Dr. David N Whiteman

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Dr. David N Whiteman

  • EMERITUS
  • 301.614.6703
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 612
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Brief Bio

    Dr. Whiteman received his B. A. in Physics cum laude from Williams College in 1979. Shortly thereafter, he joined NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. In 1980, he began working with Dr. S. Harvey Melfi, one of the pioneers of atmospheric measurements using Raman lidar. Together in 1985 they demonstrated the first meteorologically useful measurements of the evolution of water vapor in the troposphere using Raman Lidar. At NASA, Dr. Whiteman has worked in the design, implementation, field deployment and analysis of lidar systems for atmospheric measurements including the first mobile stratospheric ozone lidar system (STROZ-LITE), several versions of water vapor Raman lidars including the Scanning Raman Lidar, Raman Airborne Spectroscopic Lidar and ALVICE systems. He has successfully deployed lidar systems and various other atmospheric instrumentation to more than 25 field experiments in the United States and the Bahamas. He has developed new lidar remote sensing techniques including ones for retrieving both warm and cold cloud physical properties using Raman lidar. In 2000, Dr. Whiteman received his PhD in physics from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County with research entitled "Investigation of cloud properties using a Raman Lidar". He was awarded the 2001 Allen Prize by the Optical Society of America, has been a member of the American Meteorological Society's Committee on Laser Atmospheric Sensing, was the chairman of the first International Raman Lidar Techniques Workshop held at NASA/GSFC in 2004, served on the international organizing committees of the 4th, 5th and 6th Latin American Lidar Workshops held in Ilha Bella, Brazil, Buenos Aires, Argentina and La Paz, Bolivia, is a member of the GCOS Working Group on Atmospheric Reference Observations and co-chair the GCOS Reference Upper Air Network Task Team investigating measurement needs for GRUAN. He organized and chaired the NDACC Raman water vapor calibration workshop held in Greenbelt, MD in May, 2010. He is the sole US representative on the international steering committee for the newly initiated WMO Global Atmospheric Watch site at Mt. Chacaltaya in Bolivia. He has organized and led several atmospheric field campaigns including the AIRS Water Vapor Experiment-Ground (AWEX-G) held in 2003 at the DOE/Southern Great Plains site and the series of Water Vapor Variability Satellite/Sondes (WAVES) campaigns held in 2006 – 2012 at the Howard University Research Campus in Beltsville, MD. He is the scientific lead of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Validation, Interagency Cooperation, and Education which contains an advanced Raman lidar, Vaisala radiosonde, cryogenic frostpoint hygrometer, GPS total column, reference sensors for characterizing radiosondes prior to launch. He has authored more than 70 refereed journal articles and has received numerous NASA awards for service including the 2008 Robert H. Goddard Award for Science.

    Research Interests

    Laser Remote Sensing

    Development of laser remote sensing instruments and retrieval techniques

    Aerosol Research

    Application of multi-wavelength lidar to the retrieval of aerosol microphysical properties

    Trend Detection of Water Vapor

    Determing measurement needs for detection of trends in upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric water vapor

    Cloud research

    Remote measurements of cloud ice and liquid water content, particle size and optical depth.

    Current Projects

    Mobile Raman water vapor lidar for the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC)

    Water vapor profiling by Raman lidar within NDACC. Measurements are made in coordination with the regular radiosonde and frostpoint hygrometer launches at the Howard University Beltsville Campus. The mobile system is also available for intercomparison campaigns within the NDACC network.

    Simulation of Spaceborne Multi-wavelength Lidar

    Simulation of the candidate LIDAR system for the ACE (Aerosols, Clouds, Ecosystems) mission and microphysical inversions from the data

    Remote and in situ instrument development in support of the Mt. Chacaltaya GAW site in Bolivia

    Mt. Chacaltaya in Bolivia is the site of the world's highest altitude Global Atmospheric Watch site. Dr. Whiteman works collaboratively with members of the Laboratory for Atmospheric Physics in La Paz Bolivia developing laser remote sensing, radiosonde and other instrumentation in support of the efforts at Mt. Chacaltaya.

    Positions/Employment

    7/1979 - Present

    Physical Scientist

    NASA , Goddard Space Flight Center Dr. Whiteman works within the Mesoscale Processes Laboratory of GSFC

    Teaching Experience

    Dr. Whiteman teaches a laser remote sensing specialty course in the graduate Physics program of Howard University periodically.

