Multi-Scale Structure of the Universe
Worked for several years on novel algorithms for estimating the multi-scale stucture of the physical universe using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. This was compared with results derived from N-Body simulations such as a the Millennium Simulation.These types of comparisons tell one how well our present knowledge of how structures grow via gravitation fit the natural world.
General Circulation Modeling as applied to Planetary Atmospheres
Using the GISS General Circulation Model for modern day Earth simulations, in recent years we have expanded it's capabilities to model paleo Earth, modern and paleo Mars, and paleo Venus. We currently have funding to expand the model to the atmosphere of Titan.
Planetary Atmospheric Modeling
Currently using funding from NASA's PATM program to expand the capabilities of the GISS General Circulation Model to the atmosphere of present day Titan.
NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, NY 10025
February 2012 - Present
Research Scientist currently working on both the Multi-Scale Structure of the Universe and Planetary Atmospheric Modeling. 30-40% of time is also spent as the Computer Security Official for GISS.
Many duties are the same as those performed at NASA/Ames from 2000-2011.
NASA - Ames Research Center Space Science Division M.S. 245-6 Moffett Field, CA, 94035
November 2000 - 2011
PI and Co-I on several NASA research grants and directed funding projects. Two recent software projects that have come about from this funding are:
Lead editor on a book titled “Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy” published in January 2012, http://www.giss.nasa.gov/staff/mway/book
Act as an interface between Astronomers and Computer Scientists to foster collaborations and joint funding projects.
Continued research and publication in Astrophysical topics.
2004-2007: Computer Chief Security Officer (CSO) and Chief Information Officer (CIO) for the Science and Astrobiology Mission Directorate (SMD) at NASA/Ames Research Center (ARC). This involves understanding the computer security requirements of NASA, the science requirements of my directorate, and the systems and network architecture of Ames Research Center. 2000-2004 Acted as assistant to the former CSO and CIO for SMD at Ames.
Support scientific computing in the Astrophysics and Planetary Science Branches at ARC. This included building/maintaining a small beowulf cluster from my own research funds which was also used by other groups. Designed, built and maintained a 5TB database server of Astronomical data for interdisciplinary research.
End user consultations provided on occasion for a variety of products: Matlab, C, Fortran, shell, tex, perl, html, PGPlot, IRAF, IDL, Mathematica, etc.
Senior Technical Staff
Princeton University - Princeton, NJ
August 1997 - August 2000
Published several papers related to Ph.D. thesis regarding AGN in galaxy clusters.
Advisor to several undergraduate and graduate projects with department
Supported a 64 cpu SGI Origin 2000 supercomputer for the department.
Administered a network of 70+ desktop/server computers running various operating systems including: SUN (running SunOS and Solaris), SGI (Origin 2000, Origin 200, Indy: Irix 5.3-6.5), Intel (running Linux, NetBSD, WinNT and Win 95), and Apple.
Designed, built and ran a 17 node beowulf cluster in 1997.
End user support provided: Programming in C/C++, Fortran, cshell, awk, perl, html. Supported graphics, mathematical and image processing utilities(e.g. PGPlot, IRAF, IDL, AIPS, Mathematica, Matlab, etc).
Various Employers including Technology Applications Incorporated, The University of Missouri, The American Museum of Natural History, and others. - Various locations, but mostly in St. Louis, Missouri, and New York City.
February 1994 - August 2000
Offered network integration services to a variety of clients, but specifically included:
Hardware and software design, configuration and system administration of Internet Service Provider (ISP) system at Telecom New Zealand.
Assisted in construction of ISP specific software installation and configuration manual.
Configuration/installation of RAID disk arrays, firewall, radius, httpd, HA Failover, Xyplex Terminal Server, and other ISP related tools.
Worked in a team to help design and integrate the aforementioned system into the current Telecom New Zealand infrastructure.
Integrated a variety of networks consisting of SUN, SGI, RS6000, Apollo, HP-UX, VAX/VMS, Linux, Win 95/98, and Apple for print and file sharing.
Installed new computer hardware and software as needed and some end user support was provided.
Programming Languages/utilities used included: Unigraphics, C/C++, Fortran, shell, PGPlot, IRAF, IDL, AIPS.
M.S. 1991 Physics, University of Missouri - St.Louis
B.S. 1989 Physics, University of Missouri - Columbia
American Astronomical Society
1990 - Present
American Association for the Advancement of Science
2010 - Present
American Geophysical Union
2014 - Present
Space Science Chair
- "Origins of the Expanding Universe: 1912-1932", 2012/09, Lowell Observatory, http://www2.lowell.edu/workshops/slipher/ Principal Conference Organizer
- "An Odyssey in the Galaxy Archipelago", 2012/06, http://www.astro.uu.se/~bettan/odyssey/home.html
Science Organizing Committee member
- “The New York Workshop on Computer, Earth and Space Sciences 2011”, 2011/03, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, http://www.giss.nasa.gov/meetings/cess2011
- “The New York Workshop on Computer, Earth and Space Sciences”, 2009/03, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, http://www.giss.nasa.gov/meetings/cess2009
- “ROSES Code S & TWorkshop 2006”, 2006/03, NASA Ames Research Center, Space Sciences Auditorium, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/ROSES2006
- “NASA Applied Information Systems Research Program PI Meeting”, 2005/04, NASA Ames Research Center, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/AISRP2005
- “ROSES Code S & TWorkshop 2005”, 2005/02, NASA Ames Research Center, Space Sciences Auditorium, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/ROSES2005
- “NASA Applied Information Systems Research Program PI Meeting”, 2003/10, University of Pittsburgh, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/AISRP2003
- “NASA Applied Information Systems Research Program PI Meeting”, 2002/10, NASA Ames Research Center, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/AISRP2002
- “Space Science Data Understanding Workshop”, 2002/10, NASA Ames Research Center, Space Sciences Auditorium, http://astrophysics.arc.nasa.gov/ST2002
Other Professional Information
Spent 6 month sabbatical working with Andre Doroshkevich on using Minimal Spanning Trees on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and with Pavel Naselsky on WMAP Cosmic Microwave Background data.
Mogul, R., G. Avice, S. Limaye, and M. Way. 2023. Deriving new mixing ratios for Venus atmospheric gases using data from the Pioneer Venus Large Probe Neutral Mass Spectrometer MethodsX 11 102305 [10.1016/j.mex.2023.102305]
Widemann, T., S. E. Smrekar, J. B. Garvin, et al. A. G. Straume-Lindner, A. C. Ocampo, M. D. Schulte, T. Voirin, S. Hensley, M. D. Dyar, J. L. Whitten, D. C. Nunes, S. A. Getty, G. N. Arney, N. M. Johnson, E. Kohler, T. Spohn, J. G. O’Rourke, C. F. Wilson, M. J. Way, C. Ostberg, F. Westall, D. Höning, S. Jacobson, A. Salvador, G. Avice, D. Breuer, L. Carter, M. S. Gilmore, R. Ghail, J. Helbert, P. Byrne, A. R. Santos, R. R. Herrick, N. Izenberg, E. Marcq, T. Rolf, M. Weller, C. Gillmann, O. Korablev, L. Zelenyi, L. Zasova, D. Gorinov, G. Seth, C. V. Rao, and N. Desai. 2023. Venus Evolution Through Time: Key Science Questions, Selected Mission Concepts and Future Investigations Space Science Reviews 219 (7): 56 [10.1007/s11214-023-00992-w]
Salvador, A., G. Avice, D. Breuer, et al. C. Gillmann, H. Lammer, E. Marcq, S. N. Raymond, H. Sakuraba, M. Scherf, and M. J. Way. 2023. Magma Ocean, Water, and the Early Atmosphere of Venus Space Science Reviews 219 (7): 51 [10.1007/s11214-023-00995-7]
Westall, F., D. Höning, G. Avice, et al. D. Gentry, T. Gerya, C. Gillmann, N. Izenberg, M. J. Way, and C. Wilson. 2023. The Habitability of Venus Space Science Reviews 219 (2): 17 [10.1007/s11214-023-00960-4]
