Warren J Wiscombe

No photo available

Warren J Wiscombe

  • EMERITUS
  • 301.622.6709
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 613
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Publications

    Refereed

    Lin, Z., S. Stamnes, Z. Jin, et al. I. Laszlo, S.-C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Stamnes. 2015. "Improved discrete ordinate solutions in the presence of an anisotropically reflecting lower boundary: Upgrades of the DISORT computational tool." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans, 157: 119-134 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.02.014]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, C. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans, 113 (9): 715-720 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, C. Huang, et al. T. Varnai, R. Hogan, D. Giles, B. Holben, E. OConnor, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12 (21): 10313-10329 [10.5194/acp-12-10313-2012]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, T. Varnai, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2011. "Cloud Impact on Surface Altimetry From a Spaceborne 532-nm Micropulse Photon-Counting Lidar: System Modeling for Cloudy and Clear Atmospheres." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 49 (12): 4910-4919 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153860]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2011. "Spectrally Invariant Approximation within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer." J Atmos Sci, 68 (12): 3094-3111 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Yang. 2010. "Uncertainties in Ice-Sheet Altimetry From a Spaceborne 1064-nm Single-Channel Lidar Due to Undetected Thin Clouds." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 48 (1): 250-259 [10.1109/TGRS.2009.2028335]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2010. "Spectrally-invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10 (22): 11295-11303 [10.5194/acp-10-11295-2010]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, P. Pilewskie, and W. Wiscombe. 2009. "Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (4): 1419-1430 [10.5194/acp-9-1419-2009]

    Pankine, A., Z. Li, D. Parsons, et al. M. E. Purucker, E. Weinstock, W. Wiscombe, and K. Nock. 2009. "STRATOSPHERIC SATELLITES FOR EARTH OBSERVATIONS." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (8): 1109-+.

    Ottaviani, M., C. Merck, S. R. Long, et al. J. Koskulics, K. Stamnes, W. Su, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Time-resolved polarimetry over water waves: relating glints and surface statistics." Applied Optics, 47 (10): 1638-1648.

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Chiu, et al. W. Wiscombe, S. Palm, A. Davis, D. Spangenberg, L. Nguyen, J. Spinhirne, and P. Minnis. 2008. "Retrievals of Thick Cloud Optical Depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by Calibration of Solar Background Signal." J. Atmos. Sci., 65 (11): 3513-3526 [10.1175/2008JAS2744.1]

    Ottaviani, M., K. Stamnes, J. Koskulics, et al. H. Eide, S. Long, W. Su, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Light Reflection from Water Waves: Suitable Setup for a Polarimetric Investigation under Controlled Laboratory Conditions." J. Atmos. Oceanic. Tech., 25 (5): 715-728 [10.1175/2007JTECHA1049.1]

    Su, W., E. Dutton, T. Charlock, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Performance of Commercial Radiometers in Very Low Temperature and Pressure Environments Typical of Polar Regions and of the Stratosphere: A Laboratory Study." J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 25 (4): 558-569 [10.1175/2007JTECHA1005.1]

    Yang, P., Q. Feng, G. Hong, et al. G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik. 2007. "Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols." Journal of Aerosol Science, 38 (10): 995-1014 [10.1016/j.jaerosci.2007.07.001]

    Zhang, Z., P. Yang, G. Kattawar, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Single-scattering properties of Platonic solids in geometrical-optics regime." JQSRT , 106: 595-603.

    Turner, D., A. Vogelmann, R. Austin, et al. J. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, J. Chiu, S. Clough, C. Flynn, M. Khaiyer, J. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C. Long, A. Marshak, S. Matrosov, S. McFarlane, M. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge." Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 88: 177-190.

    Marshak, A., K. Yu, M. Larsen, and W. Wiscombe. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Empirical models for drop-size-dependent clustering in clouds." J Atmos Sci, 62: 551-558.

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, M. Larsen, et al. W. Wiscombe, J. Martonchik, and R. Myneni. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Impact on estimation of cloud optical properties." J Atmos Sci, 62: 2555-2567.

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. Evans, and W. Wiscombe. 2004. "The 'RED versus NIR' plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci, 61: 1911-1925.

