Richard K Achterberg

Richard K Achterberg

  • RESEARCH ASSOCIATE
  • 301.286.1550
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIV OF MARYLAND COLLEGE PARK
  • Positions/Employment

    7/2018 - Present

    Associate Research Scientist

    Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD
    7/2011 - 6/2018

    Assistant Research Scientist

    Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD
    7/2006 - 6/2011

    Research Associate

    Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD
    2/1994 - 6/2006

    Senior Member of the Technical Staff

    Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, MD
    2/1992 - 2/1994

    NRC Resident Research Associate

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

    Education

    1992  Ph.D., Planetary Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA

    1985  B.A., Physics/Mathematics, St. Olaf College, Northfield, MN

    Awards

    8/2018 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer Team

    5/2017 - NASA GSFC Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement for Science (individual)

    6/2016 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini Proximal Orbit and Grand Finale Orbit Sharing Team

    3/2016 - NASA GSFC Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement for MIssion & Enabling Support, Cassini CIRS Operations Team

    4/2009 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer Team

    4/2009 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini Mangetosphere Target Working Team

    9/2008 - NASA GSFC Robert H. Goddard Award for Exceptional Achievement for Science, Composite Infrared Spectrometer Science Team

     5/2008 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini Titan Integration Science Team

    6/1998 - NASA Group Achievement Award, Cassini/Composite Infrared Spectrometer Instrument Development Team

    Publications

    Refereed

    Aslam, S., R. K. Achterberg, S. B. Calcutt, et al. V. Cottini, N. J. Gorius, T. Hewagama, P. G. Irwin, C. A. Nixon, G. Quilligan, M. Roos-Serote, A. A. Simon, D. Tran, and G. Villanueva. 2020. "Advanced Net Flux Radiometer for the Ice Giants." Space Science Reviews, 216 (1): 11 [10.1007/s11214-019-0630-x]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, N. A. Lombardo, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. M. Annex, M. Rice, P. N. Romani, D. E. Jennings, R. E. Samuelson, C. M. Anderson, A. Coustenis, B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, E. Lellouch, R. Courtin, N. A. Teanby, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) Observations of Titan 2004–2017." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 244 (1): 14 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab3799]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, R. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, G. Bampasidis, C. Nixon, and F. Flasar. 2019. "Titan's neutral atmosphere seasonal variations up to the end of the Cassini mission." Icarus, 113413 (In Press) [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113413]

    Jennings, D. E., T. Tokano, V. Cottini, et al. C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, M. E. Segura, N. J. Gorius, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, and A. Coustenis. 2019. "Titan Surface Temperatures during the Cassini Mission." The Astrophysical Journal, 877 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab1f91]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus, 317: 454-469 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, R. A. West, et al. P. J. Gierasch, S. Perez-Hoyos, A. Sanchez-Lavega, L. N. Fletcher, J. J. Fortney, B. Knowles, C. C. Porco, K. H. Baines, P. M. Fry, A. Mallama, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, U. A. Dyudina, S. P. Ewald, and R. W. Schmude. 2018. "Less absorbed solar energy and more internal heat for Jupiter." Nature Communications, 9 (1): 3709 [10.1038/s41467-018-06107-2]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications, 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters, [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Thelen, A. E., C. Nixon, N. Chanover, et al. E. Molter, M. Cordiner, R. Achterberg, J. Serigano, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, and S. Charnley. 2018. "Spatial variations in Titan’s atmospheric temperature: ALMA and Cassini comparisons from 2012 to 2015." Icarus, 307: 380-390 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.042]

    Nixon, C., R. Lorenz, R. Achterberg, et al. A. Buch, P. Coll, R. Clark, R. Courtin, A. Hayes, L. Iess, R. Johnson, R. Lopes, M. Mastrogiuseppe, K. Mandt, D. Mitchell, F. Raulin, A. Rymer, H. Todd Smith, A. Solomonidou, C. Sotin, D. Strobel, E. Turtle, V. Vuitton, R. West, and R. Yelle. 2018. "Titan's cold case files - Outstanding questions after Cassini-Huygens." Planetary and Space Science, 155: 50-72 [10.1016/j.pss.2018.02.009]

