Dr. F. Michael Flasar

Dr. F. Michael Flasar

  • (AST, PLANETARY STUDIES)
  • 301.286.3071 | 301.286.0212
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Flasar's primary research is the dynamic meteorology of planetary atmospheres, including those of Mars, the giant planets, and Saturn’s moon Titan. He was a co-investigator on the Voyager infrared spectroscopy experiment (IRIS), a member of the Galileo Radio Propagation team, and a Participating Scientist on the Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science team. Since 1990, he has been a member of the Cassini Radio Science team and an investigator (principal investigator since 2002) on the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer experiment.

    Education

    Ph.D. (1972) & B.S. (1967) Physics—Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Positions/Employment

    1977 - Present

    Space Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Planetary Systems Laboratory, Greenbelt, MD
    1988 - 2001

    Research Professor

    Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    1975 - 1977

    Resident Research Associate

    National Research Council, Laboratory for Planetary Atmospheres, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD
    1971 - 1975

    Research Fellow

    Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

    Professional Societies

    American Astronomical Society (full member) & Division for Planetary Sciences, 1975 - Present
    American Geophysical Union, 1980 - Present
    American Meteorological Society, 2010 - Present

    Awards

    Fellow, American Geophysical Union (2012)

    NASA Exceptional Service Medal (2012)

    John C. Lindsay Memorial Award (2011)

    NASA Group Achievement Awards: Voyager, Mars Global Surveyor, Galileo, and Cassini missions (1981-2009)

    Publications

    Refereed

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, A. Spiga, et al. F. M. Flasar, L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, and N. Gorius. 2018. "Equatorial Oscillation and Planetary Wave Activity in Saturn's Stratosphere Through the Cassini Epoch." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 123 (1): 246-261 [10.1002/2017je005419]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters, [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Vinatier, S., B. Schmitt, B. Bézard, et al. P. Rannou, C. Dauphin, R. de Kok, D. Jennings, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Study of Titan’s fall southern stratospheric polar cloud composition with Cassini/CIRS: Detection of benzene ice." Icarus, 310: 89-104 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.12.040]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus, 317: 454-469 (Accepted) [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus, 311: 288-305 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications, 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics, 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics, 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal, 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy, 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Teanby, N. A., B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, et al. M. Sylvestre, C. A. Nixon, P. G. Irwin, R. J. de Kok, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "The formation and evolution of Titan’s winter polar vortex." Nature Communications, 8 (1): 1586 [10.1038/s41467-017-01839-z]

    Fletcher, L. N., P. Irwin, R. Achterberg, G. Orton, and F. Flasar. 2016. "Seasonal variability of Saturn’s tropospheric temperatures, winds and para-H 2 from Cassini far-IR spectroscopy." Icarus, 264: 137-159 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.009]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal, 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus, 270: 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 250: 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Chan, C., S. Albright, N. Gorius, et al. J. Brasunas, D. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, R. Carlson, E. Guandique, and C. Nixon. 2015. "Electrical interferences observed in the Cassini CIRS spectrometer." Experimental Astronomy, 39 (2): 367-386 [10.1007/s10686-015-9452-3]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, and A. J. Kliore. 2015. "A numerical technique for two-way radio occultations by oblate axisymmetric atmospheres with zonal winds." Radio Science, 50 (7): 712-727 [10.1002/2015rs005690]

    Sylvestre, M., S. Guerlet, T. Fouchet, et al. A. Spiga, F. Flasar, B. Hesman, and G. Bjoraker. 2015. "Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from Cassini/CIRS limb observations." Icarus, 258: 224-238 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.05.025]

    Lebonnois, S., F. M. Flasar, T. Tokano, and C. E. Newman. 2014. "The general circulation of Titan's lower and middle atmosphere, Ch. 4 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 231: 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal, 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus, 243: 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports, 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Waite, J., J. Bell, R. Lorenz, R. Achterberg, and F. Flasar. 2013. "A model of variability in Titan's atmospheric structure." Planetary and Space Science, 86: 45-56 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.05.018]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, K. Sung, T. M. Ansty, P. G. Irwin, N. Gorius, V. Cottini, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2013. "DETECTION OF PROPENE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 776 (1): L14 [10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/l14]

