Dr. Michael A Disanti

Dr. Michael A Disanti

  • (AST, PLANETARY STUDIES)
  • 301.286.7036
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    I am a Staff Scientist in the Solar System Exploration Division at the NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center.  My research emphasizes using molecular spectroscopy to measure the abundances of sublimed ices in comets.  An evolving taxonomy based on the composition of ices currently contains over 40 comets.

    Research Interests

    Composition of Ices in Comets

    Use high-resolution spectroscopy in the 2.8-5.2 micron wavelength region to establish production rates and relative abundances for up to 10 molecular species that are housed as ices in the nuclei of comets.  Long-slit spectra are obtained using state-of-the-art spectrographs at the NASA-IRTF and Keck Observatories.  As of late 2019, our taxonomic database includes more than 40 comets, both from the Oort cloud and scattered Kuiper belt dynamical reservoirs of comets.

    Positions/Employment

    10/2002 - Present

    Astrophysicst (Staff Research Scientist)

    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center

    Conducts basic research on ices in comets.

    Supports missions to comets, through ground-based observations.

    Supports Agency Goals

    Education

    1989 Ph.D., Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721.
    Thesis title: "The production and spatial distribution of neutral and ionized water vapor in comet P/ Halley."
    1980 M.S., Physics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131.
    1978 B.S., Astrophysics, University of New Mexico;
    B.A., Chemistry, University of New Mexico.

    Professional Societies

    Division for Planetary Sciences, American Astronomical Society, 1986 - Present
    NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG), 2009 - 2018
    Member
    NASA Small Bodies Assessment Group (SBAG), 2018 - Present
    SBAG Steering Committee"Comet Expert"

    Professional Service

    Participation in NASA Peer Review panels for ROSES proposals

    Review of manuscripts submitted for publication in professional journals

    Participation in "Red Team" reviews for both ROSES and mission proposals

    Awards

    2009 - Peer Award, Solar System Exploration Division, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center

    Grants

    11/01/2019 - 10/31/2022 Research Opportunities for Space and Earth Science (ROSES), NASA Planetary Science Division (PSD), NASA NRA #: SolarSystemWorkings

    "Establishing [O I] Observations as a Proxy for CO2 Production in Comets"

    ; CoInvestigator ; 0.3 FTE
    07/01/2019 - 06/30/2022 PICASSO, NASA PSD

    Photonic Integrated Circuit TUned for Reconnaissance and Exploration (PICTURE)

    ; Co-Investigator ; 0.24 FTE
    01/01/2019 - 12/31/2021 ROSES, NASA PSD, NASA NRA #: Solar System Obs

    Infrared Spectroscopy of Cometary Parent Volatiles: Ties to Formative Conditions

    ; PI ; 1.05 FTE
    Grant Amount: $350K

    Publications

    Refereed

    Roth, N. X., E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. DiSanti, N. D. Russo, A. J. McKay, R. J. Vervack, H. Kawakita, M. Saki, N. Biver, D. Bockelée-Morvan, L. M. Feaga, N. Fougere, A. L. Cochran, M. Combi, and Y. Shou. 2020. "Probing the Evolutionary History of Comets: An Investigation of the Hypervolatiles CO, CH4, and C2H6 in the Jupiter-family Comet 21P/Giacobini–Zinner." The Astronomical Journal, 159 (2): 42 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab536b]

    McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, N. Dello Russo, and M. DiSanti. 2020. "Detection of a Water Tracer in Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov." The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 889 (1): L10 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab64ed]

    Dello Russo, N., H. Kawakita, B. P. Bonev, et al. R. J. Vervack, E. L. Gibb, Y. Shinnaka, N. X. Roth, M. A. DiSanti, and A. J. McKay. 2020. "Post-perihelion volatile production and release from Jupiter-family comet 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdušáková." Icarus, 335 (1): 113411 [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113411]

    McKay, A. J., M. A. DiSanti, M. S. Kelley, et al. M. M. Knight, M. Womack, K. Wierzchos, O. H. Pinto, B. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, N. D. Russo, A. L. Cochran, N. Biver, J. Bauer, R. J. Vervack, E. Gibb, N. Roth, and H. Kawakita. 2019. "The Peculiar Volatile Composition of CO-dominated Comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS)." The Astronomical Journal, 158 (3): 128 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab32e4]

    Biver, N., D. Bockelée-Morvan, G. Paubert, et al. R. Moreno, J. Crovisier, J. Boissier, E. Bertrand, H. Boussier, F. Kugel, A. McKay, N. Dello Russo, and M. A. DiSanti. 2018. "The extraordinary composition of the blue comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS)." Astronomy & Astrophysics, 619: A127 [10.1051/0004-6361/201833449]

    McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, H. Weaver, R. J. Vervack, W. M. Harris, and H. Kawakita. 2018. "Evolution of H2O production in comet C/2012 S1 (ISON) as inferred from forbidden oxygen and OH emission." Icarus, 309: 1-12 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.02.024]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, E. L. Gibb, et al. L. Paganini, G. L. Villanueva, M. J. Mumma, J. V. Keane, G. A. Blake, N. D. Russo, K. J. Meech, R. J. Vervack, and A. J. McKay. 2016. "En Route To Destruction: The Evolution in Composition of Ices in Comet D/2012 S1 (ISON) Between 1.2 and 0.34 Au from the Sun as Revealed at Infrared Wavelengths." The Astrophysical Journal, 820 (1): 34 [10.3847/0004-637x/820/1/34]

    Gicquel, A., S. N. Milam, I. M. Coulson, et al. G. L. Villanueva, M. A. Cordiner, S. B. Charnley, M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and S. Szutowicz. 2015. "THE EVOLUTION OF VOLATILE PRODUCTION IN COMET C/2009 P1 (GARRADD) DURING ITS 2011–2012 APPARITION." The Astrophysical Journal, 807 (1): 19 [10.1088/0004-637x/807/1/19]

    Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, and M. J. Mumma. 2013. "Solar fluorescence model of CH3D as applied to comet emission." Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, 291: 118-124 [10.1016/j.jms.2013.05.007]

    Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, M. F. A’Hearn, and N. Dello Russo. 2013. "High-resolution infrared spectroscopic measurements of Comet 2P/Encke: Unusual organic composition and low rotational temperatures." Icarus, 223 (1): 298-307 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.11.023]

    Lippi, M., G. L. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, et al. H. Böhnhardt, M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, and D. Prialnik. 2013. "A new model for theν1vibrational band of HCN in cometary comae, with application to three comets." Astronomy & Astrophysics, 551: A51 [10.1051/0004-6361/201219903]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, and M. J. Mumma. 2012. "HIGHLY DEPLETED ETHANE AND MILDLY DEPLETED METHANOL IN COMET 21P/GIACOBINI-ZINNER: APPLICATION OF A NEW EMPIRICAL ν2-BAND MODEL FOR CH3OH NEAR 50 K." The Astrophysical Journal, 763 (1): 1 [10.1088/0004-637x/763/1/1]

    Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, E. Sudholt, and Y. Radeva. 2012. "CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMET C/2007 N3 (LULIN): ANOTHER ‘‘ATYPICAL’’ COMET." The Astrophysical Journal, 750 (2): 102 [10.1088/0004-637x/750/2/102]

    Villanueva, G. L., M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and L.-H. Xu. 2012. "A QUANTUM BAND MODEL OF THE ν3FUNDAMENTAL OF METHANOL (CH3OH) AND ITS APPLICATION TO FLUORESCENCE SPECTRA OF COMETS." The Astrophysical Journal, 747 (1): 37 [10.1088/0004-637x/747/1/37]

    Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, B. Bonev, et al. R. Novak, R. Barber, and M. DiSanti. 2012. "Water in planetary and cometary atmospheres: H2O/HDO transmittance and fluorescence models." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 113 (3): 202-220 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.11.001]

    Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, M. DiSanti, et al. B. Bonev, E. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Blake, and C. Salyk. 2011. "The molecular composition of Comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini): Evidence of a peculiar outgassing and a rich chemistry." Icarus, 216 (1): 227-240 [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.08.024]

    Heldmann, J. L., A. Colaprete, D. H. Wooden, et al. R. F. Ackermann, D. D. Acton, P. R. Backus, V. Bailey, J. G. Ball, W. C. Barott, S. K. Blair, M. W. Buie, S. Callahan, N. J. Chanover, Y. Choi, A. Conrad, D. M. Coulson, K. B. Crawford, R. Dehart, I. de Pater, M. Disanti, J. R. Forster, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, T. Geballe, J. D. Gibson, D. Goldstein, S. A. Gregory, D. J. Gutierrez, R. T. Hamilton, T. Hamura, D. E. Harker, G. R. Harp, J. Haruyama, M. Hastie, Y. Hayano, P. Hinz, P. K. Hong, S. P. James, T. Kadono, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, D. L. Kim, K. Kurosawa, D. Lee, M. Long, P. G. Lucey, K. Marach, A. C. Matulonis, R. M. McDermid, R. McMillan, C. Miller, H. Moon, R. Nakamura, H. Noda, N. Okamura, L. Ong, D. Porter, J. J. Puschell, J. T. Rayner, J. J. Rembold, K. C. Roth, R. J. Rudy, R. W. Russell, E. V. Ryan, W. H. Ryan, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Sekine, M. A. Skinner, M. S™ma, A. W. Stephens, A. Storrs, R. M. Suggs, S. Sugita, E. Sung, N. Takatoh, J. C. Tarter, S. M. Taylor, H. Terada, C. J. Trujillo, V. Vaitheeswaran, F. Vilas, B. D. Walls, J. Watanabe, W. J. Welch, C. E. Woodward, H. Yim, and E. F. Young. 2011. "LCROSS (Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite) Observation Campaign: Strategies, Implementation, and Lessons Learned." Space Sci Rev, 167 (1-4): 93-140 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s11214-011-9759-y]

    Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. Disanti, G. L. Villanueva, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and H. A. Weaver. 2010. "The organic composition of Comet C/2000 WM1 (LINEAR) revealed through infrared spectroscopy." Icarus, 206: 764 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.09.014]

    Mumma, M. J., G. L. Villanueva, R. E. Novak, et al. T. Hewagama, B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, A. M. Mandell, and M. D. Smith. 2009. "Strong Release of Methane on Mars in Northern Summer 2003." Science, 323: 1041 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1165243]

    Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, S. N. Milam, et al. L. N. Zack, B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, L. M. Ziurys, and W. M. Anderson. 2009. "A multi-wavelength study of parent volatile abundances in Comet C/2006 M4 (SWAN)." Icarus, 203: 589 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.05.026]

    Magee-Sauer, K., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. "The organic composition of Comet C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) I Evidence for an unusual organic chemistry." Icarus, 194: 347 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.10.006]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, Y. L. Radeva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, E. L. Gibb, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. "The Peculiar Volatile Composition of Comet 8P/Tuttle: A Contact Binary of Chemically Distinct Cometesimals?" The Astrophysical Journal, 680: L61 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/589649]

    Disanti, M. A., and M. J. Mumma. 2008. "Reservoirs for Comets: Compositional Differences Based on Infrared Observations." Space Science Reviews, 138: 127 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s11214-008-9361-0]

    Böhnhardt, H., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, B. P. Bonev, M. Lippi, and H. U. Käufl. 2008. "The Unusual Volatile Composition of the Halley-Type Comet 8P/Tuttle: Addressing the Existence of an Inner Oort Cloud." The Astrophysical Journal, 683: L71 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/591446]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. Disanti, R. S. Ellis, K. Magee-Sauer, and N. Dello Russo. 2007. "A Search for Variation in the H2O Ortho-Para Ratio and Rotational Temperature in the Inner Coma of Comet C/2004 Q2 (Machholz)." The Astrophysical Journal, 661: L97 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518419]

    Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, B. P. Bonev, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, J. E. Lyke, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "Temporal evolution of parent volatiles and dust in Comet 9P/Tempel 1 resulting from the Deep Impact experiment." Icarus, 191: 481 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.10.042]

    Gibb, E. L., M. A. Disanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. Dello Russo, B. P. Bonev, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "The organic composition of C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) II Search for heterogeneity within a comet nucleus." Icarus, 188: 224 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.009]

    DiSanti, M. A., W. M. Anderson, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "Depleted Carbon Monoxide in Fragment C of the Jupiter-Family Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3." The Astrophysical Journal, 661: L101 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518716]

    Dello Russo, N., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, I. S. McLean, and L. Xu. 2006. "A high-resolution infrared spectral survey of Comet C/1999 H1 Lee." Icarus, 184: 255 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.04.020]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. D. Russo, M. J. Mumma, D. C. Reuter, and G. L. Villanueva. 2006. "Detection of Formaldehyde Emission in Comet C/2002 T7 (LINEAR) at Infrared Wavelengths: Line-by-Line Validation of Modeled Fluorescent Intensities." The Astrophysical Journal, 650: 470 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/507118]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, R. S. Ellis, and D. P. Stark. 2006. "A Comprehensive Study of Infrared OH Prompt Emission in Two Comets I Observations and Effective g-Factors." The Astrophysical Journal, 653: 774 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/508452]

    Villanueva, G. L., B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, M. A. DiSanti, C. Salyk, and G. A. Blake. 2006. "The Volatile Composition of the Split Ecliptic comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3: A Comparison of Fragments C and B." The Astrophysical Journal, 650: L87 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/508806]

    Dello Russo, N., B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, et al. M. J. Mumma, E. L. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, R. J. Barber, and J. Tennyson. 2005. "Water Production Rates, Rotational Temperatures, and Spin Temperatures in Comets C/1999 H1 (Lee), C/1999 S4, and C/2001 A2." The Astrophysical Journal, 621: 537 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/427473]

    Meech, K. J., N. Ageorges, M. F. A'Hearn, et al. C. Arpigny, A. Ates, J. Aycock, S. Bagnulo, J. Bailey, R. Barber, L. Barrera, R. Barrena, J. M. Bauer, M. J. Belton, F. Bensch, B. Bhattacharya, N. Biver, G. Blake, D. Bockelée-Morvan, H. Boehnhardt, B. P. Bonev, T. Bonev, M. W. Buie, M. G. Burton, H. M. Butner, R. Cabanac, R. Campbell, H. Campins, M. T. Capria, T. Carroll, F. Chaffee, S. B. Charnley, R. Cleis, A. Coates, A. Cochran, P. Colom, A. Conrad, I. M. Coulson, J. Crovisier, J. deBuizer, R. Dekany, J. de Léon, N. Dello Russo, A. Delsanti, M. DiSanti, J. Drummond, L. Dundon, P. B. Etzel, T. L. Farnham, P. Feldman, Y. R. Fernández, M. D. Filipovic, S. Fisher, A. Fitzsimmons, D. Fong, R. Fugate, H. Fujiwara, T. Fujiyoshi, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, E. Gibb, O. Groussin, S. Gulkis, M. Gurwell, E. Hadamcik, O. Hainaut, D. Harker, D. Harrington, M. Harwit, S. Hasegawa, C. W. Hergenrother, P. Hirst, K. Hodapp, M. Honda, E. S. Howell, D. Hutsemékers, D. Iono, W. Ip, W. Jackson, E. Jehin, Z. J. Jiang, G. H. Jones, P. A. Jones, T. Kadono, U. W. Kamath, H. U. Käufl, T. Kasuga, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, F. Kerber, M. Kidger, D. Kinoshita, M. Knight, L. Lara, S. M. Larson, S. Lederer, C. Lee, A. C. Levasseur-Regourd, J. Y. Li, Q. Li, J. Licandro, Z. Lin, C. M. Lisse, G. LoCurto, A. J. Lovell, S. C. Lowry, J. Lyke, D. Lynch, J. Ma, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Maheswar, J. Manfroid, O. Marco, P. Martin, G. Melnick, S. Miller, T. Miyata, G. H. Moriarty-Schieven, N. Moskovitz, B. E. Mueller, M. J. Mumma, S. Muneer, D. A. Neufeld, T. Ootsubo, D. Osip, S. K. Pandea, E. Pantin, R. Paterno-Mahler, B. Patten, B. E. Penprase, A. Peck, G. Petitpas, N. Pinilla-Alonso, J. Pittichova, E. Pompei, T. P. Prabhu, C. Qi, R. Rao, H. Rauer, H. Reitsema, S. D. Rodgers, P. Rodriguez, R. Ruane, G. Ruch, W. Rujopakarn, D. K. Sahu, S. Sako, I. Sakon, N. Samarasinha, J. M. Sarkissian, I. Saviane, M. Schirmer, P. Schultz, R. Schulz, P. Seitzer, T. Sekiguchi, F. Selman, M. Serra-Ricart, R. Sharp, R. L. Snell, C. Snodgrass, T. Stallard, G. Stecklein, C. Sterken, J. A. Stüwe, S. Sugita, M. Sumner, N. Suntzeff, R. Swaters, S. Takakuwa, N. Takato, J. Thomas-Osip, E. Thompson, A. T. Tokunaga, G. P. Tozzi, H. Tran, M. Troy, C. Trujillo, J. Van Cleve, R. Vasundhara, R. Vazquez, F. Vilas, G. Villanueva, K. von Braun, P. Vora, R. J. Wainscoat, K. Walsh, J. Watanabe, H. A. Weaver, W. Weaver, M. Weiler, P. R. Weissman, W. F. Welsh, D. Wilner, S. Wolk, M. Womack, D. Wooden, L. M. Woodney, C. Woodward, Z. Wu, J. Wu, T. Yamashita, B. Yang, Y. Yang, S. Yokogawa, A. C. Zook, A. Zauderer, X. Zhao, X. Zhou, and J. Zucconi. 2005. "Deep Impact: Observations from a Worldwide Earth-Based Campaign." Science, 310: 265 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1118978]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. DiSanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. B. P. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, H. Kawakita, N. Dello Russo, E. L. Gibb, G. A. Blake, J. E. Lyke, R. D. Campbell, J. Aycock, A. Conrad, and G. M. Hill. 2005. "Parent Volatiles in Comet 9P/Tempel 1: Before and After Impact." Science, 310: 270 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1119337]

    Kochte, M., A. B. Schultz, D. Fraquelli, et al. I. J. Jordan, R. G. Lyon, K. G. Carpenter, H. M. Hart, M. Disanti, F. Bruhweiler, C. Miskey, M. Rodrigue, M. S. Fadali, D. Skelton, and K. Cheng. 2004. "Imaging Terrestrial Planets." THE SEARCH FOR OTHER WORLDS: Fourteenth Astrophysics Conference AIP Conference Proceedings, 713: 223 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1063/1.1774528]

    dello Russo, N., M. A. Disanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. E. L. Gibb, M. J. Mumma, R. J. Barber, and J. Tennyson. 2004. "Water production and release in Comet 153P/Ikeya-Zhang (C/2002 C1): accurate rotational temperature retrievals from hot-band lines near 29-μm." Icarus, 168: 186 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2003.11.004]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, N. Dello Russo, et al. E. L. Gibb, M. A. DiSanti, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2004. "Infrared OH Prompt Emission as a Proxy of Water Production in Comets: Quantitative Analysis of the Multiplet Near 3046 cm-1 in Comets C/1999 H1 (Lee) and C/2001 A2 (LINEAR)." The Astrophysical Journal, 615: 1048 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/424587]

    Schultz, A. B., R. G. Lyon, M. Kochte, et al. D. A. Fraquelli, F. Bruhweiler, I. J. Jordan, K. G. Carpenter, M. A. DiSanti, C. Miskey, M. Rodrigue, M. S. Fadali, D. Skelton, H. M. Hart, and K. Cheng. 2003. "Imaging terrestrial planets with a free-flying occulter and space telescope: an optical simulation." Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets Edited by Coulter, Daniel R Proceedings of the SPIE, 5170: 262 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1117/12.506192]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. Disanti, N. dello Russo, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, E. Gibb, and R. Novak. 2003. "Remote infrared observations of parent volatiles in comets: A window on the early solar system." Advances in Space Research, 31: 2563 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0273-1177(03)00578-7]

    Gibb, E. L., M. J. Mumma, N. dello Russo, M. A. Disanti, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2003. "Methane in Oort cloud comets." Icarus, 165: 391 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0019-1035(03)00201-X]

    Mumma, M. J., I. S. McLean, M. A. DiSanti, et al. J. E. Larkin, N. D. Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, E. E. Becklin, T. Bida, F. Chaffee, A. R. Conrad, D. F. Figer, A. M. Gilbert, J. R. Graham, N. A. Levenson, R. E. Novak, D. C. Reuter, H. I. Teplitz, M. K. Wilcox, and L. Xu. 2001. "A Survey of Organic Volatile Species in Comet C/1999 H1 (Lee) Using NIRSPEC at the Keck Observatory." The Astrophysical Journal, 546: 1183 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/318314]

    Mumma, M. J., N. Dello Russo, M. A. DiSanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, R. E. Novak, S. Brittain, T. Rettig, I. S. McLean, D. C. Reuter, and L. Xu. 2001. "Organic Composition of C/1999 S4 (LINEAR): A Comet Formed Near Jupiter?" Science, 292: 1334 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1058929]

    Disanti, M. A., M. J. Mumma, N. Dello Russo, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2001. "Carbon Monoxide Production and Excitation in Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp): Isolation of Native and Distributed CO Sources." Icarus, 153: 361 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1006/icar.2001.6695]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. DiSanti, N. Dello Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, and T. W. Rettig. 2000. "Detection of CO and Ethane in Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner: Evidence for Variable Chemistry in the Outer Solar Nebula." The Astrophysical Journal, 531: L155 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/312530]

    Dello Russo, N., M. J. Mumma, M. A. DiSanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, R. Novak, and T. W. Rettig. 2000. "Water Production and Release in Comet C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp." Icarus, 143: 324 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1006/icar.1999.6268]

    Brief Bio

    I am a Staff Scientist in the Solar System Exploration Division at the NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center.  My research emphasizes using molecular spectroscopy to measure the abundances of sublimed ices in comets.  An evolving taxonomy based on the composition of ices currently contains over 40 comets.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Roth, N. X., E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. DiSanti, N. D. Russo, A. J. McKay, R. J. Vervack, H. Kawakita, M. Saki, N. Biver, D. Bockelée-Morvan, L. M. Feaga, N. Fougere, A. L. Cochran, M. Combi, and Y. Shou. 2020. "Probing the Evolutionary History of Comets: An Investigation of the Hypervolatiles CO, CH4, and C2H6 in the Jupiter-family Comet 21P/Giacobini–Zinner." The Astronomical Journal 159 (2): 42 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab536b]

    McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, N. Dello Russo, and M. DiSanti. 2020. "Detection of a Water Tracer in Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov." The Astrophysical Journal Letters 889 (1): L10 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab64ed]

    Dello Russo, N., H. Kawakita, B. P. Bonev, et al. R. J. Vervack, E. L. Gibb, Y. Shinnaka, N. X. Roth, M. A. DiSanti, and A. J. McKay. 2020. "Post-perihelion volatile production and release from Jupiter-family comet 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdušáková." Icarus 335 (1): 113411 [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113411]

    McKay, A. J., M. A. DiSanti, M. S. Kelley, et al. M. M. Knight, M. Womack, K. Wierzchos, O. H. Pinto, B. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, N. D. Russo, A. L. Cochran, N. Biver, J. Bauer, R. J. Vervack, E. Gibb, N. Roth, and H. Kawakita. 2019. "The Peculiar Volatile Composition of CO-dominated Comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS)." The Astronomical Journal 158 (3): 128 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab32e4]

    Biver, N., D. Bockelée-Morvan, G. Paubert, et al. R. Moreno, J. Crovisier, J. Boissier, E. Bertrand, H. Boussier, F. Kugel, A. McKay, N. Dello Russo, and M. A. DiSanti. 2018. "The extraordinary composition of the blue comet C/2016 R2 (PanSTARRS)." Astronomy & Astrophysics 619 A127 [10.1051/0004-6361/201833449]

    McKay, A. J., A. L. Cochran, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, H. Weaver, R. J. Vervack, W. M. Harris, and H. Kawakita. 2018. "Evolution of H2O production in comet C/2012 S1 (ISON) as inferred from forbidden oxygen and OH emission." Icarus 309 1-12 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.02.024]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, E. L. Gibb, et al. L. Paganini, G. L. Villanueva, M. J. Mumma, J. V. Keane, G. A. Blake, N. D. Russo, K. J. Meech, R. J. Vervack, and A. J. McKay. 2016. "En Route To Destruction: The Evolution in Composition of Ices in Comet D/2012 S1 (ISON) Between 1.2 and 0.34 Au from the Sun as Revealed at Infrared Wavelengths." The Astrophysical Journal 820 (1): 34 [10.3847/0004-637x/820/1/34]

    Gicquel, A., S. N. Milam, I. M. Coulson, et al. G. L. Villanueva, M. A. Cordiner, S. B. Charnley, M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and S. Szutowicz. 2015. "THE EVOLUTION OF VOLATILE PRODUCTION IN COMET C/2009 P1 (GARRADD) DURING ITS 2011–2012 APPARITION." The Astrophysical Journal 807 (1): 19 [10.1088/0004-637x/807/1/19]

    Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, and M. J. Mumma. 2013. "Solar fluorescence model of CH3D as applied to comet emission." Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 291 118-124 [10.1016/j.jms.2013.05.007]

    Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, M. F. A’Hearn, and N. Dello Russo. 2013. "High-resolution infrared spectroscopic measurements of Comet 2P/Encke: Unusual organic composition and low rotational temperatures." Icarus 223 (1): 298-307 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.11.023]

    Lippi, M., G. L. Villanueva, M. A. DiSanti, et al. H. Böhnhardt, M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, and D. Prialnik. 2013. "A new model for theν1vibrational band of HCN in cometary comae, with application to three comets." Astronomy & Astrophysics 551 A51 [10.1051/0004-6361/201219903]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, and M. J. Mumma. 2012. "HIGHLY DEPLETED ETHANE AND MILDLY DEPLETED METHANOL IN COMET 21P/GIACOBINI-ZINNER: APPLICATION OF A NEW EMPIRICAL ν2-BAND MODEL FOR CH3OH NEAR 50 K." The Astrophysical Journal 763 (1): 1 [10.1088/0004-637x/763/1/1]

    Gibb, E. L., B. P. Bonev, G. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, E. Sudholt, and Y. Radeva. 2012. "CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMET C/2007 N3 (LULIN): ANOTHER ‘‘ATYPICAL’’ COMET." The Astrophysical Journal 750 (2): 102 [10.1088/0004-637x/750/2/102]

    Villanueva, G. L., M. A. DiSanti, M. J. Mumma, and L.-H. Xu. 2012. "A QUANTUM BAND MODEL OF THE ν3FUNDAMENTAL OF METHANOL (CH3OH) AND ITS APPLICATION TO FLUORESCENCE SPECTRA OF COMETS." The Astrophysical Journal 747 (1): 37 [10.1088/0004-637x/747/1/37]

    Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, B. Bonev, et al. R. Novak, R. Barber, and M. DiSanti. 2012. "Water in planetary and cometary atmospheres: H2O/HDO transmittance and fluorescence models." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 113 (3): 202-220 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.11.001]

    Villanueva, G., M. Mumma, M. DiSanti, et al. B. Bonev, E. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Blake, and C. Salyk. 2011. "The molecular composition of Comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini): Evidence of a peculiar outgassing and a rich chemistry." Icarus 216 (1): 227-240 [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.08.024]

    Heldmann, J. L., A. Colaprete, D. H. Wooden, et al. R. F. Ackermann, D. D. Acton, P. R. Backus, V. Bailey, J. G. Ball, W. C. Barott, S. K. Blair, M. W. Buie, S. Callahan, N. J. Chanover, Y. Choi, A. Conrad, D. M. Coulson, K. B. Crawford, R. Dehart, I. de Pater, M. Disanti, J. R. Forster, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, T. Geballe, J. D. Gibson, D. Goldstein, S. A. Gregory, D. J. Gutierrez, R. T. Hamilton, T. Hamura, D. E. Harker, G. R. Harp, J. Haruyama, M. Hastie, Y. Hayano, P. Hinz, P. K. Hong, S. P. James, T. Kadono, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, D. L. Kim, K. Kurosawa, D. Lee, M. Long, P. G. Lucey, K. Marach, A. C. Matulonis, R. M. McDermid, R. McMillan, C. Miller, H. Moon, R. Nakamura, H. Noda, N. Okamura, L. Ong, D. Porter, J. J. Puschell, J. T. Rayner, J. J. Rembold, K. C. Roth, R. J. Rudy, R. W. Russell, E. V. Ryan, W. H. Ryan, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Sekine, M. A. Skinner, M. S™ma, A. W. Stephens, A. Storrs, R. M. Suggs, S. Sugita, E. Sung, N. Takatoh, J. C. Tarter, S. M. Taylor, H. Terada, C. J. Trujillo, V. Vaitheeswaran, F. Vilas, B. D. Walls, J. Watanabe, W. J. Welch, C. E. Woodward, H. Yim, and E. F. Young. 2011. "LCROSS (Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite) Observation Campaign: Strategies, Implementation, and Lessons Learned." Space Sci Rev 167 (1-4): 93-140 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s11214-011-9759-y]

    Radeva, Y. L., M. J. Mumma, B. P. Bonev, et al. M. A. Disanti, G. L. Villanueva, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and H. A. Weaver. 2010. "The organic composition of Comet C/2000 WM1 (LINEAR) revealed through infrared spectroscopy." Icarus 206 764 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.09.014]

    Mumma, M. J., G. L. Villanueva, R. E. Novak, et al. T. Hewagama, B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, A. M. Mandell, and M. D. Smith. 2009. "Strong Release of Methane on Mars in Northern Summer 2003." Science 323 1041 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1165243]

    Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, S. N. Milam, et al. L. N. Zack, B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, L. M. Ziurys, and W. M. Anderson. 2009. "A multi-wavelength study of parent volatile abundances in Comet C/2006 M4 (SWAN)." Icarus 203 589 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.05.026]

    Magee-Sauer, K., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. "The organic composition of Comet C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) I Evidence for an unusual organic chemistry." Icarus 194 347 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2007.10.006]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, Y. L. Radeva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, E. L. Gibb, and G. L. Villanueva. 2008. "The Peculiar Volatile Composition of Comet 8P/Tuttle: A Contact Binary of Chemically Distinct Cometesimals?" The Astrophysical Journal 680 L61 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/589649]

    Disanti, M. A., and M. J. Mumma. 2008. "Reservoirs for Comets: Compositional Differences Based on Infrared Observations." Space Science Reviews 138 127 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s11214-008-9361-0]

    Böhnhardt, H., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. DiSanti, B. P. Bonev, M. Lippi, and H. U. Käufl. 2008. "The Unusual Volatile Composition of the Halley-Type Comet 8P/Tuttle: Addressing the Existence of an Inner Oort Cloud." The Astrophysical Journal 683 L71 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/591446]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, G. L. Villanueva, et al. M. A. Disanti, R. S. Ellis, K. Magee-Sauer, and N. Dello Russo. 2007. "A Search for Variation in the H2O Ortho-Para Ratio and Rotational Temperature in the Inner Coma of Comet C/2004 Q2 (Machholz)." The Astrophysical Journal 661 L97 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518419]

    Disanti, M. A., G. L. Villanueva, B. P. Bonev, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, J. E. Lyke, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "Temporal evolution of parent volatiles and dust in Comet 9P/Tempel 1 resulting from the Deep Impact experiment." Icarus 191 481 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.10.042]

    Gibb, E. L., M. A. Disanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. Dello Russo, B. P. Bonev, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "The organic composition of C/2001 A2 (LINEAR) II Search for heterogeneity within a comet nucleus." Icarus 188 224 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.009]

    DiSanti, M. A., W. M. Anderson, G. L. Villanueva, et al. B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, and M. J. Mumma. 2007. "Depleted Carbon Monoxide in Fragment C of the Jupiter-Family Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3." The Astrophysical Journal 661 L101 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518716]

    Dello Russo, N., M. J. Mumma, M. A. Disanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, E. L. Gibb, B. P. Bonev, I. S. McLean, and L. Xu. 2006. "A high-resolution infrared spectral survey of Comet C/1999 H1 Lee." Icarus 184 255 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2006.04.020]

    DiSanti, M. A., B. P. Bonev, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. N. D. Russo, M. J. Mumma, D. C. Reuter, and G. L. Villanueva. 2006. "Detection of Formaldehyde Emission in Comet C/2002 T7 (LINEAR) at Infrared Wavelengths: Line-by-Line Validation of Modeled Fluorescent Intensities." The Astrophysical Journal 650 470 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/507118]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, M. A. DiSanti, et al. N. Dello Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, R. S. Ellis, and D. P. Stark. 2006. "A Comprehensive Study of Infrared OH Prompt Emission in Two Comets I Observations and Effective g-Factors." The Astrophysical Journal 653 774 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/508452]

    Villanueva, G. L., B. P. Bonev, M. J. Mumma, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, M. A. DiSanti, C. Salyk, and G. A. Blake. 2006. "The Volatile Composition of the Split Ecliptic comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3: A Comparison of Fragments C and B." The Astrophysical Journal 650 L87 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/508806]

    Dello Russo, N., B. P. Bonev, M. A. DiSanti, et al. M. J. Mumma, E. L. Gibb, K. Magee-Sauer, R. J. Barber, and J. Tennyson. 2005. "Water Production Rates, Rotational Temperatures, and Spin Temperatures in Comets C/1999 H1 (Lee), C/1999 S4, and C/2001 A2." The Astrophysical Journal 621 537 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/427473]

    Meech, K. J., N. Ageorges, M. F. A'Hearn, et al. C. Arpigny, A. Ates, J. Aycock, S. Bagnulo, J. Bailey, R. Barber, L. Barrera, R. Barrena, J. M. Bauer, M. J. Belton, F. Bensch, B. Bhattacharya, N. Biver, G. Blake, D. Bockelée-Morvan, H. Boehnhardt, B. P. Bonev, T. Bonev, M. W. Buie, M. G. Burton, H. M. Butner, R. Cabanac, R. Campbell, H. Campins, M. T. Capria, T. Carroll, F. Chaffee, S. B. Charnley, R. Cleis, A. Coates, A. Cochran, P. Colom, A. Conrad, I. M. Coulson, J. Crovisier, J. deBuizer, R. Dekany, J. de Léon, N. Dello Russo, A. Delsanti, M. DiSanti, J. Drummond, L. Dundon, P. B. Etzel, T. L. Farnham, P. Feldman, Y. R. Fernández, M. D. Filipovic, S. Fisher, A. Fitzsimmons, D. Fong, R. Fugate, H. Fujiwara, T. Fujiyoshi, R. Furusho, T. Fuse, E. Gibb, O. Groussin, S. Gulkis, M. Gurwell, E. Hadamcik, O. Hainaut, D. Harker, D. Harrington, M. Harwit, S. Hasegawa, C. W. Hergenrother, P. Hirst, K. Hodapp, M. Honda, E. S. Howell, D. Hutsemékers, D. Iono, W. Ip, W. Jackson, E. Jehin, Z. J. Jiang, G. H. Jones, P. A. Jones, T. Kadono, U. W. Kamath, H. U. Käufl, T. Kasuga, H. Kawakita, M. S. Kelley, F. Kerber, M. Kidger, D. Kinoshita, M. Knight, L. Lara, S. M. Larson, S. Lederer, C. Lee, A. C. Levasseur-Regourd, J. Y. Li, Q. Li, J. Licandro, Z. Lin, C. M. Lisse, G. LoCurto, A. J. Lovell, S. C. Lowry, J. Lyke, D. Lynch, J. Ma, K. Magee-Sauer, G. Maheswar, J. Manfroid, O. Marco, P. Martin, G. Melnick, S. Miller, T. Miyata, G. H. Moriarty-Schieven, N. Moskovitz, B. E. Mueller, M. J. Mumma, S. Muneer, D. A. Neufeld, T. Ootsubo, D. Osip, S. K. Pandea, E. Pantin, R. Paterno-Mahler, B. Patten, B. E. Penprase, A. Peck, G. Petitpas, N. Pinilla-Alonso, J. Pittichova, E. Pompei, T. P. Prabhu, C. Qi, R. Rao, H. Rauer, H. Reitsema, S. D. Rodgers, P. Rodriguez, R. Ruane, G. Ruch, W. Rujopakarn, D. K. Sahu, S. Sako, I. Sakon, N. Samarasinha, J. M. Sarkissian, I. Saviane, M. Schirmer, P. Schultz, R. Schulz, P. Seitzer, T. Sekiguchi, F. Selman, M. Serra-Ricart, R. Sharp, R. L. Snell, C. Snodgrass, T. Stallard, G. Stecklein, C. Sterken, J. A. Stüwe, S. Sugita, M. Sumner, N. Suntzeff, R. Swaters, S. Takakuwa, N. Takato, J. Thomas-Osip, E. Thompson, A. T. Tokunaga, G. P. Tozzi, H. Tran, M. Troy, C. Trujillo, J. Van Cleve, R. Vasundhara, R. Vazquez, F. Vilas, G. Villanueva, K. von Braun, P. Vora, R. J. Wainscoat, K. Walsh, J. Watanabe, H. A. Weaver, W. Weaver, M. Weiler, P. R. Weissman, W. F. Welsh, D. Wilner, S. Wolk, M. Womack, D. Wooden, L. M. Woodney, C. Woodward, Z. Wu, J. Wu, T. Yamashita, B. Yang, Y. Yang, S. Yokogawa, A. C. Zook, A. Zauderer, X. Zhao, X. Zhou, and J. Zucconi. 2005. "Deep Impact: Observations from a Worldwide Earth-Based Campaign." Science 310 265 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1118978]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. DiSanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. B. P. Bonev, G. L. Villanueva, H. Kawakita, N. Dello Russo, E. L. Gibb, G. A. Blake, J. E. Lyke, R. D. Campbell, J. Aycock, A. Conrad, and G. M. Hill. 2005. "Parent Volatiles in Comet 9P/Tempel 1: Before and After Impact." Science 310 270 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1119337]

    Kochte, M., A. B. Schultz, D. Fraquelli, et al. I. J. Jordan, R. G. Lyon, K. G. Carpenter, H. M. Hart, M. Disanti, F. Bruhweiler, C. Miskey, M. Rodrigue, M. S. Fadali, D. Skelton, and K. Cheng. 2004. "Imaging Terrestrial Planets." THE SEARCH FOR OTHER WORLDS: Fourteenth Astrophysics Conference AIP Conference Proceedings 713 223 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1063/1.1774528]

    dello Russo, N., M. A. Disanti, K. Magee-Sauer, et al. E. L. Gibb, M. J. Mumma, R. J. Barber, and J. Tennyson. 2004. "Water production and release in Comet 153P/Ikeya-Zhang (C/2002 C1): accurate rotational temperature retrievals from hot-band lines near 29-μm." Icarus 168 186 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/j.icarus.2003.11.004]

    Bonev, B. P., M. J. Mumma, N. Dello Russo, et al. E. L. Gibb, M. A. DiSanti, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2004. "Infrared OH Prompt Emission as a Proxy of Water Production in Comets: Quantitative Analysis of the Multiplet Near 3046 cm-1 in Comets C/1999 H1 (Lee) and C/2001 A2 (LINEAR)." The Astrophysical Journal 615 1048 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/424587]

    Schultz, A. B., R. G. Lyon, M. Kochte, et al. D. A. Fraquelli, F. Bruhweiler, I. J. Jordan, K. G. Carpenter, M. A. DiSanti, C. Miskey, M. Rodrigue, M. S. Fadali, D. Skelton, H. M. Hart, and K. Cheng. 2003. "Imaging terrestrial planets with a free-flying occulter and space telescope: an optical simulation." Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets Edited by Coulter, Daniel R Proceedings of the SPIE 5170 262 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1117/12.506192]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. Disanti, N. dello Russo, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, E. Gibb, and R. Novak. 2003. "Remote infrared observations of parent volatiles in comets: A window on the early solar system." Advances in Space Research 31 2563 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0273-1177(03)00578-7]

    Gibb, E. L., M. J. Mumma, N. dello Russo, M. A. Disanti, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2003. "Methane in Oort cloud comets." Icarus 165 391 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1016/S0019-1035(03)00201-X]

    Mumma, M. J., I. S. McLean, M. A. DiSanti, et al. J. E. Larkin, N. D. Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, E. E. Becklin, T. Bida, F. Chaffee, A. R. Conrad, D. F. Figer, A. M. Gilbert, J. R. Graham, N. A. Levenson, R. E. Novak, D. C. Reuter, H. I. Teplitz, M. K. Wilcox, and L. Xu. 2001. "A Survey of Organic Volatile Species in Comet C/1999 H1 (Lee) Using NIRSPEC at the Keck Observatory." The Astrophysical Journal 546 1183 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/318314]

    Mumma, M. J., N. Dello Russo, M. A. DiSanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, R. E. Novak, S. Brittain, T. Rettig, I. S. McLean, D. C. Reuter, and L. Xu. 2001. "Organic Composition of C/1999 S4 (LINEAR): A Comet Formed Near Jupiter?" Science 292 1334 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1126/science.1058929]

    Disanti, M. A., M. J. Mumma, N. Dello Russo, and K. Magee-Sauer. 2001. "Carbon Monoxide Production and Excitation in Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp): Isolation of Native and Distributed CO Sources." Icarus 153 361 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1006/icar.2001.6695]

    Mumma, M. J., M. A. DiSanti, N. Dello Russo, K. Magee-Sauer, and T. W. Rettig. 2000. "Detection of CO and Ethane in Comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner: Evidence for Variable Chemistry in the Outer Solar Nebula." The Astrophysical Journal 531 L155 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/312530]

    Dello Russo, N., M. J. Mumma, M. A. DiSanti, et al. K. Magee-Sauer, R. Novak, and T. W. Rettig. 2000. "Water Production and Release in Comet C/1995 O1 Hale-Bopp." Icarus 143 324 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1006/icar.1999.6268]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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