Eli Dwek

Eli Dwek

  • (AST,STELLAR,GALACTIC,EXTRAGALACTIC)
  • 301.286.6209 | 301.286.1753
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 665
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    1983 - present Astrophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight center, Greenbelt, MD.
    1981-1983 National Academy of Sciences, NRC Resident Research Associate at NASA /GSFC
    1979-1981 Research Fellow, Astronomy Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.
    1977-1979 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Caltech, Pasadena, CA.

     

    Education

    1977 - Ph. D. Space Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX.
    Thesis adviser: Prof. Donald D. Clayton
    Title: "Nucleosynthesis of Light Elements in Young Supernova Remnants
    Surrounding Pulsars"

    1975 - M. Sc. Space Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX.
    1973 - M. Sc. Physics (with distinction), The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
    1970 - B. Sc. Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

    Research Interests

    Cosmology

    Cosmic chemical evolution. The extragalactic background light, and the TeV opacity of the gamma-ray universe. The interrelations between the radio, X-ray, optical, and cosmic neutrino backgrounds. The contribution of primordial stars to the extragalactic background light.

    Galaxy Evolution

    The evolutions of the stellar population, metallicity, and abundance of dust in the Milky Way, in local galaxies, and in dusty galaxies in the high-redshift universe

    Interstellar Medium

    The chemical evolution of the Milky Way. The nature, origin, and evolution of the dust generating the observed interstellar extinction, diffuse IR emission, scattered sunlight, elemental depletions, and X-ray haloes in the MW. Reprocessing of dust in the ISM accretion and coagulation.

    Supernovae and Supernova Remnants

    The formation of dust in supernovae and their circumstellar media. Analysis of dust formation,  heating, cooling, and grain destruction processes in supernova ejecta and the shocked interstellar medium. The evolution of supernovae light curves. Echoes from line and continuum emission from supernovae. 

    Solar System

    The nature and origin of the infrared emission from the interplanetary dust cloud

    Awards

    2013 - Robert H. Goddard Exceptional Achievement Award for Science
    2013 - Fellowship in the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    2007 - Excellent Achievements Award - NASA/GSFC 
    2006 - Peter Gruber Foundation Prize in Cosmology  as member of the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) Science Team

    2006 - The Swedish National Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics to Drs. John Mather and George Smoot, for their discovery of the shape and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation made with the  COBE satellite. 
    2006 - Special Act Award "For theoretical investigations of the contribution of primordial stars to the near-infrared background radiation."
    1995 - Outstanding Achievement Award 
    1994 - Outstanding Achievement Award 
    1990 - Excellence Achievement Award 
    1989 - Group Achievement Award for KAO observations of SN1987A 
    1989 - Group Achievement Award for the COBE Science Team

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Dwek, E., R. Arendt, O. Fox, et al. P. Kelly, N. Smith, S. Van Dyk, A. Filippenko, J. Andrews, and I. Shivvers. 2017. "Constraints on the Progenitor of SN 2010jl and Pre-existing Hot Dust in its Surrounding Medium." The Astrophysical Journal, 847: 91 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa8665]

    Arendt, R. G., E. Dwek, P. Bouchet, et al. I. J. Danziger, K. A. Frank, R. D. Gehrz, S. Park, and C. E. Woodward. 2016. "Infrared Continuum and Line Evolution Of The Equatorial Ring Around SN 1987A." The Astronomical Journal, 151 (3): 62 [10.3847/0004-6256/151/3/62]

    Dwek, E., and R. Arendt. 2015. "The evolution of dust mass in the ejecta of SN1987A." The Astrophysical Journal, 810 (1): 75 [10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/75]

    Dwek, E., and F. Krennrich. 2013. "The Extragalactic Background Light and the Gamma-Ray Opacity of the Universe – 2013, , 43, 112, Eli Dwek, & Frank Krennrich." Astroparticle Physics, 43: 112.

