Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Richard D. Ray

(Research Scientist)

Richard D. Ray's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 301.614.6102
Org Code: 61A
Mail Code 61A
Greenbelt, MD 20771


  • 2018 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal
  • 2009 Fellow, American Geophysical Union
  • 2008 Dr. Nat. h.c., Universität Hamburg
  • 2007 Suomi Award, American Meteorological Society
  • 2007 Fellow, American Meteorological Society
  • 2006 Bowie Lecturer, American Geophysical Union



2023. "Offsets in tide-gauge reference levels detected by satellite altimetry: ten case studies." Journal of Geodesy 97 (12): 110 [10.1007/s00190-023-01800-7] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Clarifying the distinction between steric and baroclinic sea surface height." Journal of Physical Oceanography 53 (11): 2591-2596 [10.1175/jpo-d-23-0073.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Ocean circulation from space." Surveys in Geophysics 44 1243–1286 [10.1007/s10712-023-09778-9] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Terdiurnal radiational tides." Journal of Physical Oceanography 53 1139-1150 [10.1175/jpo-d-22-0175.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Interannual changes in tidal conversion modulate M2 amplitudes in the Gulf of Maine." Geophysical Research Letters 49 (24): [10.1029/2022gl101671] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Mapping Vertical Land Motion in Challenging Terrain: Six‐Year Trends on Tutuila Island, American Samoa, With PS‐InSAR, GPS, Tide Gauge, and Satellite Altimetry Data." Geophysical Research Letters 49 (23): [10.1029/2022gl101363] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Wave setup at the Minamitorishima tide gauge." Journal of Oceanography 79 13-26 [10.1007/s10872-022-00659-0] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Technical note: On seasonal variability of the M2 tide." Ocean Science 18 (4): 1073-1079 [10.5194/os-18-1073-2022] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "On the development of SWOT in-situ calibration/validation for short-wavelength ocean topography." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 39 (5): 595-617 [10.1175/jtech-d-21-0039.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Seasonal and interannual variability of tidal mixing signatures in Indonesian seas from high-resolution sea surface temperature." Remote Sensing 14 (8): 1934 [10.3390/rs14081934] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Along‐Orbit Analysis of GRACE Follow‐On Inter‐Satellite Laser Ranging Measurements for Sub‐Monthly Surface Mass Variations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 127 e2021JB022983 [10.1029/2021jb022983] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "The problematic Ψ1 ocean tide." Geophysical Journal International 227 (2): 1181-1192 [10.1093/gji/ggab263] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "The mean seasonal cycle in relative sea level from satellite altimetry and gravimetry." Journal of Geodesy 95 80 [10.1007/s00190-021-01529-1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Developments in the science and history of tides." Ocean Science 17 (3): 809-818 [10.5194/os-17-809-2021] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "New determinations of tides on the north-western Ross Ice Shelf." Antarctic Science 33 (1): 89-102 [10.1017/s0954102020000498] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Accuracy assessment of global internal-tide models using satellite altimetry." Ocean Science 17 (1): 147-180 [10.5194/os-17-147-2021] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Tidal geopotential dependence on Earth ellipticity and seawater density and Its detection with the GRACE Follow‐On laser ranging interferometer." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 125 (12): 1-16 [10.1029/2020jc016774] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "First global observations of third-degree ocean tides." Science Advances 6 (48): eabd4744 [10.1126/sciadv.abd4744] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Daily harmonics of ionospheric total electron content from satellite altimetry." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 209 105423 [10.1016/j.jastp.2020.105423] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Tidally driven interannual variation in extreme sea level frequencies in the Gulf of Maine." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 125 (10): [10.1029/2020jc016291] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Forcing factors affecting sea level changes at the coast." Surveys in Geophysics 40 (6): 1351-1397 [10.1007/s10712-019-09531-1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Nineteenth‐century tides in the Gulf of Maine and implications for secular trends." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 124 7046-7067 [10.1029/2019jc015277] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "The semiannual and 4.4‐year modulations of extreme high tides." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 124 5907-5922 [10.1029/2019jc015061] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Tests of ocean-tide models by analysis of satellite-to-satellite range measurements: An update." Geophysical Journal International 217 (2): 1174-1178 [10.1093/gji/ggz062] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "A fortnightly atmospheric ‘tide’ at Bali caused by oceanic tidal mixing in Lombok Strait." Geoscience Letters 6 (6): 1-9 [10.1186/s40562-019-0135-1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Sea level rise in the Samoan Islands escalated by viscoelastic relaxation after the 2009 Samoa‐Tonga earthquake." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124 (4): 4142-4156 [10.1029/2018jb017110] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Aliased tidal variability in mesoscale sea level anomaly maps." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 35 (12): 2421-2435 [10.1175/jtech-d-18-0089.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Future nuisance flooding in Norfolk, VA, from astronomical tides and annual to decadal internal climate variability." Geophysical Research Letters 45 (22): 12,432-12,439 [10.1029/2018gl079572] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "On the ‘cal mode’ correction to TOPEX satellite altimetry and its effect on the global mean sea-level time series." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 122 (11): 8371-8384 [10.1002/2017jc013090] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Tides and satellite altimetry." Satellite Altimetry over Oceans and Land Surfaces (Chapter 13): 427-458 [Article in Book]