    Education

    1978, Physics, City of London Polytechnic, London, England
    1979, B.A. Physics, Williams College (cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa), Williamstown, MA
    1980-1986, Meteorology, University of Maryland, College Park
    1997, M.S. Applied Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC)
    2000, Ph.D. Applied Physics, UMBC (dissertation entitled “Investigation of Cloud Properties using a Raman Lidar”)

    Awards

    1975 - NSF Research Grant
    1976 - Bronfman Science Center Research Grant
    1979 - Phi Beta Kappa
    1986 - GSFC Special Achievement Award
    1987 – GSFC Outstanding Performance Appraisal
    1988 – GSFC Quality Increase Award
    1989 – GSFC Outstanding Performance Appraisal
    1989 - GSFC Special Act or Service Award
    1991 - GSFC Special Act Award
    1991 – GSFC Outstanding Performance Appraisal
    1991 – GSFC Quality Increase Award
    1993 – GSFC Outstanding Performance Appraisal
    1993 – GSFC Performance Award
    1994 – GSFC Outstanding Performance Appraisal
    1994 - 2nd prize, Inaba contest, 17th International Laser
    Radar Conference, Sendai, Japan
    1994 – GSFC Quality Increase Award
    1995 - 97 GSFC Study Fellowship Program
    1997 - GSFC part time graduate program
    1998 – GSFC Performance award
    1999 – GSFC Performance award
    2001 – Elected member of AMS Committee on Laser Atmospheric Studies
    2001 – Optical Society of America Allen Prize
    2001– GSFC Special Act Award
    2002 – GSFC Special Act Award
    2004- GSFC Special Act Award
    2005 - Fulbright Senior Specialist Candidate
    2005 – GSFC Incentive Award
    2006 – GSFC Special Act Award
    2006 – GSFC New Business Capture Award
    2006 – GSFC Special Act Award
    2007 – Distinguished Performance Award
    2008 – Robert H. Goddard Award for Science
    2009 – 30 year service award
    2010 – NASA Performance Award
    2012 – NASA Performance Award
    2013 – NASA Performance Award

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Tetsu, S., D. N. Whiteman, F. Russo, et al. D. D. Turner, I. A. Veselovskiy, S. Melfi, T. Nagai, and Y. Mano. 2013. "Liquid Water Cloud Measurements Using the Raman Lidar Technique: Current Understanding and Future Research Needs." J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. , 30: 1337-1353.

    Whiteman, D. N., D. D. Venable, M. N. Walker, et al. M. P. Cadirola, I. A. Veselovskiy, and T. Sakai. 2013. "Assessing the Temperature Dependence of Narrow-Band Raman Water Vapor Lidar Measurements – A Practical Approach." Applied Optics, 52 (22): 5376-5384 [10.1364/AO.52.005376]

    Perez Ramirez, D., D. N. Whiteman, I. Veselovskii, et al. A. Kolgotin, M. Korenskiy, and L. Alados-Arboledas. 2013. "Effects of systematic and random errors on the retrieval of particle microphysical properties from multiwavelength lidar measurements using inversion with regularization." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6 (11): 3039–3054 [10.5194/amt-6-3039-2013]

    Veselovskii, I., D. N. Whiteman, M. Korenskiy, et al. A. Kolgotin, O. Dubovik, D. Perez Ramirez, and A. Suvorina. 2013. "Retrieval of spatio-temporal distributions of particle parameters from multiwavelength lidar measurements using the linear estimation technique and comparison with AERONET." Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6 (10): 2671-2682 [10.5194/amt-6-2671-2013]

    Whiteman, D. N., M. P. Cadirola, D. D. Venable, et al. M. N. Walker, L. Miloshevich, K. C. Vermeesch, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, E. Hall, and H. Vomel. 2012. "Correction technique for Raman water vapor lidar signal-dependent bias and suitability for water vapor trend monitoring in the upper troposphere." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5 (11): 2893-2916 [10.5194/amt-5-2893-2012]

    Whiteman, D. N., K. C. Vermeesch, L. D. Oman, and E. Weatherhead. 2011. "The relative importance of random error and observation frequency in detecting trends in upper tropospheric water vapor." J. Geophys. Res., 116 (D21): D03206 [10.1029/2011JD016610]

    Leblanc, T., T. Walsh, I. McDermid, et al. G. Toon, J. Blavier, B. Haines, W. Read, B. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. Whiteman, T. McGee, L. Twigg, G. Sumnicht, D. Venable, M. Calhoun, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, E. Hall, L. Miloshevich, H. Vomel, C. Straub, N. Kampfer, G. Nedoluha, R. Gomez, K. Holub, S. Gutman, J. Braun, T. Vanhove, G. Stiller, and A. Hauchecorne. 2011. "Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results." Atmos Meas Tech, 4 (12): 2579–2605 [10.5194/amt-4-2579-2011]

