Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Pawan Gupta


Pawan Gupta's Contact Card & Information.
Org Code: 618
Mail Code 618
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Brief Bio

Dr. Gupta is currently a research scientist – earth sciences in Biospheric Sciences Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. He co-leads NASA's AERONET Program. He has been leading and managing NASA's ARSET Air Quality team for more than ten years now. Dr. Gupta has led the development of more than 50 in-person and online training for ARSET and other NASA programs. He collaborates with the larger global earth science community on training and research. Previously, Dr. Gupta served as the portfolio manager for SERVIR's Applied Science Team. He managed more than 20 research projects spread out across multiple applied science research areas and operational in more than 30 countries. He has experience working with stakeholders, including US government agencies, state and local agencies, non-profit and private sectors, and international agencies (World Bank, WHO). Dr. Gupta's research expertise includes remote sensing methods, data product development, validation, and application development. He has also published more than 50 peer-reviewed research studies focusing on satellite algorithms, air quality, climate, statistical modeling, and machine learning and data fusion techniques. Dr. Gupta is the principal investigator on NASA-funded research projects. He is currently a member of NASA's multiple missions and science teams, including MODIS and VIIRS, NASA's citizen science, Making Earth System Data Records for Use in Research Environments (MEaSUREs), and the Health and Air Quality Applied Science Team (HAQAST). Dr. Gupta is also the lead for a HAQAST tiger team funded by NASA to integrate satellite data into EPA's AirNow air quality monitoring system. Dr. Gupta manages and leads this team, including researchers from multiple agencies, academia, and private sectors, including NOAA and US EPA.

Research Interests

Atmospheric Aerosols

Earth Science: Aerosols

Satellite Remote Sesning of Aerosols & Clouds

Earth Science: Remote Sensing

Current Projects

Applied Remote Sensing Training (ARSET) Program

Remote Sensing

AERONET - AErosol RObotic NETwork



Research Scientist

Universities Space Research Association - NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

