Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Kelly M Brunt



Org Code: 615

Mail Code: 615
Greenbelt, MD 20771


Brief Bio

Dr. Kelly Brunt is a Research Scientist with the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), at the University of Maryland. She currently has an Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) assignment with the National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs, where she is a Program Director for both the Arctic Sciences and Antarctic Sciences sections. She is also affiliated with the Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory, at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, as part of the NASA Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2) mission. She obtained a B.S. in Geology from Syracuse University and an M.S. in Geology from the University of Montana. She received her Ph.D. in Geophysics from the University of Chicago in 2008, modeling ice-shelf flow and the connection between the ocean and the margins of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. As a postdoctoral scholar at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, she used ICESat laser altimetry data to examine the structure of the grounded margins of our polar ice sheets. Her broader interests include the remote-sensing and modeling of Greenland and Antarctica.


Ph.D., Geophysics (Glaciology), University of Chicago (2008)

M.S., Geology (Tectonics and Paleomagnetism), University of Montana (1997)

B.S., Geology, Syracuse University (1993)



Khan, S. A., W. Colgan, T. A. Neumann, et al. M. R. van den Broeke, K. M. Brunt, B. Noël, J. L. Bamber, J. Hassan, and A. A. Bjørk. 2022. Accelerating Ice Loss From Peripheral Glaciers in North Greenland Geophysical Research Letters 49 (12): [10.1029/2022gl098915]

Magruder, L. A., K. Brunt, T. Neumann, B. Klotz, and M. Alonzo. 2021. Passive ground-based optical techniques for monitoring the on-orbit ICESat-2 altimeter geolocation and footprint diameter Earth and Space Science 8 (10): e2020EA001414 [10.1029/2020EA001414]

Olsen, K. G., T. A. Hurford, N. Schmerr, et al. K. M. Brunt, S. Zipparo, M.-H. Huang, H. Cole, and R. C. Aster. 2021. Projected seismic activity at the Tiger Stripe Fractures on Enceladus, Saturn from an analog study of tidally modulated icequakes within the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets []

Brunt, K. M., B. E. Smith, T. C. Sutterley, N. T. Kurtz, and T. A. Neumann. 2021. Comparisons of Satellite and Airborne Altimetry With Ground‐Based Data From the Interior of the Antarctic Ice Sheet Geophysical Research Letters 48 (2): [10.1029/2020gl090572]

Fricker, H. A., P. Arndt, K. M. Brunt, et al. R. T. Datta, Z. Fair, M. F. Jasinski, J. Kingslake, L. A. Magruder, M. Moussavi, A. Pope, J. J. Spergel, J. D. Stoll, and B. Wouters. 2020. ICESat‐2 melt depth retrievals: application to surface melt on Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2020gl090550]

Fair, Z., M. Flanner, K. M. Brunt, H. A. Fricker, and A. Gardner. 2020. Using ICESat-2 and Operation IceBridge altimetry for supraglacial lake depth retrievals The Cryosphere 14 (11): 4253-4263 [10.5194/tc-14-4253-2020]

Hawley, R. L., T. A. Neumann, C. M. Stevens, K. M. Brunt, and T. C. Sutterley. 2020. Greenland Ice Sheet Elevation Change: Direct Observation of Process and Attribution at Summit Geophysical Research Letters 47 (22): [10.1029/2020gl088864]

Magruder, L. A., K. M. Brunt, and M. Alonzo. 2020. Early ICESat-2 on-orbit Geolocation Validation Using Ground-Based Corner Cube Retro-Reflectors Remote Sensing 12 (21): 3653 [10.3390/rs12213653]

Smith, B., H. A. Fricker, A. S. Gardner, et al. B. Medley, J. Nilsson, F. S. Paolo, N. Holschuh, S. Adusumilli, K. Brunt, B. Csatho, K. Harbeck, T. Markus, T. Neumann, M. R. Siegfried, and H. J. Zwally. 2020. Pervasive ice sheet mass loss reflects competing ocean and atmosphere processes Science eaaz5845 [10.1126/science.aaz5845]

Brunt, K. M., T. A. Neumann, and B. E. Smith. 2019. Assessment of ICESat‐2 ice sheet surface heights, based on comparisons over the interior of the Antarctic Ice Sheet Geophysical Research Letters 46 [10.1029/2019GL084886]

Magruder, L., T. Neumann, H. Fricker, et al. S. Farrell, K. Brunt, A. Gardner, D. Hancock, K. Harbeck, M. Jasinski, R. Kwok, N. Kurtz, J. Lee, T. Markus, J. Morison, A. Neuenschwander, S. Palm, S. Popescu, B. Smith, and Y. Yang. 2019. New Earth Orbiter Provides a Sharper Look at a Changing Planet Eos 100 [10.1029/2019eo133233]