2017. "Using an altimeter-derived internal tide model to remove tides from in situ data." Geophysical Research Letters 44 (9): 4241-4245 [10.1002/2017gl072950] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "'Tidal prediction' in The Sea: The Science of Ocean Prediction." Journal of Marine Research 75 (3): 189-237 [10.1357/002224017821836761] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Manuel Johnson's tide record at St. Helena." History of Geo- and Space Sciences 8 (1): 9-19 [Full Text] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "On tidal inference in the diurnal band." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 34 (2): 437-446 [10.1175/jtech-d-16-0142.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "A 10-year comparison of water levels measured with a geodetic GPS receiver versus a conventional tide gauge." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 34 (2): 295-307 [10.1175/jtech-d-16-0101.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Future nuisance flooding at Boston caused by astronomical tides alone." Earth's Future 4 (12): 578-587 [10.1002/2016ef000423] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Tidal mixing signatures in the Indonesian seas from high-resolution sea surface temperature data." Geophysical Research Letters 43 8115-8123 [10.1002/2016gl069485] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Assessing the impact of vertical land motion on twentieth century global mean sea level estimates." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121 4980-4993 [10.1002/2016jc011747] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "On measurements of the tide at Churchill, Hudson Bay." Atmosphere-Ocean 54 108-116 [10.1080/07055900.2016.1139540] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "M2 internal tides and their observed wavenumber spectra from satellite altimetry*." Journal of Physical Oceanography 46 (1): 3-22 [10.1175/jpo-d-15-0065.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Surface pressure tide climatologies deduced from a quality-controlled network of barometric observations*." Monthly Weather Review 142 (12): 4872-4889 [10.1175/mwr-d-14-00217.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Accuracy assessment of global barotropic ocean tide models." Reviews of Geophysics 52 243-282 [10.1002/2014RG000450] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Consideration of tidal geocenter variations for satellite altimeter observations of ocean tides." Geophysical Research Letters 41 2454-2459 [10.1002/2014GL059614] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Long-period tidal variations in the length of day." Journal of Geophysical Research 119 1498-1509 [10.1002/2013JB010830] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Precise comparisons of bottom-pressure and altimetric ocean tides." Journal of Geophysical Research 118 4570-4584 [10.1002/jgrc.20336] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "The accidental tide gauge: A case study of GPS reflections from Kachemak Bay, Alaska." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 10 1200-1204 [10.1109/LGRS.2012.2236075] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Monthly crustal loading corrections for satellite altimetry." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 30 999-1005 [10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00152.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Fortnightly Earth rotation, ocean tides and mantle anelasticity." Geophysical Journal International 189 (1): 400-413 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05351.x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Calibration of ocean wave measurements by the TOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2 satellites." Marine Geodesy 35 (SI): 238-257 [10.1080/01490419.2012.718611] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Non-stationary internal tides observed with satellite altimetry." Geophysical Research Letters 38 L17609 [10.1029/2011GL048617] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Tide predictions in shelf and coastal waters: status and prospects." Coastal Altimetry (Eds S Vignudelli et al), Springer-Verlag 191-216 [Article in Book]

