Clara Orbe

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Clara Orbe

  • Rsch AST, Atmospheric Chemistry & Dyn
  • 212.678.5530
  • NASA GISS
  • 2880 Broadway
  • New York , NY 10025
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    I am a Research Physical Scientist at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies with a joint affiliation at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). I completed a NASA Postdoctoral Program fellowship working with Dr. Paul A. Newman in 2016 and I worked as a research scientist with the GMAO from 2016-2018. I then joined NASA as a civil servant in 2018.

    I received a Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics from Brown University (2007) and a Ph.D in Applied Mathematics from the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics at Columbia University (2013). My current research interests are oriented toward an improved understanding of large-scale atmospheric dynamics in determining the distributions of chemical and physical tracers in the atmosphere and the response of both dynamics and transport to future changes in climate. 

     

    Research Interests

    Large-scale atmospheric transport and dynamics

    Current Projects

    Development of the higher vertical resolution version of GISS ModelE and coordination of its submission to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) Phase 6.

    Development of novel observationally-based constraints on transport timescales in the troposphere. This in direct support of a NASA-funded proposal (18-ACMAP18-0024) on which I am PI.

    Positions/Employment

    2/2018 - Present

    Research Physical Scientist

    NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studies
    2016 - 2/2018

    Associate Research Scientist

    Johns Hopkins University/GESTAR, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
    7/2013 - 12/2015

    Postdoctoral Fellow

    NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center

    Education

    May 2013 Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY
    May 2011 M.Phil. Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY
    May 2009 M.Sc. Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY
    May 2007 B.Sc., Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI
     

    Professional Service

    Science Director’s Committee, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (2019-present)

    Steering Committee, IGAC/SPARC Chemistry-Climate Modeling Initiative (2017-present)

    Session Organizer and Chair, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (2015-2018)

     

    Grants

    03/01/2019 - 03/01/2022 18-ACMAP18-0024, NASA

    Transport from the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Surface into the Southern Hemisphere: Constraints from Trace Gas Observations and Connections with Large-Scale Dynamics

    ; Principal Investigator

    Publications

    Refereed

    Orbe, C., D. A. Plummer, D. W. Waugh, et al. H. Yang, P. Jöckel, D. E. Kinnison, B. Josse, V. Marecal, M. Deushi, N. L. Abraham, A. T. Archibald, M. P. Chipperfield, S. Dhomse, W. Feng, and S. Bekki. 2019. "Description and Evaluation of the Specified-Dynamics Experiment in the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 1-45 (Submitted) [10.5194/acp-2019-625]

    Abalos, M., C. Orbe, D. E. Kinnison, et al. D. Plummer, L. D. Oman, P. Jöckel, O. Morgenstern, R. R. Garcia, G. Zeng, K. A. Stone, and M. Dameris. 2019. "Future trends in stratosphere-to-troposphere transport in CCMI models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 1-31 (Submitted) [10.5194/acp-2019-581]

    Yang, H., D. W. Waugh, C. Orbe, et al. G. Zeng, O. Morgenstern, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. A. Plummer, P. Jöckel, S. E. Strahan, K. A. Stone, and R. Schofield. 2019. "Large-scale transport into the Arctic: the roles of the midlatitude jet and the Hadley Cell." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19 (8): 5511-5528 (Accepted) [10.5194/acp-19-5511-2019]

    Yang, H., D. W. Waugh, C. Orbe, et al. P. K. Patra, P. Jöckel, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. Kinnison, J. W. Elkins, and E. J. Dlugokencky. 2019. "Evaluating Simulations of Interhemispheric Transport: Interhemispheric Exchange Time Versus SF6 Age." Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (2): 1113-1120 (Accepted) [10.1029/2018gl080960]

    Wang, X., Y. Wu, W.-W. Tung, et al. J. H. Richter, A. A. Glanville, S. Tilmes, C. Orbe, Y. Huang, Y. Xia, and D. E. Kinnison. 2018. "The Simulation of Stratospheric Water Vapor Over the Asian Summer Monsoon in CESM1(WACCM) Models." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123 (20): 11,377-11,391 (Accepted) [10.1029/2018jd028971]

    Orbe, C., H. Yang, D. W. Waugh, et al. G. Zeng, O. Morgenstern, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. A. Plummer, J. F. Scinocca, B. Josse, V. Marecal, P. Jöckel, L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, M. Deushi, T. Y. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, H. Akiyoshi, Y. Yamashita, A. Stenke, L. Revell, T. Sukhodolov, E. Rozanov, G. Pitari, D. Visioni, K. A. Stone, R. Schofield, and A. Banerjee. 2018. "Large-scale tropospheric transport in the Chemistry–Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18 (10): 7217-7235 (Accepted) [10.5194/acp-18-7217-2018]

