Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Gene Carl Feldman


Gene Carl Feldman's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 301.286.9428
Org Code: 619
Mail Code 619
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Employer: EMERITUS

Brief Bio

Over thirty years experience with NASA serving as an oceanographer specializing primarily in ocean color remote sensing.  In addition to his science, educational and data system development activities, his management responsibilities include having served as SeaWiFS Project manager and currently serving as Project Manager for NASA's Ocean Salinity Mapping Mission, Aquarius.  Expertise includes the design, development and operations of the large, multi-mission data processing, archive and distribution systems. A much more complete biography can be found at:


Ph.D., Oceanography, 1985
Marine Sciences Research Center
State University of New York at Stony Brook

Talks, Presentations and Posters


Satellites, Seabirds and Seals: A thirty year retrospective of Ocean Color from Space"


Dr. Gene Carl Feldman presents Maniac Talk, "Satellites, Seabirds and Seals: A thirty year retrospective of Ocean Color from Space" on June 27, 2012 at NASA Goddard:

Observing the Living Oceans from Space


Lecture at the Library of Congress - September 22, 2012 on "Observing the Living Oceans from Space":

Galapagos Journals 20 July - 8 August 2009


Online journals documenting the participation in a research cruise around the Galapagos Archipelago in 2009 with the Charles Darwin Research Foundation:



2019. "An Ocean-Colour Time Series for Use in Climate Studies: The Experience of the Ocean-Colour Climate Change Initiative (OC-CCI)." Sensors 19 (19): 4285 [10.3390/s19194285] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "A semianalytical ocean color inversion algorithm with explicit water column depth and substrate reflectance parameterization." Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 120 (3): 1741-1770 [10.1002/ 2014JC010224] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Regional to global assessments of phytoplankton dynamics from the SeaWiFS mission." Remote Sensing of Environment 135 77-91 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.03.025] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties." Applied Optics 52 (10): 2019-2037 [10.1364/AO.52.002019] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Satellite-Derived Photic Depth on the Great Barrier Reef: Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Water Clarity." Remote Sensing 4 (12): 3781-3795 [10.3390/rs4123781] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton." Biogeosci 6 779-794 [] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Regional and seasonal variability of chlorophyll-a in Chesapeake Bay as observed by SeaWiFS and MODIS-Aqua." Remote Sensing of Environment 113 (6): 1319-1330 [10.1016/j.rse.2009.02.012] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Improved predictions of coral bleaching using seasonal baselines and higher spatial resolution." Limnology and Oceanography 53 (4): [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "The Aquarius/SAC-D Mission: Designed to Meet the Salinity Remote-Sensing Challenge." Oceanography 21 (1): [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Phytoplankton biomass distribution and identification of productive habitats within the Galapagos Marine Reserve by MODIS, a surface acquisition system, and in-situ measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (6): 3044-3054 [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "The Ocean Biosphere." Our Changing Planet: The View from Space 176-180 [Article in Book]

2006. " Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity." NATURE 444 752-755 [doi:10.1038/nature05317] [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Satellite Data for Ocean Biology Biogeochemistry and Climate Research." Eos Trans. AGU 87(34) [337] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction." Appl Opt 44 (26): 5524-5535 [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "An overview of the SeaWiFS project and strategies for producing a climate research quality global ocean bio-optical time series." Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 51 (1-3): 5-42 [10.1016/j.dsr2.2003.11.001] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Influence of the spatial resolution of SeaWiFS, Landsat-7, SPOT and International Space Station data on estimates of landscape parameters of Pacific Ocean atolls." Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 29 (2): 1-9 [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation." Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 84 (38): 377 [10.1029/2003EO380001] [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Development of a consistent multi-sensor global ocean color time series." Int J Remote Sens 24 (20): 4047-4064 [10.1080/0143116031000103862] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Asian dust events of April 1998." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 106 (D16): 18317–18330 [10.1029/2000JD900788] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Biospheric Primary Production During an ENSO Transition." Science 291 (5513): 2594-2597 [10.1126/science.1055071] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Asian dust events of April 1998." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 106 (16): 18317-18330 [10.1029/2000JD900788] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "The Ocean Color Spectrum." Backscatter (Alliance for Marine Remote Sensing) 12 (1): 31-33 [Journal Article/Letter]

1999. "Biological and chemical response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to the 1997-98 El Nino." SCIENCE 286 (5447): 2126-2131 [10.1126/science.286.5447.2126] [Journal Article/Letter]

1999. "SeaWiFS Captures El Nino / La Nina Transition." Backscatter 31-33 [Journal Article/Letter]