    Zhou, Y., P.-S. Yeh, W. J. Wiscombe, and S.-C. Tsay. 2003. "Cloud context-base onboard data compression." Proc. IGARSS 2003, 6: 3598 – 3600.

    Yang, P., M. G. Mlynczak, H. Wei, et al. D. P. Kratz, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, A. Heidinger, and M. I. Mishchenko. 2003. "Spectral signature of ice clouds in the far-infrared region: Single-scattering calculations and radiative sensitivity study." J Geophys Res, 108 (D18): 4569 [10.1029/2002JD003291]

    Lee, Y., P. Yang, M. I. Mishchenko, et al. B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, H. Huang, W. J. Wiscombe, and A. J. Baran. 2003. "Use of Circular Cylinders as Surrogates for Hexagonal Pristine Ice Crystals in Scattering Calculations at Infrared Wavelengths." Applied Optics, 42 (15): 2653 [10.1364/AO.42.002653]

    Lee, Y., P. Yang, M. Mishchenko, et al. B. Baum, Y. Hu, H. Huang, W. Wiscombe, and A. Baran. 2003. "On the use of circular cylinders as surrogates for hexagonal pristine ice crystals in scattering calculations at infrared wavelengths." Appl Opt, 42: 2653-2664.

    Evans, K., R. Lawson, O. Zmarzly, et al. O. Zmarzly, O. Zmarzly, and W. Wiscombe. 2003. "In situ cloud sensing with multiple scattering lidar: Simulations and demonstration." J Atmos Oceanic Tech, 20: 1505-1522.

    Gao, B., P. Yang, G. Guo, et al. S. Park, W. Wiscombe, and B. Chen. 2003. "Measurements of water vapor and high clouds over the Tibetan Plateau with the Terra MODIS instrument." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens, 41: 895-900.

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, J. Martonchick, and R. Myneni. 2002. "A missing solution to the transport equation and its effect on estimation of cloud absorptive properties." J Atmos Sci, 59 (24): 3572-3585 [10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<3572:AMSTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Gao, B., P. Yang, W. Han, R. Li, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2002. "An algorithm using visible and 1.38μm channels to retrieve cirrus cloud reflectances from aircraft and satellite data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens, 40 (8): 1659-1668 [10.1109/TGRS.2002.802454]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, W. J. Wiscombe, et al. M. I. Mishchenko, S. E. Platnick, J. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, S.-C. Tsay, and S. K. Park. 2002. "Inherent and Apparent Scattering Properties of Coated or Uncoated Spheres Embedded in an Absorbing Host Medium." Applied Optics, 41 (15): 2740-2759 [10.1364/AO.41.002740]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. A. Baum, et al. Y. X. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, D. M. Winker, and S. L. Nasiri. 2001. "Asymptotic Solutions for Optical Properties of Large Particles with Strong Absorption." Applied Optics, 40 (9): 1532 [10.1364/AO.40.001532]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. Baum, et al. W. Wiscombe, Y. Hu, S. Nasiri, P. Soulen, A. Heymsfield, G. McFarquhar, and L. Miloshevich. 2001. "Sensitivity of cirrus bidirectional reflectance to vertical inhomogeneity of ice crystal habits and size distributions for two Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) bands." J Geophys Res, 106: 17267-17291.

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. Baum, et al. Y. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, S.-C. Tsay, D. Winker, and S. Nasiri. 2001. "Radiative properties of cirrus clouds in the infrared (8-13 micrometers) spectral region." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Trans, 70: 473-504.

    Gerber, H., J. Jensen, A. Davis, A. Marshak, and W. Wiscombe. 2001. "Spectral density of cloud liquid water content at high frequencies." J Atmos Sci, 58: 497-503.

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Pilewskie. 2000. "Cloud-vegetation interaction: Use of normalized difference cloud index for estimation of cloud optical thickness." Geophys Res Lett, 27 (12): 1695-1698 [10.1029/1999GL010993]

    Esper, J., P. Panetta, M. Ryschkewitsch, W. Wiscombe, and S. Neeck. 2000. "NASA/GSFC nano-satellite technology for Earth Science Missions." Acta Astronautica, 46: 287-296.

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc., 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Insight into three-dimensional radiation transport from diffusion theory, application to the cloudy atmosphere, in Radiative Transfer." New York, NY: Begell House [10.1615/ICHMT.1997.IntSymLiqTwoPhaseFlowTranspPhen]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 103: 19557-19567 [10.1029/98JD01728]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36: [10.1109/36.655329]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate, 11: 431-446 [10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0431:BISCAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Evidence for net horizontal radiative fluxes in marine stratocumulus, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Davis, A. B., D. Winker, A. Marshak, et al. J. Spinhirne, R. F. Cahalan, S. Love, H. Melfi, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Retrieval of physical and optical cloud thicknesses from space-borne and wide-angle lidar, in Advances inn Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar." Springer-Verlag, ISBN: 978-3-642-60612-0. [10.1007/978-3-642-60612-0]

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Physical simulation of high resolution satellite images for fractal cloud models, in Fractal Frontiers." World Scientific, ISBN: 978-9810231552.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The effect of horizontal fluxes on cloud absorption estimates based on simulated two-aircraft measurements of fractal clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation for computing radiation fields of inhomogeneous clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-39-5.

    Cahalan, R. F., A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, D. S. Silberstein, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Cloud Macrostructure and Radiation, in Remote Sensing: A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development." IEEE Operations Center P . 0 . B o x 1331 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway, NJ 00055-1331 UBA: IEEE, ISBN: 0-7003-3037-5. [10.1109/IGARSS.1997.608888]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 54: 1423-1444 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<1423:SIILWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 16619-16637 [10.1029/97JD01153]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res., 54: 241-260 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0241:TLSBIS>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals, 5: 129-166.

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Multifractal characterizations of intermittency in nonstationary geophysical signals and fields, in Nonstationary Random Processes and Their Applications." World Scientific.

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci., 53: 1538-1558 [10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1538:SIOLWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev., E49: 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res., 99: 8055-8072 [10.1029/94JD00219]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Gollmer, and Harshvardhan. 1994. "Independent pixel and Monte Carlo estimates of stratocumulus albedo." J. Atmos. Sci, 51: 3776-3790 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<3776:IPAMCE>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, T. L. Bell, and J. B. Snider. 1994. "The albedo of fractal stratocumulus clouds." J. Atmos. Sci, 51: 2434-2455 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2434:TAOFSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Impact of cloud structure on climate, in IRS '92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation." Deepak Publishing, ISBN: 0-937194-28-X.

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals, 3: 702-710.

    Cahalan, R. F., M. Nestler, W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, and T. L. Bell. 1989. "Marine stratocumulus spatial structure, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Statistical Climatology." http://imsc.pacificclimate.org/history.shtml: International Meetings on Statistical Climatology.

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1989. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles III: Variability of angular scattering patterns." Appl. Opt., 3061-3073.

    Wiscombe, W., and A. Mugnai. 1988. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles II: Means of angular scattering patterns." Appl. Opt., 2405-2421.

    Stamnes, K., S.-C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera. 1988. "Numerically stable algorithm for Discrete-Ordinate-Method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media." Appl. Opt, 2502-2509.

    Luther, F., R. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, et al. S. Fels, N. Scott, and W. Wiscombe. 1988. "Intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models (ICRCCM): Longwave clear sky results." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 40-48.

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1987. "Diffraction as tunneling." Phys. Rev. Lett., 59 (15): 1667-1671 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.59.1667]

    Wiscombe, W., and R. Welch. 1986. "Further comments on the effects of large drops in clouds." J. Atmos. Sci., 401-407.

    Prabhakara, D., D. A. Short, W. Wiscombe, R. S. Fraser, and B. Vollmer. 1986. "Rainfall over oceans inferred from Nimbus-7 SMMR, application to 1982-83 El Nino." J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 1464-1474.

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1986. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles. I: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor and backscattered fraction." Appl. Opt., 1235-1244.

    Warren, S., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1985. "Dirty snow after nuclear war." Nature, 313: 467-470 [10.1038/313467a0]

    Wiscombe, W., and V. Ramanathan. 1985. "The role of radiation and other renascent subfields in atmospheric science." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 1278-1287.

    Wiscombe, W., R. Welch, and W. Hall. 1984. "The effect of very large drops on cloud absorption I. Parcel models." J. Atmos. Sci., 1336-1355.

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1983. "Atmospheric radiation: 1975-1983." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 21 (5): 997-1021 [10.1029/RG021i005p00997]

    Hoffert, M., B. Flannery, A. Callegari, C. Hsieh, and W. Wiscombe. 1983. "Evaporation-limited tropical temperatures as a constraint on climate sensitivity." J. Atmos. Sci., 1659-1668.

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1981. "Comment on 'Radiative Properties of Snow for Clear Sky Solar Radiation'." Cold Reg. Sci. Tech., 5 (2): 177-180 [10.1016/0165-232X(81)90053-7]

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1980. "A Model for the Spectral Albedo of Snow. I: Pure Snow." J. Atmos. Sci., 37 (12): 2712-2733 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2712:AMFTSA>2.0.CO;2]

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1980. "A Model for the Spectral Albedo of Snow. II: Snow Containing Atmospheric Aerosols." J. Atmos. Sci., 37 (12): 2734-2745 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2734:AMFTSA>2.0.CO;2]

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1980. "Efficiency factors in Mie scattering." Phys. Rev. Lett., 45: 1490-1494 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.45.1490]

    Wiscombe, W. 1980. "Improved Mie scattering algorithms." Appl. Opt., 1505-1509.

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. Wiscombe. 1980. "Forward optical Glory." Optics Lett., 455-457.

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1980. "Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles." J. Atmos. Sci., 1291-1307.

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1977. "Author's reply." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans., 18 (2): 251 [10.1016/0022-4073(77)90012-7]

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1977. "Doubling Initialization Revisited." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans., 18 (2): 245-248 [10.1016/0022-4073(77)90010-3]

    Wiscombe, W., and J. Evans. 1977. "Exponential-sum fitting of radiative transmission functions." J. Comp. Phys., 416-444.

    Wiscombe, W., and J. Joseph. 1977. "The range of validity of the Eddington approximation." Icarus, 362-377.

    Wiscombe, W., and P. Chylek. 1977. "Mie scattering between any two angles." J. Opt. Soc. Amer., 572-573.

    Wiscombe, W. 1977. "The Delta-M Method: Rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions." J. Atmos. Sci., 1408-1422.

    Wiscombe, W. 1976. "Extension of the Doubling Method to inhomogeneous sources." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans., 477-489.

    Wiscombe, W. 1976. "On initialization, error and flux conservation in the Doubling Method." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans., 637-658.

    Wiscombe, W., and G. Grams. 1976. "The backscattered fraction in Two-Stream Approximations." J. Atmos. Sci., 2440-2451.

    Joseph, J., W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman. 1976. "The Delta-Eddington Approximation for radiative flux transfer." J. Atmos. Sci., 2452-2459.

    Non-Refereed

    Lawson, R. P., D. O'Conner, P. Zmarzly, et al. G. L. Bland, W. J. Wiscombe, and G. Holland. 2005. "A New Cloud MicroSensor for the Aerosonde UAV." AIAA Infotech@Aerospace Technical Conference, proceedings [Full Text (Link)]

    Publications

    Refereed

    Lin, Z., S. Stamnes, Z. Jin, et al. I. Laszlo, S.-C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Stamnes. 2015. "Improved discrete ordinate solutions in the presence of an anisotropically reflecting lower boundary: Upgrades of the DISORT computational tool." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans 157 119-134 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.02.014]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, C. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths." J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans 113 (9): 715-720 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, C. Huang, et al. T. Varnai, R. Hogan, D. Giles, B. Holben, E. OConnor, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2012. "Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12 (21): 10313-10329 [10.5194/acp-12-10313-2012]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, S. P. Palm, T. Varnai, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2011. "Cloud Impact on Surface Altimetry From a Spaceborne 532-nm Micropulse Photon-Counting Lidar: System Modeling for Cloudy and Clear Atmospheres." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 49 (12): 4910-4919 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153860]

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. Chiu, and W. Wiscombe. 2011. "Spectrally Invariant Approximation within Atmospheric Radiative Transfer." J Atmos Sci 68 (12): 3094-3111 [10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1]