    Wargan, K., C. Orbe, S. Pawson, et al. J. R. Ziemke, L. D. Oman, M. A. Olsen, L. Coy, and K. E. Knowland. 2018. "Recent decline in extratropical lower stratospheric ozone attributed to circulation changes." Geophysical Research Letters, [10.1029/2018gl077406]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9 (7): 2545-2560 [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, H. Yang, et al. J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, and D. E. Kinnison. 2017. "Tropospheric transport differences between models using the same large-scale meteorological fields." Geophysical Research Letters, 44 (2): 1068--1078.

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, P. A. Newman, and S. Steenrod. 2016. "The Transit-Time Distribution from the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Surface." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73 (10): 3785-3802 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0289.1]

    Barnes, E. A., N. Parazoo, C. Orbe, and A. S. Denning. 2016. "Isentropic transport and the seasonal cycle amplitude of CO2." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (13): 8106-8124 [10.1002/2016jd025109]

    Orbe, C., P. A. Newman, D. W. Waugh, et al. M. Holzer, L. D. Oman, F. Li, and L. M. Polvani. 2015. "Air-Mass Origin in the Arctic. Part II: Response to Increases in Greenhouse Gases." J. Climate, 28 (23): 9105–9120 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0296.1]

    Orbe, C., P. A. Newman, D. W. Waugh, et al. M. Holzer, L. D. Oman, F. Li, and L. M. Polvani. 2015. "Airmass Origin in the Arctic. Part I: Seasonality." J. Climate, 28 (12): 4997-5014 [10.1175/jcli-d-14-00720.1]

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, and P. A. Newman. 2015. "Air-mass origin in the tropical lower stratosphere: The influence of Asian boundary layer air." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (10): 4240-4248 [10.1002/2015gl063937]

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, L. M. Polvani, et al. D. W. Waugh, F. Li, L. D. Oman, and P. A. Newman. 2014. "Seasonal ventilation of the stratosphere: Robust diagnostics from one-way flux distributions." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (1): 293-306 [10.1002/2013JD020213]

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, L. M. Polvani, and D. Waugh. 2013. "Air-mass origin as a diagnostic of tropospheric transport." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (3): 1459--1470.

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, and L. M. Polvani. 2012. "Flux distributions as robust diagnostics of stratosphere-troposphere exchange." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117 (D1):

    Holzer, M., C. Orbe, and F. W. Primeau. 2012. "Stratospheric mean residence time and mean age on the tropopause: Connections and implications for observational constraints." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117 (D12):

    Gerber, E., C. Orbe, and L. M. Polvani. 2009. "Stratospheric influence on the tropospheric circulation revealed by idealized ensemble forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (24):

    Brief Bio

    I am a Research Physical Scientist at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies with a joint affiliation at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). I completed a NASA Postdoctoral Program fellowship working with Dr. Paul A. Newman in 2016 and I worked as a research scientist with the GMAO from 2016-2018. I then joined NASA as a civil servant in 2018.

    I received a Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics from Brown University (2007) and a Ph.D in Applied Mathematics from the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics at Columbia University (2013). My current research interests are oriented toward an improved understanding of large-scale atmospheric dynamics in determining the distributions of chemical and physical tracers in the atmosphere and the response of both dynamics and transport to future changes in climate. 

     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Orbe, C., D. A. Plummer, D. W. Waugh, et al. H. Yang, P. Jöckel, D. E. Kinnison, B. Josse, V. Marecal, M. Deushi, N. L. Abraham, A. T. Archibald, M. P. Chipperfield, S. Dhomse, W. Feng, and S. Bekki. 2019. "Description and Evaluation of the Specified-Dynamics Experiment in the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (Submitted) 1-45 [10.5194/acp-2019-625]

    Abalos, M., C. Orbe, D. E. Kinnison, et al. D. Plummer, L. D. Oman, P. Jöckel, O. Morgenstern, R. R. Garcia, G. Zeng, K. A. Stone, and M. Dameris. 2019. "Future trends in stratosphere-to-troposphere transport in CCMI models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (Submitted) 1-31 [10.5194/acp-2019-581]