May 2010 - November 2022

Selected Publications


2024. "Parameterizing spectral surface reflectance relationships for the Dark Target aerosol algorithm applied to a geostationary imager." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 17 (7): 1913-1939 [10.5194/amt-17-1913-2024] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "The unusual stubble burning season of 2020 in northern India: a satellite perspective." International Journal of Remote Sensing 44 (21): 6882-6896 [10.1080/01431161.2023.2277160] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Ground-level gaseous pollutants (NO2, SO2, and CO) in China: daily seamless mapping and spatiotemporal variations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 23 (2): 1511-1532 [10.5194/acp-23-1511-2023] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Hourly and Daily PM 2.5 Estimations Using MERRA‐2: A Machine Learning Approach." Earth and Space Science 9 (11): [10.1029/2022ea002375] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Machine Learning Algorithm for Estimating Surface PM2.5 in Thailand." Aerosol and Air Quality Research 21 (11): 210105 [10.4209/aaqr.210105] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "Satellite-based estimation of the impacts of summertime wildfires on PM<sub>2.5</sub> concentration in the United States." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 21 (14): 11243-11256 [10.5194/acp-21-11243-2021] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Surface and Satellite Observations of Air Pollution in India during COVID-19 Lockdown: Implication to Air Quality." Sustainable Cities and Society 102688 [10.1016/j.scs.2020.102688] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Climatological trends in satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over North India and its relationship with crop residue burning: Rural-urban contrast." Science of The Total Environment 748 140963 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140963] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "The Dark Target Algorithm for Observing the Global Aerosol System: Past, Present, and Future." Remote Sensing 12 (18): 2900 [10.3390/rs12182900] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "High-Resolution Gridded Level 3 Aerosol Optical Depth Data from MODIS." Remote Sensing 12 (17): 2847 [10.3390/rs12172847] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Retrieval of aerosols over Asia from the Advanced Himawari Imager: Expansion oftemporal coverage of the global Dark Target aerosol product." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 12 6557–6577 [10.5194/amt-12-6557-2019] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Impact of the ARSET Program on Use of Remote-Sensing Data." ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 8 (6): 261 [10.3390/ijgi8060261] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Impact of California Fires on Local and Regional Air Quality: The Role of a Low-Cost Sensor Network and Satellite Observations." GeoHealth [10.1029/2018gh000136] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Validation of MODIS 3 km land aerosol optical depth from NASA's EOS Terra and Aqua missions." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 11 (5): 3145-3159 [10.5194/amt-11-3145-2018] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA’s A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements." Aerosol and Air Quality Research 18 (7): 1756-1773 [10.4209/aaqr.2017.12.0583] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "An Evaluation of MODIS-Retrieved Aerosol Optical Depth over a Mountainous AERONET Site in the Southeastern US." Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 16 (12): 3243-3255 [10.4209/aaqr.2015.09.0568] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "A surface reflectance scheme for retrieving aerosol optical depth over urban surfaces in MODIS Dark Target retrieval algorithm." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 9 (7): 3293-3308 [10.5194/amt-9-3293-2016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Top-of-the-atmosphere shortwave flux estimation from satellite observations: an empirical neural network approach applied with data from the A-train constellation." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 9 (7): 2813-2826 [10.5194/amt-9-2813-2016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Monitoring and tracking the trans-Pacific transport of aerosols using multi-satellite aerosol optical depth composites." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 9 (6): 2463-2482 [10.5194/amt-9-2463-2016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Estimation of particulate matter from satellite- and ground-based observations over Hyderabad, India." International Journal of Remote Sensing 36 (24): 6192-6213 [10.1080/01431161.2015.1112929] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Satellite Observation of Atmospheric Compositions for Air Quality and Climate Study." Advances in Meteorology 2015 1-2 [10.1155/2015/932012] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Monitoring and tracking the trans-Pacific transport of aerosols using multi-satellite aerosol optical depth retrievals." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 8 (10): 10319-10360 [10.5194/amtd-8-10319-2015] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Effect of major dust storm on optical, physical, and radiative properties of aerosols over coastal and urban environments in Western India." International Journal of Remote Sensing 35 (3): 871-903 [10.1080/01431161.2013.873153] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Satellite data of atmospheric pollution for U.S. air quality applications: Examples of applications, summary of data end-user resources, answers to FAQs, and common mistakes to avoid." Atmospheric Environment 94 647-662 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.05.061] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "MODIS aerosol optical depth observations over urban areas in Pakistan: Quantity and quality of the data for air quality monitoring." Atmospheric Pollution Research 4 (1): 43-52 [10.5094/APR.2013.005] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Fast simulators for satellite cloud optical centroid pressure retrievals; evaluation of OMI cloud retrievals." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5 (3): 529-545 [Full Text] [10.5194/amt-5-529-2012] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Desert Dust Properties, Modelling, and Monitoring." Advances in Meteorology 2012 (483632): 1-2 [10.1155/2012/483632] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Synergistic Use of Remote Sensing and Modeling for Tracing Dust Storms in the Mediterranean." Advances in Meteorology 2012 (Article ID 861026): 1-14 [10.1155/2012/861026] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Dust storms and their horizontal dust loading in the Sistan region, Iran." Aeolian Research 5 51-62 [10.1016/j.aeolia.2011.12.001] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Multi-sensor satellite remote sensing of dust aerosols over North Africa during GERBILS." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 137 (658): 1168-1178 [10.1002/qj.863] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 137 (658): 1106-1116 [10.1002/qj.797] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Particulate matter air quality assessment using integrated surface, satellite, and meteorological products: 2. A neural network approach." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 114 (D20): [10.1029/2008JD011496] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Particulate matter air quality assessment using integrated surface, satellite, and meteorological products: Multiple regression approach." JGR [DOI 10.1029/2008JD011496] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "An evaluation of Terra-MODIS sampling for monthly and annual particulate matter air quality assessment over the Southeastern United States." Atmospheric Environment 42 (26): [doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.04.044] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "A Multisensor satellite-based assessment of biomass burning aerosol radiative impact over Amazonia." Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (D12): [10.1029/2007JD009486] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Seven year particulate matter air quality assessment from surface and satellite measurements." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 [doi:10.5194/acp-8-3311-2008] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "First observational estimates of global clear sky shortwave aerosol direct radiative effect over land." Geophys. Res. Lett 35 (4): L04810 [10.1029/2007GL032314] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Multisensor Data Product Fusion for Aerosol Research." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46 (5): 1407-1415 [10.1109/TGRS.2008.916087] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Relationship of loss, mean age of air and the distribution of CFCs to stratospheric circulation and implications for atmospheric lifetimes." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D14): D14309 [10.1029/2007JD009575] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Multi year satellite remote sensing of particulate matter air quality over Sydney, Australia." IJRS 28 (20): [10.1080/01431160701241738] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Satellite remote sensing of particulate matter and air quality assessment over global cities." Atmospheric Environment 40 (30): [doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.03.016] [Journal Article/Letter]