    Venable, D., D. N. Whiteman, M. N. Calhoun, et al. A. Dirisu, R. Connell, and E. Landulfo. 2011. "Lamp mapping technique for independent determination of the water vapor mixing ratio calibration factor for a Raman lidar system." Applied Optics, 50 (23): 4622-4632 [10.1364/AO.50.004622]

    Adam, M., B. Demoz, D. Whiteman, et al. D. Venable, E. Joseph, A. Gambacorta, J. Wei, M. Shephard, L. Miloshevich, C. Barnet, R. Herman, J. Fitzgibbon, and R. Connell. 2010. "Water Vapor Measurements by Howard University Raman Lidar during the WAVES 2006 Campaign." J Atmos Ocea Tech, 27 (1): 42–60 [10.1175/2009JTECHA1331.1]

    Whiteman, D., R. Kurt, R. Scott, et al. W. Wayne, M. Cadirola, G. McIntire, R. Felicita, A. Mariana, V. Demetrius, C. Rasheen, V. Igor, F. Ricardo, M. Bernd, S. Bernhard, L. Thierry, M. Stuart, and V. Holger. 2010. "Airborne and Ground-Based Measurements Using a High-Performance Raman Lidar." J Atmos Oceanic Technol, 27 (11): 1781–1801 [10.1175/2010JTECHA1391.1]

    Immler, F., J. Dykema, T. Gardiner, et al. D. Whiteman, P. Thorne, and H. Vomel. 2010. "Reference Quality Upper-Air Measurements: guidance for developing GRUAN data products." Atmos Meas Tech, 3 (5): 1217-1231 [10.5194/amt-3-1217-2010]

    Miloshevich, L., H. Voemel, D. Whiteman, and T. Leblanc. 2009. "Accuracy assessment and correction of Vaisala RS92 radiosonde water vapor measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 114 (D11): D11305 [10.1029/2008JD011565]

    Veselovskiy, I., D. Whiteman, A. Kolgotin, E. Andrews, and M. Korenski. 2009. "Demonstration of Aerosol Property Profiling by Multiwavelength Lidar under Varying Relative Humidity Conditions." J Atmos Ocea Tech, 26 (8): 1543–1557 [10.1175/2009JTECHA1254.1]

    Whiteman, D., I. Veselovskii, M. Cadirola, et al. K. Rush, J. Comer, J. Potter, and R. Tola. 2007. "Demonstration Measurements of Water Vapor, Cirrus Clouds, and Carbon Dioxide Using a High-Performance Raman Lidar." J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 24 (8): 1377-1388 [10.1175/JTECH2058.1]

    Behrendt, A., V. Wulfmeyer, P. Girolamo, et al. C. Kiemle, H. Bauer, T. Schaberl, D. Summa, D. Whiteman, B. Demoz, E. Browell, S. Ismail, R. Ferrare, S. Kooi, G. Ehret, and J. Wang. 2007. "Intercomparison of Water Vapor Data Measured with Lidar during IHOP_2002. Part I: Airborne to Ground-Based Lidar Systems and Comparisons with Chilled-Mirror Hygrometer Radiosondes." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24 (1): 3-21 [10.1175/JTECH1924.1]

    Behrendt, A., V. Wulfmeyer, C. Kiemle, et al. G. Ehret, C. Flamant, T. Schaberl, H. Bauer, S. Kooi, S. Ismail, R. Ferrare, E. Browell, D. Whiteman, and J. Wang. 2007. "Intercomparison of Water Vapor Data Measured with Lidar during IHOP_2002. Part II: Airborne-to-Airborne Systems." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24 (1): 22-39 [10.1175/JTECH1925.1]

    Adam, M., D. Venable, R. Connel, D. Whiteman, and A. Et. 2007. "Performance of the Howard University Raman Lidar during 2006 WAVES campaign." J Opt and Advan Mat, 9 (11): 3522-3528.

    Russo, F., D. Whiteman, B. Demoz, and R. Hoff. 2007. "Validation of Raman Lidar algorithm for quantifying aerosol extinction." Appl Opt, 45 (27): 7073-7088.

    Whiteman, D. N., B. Demoz, P. Girolamo, et al. J. Comer, I. Veselovskii, K. Evans, Z. Wang, D. Sabatino, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, R. Lin, A. Behrendt, V. Wulfmeyer, E. Browell, R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, and J.-J. Wang. 2006. "Raman Lidar Measurements during the International H2O Project. Part II: Case Studies." J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 23 (2): 170-183 [10.1175/JTECH1839.1]

    Whiteman, D. N., K. Evans, I. Veselovskii, et al. J. Comer, P. Girolamo, B. Demoz, Z. Wang, M. Cardirola, K. Rush, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, S. Melfi, B. Mielke, D. Venable, and T. nd Van Hove. 2006. "Raman Lidar Measurements during the International H20 Project. Part I: Instrumentation and Analysis Techniques." J Atmos Ocean Tech, 23 (2): 157-169 [10.1175/JTECH1838.1]

    Turner, D., and D. N. Whiteman. 2006. "Remote Raman Spectroscopy. Profiling Water Vapor and Aerosols in the Troposphere Using Raman Lidars." Handbook of Vibrational Spectroscopy, ISBN: 9780470027325. [10.1002/0470027320.s6803]

    Demoz, B. B., C. Flamant, T. Weckwerth, et al. D. N. Whiteman, K. D. Evans, F. Fabry, P. Girolamo, D. Miller, B. Geerts, W. Brown, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, W. Feltz, and Z. Wang. 2006. "The Dryline on 22 May 2002 during IHOP_2002: Convective-Scale Measurements at the Profiling Site." Mon. Wea. Rev., 134 (1): 294-310 [10.1175/MWR3054.1]

    Whiteman, D. N., I. Veselovskii, L. Miloshevich, et al. B. Demoz, F. Russo, H. Vomel, Z. Wang, S. Hannon, F. Schmidlin, B. Lest, P. Moore, and A. Beeb. 2006. "Analysis of Raman lidar and radiosonde measurements from the AWEX-G field campaign and its relation to Aqua validation." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D9): D09S09 [10.1029/2005JD006429]

    Miloshevich, L. M., H. Voemel, D. N. Whiteman, et al. B. Lesht, F. J. Schmidlin, and F. A. Russo. 2006. "Absolute accuracy of water vapor measurements from six operational radiosonde types launched during AWEX-G and implications for AIRS validation." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D9): D09S10 [10.1029/2005JD006083]

    Demoz, B. B., D. O. Starr, K. D. Evans, et al. A. Lare, D. N. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, R. Ferrare, J. E. Goldsmith, and S. Bisson. 2005. "The Cold Front of 15 April 1994 over the Central United States. Part I: Observations." Mon. Weather Rev., 133 (6): 1525-1543 [10.1175/MWR2932.1]

    Veselovskii, I., A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, et al. D. Muller, K. Franke, and D. Whiteman. 2004. "Inversion of MultiWavelength Raman Lidar Data for Retrieval of Bimodal Aerosol Size Distribution." Appl Opt, 43: 1180-1195.

    Whiteman, D. N., Z. Wang, and B. Demoz. 2004. "Subtropical cirrus cloud extinction to backscatter ratios measured by Raman Lidar during CAMEX-3." Geophys Res Lett, 31 (12): [10.1029/2004GL020003]

    Wang, Z., D. N. Whiteman, B. Demoz, and I. Veselovskii. 2004. "A new way to measure cirrus ice water content by using ice Raman scatter with Raman Lidar." Geophys Res Lett, 31: L15101 [10.1029/2004GL020004]

    Ferrare, R., E. Browell, S. Ismail, et al. S. Kooi, L. Brasseur, V. Brackett, M. Clayton, J. D. Barrick, G. Diskin, J. E. Goldsmith, B. M. Lesht, J. Podolske, G. Sachse, F. Schmidlin, D. Turner, D. N. Whiteman, D. Tobin, L. Miloshevich, H. Revercomb, B. Demoz, and P. Di Girolamo. 2004. "Characterization of Upper-Troposphere Water Vapor Measurements during AFWEX Using LASE." J Atmos Ocean Tech, 21 (11): 1790-1808 [10.1175/JTECH-1652.1]

    Whiteman, D. 2003. "Examination of the traditional Raman lidar technique. I. Evaluating the temperature-dependent lidar equations." Appl Opt, 42 (15): 2571-2592.

    Whiteman, D. 2003. "Examination of the traditional Raman lidar technique. II. Evaluating the ratios for water vapor and aerosols." Appl Opt, 42 (15): 2593-2608.

    Whiteman, D., G. Schwemmer, T. Berkoff, et al. H. Plotkin, L. -Izquierdo, and G. Pappalardo. 2001. "Performance modeling of an airborne raman water-vapor lidar." Appl Opt, 40 (No. 3.): 375-390.

    Whiteman, D. N., K. Evans, B. Demoz, et al. D. C. Starr, W. Eloranta, D. Tobin, W. Feltz, G. Jedlovic, S. Gutman, G. Schwemmer, M. P. Cadirola, S. Melfi, and F. Schmidlin. 2001. "Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and cirrus clouds during the passage of Hurricane Bonnie." J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D6): 5211-5225 [10.1029/2000JD900621]

    Whiteman, D. N., W. F. Murphy, N. Walsh, and K. D. Evans. 1993. "Temperature Sensitivity of an Atmospheric Raman Lidar System Based on a XeF Excimer Laser." Optics Letters, 18 (3): 247.

    Whiteman, D. N., R. Ferrare, and S. Melfi. 1992. "Raman Lidar System for Measurement of Water Vapor and Aerosols in the Earth's Atmosphere." Applied Optics, 31 (16):

    Mcgee, T. J., R. Ferrare, J. Butler, et al. P. Newman, D. Whiteman, J. Burris, S. Godin, and I. S. McDermid. 1990. "Lidar Observations of Ozone Changes Induced by Air Mass Motions." J. Geophys. Res, 95: 20527-20530.

    McDermid, I. S., S. M. Godin, R. A. Barnes, et al. C. L. Parsons, A. Torres, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, P. Wang, J. J. Butler, P. A. Newman, J. Burris, R. Ferrare, D. N. Whiteman, and T. J. Mcgee. 1990. "Comparison of ozone profiles from ground-based lidar, electrochemical concentration cell balloon sonde, ROCOZ-A rocket ozonesonde, and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res, 95 (D7): 10037-10042 [10.1029/JD095iD07p10037]

    Melfi, S., D. N. Whiteman, and R. A. Ferrare. 1989. "Observation of Atmospheric Fronts using Raman Lidar Moisture Measurements." J. Appl. Meteor., 28: 789.

    Melfi, S., and D. N. Whiteman. 1985. "Observation of Lower-Atmospheric Moisture Structure and its Evolution using a Raman Lidar." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 66: 1288-1292.

    Brief Bio

    Dr. Whiteman received his B. A. in Physics cum laude from Williams College in 1979. Shortly thereafter, he joined NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. In 1980, he began working with Dr. S. Harvey Melfi, one of the pioneers of atmospheric measurements using Raman lidar. Together in 1985 they demonstrated the first meteorologically useful measurements of the evolution of water vapor in the troposphere using Raman Lidar. At NASA, Dr. Whiteman has worked in the design, implementation, field deployment and analysis of lidar systems for atmospheric measurements including the first mobile stratospheric ozone lidar system (STROZ-LITE), several versions of water vapor Raman lidars including the Scanning Raman Lidar, Raman Airborne Spectroscopic Lidar and ALVICE systems. He has successfully deployed lidar systems and various other atmospheric instrumentation to more than 25 field experiments in the United States and the Bahamas. He has developed new lidar remote sensing techniques including ones for retrieving both warm and cold cloud physical properties using Raman lidar. In 2000, Dr. Whiteman received his PhD in physics from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County with research entitled "Investigation of cloud properties using a Raman Lidar". He was awarded the 2001 Allen Prize by the Optical Society of America, has been a member of the American Meteorological Society's Committee on Laser Atmospheric Sensing, was the chairman of the first International Raman Lidar Techniques Workshop held at NASA/GSFC in 2004, served on the international organizing committees of the 4th, 5th and 6th Latin American Lidar Workshops held in Ilha Bella, Brazil, Buenos Aires, Argentina and La Paz, Bolivia, is a member of the GCOS Working Group on Atmospheric Reference Observations and co-chair the GCOS Reference Upper Air Network Task Team investigating measurement needs for GRUAN. He organized and chaired the NDACC Raman water vapor calibration workshop held in Greenbelt, MD in May, 2010. He is the sole US representative on the international steering committee for the newly initiated WMO Global Atmospheric Watch site at Mt. Chacaltaya in Bolivia. He has organized and led several atmospheric field campaigns including the AIRS Water Vapor Experiment-Ground (AWEX-G) held in 2003 at the DOE/Southern Great Plains site and the series of Water Vapor Variability Satellite/Sondes (WAVES) campaigns held in 2006 – 2012 at the Howard University Research Campus in Beltsville, MD. He is the scientific lead of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Validation, Interagency Cooperation, and Education which contains an advanced Raman lidar, Vaisala radiosonde, cryogenic frostpoint hygrometer, GPS total column, reference sensors for characterizing radiosondes prior to launch. He has authored more than 70 refereed journal articles and has received numerous NASA awards for service including the 2008 Robert H. Goddard Award for Science.