1999. "SeaWiFS Spies Reefs." Reef Encounter 26 [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Science Quality SeaWiFS Data for Global Biosphere Research." Sea Technology 39 (9): [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Coverage Opportunities for Global Ocean Color in a Multimission Era." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 36 (5): [Journal Article/Letter]

1998. "Going Electonic: A Case Study of 'Ocean Planet' and Its On-line Counterpart." The Virtual and the Real: Media and the Museum [Book]

1993. "Annual and Interannual Variations of Phytoplankton Pigment Concentration and Upwelling Along the Pacific Equator." Journal of Geophysical Research-OCEANS 99 (C4): 7347–7354 [10.1029/93JC02145] [Journal Article/Letter]

1993. "Annual Cycles of Phytoplankton Chlorophyll Concentrations in the Global Ocean: A Satellite View." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7 (1): 181-193 [10.1029/93GB02358] [Journal Article/Letter]

1993. "Global Oceanic Production and Climate Change." Ocean Colour: Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience 3 237-270 [Article in Book]

1993. "Oceanic Biological Productivity." Atlas of Satellite Observations Related to Global Change 251-263 [Article in Book]

1992. "Use of the Coastal Zone Color Scanner for EqPac Planning." Oceanography 5 (3): 143-145 [Journal Article/Letter]

1992. "The Remote Sensing of Ocean Primary Productivity - Use of a New Data Compilation to Test Satellite Algorithms." Journal of Geophysical Research-OCEANS 97 (C2): 2279-2293 [Journal Article/Letter]

1990. "Influence of penetrating solar radiation on the heat budget of the equatorial Pacific Ocean." Nature 347 (6293): 543-545 [Journal Article/Letter]

1990. "Physical and Biological Processes in the North Atlantic during the FGGE Year." Journal of Geophysical Research 95 (C10): 18,027-18,048 [Journal Article/Letter]

1990. "Surface Ocean Color and Deep Ocean Carbon Flux: How Close a Connection." Deep Sea Research 37 (8): 1331-1343 [Journal Article/Letter]

1989. "Ocean Color: Availability of the Global Data Set." EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 70 (634-641): [Journal Article/Letter]

1989. "Ocean Colors Imaged from Space Track the Distribution of Marine Phytoplankton." Earth in Space 2 (2): 5-7 [Journal Article/Letter]

1988. "Satellite Ocean Color - Status Report." Oceanography 1 (1): 18-20 [Journal Article/Letter]

1986. "Variability of the productive habitat in the eastern equatorial Pacific." EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 67 (9): 106-108 [Journal Article/Letter]

1986. "Global Ocean Flux." OCEANUS 29 16-26 [Magazine]

1986. "Monthly satellite-derived phytoplankton pigment distribution for the North Atlantic Ocean Basin." EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 67 835-837 [Journal Article/Letter]

1986. "Patterns of phytoplankton production around the Galapagos Islands." Tidal Mixing and Plankton Dynamics, Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies 17 77-106 [Article in Book]

1985. "Satellites, Seabirds and Seals." El Nino in the Galapagos Islands: The 1982-1983 Event [Article in Book]

1984. "Satellite color observations of the phytoplankton distribution in the eastern Equatorial Pacific during the1982-83 El Nino ." Science 226 1069-1071 [Journal Article/Letter]


2014. "SWIM: a semi-analytical ocean color inversion algorithm for optically shallow waters." Proc. Ocean Optics XXII [Proceedings]

2007. "Approach for the long-term spatial and temporal evaluation of ocean color satelliet data products in a coastal environment." Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng 6680 12 pp [10.1117/12.732489] [Proceedings]

2005. "The continuity of ocean color measurements from SeaWiFS to MODIS." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 5882 304-316 [Other]

2004. "Partnerships for Global Coral Reef Mapping and Data Distribution." Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium [Proceedings]

2003. "An Overview of MODIS Support and Accomplishments by SIMBIOS and SeaWiFS Projects." NASA/TM-2003 1 [Article in Book]

2003. "Introduction to the Fourth SeaWiFS Reprocessing." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 40279 [Article in Book]

2003. "SIMBIOS Project Data Processing and Analysis Results." NASA/TM-2003-211622 11841 [Article in Book]

2003. "Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing." NASA/TM 2003-206892 22 74 pp [Report]

2002. "Intercomparison of ETM+, MODIS, SeaWiFS using a land test site." Proceedings of SPIE 4881 319-326 [Proceedings]

1993. "The SeaWiFS Ocean Color Mission." Space Technology International [Journal Article/Letter]