    Coustenis, A., G. Bampasidis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, D. E. Jennings, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, S. Vinatier, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, G. Orton, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2013. "EVOLUTION OF THE STRATOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OVER ONE TITANIAN YEAR." The Astrophysical Journal, 779 (2): 177 [10.1088/0004-637x/779/2/177]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus, 221: 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. R. de Kok, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2012. "Spatial and temporal variations in Titan's surface temperatures from Cassini CIRS observations." Planetary and Space Science, 60 (1): 62-71 [10.1016/j.pss.2011.03.015]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, F. M. Flasar, and R. K. Achterberg. 2012. "Designing infrared observations of Titan's atmosphere with Cassini CIRS." 2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference, [10.1109/aero.2012.6187400]

    Nixon, C. A., B. Temelso, S. Vinatier, et al. N. A. Teanby, B. Bézard, R. K. Achterberg, K. E. Mandt, C. D. Sherrill, P. G. Irwin, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "ISOTOPIC RATIOS IN TITAN's METHANE: MEASUREMENTS AND MODELING." The Astrophysical Journal, 749 (2): 159 [10.1088/0004-637x/749/2/159]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus, 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rappaport, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2012. "The structure of Titan’s atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations: Occultations from the Prime and Equinox missions." Icarus, 221 (2): 1020-1031 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.10.021]

    Bampasidis, G., A. Coustenis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. S. Vinatier, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, N. A. Teanby, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, X. Moussas, P. Preka-Papadema, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2012. "THERMAL AND CHEMICAL STRUCTURE VARIATIONS IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE DURING THECASSINIMISSION." The Astrophysical Journal, 760 (2): 144 [10.1088/0004-637x/760/2/144]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal, 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Teanby, N. A., P. G. Irwin, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. de Kok, S. Vinatier, A. Coustenis, E. Sefton-Nash, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "Active upper-atmosphere chemistry and dynamics from polar circulation reversal on Titan." Nature, 491 (7426): 732-735 [10.1038/nature11611]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, P. Irwin, et al. K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. Sanchez-Lavega, F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, G. S. Orton, A. Simon-Miller, R. Hueso, G. Bjoraker, A. Mamoutkine, T. del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, J. M. Gomez, R. H. Brown, B. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin. 2011. "Thermal Structure and Dynamics of Saturn’s Northern Springtime Disturbance." Science, 332: 1413-1417.

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, B. Bezard, F. M. Flasar, and A. A. Simon-Miller. 2011. "Evolution of the equatorial oscillation in Saturn’s stratosphere between 2005 and 2010 from Cassini/CIRS limb data analysis 2011." Geophys Res Lett, 38: L09201 [ doi:10.1029/2011GL047192]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, F. Michael Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2011. "Temporal variations of Titan’s middle-atmospheric temperatures from 2004 to 2009 observed by Cassini/CIRS." Icarus, 211 (1): 686-698 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.08.009]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rappaport, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2011. "Saturn's equatorial oscillation: Evidence of descending thermal structure from Cassini radio occultations." Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (8): [10.1029/2011gl047191]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, R. E. Samuelson, P. N. Romani, B. E. Hesman, R. C. Carlson, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2011. "SEASONAL CHANGES IN TITAN'S SURFACE TEMPERATURES." The Astrophysical Journal, 737 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/737/1/l15]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rapport, E. Barbinas, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2011. "The structure of Titan’s atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations." Icarus, 215 (2): 460-474 [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.07.030]

    Li, L., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. M. A. Smith, N. J. Gorius, X. Jiang, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, K. H. Baines, A. P. Ingersoll, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, and S. P. Ewald. 2011. "The Global Energy Balance of Titan ." Geophys Res Letter, 38: L23201 [10.1029/2011GL050053]

