Reto A. Ruedy

No photo available

Reto A. Ruedy

  • MGR SCI PROG ANAL
  • 212.678.5541
  • NASA GISS
  • 2880 Broadway
  • New York , NY 10025
  • Employer: SciSpace LLC
  • Publications

    Refereed

    Nazarenko, L. S., N. Tausnev, G. L. Russell, et al. D. Rind, R. L. Miller, G. A. Schmidt, S. E. Bauer, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, A. S. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. I. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2022. "Future Climate Change under SSP Emission Scenarios with GISS‐E2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, (In Press) [10.1029/2021ms002871]

    Colose, C. M., J. Haqq-Misra, E. T. Wolf, et al. A. D. Del Genio, R. Barnes, M. J. Way, and R. Ruedy. 2021. "Effects of Spin–Orbit Resonances and Tidal Heating on the Inner Edge of the Habitable Zone." The Astrophysical Journal, 921 (1): 25 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac135c]

    Lerner, P., A. Romanou, M. Kelley, et al. J. Romanski, R. Ruedy, and G. Russell. 2021. "Drivers of Air‐Sea CO 2 Flux Seasonality and its Long‐Term Changes in the NASA‐GISS Model CMIP6 Submission." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13 (2): [10.1029/2019ms002028]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. S. E. Bauer, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, A. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2021. "CMIP6 Historical Simulations (1850‐2014) with GISS‐E2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13: e2019MS002034 [10.1029/2019ms002034]

    Ito, G., A. Romanou, N. Y. Kiang, et al. G. Faluvegi, I. Aleinov, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, P. Lerner, M. Kelley, and K. Lo. 2020. "Global Carbon Cycle and Climate Feedbacks in the NASA GISS ModelE2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (10): [10.1029/2019ms002030]

    Kelley, M., G. A. Schmidt, L. S. Nazarenko, et al. S. E. Bauer, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, A. S. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. I. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, R. L. Miller, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2020. "GISS‐E2.1: Configurations and Climatology." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12 (8): [10.1029/2019ms002025]

    Lenssen, N. J., G. A. Schmidt, J. E. Hansen, et al. M. J. Menne, A. Persin, R. Ruedy, and D. Zyss. 2019. "Improvements in the GISTEMP Uncertainty Model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124 (12): 6307-6326 [10.1029/2018jd029522]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, P. Hearty, et al. R. Ruedy, M. Kelley, V. Masson-Delmotte, G. Russell, G. Tselioudis, J. Cao, E. Rignot, I. Velicogna, B. Tormey, B. Donovan, E. Kandiano, K. von Schuckmann, P. Kharecha, A. N. Legrande, M. Bauer, and K.-W. Lo. 2016. "Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 °C global warming could be dangerous." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (6): 3761-3812 [10.5194/acp-16-3761-2016]

    Nazarenko, L., G. A. Schmidt, R. L. Miller, et al. N. L. Tausnev, M. Kelley, R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2015. "Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 7 (1): 244-267 [doi:10.1002/2014MS000403]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. N. L. Tausnev, S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, D. T. Shindell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. Legrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Perez Garcia Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6 (2): 441-477 [10.1002/2013MS000266]

    Schmidt, G. A., M. Kelley, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, M. K. Bhat, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, R. de Fainchtein, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, E. E. Matthews, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, V. Oinas, A. O. Oloso, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, W. M. Putman, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, R. A. Syed, N. L. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 6 (1): 141-184 [10.1002/2013MS000265]

    Shindell, D., G. Faluvegi, L. Nazarenko, et al. K. Bowman, J.-F. Lamarque, A. Voulgarakis, G. A. Schmidt, O. Pechony, and R. Ruedy. 2013. "Attribution of historical ozone forcing to anthropogenic emissions." Nature Climate change, 3 (6): 567-670 [10.1038/nclimate1835]

    Shindell, D. T., O. Pechony, A. Voulgarakis, et al. G. Faluvegi, L. Nazarenko, J.-F. Lamarque, K. Bowman, G. Milly, W. Kovari, R. Ruedy, and G. Schmidt. 2013. "Interactive ozone and methane chemistry in GISS-E2 historical and future climate simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13 (5): 2653-2689 [10.5194/acp-13-2653-2013]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, and R. A. Ruedy. 2012. "Perception of climate change." Proc Natl Acad Sci, 109 (37): E2415-E2423 [10.1073/pnas.1205276109]

    Koch, D., S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, et al. G. S. Faluvegi, J. R. McConnell, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, D. Rind, R. A. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and D. T. Shindell. 2011. "Coupled Aerosol-Chemistry–Climate Twentieth-Century Transient Model Investigation: Trends in Short-Lived Species and Climate Responses." J Climate, 24 (11): 2693-2714 [10.1175/2011JCLI3582.1]

    Geller, M. A., T. Zhou, R. A. Ruedy, et al. I. Aleinov, L. S. Nazarenko, N. L. Tausnev, S. Sun, M. Kelley, and Y.-B. Cheng. 2011. "New Gravity Wave Treatments for GISS Climate Models." J Climate, 24 (15): 3989-4002 [10.1175/2011JCLI4013.1]

    Chang, Y., J. C. Chiang, M. F. Wehner, A. Friedman, and R. A. Ruedy. 2011. "Sulfate Aerosol Control of Tropical Atlantic Climate over the Twentieth Century." J Climate, 24 (10): 2540-2555 [10.1175/2010JCLI4065.1]

    Hansen, J. E., R. A. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K.-W. Lo. 2010. "Global surface temperature change." Rev. Geophys., 48 (4): RG4004 [10.1029/2010RG000345]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, R. L. Miller, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Attribution of the present-day total greenhouse effect." J Geophys Res, 115 (D20): D20106 [10.1029/2010JD014287]

    Lacis, A. A., G. A. Schmidt, D. Rind, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Atmospheric CO₂: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth's Temperature." Science, 330 (6002): 356-359 [10.1126/science.1190653]

    Lohmann, U., L. Rotstayn, T. Storelvmo, et al. A. Jones, S. Menon, J. Quaas, A. Ekman, D. M. Koch, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Total aerosol effect: radiative forcing or radiative flux perturbation?" Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10 (7): 3235-3246 [10.5194/acp-10-3235-2010]

    Koch, D. M., S. Menon, A. D. Del Genio, et al. R. A. Ruedy, I. Aleinov, and G. A. Schmidt. 2009. "Distinguishing Aerosol Impacts on Climate over the Past Century." J Climate, 22 (10): 2659-2677 [10.1175/2008JCLI2573.1]

    Bauer, S. E., D. Wright, D. Koch, et al. E. R. Lewis, R. McGraw, L. Chang, S. E. Schwartz, and R. Ruedy. 2008. "MATRIX (Multiconfiguration Aerosol TRacker of mIXing state): an aerosol microphysical module for global atmospheric models." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8 (20): 6003-6035 [10.5194/acp-8-6003-2008]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7 (9): 2287-2312 [10.5194/acp-7-2287-2007]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE." Clim Dyn, 29 (7-8): 661-696 [10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8]

    Romanou, A., B. Liepert, G. A. Schmidt, et al. W. B. Rossow, R. A. Ruedy, and Y. C. Zhang. 2007. "20th century changes in surface solar irradiance in simulations and observations." Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (5): L05713 [10.1029/2006GL028356]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, J. E. Hansen, et al. I. Aleinov, N. Bell, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, A. D. Friend, T. M. Hall, Y. Hu, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, P. H. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, and M.-S. Yao. 2006. "Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data." J. Climate, 19 (2): 153-192 [10.1175/JCLI3612.1]

    Miller, R. L., R. V. Cakmur, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. P. Ginoux, K. E. Kohfeld, D. Koch, C. Prigent, R. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and I. Tegen. 2006. "Mineral dust aerosols in the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences ModelE atmospheric general circulation model." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D6): D06208 [10.1029/2005JD005796]

    Hansen, J. E., K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, et al. M. Sato, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade. 2006. "Global temperature change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103 (39): 14288-14293 [10.1073/pnas.0606291103]

    Shindell, D. T., G. S. Faluvegi, A. A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, R. A. Ruedy, and E. Aguilar. 2006. "Role of tropospheric ozone increases in 20th-century climate change." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D8): D08302 [10.1029/2005JD006348]

    Santer, B. D., T. M. Wigley, C. Mears, et al. F. J. Wentz, S. A. Klein, D. J. Seidel, K. E. Taylor, P. W. Thorne, M. F. Wehner, P. J. Gleckler, J. S. Boyle, W. D. Collins, K. W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, M. Free, Q. Fu, J. E. Hansen, G. S. Jones, R. Ruedy, T. R. Karl, J. R. Lanzante, G. A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, G. Russell, and G. A. Schmidt. 2005. "Amplification of Surface Temperature Trends and Variability in the Tropical Atmosphere." Science, 309 (5740): 1551-1556 [10.1126/science.1114867]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. L. S. Nazarenko, A. A. Lacis, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, N. Bell, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. Jackman, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, B. Wielicki, T. Wong, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2005. "Efficacy of climate forcings." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D18): D18104 [10.1029/2005JD005776]

    Hansen, J., L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, et al. I. Sato, J. Willis, A. Del Genio, D. Koch, A. Lacis, K. Lo, S. Menon, T. Novakov, U. Perlwitz, G. Russell, G. A. Schmidt, and N. Tausnev. 2005. "Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications." Science, 308 (5727): 1431-1435 [10.1126/science.1110252]

    Oman, L., A. Robock, G. Stenchikov, G. A. Schmidt, and R. A. Ruedy. 2005. "Climatic response to high-latitude volcanic eruptions." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D13): D13103 [10.1029/2004JD005487]

    Sato, I., J. Hansen, D. Koch, et al. A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, M. Chin, and T. Novakov. 2003. "Global atmospheric black carbon inferred from AERONET." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100 (11): 6319-6324 [10.1073/pnas.0731897100]

    Santer, B. D., R. Sausen, T. M. Wigley, et al. J. S. Boyle, K. AchutaRao, C. Doutriaux, J. E. Hansen, G. A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, R. Ruedy, G. Schmidt, and K. E. Taylor. 2003. "Behavior of tropopause height and atmospheric temperature in models, reanalyses, and observations: Decadal changes." J Geophys Res, 108 (D1): 4002 [10.1029/2002JD002258]

    Robinson, W. A., R. Ruedy, and J. E. Hansen. 2002. "General circulation model simulations of recent cooling in the east-central United States." J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D24): 4748 [10.1029/2001JD001577]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, I. Sato, and K. Lo. 2002. "Global warming continues." Science, 295 (5553): 275 [10.1126/science.295.5553.275c]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy. 2002. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations." J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D18): 4347 [10.1029/2001JD001143]

    Nazarenko, L., J. Hansen, N. Tausnev, and R. Ruedy. 2001. "Response of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model." Annals of Glaciology, 33 (1): 513-520 [10.3189/172756401781818897]

    Hansen, J. E., R. Ruedy, I. Sato, et al. M. Imhoff, W. Lawrence, D. Easterling, T. Peterson, and T. Karl. 2001. "A closer look at United States and global surface temperature change." J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D20): 23,947-23,963 [10.1029/2001JD000354]

    Russell, G. L., J. R. Miller, D. Rind, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and S. Sheth. 2000. "Comparison of model and observed regional temperature changes during the past 40 years." J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D11): 14891-14898 [10.1029/2000JD900156]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2000. "Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97 (18): 9875-9880 [10.1073/pnas.170278997]

    Hansen, J. E., R. A. Ruedy, J. Glascoe, and M. Sato. 1999. "GISS analysis of surface temperature change." J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D24): 30997-31022 [10.1029/1999JD900835]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and J. Glascoe. 1998. "GLOBAL WARMING:Global Climate Data and Models: A Reconciliation." Science, 281 (5379): 930-932 [10.1126/science.281.5379.930]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, J. Glascoe, and R. A. Ruedy. 1998. "A common sense climate index: Is climate changing noticeably?" Proc Natl Acad Sci, 95 (8): 4113-4120 [Full Text (Link)]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, et al. R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews. 1998. "Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era." Proc Natl Acad Sci, 95: 12753-12758.

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, et al. G. Russell, M. Sato, J. Lerner, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1997. "Wonderland climate model." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D6): 6823-6830 [10.1029/96JD03435]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "The missing climate forcing." Phil Trans Royal Soc London B, 352: 231-240.

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "Radiative forcing and climate response." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D6): 6831-6864 [10.1029/96JD03436]

    O'Connell, S., M. A. Chandler, and R. Ruedy. 1996. "Implications for the creation of warm saline deep water: Late Paleocene reconstructions and global climte model simulations." Geol Soc Amer Bull, 100: 270-284.

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and R. Reynolds. 1996. "Global surface air temperature in 1995: Return to pre-Pinatubo level." Geophysical Research Letters, 23 (13): 1665-1668 [10.1029/96GL01040]

    Hansen, J., H. Wilson, M. Sato, et al. R. Ruedy, K. Shah, and E. Hansen. 1995. "Satellite and surface temperature data at odds?" Climatic Change, 30 (1): 103-117 [10.1007/BF01093228]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1995. "Long-term changes of the diurnal temperature cycle: implications about mechanisms of global climate change." Atmospheric Research, 37 (1-3): 175-209 [10.1016/0169-8095(94)00077-Q]

    Pollack, J. B., D. Rind, A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1993. "GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. Part I: Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations." J Climate, 6: 1719-1742.

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and H. Wilson. 1993. "How sensitive is the world's climate?" Natl Geog Soc Res Exploration, 9: 142-158.

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, and M. Sato. 1992. "Potential climate impact of Mount Pinatubo eruption." Geophys Res Lett, 19 (2): 215-218 [10.1029/91GL02788]

    Chandler, M. A., D. Rind, and R. Ruedy. 1992. "Pangaean climate during the Early Jurassic: GCM simulations and the sedimentary record of paleoclimate:." Geol Soc Amer Bull, 104: 543-559.

    Barnett, T. P., A. D. Del Genio, and R. A. Ruedy. 1992. "Unforced decadal fluctuations in a coupled model of the atmosphere and ocean mixed layer." J Geophys Res, 97 (C5): 7341-7354 [10.1029/92JC00501]

    Del Genio, A. D., A. A. Lacis, and R. A. Ruedy. 1991. "Simulations of the effect of a warmer climate on atmospheric humidity." Nature, 351 (6325): 382-385 [10.1038/351382a0]

    Hansen, J., I. Fung, A. Lacis, et al. D. Rind, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, and P. Stone. 1988. "Global climate changes as forecast by Goddard Institute for Space Studies three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res., 93 (D8): 9341-9364 [10.1029/JD093iD08p09341]

    Hansen, J., G. L. Russell, D. H. Rind, et al. P. Stone, A. A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. A. Ruedy, and L. D. Travis. 1983. "Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II." M. Weather Rev., 111 (4): 609-662 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0609:ETDGMF>2.0.CO;2]

    Publications

    Refereed

    Nazarenko, L. S., N. Tausnev, G. L. Russell, et al. D. Rind, R. L. Miller, G. A. Schmidt, S. E. Bauer, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, A. S. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. I. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2022. "Future Climate Change under SSP Emission Scenarios with GISS‐E2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (In Press) [10.1029/2021ms002871]

    Colose, C. M., J. Haqq-Misra, E. T. Wolf, et al. A. D. Del Genio, R. Barnes, M. J. Way, and R. Ruedy. 2021. "Effects of Spin–Orbit Resonances and Tidal Heating on the Inner Edge of the Habitable Zone." The Astrophysical Journal 921 (1): 25 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac135c]

    Lerner, P., A. Romanou, M. Kelley, et al. J. Romanski, R. Ruedy, and G. Russell. 2021. "Drivers of Air‐Sea CO 2 Flux Seasonality and its Long‐Term Changes in the NASA‐GISS Model CMIP6 Submission." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 13 (2): [10.1029/2019ms002028]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. S. E. Bauer, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, A. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2021. "CMIP6 Historical Simulations (1850‐2014) with GISS‐E2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 13 e2019MS002034 [10.1029/2019ms002034]

    Ito, G., A. Romanou, N. Y. Kiang, et al. G. Faluvegi, I. Aleinov, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, P. Lerner, M. Kelley, and K. Lo. 2020. "Global Carbon Cycle and Climate Feedbacks in the NASA GISS ModelE2.1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12 (10): [10.1029/2019ms002030]

    Kelley, M., G. A. Schmidt, L. S. Nazarenko, et al. S. E. Bauer, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, A. S. Ackerman, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, G. Cesana, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, B. I. Cook, C. A. Cruz, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Elsaesser, G. Faluvegi, N. Y. Kiang, D. Kim, A. A. Lacis, A. Leboissetier, A. N. LeGrande, K. K. Lo, J. Marshall, E. E. Matthews, S. McDermid, K. Mezuman, R. L. Miller, L. T. Murray, V. Oinas, C. Orbe, C. P. García‐Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, G. Tselioudis, E. Weng, J. Wu, and M. Yao. 2020. "GISS‐E2.1: Configurations and Climatology." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12 (8): [10.1029/2019ms002025]

    Lenssen, N. J., G. A. Schmidt, J. E. Hansen, et al. M. J. Menne, A. Persin, R. Ruedy, and D. Zyss. 2019. "Improvements in the GISTEMP Uncertainty Model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124 (12): 6307-6326 [10.1029/2018jd029522]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, P. Hearty, et al. R. Ruedy, M. Kelley, V. Masson-Delmotte, G. Russell, G. Tselioudis, J. Cao, E. Rignot, I. Velicogna, B. Tormey, B. Donovan, E. Kandiano, K. von Schuckmann, P. Kharecha, A. N. Legrande, M. Bauer, and K.-W. Lo. 2016. "Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 °C global warming could be dangerous." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (6): 3761-3812 [10.5194/acp-16-3761-2016]

    Nazarenko, L., G. A. Schmidt, R. L. Miller, et al. N. L. Tausnev, M. Kelley, R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2015. "Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 7 (1): 244-267 [doi:10.1002/2014MS000403]

    Miller, R. L., G. A. Schmidt, L. Nazarenko, et al. N. L. Tausnev, S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, D. T. Shindell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. Legrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Perez Garcia Pando, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "CMIP5 historical simulations (1850-2012) with GISS ModelE2." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (2): 441-477 [10.1002/2013MS000266]

    Schmidt, G. A., M. Kelley, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, M. K. Bhat, R. Bleck, V. M. Canuto, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, R. de Fainchtein, G. S. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, E. E. Matthews, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, V. Oinas, A. O. Oloso, J. P. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, W. M. Putman, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, R. A. Syed, N. L. Tausnev, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao, and J. Zhang. 2014. "Configuration and assessment of the GISS ModelE2 contributions to the CMIP5 archive." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 6 (1): 141-184 [10.1002/2013MS000265]

    Shindell, D., G. Faluvegi, L. Nazarenko, et al. K. Bowman, J.-F. Lamarque, A. Voulgarakis, G. A. Schmidt, O. Pechony, and R. Ruedy. 2013. "Attribution of historical ozone forcing to anthropogenic emissions." Nature Climate change 3 (6): 567-670 [10.1038/nclimate1835]

    Shindell, D. T., O. Pechony, A. Voulgarakis, et al. G. Faluvegi, L. Nazarenko, J.-F. Lamarque, K. Bowman, G. Milly, W. Kovari, R. Ruedy, and G. Schmidt. 2013. "Interactive ozone and methane chemistry in GISS-E2 historical and future climate simulations." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (5): 2653-2689 [10.5194/acp-13-2653-2013]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, and R. A. Ruedy. 2012. "Perception of climate change." Proc Natl Acad Sci 109 (37): E2415-E2423 [10.1073/pnas.1205276109]

    Koch, D., S. E. Bauer, A. Del Genio, et al. G. S. Faluvegi, J. R. McConnell, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, D. Rind, R. A. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and D. T. Shindell. 2011. "Coupled Aerosol-Chemistry–Climate Twentieth-Century Transient Model Investigation: Trends in Short-Lived Species and Climate Responses." J Climate 24 (11): 2693-2714 [10.1175/2011JCLI3582.1]

    Geller, M. A., T. Zhou, R. A. Ruedy, et al. I. Aleinov, L. S. Nazarenko, N. L. Tausnev, S. Sun, M. Kelley, and Y.-B. Cheng. 2011. "New Gravity Wave Treatments for GISS Climate Models." J Climate 24 (15): 3989-4002 [10.1175/2011JCLI4013.1]

    Chang, Y., J. C. Chiang, M. F. Wehner, A. Friedman, and R. A. Ruedy. 2011. "Sulfate Aerosol Control of Tropical Atlantic Climate over the Twentieth Century." J Climate 24 (10): 2540-2555 [10.1175/2010JCLI4065.1]

    Hansen, J. E., R. A. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K.-W. Lo. 2010. "Global surface temperature change." Rev. Geophys. 48 (4): RG4004 [10.1029/2010RG000345]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, R. L. Miller, and A. A. Lacis. 2010. "Attribution of the present-day total greenhouse effect." J Geophys Res 115 (D20): D20106 [10.1029/2010JD014287]

    Lacis, A. A., G. A. Schmidt, D. Rind, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Atmospheric CO₂: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth's Temperature." Science 330 (6002): 356-359 [10.1126/science.1190653]

    Lohmann, U., L. Rotstayn, T. Storelvmo, et al. A. Jones, S. Menon, J. Quaas, A. Ekman, D. M. Koch, and R. A. Ruedy. 2010. "Total aerosol effect: radiative forcing or radiative flux perturbation?" Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (7): 3235-3246 [10.5194/acp-10-3235-2010]

    Koch, D. M., S. Menon, A. D. Del Genio, et al. R. A. Ruedy, I. Aleinov, and G. A. Schmidt. 2009. "Distinguishing Aerosol Impacts on Climate over the Past Century." J Climate 22 (10): 2659-2677 [10.1175/2008JCLI2573.1]

    Bauer, S. E., D. Wright, D. Koch, et al. E. R. Lewis, R. McGraw, L. Chang, S. E. Schwartz, and R. Ruedy. 2008. "MATRIX (Multiconfiguration Aerosol TRacker of mIXing state): an aerosol microphysical module for global atmospheric models." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 (20): 6003-6035 [10.5194/acp-8-6003-2008]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7 (9): 2287-2312 [10.5194/acp-7-2287-2007]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. P. A. Kharecha, A. A. Lacis, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, K.-W. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. E. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. D. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. H. Jackman, J. A. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. P. Perlwitz, J. Perlwitz, D. H. Rind, A. Romanou, R. B. Schmunk, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2007. "Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE." Clim Dyn 29 (7-8): 661-696 [10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8]

    Romanou, A., B. Liepert, G. A. Schmidt, et al. W. B. Rossow, R. A. Ruedy, and Y. C. Zhang. 2007. "20th century changes in surface solar irradiance in simulations and observations." Geophysical Research Letters 34 (5): L05713 [10.1029/2006GL028356]

    Schmidt, G. A., R. A. Ruedy, J. E. Hansen, et al. I. Aleinov, N. Bell, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, A. D. Friend, T. M. Hall, Y. Hu, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, R. L. Miller, L. S. Nazarenko, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G. L. Russell, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, P. H. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, and M.-S. Yao. 2006. "Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data." J. Climate 19 (2): 153-192 [10.1175/JCLI3612.1]

    Miller, R. L., R. V. Cakmur, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. P. Ginoux, K. E. Kohfeld, D. Koch, C. Prigent, R. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and I. Tegen. 2006. "Mineral dust aerosols in the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences ModelE atmospheric general circulation model." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D6): D06208 [10.1029/2005JD005796]

    Hansen, J. E., K.-W. Lo, R. A. Ruedy, et al. M. Sato, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade. 2006. "Global temperature change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (39): 14288-14293 [10.1073/pnas.0606291103]

    Shindell, D. T., G. S. Faluvegi, A. A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, R. A. Ruedy, and E. Aguilar. 2006. "Role of tropospheric ozone increases in 20th-century climate change." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D8): D08302 [10.1029/2005JD006348]

    Santer, B. D., T. M. Wigley, C. Mears, et al. F. J. Wentz, S. A. Klein, D. J. Seidel, K. E. Taylor, P. W. Thorne, M. F. Wehner, P. J. Gleckler, J. S. Boyle, W. D. Collins, K. W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, M. Free, Q. Fu, J. E. Hansen, G. S. Jones, R. Ruedy, T. R. Karl, J. R. Lanzante, G. A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, G. Russell, and G. A. Schmidt. 2005. "Amplification of Surface Temperature Trends and Variability in the Tropical Atmosphere." Science 309 (5740): 1551-1556 [10.1126/science.1114867]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. A. Ruedy, et al. L. S. Nazarenko, A. A. Lacis, G. A. Schmidt, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. P. Bauer, S. E. Bauer, N. Bell, B. Cairns, V. M. Canuto, M. A. Chandler, Y.-B. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. S. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. M. Hall, C. Jackman, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K.-W. Lo, S. Menon, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, D. T. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, N. L. Tausnev, D. Thresher, B. Wielicki, T. Wong, M.-S. Yao, and S. Zhang. 2005. "Efficacy of climate forcings." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D18): D18104 [10.1029/2005JD005776]

    Hansen, J., L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, et al. I. Sato, J. Willis, A. Del Genio, D. Koch, A. Lacis, K. Lo, S. Menon, T. Novakov, U. Perlwitz, G. Russell, G. A. Schmidt, and N. Tausnev. 2005. "Earth's Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications." Science 308 (5727): 1431-1435 [10.1126/science.1110252]

    Oman, L., A. Robock, G. Stenchikov, G. A. Schmidt, and R. A. Ruedy. 2005. "Climatic response to high-latitude volcanic eruptions." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D13): D13103 [10.1029/2004JD005487]

    Sato, I., J. Hansen, D. Koch, et al. A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, O. Dubovik, B. Holben, M. Chin, and T. Novakov. 2003. "Global atmospheric black carbon inferred from AERONET." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (11): 6319-6324 [10.1073/pnas.0731897100]

    Santer, B. D., R. Sausen, T. M. Wigley, et al. J. S. Boyle, K. AchutaRao, C. Doutriaux, J. E. Hansen, G. A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, R. Ruedy, G. Schmidt, and K. E. Taylor. 2003. "Behavior of tropopause height and atmospheric temperature in models, reanalyses, and observations: Decadal changes." J Geophys Res 108 (D1): 4002 [10.1029/2002JD002258]

    Robinson, W. A., R. Ruedy, and J. E. Hansen. 2002. "General circulation model simulations of recent cooling in the east-central United States." J. Geophys. Res. 107 (D24): 4748 [10.1029/2001JD001577]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, I. Sato, and K. Lo. 2002. "Global warming continues." Science 295 (5553): 275 [10.1126/science.295.5553.275c]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, L. Nazarenko, et al. R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy. 2002. "Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. 107 (D18): 4347 [10.1029/2001JD001143]

    Nazarenko, L., J. Hansen, N. Tausnev, and R. Ruedy. 2001. "Response of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model." Annals of Glaciology 33 (1): 513-520 [10.3189/172756401781818897]

    Hansen, J. E., R. Ruedy, I. Sato, et al. M. Imhoff, W. Lawrence, D. Easterling, T. Peterson, and T. Karl. 2001. "A closer look at United States and global surface temperature change." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D20): 23,947-23,963 [10.1029/2001JD000354]

    Russell, G. L., J. R. Miller, D. Rind, et al. R. A. Ruedy, G. A. Schmidt, and S. Sheth. 2000. "Comparison of model and observed regional temperature changes during the past 40 years." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D11): 14891-14898 [10.1029/2000JD900156]

    Hansen, J., I. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2000. "Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (18): 9875-9880 [10.1073/pnas.170278997]

    Hansen, J. E., R. A. Ruedy, J. Glascoe, and M. Sato. 1999. "GISS analysis of surface temperature change." J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D24): 30997-31022 [10.1029/1999JD900835]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, and J. Glascoe. 1998. "GLOBAL WARMING:Global Climate Data and Models: A Reconciliation." Science 281 (5379): 930-932 [10.1126/science.281.5379.930]

    Hansen, J. E., M. Sato, J. Glascoe, and R. A. Ruedy. 1998. "A common sense climate index: Is climate changing noticeably?" Proc Natl Acad Sci 95 (8): 4113-4120 [Full Text (Link)]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, et al. R. Ruedy, I. Tegen, and E. Matthews. 1998. "Perspective: Climate forcings in the industrial era." Proc Natl Acad Sci 95 12753-12758

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, et al. G. Russell, M. Sato, J. Lerner, D. Rind, and P. Stone. 1997. "Wonderland climate model." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D6): 6823-6830 [10.1029/96JD03435]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, A. Lacis, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "The missing climate forcing." Phil Trans Royal Soc London B 352 231-240

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1997. "Radiative forcing and climate response." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D6): 6831-6864 [10.1029/96JD03436]

    O'Connell, S., M. A. Chandler, and R. Ruedy. 1996. "Implications for the creation of warm saline deep water: Late Paleocene reconstructions and global climte model simulations." Geol Soc Amer Bull 100 270-284

    Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and R. Reynolds. 1996. "Global surface air temperature in 1995: Return to pre-Pinatubo level." Geophysical Research Letters 23 (13): 1665-1668 [10.1029/96GL01040]

    Hansen, J., H. Wilson, M. Sato, et al. R. Ruedy, K. Shah, and E. Hansen. 1995. "Satellite and surface temperature data at odds?" Climatic Change 30 (1): 103-117 [10.1007/BF01093228]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1995. "Long-term changes of the diurnal temperature cycle: implications about mechanisms of global climate change." Atmospheric Research 37 (1-3): 175-209 [10.1016/0169-8095(94)00077-Q]

    Pollack, J. B., D. Rind, A. Lacis, et al. J. E. Hansen, M. Sato, and R. Ruedy. 1993. "GCM simulations of volcanic aerosol forcing. Part I: Climate changes induced by steady-state perturbations." J Climate 6 1719-1742

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and H. Wilson. 1993. "How sensitive is the world's climate?" Natl Geog Soc Res Exploration 9 142-158

    Hansen, J., A. Lacis, R. Ruedy, and M. Sato. 1992. "Potential climate impact of Mount Pinatubo eruption." Geophys Res Lett 19 (2): 215-218 [10.1029/91GL02788]

    Chandler, M. A., D. Rind, and R. Ruedy. 1992. "Pangaean climate during the Early Jurassic: GCM simulations and the sedimentary record of paleoclimate:." Geol Soc Amer Bull 104 543-559

    Barnett, T. P., A. D. Del Genio, and R. A. Ruedy. 1992. "Unforced decadal fluctuations in a coupled model of the atmosphere and ocean mixed layer." J Geophys Res 97 (C5): 7341-7354 [10.1029/92JC00501]

    Del Genio, A. D., A. A. Lacis, and R. A. Ruedy. 1991. "Simulations of the effect of a warmer climate on atmospheric humidity." Nature 351 (6325): 382-385 [10.1038/351382a0]

    Hansen, J., I. Fung, A. Lacis, et al. D. Rind, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, G. Russell, and P. Stone. 1988. "Global climate changes as forecast by Goddard Institute for Space Studies three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res. 93 (D8): 9341-9364 [10.1029/JD093iD08p09341]

    Hansen, J., G. L. Russell, D. H. Rind, et al. P. Stone, A. A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. A. Ruedy, and L. D. Travis. 1983. "Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II." M. Weather Rev. 111 (4): 609-662 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<0609:ETDGMF>2.0.CO;2]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration