Peter M Norris

No photo available

Peter M Norris

  • RESEARCH SCIENTIST
  • 301.614.6252
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.1
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: UNIVERSITIES SPACE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Peter M. Norris received a BS and MS from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, in 1986 and 1989, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography in 1996 from Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), University of California, San Diego, where his major research interest was numerical modeling of the stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer. He continued this research in 1996 as a Research Oceanographer in the Marine Meteorology Research Group at SIO, and then in 1997-1998 took up a New Zealand Science and Technology Postdoctoral Fellowship at the National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research in New Zealand, where he worked on marine boundary-layer modeling. In 1999 he joined the GSFC Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Science (CESDIS) as a Staff Scientist working on cloud parameterization behavior in a high-resolution global belt version of NCEP's Eta model. In 2000 he joined UMBC/GEST as an Assistant Research Scientist, working at the NASA Data Assimilation Office (DAO), now the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), on cloud modeling and assimilation. In May 2011, he joined Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research (GESTAR). He has also participated in numerous atmospheric field experiments, including the FIRE Cirrus II, Kansas, 1991, FIRE ASTEX, Azores, 1992, and TOGA-COARE, Solomon Islands, 1993, taking roles in data collection, aircraft flight direction, and data analysis. Dr. Norris' research has focused on methods to improve cloud properties in numerical weather prediction and global climate models, and in particular GMAO's GEOS-5 system. This includes improved cloud parameterizations, using subcolumn statistical approaches (see Norris et al., 2008, QJRMS, v. 134, Oreopoulos & Norris, 2011, ACP, v. 11, and Wind et al., 2016, GMD, v. 9), and cloud data assimilation of high-resolution satellite cloud data via Bayesian cloud parameter estimation (see Norris and da Silva, 2016, QJRMS, v. 142, Parts 1 & 2). Dr. Norris' current research focuses on advanced radiative transfer methods for GCMs, including proper treatment of cloud subgrid-scale variability.

    Research Interests

    Radiative transfer in global climate models, cloud parameterization (esp. statistical subgrid-scale parameterizations), cloud microphysics, cloud data assimilation, statistical/stochastic methods

    Positions/Employment

    10/2018 - Present

    Sr. Scientist, Earth Sciences

    Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research (GESTAR), University Space Research Association (USRA), Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 610.1, Greenbelt, MD 20771
    2011 - 9/2018

    Scientist III

    Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research (GESTAR), University Space Research Association (USRA), Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 610.1, Greenbelt, MD 20771
    2000 - 2011

    Assistant Research Scientist

    Goddard Earth Science and Technology Center (GEST), University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 610.1, Greenbelt, MD 20771
    1999 - 2000

    Staff Scientist

    Center of Excellence in Space Data and Information Science (CESDIS), University Space Research Association (USRA), Earth and Space Data Computing Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 930, Greenbelt, MD 20771
    1997 - 1999

    New Zealand Foundation for Research, Sci. and Tech. Postdoctoral Fellow

    National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington, New Zealand
    1996 - 1997

    Post-Graduate Research Oceanographer

    Marine Meteorology Research Group, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA

    Education

    1996, Ph.D., Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Dissertation: Radiatively driven convection in marine stratocumulus clouds.
    1989, M.Sc., Physics (1st Class Honors), University of Auckland, New Zealand
    1986, B.Sc., Physics, University of Auckland, New Zealand

    Awards

    GMAO Outstanding Performance Award, for implementation of the COSP simulators to support the GEOS-5 submission to CFMIP, January 2012.

    Other Professional Information

    H-index: 10 as of 11/7/2016

    Total Publications: 21

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Wind, G., A. M. da Silva, P. M. Norris, et al. S. Platnick, S. Mattoo, and R. C. Levy. 2016. "Multi-sensor cloud and aerosol retrieval simulator and remote sensing from model parameters – Part 2: Aerosols." Geosci. Model Dev., 9 (7): 2377-2389 [10.5194/gmd-9-2377-2016]

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2016. "Monte Carlo Bayesian inference on a statistical model of sub-gridcolumn moisture variability using high-resolution cloud observations. Part 2: Sensitivity tests and results." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142 (699): 2528-2540 [10.1002/qj.2844]

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2016. "Monte Carlo Bayesian inference on a statistical model of sub-gridcolumn moisture variability using high-resolution cloud observations. Part 1: Method." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 142 (699): 2505-2527 [10.1002/qj.2843]

    Tao, W.-K., S. E. Lang, X. Zeng, et al. X. Li, T. Matsui, K. I. Mohr, D. Posselt, J.-D. Chern, C. D. Peters-Lidard, P. M. Norris, I.-S. Kang, I. Choi, A. Hou, W. K. Lau, and Y.-M. Yang. 2014. "The Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model (GCE): Improvements and Applications for Studying Precipitation Processes." Atmospheric Research, 143: 392-424 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.03.005]

    Wind, G., A. M. Da Silva, P. M. Norris, and S. E. Platnick. 2013. "Multi-sensor cloud retrieval simulator and remote sensing from model parameters – Part 1: Synthetic sensor radiance formulation." Geosci. Model Dev., 6 (6): 2049-2062 [10.5194/gmd-6-2049-2013]

    Oreopoulos, L., and P. Norris. 2011. "An analysis of cloud overlap at a midlatitude atmospheric observation facility." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (12): 5557-5567 [10.5194/acp-11-5557-2011]

    Norris, P. M., L. Oreopoulos, A. Y. Hou, W. K. Tao, and X. Zeng. 2008. "Representation of 3D heterogeneous cloud fields using copulas: Theory for water clouds." Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 1843-1864: 10.1002/qj.321.

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2007. "Assimilation of Satellite Cloud Data into the GMAO Finite-Volume Data Assimilation System Using a Parameter Estimation Method. Part I: Motivation and Algorithm Description." J. Atmos. Sci., 64 (11): 3880-3895 [10.1175/2006JAS2046.1]

    Rogers, D. P., X. Yang, P. M. Norris, et al. D. W. Johnson, G. M. Martin, C. A. Friehe, and B. W. Berger. 1995. "Diurnal evolution of the cloud-topped marine boundary layer. Part I: Nocturnal stratocumulus development." J. Atmos. Sci., 52 (16): 2953--2966.

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, E. Keup, A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, J. F. Mahfouf, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1994. "Analysis of snow feedbacks in 14 general circulation models." J Geophys Res, 99 (D10): 20,757-20,771 [10.1029/94JD01633]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, M. H. Zhang, et al. J. P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, D. Jerrett, E. Keup, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. M. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai. 1991. "Interpretation of Snow-Climate Feedback as Produced by 17 General Circulation Models." Science, 253 (5022): 888-892 [10.1126/science.253.5022.888]

    Non-Refereed

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10): 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Peter M. Norris received a BS and MS from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, in 1986 and 1989, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography in 1996 from Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), University of California, San Diego, where his major research interest was numerical modeling of the stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer. He continued this research in 1996 as a Research Oceanographer in the Marine Meteorology Research Group at SIO, and then in 1997-1998 took up a New Zealand Science and Technology Postdoctoral Fellowship at the National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research in New Zealand, where he worked on marine boundary-layer modeling. In 1999 he joined the GSFC Center for Excellence in Space Data and Information Science (CESDIS) as a Staff Scientist working on cloud parameterization behavior in a high-resolution global belt version of NCEP's Eta model. In 2000 he joined UMBC/GEST as an Assistant Research Scientist, working at the NASA Data Assimilation Office (DAO), now the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), on cloud modeling and assimilation. In May 2011, he joined Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research (GESTAR). He has also participated in numerous atmospheric field experiments, including the FIRE Cirrus II, Kansas, 1991, FIRE ASTEX, Azores, 1992, and TOGA-COARE, Solomon Islands, 1993, taking roles in data collection, aircraft flight direction, and data analysis. Dr. Norris' research has focused on methods to improve cloud properties in numerical weather prediction and global climate models, and in particular GMAO's GEOS-5 system. This includes improved cloud parameterizations, using subcolumn statistical approaches (see Norris et al., 2008, QJRMS, v. 134, Oreopoulos & Norris, 2011, ACP, v. 11, and Wind et al., 2016, GMD, v. 9), and cloud data assimilation of high-resolution satellite cloud data via Bayesian cloud parameter estimation (see Norris and da Silva, 2016, QJRMS, v. 142, Parts 1 & 2). Dr. Norris' current research focuses on advanced radiative transfer methods for GCMs, including proper treatment of cloud subgrid-scale variability.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Wind, G., A. M. da Silva, P. M. Norris, et al. S. Platnick, S. Mattoo, and R. C. Levy. 2016. "Multi-sensor cloud and aerosol retrieval simulator and remote sensing from model parameters – Part 2: Aerosols." Geosci. Model Dev. 9 (7): 2377-2389 [10.5194/gmd-9-2377-2016]

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2016. "Monte Carlo Bayesian inference on a statistical model of sub-gridcolumn moisture variability using high-resolution cloud observations. Part 2: Sensitivity tests and results." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 142 (699): 2528-2540 [10.1002/qj.2844]

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2016. "Monte Carlo Bayesian inference on a statistical model of sub-gridcolumn moisture variability using high-resolution cloud observations. Part 1: Method." Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc. 142 (699): 2505-2527 [10.1002/qj.2843]

    Tao, W.-K., S. E. Lang, X. Zeng, et al. X. Li, T. Matsui, K. I. Mohr, D. Posselt, J.-D. Chern, C. D. Peters-Lidard, P. M. Norris, I.-S. Kang, I. Choi, A. Hou, W. K. Lau, and Y.-M. Yang. 2014. "The Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model (GCE): Improvements and Applications for Studying Precipitation Processes." Atmospheric Research 143 392-424 [10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.03.005]

    Wind, G., A. M. Da Silva, P. M. Norris, and S. E. Platnick. 2013. "Multi-sensor cloud retrieval simulator and remote sensing from model parameters – Part 1: Synthetic sensor radiance formulation." Geosci. Model Dev. 6 (6): 2049-2062 [10.5194/gmd-6-2049-2013]

    Oreopoulos, L., and P. Norris. 2011. "An analysis of cloud overlap at a midlatitude atmospheric observation facility." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (12): 5557-5567 [10.5194/acp-11-5557-2011]

    Norris, P. M., L. Oreopoulos, A. Y. Hou, W. K. Tao, and X. Zeng. 2008. "Representation of 3D heterogeneous cloud fields using copulas: Theory for water clouds." Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 1843-1864 10.1002/qj.321

    Norris, P. M., and A. M. da Silva. 2007. "Assimilation of Satellite Cloud Data into the GMAO Finite-Volume Data Assimilation System Using a Parameter Estimation Method. Part I: Motivation and Algorithm Description." J. Atmos. Sci. 64 (11): 3880-3895 [10.1175/2006JAS2046.1]

    Rogers, D. P., X. Yang, P. M. Norris, et al. D. W. Johnson, G. M. Martin, C. A. Friehe, and B. W. Berger. 1995. "Diurnal evolution of the cloud-topped marine boundary layer. Part I: Nocturnal stratocumulus development." J. Atmos. Sci. 52 (16): 2953--2966

    Randall, D. A., R. D. Cess, J. P. Blanchet, et al. S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, E. Keup, A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, B. J. McAvaney, J. F. Mahfouf, V. P. Meleshko, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, G. L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, R. T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M. H. Zhang. 1994. "Analysis of snow feedbacks in 14 general circulation models." J Geophys Res 99 (D10): 20,757-20,771 [10.1029/94JD01633]

    Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, M. H. Zhang, et al. J. P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D. A. Dazlich, A. D. Del Genio, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, D. Jerrett, E. Keup, A. A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X. Z. Liang, J. F. Mahfouf, B. J. McAvaney, V. P. Meleshko, J. F. Mitchell, J. J. Morcrette, P. M. Norris, D. A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J. F. Royer, U. Schlese, D. A. Sheinin, J. M. Slingo, A. P. Sokolov, K. E. Taylor, W. M. Washington, R. T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai. 1991. "Interpretation of Snow-Climate Feedback as Produced by 17 General Circulation Models." Science 253 (5022): 888-892 [10.1126/science.253.5022.888]

    Non-Refereed

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10) 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration