751 [10.1109/JPROC.2009.2034765]

    Alexandrov, M., A. Marshak, and A. S. Ackerman. 2010. "Cellular Statistical Models of Broken Cloud Fields. Part I: Theory." J Atmos Sci 67 (7): 2125-2151 [10.1175/2010JAS3364.1]

    Lyapustin, A., C. Gatebe, R. Kahn, et al. R. Brandt, J. Redemann, P. Russell, M. King, C. Pedersen, S. Gerland, R. Poudyal, A. Marshak, Y. Wang, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and A. Kokhanovsky. 2010. "Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS Spring-2008 Campaign." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (9): 4359-4375 [10.5194/acp-10-4359-2010]

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2010. "Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts." Rep. Prog. Phys. 73 (2): 026801 [10.1088/0034-4885/73/2/026801]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Yang. 2010. "Uncertainties in Ice-Sheet Altimetry From a Spaceborne 1064-nm Single-Channel Lidar Due to Undetected Thin Clouds." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 48 (1): 250-259 [10.1109/TGRS.2009.2028335]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2010. "Spectrally-invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (22): 11295-11303 [10.5194/acp-10-11295-2010]

    Alexandrov, M., A. Ackerman, and A. Marshak. 2010. "Cellular Statistical Models of Broken Cloud Fields. Part II: Comparison with a Dynamical Model and Statistics of Diverse Ensembles." J Atmos Sci 67 (7): 2152-2170 [10.1175/2010JAS3365.1]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, P. Pilewskie, and W. Wiscombe. 2009. "Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (4): 1419-1430 [10.5194/acp-9-1419-2009]

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2009. "A Simple Stochastic Model for Generating Broken Cloud Optical Depth and Cloud-Top Height Fields." J Atmos Sci 66 (1): 92-104 [10.1175/2008JAS2699.1]

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2009. "MODIS observations of enhanced clear sky reflectance near clouds." Geophys. Res. Lett. 36 (6): L06807 [10.1029/2008GL037089]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "Importance of molecular Rayleigh scattering in the enhancement of clear sky radiance in the vicinity of boundary layer cumulus clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 113 [10.1029/2008JD010592]

    Marshak, A., G. Wen, J. Coakley, et al. L. Remer, N. Loeb, and R. F. Cahalan. 2008. "A simple model for the cloud adjacency effect and the apparent bluing of aerosols near clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 113 [10.1029/2007JD009196]

    Evans, K., A. Marshak, and T. Varnai. 2008. "The Potential for Improved Boundary Layer Cloud Optical Depth Retrievals from the Multiple Directions of MISR." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 65 (10): 3179-3196 [10.1175/2008JAS2627.1]

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2008. "Simulation of vector semibinary homogeneous random fields and modeling of broken clouds." Numeric Anal Appl 1 (3): 285-292 [10.1134/S1995423908030099]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Chiu, et al. W. Wiscombe, S. Palm, A. Davis, D. Spangenberg, L. Nguyen, J. Spinhirne, and P. Minnis. 2008. "Retrievals of Thick Cloud Optical Depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by Calibration of Solar Background Signal." J. Atmos. Sci. 65 (11): 3513-3526 [10.1175/2008JAS2744.1]

    Zinner, T., A. Marshak, S. Lang, J. Martins, and B. Mayer. 2008. "Remote sensing of cloud sides of deep convection: towards a three-dimensional retrieval of cloud particle size profiles." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 (16): 4741-4757 [10.5194/acp-8-4741-2008]

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, L. Remer, and R. G. Kleidman. 2007. "3D aerosol-cloud radiative interaction observed in collocated MODIS and ASTER images of cumulus cloud fields." J. Geophys. Res. 112 [10.1029/2005JD006686 ]

    Vant-Hull, B., A. Marshak, L. Remer, and Z. Li. 2007. "The effects of scattering angle and cumulus cloud geometry on satellite retrievals of cloud drop effective radius." Geosci Rem Sens Lett 45 (4): 1039-1045

