Weijia Kuang earned his B.Sc in space engineering from Changsha Institute of Technology in China in 1982. He then obtained his M.Sc in theoretical physics at Wuhan University in China in 1985. He continued his graduate study at University of California, Los Angeles, and earned his Ph.D in applied mathematics in 1992.
After graduation, Dr. Kuang went to the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University as a postdoctoral fellow and then a research associate. In 1998, Dr. Kuang joined the Joint Center of Earth systems Technology (JCET) at University of Maryland, Baltimore County, as a research associate professor.
In 2002, Dr. Kuang joined the Space Geodesy Branch in NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) as a
geophycist/appled mathematician. He is currently leading the Core and Crustal Magnetics Group in theGeodesy and Geophysics Laboratory (61A) in NASA GSFC.
Geodynamo and planetary dynamos are the fundamental theories of the origins of the magnetic fields of the Earth, of other planets and moons in the solar system. They are also the keys to understand the spatial and temporal variations of planetary magnetic fields, their implications to the structures, the
dynamical processes from the deep interior to the surface, and to the planetary evolutions over geological time scales.
My interests in this discipline are on ground and satellite geomagnetic observations, global geomagnetic field modeling, and on geomagnetic variability due to oceaninc and lithospheric
processes.
Development and application of numerical algorithms and models in computational fluid dynamics.
Large-scale scientific computation on various distributive platforms.
This is a NASA ESI supported project on assimilation of geomagnetic measurments with MoSST core dynamics model (a geodynamo and planetary dynamo developed at Harvard and in GSFC over the past two decades) using an ensemble Kalman Filtering algorithm.
This is a NASA ESI supported projects on investigating core-mantle interactions and their implications to length-of-day (LOD) variation and polar motion on decadal time scales, via geodynamo (MoSST) and geomagnetic data assimilation (MoSST_DAS) modeling efforts.
This project is on utilzation of Swarm magnetic data product for studying core dynamics and for geomagnetic data assimilation.
This project focuses on simulating potential cubesat/cubesat constellation based geomagnetic missions, focusing on the data quality and sience values for studies of Earth's magnetic variability and its implications on dynamical processes in the Earth's liquid outer core and in the oceans on the surface.
This project aims at develop a prototype next-generation field model based on geomagnetic measurements and geomagnetic data assimilation results, and applications to magnetospheric circulation modeling.
Have supervised many graduate students and post doctoral fellows over the past 17 years in NASA GSFC and at various domestic and international universities.
Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, University of California, Los Angeles, 1992
M.Sc., Physics, Wuhan University, China, 1985 (Honor)
B.Sc., Space Engineering Science, Changsha Institute of Technology, China,1982
Lead, Core and Crustal Magnetics Group, NASA GSFC, 2005-Present
Associate Chief, Planetary Geodynamics Lab, NASA GSFC, 2015-2016
Member of Solid Earth Sub-group of NASA ESTO Computational Technology Committee, 2002, 2008.
Member of GSFC Science Director's Council and Deputy Director's Council, 2007-2009
Member of GSFC IT Pathfinder working group, 2003-2005
Member of NSF Geoinformatics, 2004
Group Leader, Interdisciplinary Focus Group, JCET, UMBC, 2000- 2002
Tangborn, A., and W. Kuang. 2018. "Impact of archeomagnetic field model data on modern era geomagnetic forecasts." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 276: 2-9 [10.1016/j.pepi.2017.11.002]
Kuang, W., B. F. Chao, and J. Chen. 2017. "Decadal Polar Motion of the Earth Excited by the Convective Outer Core From Geodynamo Simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122 (10): 8459-8473 [10.1002/2017jb014555]
Matsui, H., E. Heien, J. Aubert, et al. J. M. Aurnou, M. Avery, B. Brown, B. A. Buffett, F. Busse, U. R. Christensen, C. J. Davies, N. Featherstone, T. Gastine, G. A. Glatzmaier, D. Gubbins, J.-L. Guermond, Y.-Y. Hayashi, R. Hollerbach, L. J. Hwang, A. Jackson, C. A. Jones, W. Jiang, L. H. Kellogg, W. Kuang, M. Landeau, P. Marti, P. Olson, A. Ribeiro, Y. Sasaki, N. Schaeffer, R. D. Simitev, A. Sheyko, L. Silva, S. Stanley, F. Takahashi, S.-I. Takehiro, J. Wicht, and A. P. Willis. 2016. "Performance benchmarks for a next generation numerical dynamo model." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (5): 1586-1607 [10.1002/2015gc006159]