Way, M. J., C. Ostberg, B. J. Foley, et al. C. Gillmann, D. Höning, H. Lammer, J. O’Rourke, M. Persson, A.-C. Plesa, A. Salvador, M. Scherf, and M. Weller. 2023. Synergies Between Venus & Exoplanetary Observations Space Science Reviews 219 (1): 13 [10.1007/s11214-023-00953-3]
O’Rourke, J. G., C. F. Wilson, M. E. Borrelli, et al. P. K. Byrne, C. Dumoulin, R. Ghail, A. J. Gülcher, S. A. Jacobson, O. Korablev, T. Spohn, M. J. Way, M. Weller, and F. Westall. 2023. Venus, the Planet: Introduction to the Evolution of Earth’s Sister Planet Space Science Reviews 219 (1): 10 [10.1007/s11214-023-00956-0]
Turbet, M., T. J. Fauchez, D. E. Sergeev, et al. I. A. Boutle, K. Tsigaridis, M. J. Way, E. T. Wolf, S. D. Domagal-Goldman, F. Forget, J. Haqq-Misra, R. K. Kopparapu, F. H. Lambert, J. Manners, N. J. Mayne, and L. Sohl. 2022. The TRAPPIST-1 Habitable Atmosphere Intercomparison (THAI). I. Dry Cases—The Fellowship of the GCMs The Planetary Science Journal 3 (9): 211 [10.3847/psj/ac6cf0]
Fauchez, T. J., G. L. Villanueva, D. E. Sergeev, et al. M. Turbet, I. A. Boutle, K. Tsigaridis, M. J. Way, E. T. Wolf, S. D. Domagal-Goldman, F. Forget, J. Haqq-Misra, R. K. Kopparapu, J. Manners, and N. J. Mayne. 2022. The TRAPPIST-1 Habitable Atmosphere Intercomparison (THAI). III. Simulated Observables—the Return of the Spectrum The Planetary Science Journal 3 (9): 213 [10.3847/psj/ac6cf1]
Schmidt, F., M. J. Way, F. Costard, et al. S. Bouley, A. Séjourné, and I. Aleinov. 2022. Circumpolar ocean stability on Mars 3 Gy ago Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (4): e2112930118 [10.1073/pnas.2112930118]
Colose, C. M., J. Haqq-Misra, E. T. Wolf, et al. A. D. Del Genio, R. Barnes, M. J. Way, and R. Ruedy. 2021. Effects of Spin–Orbit Resonances and Tidal Heating on the Inner Edge of the Habitable Zone The Astrophysical Journal 921 (1): 25 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac135c]
Limaye, S. S., R. Mogul, K. H. Baines, et al. M. A. Bullock, C. Cockell, J. A. Cutts, D. M. Gentry, D. H. Grinspoon, J. W. Head, K.-L. Jessup, V. Kompanichenko, Y. J. Lee, R. Mathies, T. Milojevic, R. A. Pertzborn, L. Rothschild, S. Sasaki, D. Schulze-Makuch, D. J. Smith, and M. J. Way. 2021. Venus, an Astrobiology Target Astrobiology 21 (10): 1163-1185 [10.1089/ast.2020.2268]
Höning, D., P. Baumeister, J. L. Grenfell, N. Tosi, and M. J. Way. 2021. Early Habitability and Crustal Decarbonation of a Stagnant‐Lid Venus Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 126 (10): [10.1029/2021je006895]
Way, M. J., H. S. Davies, J. C. Duarte, and J. A. Green. 2021. The Climates of Earth’s Next Supercontinent: Effects of Tectonics, Rotation Rate, and Insolation Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 22 (8): [10.1029/2021gc009983]
Guzewich, S. D., M. J. Way, I. Aleinov, et al. E. T. Wolf, A. Del Genio, R. Wordsworth, and K. Tsigaridis. 2021. 3D Simulations of the Early Martian Hydrological Cycle Mediated by a H 2 ‐CO 2 Greenhouse Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 126 (7): [10.1029/2021je006825]
Fauchez, T. J., M. Turbet, D. E. Sergeev, et al. N. J. Mayne, A. Spiga, L. Sohl, P. Saxena, R. Deitrick, G. Gilli, S. D. Domagal-Goldman, F. Forget, R. Consentino, R. Barnes, J. Haqq-Misra, M. J. Way, E. T. Wolf, S. Olson, J. S. Crouse, E. Janin, E. Bolmont, J. Leconte, G. Chaverot, Y. Jaziri, K. Tsigaridis, J. Yang, D. Pidhorodetska, R. K. Kopparapu, H. Chen, I. A. Boutle, M. Lefevre, B. Charnay, A. Burnett, J. Cabra, and N. Bouldin. 2021. TRAPPIST Habitable Atmosphere Intercomparison (THAI) Workshop Report The Planetary Science Journal 2 (3): 106 [10.3847/psj/abf4df]
Blackledge, B. W., J. A. Green, R. Barnes, and M. J. Way. 2020. Tides on Other Earths: Implications for Exoplanet and Palaeo‐Tidal Simulations Geophysical Research Letters 47 (12): [10.1029/2019gl085746]
Way, M. J., and A. D. Del Genio. 2020. Venusian Habitable Climate Scenarios: Modeling Venus Through Time and Applications to Slowly Rotating Venus‐Like Exoplanets Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 125 (5): [10.1029/2019je006276]
Guzewich, S. D., J. Lustig-Yaeger, C. E. Davis, et al. R. K. Kopparapu, M. J. Way, and V. S. Meadows. 2020. The Impact of Planetary Rotation Rate on the Reflectance and Thermal Emission Spectrum of Terrestrial Exoplanets around Sunlike Stars The Astrophysical Journal 893 (2): 140 [10.3847/1538-4357/ab83ec]
Fauchez, T. J., M. Turbet, E. T. Wolf, et al. I. Boutle, M. J. Way, A. D. Del Genio, N. J. Mayne, K. Tsigaridis, R. K. Kopparapu, J. Yang, F. Forget, A. Mandell, and S. D. Domagal Goldman. 2020. TRAPPIST-1 Habitable Atmosphere Intercomparison (THAI): motivations and protocol version 1.0 Geoscientific Model Development 13 (2): 707-716 [10.5194/gmd-13-707-2020]
Del Genio, A. D., N. Y. Kiang, M. J. Way, et al. D. S. Amundsen, L. E. Sohl, Y. Fujii, M. Chandler, I. Aleinov, C. M. Colose, S. D. Guzewich, and M. Kelley. 2019. Albedos, Equilibrium Temperatures, and Surface Temperatures of Habitable Planets The Astrophysical Journal 884 (1): 75 [10.3847/1538-4357/ab3be8]
Kane, S. R., G. Arney, D. Crisp, et al. S. Domagal‐Goldman, L. S. Glaze, C. Goldblatt, D. Grinspoon, J. W. Head, A. Lenardic, C. Unterborn, M. J. Way, and K. J. Zahnle. 2019. Venus as a Laboratory for Exoplanetary Science Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 124 (8): 2015-2028 [10.1029/2019je005939]
Airapetian, V. S., R. Barnes, O. Cohen, et al. G. A. Collinson, W. C. Danchi, C. F. Dong, A. D. Del Genio, K. France, K. Garcia-Sage, A. Glocer, N. Gopalswamy, J. L. Grenfell, G. Gronoff, M. Güdel, K. Herbst, W. G. Henning, C. H. Jackman, M. Jin, C. P. Johnstone, L. Kaltenegger, C. D. Kay, K. Kobayashi, W. Kuang, G. Li, B. J. Lynch, T. Lüftinger, J. G. Luhmann, H. Maehara, M. G. Mlynczak, Y. Notsu, R. A. Osten, R. M. Ramirez, S. Rugheimer, M. Scheucher, J. E. Schlieder, K. Shibata, C. Sousa-Silva, V. Stamenković, R. J. Strangeway, A. V. Usmanov, P. Vergados, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, A. A. Vidotto, M. Voytek, M. J. Way, G. P. Zank, and Y. Yamashiki. 2019. Impact of space weather on climate and habitability of terrestrial-type exoplanets International Journal of Astrobiology 19 (2): 136-194 [10.1017/s1473550419000132]
Way, M., and J. Wang. 2019. Venus Topography and Boundary Conditions in 3D General Circulation Modeling Planetary Cartography and GIS. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography 325-335 [10.1007/978-3-319-62849-3_19]
Del Genio, A. D., M. J. Way, D. S. Amundsen, et al. I. Aleinov, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, and T. L. Clune. 2019. Habitable Climate Scenarios for Proxima Centauri b with a Dynamic Ocean Astrobiology 19 (1): 99-125 [10.1089/ast.2017.1760]
Way, M. J., A. D. Del Genio, I. Aleinov, et al. T. L. Clune, M. Kelley, and N. Y. Kiang. 2018. Climates of Warm Earth-like Planets. I. 3D Model Simulations The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 239 (2): 24 [10.3847/1538-4365/aae9e1]
Kane, S., G. Arney, D. Crisp, et al. S. Domagal-Goldman, L. Glaze, C. Goldblatt, A. Lenardic, C. Unterborn, and M. Way. 2018. Venus: The Making of an Uninhabitable World (white paper submitted in response to the solicitation of feedback for the "Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe" by the National Academy of Sciences) ArXiv e-prints