    Martins, J., A. Marshak, L. Remer, et al. D. Rosenfeld, Y. Kaufman, R. Fernandez-Borda, I. Koren, V. Zubko, and P. Artaxo. 2007. "Remote sensing the vertical profile of cloud droplet effective radius thermodynamic phase and temperature." Atmos Chem Phys Disc 7 4481-4519

    Turner, D., A. Vogelmann, R. Austin, et al. J. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, J. Chiu, S. Clough, C. Flynn, M. Khaiyer, J. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C. Long, A. Marshak, S. Matrosov, S. McFarlane, M. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 88 177-190

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2007. "View angle dependence of cloud optical thicknesses retrieved by Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D6): D06203 [10.1029/2005JD006912]

    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Valencia, and E. J. Welton. 2007. "Cloud optical depth retrievals from solar background "signal" of micropulse lidars." IEEE Geo Rem Sens 4 (3): 456-460 [10.1109/LGRS.2007.896722]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, et al. T. Varnai, A. B. Davis, and A. Macke. 2006. "New directions in the radiative transfer of cloudy atmospheres." Eos Trans. AGU 87 (5): 52 [10.1029/2006EO050006]

    Marshak, A., J. Martins, V. Zubko, and Y. Kaufman. 2006. "What does reflection from cloud sides tell us about vertical distribution of cloud droplet sizes?" Atmos Chem and Phys 6 5295-5305

    Wen, G., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of 3D Clouds on Clear Sky Reflectance and Aerosol Retrieval in a Biomass Burning Region of Brazil." IEEE Geo Rem Sens Lett 3 169-172 [10.1109/LGRS.2005.861386]

    Marshak, A., S. E. Platnick, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and R. F. Cahalan. 2006. "Impact of three-dimensional radiative effects on satellite retrievals of cloud droplet sizes." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09207 [10.1029/2005JD006686]

    Zhuravleva, T., and A. Marshak. 2005. "On the validation of the Poisson model of broken clouds." Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics 6 783-797

    Marshak, A., K. Yu, M. Larsen, and W. Wiscombe. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Empirical models for drop-size-dependent clustering in clouds." J Atmos Sci 62 551-558

    Prigarin, S., and A. Marshak. 2005. "Numerical model of broken clouds adapted to observations." Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics 18 236-242

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, M. Larsen, et al. W. Wiscombe, J. Martonchik, and R. Myneni. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Impact on estimation of cloud optical properties." J Atmos Sci 62 2555-2567

    Cahalan, R., L. Oreopoulos, A. Marshak, et al. K. Evans, A. Davis, R. Pincus, K. Yetzer, B. Mayer, R. Davies, T. Ackerman, H. Barker, E. Clothiaux, R. Ellingson, M. Garay, E. Kassianov, S. Kinne, O. Macke, O. Macke, O. Macke, P. Partain, S. Prigarin, A. Rublev, G. Stephens, F. Szczap, E. Takara, T. Varnai, G. Wen, and T. Zhuravleva. 2005. "The International Intercomparison of 3D Radiation Codes (I3RC): Bringing together the most advanced radiative transfer tools for cloudy atmospheres." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 86 (9): 1275-1293 [10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1275]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci 61 1024-1039.

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. Evans, and W. Wiscombe. 2004. "The 'RED versus NIR' plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci 61 1911-1925

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2004. "Photon propagation in heterogeneous optical media with spatial correlations: Enhanced mean-free-paths and wider-than-exponential free-path distribution." J Quant Spectr and Rad Trans 84 3-34

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, and R. Cahalan. 2003. "Consistency of ARESE II cloud absorption estimates and sampling issues." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D1): 4029 [10.1029/2002JD002243]

    Marshak, A. 2003. "An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation (second edition) Book Review." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 84 (6): 799-801

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Observations of three-dimensional radiative effects that influence satellite retrievals of cloud properties." Quart Jour of Hungarian Meteor Service (Idojaras) 106 265-278

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Observations of three-dimensional radiative effects that influence MODIS cloud optical thickness retrievals." J Atmos Sci 59 1607-1618