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, T. Varnai, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Yang. 2010. "Uncertainties in Ice-Sheet Altimetry From a Spaceborne 1064-nm Single-Channel Lidar Due to Undetected Thin Clouds." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 48 (1): 250-259 [10.1109/TGRS.2009.2028335]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. Wiscombe. 2010. "Spectrally-invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (22): 11295-11303 [10.5194/acp-10-11295-2010]

    Chiu, J., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, P. Pilewskie, and W. Wiscombe. 2009. "Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (4): 1419-1430 [10.5194/acp-9-1419-2009]

    Pankine, A., Z. Li, D. Parsons, et al. M. E. Purucker, E. Weinstock, W. Wiscombe, and K. Nock. 2009. "STRATOSPHERIC SATELLITES FOR EARTH OBSERVATIONS." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90 (8): 1109-+

    Ottaviani, M., C. Merck, S. R. Long, et al. J. Koskulics, K. Stamnes, W. Su, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Time-resolved polarimetry over water waves: relating glints and surface statistics." Applied Optics 47 (10): 1638-1648

    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. Chiu, et al. W. Wiscombe, S. Palm, A. Davis, D. Spangenberg, L. Nguyen, J. Spinhirne, and P. Minnis. 2008. "Retrievals of Thick Cloud Optical Depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by Calibration of Solar Background Signal." J. Atmos. Sci. 65 (11): 3513-3526 [10.1175/2008JAS2744.1]

    Ottaviani, M., K. Stamnes, J. Koskulics, et al. H. Eide, S. Long, W. Su, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Light Reflection from Water Waves: Suitable Setup for a Polarimetric Investigation under Controlled Laboratory Conditions." J. Atmos. Oceanic. Tech. 25 (5): 715-728 [10.1175/2007JTECHA1049.1]

    Su, W., E. Dutton, T. Charlock, and W. Wiscombe. 2008. "Performance of Commercial Radiometers in Very Low Temperature and Pressure Environments Typical of Polar Regions and of the Stratosphere: A Laboratory Study." J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. 25 (4): 558-569 [10.1175/2007JTECHA1005.1]

    Yang, P., Q. Feng, G. Hong, et al. G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik. 2007. "Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols." Journal of Aerosol Science 38 (10): 995-1014 [10.1016/j.jaerosci.2007.07.001]

    Zhang, Z., P. Yang, G. Kattawar, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Single-scattering properties of Platonic solids in geometrical-optics regime." JQSRT 106 595-603

    Turner, D., A. Vogelmann, R. Austin, et al. J. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, J. Chiu, S. Clough, C. Flynn, M. Khaiyer, J. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C. Long, A. Marshak, S. Matrosov, S. McFarlane, M. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe. 2007. "Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge." Bull Amer Meteor Soc 88 177-190

    Marshak, A., K. Yu, M. Larsen, and W. Wiscombe. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Empirical models for drop-size-dependent clustering in clouds." J Atmos Sci 62 551-558

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, M. Larsen, et al. W. Wiscombe, J. Martonchik, and R. Myneni. 2005. "Small-scale drop size variability: Impact on estimation of cloud optical properties." J Atmos Sci 62 2555-2567

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. Evans, and W. Wiscombe. 2004. "The 'RED versus NIR' plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci 61 1911-1925

    Zhou, Y., P.-S. Yeh, W. J. Wiscombe, and S.-C. Tsay. 2003. "Cloud context-base onboard data compression." Proc. IGARSS 2003 6 3598 – 3600

    Yang, P., M. G. Mlynczak, H. Wei, et al. D. P. Kratz, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, A. Heidinger, and M. I. Mishchenko. 2003. "Spectral signature of ice clouds in the far-infrared region: Single-scattering calculations and radiative sensitivity study." J Geophys Res 108 (D18): 4569 [10.1029/2002JD003291]

    Lee, Y., P. Yang, M. I. Mishchenko, et al. B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, H. Huang, W. J. Wiscombe, and A. J. Baran. 2003. "Use of Circular Cylinders as Surrogates for Hexagonal Pristine Ice Crystals in Scattering Calculations at Infrared Wavelengths." Applied Optics 42 (15): 2653 [10.1364/AO.42.002653]