2011. "Experiments in reconstructing twentieth century sea levels." Progress in Oceanography 91 496-515 [10.1016/j.pocean.2011.07.021] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Bottom pressure tides along a line in the southeast Atlantic Ocean and comparisons with satellite altimetry." Ocean Dynamics 60 (5): 1167-1176 [10.1007/s10236-010-0316-0] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "One centimeter-level observations of diurnal ocean tides from global monthly mean time-variable gravity fields." Journal of Geodesy 84 715-729 [10.1007/s00190-010-0405-3] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Vertical crustal motion derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges, and comparisons with DORIS measurements." Adv. Space Res. 45 (12): 1510-1522 [Full Text] [10.1016/j.asr.2010.02.020] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Assimilation of altimetry data for nonlinear shallow-water tides: Quarter-diurnal tides of the Northwest European Shelf ." Continental Shelf Research 30 (6): 668-679 [10.1016/j.csr.2009.10.011] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Assessment of the Jason-2 Extension to the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 Sea-Surface Height Time Series for Global Mean Sea Level Monitoring ." Marine Geodesy 33 447-471 [Full Text] [10.1080/01490419.2010.491029] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Qualitative comparisons of global ocean tide models by analysis of intersatellite ranging data ." Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 114 C09017 [10.1029/2009JC005362] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Secular changes in the solar semidiurnal tide of the western North Atlantic Ocean." Geophysical Research Letters 36 L19601 [10.1029/2009GL040217] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Assimilation of GRACE tide solutions into a numerical hydrodynamic inverse model." Geophysical Research Letters 36 L20609 [10.1029/2009GL040376] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "A preliminary tidal analysis of Icesat laser altimetry: Southern Ross Ice Shelf." Geophysical Research Letters 35 L02505 [10.1029/2007GL032125] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "A reassessment of global and regional mean sea-level trends from TOPEX and Jason-1 altimetry based on revised reference frame and orbits." Geophys. Res. Lett. 34 L14608 [10.1029/2007GL030002] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Tidal analysis experiments with sun-synchronous satellite altimeter data." Journal of Geodesy 81 247-257 [10.1007/s00190-006-0105-1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Propagation of the overtide M4 through the deep Atlantic Ocean." Geophysical Research Letters 34 L21602 [10.1029/2007GL031618] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Decadal climate variability: Is there a tidal connection?." Journal of Climate 20 3542-3560 [10.1175/JCLI4193.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Times of peak astronomical tides." Geophysical Journal International 168 (3): 999-1004 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03293.x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Ocean tidal solutions in Antarctica from GRACE intersatellite tracking data." Geophysical Research Letters 34 L21607 [10.1029/2007GL031540] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Recent Greenland Ice Mass Loss by Drainage System from Satellite Gravity Observations." Science 314 (5803): 1286-1289 [10.1126/science.1130776] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Mapping nonlinear shallow-water tides: a look at the past and future (In memory of C Le Provost)." Ocean Dynamics 56 416-429 [10.1007/s10236-006-0060-7] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Tide model errors and GRACE gravimetry: Towards a more realistic assessment." Geophysical Journal International 167 1055-1059. [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03229.x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Constraints on mantle anelasticity from geodetic observations, and implications for the J2 anomaly." Geophysical Journal International 165 3-16 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02915.x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Secular changes of the M2 tide in the Gulf of Maine." Continental Shelf Research 26 422-427 [10.1016/j.csr.2005.12.005] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "A brief overview of tides in the Indonesian Seas." Oceanography 18 74-79 [10.5670/oceanog.2005.07] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Terdiurnal surface-pressure oscillations over the continental United States." Monthly Weather Review 133 2526-2534 [10.1175/MWR2988.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "The global S1 tide." Journal of Physical Oceanography 34 1922-1935 [10.1175/1520-0485(2004)034<1922:TGST>2.0.CO;2] [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "Numerical modeling of the global semidiurnal tide in the present day and in the Last Glacial Maximum." Journal of Geophysical Research 109 C03003 [10.1029/2003JC001973] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Tidal models in a new era of satellite gravimetry." Space Science Reviews 108 271-282 [10.1023/A:1026223308107] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Simultaneous ocean wave measurements by the Jason and Topex satellites, with buoy and model comparisons." Marine Geodesy 26 367-382 [10.1080/714044527] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Barometric tides from ECMWF operational analyses." Annales Geophysicae 21 1897-1910 [10.5194/angeo-21-1897-2003] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Semi-diurnal and diurnal tidal dissipation from Topex/Poseidon altimetry." Geophysical Research Letters 30 (17): 1907 [10.1029/2003GL017676] [Journal Article/Letter]