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2002. "Space-time characteristics of light transmitted through dense clouds: A Green's Function Analysis." J Atmos Sci 59 2713-2727

    Barker, H., A. Marshak, W. Szyrmer, A. Trishchenko, and J. Blanchet. 2002. "Inference of cloud optical properties from aircraft-based solar radiometric measurements." J Atmos Sci 59 2093-2111

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, J. Martonchick, and R. Myneni. 2002. "A missing solution to the transport equation and its effect on estimation of cloud absorptive properties." J Atmos Sci 59 (24): 3572-3585 [10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<3572:AMSTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., R. F. Cahalan, and A. Marshak. 2001. "Green functions for multiple scattering as mathematical tools for dense cloud remote sensing: theory, with passive and active applications, in Laser Radar Technology and Applications VI."

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Statistical analysis of the uncertainties in cloud optical depth retrievals caused by three-dimensional radiative effects." J Atmos Sci 58 1540-1548

    Gerber, H., J. Jensen, A. Davis, A. Marshak, and W. Wiscombe. 2001. "Spectral density of cloud liquid water content at high frequencies." J Atmos Sci 58 497-503

    Davis, A., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Multiple scattering in clouds: Insights from three-dimensional diffusion theory." Nuclear Sci and Engin 137 251-280

    Barker, H., and A. Marshak. 2001. "Inferring optical depth of broken clouds above green vegetation using surface solar radiometric measurements." J Atmos Sci 58 2989-3006

    Cahalan, R. F., L. Oreopoulos, G. Wen, et al. A. Marshak, S.-C. Tsay, and T. DeFelice. 2001. "Cloud characterization and clear sky correction from Landsat 7." Remote Sens Environ 78 (1-2): 83-98 [10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00251-6]

    Knyazikhin, Y., and A. Marshak. 2000. "Mathematical aspects of BRDF modeling: Adjoint problem and Greens function." Remote Sens Rev 18 263-280

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Pilewskie. 2000. "Cloud-vegetation interaction: Use of normalized difference cloud index for estimation of cloud optical thickness." Geophys Res Lett 27 (12): 1695-1698 [10.1029/1999GL010993]

    Oreopoulos, L., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and G. Wen. 2000. "Cloud three-dimensional effects evidenced in Landsat spatial power spectra and autocorrelation functions." J Geophys Res 105 (D11): 14777-14788 [10.1029/2000JD900153]

    Oreopoulos, L., R. F. Cahalan, A. Marshak, and G. Wen. 2000. "A new normalized difference cloud retrieval technique applied to Landsat radiances over the Oklahoma ARM Site." J Appl Meteor 39 (12): 2305-2320 [10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<2305:ANNDCR>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc. 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett. 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Insight into three-dimensional radiation transport from diffusion theory, application to the cloudy atmosphere, in Radiative Transfer." [10.1615/ICHMT.1997.IntSymLiqTwoPhaseFlowTranspPhen]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 103 19557-19567 [10.1029/98JD01728]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36 [10.1109/36.655329]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate 11 431-446 [10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0431:BISCAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Evidence for net horizontal radiative fluxes in marine stratocumulus, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Davis, A. B., D. Winker, A. Marshak, et al. J. Spinhirne, R. F. Cahalan, S. Love, H. Melfi, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Retrieval of physical and optical cloud thicknesses from space-borne and wide-angle lidar, in Advances inn Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar." [10.1007/978-3-642-60612-0]

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Physical simulation of high resolution satellite images for fractal cloud models, in Fractal Frontiers."

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The effect of horizontal fluxes on cloud absorption estimates based on simulated two-aircraft measurements of fractal clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation for computing radiation fields of inhomogeneous clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Cahalan, R. F., A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, D. S. Silberstein, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Cloud Macrostructure and Radiation, in Remote Sensing: A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development." [10.1109/IGARSS.1997.608888]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 54 1423-1444 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<1423:SIILWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res. 102 16619-16637 [10.1029/97JD01153]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res. 54 241-260 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0241:TLSBIS>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals 5 129-166

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Multifractal characterizations of intermittency in nonstationary geophysical signals and fields, in Nonstationary Random Processes and Their Applications."

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1538-1558 [10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1538:SIOLWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 100 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Myneni, R. B., F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, and A. Marshak. 1995. "The interpretation of spectral vegetation indexes." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 33 (2): 481-486 [10.1109/36.377948]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev. E49 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res. 99 8055-8072 [10.1029/94JD00219]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals 3 702-710

    Antyufeev, V. S., and A. Marshak. 1989. "Monte Carlo method application to solution of the radiative transfer equation for a plane layer of vegetation." Soviet J. of Atmos. Opt. (Russian) 1206-1212

    Marshak, A. 1989. "On the connection between the First Point of Quadrature Formulae and the convergence rate of the Discrete Ordinates Method." USSR Comput. Maths. Math. Phys. (Russian translated into English 29 5 1-8 1991) 1267-1276

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1989. "Estimation of the influence of leaf orientation and the specular component on the vegetation phase function." Soviet J. of Atmos. Opt.(Russian) 76-85

    Ross, J. K., and A. Marshak. 1989. "The influence of leaf orientation and the specular component of leaf reflectance on the canopy bidirectional reflectance." Remote Sens. Environ. 251-260

    Marshak, A. 1989. "Effect of the hot spot on the Transport Equation in plant canopies." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans. 42 (6): 615-630 [10.1016/0022-4073(89)90055-1]

    Ross, J. K., and A. Marshak. 1988. "Calculation of canopy bidirectional reflectance using the Monte Carlo method." Remote Sens. Environ. 24 (3): 213-225 [10.1016/0034-4257(88)90026-0]

    Marshak, A. 1987. "On the restitution of the optical parameters of the canopy using the data of spectral brightness coefficient by the Monte Carlo method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 289-293

    Marshak, A. 1987. "A remark on the approximation of the exponential integrals." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 55-57

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1987. "Estimation of the influence of the canopy architecture parameters on the bidirectional reflectance by means of the Monte Carlo method." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English) 86-93

    Ross, J., and A. L. Marshak. 1987. "Monte Carlo determination of spectral radiance of the vegetation cover as a function of illumination conditions." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English 7 4 726-739 1990) 96-105

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "One estimate of the accuracy of the approximation the exponential integral by the quadrature rules." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 249-257

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "A remark on the Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature rule." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 338-340

    Marshak, A. L. 1986. "The nonstandard form of the error for quadrature rules with strongly nonuniform position of quadrature points." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 390-399

    Marshak, A. L. 1985. "On the solution of the Transport Equation with periodic boundary conditions by the Method of Discrete Ordinates." Transport Theory Statis. Phys. 323-351

    Ross, J. K., and A. L. Marshak. 1984. "Calculation of the solar radiation reflection function from plant cover using Monte Carlo method." Soviet J. of Remote Sens. (Russian translated into English 7 2 346-360 1990) 58-67

    Marshak, A. L. 1982. "On the approximation of the exponential integral by quadrature formulae." USSR Comput. Maths. Math. Phys. (Russian translated into English) 1044-1051

    Marshak, A. L. 1981. "On the solution of the Transport Equation in a heterogeneous medium by the Discrete Ordinates Method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 190-201

    Marshak, A. L. 1981. "On the solution of the Transport Equation in spherical geometry by the Discrete Ordinates Method." Trans. of Estonian Academy of Sci. Phys.-Math. (Russian) 364-375

    Marshak, A. L. 1979. "On the rate of convergence of the Discrete Ordinates Method in case of Gauss Quadrature Rule." Trans. of Tartu Univ. (Russian) 92-104

    Vainikko, G. M., and A. Marshak. 1978. "On the convergence rate of the Method of Discrete Ordinates in the radiation transport theory." Izv. VUZov Math. (Russian) 11-21

    Varnai, T., and A. Marshak. . "Effect of cloud fraction on near-cloud aerosol behavior in the MODIS atmospheric correction ocean color product." Remote Sensing (In Press)

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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