    Lee, Y., P. Yang, M. Mishchenko, et al. B. Baum, Y. Hu, H. Huang, W. Wiscombe, and A. Baran. 2003. "On the use of circular cylinders as surrogates for hexagonal pristine ice crystals in scattering calculations at infrared wavelengths." Appl Opt 42 2653-2664

    Evans, K., R. Lawson, O. Zmarzly, et al. O. Zmarzly, O. Zmarzly, and W. Wiscombe. 2003. "In situ cloud sensing with multiple scattering lidar: Simulations and demonstration." J Atmos Oceanic Tech 20 1505-1522

    Gao, B., P. Yang, G. Guo, et al. S. Park, W. Wiscombe, and B. Chen. 2003. "Measurements of water vapor and high clouds over the Tibetan Plateau with the Terra MODIS instrument." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 895-900

    Knyazikhin, Y., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, J. Martonchick, and R. Myneni. 2002. "A missing solution to the transport equation and its effect on estimation of cloud absorptive properties." J Atmos Sci 59 (24): 3572-3585 [10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<3572:AMSTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Gao, B., P. Yang, W. Han, R. Li, and W. J. Wiscombe. 2002. "An algorithm using visible and 1.38μm channels to retrieve cirrus cloud reflectances from aircraft and satellite data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 40 (8): 1659-1668 [10.1109/TGRS.2002.802454]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, W. J. Wiscombe, et al. M. I. Mishchenko, S. E. Platnick, J. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, S.-C. Tsay, and S. K. Park. 2002. "Inherent and Apparent Scattering Properties of Coated or Uncoated Spheres Embedded in an Absorbing Host Medium." Applied Optics 41 (15): 2740-2759 [10.1364/AO.41.002740]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. A. Baum, et al. Y. X. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, D. M. Winker, and S. L. Nasiri. 2001. "Asymptotic Solutions for Optical Properties of Large Particles with Strong Absorption." Applied Optics 40 (9): 1532 [10.1364/AO.40.001532]

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. Baum, et al. W. Wiscombe, Y. Hu, S. Nasiri, P. Soulen, A. Heymsfield, G. McFarquhar, and L. Miloshevich. 2001. "Sensitivity of cirrus bidirectional reflectance to vertical inhomogeneity of ice crystal habits and size distributions for two Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) bands." J Geophys Res 106 17267-17291

    Yang, P., B. Gao, B. Baum, et al. Y. Hu, W. J. Wiscombe, S.-C. Tsay, D. Winker, and S. Nasiri. 2001. "Radiative properties of cirrus clouds in the infrared (8-13 micrometers) spectral region." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Trans 70 473-504

    Gerber, H., J. Jensen, A. Davis, A. Marshak, and W. Wiscombe. 2001. "Spectral density of cloud liquid water content at high frequencies." J Atmos Sci 58 497-503

    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and P. Pilewskie. 2000. "Cloud-vegetation interaction: Use of normalized difference cloud index for estimation of cloud optical thickness." Geophys Res Lett 27 (12): 1695-1698 [10.1029/1999GL010993]

    Esper, J., P. Panetta, M. Ryschkewitsch, W. Wiscombe, and S. Neeck. 2000. "NASA/GSFC nano-satellite technology for Earth Science Missions." Acta Astronautica 46 287-296

    Marshak, A., W. Wiscombe, A. Davis, L. Oreopoulos, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "On the Removal of the Effect of Horizontal Fluxes In Two-Aircraft Measurements of Cloud Absorption." Q.J Royal Met. Soc. 125 (558): 2153-2170 [10.1002/qj.49712555811]

    Marshak, A., L. Oreopoulos, A. Davis, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan. 1999. "Horizontal radiative fluxes in clouds and accuracy of the independent pixel approximation at absorbing wavelengths." Geophys. Res. Lett. 26 (11): 1585-1588 [10.1029/1999GL900306]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Insight into three-dimensional radiation transport from diffusion theory, application to the cloudy atmosphere, in Radiative Transfer." [10.1615/ICHMT.1997.IntSymLiqTwoPhaseFlowTranspPhen]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Radiative effects of sub-mean-free-path liquid water variability observed in stratiform clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 103 19557-19567 [10.1029/98JD01728]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1998. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation, direct and inverse problems." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36 [10.1109/36.655329]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, W. Ridgway, and R. F. Cahalan. 1998. "Biases in shortwave column absorption in the presence of fractal clouds." J. Climate 11 431-446 [10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0431:BISCAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A. B., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Evidence for net horizontal radiative fluxes in marine stratocumulus, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Davis, A. B., D. Winker, A. Marshak, et al. J. Spinhirne, R. F. Cahalan, S. Love, H. Melfi, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Retrieval of physical and optical cloud thicknesses from space-borne and wide-angle lidar, in Advances inn Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar." [10.1007/978-3-642-60612-0]

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Physical simulation of high resolution satellite images for fractal cloud models, in Fractal Frontiers."

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The effect of horizontal fluxes on cloud absorption estimates based on simulated two-aircraft measurements of fractal clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Nonlocal Independent Pixel Approximation for computing radiation fields of inhomogeneous clouds, in IRS '96: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Cahalan, R. F., A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, D. S. Silberstein, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Cloud Macrostructure and Radiation, in Remote Sensing: A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development." [10.1109/IGARSS.1997.608888]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. II. Multifractal properties and intermittency issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 54 1423-1444 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<1423:SIILWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1997. "Inhomogeneity effects on cloud shortwave absorption measurements: Two-aircraft simulations." J. Geophys. Res. 102 16619-16637 [10.1029/97JD01153]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "The Landsat scale break in stratocumulus as a three-dimensional radiative transfer effect: Implications for cloud remote sensing." J. Atmos. Res. 54 241-260 [10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0241:TLSBIS>2.0.CO;2]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1997. "Interactions, solar and Laser beams in stratus clouds, fractals and multifractals in climate and remote sensing studies." Fractals 5 129-166

    Marshak, A., A. B. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Multifractal characterizations of intermittency in nonstationary geophysical signals and fields, in Nonstationary Random Processes and Their Applications."

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1996. "Scale-invariance of liquid water distributions in marine stratocumulus. I. Spectral properties and stationarity issues." J. Atmos. Sci. 53 1538-1558 [10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1538:SIOLWD>2.0.CO;2]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1995. "Radiative smoothing in fractal clouds." J. Geophys. Res. 100 26247-26261 [10.1029/95JD02895]

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Bounded Cascade Models as non-stationary multifractals." Phys. Rev. E49 55-69 [10.1103/PhysRevE.49.55]

    Davis, A., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, and R. F. Cahalan. 1994. "Multifractal characterizations of non-stationarity and intermittency in geophysical fields: Observed, retrieved, or simulated." J. Geophys. Res. 99 8055-8072 [10.1029/94JD00219]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, S. Gollmer, and Harshvardhan. 1994. "Independent pixel and Monte Carlo estimates of stratocumulus albedo." J. Atmos. Sci 51 3776-3790 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<3776:IPAMCE>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, T. L. Bell, and J. B. Snider. 1994. "The albedo of fractal stratocumulus clouds." J. Atmos. Sci 51 2434-2455 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2434:TAOFSC>2.0.CO;2]

    Cahalan, R. F., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Impact of cloud structure on climate, in IRS '92: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation."

    Marshak, A., A. Davis, R. F. Cahalan, and W. J. Wiscombe. 1993. "Multi-singular and multi-affine properties of Bounded Cascade Models." Fractals 3 702-710

    Cahalan, R. F., M. Nestler, W. L. Ridgway, W. J. Wiscombe, and T. L. Bell. 1989. "Marine stratocumulus spatial structure, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Statistical Climatology."

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1989. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles III: Variability of angular scattering patterns." Appl. Opt. 3061-3073

    Wiscombe, W., and A. Mugnai. 1988. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles II: Means of angular scattering patterns." Appl. Opt. 2405-2421

    Stamnes, K., S.-C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera. 1988. "Numerically stable algorithm for Discrete-Ordinate-Method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media." Appl. Opt 2502-2509

    Luther, F., R. Ellingson, Y. Fouquart, et al. S. Fels, N. Scott, and W. Wiscombe. 1988. "Intercomparison of radiation codes in climate models (ICRCCM): Longwave clear sky results." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 40-48

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1987. "Diffraction as tunneling." Phys. Rev. Lett. 59 (15): 1667-1671 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.59.1667]

