Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Martin Andrew Cordiner

(RESEARCH ASSOCIATE)

 martin.cordiner@nasa.gov

 301.286.8797

Org Code: 691

NASA/GSFC
Mail Code: 691
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Employer: CATHOLIC UNIV OF AMERICA

Brief Bio


Dr. Martin Cordiner is a Research Associate Professor at the Department of Physics, Catholic University of America. He works as a full-time researcher in astrochemistry and planetary science at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. Dr. Cordiner's research aims to understand the chemistry and physics of solar system bodies, interstellar clouds and circumstellar environments, using a combination of ground and space-based observations, combined with detailed computer simulations. By studying the origin and evolution of complex organic molecules as matter passes from interstellar clouds to circumstellar disks and planetary surfaces, Dr. Cordiner's research constitutes part of NASA's ongoing effort to understand the chemical conditions that could lead to life in the universe.

Research Interests


Research Interests

Solar System: Astrochemistry

Ground and space-based spectroscopy of gas and dust in Solar System bodies (including comets and icy sattelites), interstellar clouds and circumstellar environments, at wavelengths from the optical to radio. 

Interferometric mapping of organic molecules in comets, protostars and Titan's atmosphere.

Chemical kinetic modeling of hydrocarbons, nitriles and negative ions in cometary atmospheres, star-forming regions and stellar outflows.

Radiative transfer and excitation modeling of molecular emission lines in extraterrestrial sources.

Observations of Galactic and Extragalactic diffuse interstellar bands, including optical studies of fullerenes and small-scale strcuture in the ISM.
 

Positions/Employment


Research Associate Professor

Catholic University of America - Washington DC

July 2021 - Present


Principal Investigator in Astrochemistry and Planetary Science

Catholic University of America - Washington DC

October 2014 - June 2021


Research Associate in Astrochemistry and Astrobiology

Catholic University of America - Washington DC

March 2009 - October 2014


Research Fellow in Molecular Astrophysics

Queen's University - Belfast, UK

October 2006 - February 2009

 


Business Science Fellow

South African Astronomical Observatory - Cape Town, South Africa

June 2006 - September 2006

 

Education


2006 - Ph.D in Astrochemistry, The University of Nottingham, UK
2001 - MSci Hons. Physics, University of Bristol, UK

Professional Societies


American Astronomical Society

2009 - Present

Awards


NASA Robert H. Goddard Exceptional Achievement for Science Award 2015. For interferometric mapping of cometary and planetary atmospheres.

Selected Publications


Refereed

Cordiner, M. A., N. X. Roth, S. N. Milam, et al. G. L. Villanueva, D. Bockelée-Morvan, A. J. Remijan, S. B. Charnley, N. Biver, D. C. Lis, C. Qi, B. P. Bonev, J. Crovisier, and J. Boissier. 2023. Gas Sources from the Coma and Nucleus of Comet 46P/Wirtanen Observed Using ALMA The Astrophysical Journal 953 (1): 59 [10.3847/1538-4357/ace0bc]

Cordiner, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, H. Wiesemeyer, et al. S. N. Milam, I. de Pater, A. Moullet, R. Aladro, C. A. Nixon, A. E. Thelen, S. B. Charnley, J. Stutzki, V. Kofman, S. Faggi, G. Liuzzi, R. Cosentino, and B. A. McGuire. 2022. Phosphine in the Venusian Atmosphere: A Strict Upper Limit From SOFIA GREAT Observations Geophysical Research Letters 49 (22): [10.1029/2022gl101055]

Cordiner, M. A., I. M. Coulson, E. Garcia-Berrios, et al. C. Qi, F. Lique, M. Zołtowski, M. de Val-Borro, Y.-J. Kuan, W.-H. Ip, S. Mairs, N. X. Roth, S. B. Charnley, S. N. Milam, W.-L. Tseng, and Y.-L. Chuang. 2022. A SUBLIME 3D Model for Cometary Coma Emission: The Hypervolatile-rich Comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS) The Astrophysical Journal 929 (1): 38 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac5893]

Cordiner, M. A., and S. B. Charnley. 2021. Neutral–neutral synthesis of organic molecules in cometary comae Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 504 (4): 5401-5408 [10.1093/mnras/stab1123]

Cordiner, M. A., E. Garcia-Berrios, R. G. Cosentino, et al. N. A. Teanby, C. E. Newman, C. A. Nixon, A. E. Thelen, and S. B. Charnley. 2020. Detection of Dynamical Instability in Titan’s Thermospheric Jet The Astrophysical Journal 904 (1): L12 [10.3847/2041-8213/abc688]