Neumann, T. A., A. J. Martino, T. Markus, et al. S. Bae, M. R. Bock, A. C. Brenner, K. M. Brunt, J. Cavanaugh, S. T. Fernandes, D. W. Hancock, K. Harbeck, J. Lee, N. T. Kurtz, P. J. Luers, S. B. Luthcke, L. Magruder, T. A. Pennington, L. Ramos-Izquierdo, T. Rebold, J. Skoog, and T. C. Thomas. 2019. The Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite – 2 mission: A global geolocated photon product derived from the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System Remote Sensing of Environment 233 111325 [10.1016/j.rse.2019.111325]

Smith, B., H. A. Fricker, N. Holschuh, et al. A. S. Gardner, S. Adusumilli, K. M. Brunt, B. Csatho, K. Harbeck, A. Huth, T. Neumann, J. Nilsson, and M. R. Siegfried. 2019. Land ice height-retrieval algorithm for NASA's ICESat-2 photon-counting laser altimeter Remote Sensing of Environment 111352 [10.1016/j.rse.2019.111352]

Brunt, K. M., T. A. Neumann, and C. F. Larsen. 2019. Assessment of altimetry using ground-based GPS data from the 88S Traverse, Antarctica, in support of ICESat-2 The Cryosphere 13 (2): 579-590 [10.5194/tc-13-579-2019]

Borsa, A., K. M. Brunt, and H. A. Fricker. 2019. A terrestrial validation of ICESat elevation measurements IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 57 (9): 6946–6959 [10.1109/TGRS.2019.2909739]

Crawford, C. J., J. van den Bosch, K. M. Brunt, et al. M. G. Hom, J. W. Cooper, D. J. Harding, J. J. Butler, P. W. Dabney, T. A. Neumann, C. S. Cleckner, and T. Markus. 2019. Radiometric calibration of a non-imaging airborne spectrometer to measure the Greenland Ice Sheet surface Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 1-37 [10.5194/amt-2018-170]

Magruder, L. A., and K. M. Brunt. 2018. Performance Analysis of Airborne Photon-Counting Lidar Data in Preparation for the ICESat-2 Mission IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing PP (99): 1-8 [10.1109/tgrs.2017.2786659]

Sun, X., J. B. Abshire, A. A. Borsa, et al. H. A. Fricker, D. Yi, J. P. Dimarzio, F. S. Paolo, K. M. Brunt, D. J. Harding, and G. A. Neumann. 2017. ICESAT/GLAS Altimetry Measurements: Received Signal Dynamic Range and Saturation Correction IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 1-15 [10.1109/tgrs.2017.2702126]

Scambos, T., R. Bell, R. Alley, et al. S. Anandakrishnan, D. Bromwich, K. Brunt, K. Christianson, T. Creyts, S. Das, R. DeConto, P. Dutrieux, H. Fricker, D. Holland, J. MacGregor, B. Medley, J. Nicolas, D. Pollard, M. Siegfried, A. Smith, E. Steig, L. Trusel, D. Vaughan, and P. Yager. 2017. How much, how fast?: A science review and outlook for research on the instability of Antarctica's Thwaites Glacier in the 21st century Global and Planetary Change 153 16-34 [10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.04.008]

Brunt, K. M., R. L. Hawley, E. R. Lutz, et al. M. Studinger, J. G. Sonntag, M. A. Hofton, L. C. Andrews, and T. A. Neumann. 2017. Assessment of NASA airborne laser altimetry data using ground-based GPS data near Summit Station, Greenland The Cryosphere 11 (2): 681-692 [10.5194/tc-11-681-2017]

Markus, T., T. Neumann, A. Martino, et al. W. Abdalati, K. Brunt, B. Csatho, S. Farrell, H. Fricker, A. Gardner, D. Harding, M. Jasinski, R. Kwok, L. Magruder, D. Lubin, S. B. Luthcke, J. Morison, R. Nelson, A. Neuenschwander, S. Palm, S. Popescu, C. Shum, B. E. Schutz, B. Smith, Y. Yang, and J. Zwally. 2017. The Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2): Science requirements, concept, and implementation Remote Sensing of Environment 190 260-273 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.12.029]

Jasinski, M., J. Stoll, W. Cook, et al. M. Ondrusek, E. Stengel, and K. Brunt. 2016. Inland and Near Shore Water Profiles Derived from the High Altitude, Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL) Journal of Coastal Research (Special Issue 76): 44-55 [10.2112/SI76-005]

Brunt, K. M., T. A. Neumann, J. M. Amundson, et al. J. L. Kavanaugh, M. S. Moussavi, K. M. Walsh, W. B. Cook, and T. Markus. 2016. MABEL photon-counting laser altimetry data in Alaska for ICESat-2 simulations and development The Cryosphere 10 (4): 1707-1719 [10.5194/tc-10-1707-2016]

Brunt, K. M., and J. A. Macgregor. 2015. What Instruments are Available for Polar Studies? Eos 96 [10.1029/2015EO026855]

