Charles L Wolff

Charles L Wolff

  • EMERITUS
  • 301.286.8185
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 671
  • GREENBELT , MD 20771
  • Employer: EMERITUS
  • Brief Bio

                  BIO  AND  54 REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (below).  The rest of "CV Editor" is blank.
    Dr. Charles L. Wolff
    Space Scientist
    Solar Physics Branch, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

    RESEARCH AREAS: Physics and Astronomy

    EDUCATION: 1952 - B.S. - Physics - Penn State University
    1956 - M.S. - Physics - University of Illinois
    1961 - Ph.D. - Physics + Astronomy minor - University of Illinois

    POSITIONS: 1956 (Summer) Physicist, Martin Company, Baltimore, Maryland
    1956 – 1961 Teaching & Research Assistants, Univ. of Illinois
    1961-- 2009 Space Scientist, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
    2009-- Emeritus Program, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

    PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY: American Astronomical Society

    AWARD: 2005 - Cash award from Goddard for an Exploration Initiative.

    REFEREED PUBLICATIONS:
    0. Spencer, L. V. & Wolff, C. L., 1953, Phys. Rev., 90, 510 Penetration and Diffusion of Hard X-Rays: Polarization Effects
    1. Wolff, C. L., 1966, Appl. Optics., 5, 1838. The effect of the earth’s radiation belts on an optical system.
    2. Wolff, C. L., and S. O. Kastner, 1966, AIAA Journal, 4, 1096 Earth as an occulting disk for the study of solar EUV emission heights.
    3. Wolff, C. L., Dunkleman,L. and Haughney, L. C. 1967, Science, 157,
    427. Photograph of the Earth’s cloud satellites from an aircraft.

