Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Jae Nyung Lee


Jae Nyung Lee's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 301.614.6189
Org Code: 613
Mail Code 613
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Brief Bio

 Dr. Jae N. Lee received a PhD in Marine and Atmospheric Science from Stony Brook University and a BS in Physics from Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. The primary focus of her research activities has been in the application of remote sensing observations to climate studies, with particular emphasis on the sun-climate connections. She is currently working on TSIS (Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor) mission. Her current research interests include the observation of total and spectral solar irradiance, analysis of solar irradiance variability, and its impact on earth’s climate. She uses numerical models of the sun and earth’s atmosphere as well, to investigate solar activities, climate variability and their interconnections. Since her NASA NPP fellow years at JPL, she found interests in remote sensing of earth’s radiation to addressing the climate change from both the natural and anthropogenic effects, especially in the Arctic region.

Research Interests

Sun-Climate Interaction

Earth Science: Solar Radiation

 My current research interests include observation of total and spectral solar irradiance, analysis of solar irradiance variability, and its impact on earth’s climate.  I use numerical models of the sun and earth’s atmosphere as well as remote sensing observations to investigate solar activities, climate variability and their interconnections. Besides this, I also find that remote sensing of cloud and aerosol is an important problem to addressing the climate change from both the natural and anthropogenic forcings.  


"Scientific Leadership Award" by NASA Climate and Radiation Lab. for outstanding leadership in Sun-Climate research, 2024.

“Special act beyond the call of duty” by NASA Climate and Radiation Lab. for successful CRL seminar organizer, 2020.

"Group Achievement Award to Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor TSIS-1" for outstanding expertise leading to a development and launch of the TSIS-1 mission on the ISS, 2020.

"Piers J. Sellers award" for Interdisciplinary science, by NASA/GSFC Sciences and Exploration Directorate at 12th Annual New Year's Poster Party, 2019.

"Special Recognition Award", by NASA Earth Science Division Atmospheres, for outstanding support of the TSIS-1 mission development, 2017.

“Outstanding Scientific Support”, by NASA climate and radiation laboratory, for SORCE science and of TSIS instrument development for the NASA/NOAA JPSS free-flyer mission, 2014.

“Certificate of Recognition”, by NASA and NOAA JPSS Directors, in recognition of her contributions to the successful completion of the JPSS Program’s Key Decision Point-I and Key Decision Point-C milestones, 2013.

"World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Award for Outstanding Poster Presentation", at WCRP Open Science Conference, 2011.




2023. "Decadal changes in the Antarctic sea ice response to the changing ENSO in the last four decades." Atmosphere 14 (11): 1659 [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2023. "Seasonality of the Migrating Semidiurnal Tide in the Tropical Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere and its Thermodynamic and Momentum Budget." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 128 (2): e2022JA031035 [10.1029/2022JA031035] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Impact of the Arctic Oscillation from March on summertime sea ice." Environmental Research: Climate 1 021001 [10.1088/2752-5295/ac91e8] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Non‐Gaussian Distributions of TOA SW Flux as Observed by MISR and CERES." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 127 (14): [10.1029/2022jd036636] [Journal Article/Letter]

2022. "Aura/MLS observes, and SD-WACCM-X simulates the seasonality, quasi-biennial oscillation and El Nino Southern Oscillation of the migrating diurnal tide driving upper mesospheric CO primarily through vertical advection." Atmos. Chem. Phys. [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2021. "An investigation on seasonal and diurnal cycles of TOA shortwave radiations from DSCOVR/EPIC, CERES, MERRA-2, and ERA5." Remote Sensing 13 (21): 4595 [10.3390/rs13224595] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Interannual Variations of TOA Albedo over the Arctic, Antarctic and Tibetan Plateau in 2000–2019." Remote Sensing 12 (9): 1460 [10.3390/rs12091460] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Solar cycle modulation of nighttime ozone near the mesopause as observed by MLS." Earth and Space Science e2019EA001063 [10.1029/2019ea001063] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Modeling Quiet Solar Luminosity Variability from TSI Satellite Measurements and Proxy Models during 1980–2018." Remote Sensing 11 (21): 2569 [10.3390/rs11212569] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Recent global warming as confirmed by AIRS." Environmental Research Letters 14 (4): 044030 [10.1088/1748-9326/aafd4e] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "MISR Radiance Anomalies Induced by Stratospheric Volcanic Aerosols." Remote Sensing 10 (12): 1875 [10.3390/rs10121875] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Solar Cycle Response of CO2 Over the Austral Winter Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere Region." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics [10.1029/2018ja025575] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. " Intercomparison of Surface Temperatures from AIRS, MERRA, and MERRA-2, with NOAA and GC-Net Weather Stations at Summit, Greenland. ." J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. 57 (5): 1231-1245 [10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0216.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Solar Cycle Variations in Mesospheric Carbon Monoxide." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Diurnal Cycle Variability of Surface Temperature Inferred from AIRS data." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres [10.1002/2016jd026265] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Analysis of the warmest Arctic winter, 2015-2016." Geophysical Research Letters [10.1002/2016GL071228] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Using remotely sensed data from AIRS to estimate the vapor flux on the Greenland Ice Sheet: comparisons with observations and a regional climate model." Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 122 [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland ice sheet surface mass variations: Insights from MERRA-2." Environmental Research Letters 11 (2): [10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024002] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Downward Propagating Equatorial Annual Oscillation and QBO Generated Multi-year Oscillations in Stratospheric NCEP Reanalysis Data." J. Atmos. & Sol. Terr. Physics 138-139 1-8 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.11.016] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Solar Rotational Modulations of Spectral Irradiance and Correlations with the Variability of Total Solar Irradiance." J. Space Weather Space Climate 6 (A33): [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "The 27-Day Rotational Variations in Total Solar Irradiance Observations: from SORCE/TIM, ACRIM III, and SOHO/VIRGO ." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics (132): 64-73 [10.1016/j.jastp.2015.07.001] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Interannual variations of stratospheric water vapor in MLS observations and climate model simulations." J. Atmos. Sci. 71 (11): 4072–4085 [10.1175/JAS-D-14-0164.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "The effects of ENSO under negative AO phase on spring dust activity over northern China: an observational investigation." Int. J. Climatol. early view [10.1002/joc.4028] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Patterns of carbon monoxide in the middle atmosphere and effects of solar variability." Advances in Space Research 54 320-326 [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Interannual variations of MLS carbon monoxide induced by solar cycle." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 102 99-104 [10.1016/j.jastp.2013.05.012] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Arctic low cloud changes as observed by MISR and CALIOP: Implication for the enhanced autumnal warming and sea ice loss." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D7): D07107 [10.1029/2011JD017050] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of the Polar Middle Atmosphere: Dynamics and Transport of H2O and CO." J Geophy Res 116 (D5): D05110 [10.1029/2010JD014608] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "A new version of the CNRM Chemistry-Climate Model, CNRM-CCM: description and improvements from the CCMVal-2 simulation." Geosci Model Dev 4 873-900 [10.5194/gmd-4-873-2011] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Sudden Changes in the Tropical Stratospheric and Tropospheric Circulation during January 2009." J Meteo Soc o f Japan 89 283-290. [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Five year (2004–2009) observations of upper tropospheric water vapor and cloud ice from MLS and comparisons with GEOS-5 analyses." J. Geophys. Res. 115 (D15): D15103 [10.1029/2009JD013256] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder observations of the Northern Annular Mode in the Mesosphere through the Upper Troposphere." Geophys Res Lett 36 (20): L20807 [10.1029/2009GL040678] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of Dynamics and Transport During the Record-breaking 2009 Arctic Stratospheric Major Warming." Geophys Res Lett 36 (12): L12815 [10.1029/2009GL038586] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "The Influence of Solar Forcing on Tropical Circulation." Journal of Climate 22 (22): 5870-5885 [10.1175/2009JCLI2670.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "The northern annular mode in summer and its relation to solar activity variations in the GISS ModelE." J Atmos Solar-Terr Phys 70 (5): 730-741 [10.1016/j.jastp.2007.10.012] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "The Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode in summer, its Physical Significance and its Relation to Solar Activity Variations." J Geophy Res 112 D15111 [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "A mechanisms for sun climate connection ." Geophys Res Lett 32 L23817 [10.1029/2005GL024393] [Journal Article/Letter]