Farrell, S. L., K. M. Brunt, J. M. Kuhn, L. N. Connor, and K. M. Walsh. 2015. Sea ice freeboard retrieval using digital photon-counting laser altimetry Annals of Glaciology 56 (69): 167-174 [10.3189/2015AoG69A686]

Borsa, A. A., G. Moholdt, H. A. Fricker, and K. M. Brunt. 2014. A range correction for ICESat and its potential impact on ice-sheet mass balance studies The Cryosphere 8 (2): 345-357 [10.5194/tc-8-345-2014]

Walker, R. T., B. R. Parizek, R. B. Alley, K. M. Brunt, and S. Anandakrishnan. 2014. Ice-shelf flexure and tidal forcing of Bindschadler Ice Stream, West Antarctica Earth and Planetary Science Letters 395 184-193 [10.1016/j.epsl.2014.03.049]

Brunt, K. M., T. A. Neumann, K. M. Walsh, and T. Markus. 2014. Determination of Local Slope on the Greenland Ice Sheet Using a Multibeam Photon-Counting Lidar in Preparation for the ICESat-2 Mission IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 11 (5): 935-939 [10.1109/LGRS.2013.2282217]

Kwok, R., T. Markus, J. Morison, et al. S. P. Palm, T. A. Neumann, K. M. Brunt, W. B. Cook, D. W. Hancock, and G. F. Cunningham. 2014. Profiling Sea Ice with a Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL) Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 31 (5): 1151-1168 [10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00120.1]

Hurford, T. A., and K. M. Brunt. 2014. Antarctic analog for dilational bands on Europa Earth and Planetary Science Letters 401 275-283 [10.1016/j.epsl.2014.05.015]

Brunt, K. M., and D. R. MacAyeal. 2014. Tidal modulation of ice-shelf flow: a viscous model of the Ross Ice Shelf Journal of Glaciology 60 (221): 500-508 [10.3189/2014JoG13J203]

Brunt, K. M., H. Fricker, and L. Padman. 2011. Analysis of ice plains of Filchner/Ronne Ice Shelf Antarctica using ICESat laser altimetry Journal of Glaciolog 57 (205): 965-975 [10.3189/002214311798043753]

Bindschadler, R. A., H. Choi, A. Wichlacz, et al. R. Bingham, J. Bohlander, K. M. Brunt, H. Corr, R. Drews, H. Fricker, M. Hall, R. Hindmarsh, J. Kohler, L. Padman, W. Rack, G. Rotschky, S. Urbini, P. L. Vornberger, and N. Young. 2011. Getting around Antarctica: new high-resolution mappings of the grounded and freely-floating boundaries of the Antarctic ice sheet created for the International Polar Year The Cryosphere 5 (3): 569-588 [10.5194/tc-5-569-2011]

Brunt, K. M., E. A. Okal, and D. R. MacAyeal. 2011. Antarctic ice-shelf calving triggered by the Honshu (Japan) earthquake and tsunami, March 2011 Journal of Glaciology 57 (205): 785-788 [10.3189/002214311798043681]

Brunt, K. M., H. Fricker, L. Padman, T. Scambos, and S. O'Neel. 2010. Mapping the grounding zone of the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, using ICESat laser altimetry Annals of Glaciology 51 (55): 71-79 [10.3189/172756410791392790]

Brunt, K. M., M. King, H. A. Fricker, and D. R. MacAyeal. 2010. Flow of the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, is modulated by the ocean tide Journal of Glaciology 56 (195): 157-161 [10.3189/002214310791190875]

Fricker, H. A., R. Coleman, L. Padman, et al. T. A. Scambos, J. Bohlander, and K. M. Brunt. 2009. Mapping the grounding zone of the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica using InSAR, MODIS and ICESat Antarctic Science 21 (5): 515-532 [10.1017/S095410200999023X]

MacAyeal, D. R., M. H. Okal, J. E. Thom, et al. K. M. Brunt, Y. J. Kim, and A. K. Bliss. 2008. Tabular iceberg collisions within the coastal regime Journal of Glaciology 54 (185): 371-386 [10.3189/002214308784886180]

MacAyeal, D. R., E. A. Okal, R. C. Aster, et al. J. N. Bassis, K. M. Brunt, L. M. Cathles, R. Drucker, H. A. Fricker, Y. J. Kim, S. Martin, M. H. Okal, O. V. Sergienko, M. P. Sponsler, and J. E. Thom. 2006. Transoceanic wave propagation links iceberg calving margins of Antarctica with storms in tropics and Northern Hemisphere Geophysical Research Letters 33 (17): L17502 [10.1029/2006GL027235]

Brunt, K. M., O. Sergienko, and D. R. MacAyeal. 2006. Observations of unusual fast-ice conditions in the southwest Ross Sea, Antarctica: preliminary analysis of iceberg and storminess effects Annals of Glaciology 44 (1): 183-187 [10.3189/172756406781811754]