Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Peter R Young



Org Code: 671

Mail Code: 671
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Employer: NASA

Brief Bio

Dr Young grew up in the town of Amble in England and read Mathematics at Cambridge University. After completing Part III of the Maths Tripos he obtained a PhD working with Dr Helen Mason at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. His thesis title was "EUV Spectroscopy of Solar and Stellar Atmospheres". Following a postdoctoral position at Cambridge he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to work at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics with Dr Andrea Dupree on the analysis of stellar spectra from the FUSE mission. Dr Young returned to England to take up a position at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory where he was the SOHO/CDS Project Scientist and the RAL Project Manager for Hinode/EIS. In 2008 he moved back to the USA to join the Hinode/EIS team at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington DC, where he was employed by George Mason University. In 2015 he moved to the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and in 2018 he became a civil servant with NASA.

Dr Young has published over 130 articles that have received more than 10000 citations, and he has an h-index of 50. A full publication list is available.


Research Astrophysicist

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center - Greenbelt, MD, USA

2018 - Present

Visiting Professor

University of Northumbria - Newcastle, United Kingdom

2016 - Present

Research Professor

George Mason University - Fairfax, VA

2015 - 2018

(based at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)

Research Professor

George Mason University - Fairfax, VA

2008 - 2015

(based at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory)

Solar Physicist

Rutherford Appleton Laboratory - United Kingdom

2002 - 2008


Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory - Cambridge, MA

1999 - 2002

Postdoctoral Research Associate

University of Cambridge - United Kingdom

1998 - 1999


1998, PhD, University of Cambridge
1996, MA, University of Cambridge
1993, Certificate of Advanced Study in Mathematics, University of Cambridge
1992, BA, University of Cambridge

Professional Societies

Royal Astronomical Society

2003 - Present

American Astronomical Society

2008 - Present

American Geophysical Union

2014 - Present

International Astronomical Union

2015 - Present

Professional Service

Secretary of the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society (2019-2022).


  • Group Achievement Award for the CHIANTI atomic database, Royal Astronomical Society, 2010
  • Group Achievement Award for the Hinode/EIS mission, Royal Astronomical Society, 2015
  • NASA Goddard Heliophysics Division Peer Award, 2016
  • Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement, 2023

Selected Publications


Young, P. R. 2023. Updated Reference Wavelengths for Si vii and Mg vii Lines in the 272–281 Å Range The Astrophysical Journal 958 (1): 40 [10.3847/1538-4357/ad0548]

Dere, K. P., G. Del Zanna, P. R. Young, and E. Landi. 2023. CHIANTI—An Atomic Database for Emission Lines. XVII. Version 10.1: Revised Ionization and Recombination Rates and Other Updates* The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 268 (2): 52 [10.3847/1538-4365/acec79]

Kayshap, P., and P. R. Young. 2023. Centre-to-limb variations in coronal hole and quiet sun regions obtained with IRIS spectroscopic observations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 526 (1): 383-390 [10.1093/mnras/stad2761]

Janvier, M., S. Mzerguat, P. R. Young, et al. É. Buchlin, A. Manou, G. Pelouze, D. M. Long, L. Green, A. Warmuth, F. Schuller, P. Démoulin, D. Calchetti, F. Kahil, L. Bellot Rubio, S. Parenti, S. Baccar, K. Barczynski, L. K. Harra, L. A. Hayes, W. T. Thompson, D. Müller, D. Baker, S. Yardley, D. Berghmans, C. Verbeeck, P. J. Smith, H. Peter, R. Aznar Cuadrado, S. Musset, D. H. Brooks, L. Rodríguez, F. Auchère, M. Carlsson, A. Fludra, D. Hassler, D. Williams, M. Caldwell, T. Fredvik, A. Giunta, T. Grundy, S. Guest, E. Kraaikamp, S. Leeks, J. Plowman, W. Schmutz, U. Schühle, S. D. Sidher, L. Teriaca, S. K. Solanki, J. C. del Toro Iniesta, J. Woch, A. Gandorfer, J. Hirzberger, D. Orozco Suárez, T. Appourchaux, G. Valori, J. Sinjan, K. Albert, and R. Volkmer. 2023. A multiple spacecraft detection of the 2 April 2022 M-class flare and filament eruption during the first close Solar Orbiter perihelion Astronomy & Astrophysics 677 A130 [10.1051/0004-6361/202346321]

