Dr. F. Michael Flasar

Dr. F. Michael Flasar

  • (AST, PLANETARY STUDIES)
  • 301.286.3071 | 301.286.0212
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Flasar's primary research is the dynamic meteorology of planetary atmospheres, including those of Mars, the giant planets, and Saturn’s moon Titan. He was a co-investigator on the Voyager infrared spectroscopy experiment (IRIS), a member of the Galileo Radio Propagation team, and a Participating Scientist on the Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science team. Since 1990, he has been a member of the Cassini Radio Science team and an investigator (principal investigator since 2002) on the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer experiment.

    Education

    Ph.D. (1972) & B.S. (1967) Physics—Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Positions/Employment

    1977 - Present

    Space Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Planetary Systems Laboratory, Greenbelt, MD
    1988 - 2001

    Research Professor

    Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
    1975 - 1977

    Resident Research Associate

    National Research Council, Laboratory for Planetary Atmospheres, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD
    1971 - 1975

    Research Fellow

    Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

    Professional Societies

    American Astronomical Society (full member) & Division for Planetary Sciences, 1975 - Present
    American Geophysical Union, 1980 - Present
    American Meteorological Society, 2010 - Present

    Awards

    Fellow, American Geophysical Union (2012)

    NASA Exceptional Service Medal (2012)

    John C. Lindsay Memorial Award (2011)

    NASA Group Achievement Awards: Voyager, Mars Global Surveyor, Galileo, and Cassini missions (1981-2018)

    Other Professional Information

    Space Scientist, Planetary Systems Laboratory, Goddard Space Flight Center (1977-present)

    Research Professor, Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University (1988-2001)

    NRC Resident Research Associate, Laboratory for Planetary Atmospheres, Goddard Space Flight Center (1975-1977)

    Research Fellow, Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (1971-1975)

    Publications

    Refereed

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and R. K. Achterberg. 2020. "The structure of Titan's atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations: One- and two-way occultations." Icarus, 345: 113720 [10.1016/j.icarus.2020.113720]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, N. A. Lombardo, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. M. Annex, M. Rice, P. N. Romani, D. E. Jennings, R. E. Samuelson, C. M. Anderson, A. Coustenis, B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, E. Lellouch, R. Courtin, N. A. Teanby, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) Observations of Titan 2004–2017." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 244 (1): 14 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab3799]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, T. K. Greathouse, et al. B. Bézard, A. Jolly, S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, M. J. Richter, P. J. G Irwin, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Detection of Propadiene on Titan." The Astrophysical Journal, 881 (2): L33 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab3860]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, R. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, G. Bampasidis, C. Nixon, and F. Flasar. 2019. "Titan's neutral atmosphere seasonal variations up to the end of the Cassini mission." Icarus, 113413 (In Press) [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113413]

    Jennings, D. E., T. Tokano, V. Cottini, et al. C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, M. E. Segura, N. J. Gorius, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, and A. Coustenis. 2019. "Titan Surface Temperatures during the Cassini Mission." The Astrophysical Journal, 877 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab1f91]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, M. Sylvestre, et al. D. E. Jennings, N. Teanby, P. J. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Ethane in Titan’s Stratosphere from Cassini CIRS Far- and Mid-infrared Spectra." The Astronomical Journal, 157 (4): 160 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab0e07]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus, 317: 454-469 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Baines, K. H., F. M. Flasar, N. Krupp, and T. Stallard, eds. 2018. "Saturn in the 21st Century." Cambridge CB2 8BS United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-1-107-10677-2. [10.1017/9781316227220]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications, 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus, 311: 288-305 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Vinatier, S., B. Schmitt, B. Bézard, et al. P. Rannou, C. Dauphin, R. de Kok, D. Jennings, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Study of Titan’s fall southern stratospheric polar cloud composition with Cassini/CIRS: Detection of benzene ice." Icarus, 310: 89-104 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.12.040]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters, [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal, 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, A. Spiga, et al. F. M. Flasar, L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, and N. Gorius. 2018. "Equatorial Oscillation and Planetary Wave Activity in Saturn's Stratosphere Through the Cassini Epoch." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 123 (1): 246-261 [10.1002/2017je005419]

    Teanby, N. A., B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, et al. M. Sylvestre, C. A. Nixon, P. G. Irwin, R. J. de Kok, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "The formation and evolution of Titan’s winter polar vortex." Nature Communications, 8 (1): 1586 [10.1038/s41467-017-01839-z]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy, 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal, 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics, 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics, 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus, 270: 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal, 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Fletcher, L. N., P. Irwin, R. Achterberg, G. Orton, and F. Flasar. 2016. "Seasonal variability of Saturn’s tropospheric temperatures, winds and para-H 2 from Cassini far-IR spectroscopy." Icarus, 264: 137-159 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.009]

    Sylvestre, M., S. Guerlet, T. Fouchet, et al. A. Spiga, F. Flasar, B. Hesman, and G. Bjoraker. 2015. "Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from Cassini/CIRS limb observations." Icarus, 258: 224-238 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.05.025]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, and A. J. Kliore. 2015. "A numerical technique for two-way radio occultations by oblate axisymmetric atmospheres with zonal winds." Radio Science, 50 (7): 712-727 [10.1002/2015rs005690]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Chan, C., S. Albright, N. Gorius, et al. J. Brasunas, D. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, R. Carlson, E. Guandique, and C. Nixon. 2015. "Electrical interferences observed in the Cassini CIRS spectrometer." Experimental Astronomy, 39 (2): 367-386 [10.1007/s10686-015-9452-3]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 250: 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus, 243: 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal, 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus, 231: 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

    Lebonnois, S., F. M. Flasar, T. Tokano, and C. E. Newman. 2014. "The general circulation of Titan's lower and middle atmosphere, Ch. 4 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment." Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0-521-19992-6.

