Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Steven B Charnley

((AST, SOLAR SYSTEMS ANALYSIS))

 steven.b.charnley@nasa.gov

 301.286.9706

Org Code: 691

NASA/GSFC
Mail Code: 691
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Employer: NASA

Selected Publications


Refereed

Roth, N. X., S. N. Milam, M. A. DiSanti, et al. G. L. Villanueva, S. Faggi, B. P. Bonev, M. A. Cordiner, A. J. Remijan, D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, J. Crovisier, D. C. Lis, S. B. Charnley, E. Jehin, E. S. Wirström, and A. J. McKay. 2023. Molecular Outgassing in Centaur 29P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 1 during Its Exceptional 2021 Outburst: Coordinated Multiwavelength Observations Using nFLASH at APEX and iSHELL at the NASA-IRTF The Planetary Science Journal 4 (9): 172 [10.3847/psj/ace1e9]

Cordiner, M. A., N. X. Roth, S. N. Milam, et al. G. L. Villanueva, D. Bockelée-Morvan, A. J. Remijan, S. B. Charnley, N. Biver, D. C. Lis, C. Qi, B. P. Bonev, J. Crovisier, and J. Boissier. 2023. Gas Sources from the Coma and Nucleus of Comet 46P/Wirtanen Observed Using ALMA The Astrophysical Journal 953 (1): 59 [10.3847/1538-4357/ace0bc]

Thelen, A. E., C. A. Nixon, R. G. Cosentino, et al. M. A. Cordiner, N. A. Teanby, C. E. Newman, P. G. Irwin, and S. B. Charnley. 2022. Variability in Titan’s Mesospheric HCN and Temperature Structure as Observed by ALMA The Planetary Science Journal 3 (6): 146 [10.3847/psj/ac7050]

Roth, N., S. N. Milam, M. A. Cordiner, et al. D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, J. Boissier, D. C. Lis, A. J. Remijan, and S. B. Charnley. 2021. Leveraging the ALMA Atacama Compact Array for Cometary Science: An Interferometric Survey of Comet C/2015 ER61 (PanSTARRS) and Evidence for a Distributed Source of Carbon Monosulfide ApJ 921 14 [https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac0441]

Villanueva, G. L., M. Cordiner, P. G. Irwin, et al. I. de Pater, B. Butler, M. Gurwell, S. N. Milam, C. A. Nixon, S. H. Luszcz-Cook, C. F. Wilson, V. Kofman, G. Liuzzi, S. Faggi, T. J. Fauchez, M. Lippi, R. Cosentino, A. E. Thelen, A. Moullet, P. Hartogh, E. M. Molter, S. Charnley, G. N. Arney, A. M. Mandell, N. Biver, A. C. Vandaele, K. R. de Kleer, and R. Kopparapu. 2021. No evidence of phosphine in the atmosphere of Venus from independent analyses Nature Astronomy 5 (7): 631-635 [10.1038/s41550-021-01422-z]

Dufour, G., and S. B. Charnley. 2021. New Bistable Solutions in Molecular Cloud Chemistry: Nitrogen and Carbon Autocatalysis The Astrophysical Journal 909 (2): 171 [10.3847/1538-4357/abe1c6]

Cordiner, M. A., E. Garcia-Berrios, R. G. Cosentino, et al. N. A. Teanby, C. E. Newman, C. A. Nixon, A. E. Thelen, and S. B. Charnley. 2020. Detection of Dynamical Instability in Titan’s Thermospheric Jet The Astrophysical Journal 904 (1): L12 [10.3847/2041-8213/abc688]

Thelen, A. E., M. A. Cordiner, C. A. Nixon, et al. V. Vuitton, Z. Kisiel, S. B. Charnley, M. Y. Palmer, N. A. Teanby, and P. G. Irwin. 2020. Detection of CH3C3N in Titan’s Atmosphere The Astrophysical Journal 903 (1): L22 [10.3847/2041-8213/abc1e1]

Nixon, C. A., A. E. Thelen, M. A. Cordiner, et al. Z. Kisiel, S. B. Charnley, E. M. Molter, J. Serigano, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, and Y.-J. Kuan. 2020. Detection of Cyclopropenylidene on Titan with ALMA The Astronomical Journal 160 205 [10.3847/1538-3881/abb679]