    4. Wolff, C. L., 1967, Science, 158, 104. Optical environment about the OGO-III satellite.

    5. Roosen, R. G., and Wolff, C. L. 1969, Nature, 224, 571. Are the libration clouds real?
    6. Brandt, J. C., Wolff, C. L. and Cassinelli, J. P. 1969, Astrophys. J.,
    156, 1117. Interplanetary gas XVI. A calculation of the angular momentum of the solar wind.
    7. Wolff, C. L., Brandt, J. C. and Southwick, R. G. 1971, Astrophys.
    J., 165, 181. A two-component model of the quiet solar wind with viscosity, magnetic field and reduced heat conduction.
    8. Barnes, A., Brandt, J. C., Hartle, R. E. and Wolff, C. L. 1972,
    Cosmic Electrodynamcis, 3, 254. Solar wind heating.
    9. Wolff, C. L., 1972, Astrophys. J., 176, 833.
    Free oscillations of the Sun and their possible stimulation by solar
    flares.
    10. Wolff, C. L., 1972, Astrophys. J. Lett., 177, L87. The five-minute oscillations as nonradial pulsations of the entire Sun.
    11. Wolff, C. L., 1973, Solar Physics, 32, 31 What is the horizontal scale of the five-minute oscillations?
    12. Brandt, J. C., and Wolff, C. L. 1973, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 3197. Comments on paper by E. Leer and T. E. Holzer, Collisionless solar wind protons
    13. Brandt, J. C., Thayer, H. V. , Wolff, C. L. and Hundhausen, A. J.
    1973, Astophys. J., 183, 1037. Interplanetary gas XVIII. Models and the mean free path of protons at one astronomical unit
    14. Wolff, C. L., 1974, Astrophys. J., 193, 721. Distinctive patterns on the surface of slowly rotating stars whose oscillations are nonlinearly coupled
    15. Wolff, C. L., 1974, . Astrophys. J., 194, 489. Rigid and differential rotation driven by oscillation within the Sun
    16. Price, J. C., Brandt, J. C. and Wolff, C. L. 1975, Astrophys. J., 199,
    756 Interplanetary gas XXI. Validity of the Chapman-Enskog description of the solar wind for protons
    17. Wolff, C. L., 1975, Solar Physics, 41, 297. An anticorrelation between polar and equatorial rotation of the solar photosphere
    18. Wolff, C. L., 1976, Astrophys. J., 205, 612. Timing of solar cycles by rigid internal rotations
    19. Wolff, C. L., 1977, Astrophys. J., 216, 784. White-dwarf variability and the rotation of g-modes
    20. Wolff, C. L., and Y. Kondo, 1978, Astrophys. J., 219, 605. Hercules X-1=HZ Herculis: A multiperiod variable?
    21. Wolff, C. L., 1979, Astrophys. J., 227, 943. Some simple properties of stellar pulsation modes
    22. Wolff, C. L., 1980, Nonradial and Nonlinear Stellar Pulsation, No.
    125, ed. H. A. Hill and W. A. Dziembowski (Berlin:
    Springer-Verlag), 252. The collective excitation of g-modes in the Sun
    23. Hallam, K. H., and Wolff, C. L. 1981, Astrophys. J. Lett., 248, L73. Rotation of dwarf star chromospheres in the ultraviolet
    24. Chan, K. L., Wolff, C. L and Sofia, S. 1981, Astrophys. J., 244,
    582. A variable mixing-length ratio for convection theory
    25. Chan, K. L., and C. L. Wolff, 1982, J. Computational Physics, 47,
    109. ADI on staggered mesh - A method for the calculation of compressible convection
    26. Chan, K. L., Sofia, S. and Wolff, C. L. 1982, Astrophys. J., 263,
    935. Turbulent compressible convection in a deep atmosphere. I. Preliminary two dimensional results
    27. Wolff, C. L., 1983, Astrophys. J., 264, 667.
    The rotational spectrum of g-modes in the Sun
    28. Kondo, Y., Van Flandern, T. and Wolff, C. L. 1983, Astrophys. J.,
    273, 716. On the clock mechanism and the implausibility of the 35 day processing disk in HZ Herculis/Hercules X-1
    29. Wolff, C. L., 1984, Solar Physics, 93, 1. Solar irradiance changes caused by g-modes and large-scale convection
    30. Wolff, C. L., and Blizard, J. 1986, Solar Physics, 105, 1. Properties of r-modes in the Sun
    31. Wolff, C. L., and Hickey, J. R. 1987, Science, 235, 1631 Solar irradiance change and special longitudes due to r-modes
    32. Wolff, C. L., and Hickey, J. R. 1987, Solar Phys., 109, 1. Multiperiodic irrandiance changes caused by r-modes and g-modes
    33. Hoegy, W. R., and Wolff, C. L. 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 8663 A seven-month solar cycle observed with the Langmuir Probe on Pioneer Venus Orbiter
    34. Wolff, C. L., and Hoegy, W. R. 1989, Solar Physics, 123, 7. Periodic solar EUV flux monitored near Venus
    35. Wolff, C. L., 1992, Solar Physics, 142, 187. Intermittent solar periodicities
    36. Wolff, C. L., 1993, Astrophys. J., 414, 892. Equidistribution of energy and other quantities in oscillating systems
    37. Wolff, C. L., 1995, Astrophys. J., 443, 423. Oscillation-convection coupling: Cause of supergranulation?
    38. Wolff, C. L., 1996, Astrophys. J. Lett., 459, L103. Convection: Periodic due to r-modes
    39. Wolff, C. L., 1997, Astrophys. J., 486, 1058. Large convective events and their aftermath in a rotating star
    40. Wolff, C. L., 1998, Astrophys. J., 502, 961. Linear r-Mode Oscillations in a Differentially Rotating Star
    41. Wolff, C. L., 2000, Astrophys. J., 531, 591. Linear r-Modes below the Sun’s Convective Envelope
    42. Mayr, H. G., Wolff, C. L., & Hartle, R. E., 2001, Geophys. Res.
    Lett., 28, 463. Wave Driven Nonlinear Flow Oscillator for the 22 year Solar Cycle
    43. Wolff, C. L., 2002, Astrophys. J., 580, L181. Rotational Sequences of Global Oscillations Inside the Sun
    44. Wolff, C. L. & Mayr, H. G., 2004, Astrophys. J., 606, L163. The Sun’s Reversing Flows and Heat Spike as Caused by g-Modes
    45. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., & Wolff, C. L., 2005, Geophys. Res.
    Lett., 32, L20811 Wave-driven Equatorial Annual Oscillation Induced and Modulated by the Solar Cycle
    46. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., & Wolff, C. L., and Porter, H. S.
    2006, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L05812. QBO as Potential Amplifier of Solar Cycle Influence
    47. Wolff, C. L. & O’Donovan, A. E. 2007, Astrophys. J. 661, 568 Coupled Groups of g-Modes in a Sun with a Mixed Core
    48. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., Wolff, C. L., Huang, E. T., and
    Porter, H. S., 2007, Annales Geophysicae, 25, 1071 The QBO as Potential Amplifier and Conduit to Lower Altitudes of Solar Cycle Influence
    49. Juckett, D. A. & Wolff, C. L. 2008, Solar Physics, 252, 247 Evidence for Long-Term Retrograde Motions of Sunspot Patterns and Indications of Coupled g-Mode Rotation Rates
    50. Juckett, D. A. & Wolff, C. L. 2009, Solar Physics, 257, 13 Correspondence between solar variability (0.6 – 7.0 years) and the theoretical positions of rotating sets of coupled g-modes
    51. Wolff, C. L. 2009, Astrophys. J., 701, 686
    doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/686 Effects of a Deep Mixed Shell on Solar g Modes, p Modes, and Neutrino Flux
    52. Wolff, C. L. & Patrone, P. N. 2010, Solar Phys., 266, 227
    doi:10.1007/s11207-010-9628-y A New Way that Planets Can Affect the Sun
    53. Wolff, C. L. 2012, Astrophys. J., 756, 125
    doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/125 Are Pulsing Solitary Waves Running Inside the Sun?