    Cherchneff, I., and E. Dwek. 2010. "The Chemistry of Population III Supernova Ejecta II The Nucleation of Molecular Clusters as a Diagnostic for Dust in the Early Universe." The Astrophysical Journal, 713: 1 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/713/1/1]

    Arendt, R. G., E. Dwek, W. P. Blair, et al. P. Ghavamian, U. Hwang, K. S. Long, R. Petre, J. Rho, and P. F. Winkler. 2010. "Spitzer Observations of Dust Destruction in the Puppis A Supernova Remnant." The Astrophysical Journal, 725: 585 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/725/1/585]

    Fox, O. D., R. A. Chevalier, E. Dwek, et al. M. F. Skrutskie, B. E. Sugerman, and J. M. Leisenring. 2010. "Disentangling the Origin and Heating Mechanism of Supernova Dust: Late-time Spitzer Spectroscopy of the Type IIn SN 2005ip." The Astrophysical Journal, 725: 1768 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/725/2/1768]

    Valencic, L. A., R. K. Smith, E. Dwek, D. Graessle, and T. M. Dame. 2009. "Examining Dust Grain Models Using the Reddening and X-Ray Dust Halo of Terzan 2." The Astrophysical Journal, 692: 502 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/692/1/502]

    Horiuchi, S., J. F. Beacom, and E. Dwek. 2009. "Diffuse supernova neutrino background is detectable in Super-Kamiokande." Physical Review D, vol 79, Issue 8, id 083013, 79: 83013 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1103/PhysRevD.79.083013]

    Cherchneff, I., and E. Dwek. 2009. "The Chemistry of Population III Supernova Ejecta I Formation of Molecules in the Early Universe." The Astrophysical Journal, 703: 642 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/703/1/642]

    Galliano, F., E. Dwek, and P. Chanial. 2008. "Stellar Evolutionary Effects on the Abundances of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Supernova-Condensed Dust in Galaxies." The Astrophysical Journal, 672: 214 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/523621]

    Dwek, E., R. G. Arendt, P. Bouchet, et al. D. N. Burrows, P. Challis, I. J. Danziger, J. M. De Buizer, R. D. Gehrz, R. P. Kirshner, R. McCray, S. Park, E. F. Polomski, and C. E. Woodward. 2008. "Infrared and X-Ray Evidence for Circumstellar Grain Destruction by the Blast Wave of Supernova 1987A." The Astrophysical Journal, 676: 1029 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/529038]

    Dwek, E., and R. G. Arendt. 2008. "Infrared Echoes Reveal the Shock Breakout of the Cas A Supernova." The Astrophysical Journal, 685: 976 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/589988]

    Krennrich, F., E. Dwek, and A. Imran. 2008. "Constraints on Energy Spectra of Blazars based on Recent EBL Limits from Galaxy Counts." The Astrophysical Journal, 689: L93 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/595960]

    Staguhn, J., C. Allen, D. Benford, et al. E. Sharp, T. Ames, R. Arendt, D. Chuss, E. Dwek, A. Kovacs, S. Maher, C. Marx, T. Miller, S. H. Moseley, S. Navarro, A. Sievers, G. Voellmer, and E. Wollack. 2008. "GISMO, a 2 mm Bolometer Camera Optimized for the Study of High Redshift Galaxies." Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 151: 709 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s10909-008-9733-6]

    Dwek, E., F. Galliano, and A. P. Jones. 2007. "The Evolution of Dust in the Early Universe with Applications to the Galaxy SDSS J1148+5251." The Astrophysical Journal, 662: 927 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518430]

    Odegard, N., R. G. Arendt, E. Dwek, et al. L. M. Haffner, M. G. Hauser, and R. J. Reynolds. 2007. "Determination of the Far-Infrared Cosmic Background Using COBE DIRBE and WHAM Data." The Astrophysical Journal, 667: 11 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/520079]

