Valeria Cottini

Valeria Cottini

  • RESEARCH SCIENTIST
  • 301.286.7932
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIV OF MARYLAND COLLEGE PARK
  • Research Interests

    Multi-wavelenghts - infrared, UV, Visible - spectroscopy of planets and moons.

    Remote sensing and modeling of planetary atmospheres and surfaces. Atmospheric composition; radiative transfer computations. Mars’, Venus', Titan’s, Saturn's atmosphere. Comparative studies of planetary atmospheres.

    CubeSat missions design. Space missions’ concepts. Instrument concepts.

    Data processing and archiving.

    Positions/Employment

    4/2018 - Present

    Associate Research Scientist

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    7/2016 - 4/2018

    Assistant Research Scientist

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

    Located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Study of Titan (atmosphere and surface) and Saturn using the data of the Cassini Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (CIRS). Processing, calibration and archiving of Voyager Infrared Radiometer Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS) observations of the outer solar system. Instrument and mission design of a 12U cubesat with UV high-resolution spectrometer and hyperspectral camera to study Venus’ absorbers at the cloud tops. Other NASA and ESA mission and instruments concepts proposals.

    5/2013 - 6/2015

    Visiting Assistant Research Scientist

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

    Located at NASA GSFC. Study of Titan’s atmosphere and surface using Cassini CIRS observations.

    5/2011 - 5/2013

    NASA postdoctoral fellowship

    NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, USA

    Study of water vapor in Titan stratosphere using the data of the Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (CIRS) on board of the Cassini mission to the Saturnian system. Supervisor: Donald Jennings.

    5/2009 - 5/2011

    Research Associate

    University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA

    Located at NASA GSFC. Analysis of the spatial and temporal variations of Titan Surface Temperature using Cassini CIRS observations. Supervisor: Conor Nixon.

    10/2007 - 5/2009

    Research grant

    IASF - INAF, Rome, Italy

    Detection and abundance analysis of Venusian mesospheric water from high resolution Venus-Express/VIRTS H data. Supervisor: Giuseppe Piccioni.

    10/2005 - 10/2007

    Research grant

    IFSI - INAF, Rome, Italy

    Study of the Martian atmosphere from PFS data: detection and abundance analysis of minor components such as CO2 isotopes and carbon monoxide. Supervisor: Vittorio Formisano.

    Education

    PhD in Astronomy, University of Roma Tor Vergata, Italy, Feb. 27th 2009. “Infrared spectroscopy of planetary atmospheres: Mars and Venus from PFS-MEX and VIRTIS-VEX data”, Advisors: Dr. D. Grassi and d.ssa. A. Coradini.
    MS in Physics, University of Roma “La Sapienza”, Italy, May 27th, 2005. “Methods and Results of the Study of Martian atmosphere’s minor components by means of high resolution Infrared Spectroscopy using PFS-Mars Express data”. Advisors: Dr. V. Formisano and Prof. F. Melchiorri.
     

    Awards

    Early Career Research Scientist Prize for Excellence” in the Department of Astronomy in 2017, June 2nd, from the University of Maryland.
    ESA Award in 2016 "for making an outstanding contribution to the Venus Express mission which was orbiting Venus between April 2006 and December 2014".
    NASA Postdoctoral Fellowship at Goddard Space Flight Center (2011-2013). Research subject: Study of water vapor in Titan’ stratosphere using the data of the Composite InfraRed Spectrometer (CIRS) on board of the Cassini mission to the Saturnian system. 
    NASA Scholarship awarded for participation to the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Planetary Science Summer School (2009).

    Grants

    07/01/2018 - 06/30/2021 Planetary Instrument Concepts for the Advancement of Solar System Observations (PICASSO), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH17ZDA001N-PICASSO

    Advanced Net Flux Radiometer Focal Plane Assembly for Ice Giants

    ; Co-I
    04/01/2017 - 03/31/2018 ROSES- Planetary Science Deep Space SmallSat Studies program (PSDS3), NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH16ZDA001N-PSDS3

    CUVE - CubeSat UV Experiment: Unveil Venus’ UV absorber with CubeSat UV Mapping Spectrometer

    ; PI
    06/01/2015 - 06/01/2015 Planetary Data Archiving, Restoration and Tools program, NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH14ZDA001N-PDART

    Restoration, Calibration and Archiving of Voyager – IRIS Observations

    ; PI
    06/01/2015 - 05/31/2017 Cassini Data Analysis and Participating Scientists, NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH14ZDA001N-CDAPS

    Temporal and spatial variations of Titan’s surface temperature retrieved from Cassini CIRS spectra

    ; PI
    05/01/2015 - 04/30/2018 Cassini Data Analysis and Participating Scientists, NASA, NASA NRA #: NNH14ZDA001N-CDAPS

    The Water Enigma: Saturn’s Stratospheric Water Vapor Distribution

    ; PI

    Publications

    Refereed

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Mousis, O., D. Atkinson, T. Cavalié, et al. L. Fletcher, M. Amato, S. Aslam, F. Ferri, J.-B. Renard, T. Spilker, E. Venkatapathy, P. Wurz, K. Aplin, A. Coustenis, M. Deleuil, M. Dobrijevic, T. Fouchet, T. Guillot, P. Hartogh, T. Hewagama, M. Hofstadter, V. Hue, R. Hueso, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Lellouch, J. Moses, G. Orton, J. Pearl, A. Sánchez-Lavega, A. Simon, O. Venot, J. Waite, R. Achterberg, S. Atreya, F. Billebaud, M. Blanc, F. Borget, B. Brugger, S. Charnoz, T. Chiavassa, V. Cottini, L. d’Hendecourt, G. Danger, T. Encrenaz, N. Gorius, L. Jorda, B. Marty, R. Moreno, A. Morse, C. Nixon, K. Reh, T. Ronnet, F.-X. Schmider, S. Sheridan, C. Sotin, P. Vernazza, and G. Villanueva. 2018. "Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations." Planetary and Space Science, 155: 12-40 [10.1016/j.pss.2017.10.005]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus, 311: 288-305 (In Press) [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics, 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal, 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus, 270: 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jolly, A., V. Cottini, A. Fayt, et al. L. Manceron, F. Kwabia-Tchana, Y. Benilan, J.-C. Guillemin, C. Nixon, and P. Irwin. 2015. "Gas phase dicyanoacetylene (C4N2) on Titan: New experimental and theoretical spectroscopy results applied to Cassini CIRS data." Icarus, 248: 340-346 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.10.049]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Cottini, V., N. Ignatiev, G. Piccioni, and P. Drossart. 2015. "Water vapor near Venus cloud tops from VIRTIS-H/Venus express observations 2006–2011." Planetary and Space Science, 113-114 (Exploration of Venus): 219-225 [10.1016/j.pss.2015.03.012]

    Turrini, D., R. Politi, R. Peron, et al. D. Grassi, C. Plainaki, M. Barbieri, D. M. Lucchesi, G. Magni, F. Altieri, V. Cottini, N. Gorius, P. Gaulme, F.-X. Schmider, A. Adriani, and G. Piccioni. 2014. "The comparative exploration of the ice giant planets with twin spacecraft: Unveiling the history of our Solar System." Planetary and Space Science, 104: 93-107 [10.1016/j.pss.2014.09.005]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, K. Sung, T. M. Ansty, P. G. Irwin, N. Gorius, V. Cottini, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2013. "DETECTION OF PROPENE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 776 (1): L14 [10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/l14]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. R. de Kok, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2012. "Spatial and temporal variations in Titan's surface temperatures from Cassini CIRS observations." Planetary and Space Science, 60 (1): 62-71 [10.1016/j.pss.2011.03.015]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus, 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal, 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, R. E. Samuelson, P. N. Romani, B. E. Hesman, R. C. Carlson, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2011. "SEASONAL CHANGES IN TITAN'S SURFACE TEMPERATURES." The Astrophysical Journal, 737 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/737/1/l15]

    Ignatiev, N. I., D. V. Titov, G. Piccioni, et al. P. Drossart, W. J. Markiewicz, V. Cottini, T. Roatsch, M. Almeida, and N. Manoel. 2009. "Altimetry of the Venus cloud tops from the Venus Express observations." Journal of Geophysical Research, 114: E00B43 [10.1029/2008je003320]

    Billebaud, F., J. Brillet, E. Lellouch, et al. T. Fouchet, T. Encrenaz, V. Cottini, N. Ignatiev, V. Formisano, M. Giuranna, A. Maturilli, and F. Forget. 2009. "Observations of CO in the atmosphere of Mars with PFS onboard Mars Express." Planetary and Space Science, 57 (12): 1446-1457 [10.1016/j.pss.2009.07.004]

    Formisano, V., V. Cottini, M. Giuranna, et al. D. Grassi, I. Khatuntsev, N. Ignatiev, A. Maturilli, G. Piccioni, B. Saggin, and L. Zasova. 2005. "First observations of the planetary Fourier spectrometer at Mars." Advances in Space Research, 36 (6): 1074-1083 [10.1016/j.asr.2005.07.018]

    Publications

    Refereed

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Mousis, O., D. Atkinson, T. Cavalié, et al. L. Fletcher, M. Amato, S. Aslam, F. Ferri, J.-B. Renard, T. Spilker, E. Venkatapathy, P. Wurz, K. Aplin, A. Coustenis, M. Deleuil, M. Dobrijevic, T. Fouchet, T. Guillot, P. Hartogh, T. Hewagama, M. Hofstadter, V. Hue, R. Hueso, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Lellouch, J. Moses, G. Orton, J. Pearl, A. Sánchez-Lavega, A. Simon, O. Venot, J. Waite, R. Achterberg, S. Atreya, F. Billebaud, M. Blanc, F. Borget, B. Brugger, S. Charnoz, T. Chiavassa, V. Cottini, L. d’Hendecourt, G. Danger, T. Encrenaz, N. Gorius, L. Jorda, B. Marty, R. Moreno, A. Morse, C. Nixon, K. Reh, T. Ronnet, F.-X. Schmider, S. Sheridan, C. Sotin, P. Vernazza, and G. Villanueva. 2018. "Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations." Planetary and Space Science 155 12-40 [10.1016/j.pss.2017.10.005]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus (In Press) 311 288-305 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus 270 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jolly, A., V. Cottini, A. Fayt, et al. L. Manceron, F. Kwabia-Tchana, Y. Benilan, J.-C. Guillemin, C. Nixon, and P. Irwin. 2015. "Gas phase dicyanoacetylene (C4N2) on Titan: New experimental and theoretical spectroscopy results applied to Cassini CIRS data." Icarus 248 340-346 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.10.049]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Cottini, V., N. Ignatiev, G. Piccioni, and P. Drossart. 2015. "Water vapor near Venus cloud tops from VIRTIS-H/Venus express observations 2006–2011." Planetary and Space Science 113-114 (Exploration of Venus): 219-225 [10.1016/j.pss.2015.03.012]

    Turrini, D., R. Politi, R. Peron, et al. D. Grassi, C. Plainaki, M. Barbieri, D. M. Lucchesi, G. Magni, F. Altieri, V. Cottini, N. Gorius, P. Gaulme, F.-X. Schmider, A. Adriani, and G. Piccioni. 2014. "The comparative exploration of the ice giant planets with twin spacecraft: Unveiling the history of our Solar System." Planetary and Space Science 104 93-107 [10.1016/j.pss.2014.09.005]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, K. Sung, T. M. Ansty, P. G. Irwin, N. Gorius, V. Cottini, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2013. "DETECTION OF PROPENE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal 776 (1): L14 [10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/l14]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. R. de Kok, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2012. "Spatial and temporal variations in Titan's surface temperatures from Cassini CIRS observations." Planetary and Space Science 60 (1): 62-71 [10.1016/j.pss.2011.03.015]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, R. E. Samuelson, P. N. Romani, B. E. Hesman, R. C. Carlson, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2011. "SEASONAL CHANGES IN TITAN'S SURFACE TEMPERATURES." The Astrophysical Journal 737 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/737/1/l15]

    Ignatiev, N. I., D. V. Titov, G. Piccioni, et al. P. Drossart, W. J. Markiewicz, V. Cottini, T. Roatsch, M. Almeida, and N. Manoel. 2009. "Altimetry of the Venus cloud tops from the Venus Express observations." Journal of Geophysical Research 114 E00B43 [10.1029/2008je003320]

    Billebaud, F., J. Brillet, E. Lellouch, et al. T. Fouchet, T. Encrenaz, V. Cottini, N. Ignatiev, V. Formisano, M. Giuranna, A. Maturilli, and F. Forget. 2009. "Observations of CO in the atmosphere of Mars with PFS onboard Mars Express." Planetary and Space Science 57 (12): 1446-1457 [10.1016/j.pss.2009.07.004]

    Formisano, V., V. Cottini, M. Giuranna, et al. D. Grassi, I. Khatuntsev, N. Ignatiev, A. Maturilli, G. Piccioni, B. Saggin, and L. Zasova. 2005. "First observations of the planetary Fourier spectrometer at Mars." Advances in Space Research 36 (6): 1074-1083 [10.1016/j.asr.2005.07.018]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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