Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Sanchita Pal

(Postdoctoral researcher)

Org Code: 672

Mail Code: 672
Greenbelt, MD 20771


Brief Bio

Dr. Sanchita Pal is a NASA post-doctoral (NPP) fellow at the Heliophysics Science Division of the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). She graduated from the Center of Excellence in Space Sciences (CESSI) Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata with a Ph.D. in 2020. Her Ph.D. thesis focused on space weather drivers and their geoeffectiveness. She has a background in Electronics and Communication Engineering with a specialization in microwave and space science. Prior to joining as an NPP fellow she was a contractor post doctoral researcher at GSFC worked in the Solar Orbiter project. Before that she was a post-doctoral fellow in the space physics group at the Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Finland. There she worked on an ERC Consolidator Grant project dealing with unraveling the structure of solar flux ropes and their magnetosheath (SolMAG).

Her research interests include investigating the solar origin, evolution, and geoeffectiveness of heliospheric large-scale structures specifically coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that are the major driver of space weather. She has expertise in various imaging and in situ satellite data analysis techniques, empirical and data-driven semi-analytical modeling of large-scale heliospheric structures and building machine learning models to apply on satellite data.


Post-doctoral fellow

University of Helsinki - Finland

July 2020 - June 2022

Exploring CME interplanetary evolution using observations from Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and BepiColombo.

Post-doctoral fellow

NASA GSFC [George Mason University] - Greenbelt

July 2022 - September 2023

Large-scale magnetic structures' heliospheric evolutions and identifications using AI/ML algorithm.

NASA Post-doctoral (NPP) fellow

NASA Post-doctoral Program (NPP) - Greenbelt

October 2023 - Present

Erosion, automatic detection & classification of heliospheric flux ropes 

Teaching Experience


Served as a teaching assistant in 'Space Astronomy' Course in IISER Kolkata, India.


  • Solar Science, Ph.D., Center of Excellence in Space Sciences (CESSI), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) - Kolkata, Award: 2020
  • Radio Physics and Electronics, Master's Degree, University of Calcutta, Award: 2015
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bachelor's Degree, West Bengal University of Technology, Kolkata, India, Award year: 2015

Professional Societies

American Geophysical Union

Session Convenor

2021 - Present

European Geophysical Union

2021 - 2022


AGU Space Physics and Aeronomy Travel Grant

Pal, Sanchita (Recipient), 2018

SCOSTEP Visiting Scholarship (SVS-2017)

Pal, Sanchita (Recipient), 1 May 2017

Young Scientist Best Paper Award

Pal, Sanchita (Recipient), 7 Feb 2020


NASA Post Doctoral Program - NASA - Awarded: 2023-09-05

Dates:  - 



Pal, S., L. Balmaceda, A. J. Weiss, et al. T. Nieves-Chinchilla, F. Carcaboso, E. Kilpua, and C. Möstl. 2023. Global insight into a complex-structured heliosphere based on the local multi-point analysis Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 10 [10.3389/fspas.2023.1195805]

Nieves-Chinchilla, T., S. Pal, T. M. Salman, et al. N. Alzate, F. Carcaboso, S. E. Guidoni, H. Cremades, A. Narock, L. A. Balmaceda, B. J. Lynch, N. Al-Haddad, L. Rodríguez-García, T. W. Narock, L. F. Dos Santos, F. Regnault, C. Kay, R. M. Winslow, E. Palmerio, E. E. Davies, C. Scolini, A. J. Weiss, M. Jeunon, and R. Pujadas. 2023. Redefining flux ropes in heliophysics Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 10 [10.3389/fspas.2023.1114838]

Pal, S., D. Nandy, and E. K. Kilpua. 2022. Magnetic cloud prediction model for forecasting space weather relevant properties of Earth-directed coronal mass ejections Astronomy & Astrophysics 665 A110 [10.1051/0004-6361/202243513]

Pal, S. 2022. Uncovering the process that transports magnetic helicity to coronal mass ejection flux ropes Advances in Space Research 70 (6): 1601-1613 [10.1016/j.asr.2021.11.013]

Sinha, S., O. Gupta, V. Singh, et al. B. Lekshmi, D. Nandy, D. Mitra, S. Chatterjee, S. Bhattacharya, S. Chatterjee, N. Srivastava, A. Brandenburg, and S. Pal. 2022. A Comparative Analysis of Machine-learning Models for Solar Flare Forecasting: Identifying High-performing Active Region Flare Indicators The Astrophysical Journal 935 (1): 45 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac7955]

Kilpua, E. K., S. W. Good, M. Ala-Lahti, et al. A. Osmane, S. Pal, J. E. Soljento, L. L. Zhao, and S. Bale. 2022. Structure and fluctuations of a slow ICME sheath observed at 0.5 au by the Parker Solar Probe Astronomy & Astrophysics 663 A108 [10.1051/0004-6361/202142191]

Pal, S., B. J. Lynch, S. W. Good, et al. E. Palmerio, E. Asvestari, J. Pomoell, M. L. Stevens, and E. K. Kilpua. 2022. Eruption and Interplanetary Evolution of a Stealthy Streamer-Blowout CME Observed by PSP at ∼0.5 AU Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 9 [10.3389/fspas.2022.903676]

Pal, S., D. Nandy, and E. K. Kilpua. 2022. A magnetic cloud prediction model for forecasting space weather relevant properties of Earth-directed coronal mass ejections arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.05231

Palmerio, E., C. Kay, N. Al-Haddad, et al. B. J. Lynch, W. Yu, M. L. Stevens, S. Pal, and C. O. Lee. 2021. Predicting the Magnetic Fields of a Stealth CME Detected by Parker Solar Probe at 0.5 au The Astrophysical Journal 920 (2): 65 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac25f4]

Pal, S., E. Kilpua, S. Good, J. Pomoell, and D. J. Price. 2021. Uncovering erosion effects on magnetic flux rope twist Astronomy & Astrophysics 650 A176 [10.1051/0004-6361/202040070]

Pal, S., S. Dash, and D. Nandy. 2020. Flux Erosion of Magnetic Clouds by Reconnection With the Sun's Open Flux Geophysical Research Letters 47 (8): [10.1029/2019gl086372]

Nandy, D., A. Bhatnagar, and S. Pal. 2020. Sunspot Cycle 25 is Brewing: Early Signs Herald its Onset Research Notes of the AAS 4 (2): 30 [10.3847/2515-5172/ab79a1]

Pal, S., D. Nandy, N. Srivastava, N. Gopalswamy, and S. Panda. 2018. Dependence of Coronal Mass Ejection Properties on Their Solar Source Active Region Characteristics and Associated Flare Reconnection Flux The Astrophysical Journal 865 (1): 4 [10.3847/1538-4357/aada10]

Pal, S., N. Gopalswamy, D. Nandy, et al. S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, P. Makela, and H. Xie. 2017. A Sun-to-Earth Analysis of Magnetic Helicity of the 2013 March 17–18 Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection The Astrophysical Journal 851 (2): 123 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa9983]

Talks, Presentations and Posters


Evolution of solar storms due to interplanetary interactions


Organised by Zagreb Observatory on the Scientific Tuesday

Interplanetary evolution of CMEs due to magnetic reconnection with heliospheric fields


Organised by Solar Orbiter working group meeting

Erosion of Coronal Mass Ejections Due to Magnetic Reconnections with the Ambient Interplanetary Magnetic Field


Organised by High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, USA


Prediction of earthbound coronal mass ejections


Organized by 15th Quadrennial Solar-Terrestrial Physics Symposium (STP-15).

An approach for forecasting earthbound coronal mass ejections


Organised by XVIIth Hvar Astrophysical Colloquium Programme

Magnetic content analysis of a streamer blowout CME and its interaction with the heliospheric current sheet in the inner heliosphere


Organized by Parker One

Impact of Magnetic Reconnection on the Properties of Coronal Mass Ejections


Organized by 43rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly: COSPAR 2021

Flux Erosion of Magnetic Clouds by Reconnection With the Sun’s Open Flux


Organized by Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Uncovering Erosion Effects on the Twist Distribution in Cross-section of Magnetic Clouds


Organised by European Space Weather Symposium (ESWS 2020)

Origin and Evolution of CME Flux Rope


Organised by 5th Asia Pacific Solar Physics Meeting.

Dependence of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejection Magnetic Properties on Their Solar Sources


Organised by Fall Meeting of American Geophysical Union (AGU)

On the Magnetic Connection between Solar Active Regions and Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections


United Nations/United States of America Workshop on the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI) hosted by Boston College main Chestnut Hill lower campus in Boston, USA.