Thelen, A. E., M. A. Cordiner, C. A. Nixon, et al. V. Vuitton, Z. Kisiel, S. B. Charnley, M. Y. Palmer, N. A. Teanby, and P. G. Irwin. 2020. Detection of CH3C3N in Titan's Atmosphere The Astrophysical Journal Letters

Kisiel, Z., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, A. E. Thelen, and S. B. Charnley. 2020. Propionitrile in the two lowest excited vibrational states in the laboratory and on Titan Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 372 111324 [10.1016/j.jms.2020.111324]

Dufour, G., and S. B. Charnley. 2019. Astrochemical Bistability: Autocatalysis in Oxygen Chemistry The Astrophysical Journal 887 (1): 67 [10.3847/1538-4357/ab4e9c]

Sewiło, M., S. B. Charnley, P. Schilke, et al. V. Taquet, J. M. Oliveira, T. Shimonishi, E. Wirström, R. Indebetouw, J. L. Ward, J. T. van Loon, J. Wiseman, S. Zahorecz, T. Onishi, A. Kawamura, C.-H. R. Chen, Y. Fukui, and R. Hamedani Golshan. 2019. Complex Organic Molecules in Star-Forming Regions of the Magellanic Clouds ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 3 (10): 2088-2109 [10.1021/acsearthspacechem.9b00065]

Cordiner, M. A., N. A. Teanby, C. A. Nixon, et al. V. Vuitton, A. E. Thelen, and S. B. Charnley. 2019. ALMA Spectral Imaging of Titan Contemporaneous with Cassini's Grand Finale The Astronomical Journal 158 (2): 76 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab2d20]

Thelen, A. E., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, et al. S. B. Charnley, P. G. Irwin, and Z. Kisiel. 2019. Measurement of CH3D on Titan at Submillimeter Wavelengths The Astronomical Journal 157 (6): 219 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab19bb]

Cordiner, M. A., H. Linnartz, N. L. Cox, et al. J. Cami, F. Najarro, C. R. Proffitt, R. Lallement, P. Ehrenfreund, B. H. Foing, T. R. Gull, P. J. Sarre, and S. B. Charnley. 2019. Confirming Interstellar C60 + Using the Hubble Space Telescope The Astrophysical Journal 875 (2): L28 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab14e5]

Thelen, A. E., C. Nixon, N. Chanover, et al. M. Cordiner, E. Molter, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, J. Serigano, and S. Charnley. 2019. Abundance measurements of Titan’s stratospheric HCN, HC3N, C3H4, and CH3CN from ALMA observations Icarus 319 417-432 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.09.023]

Thelen, A. E., C. Nixon, N. Chanover, et al. E. Molter, M. Cordiner, R. Achterberg, J. Serigano, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, and S. Charnley. 2018. Spatial variations in Titan’s atmospheric temperature: ALMA and Cassini comparisons from 2012 to 2015 Icarus 307 380-390 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.042]

Teanby, N. A., M. A. Cordiner, C. A. Nixon, et al. P. G. Irwin, S. M. Hörst, M. Sylvestre, J. Serigano, A. E. Thelen, A. M. Richards, and S. B. Charnley. 2018. The Origin of Titan’s External Oxygen: Further Constraints from ALMA Upper Limits on CS and CH2NH The Astronomical Journal 155 (6): 251 [10.3847/1538-3881/aac172]

Cordiner, M. A., C. A. Nixon, S. B. Charnley, et al. N. A. Teanby, E. M. Molter, Z. Kisiel, and V. Vuitton. 2018. Interferometric Imaging of Titan’s HC3N, H13CCCN, and HCCC15N The Astrophysical Journal 859 (1): L15 [10.3847/2041-8213/aac38d]

Sewilo, M., R. Indebetouw, S. B. Charnley, et al. S. Zahorecz, J. M. Oliveira, J. T. van Loon, J. L. Ward, C.-H. Chen, J. Wiseman, Y. Fukui, A. Kawamura, M. Meixner, T. Onishi, and P. Schilke. 2018. The Detection of Hot Cores and Complex Organic Molecules in the Large Magellanic Cloud Astrophysical Journal Letters 853 (2): L19 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaa079]