Gontikakis, C., S. K. Antiochos, and P. R. Young. 2023. The Transition Region of Solar Flare Loops The Astrophysical Journal 943 (2): 120 [10.3847/1538-4357/aca8a9]

Young, P. R. 2023. A spectroscopic measurement of high velocity spray plasma from an M-class flare and coronal mass ejection Advances in Space Research 71 (4): 1900-1906 [10.1016/j.asr.2022.06.002]

Rivera, Y. J., E. Landi, J. C. Raymond, et al. N. A. Murphy, J. W. Reep, W. Barnes, A. Higginson, P. Young, A. Daw, W. D. Pesnell, A. R. Paraschiv, D. A. Lacatus, P. Bryans, T. Y. Chen, and G. Del Zanna. 2023. Advancing solar and heliospheric science through the ongoing development and support of atomic and laboratory plasma physics Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 10 1056255 [10.3389/fspas.2023.1056255]

Ugarte-Urra, I., P. R. Young, D. H. Brooks, et al. H. P. Warren, B. De Pontieu, P. Bryans, J. W. Reep, C. Downs, A. R. Winebarger, and S. D. Tun. 2023. The case for solar full-disk spectral diagnostics: Chromosphere to corona Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 9 1064192 [10.3389/fspas.2022.1064192]

Brooks, D. H., M. Janvier, D. Baker, et al. H. P. Warren, F. Auchère, M. Carlsson, A. Fludra, D. Hassler, H. Peter, D. Müller, D. Williams, R. A. Cuadrado, K. Barczynski, E. Buchlin, M. Caldwell, T. Fredvik, A. Giunta, T. Grundy, S. Guest, M. Haberreiter, L. Harra, S. Leeks, S. Parenti, G. Pelouze, J. Plowman, W. Schmutz, U. Schuehle, S. Sidher, L. Teriaca, W. T. Thompson, and P. R. Young. 2022. Plasma Composition Measurements in an Active Region from Solar Orbiter/SPICE and Hinode/EIS The Astrophysical Journal 940 (1): 66 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac9b0b]

Young, P. R., and N. M. Viall. 2022. Scattered Light in the Hinode/EIS and SDO/AIA Instruments Measured from the 2012 Venus Transit The Astrophysical Journal 938 (1): 27 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac8472]

Ryabtsev, A. N., E. Y. Kononov, and P. R. Young. 2022. Additions to the Spectrum of Fe ix in the 110–200 Å Region The Astrophysical Journal 936 (1): 60 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac7d51]

Young, P. R., and I. Ugarte-Urra. 2022. Properties of EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) Slot Observations Solar Physics 297 (7): 87 [10.1007/s11207-022-02014-4]

Kramida, A., A. N. Ryabtsev, and P. R. Young. 2022. Revised Analysis of Fe vii The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 258 (2): 37 [10.3847/1538-4365/ac3a7e]

Young, P. R., N. M. Viall, M. S. Kirk, E. I. Mason, and L. P. Chitta. 2021. An Analysis of Spikes in Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) Data Solar Physics 296 (12): 181 [10.1007/s11207-021-01929-8]