Way, M. J., I. Aleinov, D. S. Amundsen, et al. M. A. Chandler, T. L. Clune, A. Del Genio, Y. Fujii, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, L. Sohl, and K. Tsigaridis. 2017. Resolving Orbital and Climate Keys of Earth and Extraterrestrial Environments with Dynamics (ROCKE-3D) 1.0: A General Circulation Model for Simulating the Climates of Rocky Planets The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 231 (1): 12 [10.3847/1538-4365/aa7a06]
Scargle, J., M. Way, and P. Gazis. 2017. Structure in the 3D Galaxy Distribution. III. Fourier Transforming the Universe: Phase and Power Spectra The Astrophysical Journal 839 40 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa692d]
Way, M. J., A. D. Del Genio, N. Y. Kiang, et al. L. E. Sohl, D. H. Grinspoon, I. Aleinov, M. Kelley, and T. Clune. 2016. Was Venus the first habitable world of our solar system? Geophysical Research Letters 43 (16): 8376-8383 [10.1002/2016gl069790]
Georgakarakos, N., I. Dobbs-Dixon, and M. J. Way. 2016. Long term evolution of planetary systems with a terrestrial planet and a giant planet Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 461 (2): 1512-1528 [10.1093/mnras/stw1378]
Andrews, D. J., S. Barabash, N. J. Edberg, et al. D. A. Gurnett, B. E. Hall, M. Holmström, M. Lester, D. D. Morgan, H. J. Opgenoorth, R. Ramstad, B. Sanchez-Cano, M. Way, and O. Witasse. 2016. Plasma observations during the Mars atmospheric “plume” event of March-April 2012 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 121 (4): 3139-3154 [10.1002/2015ja022023]
Way, M. J. 2013. Dismantling Hubble's legacy? Origins of the Expanding Universe: 1912-1932 CS-471 97-134
Gazis, P. R., C. Levit, and M. J. Way. 2010. Viewpoints: A High-Performance High-Dimensional Exploratory Data Analysis Tool Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 122 (898): 1518-1525 [10.1086/657902]
Way, M. J., L. V. Foster, P. R. Gazis, and A. N. Srivastava. 2009. New Approaches to Photometric Redshift Prediction Via Gaussian Process Regression in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Astrophys J 706 (1): 623-636 [10.1088/0004-637X/706/1/623]
Quintana, H., D. Proust, G. Hertling, et al. A. Ramirez, I. Toledo, and M. J. Way. 2009. High relative velocity central dumbbells in poor clusters Astronomische Nachrichten 330 (9-10): 924-927 [10.1002/asna.200911264]
Foster, L., A. Waagen, N. Aijaz, et al. M. Hurley, A. Luis, J. Rinsky, C. Satyavolu, M. J. Way, P. Gazis, and A. Srivastava. 2009. Stable and efficient Gaussian process calculations J Mach Learn Res 10 857-882.
Way, M. J., H. Quintana, L. Infante, D. G. Lambas, and H. Muriel. 2005. Redshifts in the Southern Abell Redshift Survey Clusters. I. The Data The Astrophysical Journal 130 (5): 2012-2018 [10.1086/462418]
Chiang, L.-Y., P. D. Naselsky, O. V. Verkhodanov, and M. J. Way. 2003. Non-Gaussianity of the Derived Maps from the First-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe Data ApJL 590 (2): L65-L68 [10.1086/376822]
Muriel, H., H. Quintana, L. Infante, D. G. Lambas, and M. J. Way. 2002. Velocity Dispersions and Cluster Properties in the Southern Abell Redshift Survey Clusters. II. The Astronomical Journal 124 (4): 1934-1942 [10.1086/342854]
Talks, Presentations and Posters
Dismantling Hubble's Legacy?
American Astronomical Society Historical Astronomy Division Invited Speaker:
Big Mirrors, Bayesian Evangelists and the Public
Uppsala University Astronomy Department Colloquium:
“Multi-Scale Structure in 3-D Surveys and Simulations of the Universe” (Conference: An Odyssey in the Galaxy Archipelago, Stockholm Sweden)
The New Astrobiology Group at GISS
GISS lunch seminar