2002. "Is asteroid 951 Gaspra in a resonant obliquity state with its spin increasing due to YORP?." J Geophys Res 107 5065 [10.1029/2001JE001813] [Journal Article/Letter]

2002. "Atmospheric pressure corrections in geodesy and oceanography: a strategy for handling air tides." Geophysical Research Letters 29 (24): 2153 [10.1029/2002GL016340] [Journal Article/Letter]

2002. "Short-arc analysis of intersatellite tracking data in a gravity mapping mission." J. Geodesy 76 307-316 [10.1007/s00190-002-0255-8] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Error spectrum for the global M2 ocean tide." Geophysical Research Letters 28 21-24 [10.1029/2000GL011674] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Internal Tides." in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Eds: J H Steele et al) 1327-1335 Academic Press [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Resonant third-degree diurnal tides in the seas off Western Europe." Journal of Physical Oceanography 31 3581-3586 [10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<3581:RTDDTI>2.0.CO;2] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Comparisons of global analyses and station observations of the S2 barometric tide." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 63 1085-1097 [10.1016/S1364-6826(01)00018-9] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Estimates of internal tide energy fluxes from Topex/Poseidon altimetry: Central North Pacific." Geophysical Research Letters 28 1259-1263 [10.1029/2000GL012447] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Estimates of M2 tidal energy dissipation from Topex/Poseidon altimeter data." Journal of Geophysical Research 106 22475-22502 [10.1029/2000JC000699] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Constraints on energy dissipation in the earth's body tide from satellite tracking and altimetry." Geophysical Journal International 144 471-480 [10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00356.x] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Inversion of oceanic tidal currents from measured elevations." Journal of Marine Systems 28 1-18 [10.1016/S0924-7963(00)00081-6] [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "Space geodesy monitors mass transports in global geophysical fluids." Eos Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 81 247-250 [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "Galilean satellite obliquities." Journal of Geophysical Research 105 29277-29282 [10.1029/2000JE001248] [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data." Nature 405 775-778 [10.1038/35015531] [Journal Article/Letter]

1999. "Lunar and solar torques on the oceanic tides." Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (B8): 17653-17659 [10.1029/1999JB900165] [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Spectral analysis of highly aliased sea-level signals." Journal of Geophysical Research 103 (C11)24991-25003 [10.1080/01490419809388134] [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Diurnal oscillations in atmospheric pressure at twenty-five small oceanic islands." Geophysical Research Letters 25 3851-3854 [10.1029/1998GL900039] [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Ocean self-attraction and loading in numerical tidal models." Marine Geodesy 21 181-192 [10.1080/01490419809388134] [Journal Article/Letter]

1997. "Accuracy assessment of recent ocean tide models." Journal of Geophysical Research 102 (C11) 25173-25194 [10.1029/97JC00445] [Journal Article/Letter]

1997. "The flux of tidal energy across latitude 60°S." Geophysical Research Letters 24 543-546 [10.1029/97GL50316] [Journal Article/Letter]

1997. "Angular momentum of Arctic Ocean tides." Journal of Geodesy 71 344-350 [10.1007/s001900050102] [Journal Article/Letter]

1996. "Detection of tidal dissipation in the solid earth by satellite tracking and altimetry." Nature 381 595-597 [10.1038/381595a0] [Journal Article/Letter]

1996. "Surface manifestation of internal tides generated near Hawaii." Geophysical Research Letters 23 2101-2104 [10.1029/96GL02050] [Journal Article/Letter]

1996. "Diurnal/semidiurnal polar motion excited by oceanic tidal angular momentum." Journal of Geophysical Research 101 (B9): 20,151-20,163 [10.1029/96JB01649] [Journal Article/Letter]

1995. "Diurnal/semidiurnal oceanic tidal angular momentum: Topex/Poseidon models in comparison with Earth's rotation rate." Geophysical Research Letters 22 1993-1996 [10.1029/95GL01788] [Journal Article/Letter]