    Nozawa, T., T. Kozasa, A. Habe, et al. E. Dwek, H. Umeda, N. Tominaga, K. Maeda, and K. Nomoto. 2007. "Evolution of Dust in Primordial Supernova Remnants: Can Dust Grains Formed in the Ejecta Survive and Be Injected into the Early Interstellar Medium?" The Astrophysical Journal, 666: 955 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/520621]

    Bouchet, P., E. Dwek, J. Danziger, et al. R. G. Arendt, I. J. De Buizer, S. Park, N. B. Suntzeff, R. P. Kirshner, and P. Challis. 2006. "SN 1987A after 18 Years: Mid-Infrared Gemini and Spitzer Observations of the Remnant." The Astrophysical Journal, 650: 212 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/505929]

    Dwek, E., and F. Krennrich. 2005. "Simultaneous Constraints on the Spectrum of the Extragalactic Background Light and the Intrinsic TeV Spectra of Markarian 421, Markarian 501, and H1426+428." The Astrophysical Journal, 618: 657 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/426010]

    Dwek, E., R. G. Arendt, and F. Krennrich. 2005. "The Near-Infrared Background: Interplanetary Dust or Primordial Stars?" The Astrophysical Journal, 635: 784 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/497569]

    Dwek, E., F. Krennrich, and R. G. Arendt. 2005. "Is There an Imprint of Primordial Stars in the TeV ?-Ray Spectrum of Blazars?" The Astrophysical Journal, 634: 155 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/462400]

    Dwek, E. 2004. "The Detection of Cold Dust in Cassiopeia A: Evidence for the Formation of Metallic Needles in the Ejecta." The Astrophysical Journal, 607: 848 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/382653]

    Dwek, E. 2004. "Galactic Center Extinction: Evidence of Metallic Needles in the General Interstellar Medium." The Astrophysical Journal, 611: L109 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/423893]

    Zubko, V., E. Dwek, and R. G. Arendt. 2004. "Interstellar Dust Models Consistent with Extinction, Emission, and Abundance Constraints." Astrophys J Suppl S, 152 (2): 211-249 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/382351]

    Arendt, R. G., and E. Dwek. 2003. "An Empirical Decomposition of Near-Infrared Emission into Galactic and Extragalactic Components." The Astrophysical Journal, 585: 305 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/345983]

    Fixsen, D. J., and E. Dwek. 2002. "The Zodiacal Emission Spectrum as Determined by COBE and Its Implications." The Astrophysical Journal, 578: 1009 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/342658]

    Dwek, E., and M. K. Barker. 2002. "The Cosmic Radio and Infrared Backgrounds Connection." The Astrophysical Journal, 575: 7 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/341143]

    Witt, A. N., R. K. Smith, and E. Dwek. 2001. "X-Ray Halos and Large Grains in the Diffuse Interstellar Medium." The Astrophysical Journal, 550: L201 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/319630]

    Dwek, E., M. Fioc, and F. Varosi. 2000. "The Effect of Dust Evolution on the Spectral Energy Distribution of Galaxies." ISO Surveys of a Dusty Universe, Proceedings of a Ringberg Workshop Held at Ringberg Castle, Tegernsee, Germany, 8-12 November 1999, Edited by D Lemke, M Stickel, and K Wilke, Lecture Notes in Physics, vol 548, p157, 548: 157 [Full Text (Link)]

    Brief Bio

    1983 - present Astrophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight center, Greenbelt, MD.
    1981-1983 National Academy of Sciences, NRC Resident Research Associate at NASA /GSFC
    1979-1981 Research Fellow, Astronomy Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.
    1977-1979 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Caltech, Pasadena, CA.

     

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Dwek, E., R. Arendt, O. Fox, et al. P. Kelly, N. Smith, S. Van Dyk, A. Filippenko, J. Andrews, and I. Shivvers. 2017. "Constraints on the Progenitor of SN 2010jl and Pre-existing Hot Dust in its Surrounding Medium." The Astrophysical Journal 847 91 [10.3847/1538-4357/aa8665]

    Arendt, R. G., E. Dwek, P. Bouchet, et al. I. J. Danziger, K. A. Frank, R. D. Gehrz, S. Park, and C. E. Woodward. 2016. "Infrared Continuum and Line Evolution Of The Equatorial Ring Around SN 1987A." The Astronomical Journal 151 (3): 62 [10.3847/0004-6256/151/3/62]

    Dwek, E., and R. Arendt. 2015. "The evolution of dust mass in the ejecta of SN1987A." The Astrophysical Journal 810 (1): 75 [10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/75]

    Dwek, E., and F. Krennrich. 2013. "The Extragalactic Background Light and the Gamma-Ray Opacity of the Universe – 2013, , 43, 112, Eli Dwek, & Frank Krennrich." Astroparticle Physics 43 112

    Cherchneff, I., and E. Dwek. 2010. "The Chemistry of Population III Supernova Ejecta II The Nucleation of Molecular Clusters as a Diagnostic for Dust in the Early Universe." The Astrophysical Journal 713 1 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/713/1/1]

    Arendt, R. G., E. Dwek, W. P. Blair, et al. P. Ghavamian, U. Hwang, K. S. Long, R. Petre, J. Rho, and P. F. Winkler. 2010. "Spitzer Observations of Dust Destruction in the Puppis A Supernova Remnant." The Astrophysical Journal 725 585 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/725/1/585]

    Fox, O. D., R. A. Chevalier, E. Dwek, et al. M. F. Skrutskie, B. E. Sugerman, and J. M. Leisenring. 2010. "Disentangling the Origin and Heating Mechanism of Supernova Dust: Late-time Spitzer Spectroscopy of the Type IIn SN 2005ip." The Astrophysical Journal 725 1768 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/725/2/1768]

    Valencic, L. A., R. K. Smith, E. Dwek, D. Graessle, and T. M. Dame. 2009. "Examining Dust Grain Models Using the Reddening and X-Ray Dust Halo of Terzan 2." The Astrophysical Journal 692 502 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/692/1/502]

    Horiuchi, S., J. F. Beacom, and E. Dwek. 2009. "Diffuse supernova neutrino background is detectable in Super-Kamiokande." Physical Review D, vol 79, Issue 8, id 083013 79 83013 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1103/PhysRevD.79.083013]

    Cherchneff, I., and E. Dwek. 2009. "The Chemistry of Population III Supernova Ejecta I Formation of Molecules in the Early Universe." The Astrophysical Journal 703 642 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1088/0004-637X/703/1/642]

    Galliano, F., E. Dwek, and P. Chanial. 2008. "Stellar Evolutionary Effects on the Abundances of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Supernova-Condensed Dust in Galaxies." The Astrophysical Journal 672 214 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/523621]

    Dwek, E., R. G. Arendt, P. Bouchet, et al. D. N. Burrows, P. Challis, I. J. Danziger, J. M. De Buizer, R. D. Gehrz, R. P. Kirshner, R. McCray, S. Park, E. F. Polomski, and C. E. Woodward. 2008. "Infrared and X-Ray Evidence for Circumstellar Grain Destruction by the Blast Wave of Supernova 1987A." The Astrophysical Journal 676 1029 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/529038]

    Dwek, E., and R. G. Arendt. 2008. "Infrared Echoes Reveal the Shock Breakout of the Cas A Supernova." The Astrophysical Journal 685 976 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/589988]

    Krennrich, F., E. Dwek, and A. Imran. 2008. "Constraints on Energy Spectra of Blazars based on Recent EBL Limits from Galaxy Counts." The Astrophysical Journal 689 L93 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/595960]

    Staguhn, J., C. Allen, D. Benford, et al. E. Sharp, T. Ames, R. Arendt, D. Chuss, E. Dwek, A. Kovacs, S. Maher, C. Marx, T. Miller, S. H. Moseley, S. Navarro, A. Sievers, G. Voellmer, and E. Wollack. 2008. "GISMO, a 2 mm Bolometer Camera Optimized for the Study of High Redshift Galaxies." Journal of Low Temperature Physics 151 709 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s10909-008-9733-6]

    Dwek, E., F. Galliano, and A. P. Jones. 2007. "The Evolution of Dust in the Early Universe with Applications to the Galaxy SDSS J1148+5251." The Astrophysical Journal 662 927 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/518430]

    Odegard, N., R. G. Arendt, E. Dwek, et al. L. M. Haffner, M. G. Hauser, and R. J. Reynolds. 2007. "Determination of the Far-Infrared Cosmic Background Using COBE DIRBE and WHAM Data." The Astrophysical Journal 667 11 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/520079]

    Nozawa, T., T. Kozasa, A. Habe, et al. E. Dwek, H. Umeda, N. Tominaga, K. Maeda, and K. Nomoto. 2007. "Evolution of Dust in Primordial Supernova Remnants: Can Dust Grains Formed in the Ejecta Survive and Be Injected into the Early Interstellar Medium?" The Astrophysical Journal 666 955 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/520621]

    Bouchet, P., E. Dwek, J. Danziger, et al. R. G. Arendt, I. J. De Buizer, S. Park, N. B. Suntzeff, R. P. Kirshner, and P. Challis. 2006. "SN 1987A after 18 Years: Mid-Infrared Gemini and Spitzer Observations of the Remnant." The Astrophysical Journal 650 212 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/505929]

    Dwek, E., and F. Krennrich. 2005. "Simultaneous Constraints on the Spectrum of the Extragalactic Background Light and the Intrinsic TeV Spectra of Markarian 421, Markarian 501, and H1426+428." The Astrophysical Journal 618 657 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/426010]

    Dwek, E., R. G. Arendt, and F. Krennrich. 2005. "The Near-Infrared Background: Interplanetary Dust or Primordial Stars?" The Astrophysical Journal 635 784 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/497569]

    Dwek, E., F. Krennrich, and R. G. Arendt. 2005. "Is There an Imprint of Primordial Stars in the TeV ?-Ray Spectrum of Blazars?" The Astrophysical Journal 634 155 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/462400]

    Dwek, E. 2004. "The Detection of Cold Dust in Cassiopeia A: Evidence for the Formation of Metallic Needles in the Ejecta." The Astrophysical Journal 607 848 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/382653]

    Dwek, E. 2004. "Galactic Center Extinction: Evidence of Metallic Needles in the General Interstellar Medium." The Astrophysical Journal 611 L109 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/423893]

    Zubko, V., E. Dwek, and R. G. Arendt. 2004. "Interstellar Dust Models Consistent with Extinction, Emission, and Abundance Constraints." Astrophys J Suppl S 152 (2): 211-249 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/382351]

    Arendt, R. G., and E. Dwek. 2003. "An Empirical Decomposition of Near-Infrared Emission into Galactic and Extragalactic Components." The Astrophysical Journal 585 305 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/345983]

    Fixsen, D. J., and E. Dwek. 2002. "The Zodiacal Emission Spectrum as Determined by COBE and Its Implications." The Astrophysical Journal 578 1009 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/342658]

    Dwek, E., and M. K. Barker. 2002. "The Cosmic Radio and Infrared Backgrounds Connection." The Astrophysical Journal 575 7 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/341143]

    Witt, A. N., R. K. Smith, and E. Dwek. 2001. "X-Ray Halos and Large Grains in the Diffuse Interstellar Medium." The Astrophysical Journal 550 L201 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1086/319630]

    Dwek, E., M. Fioc, and F. Varosi. 2000. "The Effect of Dust Evolution on the Spectral Energy Distribution of Galaxies." ISO Surveys of a Dusty Universe, Proceedings of a Ringberg Workshop Held at Ringberg Castle, Tegernsee, Germany, 8-12 November 1999, Edited by D Lemke, M Stickel, and K Wilke, Lecture Notes in Physics, vol 548, p157 548 157 [Full Text (Link)]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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