Cordiner, M. A., S. N. Milam, N. Biver, et al. D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. X. Roth, E. A. Bergin, E. Jehin, A. J. Remijan, S. B. Charnley, M. J. Mumma, J. Boissier, J. Crovisier, L. Paganini, Y.-J. Kuan, and D. C. Lis. 2020. Unusually high CO abundance of the first active interstellar comet Nature Astronomy [10.1038/s41550-020-1087-2]

Cordiner, M. A., N. A. Teanby, C. A. Nixon, et al. V. Vuitton, A. E. Thelen, and S. B. Charnley. 2019. ALMA Spectral Imaging of Titan Contemporaneous with Cassini's Grand Finale The Astronomical Journal 158 (2): 76 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab2d20]

Cordiner, M. A., H. Linnartz, N. L. Cox, et al. J. Cami, F. Najarro, C. R. Proffitt, R. Lallement, P. Ehrenfreund, B. H. Foing, T. R. Gull, P. J. Sarre, and S. B. Charnley. 2019. Confirming Interstellar C60 + Using the Hubble Space Telescope The Astrophysical Journal 875 (2): L28 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab14e5]

Cordiner, M. A., M. Y. Palmer, M. D. Val-Borro, et al. S. B. Charnley, L. Paganini, G. Villanueva, D. Bockelée-Morvan, N. Biver, A. J. Remijan, Y.-J. Kuan, S. N. Milam, J. Crovisier, D. C. Lis, and M. J. Mumma. 2019. ALMA Autocorrelation Spectroscopy of Comets: The HCN/H13CN Ratio in C/2012 S1 (ISON) The Astrophysical Journal 870 (2): L26 [10.3847/2041-8213/aafb05]

Cordiner, M. A., C. A. Nixon, S. B. Charnley, et al. N. A. Teanby, E. M. Molter, Z. Kisiel, and V. Vuitton. 2018. Interferometric Imaging of Titan’s HC3N, H13CCCN, and HCCC15N The Astrophysical Journal 859 (1): L15 [10.3847/2041-8213/aac38d]

Lai, J.-Y., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, E. Molter, N. Teanby, M. Palmer, S. Charnley, J. Lindberg, Z. Kisiel, M. Mumma, and P. Irwin. 2017. Mapping Vinyl Cyanide and Other Nitriles in Titan's Atmosphere Using ALMA The Astronomical Journal 154 206 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa8eef]

de Val-Borro, M., S. N. Milam, M. A. Cordiner, et al. S. B. Charnley, I. M. Coulson, A. J. Remijan, and G. L. Villanueva. 2017. Measuring molecular abundances in comet C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) using the APEX telescope Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 474 (1): 1099-1107 [10.1093/mnras/stx2802]

Palmer, M., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. S. Charnley, N. Teanby, Z. Kisiel, P. Irwin, and M. Mumma. 2017. ALMA detection and astrobiological potential of vinyl cyanide on Titan Science Advances 3 e1700022 [10.1126/sciadv.1700022]

Cordiner, M. A., N. L. Cox, R. Lallement, et al. F. Najarro, J. Cami, T. R. Gull, B. H. Foing, H. Linnartz, D. J. Lindler, C. R. Proffitt, P. J. Sarre, and S. B. Charnley. 2017. Searching for Interstellar C60+ Using a New Method for High Signal-to-noise HST/STIS Spectroscopy The Astrophysical Journal 843 (1): L2 [10.3847/2041-8213/aa78f7]

Cordiner, M. A., J. Boissier, S. B. Charnley, et al. A. J. Remijan, M. J. Mumma, G. Villanueva, D. C. Lis, S. N. Milam, L. Paganini, J. Crovisier, D. Bockelee-Morvan, Y.-J. Kuan, N. Biver, and I. M. Coulson. 2017. ALMA Mapping of Rapid Gas and Dust Variations in Comet C/2012 S1 (ISON):New Insights into the Origin of Cometary HNC The Astrophysical Journal 838 (2): 147 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6590]

Cordiner, M. A., N. Biver, J. Crovisier, et al. D. Bockelée-Morvan, M. J. Mumma, S. B. Charnley, G. Villanueva, L. Paganini, D. C. Lis, S. N. Milam, A. J. Remijan, I. M. Coulson, Y.-J. Kuan, and J. Boissier. 2017. Thermal Physics of the Inner Coma: ALMA Studies of the Methanol Distribution and Excitation in Comet C/2012 K1 (PanSTARRS) The Astrophysical Journal 837 (2): 177 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa6211]

Lindberg, J. E., S. B. Charnley, J. K. Jørgensen, M. A. Cordiner, and P. Bjerkeli. 2017. EXTERNALLY HEATED PROTOSTELLAR CORES IN THE OPHIUCHUS STAR-FORMING REGION The Astrophysical Journal 835 (1): 3 [10.3847/1538-4357/835/1/3]

Lindberg, J. E., S. B. Charnley, and M. A. Cordiner. 2016. ON THE ORIGIN OF C4H AND CH3OH IN PROTOSTELLAR ENVELOPES The Astrophysical Journal 833 (1): L14 [10.3847/2041-8213/833/1/l14]

Cordiner, M. A., A. C. Boogert, S. B. Charnley, et al. K. Justtanont, N. L. Cox, R. G. Smith, A. G. Tielens, E. S. Wirström, S. N. Milam, and J. V. Keane. 2016. On the nature of the enigmatic object IRAS 19312+1950: “A rare phase of massive star formation? The Astrophysical Journal 828 (1): 51 [10.3847/0004-637x/828/1/51]

Molter, E. M., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, et al. J. Serigano, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, S. B. Charnley, and J. E. Lindberg. 2016. ALMA OBSERVATIONS OF HCN AND ITS ISOTOPOLOGUES ON TITAN The Astronomical Journal 152 (2): 42 [10.3847/0004-6256/152/2/42]

Serigano, J., C. A. Nixon, M. A. Cordiner, et al. P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, S. B. Charnley, and J. E. Lindberg. 2016. Isotopic ratios of carbon and oxygen in Titan's CO using ALMA The Astrophysical Journal 821 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8205/821/1/l8]

Cordiner, M. A., M. Y. Palmer, C. A. Nixon, P. G. Irwin, and N. A. Teanby. 2015. Ethyl Cyanide On Titan: Spectroscopic Detection and Mapping Using ALMA ApJ 800 L14

Cordiner, M. A., C. A. Nixon, N. Teanby, et al. P. G. Irwin, J. Serigano, G. L. Villanueva, and L. Paganini. 2014. ALMA Measurements of the HNC and HC3N Distributions in Titans Atmosphere ApJ 795 L30

Cordiner, M. A., A. Remijan, J. Boissier, et al. S. N. Milam, M. J. Mumma, L. Paganini, and G. L. Villanueva. 2014. Mapping the release of volatiles in the inner comae of comets C/2012 F6 (Lemmon) and C/2012 S1 (ISON) using the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array ApJ 792 L2

Cordiner, M. A., and S. B. Charnley. 2014. Negative ion chemistry in the coma of comet 1P/Halley Meteoritics and Planetary Science 49 21

McElroy, D., C. Walsh, A. J. Markwick, et al. M. A. Cordiner, K. Smith, and T. J. Millar. 2013. The UMIST database for astrochemistry 2012 A&A 550 36

Cordiner, M. A., J. V. Buckle, E. S. Wirstroem, A. O. Olofsson, and S. B. Charnley. 2013. On the ubiquity of molecular anions in the dense interstellar medium ApJ 770 48

Cordiner, M. A., and S. B. Charnley. 2012. Gas-grain chemical models for interstellar carbon chain anions ApJ 749 120

Cordiner, M. A., S. B. Charnley, E. S. Wirstroem, and R. G. Smith. 2012. Organic chemistry of low-mass star-forming cores I: 7 mm spectroscopy of Chamaeleon MMS1 ApJ 744 131

Wirstroem, E. S., S. B. Charnley, M. A. Cordiner, and S. N. Milam. 2012. Isotopic Anomalies in Primitive Solar System Matter: Spin-state-dependent Fractionation of Nitrogen and Deuterium in Interstellar Clouds ApJ 757 L11

Liszt, H., P. Sonnentrucker, M. Cordiner, and M. Gerin. 2012. The abundance of C3H2 and other small hydrocarbons in the diffuse interstellar medium ApJ 753 L28

Cordiner, M. A., S. B. Charnley, J. V. Buckle, C. Walsh, and T. J. Millar. 2011. Discovery of Interstellar Anions in Cepheus and Auriga The Astrophysical Journal Letters 730 L18 [10.1088/2041-8205/730/2/L18]

Non-Refereed

Molter, E., C. Nixon, M. Cordiner, et al. S. Charnley, P. Irwin, J. Serigano, and N. Teanby. 2016. Observations of HCN and its Isotopologues on Titan using ALMA American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts 227 141.19