Sewilo, M., J. Wiseman, R. Indebetouw, et al. S. B. Charnley, J. E. Pineda, J. E. Lindberg, and S.-L. Qin. 2017. Very Large Array Ammonia Observations of the HH 111/HH 121 Protostellar System: A Detection of a New Source with a Peculiar Chemistry The Astrophysical Journal 849 (1): 68 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa8b18]

Lai, J.-Y., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, E. Molter, N. Teanby, M. Palmer, S. Charnley, J. Lindberg, Z. Kisiel, M. Mumma, and P. Irwin. 2017. Mapping Vinyl Cyanide and Other Nitriles in Titan's Atmosphere Using ALMA The Astronomical Journal 154 206 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa8eef]

de Val-Borro, M., S. N. Milam, M. A. Cordiner, et al. S. B. Charnley, I. M. Coulson, A. J. Remijan, and G. L. Villanueva. 2017. Measuring molecular abundances in comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) using the APEX telescope Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 474 (1): 1099-1107 [10.1093/mnras/stx2802]

Palmer, M., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. S. Charnley, N. Teanby, Z. Kisiel, P. Irwin, and M. Mumma. 2017. ALMA detection and astrobiological potential of vinyl cyanide on Titan Science Advances 3 e1700022 [10.1126/sciadv.1700022]

Cordiner, M. A., N. L. Cox, R. Lallement, et al. F. Najarro, J. Cami, T. R. Gull, B. H. Foing, H. Linnartz, D. J. Lindler, C. R. Proffitt, P. J. Sarre, and S. B. Charnley. 2017. Searching for Interstellar C60+ Using a New Method for High Signal-to-noise HST/STIS Spectroscopy The Astrophysical Journal 843 (1): L2 [10.3847/2041-8213/aa78f7]

Cordiner, M. A., J. Boissier, S. B. Charnley, et al. A. J. Remijan, M. J. Mumma, G. Villanueva, D. C. Lis, S. N. Milam, L. Paganini, J. Crovisier, D. Bockelee-Morvan, Y.-J. Kuan, N. Biver, and I. M. Coulson. 2017. ALMA Mapping of Rapid Gas and Dust Variations in Comet C/2012 S1 (ISON):New Insights into the Origin of Cometary HNC The Astrophysical Journal 838 (2): 147 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6590]

Coulson, I. M., M. A. Cordiner, Y.-J. Kuan, et al. W.-L. Tseng, Y.-L. Chuang, Z.-Y. Lin, S. N. Milam, S. B. Charnley, and W.-H. Ip. 2017. JCMT Spectral and Continuum Imaging of Comet 252P/LINEAR The Astronomical Journal 153 (4): 169 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa6440]

Cordiner, M. A., N. Biver, J. Crovisier, et al. D. Bockelée-Morvan, M. J. Mumma, S. B. Charnley, G. Villanueva, L. Paganini, D. C. Lis, S. N. Milam, A. J. Remijan, I. M. Coulson, Y.-J. Kuan, and J. Boissier. 2017. Thermal Physics of the Inner Coma: ALMA Studies of the Methanol Distribution and Excitation in Comet C/2012 K1 (PanSTARRS) The Astrophysical Journal 837 (2): 177 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6211]

Aponte, J. C., J. E. Elsila, D. P. Glavin, et al. S. N. Milam, S. B. Charnley, and J. P. Dworkin. 2017. Pathways to Meteoritic Glycine and Methylamine ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 1 (1): 3-13 [10.1021/acsearthspacechem.6b00014]

Lindberg, J. E., S. B. Charnley, J. K. Jørgensen, M. A. Cordiner, and P. Bjerkeli. 2017. EXTERNALLY HEATED PROTOSTELLAR CORES IN THE OPHIUCHUS STAR-FORMING REGION The Astrophysical Journal 835 (1): 3 [10.3847/1538-4357/835/1/3]

Lindberg, J. E., S. B. Charnley, and M. A. Cordiner. 2016. ON THE ORIGIN OF C4H AND CH3OH IN PROTOSTELLAR ENVELOPES The Astrophysical Journal 833 (1): L14 [10.3847/2041-8213/833/1/l14]