    Coustenis, A., G. Bampasidis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, D. E. Jennings, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, S. Vinatier, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, G. Orton, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2013. "EVOLUTION OF THE STRATOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OVER ONE TITANIAN YEAR." The Astrophysical Journal, 779 (2): 177 [10.1088/0004-637x/779/2/177]

    Nixon, C. A., D. E. Jennings, B. Bézard, et al. S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, K. Sung, T. M. Ansty, P. G. Irwin, N. Gorius, V. Cottini, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2013. "DETECTION OF PROPENE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 776 (1): L14 [10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/l14]

    Waite, J., J. Bell, R. Lorenz, R. Achterberg, and F. Flasar. 2013. "A model of variability in Titan's atmospheric structure." Planetary and Space Science, 86: 45-56 [10.1016/j.pss.2013.05.018]

    Li, L., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. P. J. Gierasch, M. A. Smith, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, G. S. Orton, F. M. Flasar, X. Jiang, K. H. Baines, R. Morales-Juberias, A. P. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. Del Genio, R. A. West, and S. P. Ewald. 2013. "Strong Temporal Variation Over One Saturnian Year: From Voyager to Cassini." Scientific Reports, 3 (2410): [10.1038/srep02410]

    Teanby, N. A., P. G. Irwin, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. de Kok, S. Vinatier, A. Coustenis, E. Sefton-Nash, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "Active upper-atmosphere chemistry and dynamics from polar circulation reversal on Titan." Nature, 491 (7426): 732-735 [10.1038/nature11611]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, P. N. Romani, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, B. E. Hesman, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "FIRST OBSERVATION IN THE SOUTH OF TITAN'S FAR-INFRARED 220 cm –1 CLOUD." The Astrophysical Journal, 761 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/761/1/l15]

    Bampasidis, G., A. Coustenis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. S. Vinatier, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, N. A. Teanby, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, X. Moussas, P. Preka-Papadema, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2012. "THERMAL AND CHEMICAL STRUCTURE VARIATIONS IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE DURING THECASSINIMISSION." The Astrophysical Journal, 760 (2): 144 [10.1088/0004-637x/760/2/144]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rappaport, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2012. "The structure of Titan’s atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations: Occultations from the Prime and Equinox missions." Icarus, 221 (2): 1020-1031 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.10.021]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. C. Anderson, N. Gorius, G. Bjoraker, A. Coustenis, N. Teanby, R. Achterberg, B. Bézard, R. de Kok, E. Lellouch, P. Irwin, F. Flasar, and G. Bampasidis. 2012. "Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS far-infrared spectra." Icarus, 220 (2): 855-862 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.014]

    Jennings, D. E., C. M. Anderson, R. E. Samuelson, et al. F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, R. de Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, and S. B. Calcutt. 2012. "SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE." The Astrophysical Journal, 754 (1): L3 [10.1088/2041-8205/754/1/l3]

    Nixon, C. A., B. Temelso, S. Vinatier, et al. N. A. Teanby, B. Bézard, R. K. Achterberg, K. E. Mandt, C. D. Sherrill, P. G. Irwin, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "ISOTOPIC RATIOS IN TITAN's METHANE: MEASUREMENTS AND MODELING." The Astrophysical Journal, 749 (2): 159 [10.1088/0004-637x/749/2/159]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, F. M. Flasar, and R. K. Achterberg. 2012. "Designing infrared observations of Titan's atmosphere with Cassini CIRS." 2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference, [10.1109/aero.2012.6187400]

    Cottini, V., C. Nixon, D. Jennings, et al. R. de Kok, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2012. "Spatial and temporal variations in Titan's surface temperatures from Cassini CIRS observations." Planetary and Space Science, 60 (1): 62-71 [10.1016/j.pss.2011.03.015]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus, 221: 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Barnes, J. W., L. Lemke, R. Foch, et al. C. P. McKay, R. A. Beyer, J. Radebaugh, D. H. Atkinson, R. D. Lorenz, S. Le Mouélic, S. Rodriguez, J. Gundlach, F. Giannini, S. Bain, F. M. Flasar, T. Hurford, C. M. Anderson, J. Merrison, M. Ádámkovics, S. A. Kattenhorn, J. Mitchell, D. M. Burr, A. Colaprete, E. Schaller, A. J. Friedson, K. S. Edgett, A. Coradini, A. Adriani, K. M. Sayanagi, M. J. Malaska, D. Morabito, and K. Reh. 2011. "AVIATR—Aerial Vehicle for In-situ and Airborne Titan Reconnaissance." Experimental Astronomy, 33 (1): 55-127 [10.1007/s10686-011-9275-9]