    Barnes, J. W., L. Lemke, R. Foch, et al. C. P. McKay, R. A. Beyer, J. Radebaugh, D. H. Atkinson, R. D. Lorenz, S. Le Mouélic, S. Rodriguez, J. Gundlach, F. Giannini, S. Bain, F. M. Flasar, T. Hurford, C. M. Anderson, J. Merrison, M. Ádámkovics, S. A. Kattenhorn, J. Mitchell, D. M. Burr, A. Colaprete, E. Schaller, A. J. Friedson, K. S. Edgett, A. Coradini, A. Adriani, K. M. Sayanagi, M. J. Malaska, D. Morabito, and K. Reh. 2011. "AVIATR—Aerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance." Experimental Astronomy, 33 (1): 55-127 [10.1007/s10686-011-9275-9]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, N. A. Teanby, et al. P. G. Irwin, J.-M. Flaud, I. Kleiner, A. Dehayem-Kamadjeu, L. R. Brown, R. L. Sams, B. Bézard, A. Coustenis, T. M. Ansty, A. Mamoutkine, S. Vinatier, G. L. Bjoraker, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Upper limits for undetected trace species in the stratosphere of Titan." Faraday Discussions, 147: 65 [10.1039/c003771k]

    Fletcher, L. N., R. K. Achterberg, T. K. Greathouse, et al. G. S. Orton, B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon-Miller, S. Guerlet, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Seasonal Change on Saturn from Cassini/CIRS Observations, 2004-2009." Icarus, 208: 337-352.

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, B. Bezard, et al. J. I. Moses, L. N. Fletcher, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Meridional distribution of CH3C2H and C4H2 in Saturn's stratosphere from CIRS/Cassini limb and nadir observations." Icarus, 209: 682-695.

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res, 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, and F. M. Flasar. 2010. "Infrared limb sounding with Cassini CIRS: Optimal viewing strategy using horizon nodes." 2010 IEEE Aerospace Conference, [10.1109/aero.2010.5446856]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, C. Nixon, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Lavvas, S. Vinatier, N. Teanby, G. Bjoraker, R. Carlson, L. Piani, G. Bampasidis, F. Flasar, and P. Romani. 2010. "Titan trace gaseous composition from CIRS at the end of the Cassini–Huygens prime mission." Icarus, 207 (1): 461-476 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.11.027]

    Nixon, C. A., N. A. Teanby, S. B. Calcutt, et al. S. Aslam, D. E. Jennings, V. G. Kunde, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, F. W. Taylor, D. A. Glenar, and M. D. Smith. 2010. "Infrared limb sounding of Titan with the Cassini Composite InfraRed Spectrometer: effects of the mid-IR detector spatial responses: errata." Applied Optics, 49 (29): 5575 [10.1364/ao.49.005575]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, P. Romani, et al. M. Allen, X. Zhang, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2010. "Abundances of Jupiter's trace hydrocarbons from Voyager and Cassini." Planetary and Space Science, 58 (13): 1667-1680 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.05.008]

    Lorenz, R. D., M. E. Brown, and F. M. Flasar. 2009. "Seasonal Change on Titan." Titan from Cassini-Huygens, 353-372 [10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_14]

    Flasar, F. M., K. H. Baines, M. K. Bird, and T. Tokano. 2009. "Atmospheric Dynamics and Meteorology." Titan from Cassini-Huygens, 323-352 [10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_13]

    Strobel, D. F., S. K. Atreya, B. Bézard, et al. F. Ferri, F. M. Flasar, M. Fulchignoni, E. Lellouch, and I. Müller-Wodarg. 2009. "Atmospheric Structure and Composition." Titan from Cassini-Huygens, 235-257 [10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_10]

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    Hinson, D. P., A. J. Kliore, F. M. Flasar, et al. J. D. Twicken, P. J. Schinder, and R. G. Herrera. 1998. "Galileo radio occultation measurements of Io's ionosphere and plasma wake." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 103 (A12): 29343-29357 [10.1029/98ja02659]

    Kliore, A. J., D. P. Hinson, F. M. Flasar, A. F. Nagy, and T. E. Cravens. 1997. "The Ionosphere of Europa from Galileo Radio Occultations." Science, 277 (5324): 355-358 [10.1126/science.277.5324.355]

    Hinson, D. P., F. M. Flasar, A. J. Kliore, et al. P. J. Schinder, J. D. Twicken, and R. G. Herrera. 1997. "Jupiter's ionosphere: Results from the First Galileo Radio Occultation Experiment." Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (17): 2107-2110 [10.1029/97gl01608]

    Killen, R., and F. M. Flasar. 1996. "Microwave Sounding of the Giant Planets." Icarus, 119 (1): 67-89 [10.1006/icar.1996.0003]

    Achterberg, R. K., and F. Flasar. 1996. "Planetary-Scale Thermal Waves in Saturn's Upper Troposphere." Icarus, 119 (2): 350-369 [10.1006/icar.1996.0024]

    Ingersoll, A. P., C. D. Barnet, R. F. Beebe, et al. F. M. Flasar, D. P. Hinson, S. S. Limaye, L. A. Sromovsky, and V. E. Suomi. 1995. "Dynamic Meteorology of Neptune, pp. 613-682, in Neptune and Triton." Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, ISBN: 0-8165-1525-5.

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, and P. J. Gierasch. 1991. "Thermal structure and dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere from Voyager measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research, 96 (S01): 18931 [10.1029/91ja01859]

    Kouvaris, L. C., and F. Flasar. 1991. "Phase equilibrium of methane and nitrogen at low temperatures: Application to Titan." Icarus, 91 (1): 112-124 [10.1016/0019-1035(91)90131-c]

    Flasar, F., and B. Conrath. 1990. "Titan's stratospheric temperatures: A case for dynamical inertia?" Icarus, 85 (2): 346-354 [10.1016/0019-1035(90)90122-p]

    Conrath, B., F. M. Flasar, R. Hanel, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, P. Gierasch, A. Weir, B. Bezard, D. Gautier, D. Cruikshank, L. Horn, R. Springer, and W. Shaffer. 1989. "Infrared Observations of the Neptunian System." Science, 246 (4936): 1454-1459 [10.1126/science.246.4936.1454]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, and J. A. Pirraglia. 1987. "Voyager infrared observations of Uranus' atmosphere: Thermal structure and dynamics." Journal of Geophysical Research, 92 (A13): 15011 [10.1029/ja092ia13p15011]

    Flasar, F. 1986. "Global dynamics and thermal structure of Jupiter's atmosphere." Icarus, 65 (2-3): 280-303 [10.1016/0019-1035(86)90140-5]

    Hanel, R., B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, J. C. Pearl, J. A. Pirraglia, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. J. Gierasch, L. J. Horn, and P. Schulte. 1986. "Infrared Observations of the Uranian System." Science, 233 (4759): 70-74 [10.1126/science.233.4759.70]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1986. "Mesoscale Waves as a Probe of Jupiter's Deep Atmosphere." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 43 (22): 2683-2707 [10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<2683:mwaapo>2.0.co;2]

    Hunten, D. M., M. G. Tomasko, F. M. Flasar, et al. R. E. Samuelson, D. F. Strobel, and D. J. Stevenson. 1984. "Titan, pp. 671-759, in Saturn." Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, ISBN: 0-8165-0829-1.

    Flasar, F. M. 1983. "Oceans on Titan?" Science, 221 (4605): 55-57 [10.1126/science.221.4605.55]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1982. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 2." Science, 215 (4532): 544-548 [10.1126/science.215.4532.544]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, L. Herath, M. Allison, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, R. Koppany, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1981. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 1." Science, 212 (4491): 192-200 [10.1126/science.212.4491.192]

    Flasar, F. M., R. E. Samuelson, and B. J. Conrath. 1981. "Titan's atmosphere: temperature and dynamics." Nature, 292 (5825): 693-698 [10.1038/292693a0]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, J. A. Pirraglia, P. J. Gierasch, and G. E. Hunt. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 2. Visible cloud features." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 86 (A10): 8769-8775 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08769]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, J. A. Pirraglia, et al. P. C. Clark, R. G. French, and P. J. Gierasch. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 1. The great red spot." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 86 (A10): 8759-8767 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08759]

    Pollack, J. B., D. S. Colburn, M. Flasar, et al. R. A. Kahn, C. E. Carlston, and D. Pidek. 1979. "Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 84 (B6): 2929 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/JB084iB06p02929]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1." Science, 204 (4396): 972-976 [10.1126/science.204.4396.972-a]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. L. Herath, V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 2." Science, 206 (4421): 952-956 [10.1126/science.206.4421.952]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1978. "Turbulent convection within rapidly rotating superadiabatic fluids with horizontal temperature gradients." Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 10 (1): 175-212 [10.1080/03091927808242636]

    Flasar, F. M., and R. M. Goody. 1976. "Diurnal behaviour of water on mars." Planetary and Space Science, 24 (2): 161-181 [10.1016/0032-0633(76)90103-3]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. Morrison. 1976. "A spinar model of Cygnus A." The Astrophysical Journal, 204: 352 [10.1086/154179]

    Flasar, F. M., and F. Birch. 1973. "Energetics of core formation: A correction." Journal of Geophysical Research, 78 (26): 6101-6103 [10.1029/jb078i026p06101]

    Flasar, F. M. 1973. "Gravitational Energy Sources in Jupiter." The Astrophysical Journal, 186: 1097 [10.1086/152574]

    Brief Bio

    Flasar's primary research is the dynamic meteorology of planetary atmospheres, including those of Mars, the giant planets, and Saturn’s moon Titan. He was a co-investigator on the Voyager infrared spectroscopy experiment (IRIS), a member of the Galileo Radio Propagation team, and a Participating Scientist on the Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science team. Since 1990, he has been a member of the Cassini Radio Science team and an investigator (principal investigator since 2002) on the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer experiment.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, A. Spiga, et al. F. M. Flasar, L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, and N. Gorius. 2018. "Equatorial Oscillation and Planetary Wave Activity in Saturn's Stratosphere Through the Cassini Epoch." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 123 (1): 246-261 [10.1002/2017je005419]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Vinatier, S., B. Schmitt, B. Bézard, et al. P. Rannou, C. Dauphin, R. de Kok, D. Jennings, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Study of Titan’s fall southern stratospheric polar cloud composition with Cassini/CIRS: Detection of benzene ice." Icarus 310 89-104 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.12.040]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus (Accepted) 317 454-469 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus 311 288-305 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Teanby, N. A., B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, et al. M. Sylvestre, C. A. Nixon, P. G. Irwin, R. J. de Kok, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "The formation and evolution of Titan’s winter polar vortex." Nature Communications 8 (1): 1586 [10.1038/s41467-017-01839-z]

    Fletcher, L. N., P. Irwin, R. Achterberg, G. Orton, and F. Flasar. 2016. "Seasonal variability of Saturn’s tropospheric temperatures, winds and para-H 2 from Cassini far-IR spectroscopy." Icarus 264 137-159 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.009]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus 270 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 250 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Chan, C., S. Albright, N. Gorius, et al. J. Brasunas, D. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, R. Carlson, E. Guandique, and C. Nixon. 2015. "Electrical interferences observed in the Cassini CIRS spectrometer." Experimental Astronomy 39 (2): 367-386 [10.1007/s10686-015-9452-3]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, and A. J. Kliore. 2015. "A numerical technique for two-way radio occultations by oblate axisymmetric atmospheres with zonal winds." Radio Science 50 (7): 712-727 [10.1002/2015rs005690]

    Sylvestre, M., S. Guerlet, T. Fouchet, et al. A. Spiga, F. Flasar, B. Hesman, and G. Bjoraker. 2015. "Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from Cassini/CIRS limb observations." Icarus 258 224-238 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.05.025]

    Lebonnois, S., F. M. Flasar, T. Tokano, and C. E. Newman. 2014. "The general circulation of Titan's lower and middle atmosphere, Ch. 4 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment."

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment."

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 231 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus 243 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Waite, J., J. Bell, R. Lorenz, R. Achterberg, and F. Flasar. 2013. "A model of variability in Titan's atmospheric structure." Planetary and Space Science 86 45-56 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.05.018]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, K. Sung, T. M. Ansty, P. G. Irwin, N. Gorius, V. Cottini, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2013. "DETECTION OF PROPENE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal 776 (1): L14 [10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/l14]

    Coustenis, A., G. Bampasidis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, D. E. Jennings, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, S. Vinatier, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, G. Orton, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2013. "EVOLUTION OF THE STRATOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OVER ONE TITANIAN YEAR." The Astrophysical Journal 779 (2): 177 [10.1088/0004-637x/779/2/177]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus 221 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. R. de Kok, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2012. "Spatial and temporal variations in Titan's surface temperatures from Cassini CIRS observations." Planetary and Space Science 60 (1): 62-71 [10.1016/j.pss.2011.03.015]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, F. M. Flasar, and R. K. Achterberg. 2012. "Designing infrared observations of Titan's atmosphere with Cassini CIRS." 2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference [10.1109/aero.2012.6187400]

    Nixon, C. A., B. Temelso, S. Vinatier, et al. N. A. Teanby, B. Bézard, R. K. Achterberg, K. E. Mandt, C. D. Sherrill, P. G. Irwin, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "ISOTOPIC RATIOS IN TITAN's METHANE: MEASUREMENTS AND MODELING." The Astrophysical Journal 749 (2): 159 [10.1088/0004-637x/749/2/159]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rappaport, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2012. "The structure of Titan’s atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations: Occultations from the Prime and Equinox missions." Icarus 221 (2): 1020-1031 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.10.021]

    Bampasidis, G., A. Coustenis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. S. Vinatier, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, N. A. Teanby, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, X. Moussas, P. Preka-Papadema, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2012. "THERMAL AND CHEMICAL STRUCTURE VARIATIONS IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE DURING THECASSINIMISSION." The Astrophysical Journal 760 (2): 144 [10.1088/0004-637x/760/2/144]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Teanby, N. A., P. G. Irwin, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. de Kok, S. Vinatier, A. Coustenis, E. Sefton-Nash, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "Active upper-atmosphere chemistry and dynamics from polar circulation reversal on Titan." Nature 491 (7426): 732-735 [10.1038/nature11611]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, P. Irwin, et al. K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. Sanchez-Lavega, F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, G. S. Orton, A. Simon-Miller, R. Hueso, G. Bjoraker, A. Mamoutkine, T. del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, J. M. Gomez, R. H. Brown, B. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin. 2011. "Thermal Structure and Dynamics of Saturn’s Northern Springtime Disturbance." Science 332 1413-1417.

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, B. Bezard, F. M. Flasar, and A. A. Simon-Miller. 2011. "Evolution of the equatorial oscillation in Saturn’s stratosphere between 2005 and 2010 from Cassini/CIRS limb data analysis 2011." Geophys Res Lett 38 L09201 [ doi:10.1029/2011GL047192]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, F. Michael Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2011. "Temporal variations of Titan’s middle-atmospheric temperatures from 2004 to 2009 observed by Cassini/CIRS." Icarus 211 (1): 686-698 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.08.009]

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    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews 115 (1-4): 169-297 [10.1007/s11214-004-1454-9 ]

    Flasar, F. M., V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, P. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bezard, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. M. Smith, G. Orton, L. Spilker, R. C. Carlson, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "An Intense Stratospheric Jet on Jupiter." Nature 427 132-135 [10.1038/nature02142]

    Abbas, M. M., A. LeClair, T. Owen, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. Bjoraker, D. J. Jennings, G. Orton, and P. N. Romani. 2004. "The Nitrogen Isotopic Ratio in Jupiter’s Atmosphere from Observations by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on theCassiniSpacecraft." The Astrophysical Journal 602 (2): 1063-1074 [10.1086/381084]

    Wong, M. H., G. L. Bjoraker, M. D. Smith, F. Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2004. "Identification of the 10-μm ammonia ice feature on Jupiter." Planetary and Space Science 52 (5-6): 385-395 [10.1016/j.pss.2003.06.005]

    Kunde, V., F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, et al. B. Bezard, D. Strobel, B. Conrath, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, P. Romani, R. Achterberg, A. Simon-Miller, P. Irwin, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. Smith, G. Orton, P. Gierasch, L. Spilker, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment." Science 305 (5690): 1582-1586. [10.1126/science.1100240]

    Kliore, A. J., J. D. Anderson, J. W. Armstrong, et al. S. W. Asmar, C. L. Hamilton, N. J. Rappaport, H. D. Wahlquist, R. Ambrosini, F. M. Flasar, R. G. French, L. Iess, E. A. Marouf, and A. F. Nagy. 2004. "Cassini Radio Science." Space Science Reviews 115 (1-4): 1-70 [10.1007/s11214-004-1436-y]

    Irwin, P., P. Parrish, T. Fouchet, et al. S. Calcutt, F. Taylor, A. Simon-Miller, C. Nixon, and F. M. Flasar. 2004. "Retrievals of Jovian tropospheric phosphine from Cassini/CIRS." Icarus 172 (1): 37-49 [10.1016/j.icarus.2003.09.027 ]

    Kliore, A. J., A. Anabtawi, R. G. Herrera, et al. S. W. Asmar, A. F. Nagy, D. P. Hinson, and F. M. Flasar. 2002. "Ionosphere of Callisto from Galileo radio occultation observations." Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (A11): 1407 [10.1029/2002ja009365]

    Simon-Miller, A. A., P. J. Gierasch, R. F. Beebe, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, R. K. Achterberg, and C. Cirs. 2002. "New Observational Results Concerning Jupiter's Great Red Spot." Icarus 158 249-266

    Matcheva, K., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Flasar. 2001. "Interaction of Gravity Waves with Ionospheric Plasma: Implications for Jupiter's Ionosphere." Icarus 152 (2): 347-365 [10.1006/icar.2001.6631]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 2000. "Correction to “Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor” by D. P. Hinson et al.." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 105 (E1): 1717-1717 [10.1029/1999je900045]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 1999. "Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 104 (E11): 26997-27012 [10.1029/1999je001069]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The dynamic meteorology of Titan." Planetary and Space Science 46 (9-10): 1125-1147 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00223-7]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The composition of Titans atmosphere : a meteorological perspective." Planetary and Space Science 46 (9-10): 1109-1124 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00182-7]

    Hinson, D. P., A. J. Kliore, F. M. Flasar, et al. J. D. Twicken, P. J. Schinder, and R. G. Herrera. 1998. "Galileo radio occultation measurements of Io's ionosphere and plasma wake." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 103 (A12): 29343-29357 [10.1029/98ja02659]

    Kliore, A. J., D. P. Hinson, F. M. Flasar, A. F. Nagy, and T. E. Cravens. 1997. "The Ionosphere of Europa from Galileo Radio Occultations." Science 277 (5324): 355-358 [10.1126/science.277.5324.355]

    Hinson, D. P., F. M. Flasar, A. J. Kliore, et al. P. J. Schinder, J. D. Twicken, and R. G. Herrera. 1997. "Jupiter's ionosphere: Results from the First Galileo Radio Occultation Experiment." Geophysical Research Letters 24 (17): 2107-2110 [10.1029/97gl01608]

    Killen, R., and F. M. Flasar. 1996. "Microwave Sounding of the Giant Planets." Icarus 119 (1): 67-89 [10.1006/icar.1996.0003]

    Achterberg, R. K., and F. Flasar. 1996. "Planetary-Scale Thermal Waves in Saturn's Upper Troposphere." Icarus 119 (2): 350-369 [10.1006/icar.1996.0024]

    Ingersoll, A. P., C. D. Barnet, R. F. Beebe, et al. F. M. Flasar, D. P. Hinson, S. S. Limaye, L. A. Sromovsky, and V. E. Suomi. 1995. "Dynamic Meteorology of Neptune, pp. 613-682, in Neptune and Triton."

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, and P. J. Gierasch. 1991. "Thermal structure and dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere from Voyager measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research 96 (S01): 18931 [10.1029/91ja01859]

    Kouvaris, L. C., and F. Flasar. 1991. "Phase equilibrium of methane and nitrogen at low temperatures: Application to Titan." Icarus 91 (1): 112-124 [10.1016/0019-1035(91)90131-c]

    Flasar, F., and B. Conrath. 1990. "Titan's stratospheric temperatures: A case for dynamical inertia?" Icarus 85 (2): 346-354 [10.1016/0019-1035(90)90122-p]

    Conrath, B., F. M. Flasar, R. Hanel, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, P. Gierasch, A. Weir, B. Bezard, D. Gautier, D. Cruikshank, L. Horn, R. Springer, and W. Shaffer. 1989. "Infrared Observations of the Neptunian System." Science 246 (4936): 1454-1459 [10.1126/science.246.4936.1454]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, and J. A. Pirraglia. 1987. "Voyager infrared observations of Uranus' atmosphere: Thermal structure and dynamics." Journal of Geophysical Research 92 (A13): 15011 [10.1029/ja092ia13p15011]

    Flasar, F. 1986. "Global dynamics and thermal structure of Jupiter's atmosphere." Icarus 65 (2-3): 280-303 [10.1016/0019-1035(86)90140-5]

    Hanel, R., B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, J. C. Pearl, J. A. Pirraglia, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. J. Gierasch, L. J. Horn, and P. Schulte. 1986. "Infrared Observations of the Uranian System." Science 233 (4759): 70-74 [10.1126/science.233.4759.70]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1986. "Mesoscale Waves as a Probe of Jupiter's Deep Atmosphere." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 43 (22): 2683-2707 [10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<2683:mwaapo>2.0.co;2]

    Hunten, D. M., M. G. Tomasko, F. M. Flasar, et al. R. E. Samuelson, D. F. Strobel, and D. J. Stevenson. 1984. "Titan, pp. 671-759, in Saturn."

    Flasar, F. M. 1983. "Oceans on Titan?" Science 221 (4605): 55-57 [10.1126/science.221.4605.55]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1982. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 2." Science 215 (4532): 544-548 [10.1126/science.215.4532.544]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, L. Herath, M. Allison, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, R. Koppany, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1981. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 1." Science 212 (4491): 192-200 [10.1126/science.212.4491.192]

    Flasar, F. M., R. E. Samuelson, and B. J. Conrath. 1981. "Titan's atmosphere: temperature and dynamics." Nature 292 (5825): 693-698 [10.1038/292693a0]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, J. A. Pirraglia, P. J. Gierasch, and G. E. Hunt. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 2. Visible cloud features." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 86 (A10): 8769-8775 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08769]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, J. A. Pirraglia, et al. P. C. Clark, R. G. French, and P. J. Gierasch. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 1. The great red spot." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 86 (A10): 8759-8767 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08759]

    Pollack, J. B., D. S. Colburn, M. Flasar, et al. R. A. Kahn, C. E. Carlston, and D. Pidek. 1979. "Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 84 (B6): 2929 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/JB084iB06p02929]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1." Science 204 (4396): 972-976 [10.1126/science.204.4396.972-a]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. L. Herath, V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 2." Science 206 (4421): 952-956 [10.1126/science.206.4421.952]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1978. "Turbulent convection within rapidly rotating superadiabatic fluids with horizontal temperature gradients." Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics 10 (1): 175-212 [10.1080/03091927808242636]

    Flasar, F. M., and R. M. Goody. 1976. "Diurnal behaviour of water on mars." Planetary and Space Science 24 (2): 161-181 [10.1016/0032-0633(76)90103-3]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. Morrison. 1976. "A spinar model of Cygnus A." The Astrophysical Journal 204 352 [10.1086/154179]

    Flasar, F. M., and F. Birch. 1973. "Energetics of core formation: A correction." Journal of Geophysical Research 78 (26): 6101-6103 [10.1029/jb078i026p06101]

    Flasar, F. M. 1973. "Gravitational Energy Sources in Jupiter." The Astrophysical Journal 186 1097 [10.1086/152574]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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