Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Brief Bio


I am a Staff Scientist in the Solar System Exploration Division at the NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. My research emphasizes using molecular spectroscopy to measure the abundances of sublimed ices in the nuclei of comets. An evolving taxonomy based on the composition of ices currently contains over 40 comets.

Research Interests


Composition of Ices in Comets

Solar System: Comets

Use high-resolution spectroscopy in the 2.8-5.2 micron wavelength region to establish production rates and relative abundances for up to 10 molecular species that are housed as ices in the nuclei of comets.  Long-slit spectra are obtained using state-of-the-art spectrographs at the NASA-IRTF and Keck Observatories.  As of late 2019, our taxonomic database includes more than 40 comets, both from the Oort cloud and scattered Kuiper belt dynamical reservoirs of comets.

Positions/Employment


Astrophysicst (Staff Research Scientist)

NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center

October 2002 - Present

Conducts basic research on ices in comets.

Supports missions to comets, through ground-based observations.

Supports Agency Goals

Teaching Experience


E/PO activities:

M. DiSanti mentored an undergraduate student, Constantinos Makrides, through the NAI Summer Undergraduate Internships in Astrobiology (SUIA) program. Mr. Makrides streamlined the calculation of line-by-line fluorescence efficiency factors for water, at one-degree intervals over a wide range of temperatures, for comparison with emissions seen in our comet spectra. This effort found immediate application in establishing the rotational temperature of H2O in, and amount of H2O released from comet Tempel-1. The methodology for measuring the excitation and production rate of H2O is completely analogous to that developed for H2CO.
M. DiSanti is also the node contact for the research effort, within the Minority Institution Astrobiology Cooperative (MIAC), to systematically observe comets through emission-line filters at optical wavelengths. This effort is led by Dr. Donald Walter (South Carolina State University), and will utilize telescopes in Arizona. Imaging studies on the Kitt Peak 1.3-m telescope are in the science-testing phase. The molecules giving rise to the IR emissions are photo-dissociated in the coma, producing the .daughter. fragments (radicals) to be targeted by the MIAC filter imaging program.
Lastly, M. DiSanti talked to three second grade classes (including his son.s) at Thunder Hill Elementary School about the solar system and how comets can tell us about its early stages, similar to how dinosaur fossils can tell us about Earth at earlier times.

Education


1989 Ph.D., Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721.
Thesis title: "The production and spatial distribution of neutral and ionized water vapor in comet P/ Halley."
1980 M.S., Physics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.
1978 B.S., Astrophysics, University of New Mexico;
B.A., Chemistry, University of New Mexico.

Professional Societies


Division for Planetary Sciences, American Astronomical Society

1986 - Present


NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG)

Member

2009 - 2018


NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG)

SBAG Steering Committee"Comet Expert"

2018 - Present

Professional Service


Participation in NASA Peer Review panels for ROSES proposals

Review of manuscripts submitted for publication in professional journals

Participation in "Red Team" reviews for both ROSES and mission proposals

Awards


2009 - Peer Award, Solar System Exploration Division, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center

Grants


Establishing [O I] Observations as a Proxy for CO2 Production in Comets

Research Opportunities for Space and Earth Science (ROSES) - NASA Planetary Science Division (PSD) (SolarSystemWorkings) - Awarded: 2019-09-27


Dates: 2019-11-01  - 2022-10-31

Coverage: 0.3


Photonic Integrated Circuit TUned for Reconnaissance and Exploration (PICTURE)

PICASSO - NASA PSD - Awarded: 2019-05-03


Dates: 2019-07-01  - 2022-06-30

Coverage: 0.24


Infrared Spectroscopy of Cometary Parent Volatiles: Ties to Formative Conditions

ROSES - NASA PSD (Solar System Obs) - Awarded: 2019-03-12


Dates: 2019-01-01  - 2021-12-31

Coverage: 1.05

Amount 350K

Publications


Refereed

Bonev, B. P., N. Dello Russo, H. Kawakita, et al. R. J. Vervack, M. A. DiSanti, Y. Shinnaka, T. Ootsubo, E. L. Gibb, M. R. Combi, K. Altwegg, N. Biver, J. Crovisier, G. Doppmann, G. L. Villanueva, Y. Khan, C. T. Ejeta, M. Saki, A. J. McKay, A. L. Cochran, E. Jehin, N. X. Roth, M. A. Cordiner, and Y. Shou. 2023. The Return of the Rosetta Target: Keck Near-infrared Observations of Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko in 2021 The Astronomical Journal 166 (6): 233 [10.3847/1538-3881/acee59]

Roth, N. X., S. N. Milam, M. A. DiSanti, et al. G. L. Villanueva, S. Faggi, B. P. Bonev, M. A. Cordiner, A. J. Remijan, D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, J. Crovisier, D. C. Lis, S. B. Charnley, E. Jehin, E. S. Wirström, and A. J. McKay. 2023. Molecular Outgassing in Centaur 29P/Schwassmann–Wachmann 1 during Its Exceptional 2021 Outburst: Coordinated Multiwavelength Observations Using nFLASH at APEX and iSHELL at the NASA-IRTF The Planetary Science Journal 4 (9): 172 [10.3847/psj/ace1e9]

Khan, Y., E. L. Gibb, N. X. Roth, et al. M. A. DiSanti, N. Dello Russo, B. P. Bonev, C. T. Ejeta, M. Saki, R. J. Vervack, A. J. McKay, H. Kawakita, M. R. Combi, D. Qasim, and Y. Shou. 2023. Comprehensive Study of the Chemical Composition and Spatial Outgassing Behavior of Hyperactive Comet 46P/Wirtanen Using Near-IR Spectroscopy during its Historic 2018 Apparition The Astronomical Journal 165 (6): 231 [10.3847/1538-3881/acc074]

Biver, N., D. Bockelée-Morvan, J. Crovisier, et al. A. Sandqvist, J. Boissier, D. C. Lis, M. Cordiner, B. P. Bonev, N. Dello Russo, R. Moreno, S. Milam, N. X. Roth, R. Vervack, and M. A. DiSanti. 2023. Coma composition of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko from radio-wave spectroscopy Astronomy & Astrophysics 672 A170 [10.1051/0004-6361/202245672]

DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, N. Dello Russo, et al. A. J. McKay, N. X. Roth, M. Saki, E. L. Gibb, R. J. Vervack, Y. Khan, and H. Kawakita. 2021. Volatile Composition and Outgassing in C/2018 Y1 (Iwamoto): Extending Limits for High-resolution Infrared Cometary Spectroscopy between 2.8 and 5.0 μm The Planetary Science Journal 2 (6): 225 [10.3847/psj/ac07ae]

Bonev, B. P., N. Dello Russo, M. A. DiSanti, et al. E. C. Martin, G. Doppmann, R. J. Vervack, G. L. Villanueva, H. Kawakita, E. L. Gibb, M. R. Combi, N. X. Roth, M. Saki, A. J. McKay, M. A. Cordiner, D. Bodewits, J. Crovisier, N. Biver, A. L. Cochran, Y. Shou, Y. Khan, and K. Venkataramani. 2021. First Comet Observations with NIRSPEC-2 at Keck: Outgassing Sources of Parent Volatiles and Abundances Based on Alternative Taxonomic Compositional Baselines in 46P/Wirtanen The Planetary Science Journal 2 (2): 45 [10.3847/psj/abd03c]

McKay, A. J., M. A. DiSanti, A. L. Cochran, et al. B. P. Bonev, N. D. Russo, R. J. Vervack, E. Gibb, N. X. Roth, M. Saki, Y. Khan, and H. Kawakita. 2021. Quantifying the Hypervolatile Abundances in Jupiter-family Comet 46P/Wirtanen The Planetary Science Journal 2 (1): 21 [10.3847/psj/abd71d]

Khan, Y., E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, et al. N. X. Roth, M. Saki, M. A. DiSanti, N. D. Russo, R. J. Vervack, A. J. McKay, M. R. Combi, Y. Shou, M. A. Cordiner, H. Kawakita, N. Fougere, and S. Protopapa. 2021. Testing Short-term Variability and Sampling of Primary Volatiles in Comet 46P/Wirtanen The Planetary Science Journal 2 (1): 20 [10.3847/psj/abc95c]

Saki, M., E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, et al. N. X. Roth, M. A. DiSanti, N. D. Russo, R. J. Vervack, A. J. McKay, and H. Kawakita. 2020. Carbonyl Sulfide (OCS): Detections in Comets C/2002 T7 (LINEAR), C/2015 ER61 (PanSTARRS), and 21P/Giacobini–Zinner and Stringent Upper Limits in 46P/Wirtanen The Astronomical Journal 160 (4): 184 [10.3847/1538-3881/aba522]

Roth, N. X., E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. DiSanti, N. D. Russo, A. J. McKay, R. J. Vervack, H. Kawakita, M. Saki, N. Biver, D. Bockelée-Morvan, L. M. Feaga, N. Fougere, A. L. Cochran, M. Combi, and Y. Shou. 2020. Probing the Evolutionary History of Comets: An Investigation of the Hypervolatiles CO, CH4, and C2H6 in the Jupiter-family Comet 21P/Giacobini–Zinner The Astronomical Journal 159 (2): 42 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab536b]

McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, N. Dello Russo, and M. DiSanti. 2020. Detection of a Water Tracer in Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov The Astrophysical Journal Letters 889 (1): L10 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab64ed]

Dello Russo, N., H. Kawakita, B. P. Bonev, et al. R. J. Vervack, E. L. Gibb, Y. Shinnaka, N. X. Roth, M. A. DiSanti, and A. J. McKay. 2020. Post-perihelion volatile production and release from Jupiter-family comet 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdušáková Icarus 335 (1): 113411 [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113411]

McKay, A. J., M. A. DiSanti, M. S. Kelley, et al. M. M. Knight, M. Womack, K. Wierzchos, O. H. Pinto, B. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, N. D. Russo, A. L. Cochran, N. Biver, J. Bauer, R. J. Vervack, E. Gibb, N. Roth, and H. Kawakita. 2019. The Peculiar Volatile Composition of CO-dominated Comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS) The Astronomical Journal 158 (3): 128 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab32e4]

Biver, N., D. Bockelée-Morvan, G. Paubert, et al. R. Moreno, J. Crovisier, J. Boissier, E. Bertrand, H. Boussier, F. Kugel, A. McKay, N. Dello Russo, and M. A. DiSanti. 2018. The extraordinary composition of the blue comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS) Astronomy & Astrophysics 619 A127 [10.1051/0004-6361/201833449]

McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, H. Weaver, R. J. Vervack, W. M. Harris, and H. Kawakita. 2018. Evolution of H2O production in comet C/2012 S1 (ISON) as inferred from forbidden oxygen and OH emission Icarus 309 1-12 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.02.024]

DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, E. L. Gibb, et al. L. Paganini, G. L. Villanueva, M. J. Mumma, J. V. Keane, G. A. Blake, N. D. Russo, K. J. Meech, R. J. Vervack, and A. J. McKay. 2016. En Route To Destruction: The Evolution in Composition of Ices in Comet D/2012 S1 (ISON) Between 1.2 and 0.34 Au from the Sun as Revealed at Infrared Wavelengths The Astrophysical Journal 820 (1): 34 [10.3847/0004-637x/820/1/34]

Gicquel, A., S. N. Milam, I. M. Coulson, et al. G. L. Villanueva, M. A. Cordiner, S. B. Charnley, M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and S. Szutowicz. 2015. THE EVOLUTION OF VOLATILE PRODUCTION IN COMET C/2009 P1 (GARRADD) DURING ITS 2011–2012 APPARITION The Astrophysical Journal 807 (1): 19 [10.1088/0004-637x/807/1/19]

Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, and M. J. Mumma. 2013. Solar fluorescence model of CH3D as applied to comet emission Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 291 118-124 [10.1016/j.jms.2013.05.007]

Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, M. F. A’Hearn, and N. Dello Russo. 2013. High-resolution infrared spectroscopic measurements of Comet 2P/Encke: Unusual organic composition and low rotational temperatures Icarus 223 (1): 298-307 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.11.023]

Lippi, M., G. L. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, et al. H. Böhnhardt, M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, and D. Prialnik. 2013. A new model for theν1vibrational band of HCN in cometary comae, with application to three comets Astronomy & Astrophysics 551 A51 [10.1051/0004-6361/201219903]

DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, and M. J. Mumma. 2012. HIGHLY DEPLETED ETHANE AND MILDLY DEPLETED METHANOL IN COMET 21P/GIACOBINI-ZINNER: APPLICATION OF A NEW EMPIRICAL ν2-BAND MODEL FOR CH3OH NEAR 50 K The Astrophysical Journal 763 (1): 1 [10.1088/0004-637x/763/1/1]

Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, E. Sudholt, and Y. Radeva. 2012. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMET C/2007 N3 (LULIN): ANOTHER ‘‘ATYPICAL’’ COMET The Astrophysical Journal 750 (2): 102 [10.1088/0004-637x/750/2/102]

Villanueva, G. L., M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and L.-H. Xu. 2012. A QUANTUM BAND MODEL OF THE ν3FUNDAMENTAL OF METHANOL (CH3OH) AND ITS APPLICATION TO FLUORESCENCE SPECTRA OF COMETS The Astrophysical Journal 747 (1): 37 [10.1088/0004-637x/747/1/37]

Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, B. Bonev, et al. R. Novak, R. Barber, and M. DiSanti. 2012. Water in planetary and cometary atmospheres: H2O/HDO transmittance and fluorescence models Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 113 (3): 202-220 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.11.001]

Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, M. DiSanti, et al. B. Bonev, E. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Blake, and C. Salyk. 2011. The molecular composition of Comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini): Evidence of a peculiar outgassing and a rich chemistry Icarus 216 (1): 227-240 [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.08.024]

Heldmann, J. L., A. Colaprete, D. H. Wooden, et al. R. F. Ackermann, D. D. Acton, P. R. Backus, V. Bailey, J. G. Ball, W. C. Barott, S. K. Blair, M. W. Buie, S. Callahan, N. J. Chanover, Y. Choi, A. Conrad, D. M. Coulson, K. B. Crawford, R. Dehart, I. de Pater, M. Disanti, J. R. Forster, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, T. Geballe, J. D. Gibson, D. Goldstein, S. A. Gregory, D. J. Gutierrez, R. T. Hamilton, T. Hamura, D. E. Harker, G. R. Harp, J. Haruyama, M. Hastie, Y. Hayano, P. Hinz, P. K. Hong, S. P. James, T. Kadono, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, D. L. Kim, K. Kurosawa, D. Lee, M. Long, P. G. Lucey, K. Marach, A. C. Matulonis, R. M. McDermid, R. McMillan, C. Miller, H. Moon, R. Nakamura, H. Noda, N. Okamura, L. Ong, D. Porter, J. J. Puschell, J. T. Rayner, J. J. Rembold, K. C. Roth, R. J. Rudy, R. W. Russell, E. V. Ryan, W. H. Ryan, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Sekine, M. A. Skinner, M. S™ma, A. W. Stephens, A. Storrs, R. M. Suggs, S. Sugita, E. Sung, N. Takatoh, J. C. Tarter, S. M. Taylor, H. Terada, C. J. Trujillo, V. Vaitheeswaran, F. Vilas, B. D. Walls, J. Watanabe, W. J. Welch, C. E. Woodward, H. Yim, and E. F. Young. 2011. LCROSS (Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite) Observation Campaign: Strategies, Implementation, and Lessons Learned Space Sci Rev 167 (1-4): 93-140 [10.1007/s11214-011-9759-y]

Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. Disanti, G. L. Villanueva, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and H. A. Weaver. 2010. The organic composition of Comet C/2000 WM1 (LINEAR) revealed through infrared spectroscopy Icarus 206 764 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.09.014]