     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Wolff, C. L. 2012. "ARE PULSING SOLITARY WAVES RUNNING INSIDE THE SUN?" The Astrophysical Journal, 756 (2): 125 [10.1088/0004-637x/756/2/125]

    Wolff, C. L., and P. N. Patrone. 2010. "A New Way that Planets Can Affect the Sun." Solar Physics, 266 (2): 227-246 [10.1007/s11207-010-9628-y]

    Wolff, C. L. 2009. "EFFECTS OF A DEEP MIXED SHELL ON SOLARg-MODES,p-MODES, AND NEUTRINO FLUX." The Astrophysical Journal, 701 (1): 686-697 [10.1088/0004-637x/701/1/686]

    Juckett, D. A., and C. L. Wolff. 2009. "Correspondence between Solar Variability (0.6 – 7.0 Years) and the Theoretical Positions of Rotating Sets of Coupled g Modes." Solar Physics, 257 (1): 13-36 [10.1007/s11207-009-9340-y]

    Juckett, D. A., and C. L. Wolff. 2008. "Evidence for Long-term Retrograde Motions of Sunspot Patterns and Indications of Coupled g-mode Rotation Rates." Solar Physics, 252 (2): 247-266 [10.1007/s11207-008-9265-x]

    Wolff, C. L., and A. E. O’Donovan. 2007. "Coupled Groups ofg‐Modes in a Sun with a Mixed Core." The Astrophysical Journal, 661 (1): 568-585 [10.1086/513305]

    Mayr, H. G., J. Mengel, C. L. Wolff, F. Huang, and H. Porter. 2007. "The QBO as potential amplifier and conduit to lower altitudes of solar cycle influence." Ann Geophys, 25 (5): 1071-1092 [10.5194/angeo-25-1071-2007]

    Mayr, H. G., J. G. Mengel, and C. L. Wolff. 2006. "QBO as potential amplifier of solar cycle influence." Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (5): L05812 [10.1029/2005GL025650]

    Mayr, H. G., J. Mengel, and C. L. Wolff. 2005. "Wave-driven equatorial annual oscillation induced and modulated by the solar cycle." Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (20): L20811 [10.1029/2005GL023090]

    Wolff, C. L., and H. G. Mayr. 2004. "The Sun's Reversing Flows and Heat Spike as Caused byg-Modes." The Astrophysical Journal, 606 (2): L163-L166 [10.1086/421327]

    Wolff, C. L. 2002. "Rotational Sequences of Global Oscillations inside the Sun." The Astrophysical Journal, 580 (2): L181-L184 [10.1086/345712]

    Mayr, H. G., C. L. Wolff, and R. E. Hartle. 2001. "Wave driven non-linear flow oscillator for the 22-year solar cycle." Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (3): 463-466 [10.1029/2000gl012223]

    Wolff, C. L. 2000. "Linearr‐Modes below the Sun’s Convective Envelope." The Astrophysical Journal, 531 (1): 591-598 [10.1086/308443]

    Wolff, C. L. 1998. "Linearr‐Mode Oscillations in a Differentially Rotating Star." The Astrophysical Journal, 502 (2): 961-967 [10.1086/305934]

    Wolff, C. L. 1997. "Large Convective Events and Their Aftermath in a Rotating Star." The Astrophysical Journal, 486 (2): 1058-1064 [10.1086/304540]

    Wolff, C. L. 1996. "Convection: Periodic due to r-Modes." The Astrophysical Journal, 459 (2): [10.1086/309947]

    Wolff, C. 1995. "Oscillation-convection coupling: Cause of supergranulation ?" The Astrophysical Journal, 443: 423 [10.1086/175535]

    Wolff, C. L. 1993. "Equidistribution of energy and other quantities in oscillating systems." The Astrophysical Journal, 414: 892 [10.1086/173132]

    Wolff, C. L. 1992. ""Intermittent" solar periodicities." Solar Physics, 142 (1): 187-195 [10.1007/bf00156641]

    Hoegy, W. R., and C. L. Wolff. 1989. "A seven-month solar cycle observed with the Langmuir probe on Pioneer Venus Orbiter." Journal of Geophysical Research, 94 (A7): 8663 [10.1029/ja094ia07p08663]