Liu, L., B. F. Chao, W. Sun, and W. Kuang. 2016. "Assessment of the effect of three-dimensional mantle density heterogeneity on Earth rotation in tidal frequencies." Geodesy and Geodynamics, 7 (6): 396-405 [10.1016/j.geog.2016.09.002]
Chao, B. F., and W. Kuang. 2015. "Preface to the Special Issue on "Geomagnetic Research for Taiwan: Present and Future"." Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 26 (1): 000 [10.3319/tao.2014.10.29.01(grt)]
Sun, Z., and W. Kuang. 2015. "An ensemble algorithm based component for geomagnetic data assimilation." Terrestrial Atmospheric Oceanic Sciences, 26: [103319/TAO.2014.08.19.05]
Kuang, W., and A. V. Tangborn. 2015. "Dynamic responses of the Earth's core to assimilation of observed geomagnetic secular variation." Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 2 (40): [10.1186/s40645-015-0071-4]
Tangborn, A., and W. Kuang. 2015. "Geodynamo model and error parameter estimation using geomagnetic data assimilation." Geophysical Journal International, 200 (1): 664-675 [10.1093/gji/ggu409]
Thébault, E., C. C. Finlay, C. D. Beggan, et al. P. Alken, J. Aubert, O. Barrois, F. Bertrand, T. Bondar, A. Boness, L. Brocco, E. Canet, A. Chambodut, A. Chulliat, P. Coïsson, F. Civet, A. Du, A. Fournier, I. Fratter, N. Gillet, B. Hamilton, M. Hamoudi, G. Hulot, T. Jager, M. Korte, W. Kuang, X. Lalanne, B. Langlais, J.-M. Léger, V. Lesur, F. J. Lowes, S. Macmillan, M. Mandea, C. Manoj, S. Maus, N. Olsen, V. Petrov, V. Ridley, M. Rother, T. J. Sabaka, D. Saturnino, R. Schachtschneider, O. Sirol, A. Tangborn, A. Thomson, L. Tøffner-Clausen, P. Vigneron, I. Wardinski, and T. Zvereva. 2015. "International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the 12th generation." Earth Planet Sp, 67 (1): 79 [10.1186/s40623-015-0228-9]
Tyler, R. H., and W. Kuang. 2014. "Resonant tidal excitation of internal waves in the Earth's fluid core." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, [10.1016/j.pepi.2014.03.006]
Kuang, W., W. Jiang, J. Roberts, and H. V. Frey. 2014. "Could giant basin-forming impacts have killed Martian dynamo?" Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (22): 8006-8012 [10.1002/2014GL061818]
Fang, M., B. H. Hager, and W. Kuang. 2013. "Degree one loading by pressure variations at the CMB." Journal of Earth Science, 24 (5): 736-749 [10.1007/s12583-013-0367-5]
Lin, R.-F., and W. Kuang. 2011. "A fully nonlinear, dynamically consistent numerical model for solid-body ship motion. I. Ship motion with fixed heading." Proceedings Royal Society A, 467 (2128): 911-927 [10.1098/rspa.2010.0310]
Kuang, W., A. V. Tangborn, and 0. Springer). 2011. "Interpretation of Core Field Models." Geomagnetic Observations and Models, 5: 295-309 [10.1007/978-90-481-9858-0_12]
Fournier, A., G. Hulot, D. Jault, et al. W. Kuang, A. V. Tangborn, N. Gillet, E. Canet, J. Aubert, and F. Lhuillier. 2010. "An Introduction to Data Assimilation and Predictability in Geomagnetism." Space Science Review, 155 (1-4): 247-291 [10.1007/s11214-010-9669-4]
Jiao, L., W. Kuang, and S. Ma. 2010. "Magnetic anomalies observed by Galilean satellites and interpretations." Progress in Geophysics, 54: 7 [ 10.3969/j.issn.1004-2903.2010.04.03]
Kuang, W., Z. Wei, R. Holme, and A. V. Tangborn. 2010. "Prediction of geomagnetic field with data assimilation: a candidate secular variation model for IGRF-11." Earth Planets Space, 62: 775-785 [10.5047/eps.2010.07.008]
Finlay, C. C., S. Maus, C. D. Beggan, et al. T. N. Bondar, A. Chambodut, T. A. Chernova, A. Chulliat, V. P. Golovkov, B. Hamilton, M. Hamoudi, R. Holme, G. Hulot, W. Kuang, B. Langlais, V. Lesur, F. J. Lowes, H. Luhr, S. Macmillan, M. Mandea, S. McLean, C. Manoj, M. Menvielle, I. Michaelis, N. Olsen, J. Rauberg, M. Rother, T. J. Sabaka, A. Tangborn, L. Tffner-Clausen, E. Thebault, A. W. Thomson, I. Wardinski, and T. I. Zvereva. 2010. "International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the eleventh generation." Geophysical Journal International, 183 (3): 1216-1230 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04804.x]
Liu, D., W. Kuang, and A. V. Tangborn. 2009. "High-Order Compact Implicit Difference Methods For Parabolic Equations in Geodynamo Simulation." Adv. Math. Phys., 2009: 1-23 [10.1155/2009/568296]
Wang, T., W. Kuang, and S. Ma. 2009. "Numerical simulation of Martian historical dynamo: Impact of the Rayleigh number on the dynamo state ." Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences, 52 (3): 402-410.
Kuang, W., A. Tangborn, Z. Wei, and T. J. Sabaka. 2009. "Constraining a numerical geodynamo model with 100 years of surface observations." Geophysical Journal International, 179 (3): 1458-1468 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04376.x]
Kuang, W., A. V. Tangborn, W. Jiang, et al. D. Liu, Z. Sun, J. Bloxham, and Z. Wei. 2008. "MoSST_DAS: the first generation geomagnetic data assimilation framework." Commu Comp Phys, 3: 85-108.
Kuang, W., and W. Jiang. 2008. "Sudden termination of Martian dynamo? Implications from subcritical dynamo simulation." Geophys Res Lett , 35: 5 [10.1029/2008GL034183]
Jiang, W., and W. Kuang. 2008. "An MPI based MoSST core dynamics model." Phys Earth Planet Inter, 170: 46-51 [ 10.1016/j.pepi.2008.07.020]
Lin, R. Q., and W. Kuang. 2007. "Modeling the Effects of Ship Appendages on the Six-degree of Freedom Ship Motions." ICMRT, 31.
Liu, D., A. V. Tangborn, and W. Kuang. 2007. "Observing system simulation experiments in geomagnetic data assimilation." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (B8): B08103 [10.1029/2006JB004691]
Zhou, S., W. Kuang, W. Jiang, et al. P. Gary, J. Palencia, and G. Gardner. 2007. "High-speed network and Grid computing for high-end computation: application in geodynamics ensemble simulations." Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience, 19 (5): 573-582 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1002/cpe.1060]
Sun, Z., A. V. Tangborn, and W. Kuang. 2007. "Data assimilation in a sparsely observed one-dimensional modeled MHD system." Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 14 (2): 181-192 [10.5194/npg-14-181-2007]
Lin, R. Q., and W. Kuang. 2006. "Nonlinear ship-wave interaction model, part 2: Ship boundary condition." Journal of Ship Research, 50 (2): 181-186.
Donnellan, A., J. Rundle, J. Ries, et al. G. Fox, M. Pierce, J. Parker, R. Crippen, E. DeJong, Ben Chao, Weijia Kuang, D. Mcleod, M. Matu'ura, and J. Bloxham. 2004. "Illuminating earth's interior through advanced computing." Computing in Science & Engineering, 6 (1): 36-44 [10.1109/mcise.2004.1255819]
Kuang, W. 2003. "Multidisciplinary studies of deep Earth: From geodynamo to geodesy." Global Tectonics and Metallogeny, 8 (1-4): 113-123 [Full Text (Link)]
Kuang, W., and B. F. Chao. 2001. "Topographic core-mantle coupling in geodynamo modeling." Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (9): 1871-1874 [10.1029/2000gl012237]
Kuang, W. 1999. "Force balances and convective state in the earth's core." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 116 (1-4): 65-79 [10.1016/s0031-9201(99)00116-8]
Weijia Kuang earned his B.Sc in space engineering from Changsha Institute of Technology in China in 1982. He then obtained his M.Sc in theoretical physics at Wuhan University in China in 1985. He continued his graduate study at University of California, Los Angeles, and earned his Ph.D in applied mathematics in 1992.
After graduation, Dr. Kuang went to the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University as a postdoctoral fellow and then a research associate. In 1998, Dr. Kuang joined the Joint Center of Earth systems Technology (JCET) at University of Maryland, Baltimore County, as a research associate professor.
In 2002, Dr. Kuang joined the Space Geodesy Branch in NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) as a
geophycist/appled mathematician. He is currently leading the Core and Crustal Magnetics Group in theGeodesy and Geophysics Laboratory (61A) in NASA GSFC.