    Wiscombe, W., and R. Welch. 1986. "Further comments on the effects of large drops in clouds." J. Atmos. Sci. 401-407

    Prabhakara, D., D. A. Short, W. Wiscombe, R. S. Fraser, and B. Vollmer. 1986. "Rainfall over oceans inferred from Nimbus-7 SMMR, application to 1982-83 El Nino." J. Climate Appl. Meteor. 1464-1474

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1986. "Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev particles. I: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor and backscattered fraction." Appl. Opt. 1235-1244

    Warren, S., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1985. "Dirty snow after nuclear war." Nature 313 467-470 [10.1038/313467a0]

    Wiscombe, W., and V. Ramanathan. 1985. "The role of radiation and other renascent subfields in atmospheric science." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 1278-1287

    Wiscombe, W., R. Welch, and W. Hall. 1984. "The effect of very large drops on cloud absorption I. Parcel models." J. Atmos. Sci. 1336-1355

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1983. "Atmospheric radiation: 1975-1983." Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 21 (5): 997-1021 [10.1029/RG021i005p00997]

    Hoffert, M., B. Flannery, A. Callegari, C. Hsieh, and W. Wiscombe. 1983. "Evaporation-limited tropical temperatures as a constraint on climate sensitivity." J. Atmos. Sci. 1659-1668

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1981. "Comment on 'Radiative Properties of Snow for Clear Sky Solar Radiation'." Cold Reg. Sci. Tech. 5 (2): 177-180 [10.1016/0165-232X(81)90053-7]

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1980. "A Model for the Spectral Albedo of Snow. I: Pure Snow." J. Atmos. Sci. 37 (12): 2712-2733 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2712:AMFTSA>2.0.CO;2]

    Wiscombe, W. J., and S. Warren. 1980. "A Model for the Spectral Albedo of Snow. II: Snow Containing Atmospheric Aerosols." J. Atmos. Sci. 37 (12): 2734-2745 [10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2734:AMFTSA>2.0.CO;2]

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. J. Wiscombe. 1980. "Efficiency factors in Mie scattering." Phys. Rev. Lett. 45 1490-1494 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.45.1490]

    Wiscombe, W. 1980. "Improved Mie scattering algorithms." Appl. Opt. 1505-1509

    Nussenzveig, H., and W. Wiscombe. 1980. "Forward optical Glory." Optics Lett. 455-457

    Mugnai, A., and W. Wiscombe. 1980. "Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles." J. Atmos. Sci. 1291-1307

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1977. "Author's reply." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans. 18 (2): 251 [10.1016/0022-4073(77)90012-7]

    Wiscombe, W. J. 1977. "Doubling Initialization Revisited." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans. 18 (2): 245-248 [10.1016/0022-4073(77)90010-3]

    Wiscombe, W., and J. Evans. 1977. "Exponential-sum fitting of radiative transmission functions." J. Comp. Phys. 416-444

    Wiscombe, W., and J. Joseph. 1977. "The range of validity of the Eddington approximation." Icarus 362-377

    Wiscombe, W., and P. Chylek. 1977. "Mie scattering between any two angles." J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 572-573

    Wiscombe, W. 1977. "The Delta-M Method: Rapid yet accurate radiative flux calculations for strongly asymmetric phase functions." J. Atmos. Sci. 1408-1422

    Wiscombe, W. 1976. "Extension of the Doubling Method to inhomogeneous sources." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans. 477-489

    Wiscombe, W. 1976. "On initialization, error and flux conservation in the Doubling Method." J. Quant. Spectr. and Rad. Trans. 637-658

    Wiscombe, W., and G. Grams. 1976. "The backscattered fraction in Two-Stream Approximations." J. Atmos. Sci. 2440-2451

    Joseph, J., W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman. 1976. "The Delta-Eddington Approximation for radiative flux transfer." J. Atmos. Sci. 2452-2459

    Non-Refereed

    Lawson, R. P., D. O'Conner, P. Zmarzly, et al. G. L. Bland, W. J. Wiscombe, and G. Holland. 2005. "A New Cloud MicroSensor for the Aerosonde UAV." AIAA Infotech@Aerospace Technical Conference, proceedings [Full Text (Link)]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration