Richard F Mushotzky

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Richard F Mushotzky

  • PROFESSOR
  • 301.405.6853
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 660
  • GREENBELT , MD 20771
  • Employer: Science Collaborator
  • Curriculum Vitae



    Brief Bio

    After his PhD he started as a NRC fellow at GSFC. Became a civil servant in 1979. He has been involved in the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data from many of the x-ray spectroscopy and imaging experiments flown in the last 15 years (viz. OSO-7, OSO-8, HEAO-1, HEAO-2, EXOSAT, Ginga, Rosat , BBXRT, ASCA,XMM,Chandra and XTE). He is presently an interdisciplinary scientist on the AXAF science working group, a ASTRO-E science advisory group member and a mission scientist on the XMM Science Advisory Group. Dr. Mushotzky has supervised the PhD thesis of 10 students and has worked closely with numerous post-doctoral research fellows and other graduate students.He has received the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 1983 and 2003, the NASA Exceptional Achievement award in 2000 and the GSFC Lindsay Award for Scientific Achievement in 1985

    Research

    Studies of Active Galactic Nuclei, Clusters of Galaxies, elliptical galaxies, evolution of the elements and cosmology: analysis and interpretation of X-ray observations of active galactic nuclei and clusters of galaxies. Participate in the development, planning and implementation of future X-ray observatories. Supervision and guidance of graduate students, post-doctoral researchers, guest observer facility

    SELECTED OTHER ACTIVITIES
    Space Station Platform Accommodation Group, 1986-1988
    Member of the X-ray Program Working Group 1992-1994
    Chair NASA High Energy Astrophysics Theory review panel 1989,1992
    Member NASA review panel- on the review of the proposal review process Sept 1996
    Member of the National Academy of Sciences Task group on Space Astronomy and Astrophysics 1996
    Chair Space Telescope Proposal review panel on clusters of galaxies Nov 1996
    Chair ADP review panel on active galaxies August 1997
    Chair ASCA Extragalactic Review panel Oct 1997
    GSFC wide term position review board Fall/winter 1997-98
    Chair XMM Science Survey Consortium Review Board Dec 1997
    Presented the operating missions at the NASA Hdqrts State of the Universe 1999
    Member of X-ray Program Working Group 1999
    Adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University
    Member Steering Committee on the Ground based Optical/IR system Phoenix Oct 2000
    NOVA Lecturer Netherlands April 2001
    Chair XMM TAC on clusters of galaxies Nov 2004
    Chair HST proposal review TAC- Extragalactic panel march 2005

    Projects

    Chandra Science Working Group
    XMM Users Group
    Suzaku Science Working Group
    Constellation-X FST

    ELECTED OTHER ACTIVITIES
    Space Station Platform Accommodation Group, 1986-1988
    Member of the X-ray Program Working Group 1992-1994
    Chair NASA High Energy Astrophysics Theory review panel 1989,1992
    Member NASA review panel- on the review of the proposal review process Sept 1996
    Member of the National Academy of Sciences Task group on Space Astronomy and Astrophysics 1996
    Chair Space Telescope Proposal review panel on clusters of galaxies Nov 1996
    Chair ADP review panel on active galaxies August 1997
    Chair ASCA Extragalactic Review panel Oct 1997
    GSFC wide term position review board Fall/winter 1997-98
    Chair XMM Science Survey Consortium Review Board Dec 1997
    Presented the operating missions at the NASA Hdqrts State of the Universe 1999
    Member of X-ray Program Working Group 1999
    Adjunct Professor at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University
    Member Steering Committee on the Ground based Optical/IR system Phoenix Oct 2000
    NOVA Lecturer Netherlands April 2001
    Chair XMM TAC on clusters of galaxies Nov 2004
    Chair HST proposal review TAC- Extragalactic panel march 2005

    Education

    1968 - B.S. - M.I.T.
    1971 - M.S. - U.C.S.D.
    1976 - Ph.D. - U.C.S.D. Observations of hard X-rays from extra-galactic objects
    Over 100 invited lectures at international meetings and universities, over 270 refereed publications, and an ISI "Highly Cited scientist". Numerous mentions in "Science News" , 4 articles in the New York Times.

    Publications

    Top 5 most frequently cited papers: ~230 citations or more.
    The most sensitive hard x-ray survey of the sky-
    Piccinotti, G.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Boldt, E. A.; Holt, S. S.; Marshall, F. E.; Serlemitsos, P. J.; Shafer, R. A. 1982ApJ...253..485P
    A complete X-ray sample of the high-latitude /absolute value of B greater than 20 deg/ sky from HEAO 1 A-2 - Log N-log S and luminosity functions

    The most commonly cited paper for the properties and existence of broad Fe K lines in AGN
    Nandra, K.; George, I. M.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Turner, T. J.; Yaqoob, T.
    1997ApJ...477..602N
    ASCA Observations of Seyfert 1 Galaxies. II. Relativistic Iron K alpha Emission

    The first paper from Chandra on the x-ray background
    Mushotzky, R. F.; Cowie, L. L.; Barger, A. J.; Arnaud, K. A.
    2000Nature.404..459M
    Resolving the extragalactic hard X-ray background

    The most cited review paper on the x-ray properties of AGN
    Mushotzky, Richard F.; Done, Christine; Pounds, Kenneth A.
    1993ARA&A..31..717M
    X-ray spectra and time variability of active galactic nuclei

    The first observational papers on the evolution of clusters of galaxies
    Mushotzky, R. F.; Scharf, C.
    1997ApJ...482L..13

    The Luminosity-Temperature Relation at z=0.4 for Clusters of Galaxies
    Mushotzky, R. F.; Loewenstein, M.
    1997ApJ...481L..63M
    Lack of Evolution in the Iron Abundance in Clusters of Galaxies and Implications for the Global Star Formation Rate at High Redshift
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    Other important results:
    First x-ray spectral survey of clusters of galaxies
    Mushotzky, R. F.; Serlemitsos, P. J.; Boldt, E. A.; Holt, S. S.; Smith, B. W.
    1978ApJ...225...21M
    OSO 8 X-ray spectra of clusters of galaxies. I - Observations of twenty clusters: Physical correlations

    First broad band spectra of active galaxies
    Rothschild, R. E.; Baity, W. A.; Gruber, D. E.; Matteson, J. L.; Peterson, L. E.; Mushotzky, R. F.
    1983ApJ...269..423R
    2-165 keV observations of active galaxies and the diffuse background

    First direct test of cooling flow models and the discovery of the lack of cool gas
    Peterson, J. R.; Paerels, F. B. S.; Kaastra, J. S.; Arnaud, M.; Reiprich, T. H.; Fabian, A. C.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Jernigan, J. G.; Sakelliou, I.
    2001A&A...365L.104P
    X-ray imaging-spectroscopy of Abell 1835

    First claim of the existence of intermediate mass black holes
    Colbert, Edward J. M.; Mushotzky, Richard F.
    1999ApJ...519...89C
    The Nature of Accreting Black Holes in Nearby Galaxy Nuclei

    Discovery of the general existence of hot gas in groups of galaxies and the implications of groups being the prime reservoir for mass and metals in the universe.
    Mulchaey, John S.; Davis, David S.; Mushotzky, Richard F.; Burstein, David
    1996ApJ...456...80M
    The Intragroup Medium in Poor Groups of Galaxies

    First measurement of the chemical composition of clusters of galaxies
    Mushotzky, R.; Loewenstein, M.; Arnaud, K. A.; Tamura, T.; Fukazawa, Y.; Matsushita, K.; Kikuchi, K.; Hatsukade, I.
    1996ApJ...466..686M
    Measurement of the Elemental Abundances in Four Rich Clusters of Galaxies. I. Observations and 1996ApJ...466..695L
    Loewenstein, M.; Mushotzky, R. F.
    Measurement of the Elemental Abundances in Four Rich Clusters of Galaxies. II. The Initial Mass Function and Mass Loss in Elliptical Galaxies, Enrichment, and Energetics in the ICM

    First detailed theoretical calculation of optical UV line strengths in a individual galaxy
    Ferland, G. J.; Mushotzky, R. F.
    1982ApJ...262..564F
    Broad line region clouds and the absorbing material in NGC 4151

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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