Tangborn, A., and W. Kuang. 2018. "Impact of archeomagnetic field model data on modern era geomagnetic forecasts." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 276 2-9 [10.1016/j.pepi.2017.11.002]
Kuang, W., B. F. Chao, and J. Chen. 2017. "Decadal Polar Motion of the Earth Excited by the Convective Outer Core From Geodynamo Simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 122 (10): 8459-8473 [10.1002/2017jb014555]
Matsui, H., E. Heien, J. Aubert, et al. J. M. Aurnou, M. Avery, B. Brown, B. A. Buffett, F. Busse, U. R. Christensen, C. J. Davies, N. Featherstone, T. Gastine, G. A. Glatzmaier, D. Gubbins, J.-L. Guermond, Y.-Y. Hayashi, R. Hollerbach, L. J. Hwang, A. Jackson, C. A. Jones, W. Jiang, L. H. Kellogg, W. Kuang, M. Landeau, P. Marti, P. Olson, A. Ribeiro, Y. Sasaki, N. Schaeffer, R. D. Simitev, A. Sheyko, L. Silva, S. Stanley, F. Takahashi, S.-I. Takehiro, J. Wicht, and A. P. Willis. 2016. "Performance benchmarks for a next generation numerical dynamo model." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 17 (5): 1586-1607 [10.1002/2015gc006159]
Liu, L., B. F. Chao, W. Sun, and W. Kuang. 2016. "Assessment of the effect of three-dimensional mantle density heterogeneity on Earth rotation in tidal frequencies." Geodesy and Geodynamics 7 (6): 396-405 [10.1016/j.geog.2016.09.002]
Chao, B. F., and W. Kuang. 2015. "Preface to the Special Issue on "Geomagnetic Research for Taiwan: Present and Future"." Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences 26 (1): 000 [10.3319/tao.2014.10.29.01(grt)]
Sun, Z., and W. Kuang. 2015. "An ensemble algorithm based component for geomagnetic data assimilation." Terrestrial Atmospheric Oceanic Sciences 26 [103319/TAO.2014.08.19.05]
Kuang, W., and A. V. Tangborn. 2015. "Dynamic responses of the Earth's core to assimilation of observed geomagnetic secular variation." Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2 (40): [10.1186/s40645-015-0071-4]
Tangborn, A., and W. Kuang. 2015. "Geodynamo model and error parameter estimation using geomagnetic data assimilation." Geophysical Journal International 200 (1): 664-675 [10.1093/gji/ggu409]
Thébault, E., C. C. Finlay, C. D. Beggan, et al. P. Alken, J. Aubert, O. Barrois, F. Bertrand, T. Bondar, A. Boness, L. Brocco, E. Canet, A. Chambodut, A. Chulliat, P. Coïsson, F. Civet, A. Du, A. Fournier, I. Fratter, N. Gillet, B. Hamilton, M. Hamoudi, G. Hulot, T. Jager, M. Korte, W. Kuang, X. Lalanne, B. Langlais, J.-M. Léger, V. Lesur, F. J. Lowes, S. Macmillan, M. Mandea, C. Manoj, S. Maus, N. Olsen, V. Petrov, V. Ridley, M. Rother, T. J. Sabaka, D. Saturnino, R. Schachtschneider, O. Sirol, A. Tangborn, A. Thomson, L. Tøffner-Clausen, P. Vigneron, I. Wardinski, and T. Zvereva. 2015. "International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the 12th generation." Earth Planet Sp 67 (1): 79 [10.1186/s40623-015-0228-9]
Tyler, R. H., and W. Kuang. 2014. "Resonant tidal excitation of internal waves in the Earth's fluid core." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors [10.1016/j.pepi.2014.03.006]
Kuang, W., W. Jiang, J. Roberts, and H. V. Frey. 2014. "Could giant basin-forming impacts have killed Martian dynamo?" Geophysical Research Letters 41 (22): 8006-8012 [10.1002/2014GL061818]
Fang, M., B. H. Hager, and W. Kuang. 2013. "Degree one loading by pressure variations at the CMB." Journal of Earth Science 24 (5): 736-749 [10.1007/s12583-013-0367-5]
Lin, R.-F., and W. Kuang. 2011. "A fully nonlinear, dynamically consistent numerical model for solid-body ship motion. I. Ship motion with fixed heading." Proceedings Royal Society A 467 (2128): 911-927 [10.1098/rspa.2010.0310]
Kuang, W., A. V. Tangborn, and 0. Springer). 2011. "Interpretation of Core Field Models." Geomagnetic Observations and Models 5 295-309 [10.1007/978-90-481-9858-0_12]
Fournier, A., G. Hulot, D. Jault, et al. W. Kuang, A. V. Tangborn, N. Gillet, E. Canet, J. Aubert, and F. Lhuillier. 2010. "An Introduction to Data Assimilation and Predictability in Geomagnetism." Space Science Review 155 (1-4): 247-291 [10.1007/s11214-010-9669-4]
Jiao, L., W. Kuang, and S. Ma. 2010. "Magnetic anomalies observed by Galilean satellites and interpretations." Progress in Geophysics 54 7 [ 10.3969/j.issn.1004-2903.2010.04.03]
Kuang, W., Z. Wei, R. Holme, and A. V. Tangborn. 2010. "Prediction of geomagnetic field with data assimilation: a candidate secular variation model for IGRF-11." Earth Planets Space 62 775-785 [10.5047/eps.2010.07.008]
Finlay, C. C., S. Maus, C. D. Beggan, et al. T. N. Bondar, A. Chambodut, T. A. Chernova, A. Chulliat, V. P. Golovkov, B. Hamilton, M. Hamoudi, R. Holme, G. Hulot, W. Kuang, B. Langlais, V. Lesur, F. J. Lowes, H. Luhr, S. Macmillan, M. Mandea, S. McLean, C. Manoj, M. Menvielle, I. Michaelis, N. Olsen, J. Rauberg, M. Rother, T. J. Sabaka, A. Tangborn, L. Tffner-Clausen, E. Thebault, A. W. Thomson, I. Wardinski, and T. I. Zvereva. 2010. "International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the eleventh generation." Geophysical Journal International 183 (3): 1216-1230 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04804.x]
Liu, D., W. Kuang, and A. V. Tangborn. 2009. "High-Order Compact Implicit Difference Methods For Parabolic Equations in Geodynamo Simulation." Adv. Math. Phys. 2009 1-23 [10.1155/2009/568296]
Wang, T., W. Kuang, and S. Ma. 2009. "Numerical simulation of Martian historical dynamo: Impact of the Rayleigh number on the dynamo state ." Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences 52 (3): 402-410
Kuang, W., A. Tangborn, Z. Wei, and T. J. Sabaka. 2009. "Constraining a numerical geodynamo model with 100 years of surface observations." Geophysical Journal International 179 (3): 1458-1468 [10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04376.x]
Kuang, W., A. V. Tangborn, W. Jiang, et al. D. Liu, Z. Sun, J. Bloxham, and Z. Wei. 2008. "MoSST_DAS: the first generation geomagnetic data assimilation framework." Commu Comp Phys 3 85-108
Kuang, W., and W. Jiang. 2008. "Sudden termination of Martian dynamo? Implications from subcritical dynamo simulation." Geophys Res Lett 35 5 [10.1029/2008GL034183]
Jiang, W., and W. Kuang. 2008. "An MPI based MoSST core dynamics model." Phys Earth Planet Inter 170 46-51 [ 10.1016/j.pepi.2008.07.020]
Lin, R. Q., and W. Kuang. 2007. "Modeling the Effects of Ship Appendages on the Six-degree of Freedom Ship Motions." ICMRT 31
Liu, D., A. V. Tangborn, and W. Kuang. 2007. "Observing system simulation experiments in geomagnetic data assimilation." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (B8): B08103 [10.1029/2006JB004691]
Zhou, S., W. Kuang, W. Jiang, et al. P. Gary, J. Palencia, and G. Gardner. 2007. "High-speed network and Grid computing for high-end computation: application in geodynamics ensemble simulations." Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience 19 (5): 573-582 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1002/cpe.1060]
Sun, Z., A. V. Tangborn, and W. Kuang. 2007. "Data assimilation in a sparsely observed one-dimensional modeled MHD system." Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 14 (2): 181-192 [10.5194/npg-14-181-2007]
Lin, R. Q., and W. Kuang. 2006. "Nonlinear ship-wave interaction model, part 2: Ship boundary condition." Journal of Ship Research 50 (2): 181-186
Donnellan, A., J. Rundle, J. Ries, et al. G. Fox, M. Pierce, J. Parker, R. Crippen, E. DeJong, Ben Chao, Weijia Kuang, D. Mcleod, M. Matu'ura, and J. Bloxham. 2004. "Illuminating earth's interior through advanced computing." Computing in Science & Engineering 6 (1): 36-44 [10.1109/mcise.2004.1255819]
Kuang, W. 2003. "Multidisciplinary studies of deep Earth: From geodynamo to geodesy." Global Tectonics and Metallogeny 8 (1-4): 113-123 [Full Text (Link)]
Kuang, W., and B. F. Chao. 2001. "Topographic core-mantle coupling in geodynamo modeling." Geophysical Research Letters 28 (9): 1871-1874 [10.1029/2000gl012237]
Kuang, W. 1999. "Force balances and convective state in the earth's core." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 116 (1-4): 65-79 [10.1016/s0031-9201(99)00116-8]