Fludra, A., M. Caldwell, A. Giunta, et al. T. Grundy, S. Guest, S. Leeks, S. Sidher, F. Auchère, M. Carlsson, D. Hassler, H. Peter, R. Aznar Cuadrado, É. Buchlin, S. Caminade, C. DeForest, T. Fredvik, M. Haberreiter, L. Harra, M. Janvier, T. Kucera, D. Müller, S. Parenti, W. Schmutz, U. Schühle, S. K. Solanki, L. Teriaca, W. T. Thompson, S. Tustain, D. Williams, P. R. Young, and L. P. Chitta. 2021. First observations from the SPICE EUV spectrometer on Solar Orbiter Astronomy & Astrophysics 656 A38 [10.1051/0004-6361/202141221]

Young, P. R. 2021. Future Prospects for Solar EUV and Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy Missions Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 8 [10.3389/fspas.2021.662790]

Del Zanna, G., K. P. Dere, P. R. Young, and E. Landi. 2021. CHIANTI—An Atomic Database for Emission Lines. XVI. Version 10, Further Extensions The Astrophysical Journal 909 (1): 38 [10.3847/1538-4357/abd8ce]

Chitta, L. P., H. Peter, and P. R. Young. 2021. Extreme-ultraviolet bursts and nanoflares in the quiet-Sun transition region and corona Astronomy & Astrophysics 647 A159 [10.1051/0004-6361/202039969]

Young, P. R., A. N. Ryabtsev, and E. Landi. 2021. Fe vii Emission Lines in the Wavelength Range 193–197 Å The Astrophysical Journal 908 (1): 104 [10.3847/1538-4357/abd39b]

Zouganelis, I., A. De Groof, A. P. Walsh, et al. D. R. Williams, D. Müller, O. C. St Cyr, F. Auchère, D. Berghmans, A. Fludra, T. S. Horbury, R. A. Howard, S. Krucker, M. Maksimovic, C. J. Owen, J. Rodríguez-Pacheco, M. Romoli, S. K. Solanki, C. Watson, L. Sanchez, J. Lefort, P. Osuna, H. R. Gilbert, T. Nieves-Chinchilla, L. Abbo, O. Alexandrova, A. Anastasiadis, V. Andretta, E. Antonucci, T. Appourchaux, A. Aran, C. N. Arge, G. Aulanier, D. Baker, S. D. Bale, M. Battaglia, L. Bellot Rubio, A. Bemporad, M. Berthomier, K. Bocchialini, X. Bonnin, A. S. Brun, R. Bruno, E. Buchlin, J. Büchner, R. Bucik, F. Carcaboso, R. Carr, I. Carrasco-Blázquez, B. Cecconi, I. Cernuda Cangas, C. H. Chen, L. P. Chitta, T. Chust, K. Dalmasse, R. D’Amicis, V. Da Deppo, R. De Marco, S. Dolei, L. Dolla, T. Dudok de Wit, L. van Driel-Gesztelyi, J. P. Eastwood, F. Espinosa Lara, L. Etesi, A. Fedorov, F. Félix-Redondo, S. Fineschi, B. Fleck, D. Fontaine, N. J. Fox, A. Gandorfer, V. Génot, M. K. Georgoulis, S. Gissot, A. Giunta, L. Gizon, R. Gómez-Herrero, C. Gontikakis, G. Graham, L. Green, T. Grundy, M. Haberreiter, L. K. Harra, D. M. Hassler, J. Hirzberger, G. C. Ho, G. Hurford, D. Innes, K. Issautier, A. W. James, N. Janitzek, M. Janvier, N. Jeffrey, J. Jenkins, Y. Khotyaintsev, K.-L. Klein, E. P. Kontar, I. Kontogiannis, C. Krafft, V. Krasnoselskikh, M. Kretzschmar, N. Labrosse, A. Lagg, F. Landini, B. Lavraud, I. Leon, S. T. Lepri, G. R. Lewis, P. Liewer, J. Linker, S. Livi, D. M. Long, P. Louarn, O. Malandraki, S. Maloney, V. Martinez-Pillet, M. Martinovic, A. Masson, S. Matthews, L. Matteini, N. Meyer-Vernet, K. Moraitis, R. J. Morton, S. Musset, G. Nicolaou, A. Nindos, H. O’Brien, D. Orozco Suarez, M. Owens, M. Pancrazzi, A. Papaioannou, S. Parenti, E. Pariat, S. Patsourakos, D. Perrone, H. Peter, R. F. Pinto, C. Plainaki, D. Plettemeier, S. P. Plunkett, J. M. Raines, N. Raouafi, H. Reid, A. Retino, L. Rezeau, P. Rochus, L. Rodriguez, L. Rodriguez-Garcia, M. Roth, A. P. Rouillard, F. Sahraoui, C. Sasso, J. Schou, U. Schühle, L. Sorriso-Valvo, J. Soucek, D. Spadaro, M. Stangalini, D. Stansby, M. Steller, A. Strugarek, Š. Štverák, R. Susino, D. Telloni, C. Terasa, L. Teriaca, S. Toledo-Redondo, J. C. del Toro Iniesta, G. Tsiropoula, A. Tsounis, K. Tziotziou, F. Valentini, A. Vaivads, A. Vecchio, M. Velli, C. Verbeeck, A. Verdini, D. Verscharen, N. Vilmer, A. Vourlidas, R. Wicks, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, T. Wiegelmann, P. R. Young, and A. N. Zhukov. 2020. The Solar Orbiter Science Activity Plan Astronomy & Astrophysics 642 A3 [10.1051/0004-6361/202038445]

Del Zanna, G., and P. R. Young. 2020. Atomic Data for Plasma Spectroscopy: The CHIANTI Database, Improvements and Challenges Atoms 8 (3): 46 [10.3390/atoms8030046]

Kucera, T. A., P. R. Young, J. A. Klimchuk, and C. E. DeForest. 2019. Spectroscopic Constraints on the Cross-sectional Asymmetry and Expansion of Active Region Loops The Astrophysical Journal 885 (1): 7 [10.3847/1538-4357/ab449e]

Cheung, M. C., B. De Pontieu, J. Martínez-Sykora, et al. P. Testa, A. R. Winebarger, A. Daw, V. Hansteen, P. Antolin, T. D. Tarbell, J.-P. Wuelser, and P. Young. 2019. Multi-component Decomposition of Astronomical Spectra by Compressed Sensing The Astrophysical Journal 882 (1): 13 [10.3847/1538-4357/ab263d]

Peter, H., Y.-M. Huang, L. P. Chitta, and P. R. Young. 2019. Plasmoid-mediated reconnection in solar UV bursts Astronomy & Astrophysics 628 A8 [10.1051/0004-6361/201935820]

Guglielmino, S. L., P. R. Young, F. Zuccarello, P. Romano, and M. Murabito. 2019. Impact of small-scale emerging flux from the photosphere to the corona: a case study from IRIS Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 15 (S354): 439-442 [10.1017/s1743921319009724]

Young, P. R. 2019. The Sun: Our own backyard plasma laboratory Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 15 (S350): 333-340 [10.1017/s1743921319008366]

Dere, K. P., G. D. Zanna, P. R. Young, E. Landi, and R. S. Sutherland. 2019. CHIANTI—An Atomic Database for Emission Lines. XV. Version 9, Improvements for the X-Ray Satellite Lines The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 241 (2): 22 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab05cf]

Guglielmino, S. L., P. R. Young, and F. Zuccarello. 2019. IRIS Observations of Magnetic Interactions in the Solar Atmosphere between Preexisting and Emerging Magnetic Fields. II. UV Emission Properties The Astrophysical Journal 871 (1): 82 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf79d]

Kerr, G. S., M. Carlsson, J. C. Allred, P. R. Young, and A. N. Daw. 2019. SI iv Resonance Line Emission during Solar Flares: Non-LTE, Nonequilibrium, Radiation Transfer Simulations The Astrophysical Journal 871 (1): 23 [10.3847/1538-4357/aaf46e]