Keane, J. V., S. N. Milam, I. M. Coulson, et al. J. T. Kleyna, Z. Sekanina, R. Kracht, T.-E. Riesen, K. J. Meech, and S. B. Charnley. 2016. Catastrophic Disruption of Comet ISON The Astrophysical Journal 831 (2): 207

Wirström, E. S., S. B. Charnley, M. A. Cordiner, and C. Ceccarelli. 2016. A Search for O2 in CO-depleted Molecular Cloud Cores with Herschel The Astrophysical Journal 830 (2): 102 [10.3847/0004-637x/830/2/102]

Cordiner, M. A., A. C. Boogert, S. B. Charnley, et al. K. Justtanont, N. L. Cox, R. G. Smith, A. G. Tielens, E. S. Wirström, S. N. Milam, and J. V. Keane. 2016. On the nature of the enigmatic object IRAS 19312+1950: “A rare phase of massive star formation? The Astrophysical Journal 828 (1): 51 [10.3847/0004-637x/828/1/51]

Molter, E. M., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, et al. J. Serigano, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, S. B. Charnley, and J. E. Lindberg. 2016. ALMA OBSERVATIONS OF HCN AND ITS ISOTOPOLOGUES ON TITAN The Astronomical Journal 152 (2): 42 [10.3847/0004-6256/152/2/42]

Serigano, J., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, et al. P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, S. B. Charnley, and J. E. Lindberg. 2016. Isotopic ratios of carbon and oxygen in Titan's CO using ALMA The Astrophysical Journal 821 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8205/821/1/l8]

Cordiner, M. A., S. B. Charnley, M. J. Mumma, et al. D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, G. Villanueva, L. Paganini, S. N. Milam, A. J. Remijan, D. C. Lis, J. Crovisier, J. Boissier, Y.-J. Kuan, and I. M. Coulson. 2015. Measuring the Distribution and Excitation of Cometary CH3OH Using ALMA Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 11 (A29A): 233-236 [10.1017/s1743921316002957]

Wirström, E. S., G. Adande, S. N. Milam, S. B. Charnley, and M. A. Cordiner. 2015. 15N fractionation in star-forming regions and Solar System objects Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 11 (A29A): 271-274 [10.1017/s1743921316003033]

Cochran, A. L., A.-C. Levasseur-Regourd, M. Cordiner, et al. E. Hadamcik, J. Lasue, A. Gicquel, D. G. Schleicher, S. B. Charnley, M. J. Mumma, L. Paganini, D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, and Y.-J. Kuan. 2015. The Composition of Comets Space Sci Rev 197 (1-4): 9-46 [10.1007/s11214-015-0183-6]

Willacy, K., C. Alexander, M. Ali-Dib, et al. C. Ceccarelli, S. B. Charnley, M. Doronin, Y. Ellinger, P. Gast, E. Gibb, S. N. Milam, O. Mousis, F. Pauzat, C. Tornow, E. S. Wirström, and E. Zicler. 2015. The Composition of the Protosolar Disk and the Formation Conditions for Comets Space Science Reviews 197 (1-4): 151-190 [10.1007/s11214-015-0167-6]

Gicquel, A., S. N. Milam, I. M. Coulson, et al. G. L. Villanueva, M. A. Cordiner, S. B. Charnley, M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and S. Szutowicz. 2015. THE EVOLUTION OF VOLATILE PRODUCTION IN COMET C/2009 P1 (GARRADD) DURING ITS 2011–2012 APPARITION The Astrophysical Journal 807 (1): 19 [10.1088/0004-637x/807/1/19]

Bockelée-Morvan, D., U. Calmonte, S. Charnley, et al. J. Duprat, C. Engrand, A. Gicquel, M. Hässig, E. Jehin, H. Kawakita, B. Marty, S. Milam, A. Morse, P. Rousselot, S. Sheridan, and E. Wirström. 2015. Cometary Isotopic Measurements Space Science Reviews 197 (1-4): 47-83 [10.1007/s11214-015-0156-9]

Cordiner, M. A., A. J. Remijan, J. Boissier, et al. S. N. Milam, M. J. Mumma, S. B. Charnley, L. Paganini, G. Villanueva, D. Bockelee-Morvan, Y.-J. Kuan, Y.-L. Chuang, D. C. Lis, N. Biver, J. Crovisier, D. Minniti, and I. M. Coulson. 2014. ERRATUM: “MAPPING THE RELEASE OF VOLATILES IN THE INNER COMAE OF COMETS C/2012 F6 (LEMMON) AND C/2012 S1 (ISON) USING THE ATACAMA LARGE MILLIMETER/SUBMILLIMETER ARRAY” (2014, ApJ, 792, L2) The Astrophysical Journal 797 (1): L11 [10.1088/2041-8205/797/1/l11]

Gicquel, A., S. N. Milam, G. L. Villanueva, et al. A. J. Remijan, I. M. Coulson, Y.-L. Chuang, S. B. Charnley, M. A. Cordiner, and Y.-J. Kuan. 2014. GROUND-BASED MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF COMET 103P/HARTLEY 2 The Astrophysical Journal 794 (1): 1 [10.1088/0004-637x/794/1/1]

Taquet, V., S. B. Charnley, and O. Sipila. 2014. Multilayer Formation and Evaporation of Deuterated Ices in Prestellar and Protostellar Cores The Astrophysical Journal 791:1 20 [10.1088/0004-637X/791/1/1]

Aponte, J. C., R. Tarozo, M. R. Alexandre, et al. C. M. Alexander, S. B. Charnley, C. Hallmann, R. E. Summons, and Y. Huang. 2014. Chirality of meteoritic free and IOM-derived monocarboxylic acids and implications for prebiotic organic synthesis Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 131 1-12 [10.1016/j.gca.2014.01.035]

Bockelée-Morvan, D., N. Biver, J. Crovisier, et al. D. C. Lis, P. Hartogh, R. Moreno, M. de Val-Borro, G. A. Blake, S. Szutowicz, J. Boissier, J. Cernicharo, S. B. Charnley, M. Combi, M. A. Cordiner, T. de Graauw, P. Encrenaz, C. Jarchow, M. Kidger, M. Küppers, S. N. Milam, H. S. Müller, T. G. Phillips, and M. Rengel. 2014. Searches for HCl and HF in comets 103P/Hartley 2 and C/2009 P1 (Garradd) with theHerschelSpace Observatory Astronomy & Astrophysics 562 A5 [10.1051/0004-6361/201322939]

Cordiner, M. A., and S. B. Charnley. 2014. Negative ion chemistry in the coma of comet 1P/Halley Meteoritics and Planetary Science 49 21

Cordiner, M. A., J. V. Buckle, E. S. Wirstroem, A. O. Olofsson, and S. B. Charnley. 2013. On the ubiquity of molecular anions in the dense interstellar medium ApJ 770 48

Cordiner, M. A., and S. B. Charnley. 2012. Gas-grain chemical models for interstellar carbon chain anions ApJ 749 120

Cordiner, M. A., S. B. Charnley, E. S. Wirstroem, and R. G. Smith. 2012. Organic chemistry of low-mass star-forming cores I: 7 mm spectroscopy of Chamaeleon MMS1 ApJ 744 131

Wirstroem, E. S., S. B. Charnley, M. A. Cordiner, and S. N. Milam. 2012. Isotopic Anomalies in Primitive Solar System Matter: Spin-state-dependent Fractionation of Nitrogen and Deuterium in Interstellar Clouds ApJ 757 L11

Elsila, J., S. B. Charnley, A. S. Burton, D. P. Glavin, and J. P. Dworkin. 2012. Compound-specific carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen isotopic ratios for amino acids in CM and CR chondrites and their use in evaluating potential formation pathways Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (9): 1517–1536 [10.1111/j.1945-5100.2012.01415.x]

Meech, K. J., M. F. A’Hearn, J. A. Adams, et al. P. Bacci, J. Bai, L. Barrera, M. Battelino, J. M. Bauer, E. Becklin, B. Bhatt, N. Biver, D. Bockelée-Morvan, D. Bodewits, H. Böhnhardt, J. Boissier, B. P. Bonev, W. Borghini, J. R. Brucato, E. Bryssinck, M. W. Buie, H. Canovas, D. Castellano, S. B. Charnley, W. P. Chen, P. Chiang, Y.-J. Choi, D. J. Christian, Y.-L. Chuang, A. L. Cochran, P. Colom, M. R. Combi, I. M. Coulson, J. Crovisier, N. Dello Russo, K. Dennerl, K. DeWahl, M. A. DiSanti, M. Facchini, T. L. Farnham, Y. Fernández, H. G. Florén, U. Frisk, T. Fujiyoshi, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, G. Galli, D. A. García-Hernández, A. Gersch, Z. Getu, E. L. Gibb, M. Gillon, E. Guido, R. A. Guillermo, E. Hadamcik, O. Hainaut, H. B. Hammel, D. E. Harker, J. K. Harmon, W. M. Harris, P. Hartogh, M. Hashimoto, B. Häusler, T. Herter, A. Hjalmarson, S. T. Holland, M. Honda, S. Hosseini, E. S. Howell, N. Howes, H. H. Hsieh, H.-Y. Hsiao, D. Hutsemékers, S. M. Immler, W. M. Jackson, S. V. Jeffers, E. Jehin, T. J. Jones, M. de Juan Ovelar, H. M. Kaluna, T. Karlsson, H. Kawakita, J. V. Keane, L. D. Keller, M. S. Kelley, D. Kinoshita, N. N. Kiselev, J. Kleyna, M. M. Knight, H. Kobayashi, H. A. Kobulnicky, L. Kolokolova, M. Kreiny, Y.-J. Kuan, M. Küppers, J. M. Lacruz, W. B. Landsman, L. M. Lara, A. Lecacheux, A. C. Levasseur-Regourd, B. Li, J. Licandro, R. Ligustri, Z.-Y. Lin, M. Lippi, D. C. Lis, C. M. Lisse, A. J. Lovell, S. C. Lowry, H. Lu, S. Lundin, K. Magee-Sauer, P. Magain, J. Manfroid, E. Mazzotta Epifani, A. McKay, M. D. Melita, H. Mikuz, S. N. Milam, G. Milani, M. Min, R. Moreno, B. E. Mueller, M. J. Mumma, M. Nicolini, M. C. Nolan, H. L. Nordh, P. B. Nowajewski, O. Team, T. Ootsubo, L. Paganini, C. Perrella, J. Pittichová, E. Prosperi, Y. L. Radeva, W. T. Reach, A. J. Remijan, M. Rengel, T. E. Riesen, M. Rodenhuis, D. P. Rodríguez, R. W. Russell, D. K. Sahu, N. H. Samarasinha, A. Sánchez Caso, A. Sandqvist, G. Sarid, M. Sato, D. G. Schleicher, E. W. Schwieterman, A. K. Sen, D. Shenoy, J.-C. Shi, Y. Shinnaka, J. Skvarc, C. Snodgrass, M. L. Sitko, S. Sonnett, S. Sosseini, G. Sostero, S. Sugita, B. M. Swinyard, S. Szutowicz, N. Takato, P. Tanga, P. A. Taylor, G.-P. Tozzi, R. Trabatti, J. M. Trigo-Rodríguez, C. Tubiana, M. de Val-Borro, W. Vacca, B. Vandenbussche, J. Vaubaillion, F. P. Velichko, S. F. Velichko, R. J. Vervack, Jr., M. J. Vidal-Nunez, G. L. Villanueva, C. Vinante, J.-B. Vincent, M. Wang, L. H. Wasserman, J. Watanabe, H. A. Weaver, P. R. Weissman, S. Wolk, D. H. Wooden, C. E. Woodward, M. Yamaguchi, T. Yamashita, P. A. Yanamandra-Fischer, B. Yang, J.-S. Yao, D. K. Yeomans, T. Zenn, H. Zhao, and J. E. Ziffer. 2011. EPOXI : COMET 103P/HARTLEY 2 OBSERVATIONS FROM A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN The Astrophysical Journal 734 (1): L1 [10.1088/2041-8205/734/1/l1]

Jones, B. M., F. Zhang, R. Kaiser, et al. A. Jamal, A. M. Mebel, M. A. Cordiner, and S. B. Charnley. 2011. Formation of benzene in the interstellar medium PNAS 108 452

Cordiner, M. A., S. B. Charnley, J. V. Buckle, C. Walsh, and T. J. Millar. 2011. Discovery of Interstellar Anions in Cepheus and Auriga The Astrophysical Journal Letters 730 L18 [10.1088/2041-8205/730/2/L18]

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