    Mousis, O., D. Atkinson, T. Cavalié, et al. L. Fletcher, M. Amato, S. Aslam, F. Ferri, J.-B. Renard, T. Spilker, E. Venkatapathy, P. Wurz, K. Aplin, A. Coustenis, M. Deleuil, M. Dobrijevic, T. Fouchet, T. Guillot, P. Hartogh, T. Hewagama, M. Hofstadter, V. Hue, R. Hueso, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Lellouch, J. Moses, G. Orton, J. Pearl, A. Sánchez-Lavega, A. Simon, O. Venot, J. Waite, R. Achterberg, S. Atreya, F. Billebaud, M. Blanc, F. Borget, B. Brugger, S. Charnoz, T. Chiavassa, V. Cottini, L. d’Hendecourt, G. Danger, T. Encrenaz, N. Gorius, L. Jorda, B. Marty, R. Moreno, A. Morse, C. Nixon, K. Reh, T. Ronnet, F.-X. Schmider, S. Sheridan, C. Sotin, P. Vernazza, and G. Villanueva. 2018. "Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations." Planetary and Space Science, 155: 12-40 [10.1016/j.pss.2017.10.005]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Lai, J.-Y., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, E. Molter, N. Teanby, M. Palmer, S. Charnley, J. Lindberg, Z. Kisiel, M. Mumma, and P. Irwin. 2017. "Mapping Vinyl Cyanide and Other Nitriles in Titan's Atmosphere Using ALMA." The Astronomical Journal, 154: 206 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa8eef]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal, 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics, 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics, 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus, 270: 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, M. Ádámkovics, et al. B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, T. Cornet, A. G. Hayes, E. Lellouch, M. T. Lemmon, M. López-Puertas, S. Rodriguez, C. Sotin, N. A. Teanby, E. P. Turtle, and R. A. West. 2016. "Titan Science with theJames Webb Space Telescope." Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 128 (959): 018007 [10.1088/1538-3873/128/959/018007]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal, 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 250: 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal, 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 231: 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. ""Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere" in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Coustenis, A., G. Bampasidis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, D. E. Jennings, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, S. Vinatier, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, G. Orton, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2013. "EVOLUTION OF THE STRATOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OVER ONE TITANIAN YEAR." The Astrophysical Journal, 779 (2): 177 [10.1088/0004-637x/779/2/177]

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports, 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal, 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Bampasidis, G., A. Coustenis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. S. Vinatier, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, N. A. Teanby, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, X. Moussas, P. Preka-Papadema, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2012. "THERMAL AND CHEMICAL STRUCTURE VARIATIONS IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE DURING THECASSINIMISSION." The Astrophysical Journal, 760 (2): 144 [10.1088/0004-637x/760/2/144]

    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, P. V. Sada, et al. R. K. Achterberg, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. W. Lunsford, L. N. Fletcher, R. J. Boyle, A. A. Simon-Miller, P. G. Irwin, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "Elusive Ethylene Detected in Saturn's Northern Storm Region." Astrophysical Journal, 760:24: [10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/24]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus, 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Nixon, C. A., B. Temelso, S. Vinatier, et al. N. A. Teanby, B. Bézard, R. K. Achterberg, K. E. Mandt, C. D. Sherrill, P. G. Irwin, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "ISOTOPIC RATIOS IN TITAN's METHANE: MEASUREMENTS AND MODELING." The Astrophysical Journal, 749 (2): 159 [10.1088/0004-637x/749/2/159]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, F. M. Flasar, and R. K. Achterberg. 2012. "Designing infrared observations of Titan's atmosphere with Cassini CIRS." 2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference, [10.1109/aero.2012.6187400]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus, 221: 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Li, L., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. M. A. Smith, N. J. Gorius, X. Jiang, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, K. H. Baines, A. P. Ingersoll, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, and S. P. Ewald. 2011. "The Global Energy Balance of Titan ." Geophys Res Letter, 38: L23201 [10.1029/2011GL050053]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, A. P. Ingersoll, et al. A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, S. P. Ewald, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, and K. H. Baines. 2011. "Equatorial winds on Saturn and the Stratospheric Oscillation." Nature Geoscience, 4: 750-752 [10.1038/ngeo1292]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, F. Michael Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2011. "Temporal variations of Titan’s middle-atmospheric temperatures from 2004 to 2009 observed by Cassini/CIRS." Icarus, 211 (1): 686-698 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.08.009]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, P. Romani, et al. M. Allen, X. Zhang, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2010. "Abundances of Jupiter's trace hydrocarbons from Voyager and Cassini." Planetary and Space Science, 58 (13): 1667-1680 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.05.008]

    Kostiuk, T., T. Hewagama, K. Fast, et al. T. A. Livengood, J. Annen, D. Buhl, G. Sonnabend, F. Schmülling, J. Delgado, and R. K. Achterberg. 2010. "High Spectral Resolution Infrared Studies of Titan: Winds, Temperature and Composition." Planetary and Space Science, 58: 715-1723 [10.1016/2010.08.004]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Lavvas, S. Vinatier, N. Teanby, G. Bjoraker, R. Carlson, L. Piani, G. Bampasidis, F. Flasar, and P. Romani. 2010. "Titan trace gaseous composition from CIRS at the end of the Cassini–Huygens prime mission." Icarus, 207 (1): 461-476 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.11.027]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Infrared limb sounding with Cassini CIRS: Optimal viewing strategy using horizon nodes." 2010 IEEE Aerospace Conference, [10.1109/aero.2010.5446856]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, N. A. Teanby, et al. P. G. Irwin, J.-M. Flaud, I. Kleiner, A. Dehayem-Kamadjeu, L. R. Brown, R. L. Sams, B. Bézard, A. Coustenis, T. M. Ansty, A. Mamoutkine, S. Vinatier, G. L. Bjoraker, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Upper limits for undetected trace species in the stratosphere of Titan." Faraday Discussions, 147: 65 [10.1039/c003771k]

    Fletcher, L. N., R. K. Achterberg, T. K. Greathouse, et al. G. S. Orton, B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon-Miller, S. Guerlet, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Seasonal Change on Saturn from Cassini/CIRS Observations, 2004-2009." Icarus, 208: 337-352.

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res, 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

    Abbas, M. M., H. Kandadi, A. LeClair, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, B. J. Conrath, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, R. Carlson, D. E. Jennings, and M. Segura. 2009. "D/H RATIO OF TITAN FROM OBSERVATIONS OF THECASSINI/COMPOSITE INFRARED SPECTROMETER." The Astrophysical Journal, 708 (1): 342-353 [10.1088/0004-637x/708/1/342]

    Roman, M. T., R. A. West, D. J. Banfield, et al. P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, and P. C. Thomas. 2009. "Determining a tilt in Titan’s north–south albedo asymmetry from Cassini images." Icarus, 203 (1): 242-249 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.04.021]

    Dyudina, U. A., A. P. Ingersoll, S. P. Ewald, et al. A. R. Vasavada, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. D. Del Genio, J. M. Barbara, C. C. Porco, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, A. A. Simon-Miller, and L. N. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn's south polar vortex compared to other large vortices in the Solar System." Icarus, 202 (1): 240-248 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.02.014]

    Hesman, B. E., D. E. Jennings, P. V. Sada, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. M. Anderson, R. J. Boyle, C. A. Nixon, L. N. Fletcher, and G. H. McCabe. 2009. "Saturn's latitudinal C2H2 and C2H6 abundance profiles from Cassini/CIRS and ground-based observations." Icarus, 202 (1): 249-259 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.02.013]

    Flasar, F. M., and R. K. Achterberg. 2009. "The structure and dynamics of Titan's middle atmosphere." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 367 (1889): 649-664 [10.1098/rsta.2008.0242]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. R. E. Samuelson, J. C. Pearl, C. A. Nixon, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, J. C. Brasunas, E. Guandique, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, M. E. Segura, S. A. Albright, M. H. Elliott, J. S. Tingley, S. Calcutt, A. Coustenis, and R. Courtin. 2009. "TITAN'S SURFACE BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURES." The Astrophysical Journal, 691 (2): L103-L105 [10.1088/0004-637x/691/2/l103]

    Hesman, B. E., D. E. Jennings, P. V. Sada, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. M. Anderson, R. J. Boyle, and L. A. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn’s Latitudinal C2H2 and C2H6 Abundance Profiles from Cassini/CIRS and Ground-Based Observations." Icarus, 202: 249-259.

    Dyudina, U. A., A. P. Ingersoll, S. P. Ewald, et al. A. R. Vasavada, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. D. Del Genio, J. M. Barbara, C. C. Porco, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, A. A. Simon-Miller, and L. N. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn’s South Polar Vortex Compared to Other Large Vortices in the Solar System." Icarus, 202: 240-248.

    Del Genio, A. D., R. K. Achterberg, K. H. Baines, et al. F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, A. Sanchez-Lavega, and A. P. Showman. 2009. "Saturn atmospheric structure and dynamics." Saturn from Cassini-Huygens, 113-159 [10.1007/978-1-4020-9217-6_6]

    Teanby, N. A., R. de Kok, P. G. Irwin, et al. S. Osprey, S. Vinatier, P. J. Gierasch, P. L. Read, F. M. Flasar, B. J. Conrath, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, C. A. Nixon, and S. B. Calcutt. 2008. "Titan's winter polar vortex structure revealed by chemical tracers." Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (E12): E12003 [10.1029/2008je003218]

    Achterberg, R. K., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, F. M. Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2008. "Observation of a tilt of Titan's middle-atmospheric superrotation." Icarus, 197 (2): 549-555 [10.1016/j.icarus.2008.05.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. A. Nixon, A. Jolly, et al. B. Bézard, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, and F. M. Flasar. 2008. "Isotopic Ratios in Titan's Atmosphere fromCassiniCIRS Limb Sounding: HC3N in the North." The Astrophysical Journal, 681 (2): L109-L111 [10.1086/590534]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, P. G. Irwin, P. N. Romani, T. Hewagama, and F. M. Flasar. 2008. "Isotopic Ratios in Titan's Atmosphere fromCassiniCIRS Limb Sounding: CO2at Low and Midlatitudes." The Astrophysical Journal, 681 (2): L101-L103 [10.1086/590553]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, S. Vinatier, et al. B. Bézard, A. Coustenis, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, R. de Kok, P. Romani, D. Jennings, G. Bjoraker, and F. Flasar. 2008. "The 12C/13C isotopic ratio in Titan hydrocarbons from Cassini/CIRS infrared spectra." Icarus, 195 (2): 778-791 [10.1016/j.icarus.2008.01.012]

    Dyudina, U. A., A. P. Ingersoll, S. P. Ewald, et al. A. R. Vasavada, R. A. West, A. D. Del Genio, J. M. Barbara, C. C. Porco, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, A. A. Simon, and L. N. Fletcher. 2008. "Dynamics of Saturn's south polar vortex." Science, 319 (5871): 1801 [10.1126/science.1153633]

    Achterberg, R. K., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, F. M. Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2008. "Titan's middle-atmospheric temperatures and dynamics observed by the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Icarus, 194 (1): 263-277 [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.09.029]

    Li, L., P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, A. R. Vasavada, A. P. Ingersoll, D. Banfield, A. A. Simon-Miller, and L. Fletcher. 2008. "The Strong Jet and a New Thermal Wave in Saturn’s Equatorial Stratosphere." Geophys Res Letters, 35: L23208 [ doi:10.1029/2008GL035515]

    Fletcher, L. N., P. G. Irwin, G. S. Orton, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. Howett, R. de Kok, N. Bowles, S. B. Calcutt, B. Hesman, and F. M. Flasar. 2008. "Temperature and Composition of Saturn's Polar Hotspots and Hexagon." Science, 319: 79-81.

    Samuelson, R. E., M. D. Smith, R. K. Achterberg, and J. C. Pearl. 2007. "Cassini CIRS update on stratospheric ices at Titan's winter pole." Icarus, 189 (1): 63-71 [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.02.005]

    Coustenis, A., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. D. E. Jennings, A. Marten, D. Gautier, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, N. A. Teanby, B. Bézard, R. E. Samuelson, R. C. Carlson, E. Lellouch, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, F. W. Taylor, P. G. Irwin, T. Fouchet, A. Hubert, G. S. Orton, V. G. Kunde, S. Vinatier, J. Mondellini, M. M. Abbas, and R. Courtin. 2007. "The composition of Titan's stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS mid-infrared spectra." Icarus, 189 (1): 35-62 [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.12.022]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, B. Conrath, et al. P. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, P. Romani, M. Abbas, A. LeClair, D. Strobel, A. A. Simon-Miller, D. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, and V. Kunde. 2007. "Meridional Variations of C2H2 and C2H6 in Jupiter's Atmosphere from Cassini CIRS Infrared Spectra." Icarus, 188: 47-71. [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.016]

    Simon-Miller, A. A., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. G. S. Orton, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, and B. Fisher. 2006. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Temperatures: from Voyager IRIS to Cassini CIRS." Icarus, 180: 98-112.

    Flasar, F. M., R. Achterberg, B. Conrath, et al. P. Gierasch, V. Kunde, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, D. Jennings, P. Romani, A. Simon-Miller, B. Bezard, A. Coustenis, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. Segura, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, P. Schinder, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, S. Vinatier, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. Samuelson, G. Orton, L. Spilker, T. Owen, J. Spencer, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, S. Edgington, P. Ade, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Titan's Atmospheric Temperatures, Winds, and Composition." Science, 308 (5724): 975-978. [10.1126/science.1111150]

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. J. C. Pearl, G. L. Bjoraker, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. A. Simon-Miller, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, B. Bezard, G. Orton, L. Spilker, J. R. Spencer, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, T. Owen, J. C. Brasunas, M. E. Segura, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, P. Gierasch, P. Schinder, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. E. Samuelson, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, P. Ade, S. Edgington, S. Pilorz, B. Wallis, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Temperatures, Winds, and Composition in the Saturnian System." Science, 307 (5713): 1247-1251 [10.1126/science.1105806]

    Kunde, V., F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, et al. B. Bezard, D. Strobel, B. Conrath, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, P. Romani, R. Achterberg, A. Simon-Miller, P. Irwin, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, P. Gierasch, L. Spilker, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment." Science, 305 (5690): 1582-1586. [10.1126/science.1100240]

    Abbas, M. M., A. LeClair, T. Owen, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. Bjoraker, D. J. Jennings, G. Orton, and P. N. Romani. 2004. "The Nitrogen Isotopic Ratio in Jupiter’s Atmosphere from Observations by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on theCassiniSpacecraft." The Astrophysical Journal, 602 (2): 1063-1074 [10.1086/381084]

    Flasar, F. M., V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, P. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bezard, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, L. Spilker, R. C. Carlson, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "An Intense Stratospheric Jet on Jupiter." Nature, 427: 132-135 [10.1038/nature02142]

    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. D. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews, 115 (1-4): 169-297 [10.1007/s11214-004-1454-9 ]

    Simon-Miller, A. A., P. J. Gierasch, R. F. Beebe, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, R. K. Achterberg, and C. Cirs. 2002. "New Observational Results Concerning Jupiter's Great Red Spot." Icarus, 158: 249-266.

    Achterberg, R. K., and F. Flasar. 1996. "Planetary-Scale Thermal Waves in Saturn's Upper Troposphere." Icarus, 119 (2): 350-369 [10.1006/icar.1996.0024]

    Achterberg, R. K., and A. P. Ingersoll. 1994. "Numerical Simulation of Baroclinic Jovian Vortices." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 51 (4): 541-562 [10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<0541:nsobjv>2.0.co;2]

    Achterberg, R. K., and A. P. Ingersoll. 1989. "A Normal-Mode Approach to Jovian Atmospheric Dynamics." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 46 (15): 2448-2462 [10.1175/1520-0469(1989)046<2448:anmatj>2.0.co;2]

    Publications

    Refereed

    Aslam, S., R. K. Achterberg, S. B. Calcutt, et al. V. Cottini, N. J. Gorius, T. Hewagama, P. G. Irwin, C. A. Nixon, G. Quilligan, M. Roos-Serote, A. A. Simon, D. Tran, and G. Villanueva. 2020. "Advanced Net Flux Radiometer for the Ice Giants." Space Science Reviews 216 (1): 11 [10.1007/s11214-019-0630-x]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, N. A. Lombardo, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. M. Annex, M. Rice, P. N. Romani, D. E. Jennings, R. E. Samuelson, C. M. Anderson, A. Coustenis, B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, E. Lellouch, R. Courtin, N. A. Teanby, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) Observations of Titan 2004–2017." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 244 (1): 14 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab3799]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, R. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, G. Bampasidis, C. Nixon, and F. Flasar. 2019. "Titan's neutral atmosphere seasonal variations up to the end of the Cassini mission." Icarus (In Press) 113413 [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113413]

    Jennings, D. E., T. Tokano, V. Cottini, et al. C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, M. E. Segura, N. J. Gorius, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, and A. Coustenis. 2019. "Titan Surface Temperatures during the Cassini Mission." The Astrophysical Journal 877 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab1f91]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus 317 454-469 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, R. A. West, et al. P. J. Gierasch, S. Perez-Hoyos, A. Sanchez-Lavega, L. N. Fletcher, J. J. Fortney, B. Knowles, C. C. Porco, K. H. Baines, P. M. Fry, A. Mallama, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, U. A. Dyudina, S. P. Ewald, and R. W. Schmude. 2018. "Less absorbed solar energy and more internal heat for Jupiter." Nature Communications 9 (1): 3709 [10.1038/s41467-018-06107-2]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Thelen, A. E., C. Nixon, N. Chanover, et al. E. Molter, M. Cordiner, R. Achterberg, J. Serigano, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, and S. Charnley. 2018. "Spatial variations in Titan’s atmospheric temperature: ALMA and Cassini comparisons from 2012 to 2015." Icarus 307 380-390 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.10.042]

    Nixon, C., R. Lorenz, R. Achterberg, et al. A. Buch, P. Coll, R. Clark, R. Courtin, A. Hayes, L. Iess, R. Johnson, R. Lopes, M. Mastrogiuseppe, K. Mandt, D. Mitchell, F. Raulin, A. Rymer, H. Todd Smith, A. Solomonidou, C. Sotin, D. Strobel, E. Turtle, V. Vuitton, R. West, and R. Yelle. 2018. "Titan's cold case files - Outstanding questions after Cassini-Huygens." Planetary and Space Science 155 50-72 [10.1016/j.pss.2018.02.009]

    Mousis, O., D. Atkinson, T. Cavalié, et al. L. Fletcher, M. Amato, S. Aslam, F. Ferri, J.-B. Renard, T. Spilker, E. Venkatapathy, P. Wurz, K. Aplin, A. Coustenis, M. Deleuil, M. Dobrijevic, T. Fouchet, T. Guillot, P. Hartogh, T. Hewagama, M. Hofstadter, V. Hue, R. Hueso, J.-P. Lebreton, E. Lellouch, J. Moses, G. Orton, J. Pearl, A. Sánchez-Lavega, A. Simon, O. Venot, J. Waite, R. Achterberg, S. Atreya, F. Billebaud, M. Blanc, F. Borget, B. Brugger, S. Charnoz, T. Chiavassa, V. Cottini, L. d’Hendecourt, G. Danger, T. Encrenaz, N. Gorius, L. Jorda, B. Marty, R. Moreno, A. Morse, C. Nixon, K. Reh, T. Ronnet, F.-X. Schmider, S. Sheridan, C. Sotin, P. Vernazza, and G. Villanueva. 2018. "Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations." Planetary and Space Science 155 12-40 [10.1016/j.pss.2017.10.005]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Lai, J.-Y., M. Cordiner, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, E. Molter, N. Teanby, M. Palmer, S. Charnley, J. Lindberg, Z. Kisiel, M. Mumma, and P. Irwin. 2017. "Mapping Vinyl Cyanide and Other Nitriles in Titan's Atmosphere Using ALMA." The Astronomical Journal 154 206 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa8eef]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus 270 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, M. Ádámkovics, et al. B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, T. Cornet, A. G. Hayes, E. Lellouch, M. T. Lemmon, M. López-Puertas, S. Rodriguez, C. Sotin, N. A. Teanby, E. P. Turtle, and R. A. West. 2016. "Titan Science with theJames Webb Space Telescope." Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 128 (959): 018007 [10.1088/1538-3873/128/959/018007]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 250 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 231 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

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