    Li, L., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. M. A. Smith, N. J. Gorius, X. Jiang, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, K. H. Baines, A. P. Ingersoll, R. A. West, A. R. Vasavada, and S. P. Ewald. 2011. "The Global Energy Balance of Titan ." Geophys Res Letter, 38: L23201 [10.1029/2011GL050053]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rapport, E. Barbinas, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2011. "The structure of Titan’s atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations." Icarus, 215 (2): 460-474 [10.1016/j.icarus.2011.07.030]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, R. E. Samuelson, P. N. Romani, B. E. Hesman, R. C. Carlson, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2011. "SEASONAL CHANGES IN TITAN'S SURFACE TEMPERATURES." The Astrophysical Journal, 737 (1): L15 [10.1088/2041-8205/737/1/l15]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, C. A. McGhee, A. J. Kliore, N. J. Rappaport, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and A. Anabtawi. 2011. "Saturn's equatorial oscillation: Evidence of descending thermal structure from Cassini radio occultations." Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (8): [10.1029/2011gl047191]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, F. Michael Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2011. "Temporal variations of Titan’s middle-atmospheric temperatures from 2004 to 2009 observed by Cassini/CIRS." Icarus, 211 (1): 686-698 [10.1016/j.icarus.2010.08.009]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, P. Irwin, et al. K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. Sanchez-Lavega, F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, G. S. Orton, A. Simon-Miller, R. Hueso, G. Bjoraker, A. Mamoutkine, T. del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, J. M. Gomez, R. H. Brown, B. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin. 2011. "Thermal Structure and Dynamics of Saturn’s Northern Springtime Disturbance." Science, 332: 1413-1417.

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, B. Bezard, F. M. Flasar, and A. A. Simon-Miller. 2011. "Evolution of the equatorial oscillation in Saturn’s stratosphere between 2005 and 2010 from Cassini/CIRS limb data analysis 2011." Geophys Res Lett, 38: L09201 [ doi:10.1029/2011GL047192]

    Nixon, C., R. Achterberg, P. Romani, et al. M. Allen, X. Zhang, N. Teanby, P. Irwin, and F. Flasar. 2010. "Abundances of Jupiter's trace hydrocarbons from Voyager and Cassini." Planetary and Space Science, 58 (13): 1667-1680 [10.1016/j.pss.2010.05.008]

    Nixon, C. A., N. A. Teanby, S. B. Calcutt, et al. S. Aslam, D. E. Jennings, V. G. Kunde, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, F. W. Taylor, D. A. Glenar, and M. D. Smith. 2010. "Infrared limb sounding of Titan with the Cassini Composite InfraRed Spectrometer: effects of the mid-IR detector spatial responses: errata." Applied Optics, 49 (29): 5575 [10.1364/ao.49.005575]

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    Abbas, M. M., A. LeClair, T. Owen, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. Bjoraker, D. J. Jennings, G. Orton, and P. N. Romani. 2004. "The Nitrogen Isotopic Ratio in Jupiter’s Atmosphere from Observations by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on theCassiniSpacecraft." The Astrophysical Journal, 602 (2): 1063-1074 [10.1086/381084]

    Flasar, F. M., V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, P. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bezard, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, L. Spilker, R. C. Carlson, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "An Intense Stratospheric Jet on Jupiter." Nature, 427: 132-135 [10.1038/nature02142]

    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. D. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews, 115 (1-4): 169-297 [10.1007/s11214-004-1454-9 ]

    Kliore, A. J., A. Anabtawi, R. G. Herrera, et al. S. W. Asmar, A. F. Nagy, D. P. Hinson, and F. M. Flasar. 2002. "Ionosphere of Callisto from Galileo radio occultation observations." Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (A11): 1407 [10.1029/2002ja009365]

    Simon-Miller, A. A., P. J. Gierasch, R. F. Beebe, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, R. K. Achterberg, and C. Cirs. 2002. "New Observational Results Concerning Jupiter's Great Red Spot." Icarus, 158: 249-266.

    Matcheva, K., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Flasar. 2001. "Interaction of Gravity Waves with Ionospheric Plasma: Implications for Jupiter's Ionosphere." Icarus, 152 (2): 347-365 [10.1006/icar.2001.6631]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 2000. "Correction to “Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor” by D. P. Hinson et al.." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 105 (E1): 1717-1717 [10.1029/1999je900045]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 1999. "Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 104 (E11): 26997-27012 [10.1029/1999je001069]

    Hinson, D. P., A. J. Kliore, F. M. Flasar, et al. J. D. Twicken, P. J. Schinder, and R. G. Herrera. 1998. "Galileo radio occultation measurements of Io's ionosphere and plasma wake." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 103 (A12): 29343-29357 [10.1029/98ja02659]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The dynamic meteorology of Titan." Planetary and Space Science, 46 (9-10): 1125-1147 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00223-7]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The composition of Titans atmosphere : a meteorological perspective." Planetary and Space Science, 46 (9-10): 1109-1124 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00182-7]

    Hinson, D. P., F. M. Flasar, A. J. Kliore, et al. P. J. Schinder, J. D. Twicken, and R. G. Herrera. 1997. "Jupiter's ionosphere: Results from the First Galileo Radio Occultation Experiment." Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (17): 2107-2110 [10.1029/97gl01608]

    Kliore, A. J., D. P. Hinson, F. M. Flasar, A. F. Nagy, and T. E. Cravens. 1997. "The Ionosphere of Europa from Galileo Radio Occultations." Science, 277 (5324): 355-358 [10.1126/science.277.5324.355]

    Achterberg, R. K., and F. Flasar. 1996. "Planetary-Scale Thermal Waves in Saturn's Upper Troposphere." Icarus, 119 (2): 350-369 [10.1006/icar.1996.0024]

    Killen, R., and F. M. Flasar. 1996. "Microwave Sounding of the Giant Planets." Icarus, 119 (1): 67-89 [10.1006/icar.1996.0003]

    Ingersoll, A. P., C. D. Barnet, R. F. Beebe, et al. F. M. Flasar, D. P. Hinson, S. S. Limaye, L. A. Sromovsky, and V. E. Suomi. 1995. "Dynamic Meteorology of Neptune, pp. 613-682, in Neptune and Triton." Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, ISBN: 0-8165-1525-5.

    Kouvaris, L. C., and F. Flasar. 1991. "Phase equilibrium of methane and nitrogen at low temperatures: Application to Titan." Icarus, 91 (1): 112-124 [10.1016/0019-1035(91)90131-c]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, and P. J. Gierasch. 1991. "Thermal structure and dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere from Voyager measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research, 96 (S01): 18931 [10.1029/91ja01859]

    Flasar, F., and B. Conrath. 1990. "Titan's stratospheric temperatures: A case for dynamical inertia?" Icarus, 85 (2): 346-354 [10.1016/0019-1035(90)90122-p]

    Conrath, B., F. M. Flasar, R. Hanel, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, P. Gierasch, A. Weir, B. Bezard, D. Gautier, D. Cruikshank, L. Horn, R. Springer, and W. Shaffer. 1989. "Infrared Observations of the Neptunian System." Science, 246 (4936): 1454-1459 [10.1126/science.246.4936.1454]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, and J. A. Pirraglia. 1987. "Voyager infrared observations of Uranus' atmosphere: Thermal structure and dynamics." Journal of Geophysical Research, 92 (A13): 15011 [10.1029/ja092ia13p15011]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1986. "Mesoscale Waves as a Probe of Jupiter's Deep Atmosphere." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 43 (22): 2683-2707 [10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<2683:mwaapo>2.0.co;2]

    Hanel, R., B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, J. C. Pearl, J. A. Pirraglia, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. J. Gierasch, L. J. Horn, and P. Schulte. 1986. "Infrared Observations of the Uranian System." Science, 233 (4759): 70-74 [10.1126/science.233.4759.70]

    Flasar, F. 1986. "Global dynamics and thermal structure of Jupiter's atmosphere." Icarus, 65 (2-3): 280-303 [10.1016/0019-1035(86)90140-5]

    Hunten, D. M., M. G. Tomasko, F. M. Flasar, et al. R. E. Samuelson, D. F. Strobel, and D. J. Stevenson. 1984. "Titan, pp. 671-759, in Saturn." Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, ISBN: 0-8165-0829-1.

    Flasar, F. M. 1983. "Oceans on Titan?" Science, 221 (4605): 55-57 [10.1126/science.221.4605.55]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1982. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 2." Science, 215 (4532): 544-548 [10.1126/science.215.4532.544]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, J. A. Pirraglia, P. J. Gierasch, and G. E. Hunt. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 2. Visible cloud features." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 86 (A10): 8769-8775 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08769]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, J. A. Pirraglia, et al. P. C. Clark, R. G. French, and P. J. Gierasch. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 1. The great red spot." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 86 (A10): 8759-8767 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08759]

    Flasar, F. M., R. E. Samuelson, and B. J. Conrath. 1981. "Titan's atmosphere: temperature and dynamics." Nature, 292 (5825): 693-698 [10.1038/292693a0]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, L. Herath, M. Allison, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, R. Koppany, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1981. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 1." Science, 212 (4491): 192-200 [10.1126/science.212.4491.192]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. L. Herath, V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 2." Science, 206 (4421): 952-956 [10.1126/science.206.4421.952]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1." Science, 204 (4396): 972-976 [10.1126/science.204.4396.972-a]

    Pollack, J. B., D. S. Colburn, M. Flasar, et al. R. A. Kahn, C. E. Carlston, and D. Pidek. 1979. "Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 84 (B6): 2929 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/JB084iB06p02929]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1978. "Turbulent convection within rapidly rotating superadiabatic fluids with horizontal temperature gradients." Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 10 (1): 175-212 [10.1080/03091927808242636]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. Morrison. 1976. "A spinar model of Cygnus A." The Astrophysical Journal, 204: 352 [10.1086/154179]

    Flasar, F. M., and R. M. Goody. 1976. "Diurnal behaviour of water on mars." Planetary and Space Science, 24 (2): 161-181 [10.1016/0032-0633(76)90103-3]

    Flasar, F. M. 1973. "Gravitational Energy Sources in Jupiter." The Astrophysical Journal, 186: 1097 [10.1086/152574]

    Flasar, F. M., and F. Birch. 1973. "Energetics of core formation: A correction." Journal of Geophysical Research, 78 (26): 6101-6103 [10.1029/jb078i026p06101]

    Brief Bio

    Flasar's primary research is the dynamic meteorology of planetary atmospheres, including those of Mars, the giant planets, and Saturn’s moon Titan. He was a co-investigator on the Voyager infrared spectroscopy experiment (IRIS), a member of the Galileo Radio Propagation team, and a Participating Scientist on the Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science team. Since 1990, he has been a member of the Cassini Radio Science team and an investigator (principal investigator since 2002) on the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer experiment.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, D. Fleischman, and R. K. Achterberg. 2020. "The structure of Titan's atmosphere from Cassini radio occultations: One- and two-way occultations." Icarus 345 113720 [10.1016/j.icarus.2020.113720]

    Nixon, C. A., T. M. Ansty, N. A. Lombardo, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. M. Annex, M. Rice, P. N. Romani, D. E. Jennings, R. E. Samuelson, C. M. Anderson, A. Coustenis, B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, E. Lellouch, R. Courtin, N. A. Teanby, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) Observations of Titan 2004–2017." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 244 (1): 14 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab3799]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, T. K. Greathouse, et al. B. Bézard, A. Jolly, S. Vinatier, N. A. Teanby, M. J. Richter, P. J. G Irwin, A. Coustenis, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Detection of Propadiene on Titan." The Astrophysical Journal 881 (2): L33 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab3860]

    Coustenis, A., D. Jennings, R. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, G. Bampasidis, C. Nixon, and F. Flasar. 2019. "Titan's neutral atmosphere seasonal variations up to the end of the Cassini mission." Icarus (In Press) 113413 [10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113413]

    Jennings, D. E., T. Tokano, V. Cottini, et al. C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, M. E. Segura, N. J. Gorius, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, and A. Coustenis. 2019. "Titan Surface Temperatures during the Cassini Mission." The Astrophysical Journal 877 (1): L8 [10.3847/2041-8213/ab1f91]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, M. Sylvestre, et al. D. E. Jennings, N. Teanby, P. J. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Ethane in Titan’s Stratosphere from Cassini CIRS Far- and Mid-infrared Spectra." The Astronomical Journal 157 (4): 160 [10.3847/1538-3881/ab0e07]

    Lombardo, N. A., C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, et al. A. Jolly, K. Sung, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2019. "Spatial and seasonal variations in C3Hx hydrocarbon abundance in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS observations." Icarus 317 454-469 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.08.027]

    Baines, K. H., F. M. Flasar, N. Krupp, and T. Stallard. 2018. "Saturn in the 21st Century." [10.1017/9781316227220]

    Fletcher, L. N., G. S. Orton, J. A. Sinclair, et al. S. Guerlet, P. L. Read, A. Antuñano, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. Hurley, B. E. Hesman, M. Segura, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, and S. B. Calcutt. 2018. "A hexagon in Saturn’s northern stratosphere surrounding the emerging summertime polar vortex." Nature Communications 9 (1): 3564 [10.1038/s41467-018-06017-3]

    Bauduin, S., P. Irwin, E. Lellouch, et al. V. Cottini, R. Moreno, C. Nixon, N. Teanby, T. Ansty, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Retrieval of H 2 O abundance in Titan’s stratosphere: A (re)analysis of CIRS/Cassini and PACS/Herschel observations." Icarus 311 288-305 [10.1016/j.icarus.2018.04.003]

    Vinatier, S., B. Schmitt, B. Bézard, et al. P. Rannou, C. Dauphin, R. de Kok, D. Jennings, and F. Flasar. 2018. "Study of Titan’s fall southern stratospheric polar cloud composition with Cassini/CIRS: Detection of benzene ice." Icarus 310 89-104 [10.1016/j.icarus.2017.12.040]

    Achterberg, R. K., F. M. Flasar, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. B. E. Hesman, N. J. Gorius, A. A. Mamoutkine, L. N. Fletcher, M. E. Segura, S. G. Edgington, and S. M. Brooks. 2018. "Thermal Emission From Saturn's Polar Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2018gl078157]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, C. A. Nixon, P. Lavvas, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2018. "Seasonal Evolution of Titan's Stratosphere Near the Poles." The Astrophysical Journal 854 (2): L30 [10.3847/2041-8213/aaadbd]

    Guerlet, S., T. Fouchet, A. Spiga, et al. F. M. Flasar, L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, and N. Gorius. 2018. "Equatorial Oscillation and Planetary Wave Activity in Saturn's Stratosphere Through the Cassini Epoch." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 123 (1): 246-261 [10.1002/2017je005419]

    Teanby, N. A., B. Bézard, S. Vinatier, et al. M. Sylvestre, C. A. Nixon, P. G. Irwin, R. J. de Kok, S. B. Calcutt, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "The formation and evolution of Titan’s winter polar vortex." Nature Communications 8 (1): 1586 [10.1038/s41467-017-01839-z]

    Fletcher, L. N., S. Guerlet, G. S. Orton, et al. R. G. Cosentino, T. Fouchet, P. G. Irwin, L. Li, F. M. Flasar, N. Gorius, and R. Morales-Juberías. 2017. "Disruption of Saturn’s quasi-periodic equatorial oscillation by the great northern storm." Nature Astronomy 1 (11): 765-770 [10.1038/s41550-017-0271-5]

    Pierel, J. D., C. A. Nixon, E. Lellouch, et al. L. N. Fletcher, G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, B. Bézard, B. E. Hesman, P. G. Irwin, and F. M. Flasar. 2017. "D/H Ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS." The Astronomical Journal 154 (5): 178 [10.3847/1538-3881/aa899d]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini: publisher’s note." Applied Optics 56 (21): 5897 [10.1364/ao.56.005897]