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Tetsu, S., D. N. Whiteman, F. Russo, et al. D. D. Turner, I. A. Veselovskiy, S. Melfi, T. Nagai, and Y. Mano. 2013. "Liquid Water Cloud Measurements Using the Raman Lidar Technique: Current Understanding and Future Research Needs." J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 30 1337-1353

    Whiteman, D. N., D. D. Venable, M. N. Walker, et al. M. P. Cadirola, I. A. Veselovskiy, and T. Sakai. 2013. "Assessing the Temperature Dependence of Narrow-Band Raman Water Vapor Lidar Measurements – A Practical Approach." Applied Optics 52 (22): 5376-5384 [10.1364/AO.52.005376]

    Perez Ramirez, D., D. N. Whiteman, I. Veselovskii, et al. A. Kolgotin, M. Korenskiy, and L. Alados-Arboledas. 2013. "Effects of systematic and random errors on the retrieval of particle microphysical properties from multiwavelength lidar measurements using inversion with regularization." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 6 (11): 3039–3054 [10.5194/amt-6-3039-2013]

    Veselovskii, I., D. N. Whiteman, M. Korenskiy, et al. A. Kolgotin, O. Dubovik, D. Perez Ramirez, and A. Suvorina. 2013. "Retrieval of spatio-temporal distributions of particle parameters from multiwavelength lidar measurements using the linear estimation technique and comparison with AERONET." Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6 (10): 2671-2682 [10.5194/amt-6-2671-2013]

    Whiteman, D. N., M. P. Cadirola, D. D. Venable, et al. M. N. Walker, L. Miloshevich, K. C. Vermeesch, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, E. Hall, and H. Vomel. 2012. "Correction technique for Raman water vapor lidar signal-dependent bias and suitability for water vapor trend monitoring in the upper troposphere." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5 (11): 2893-2916 [10.5194/amt-5-2893-2012]

    Whiteman, D. N., K. C. Vermeesch, L. D. Oman, and E. Weatherhead. 2011. "The relative importance of random error and observation frequency in detecting trends in upper tropospheric water vapor." J. Geophys. Res. 116 (D21): D03206 [10.1029/2011JD016610]

    Leblanc, T., T. Walsh, I. McDermid, et al. G. Toon, J. Blavier, B. Haines, W. Read, B. Herman, E. Fetzer, S. Sander, T. Pongetti, D. Whiteman, T. McGee, L. Twigg, G. Sumnicht, D. Venable, M. Calhoun, A. Dirisu, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, E. Hall, L. Miloshevich, H. Vomel, C. Straub, N. Kampfer, G. Nedoluha, R. Gomez, K. Holub, S. Gutman, J. Braun, T. Vanhove, G. Stiller, and A. Hauchecorne. 2011. "Measurements of Humidity in the Atmosphere and Validation Experiments (MOHAVE)-2009: overview of campaign operations and results." Atmos Meas Tech 4 (12): 2579–2605 [10.5194/amt-4-2579-2011]

    Venable, D., D. N. Whiteman, M. N. Calhoun, et al. A. Dirisu, R. Connell, and E. Landulfo. 2011. "Lamp mapping technique for independent determination of the water vapor mixing ratio calibration factor for a Raman lidar system." Applied Optics 50 (23): 4622-4632 [10.1364/AO.50.004622]

    Adam, M., B. Demoz, D. Whiteman, et al. D. Venable, E. Joseph, A. Gambacorta, J. Wei, M. Shephard, L. Miloshevich, C. Barnet, R. Herman, J. Fitzgibbon, and R. Connell. 2010. "Water Vapor Measurements by Howard University Raman Lidar during the WAVES 2006 Campaign." J Atmos Ocea Tech 27 (1): 42–60 [10.1175/2009JTECHA1331.1]

    Whiteman, D., R. Kurt, R. Scott, et al. W. Wayne, M. Cadirola, G. McIntire, R. Felicita, A. Mariana, V. Demetrius, C. Rasheen, V. Igor, F. Ricardo, M. Bernd, S. Bernhard, L. Thierry, M. Stuart, and V. Holger. 2010. "Airborne and Ground-Based Measurements Using a High-Performance Raman Lidar." J Atmos Oceanic Technol 27 (11): 1781–1801 [10.1175/2010JTECHA1391.1]

    Immler, F., J. Dykema, T. Gardiner, et al. D. Whiteman, P. Thorne, and H. Vomel. 2010. "Reference Quality Upper-Air Measurements: guidance for developing GRUAN data products." Atmos Meas Tech 3 (5): 1217-1231 [10.5194/amt-3-1217-2010]

    Miloshevich, L., H. Voemel, D. Whiteman, and T. Leblanc. 2009. "Accuracy assessment and correction of Vaisala RS92 radiosonde water vapor measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D11): D11305 [10.1029/2008JD011565]

    Veselovskiy, I., D. Whiteman, A. Kolgotin, E. Andrews, and M. Korenski. 2009. "Demonstration of Aerosol Property Profiling by Multiwavelength Lidar under Varying Relative Humidity Conditions." J Atmos Ocea Tech 26 (8): 1543–1557 [10.1175/2009JTECHA1254.1]

    Whiteman, D., I. Veselovskii, M. Cadirola, et al. K. Rush, J. Comer, J. Potter, and R. Tola. 2007. "Demonstration Measurements of Water Vapor, Cirrus Clouds, and Carbon Dioxide Using a High-Performance Raman Lidar." J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 24 (8): 1377-1388 [10.1175/JTECH2058.1]

    Behrendt, A., V. Wulfmeyer, P. Girolamo, et al. C. Kiemle, H. Bauer, T. Schaberl, D. Summa, D. Whiteman, B. Demoz, E. Browell, S. Ismail, R. Ferrare, S. Kooi, G. Ehret, and J. Wang. 2007. "Intercomparison of Water Vapor Data Measured with Lidar during IHOP_2002. Part I: Airborne to Ground-Based Lidar Systems and Comparisons with Chilled-Mirror Hygrometer Radiosondes." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24 (1): 3-21 [10.1175/JTECH1924.1]

    Behrendt, A., V. Wulfmeyer, C. Kiemle, et al. G. Ehret, C. Flamant, T. Schaberl, H. Bauer, S. Kooi, S. Ismail, R. Ferrare, E. Browell, D. Whiteman, and J. Wang. 2007. "Intercomparison of Water Vapor Data Measured with Lidar during IHOP_2002. Part II: Airborne-to-Airborne Systems." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24 (1): 22-39 [10.1175/JTECH1925.1]

    Adam, M., D. Venable, R. Connel, D. Whiteman, and A. Et. 2007. "Performance of the Howard University Raman Lidar during 2006 WAVES campaign." J Opt and Advan Mat 9 (11): 3522-3528

    Russo, F., D. Whiteman, B. Demoz, and R. Hoff. 2007. "Validation of Raman Lidar algorithm for quantifying aerosol extinction." Appl Opt 45 (27): 7073-7088

    Whiteman, D. N., B. Demoz, P. Girolamo, et al. J. Comer, I. Veselovskii, K. Evans, Z. Wang, D. Sabatino, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, R. Lin, A. Behrendt, V. Wulfmeyer, E. Browell, R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, and J.-J. Wang. 2006. "Raman Lidar Measurements during the International H2O Project. Part II: Case Studies." J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 23 (2): 170-183 [10.1175/JTECH1839.1]

    Whiteman, D. N., K. Evans, I. Veselovskii, et al. J. Comer, P. Girolamo, B. Demoz, Z. Wang, M. Cardirola, K. Rush, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, S. Melfi, B. Mielke, D. Venable, and T. nd Van Hove. 2006. "Raman Lidar Measurements during the International H20 Project. Part I: Instrumentation and Analysis Techniques." J Atmos Ocean Tech 23 (2): 157-169 [10.1175/JTECH1838.1]

    Turner, D., and D. N. Whiteman. 2006. "Remote Raman Spectroscopy. Profiling Water Vapor and Aerosols in the Troposphere Using Raman Lidars." Handbook of Vibrational Spectroscopy [10.1002/0470027320.s6803]

    Demoz, B. B., C. Flamant, T. Weckwerth, et al. D. N. Whiteman, K. D. Evans, F. Fabry, P. Girolamo, D. Miller, B. Geerts, W. Brown, G. Schwemmer, B. M. Gentry, W. Feltz, and Z. Wang. 2006. "The Dryline on 22 May 2002 during IHOP_2002: Convective-Scale Measurements at the Profiling Site." Mon. Wea. Rev. 134 (1): 294-310 [10.1175/MWR3054.1]

    Whiteman, D. N., I. Veselovskii, L. Miloshevich, et al. B. Demoz, F. Russo, H. Vomel, Z. Wang, S. Hannon, F. Schmidlin, B. Lest, P. Moore, and A. Beeb. 2006. "Analysis of Raman lidar and radiosonde measurements from the AWEX-G field campaign and its relation to Aqua validation." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09S09 [10.1029/2005JD006429]

    Miloshevich, L. M., H. Voemel, D. N. Whiteman, et al. B. Lesht, F. J. Schmidlin, and F. A. Russo. 2006. "Absolute accuracy of water vapor measurements from six operational radiosonde types launched during AWEX-G and implications for AIRS validation." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D9): D09S10 [10.1029/2005JD006083]

    Demoz, B. B., D. O. Starr, K. D. Evans, et al. A. Lare, D. N. Whiteman, G. Schwemmer, R. Ferrare, J. E. Goldsmith, and S. Bisson. 2005. "The Cold Front of 15 April 1994 over the Central United States. Part I: Observations." Mon. Weather Rev. 133 (6): 1525-1543 [10.1175/MWR2932.1]

    Veselovskii, I., A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, et al. D. Muller, K. Franke, and D. Whiteman. 2004. "Inversion of MultiWavelength Raman Lidar Data for Retrieval of Bimodal Aerosol Size Distribution." Appl Opt 43 1180-1195

    Whiteman, D. N., Z. Wang, and B. Demoz. 2004. "Subtropical cirrus cloud extinction to backscatter ratios measured by Raman Lidar during CAMEX-3." Geophys Res Lett 31 (12): [10.1029/2004GL020003]

    Wang, Z., D. N. Whiteman, B. Demoz, and I. Veselovskii. 2004. "A new way to measure cirrus ice water content by using ice Raman scatter with Raman Lidar." Geophys Res Lett 31 L15101 [10.1029/2004GL020004]

    Ferrare, R., E. Browell, S. Ismail, et al. S. Kooi, L. Brasseur, V. Brackett, M. Clayton, J. D. Barrick, G. Diskin, J. E. Goldsmith, B. M. Lesht, J. Podolske, G. Sachse, F. Schmidlin, D. Turner, D. N. Whiteman, D. Tobin, L. Miloshevich, H. Revercomb, B. Demoz, and P. Di Girolamo. 2004. "Characterization of Upper-Troposphere Water Vapor Measurements during AFWEX Using LASE." J Atmos Ocean Tech 21 (11): 1790-1808 [10.1175/JTECH-1652.1]

    Whiteman, D. 2003. "Examination of the traditional Raman lidar technique. I. Evaluating the temperature-dependent lidar equations." Appl Opt 42 (15): 2571-2592

    Whiteman, D. 2003. "Examination of the traditional Raman lidar technique. II. Evaluating the ratios for water vapor and aerosols." Appl Opt 42 (15): 2593-2608

    Whiteman, D., G. Schwemmer, T. Berkoff, et al. H. Plotkin, L. -Izquierdo, and G. Pappalardo. 2001. "Performance modeling of an airborne raman water-vapor lidar." Appl Opt 40 (No. 3.): 375-390

    Whiteman, D. N., K. Evans, B. Demoz, et al. D. C. Starr, W. Eloranta, D. Tobin, W. Feltz, G. Jedlovic, S. Gutman, G. Schwemmer, M. P. Cadirola, S. Melfi, and F. Schmidlin. 2001. "Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and cirrus clouds during the passage of Hurricane Bonnie." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D6): 5211-5225 [10.1029/2000JD900621]

    Whiteman, D. N., W. F. Murphy, N. Walsh, and K. D. Evans. 1993. "Temperature Sensitivity of an Atmospheric Raman Lidar System Based on a XeF Excimer Laser." Optics Letters 18 (3): 247

    Whiteman, D. N., R. Ferrare, and S. Melfi. 1992. "Raman Lidar System for Measurement of Water Vapor and Aerosols in the Earth's Atmosphere." Applied Optics 31 (16):

    Mcgee, T. J., R. Ferrare, J. Butler, et al. P. Newman, D. Whiteman, J. Burris, S. Godin, and I. S. McDermid. 1990. "Lidar Observations of Ozone Changes Induced by Air Mass Motions." J. Geophys. Res 95 20527-20530

    McDermid, I. S., S. M. Godin, R. A. Barnes, et al. C. L. Parsons, A. Torres, M. P. McCormick, W. P. Chu, P. Wang, J. J. Butler, P. A. Newman, J. Burris, R. Ferrare, D. N. Whiteman, and T. J. Mcgee. 1990. "Comparison of ozone profiles from ground-based lidar, electrochemical concentration cell balloon sonde, ROCOZ-A rocket ozonesonde, and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res 95 (D7): 10037-10042 [10.1029/JD095iD07p10037]

    Melfi, S., D. N. Whiteman, and R. A. Ferrare. 1989. "Observation of Atmospheric Fronts using Raman Lidar Moisture Measurements." J. Appl. Meteor. 28 789

    Melfi, S., and D. N. Whiteman. 1985. "Observation of Lower-Atmospheric Moisture Structure and its Evolution using a Raman Lidar." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 66 1288-1292

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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