    Yang, H., D. W. Waugh, C. Orbe, et al. G. Zeng, O. Morgenstern, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. A. Plummer, P. Jöckel, S. E. Strahan, K. A. Stone, and R. Schofield. 2019. "Large-scale transport into the Arctic: the roles of the midlatitude jet and the Hadley Cell." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Accepted) 19 (8): 5511-5528 [10.5194/acp-19-5511-2019]

    Yang, H., D. W. Waugh, C. Orbe, et al. P. K. Patra, P. Jöckel, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. Kinnison, J. W. Elkins, and E. J. Dlugokencky. 2019. "Evaluating Simulations of Interhemispheric Transport: Interhemispheric Exchange Time Versus SF6 Age." Geophysical Research Letters (Accepted) 46 (2): 1113-1120 [10.1029/2018gl080960]

    Wang, X., Y. Wu, W.-W. Tung, et al. J. H. Richter, A. A. Glanville, S. Tilmes, C. Orbe, Y. Huang, Y. Xia, and D. E. Kinnison. 2018. "The Simulation of Stratospheric Water Vapor Over the Asian Summer Monsoon in CESM1(WACCM) Models." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (Accepted) 123 (20): 11,377-11,391 [10.1029/2018jd028971]

    Orbe, C., H. Yang, D. W. Waugh, et al. G. Zeng, O. Morgenstern, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, D. A. Plummer, J. F. Scinocca, B. Josse, V. Marecal, P. Jöckel, L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, M. Deushi, T. Y. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, H. Akiyoshi, Y. Yamashita, A. Stenke, L. Revell, T. Sukhodolov, E. Rozanov, G. Pitari, D. Visioni, K. A. Stone, R. Schofield, and A. Banerjee. 2018. "Large-scale tropospheric transport in the Chemistry–Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Accepted) 18 (10): 7217-7235 [10.5194/acp-18-7217-2018]

    Wargan, K., C. Orbe, S. Pawson, et al. J. R. Ziemke, L. D. Oman, M. A. Olsen, L. Coy, and K. E. Knowland. 2018. "Recent decline in extratropical lower stratospheric ozone attributed to circulation changes." Geophysical Research Letters [10.1029/2018gl077406]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 9 (7): 2545-2560 [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, H. Yang, et al. J.-F. Lamarque, S. Tilmes, and D. E. Kinnison. 2017. "Tropospheric transport differences between models using the same large-scale meteorological fields." Geophysical Research Letters 44 (2): 1068--1078

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, P. A. Newman, and S. Steenrod. 2016. "The Transit-Time Distribution from the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Surface." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 (10): 3785-3802 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0289.1]

    Barnes, E. A., N. Parazoo, C. Orbe, and A. S. Denning. 2016. "Isentropic transport and the seasonal cycle amplitude of CO2." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (13): 8106-8124 [10.1002/2016jd025109]

    Orbe, C., P. A. Newman, D. W. Waugh, et al. M. Holzer, L. D. Oman, F. Li, and L. M. Polvani. 2015. "Air-Mass Origin in the Arctic. Part II: Response to Increases in Greenhouse Gases." J. Climate 28 (23): 9105–9120 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0296.1]

    Orbe, C., P. A. Newman, D. W. Waugh, et al. M. Holzer, L. D. Oman, F. Li, and L. M. Polvani. 2015. "Airmass Origin in the Arctic. Part I: Seasonality." J. Climate 28 (12): 4997-5014 [10.1175/jcli-d-14-00720.1]

    Orbe, C., D. W. Waugh, and P. A. Newman. 2015. "Air-mass origin in the tropical lower stratosphere: The influence of Asian boundary layer air." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (10): 4240-4248 [10.1002/2015gl063937]

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, L. M. Polvani, et al. D. W. Waugh, F. Li, L. D. Oman, and P. A. Newman. 2014. "Seasonal ventilation of the stratosphere: Robust diagnostics from one-way flux distributions." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (1): 293-306 [10.1002/2013JD020213]

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, L. M. Polvani, and D. Waugh. 2013. "Air-mass origin as a diagnostic of tropospheric transport." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118 (3): 1459--1470

    Orbe, C., M. Holzer, and L. M. Polvani. 2012. "Flux distributions as robust diagnostics of stratosphere-troposphere exchange." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117 (D1):

    Holzer, M., C. Orbe, and F. W. Primeau. 2012. "Stratospheric mean residence time and mean age on the tropopause: Connections and implications for observational constraints." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117 (D12):

    Gerber, E., C. Orbe, and L. M. Polvani. 2009. "Stratospheric influence on the tropospheric circulation revealed by idealized ensemble forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters 36 (24):

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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