    Jennings, D. E., F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, et al. C. A. Nixon, M. E. Segura, P. N. Romani, N. Gorius, S. Albright, J. C. Brasunas, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, S. Aslam, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, B. E. Hesman, R. D. Barney, S. Calcutt, T. J. Vellacott, L. J. Spilker, S. G. Edgington, S. M. Brooks, P. Ade, P. J. Schinder, A. Coustenis, R. Courtin, G. Michel, R. Fettig, S. Pilorz, and C. Ferrari. 2017. "Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini." Applied Optics 56 (18): 5274 [10.1364/ao.56.005274]

    Coustenis, A., D. E. Jennings, R. K. Achterberg, et al. G. Bampasidis, P. Lavvas, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, C. M. Anderson, V. Cottini, and F. M. Flasar. 2016. "Titan’s temporal evolution in stratospheric trace gases near the poles." Icarus 270 409-420 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.027]

    Jennings, D. E., V. Cottini, C. A. Nixon, et al. R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, P. N. Romani, R. E. Samuelson, A. Mamoutkine, N. J. Gorius, A. Coustenis, and T. Tokano. 2016. "SURFACE TEMPERATURES ON TITAN DURING NORTHERN WINTER AND SPRING." The Astrophysical Journal 816 (1): L17 [10.3847/2041-8205/816/1/l17]

    Fletcher, L. N., P. Irwin, R. Achterberg, G. Orton, and F. Flasar. 2016. "Seasonal variability of Saturn’s tropospheric temperatures, winds and para-H 2 from Cassini far-IR spectroscopy." Icarus 264 137-159 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.009]

    Sylvestre, M., S. Guerlet, T. Fouchet, et al. A. Spiga, F. Flasar, B. Hesman, and G. Bjoraker. 2015. "Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from Cassini/CIRS limb observations." Icarus 258 224-238 [10.1016/j.icarus.2015.05.025]

    Schinder, P. J., F. M. Flasar, E. A. Marouf, et al. R. G. French, A. Anabtawi, E. Barbinis, and A. J. Kliore. 2015. "A numerical technique for two-way radio occultations by oblate axisymmetric atmospheres with zonal winds." Radio Science 50 (7): 712-727 [10.1002/2015rs005690]

    Jennings, D. E., R. K. Achterberg, V. Cottini, et al. C. M. Anderson, F. M. Flasar, C. A. Nixon, G. L. Bjoraker, V. G. Kunde, R. C. Carlson, E. Guandique, M. S. Kaelberer, J. S. Tingley, S. A. Albright, M. E. Segura, R. D. Kok, A. Coustenis, S. Vinatier, G. Bampasidis, N. A. Teanby, and S. Calcutt. 2015. "EVOLUTION OF THE FAR-INFRARED CLOUD AT TITAN’S SOUTH POLE." The Astrophysical Journal 804 (2): L34 [10.1088/2041-8205/804/2/l34]

    Chan, C., S. Albright, N. Gorius, et al. J. Brasunas, D. Jennings, F. M. Flasar, R. Carlson, E. Guandique, and C. Nixon. 2015. "Electrical interferences observed in the Cassini CIRS spectrometer." Experimental Astronomy 39 (2): 367-386 [10.1007/s10686-015-9452-3]

    Li, L., X. Jiang, H. J. Trammell, et al. Y. Pan, J. Hernandez, B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, F. M. Flasar, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. A. West, K. H. Baines, and B. Knowles. 2015. "Saturn's giant storm and global radiant energy." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (7): 2144-2148 [10.1002/2015gl063763]

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, S. Lebonnois, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, N. Gorius, A. Mamoutkine, E. Guandique, A. Jolly, D. E. Jennings, and F. M. Flasar. 2015. "Seasonal variations in Titan’s middle atmosphere during the northern spring derived from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 250 95-115 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.11.019]

    Anderson, C., R. Samuelson, R. Achterberg, J. Barnes, and F. Flasar. 2014. "Subsidence-induced methane clouds in Titan’s winter polar stratosphere and upper troposphere." Icarus 243 129-138 [10.1016/j.icarus.2014.09.007]

    Achterberg, R. K., P. J. Gierasch, B. J. Conrath, et al. L. N. Fletcher, B. E. Hesman, G. L. Bjoraker, and F. M. Flasar. 2014. "CHANGES TO SATURN'S ZONAL-MEAN TROPOSPHERIC THERMAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE 2010-2011 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE STORM." The Astrophysical Journal 786 (2): 92 [10.1088/0004-637x/786/2/92]

    Lellouch, E., B. Bézard, F. Flasar, et al. S. Vinatier, R. Achterberg, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, and N. Gorius. 2014. "The distribution of methane in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini/CIRS observations." Icarus 231 323-337 [10.1016/j.icarus.2013.12.016]

    Lebonnois, S., F. M. Flasar, T. Tokano, and C. E. Newman. 2014. "The general circulation of Titan's lower and middle atmosphere, Ch. 4 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment."

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, and P. J. Schinder. 2014. "Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere, Ch. 3 in Titan: Interior, Surface, Atmosphere, and Space Environment."

    Coustenis, A., G. Bampasidis, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Lavvas, D. E. Jennings, C. A. Nixon, N. A. Teanby, S. Vinatier, F. M. Flasar, R. C. Carlson, G. Orton, P. N. Romani, E. A. Guandique, and S. Stamogiorgos. 2013. "EVOLUTION OF THE STRATOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OVER ONE TITANIAN YEAR." The Astrophysical Journal 779 (2): 177 [10.1088/0004-637x/779/2/177]

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    Simon-Miller, A. A., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. G. S. Orton, R. K. Achterberg, F. M. Flasar, and B. Fisher. 2006. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Temperatures: from Voyager IRIS to Cassini CIRS." Icarus 180 98-112.

    Matcheva, K., B. Conrath, P. Gierasch, and F. Flasar. 2005. "The cloud structure of the jovian atmosphere as seen by the Cassini/CIRS experiment." Icarus 179 (2): 432-448 [10.1016/j.icarus.2005.06.020]

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    Kliore, A. J., J. D. Anderson, J. W. Armstrong, et al. S. W. Asmar, C. L. Hamilton, N. J. Rappaport, H. D. Wahlquist, R. Ambrosini, F. M. Flasar, R. G. French, L. Iess, E. A. Marouf, and A. F. Nagy. 2004. "Cassini Radio Science." Space Science Reviews 115 (1-4): 1-70 [10.1007/s11214-004-1436-y]

    Irwin, P., P. Parrish, T. Fouchet, et al. S. Calcutt, F. Taylor, A. Simon-Miller, C. Nixon, and F. M. Flasar. 2004. "Retrievals of Jovian tropospheric phosphine from Cassini/CIRS." Icarus 172 (1): 37-49 [10.1016/j.icarus.2003.09.027 ]

    Kunde, V., F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, et al. B. Bezard, D. Strobel, B. Conrath, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, P. Romani, R. Achterberg, A. Simon-Miller, P. Irwin, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, P. Gierasch, L. Spilker, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment." Science 305 (5690): 1582-1586. [10.1126/science.1100240]

    Wong, M. H., G. L. Bjoraker, M. D. Smith, F. Flasar, and C. A. Nixon. 2004. "Identification of the 10-μm ammonia ice feature on Jupiter." Planetary and Space Science 52 (5-6): 385-395 [10.1016/j.pss.2003.06.005]

    Abbas, M. M., A. LeClair, T. Owen, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, R. K. Achterberg, G. Bjoraker, D. J. Jennings, G. Orton, and P. N. Romani. 2004. "The Nitrogen Isotopic Ratio in Jupiter’s Atmosphere from Observations by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on theCassiniSpacecraft." The Astrophysical Journal 602 (2): 1063-1074 [10.1086/381084]

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    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. D. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews 115 (1-4): 169-297 [10.1007/s11214-004-1454-9 ]

    Kliore, A. J., A. Anabtawi, R. G. Herrera, et al. S. W. Asmar, A. F. Nagy, D. P. Hinson, and F. M. Flasar. 2002. "Ionosphere of Callisto from Galileo radio occultation observations." Journal of Geophysical Research 107 (A11): 1407 [10.1029/2002ja009365]

    Simon-Miller, A. A., P. J. Gierasch, R. F. Beebe, et al. B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, R. K. Achterberg, and C. Cirs. 2002. "New Observational Results Concerning Jupiter's Great Red Spot." Icarus 158 249-266

    Matcheva, K., D. F. Strobel, and F. M. Flasar. 2001. "Interaction of Gravity Waves with Ionospheric Plasma: Implications for Jupiter's Ionosphere." Icarus 152 (2): 347-365 [10.1006/icar.2001.6631]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 2000. "Correction to “Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor” by D. P. Hinson et al.." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 105 (E1): 1717-1717 [10.1029/1999je900045]

    Hinson, D. P., R. A. Simpson, J. D. Twicken, G. L. Tyler, and F. M. Flasar. 1999. "Initial results from radio occultation measurements with Mars Global Surveyor." Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 104 (E11): 26997-27012 [10.1029/1999je001069]

    Hinson, D. P., A. J. Kliore, F. M. Flasar, et al. J. D. Twicken, P. J. Schinder, and R. G. Herrera. 1998. "Galileo radio occultation measurements of Io's ionosphere and plasma wake." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 103 (A12): 29343-29357 [10.1029/98ja02659]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The dynamic meteorology of Titan." Planetary and Space Science 46 (9-10): 1125-1147 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00223-7]

    Flasar, F. 1998. "The composition of Titans atmosphere : a meteorological perspective." Planetary and Space Science 46 (9-10): 1109-1124 [10.1016/s0032-0633(97)00182-7]

    Hinson, D. P., F. M. Flasar, A. J. Kliore, et al. P. J. Schinder, J. D. Twicken, and R. G. Herrera. 1997. "Jupiter's ionosphere: Results from the First Galileo Radio Occultation Experiment." Geophysical Research Letters 24 (17): 2107-2110 [10.1029/97gl01608]

    Kliore, A. J., D. P. Hinson, F. M. Flasar, A. F. Nagy, and T. E. Cravens. 1997. "The Ionosphere of Europa from Galileo Radio Occultations." Science 277 (5324): 355-358 [10.1126/science.277.5324.355]

    Achterberg, R. K., and F. Flasar. 1996. "Planetary-Scale Thermal Waves in Saturn's Upper Troposphere." Icarus 119 (2): 350-369 [10.1006/icar.1996.0024]

    Killen, R., and F. M. Flasar. 1996. "Microwave Sounding of the Giant Planets." Icarus 119 (1): 67-89 [10.1006/icar.1996.0003]

    Ingersoll, A. P., C. D. Barnet, R. F. Beebe, et al. F. M. Flasar, D. P. Hinson, S. S. Limaye, L. A. Sromovsky, and V. E. Suomi. 1995. "Dynamic Meteorology of Neptune, pp. 613-682, in Neptune and Triton."

    Kouvaris, L. C., and F. Flasar. 1991. "Phase equilibrium of methane and nitrogen at low temperatures: Application to Titan." Icarus 91 (1): 112-124 [10.1016/0019-1035(91)90131-c]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, and P. J. Gierasch. 1991. "Thermal structure and dynamics of Neptune's atmosphere from Voyager measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research 96 (S01): 18931 [10.1029/91ja01859]

    Flasar, F., and B. Conrath. 1990. "Titan's stratospheric temperatures: A case for dynamical inertia?" Icarus 85 (2): 346-354 [10.1016/0019-1035(90)90122-p]

    Conrath, B., F. M. Flasar, R. Hanel, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, P. Gierasch, A. Weir, B. Bezard, D. Gautier, D. Cruikshank, L. Horn, R. Springer, and W. Shaffer. 1989. "Infrared Observations of the Neptunian System." Science 246 (4936): 1454-1459 [10.1126/science.246.4936.1454]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, and J. A. Pirraglia. 1987. "Voyager infrared observations of Uranus' atmosphere: Thermal structure and dynamics." Journal of Geophysical Research 92 (A13): 15011 [10.1029/ja092ia13p15011]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1986. "Mesoscale Waves as a Probe of Jupiter's Deep Atmosphere." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 43 (22): 2683-2707 [10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<2683:mwaapo>2.0.co;2]

    Hanel, R., B. J. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. G. Kunde, W. C. Maguire, J. C. Pearl, J. A. Pirraglia, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. J. Gierasch, L. J. Horn, and P. Schulte. 1986. "Infrared Observations of the Uranian System." Science 233 (4759): 70-74 [10.1126/science.233.4759.70]

    Flasar, F. 1986. "Global dynamics and thermal structure of Jupiter's atmosphere." Icarus 65 (2-3): 280-303 [10.1016/0019-1035(86)90140-5]

    Hunten, D. M., M. G. Tomasko, F. M. Flasar, et al. R. E. Samuelson, D. F. Strobel, and D. J. Stevenson. 1984. "Titan, pp. 671-759, in Saturn."

    Flasar, F. M. 1983. "Oceans on Titan?" Science 221 (4605): 55-57 [10.1126/science.221.4605.55]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1982. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 2." Science 215 (4532): 544-548 [10.1126/science.215.4532.544]

    Conrath, B. J., F. M. Flasar, J. A. Pirraglia, P. J. Gierasch, and G. E. Hunt. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 2. Visible cloud features." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 86 (A10): 8769-8775 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08769]

    Flasar, F. M., B. J. Conrath, J. A. Pirraglia, et al. P. C. Clark, R. G. French, and P. J. Gierasch. 1981. "Thermal structure and dynamics of the Jovian atmosphere 1. The great red spot." Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 86 (A10): 8759-8767 [10.1029/ja086ia10p08759]

    Flasar, F. M., R. E. Samuelson, and B. J. Conrath. 1981. "Titan's atmosphere: temperature and dynamics." Nature 292 (5825): 693-698 [10.1038/292693a0]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, L. Herath, M. Allison, D. Cruikshank, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, R. Koppany, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1981. "Infrared Observations of the Saturnian System from Voyager 1." Science 212 (4491): 192-200 [10.1126/science.212.4491.192]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. L. Herath, V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, L. Horn, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 2." Science 206 (4421): 952-956 [10.1126/science.206.4421.952]

    Hanel, R., B. Conrath, M. Flasar, et al. V. Kunde, P. Lowman, W. Maguire, J. Pearl, J. Pirraglia, R. Samuelson, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, S. Kumar, and C. Ponnamperuma. 1979. "Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1." Science 204 (4396): 972-976 [10.1126/science.204.4396.972-a]

    Pollack, J. B., D. S. Colburn, M. Flasar, et al. R. A. Kahn, C. E. Carlston, and D. Pidek. 1979. "Properties and effects of dust particles suspended in the Martian atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 84 (B6): 2929 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/JB084iB06p02929]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. J. Gierasch. 1978. "Turbulent convection within rapidly rotating superadiabatic fluids with horizontal temperature gradients." Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics 10 (1): 175-212 [10.1080/03091927808242636]

    Flasar, F. M., and P. Morrison. 1976. "A spinar model of Cygnus A." The Astrophysical Journal 204 352 [10.1086/154179]

    Flasar, F. M., and R. M. Goody. 1976. "Diurnal behaviour of water on mars." Planetary and Space Science 24 (2): 161-181 [10.1016/0032-0633(76)90103-3]

    Flasar, F. M. 1973. "Gravitational Energy Sources in Jupiter." The Astrophysical Journal 186 1097 [10.1086/152574]

    Flasar, F. M., and F. Birch. 1973. "Energetics of core formation: A correction." Journal of Geophysical Research 78 (26): 6101-6103 [10.1029/jb078i026p06101]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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