1995. "Geometrical determination of the Love number h2 at four tidal frequencies." Geophysical Research Letters 22 2175-2178 [10.1029/95GL01809] [Journal Article/Letter]

1995. "Least squares solution of a linear, bordered, block-diagonal system of equations." ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software 21 20-25 [10.1145/200979.200987] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Tidal corrections in the Topex/Poseidon geophysical data records." Journal of Geophysical Research 99 24749-24760 [10.1029/94JC01959] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in the Earth's rotation rate induced by oceanic tides." Science 264 830-832 [10.1126/science.264.5160.830] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Tidal energy dissipation: observations from astronomy, geodesy, and oceanography." in The Oceans (Ed: S Majumdar et al) Pennsylvania Academy of Science Easton 171-185 [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "On the radiational anomaly in the global ocean tide, with reference to satellite altimetry." Oceanologica Acta 17 453-459 [Full Text] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Satellite altimeter observations of the Mf and Mm ocean tides, with simultaneous orbit corrections." in Gravimetry and Space Techniques Applied to Geodynamics and Ocean Dynamics, Volume 82 69-78 [10.1029/GM082] [Article in Book]

1994. "A preliminary tidal analysis of Topex/Poseidon altimetry." Journal of Geophysical Research 99 24799-24808 [10.1029/94JC01432] [Journal Article/Letter]

1993. "Global ocean tide models on the eve of Topex/Poseidon." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 31 355-364 [10.1109/36.214911] [Journal Article/Letter]

1992. "A Proudman-function expansion of the M2 tide in the Mediterranean Sea from satellite altimetry and coastal gauges." Oceanologica Acta 15 325-337 [Full Text] [Journal Article/Letter]

1992. "Comment on A computer program to perform the upward continuation of potential field data between arbitrary surfaces." Computers and Geosciences 18 619-623 [10.1016/0098-3004(92)90099-D] [Journal Article/Letter]

1991. "On the effectiveness of Geosat altimeter corrections." International Journal of Remote Sensing 12 1979-1984 [10.1080/01431169108955231] [Journal Article/Letter]

1991. "On the sea-state bias of the Geosat altimeter." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 8 397-408 [10.1175/1520-0426(1991)008<0397:OTSSBO>2.0.CO;2] [Journal Article/Letter]

1991. "Energetics of global ocean tides from Geosat altimetry." Journal of Geophysical Research 96 16897-16912 [10.1029/91JC01059] [Journal Article/Letter]

1990. "Observations of the Mf ocean tide from Geosat altimetry." Geophysical Research Letters 17 619-622 [10.1029/GL017i005p00619] [Journal Article/Letter]

1990. "Oceanic tides from Geosat altimetry." Journal of Geophysical Research 95 3069-3090 [10.1029/JC095iC03p0306] [Journal Article/Letter]

1989. "New estimates of oceanic tidal energy dissipation from satellite altimetry." Geophysical Research Letters 16 73-76 [10.1029/GL016i001p00073] [Journal Article/Letter]

1987. "On an elementary application of graph theory to a magnetic survey adjustment system." Computers and Geosciences 13 (3): 287-292 [10.1016/0098-3004(87)90046-X] [Journal Article/Letter]

1985. "Continuation by integral equation methods: a note on surface integration over a double layer." Pure and Applied Geophysics 122 (5): 725-730 [10.1007/BF01101877] [Journal Article/Letter]

1985. "Correction of systematic error in magnetic surveys: an application of ridge regession and sparse matrix theory." Geophysics 50 1721-1731 [10.1190/1.1441862] [Journal Article/Letter]

1982. "A new global crustal thickness map." Tectonics 1 125-149 [10.1029/TC001i002p00125] [Journal Article/Letter]


2018. "Interactive comment on "Tidal variability in the Hong Kong region" by Devlin et al." Ocean Science Discussions [10.5194/os-2018-62-SC1] [Journal Article/Letter]

1999. "A global ocean tide model from Topex/Poseidon altimetry: GOT992." NASA/TM-1999-209478 (66pp) [Full Text] [Report]

1989. "Radial deformation of the earth by oceanic tidal loading." NASA-TM-100743 (52pp) [Full Text] [Report]