Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Mark Carroll


Mark Carroll's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 301.614.6974
Org Code: 606.3
Mail Code 606
Greenbelt, MD 20771


Senior Support Scientist

Sigma Space Corporation - NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center

October 2011 - Present

Remote Sensing Scientist (Faculty Research Assistant)

University of Maryland - College Park, Md

March 2000 - October 2011

Worked on product development using MODIS data to create global land surface products.  Led the development of the Vegetative Cover Conversion product and the creation of a new global water map.  Contributed to the development of the Vegetation Continuous Fields product.

Physical Science Technician

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center - Edgewater, MD

August 1997 - March 2000

Installed and maintained a network of automated water sampling stations in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.  Processed water samples using standard wet chemistry techniques for 23 nutrient components.  Developed automated methods for processing water samples with automated water analysis equipment.

Biological Science Technician

US Fish and Wildlife Service - Patuxent Wildlife Research Refuge

June 1996 - August 1997

Collect and analyze macroinvertebrate samples from reconstructed wetlands on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.


Determining the extent and dynamics of surface water for the ABoVE field campaign

Determining the extent and dynamics of surface water for the ABoVE field campaign - NASA - Awarded: 2013-06-01

Dates: 2013-06-01  - 2015-05-31

Measuring Impact - USAID-Forestry and Biodiversity office - Awarded: 2012-11-01

Dates:  - 

Analysis of forest cover change in developing countries in Africa - ICF - Macro International Corp. - Awarded: 2013-06-13

Dates:  - 

Vegetation Continuous Fields ESDR for the AVHRR and MODIS Records: 1981 - Present - NASA - MEASURES - Awarded: 2013-04-13

Dates:  - 

RECOVER: Rehabilitation Capability Convergence for Ecosystem Recovery - NASA - Applications Wildfires program - Awarded: 2012-10-01

Dates:  - 

Enhanced Land Cover Products from MODIS: Vegetation Continuous Fields Algorithm Maintenance and Refinements - NASA - Science of Terra and Aqua - Awarded: 2010-04-01

Dates:  - 

Global Mapping of Surface Water using MODIS and SRTM at 250m Spatial Resolution - NASA Terrestrial Ecology - Awarded: 2008-09-01

Dates:  - 



2024. "A shift in transitional forests of the North American boreal will persist through 2100." Communications Earth & Environment 5 (1): 290 [10.1038/s43247-024-01454-z] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Training Strategies of CNN for Land Cover Mapping with High Resolution Multi-Spectral Imagery in Senegal." IGARSS 2023 - 2023 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium [10.1109/igarss52108.2023.10283308] [Proceedings]

2023. "Large-Scale Distributed Compositing and Statistics Framework For Very-High-Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery." IGARSS 2023 - 2023 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium [10.1109/igarss52108.2023.10283222] [Proceedings]

2023. "Producing a Science-Ready Commercial Data Archive: A Workflow for Estimating Surface Reflectance for High Resolution Multispectral Imagery." IGARSS 2023 - 2023 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium [10.1109/igarss52108.2023.10281820] [Proceedings]

2023. "Optimizing WorldView-2, -3 cloud masking using machine learning approaches." Remote Sensing of Environment 284 113332 [10.1016/j.rse.2022.113332] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Estimating crop type and yield of small holder fields in Burkina Faso using multi-day Sentinel-2." Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment 27 100820 [10.1016/j.rsase.2022.100820] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Remote Sensing Powered Containers for Big Data and AI/ML Analysis: Accelerating Science, Standardizing Operations." IGARSS 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium [10.1109/igarss46834.2022.9883436] [Proceedings]

2020. "Fusion Approach for Remotely-Sensed Mapping of Agriculture (FARMA): A Scalable Open Source Method for Land Cover Monitoring Using Data Fusion." Remote Sensing 12 (20): 3459 [10.3390/rs12203459] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Monitoring Water-Related Ecosystems with Earth Observation Data in Support of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 Reporting." Remote Sensing 12 (10): 1634 [10.3390/rs12101634] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "A multi-modal approach for monitoring changes in agriculture in the Mekong River delta." Proceedings of IEEE IGARSS 2020 [10.1109/IGARSS39084.2020.9324083] [Proceedings]

2020. "Space‐Based Observations for Understanding Changes in the Arctic‐Boreal Zone." Reviews of Geophysics 58 (1): 2019RG000652 [10.1029/2019rg000652] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "An API for Spaceborne Sub-Meter Resolution Products for Earth Science." IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium [10.1109/igarss.2019.8898358] [Proceedings]

2019. "Exploiting the convergence of evidence in satellite data for advanced weather index insurance design." Weather, Climate, and Society 11 (1): 65–93 [10.1175/wcas-d-17-0111.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Smallholder crop area mapped with wall-to-wall WorldView sub-meter panchromatic image texture: A test case for Tigray, Ethiopia." Remote Sensing of Environment 212 8-20 [10.1016/j.rse.2018.04.025] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Extracting smallholder cropped area in Tigray, Ethiopia with wall-to-wall sub-meter WorldView and moderate resolution Landsat 8 imagery." Remote Sensing of Environment 202 142-151 [10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.040] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Multi-Decadal Surface Water Dynamics in North American Tundra." Remote Sensing 9 (6): 497 [10.3390/rs9050497] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Development of an operational land water mask for MODIS Collection 6, and influence on downstream data products." International Journal of Digital Earth 10 (2): 207-218 [10.1080/17538947.2016.1232756] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "In situ air temperature and humidity measurements over diverse land covers in Greenbelt, Maryland, November 2013–November 2015." Earth System Science Data 8 (2): 415-423 [10.5194/essd-8-415-2016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Quantifying Surface Water Dynamics at 30 Meter Spatial Resolution in the North American High Northern Latitudes 1991–2011." Remote Sensing 8 (8): 622 [10.3390/rs8080622] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Calculating Crop Water Requirement Satisfaction in the West Africa Sahel with Remotely Sensed Soil Moisture." Journal of Hydrometerology 16 295-305 [10.1175/JHM-D-14-0049.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "User needs and assessing the impact of low latency NASA Earth observation data availability on societal benefit." Space Policy 30 (3, Part A): 135–137 [10.1016/j.spacepol.2014.05.002] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Using satellite remote sensing and household survey data to assess human health and nutrition response to environmental change." Population and Environment 36 (1): 48-72 [10.1007/s11111-013-0201-0] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "A new application to facilitate post-fire recovery and rehabilitation in Savanna ecosystems." Earthzine [Full Text] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "A Comparative Review of North American Tundra Delineations." ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 2 (2): 324-348 [10.3390/ijgi2020324] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "A new global raster water mask at 250 m resolution." International Journal of Digital Earth 2 (4): 291-308 [10.1080/17538940902951401] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Rapid Assessment of Annual Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon Using MODIS Data." Earth Interact. 9 (8): 1-22 [10.1175/ei139.1] [Journal Article/Letter]


2017. "ABoVE: Study Domain and Standard Reference Grids, Version 2." ORNL DAAC [] [Dataset]

2017. "The NASA Global Flood Mapping System." Remote Sensing of Hydrological Extremes 47-63 [DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-43744-6_3] [Article in Book]

2013. "ICE, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2) Applications Plan." NASA Goddard Space Flight Center [Full Text] [Report]