Mumma, M. J., G. L. Villanueva, R. E. Novak, et al. T. Hewagama, B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, A. M. Mandell, and M. D. Smith. 2009. Strong Release of Methane on Mars in Northern Summer 2003 Science 323 1041 [10.1126/science.1165243]

Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, S. N. Milam, et al. L. N. Zack, B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, L. M. Ziurys, and W. M. Anderson. 2009. A multi-wavelength study of parent volatile abundances in Comet C/2006 M4 (SWAN) Icarus 203 589 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.05.026]

Magee-Sauer, K., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. The organic composition of Comet C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) I Evidence for an unusual organic chemistry Icarus 194 347 [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.10.006]

Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, Y. L. Radeva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, E. L. Gibb, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. The Peculiar Volatile Composition of Comet 8P/Tuttle: A Contact Binary of Chemically Distinct Cometesimals? The Astrophysical Journal 680 L61 [10.1086/589649]

Disanti, M. A., and M. J. Mumma. 2008. Reservoirs for Comets: Compositional Differences Based on Infrared Observations Space Science Reviews 138 127 [10.1007/s11214-008-9361-0]

Böhnhardt, H., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, B. P. Bonev, M. Lippi, and H. U. Käufl. 2008. The Unusual Volatile Composition of the Halley-Type Comet 8P/Tuttle: Addressing the Existence of an Inner Oort Cloud The Astrophysical Journal 683 L71 [10.1086/591446]

Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. Disanti, R. S. Ellis, K. Magee-Sauer, and N. Dello Russo. 2007. A Search for Variation in the H2O Ortho-Para Ratio and Rotational Temperature in the Inner Coma of Comet C/2004 Q2 (Machholz) The Astrophysical Journal 661 L97 [10.1086/518419]

Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, B. P. Bonev, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, J. E. Lyke, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. Temporal evolution of parent volatiles and dust in Comet 9P/Tempel 1 resulting from the Deep Impact experiment Icarus 191 481 [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.10.042]

Gibb, E. L., M. A. Disanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. Dello Russo, B. P. Bonev, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. The organic composition of C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) II Search for heterogeneity within a comet nucleus Icarus 188 224 [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.009]

DiSanti, M. A., W. M. Anderson, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. Depleted Carbon Monoxide in Fragment C of the Jupiter-Family Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 The Astrophysical Journal 661 L101 [10.1086/518716]

Dello Russo, N., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, I. S. McLean, and L. Xu. 2006. A high-resolution infrared spectral survey of Comet C/1999 H1 Lee Icarus 184 255 [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.04.020]

DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. D. Russo, M. J. Mumma, D. C. Reuter, and G. L. Villanueva. 2006. Detection of Formaldehyde Emission in Comet C/2002 T7 (LINEAR) at Infrared Wavelengths: Line-by-Line Validation of Modeled Fluorescent Intensities The Astrophysical Journal 650 470 [10.1086/507118]

Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, R. S. Ellis, and D. P. Stark. 2006. A Comprehensive Study of Infrared OH Prompt Emission in Two Comets I Observations and Effective g-Factors The Astrophysical Journal 653 774 [10.1086/508452]

Villanueva, G. L., B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, M. A. DiSanti, C. Salyk, and G. A. Blake. 2006. The Volatile Composition of the Split Ecliptic comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3: A Comparison of Fragments C and B The Astrophysical Journal 650 L87 [10.1086/508806]

Dello Russo, N., B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, et al. M. J. Mumma, E. L. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, R. J. Barber, and J. Tennyson. 2005. Water Production Rates, Rotational Temperatures, and Spin Temperatures in Comets C/1999 H1 (Lee), C/1999 S4, and C/2001 A2 The Astrophysical Journal 621 537 [10.1086/427473]

Meech, K. J., N. Ageorges, M. F. A'Hearn, et al. C. Arpigny, A. Ates, J. Aycock, S. Bagnulo, J. Bailey, R. Barber, L. Barrera, R. Barrena, J. M. Bauer, M. J. Belton, F. Bensch, B. Bhattacharya, N. Biver, G. Blake, D. Bockelée-Morvan, H. Boehnhardt, B. P. Bonev, T. Bonev, M. W. Buie, M. G. Burton, H. M. Butner, R. Cabanac, R. Campbell, H. Campins, M. T. Capria, T. Carroll, F. Chaffee, S. B. Charnley, R. Cleis, A. Coates, A. Cochran, P. Colom, A. Conrad, I. M. Coulson, J. Crovisier, J. deBuizer, R. Dekany, J. de Léon, N. Dello Russo, A. Delsanti, M. DiSanti, J. Drummond, L. Dundon, P. B. Etzel, T. L. Farnham, P. Feldman, Y. R. Fernández, M. D. Filipovic, S. Fisher, A. Fitzsimmons, D. Fong, R. Fugate, H. Fujiwara, T. Fujiyoshi, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, E. Gibb, O. Groussin, S. Gulkis, M. Gurwell, E. Hadamcik, O. Hainaut, D. Harker, D. Harrington, M. Harwit, S. Hasegawa, C. W. Hergenrother, P. Hirst, K. Hodapp, M. Honda, E. S. Howell, D. Hutsemékers, D. Iono, W. Ip, W. Jackson, E. Jehin, Z. J. Jiang, G. H. Jones, P. A. Jones, T. Kadono, U. W. Kamath, H. U. Käufl, T. Kasuga, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, F. Kerber, M. Kidger, D. Kinoshita, M. Knight, L. Lara, S. M. Larson, S. Lederer, C. Lee, A. C. Levasseur-Regourd, J. Y. Li, Q. Li, J. Licandro, Z. Lin, C. M. Lisse, G. LoCurto, A. J. Lovell, S. C. Lowry, J. Lyke, D. Lynch, J. Ma, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Maheswar, J. Manfroid, O. Marco, P. Martin, G. Melnick, S. Miller, T. Miyata, G. H. Moriarty-Schieven, N. Moskovitz, B. E. Mueller, M. J. Mumma, S. Muneer, D. A. Neufeld, T. Ootsubo, D. Osip, S. K. Pandea, E. Pantin, R. Paterno-Mahler, B. Patten, B. E. Penprase, A. Peck, G. Petitpas, N. Pinilla-Alonso, J. Pittichova, E. Pompei, T. P. Prabhu, C. Qi, R. Rao, H. Rauer, H. Reitsema, S. D. Rodgers, P. Rodriguez, R. Ruane, G. Ruch, W. Rujopakarn, D. K. Sahu, S. Sako, I. Sakon, N. Samarasinha, J. M. Sarkissian, I. Saviane, M. Schirmer, P. Schultz, R. Schulz, P. Seitzer, T. Sekiguchi, F. Selman, M. Serra-Ricart, R. Sharp, R. L. Snell, C. Snodgrass, T. Stallard, G. Stecklein, C. Sterken, J. A. Stüwe, S. Sugita, M. Sumner, N. Suntzeff, R. Swaters, S. Takakuwa, N. Takato, J. Thomas-Osip, E. Thompson, A. T. Tokunaga, G. P. Tozzi, H. Tran, M. Troy, C. Trujillo, J. Van Cleve, R. Vasundhara, R. Vazquez, F. Vilas, G. Villanueva, K. von Braun, P. Vora, R. J. Wainscoat, K. Walsh, J. Watanabe, H. A. Weaver, W. Weaver, M. Weiler, P. R. Weissman, W. F. Welsh, D. Wilner, S. Wolk, M. Womack, D. Wooden, L. M. Woodney, C. Woodward, Z. Wu, J. Wu, T. Yamashita, B. Yang, Y. Yang, S. Yokogawa, A. C. Zook, A. Zauderer, X. Zhao, X. Zhou, and J. Zucconi. 2005. Deep Impact: Observations from a Worldwide Earth-Based Campaign Science 310 265 [10.1126/science.1118978]

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Selected Public Outreach


Comets as Fossils: An Emerging Compositional Taxonomy through Infrared (2.8-5.2 micron) Spectroscopy

April 2021 - Present

Talk given to the Goddard Astronomy Club on March 9, emphasizing results since 2016 that have dramatically increased the number of short-period comets (by at least 7), and also added several long-period comets.