    Wolff, C. L., and W. R. Hoegy. 1989. "Periodic solar EUV flux monitored near Venus." Solar Physics, 123 (1): 7-20 [10.1007/bf00150008]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. R. Hickey. 1987. "Solar Irradiance Change and Special Longitudes Due to r-Modes." Science, 235 (4796): 1631-1633 [10.1126/science.235.4796.1631]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. R. Hickey. 1987. "Multiperiodic irradiance changes caused by r-modes and g-modes." Solar Physics, 109 (1): 1-18 [10.1007/bf00167395]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. B. Blizard. 1986. "Properties of r-modes in the Sun." Solar Physics, 105 (1): 1-15 [10.1007/bf00156371]

    Wolff, C. L. 1984. "Solar Irradiance Changes Caused by g-Modes and Large Scale Convection." Solar Physics, 93: 1-13.

    Kondo, Y., C. L. Wolff, and T. C. van Flandern. 1983. "On the clock mechanism and the implausibility of the 35 day precessing disk in HZ Herculis/Hercules X-1." The Astrophysical Journal, 273: 716 [10.1086/161407]

    Wolff, C. L. 1983. "The rotational spectrum of g-modes in the sun." The Astrophysical Journal, 264: 667 [10.1086/160640]

    Chan, K. L., S. Sofia, and C. L. Wolff. 1982. "Turbulent compressible convection in a deep atmosphere. I - Preliminary two-dimensional results." The Astrophysical Journal, 263: 935 [10.1086/160561]

    Chan, K. L., and C. L. Wolff. 1982. "ADI on staggered mesh—A method for the calculation of compressible convection." Journal of Computational Physics, 47 (1): 109-129 [10.1016/0021-9991(82)90067-5]

    Hallam, K. L., and C. L. Wolff. 1981. "Rotation of dwarf star chromospheres in the ultraviolet." The Astrophysical Journal, 248: L73 [10.1086/183627]

    Chan, K. L., C. L. Wolff, and S. Sofia. 1981. "A variable mixing-length ratio for convection theory." The Astrophysical Journal, 244: 582 [10.1086/158738]

    Wolff, C. L. 1980. "The collective excitation of g-modes in the sun." Lecture Notes in Physics, 125: 252-271 [10.1007/3-540-09994-8_25]

    Wolff, C. L. 1979. "Some simple properties of stellar pulsation modes." The Astrophysical Journal, 227: 943 [10.1086/156803]

    Wolff, C. L., and Y. Kondo. 1978. "Hercules X-1 = HZ Herculis - A multiperiod variable." The Astrophysical Journal, 219: 605 [10.1086/155821]

    Wolff, C. L. 1977. "White-dwarf variability and the rotation of g-modes." The Astrophysical Journal, 216: 784 [10.1086/155521]

    Wolff, C. L. 1976. "Timing of solar cycles by rigid internal rotations." The Astrophysical Journal, 205: 612 [10.1086/154318]

    Price, J. C., J. C. Brandt, and C. L. Wolff. 1975. "Interplanetary gas. XXI - Validity of the Chapman-Enskog description of the solar wind for protons." The Astrophysical Journal, 199: 756 [10.1086/153748]

    Wolff, C. L. 1975. "An anticorrelation between polar and equatorial rotation of the solar photosphere." Solar Physics, 41 (2): 297-300 [10.1007/bf00154067]

    Wolff, C. L. 1974. "Rigid and differential rotation driven by oscillations within the sun." The Astrophysical Journal, 194: 489 [10.1086/153266]

    Wolff, C. L. 1974. "Distinctive patterns on the surface of slowly rotating stars whose oscillations are nonlinearly coupled." The Astrophysical Journal, 193: 721 [10.1086/153211]

    Wolff, C. L. 1973. "What is the horizontal scale of the 5-min oscillations?" Solar Physics, 32 (1): 31-39 [10.1007/bf00152727]

    Brandt, J. C., N. Nichols Thayer, C. L. Wolff, and A. J. Hundhausen. 1973. "Interplanetary Gas. XVIII. The Mean Free Path of Protons at i Astronomical Unit." The Astrophysical Journal, 183: 1037 [10.1086/152290]

    Brandt, J. C., and C. L. Wolff. 1973. "Comments on Paper by E. Leer and T. E. Holzer, ‘Collisionless solar wind protons: A comparison of kinetic and hydrodynamic descriptions’." Journal of Geophysical Research, 78 (16): 3197-3198 [10.1029/ja078i016p03197]

    Wolff, C. L. 1972. "The Five-Minute Oscillations as Nonradial Pulsations of the Entire Sun." The Astrophysical Journal, 177: L87 [10.1086/181058]

    Wolff, C. L. 1972. "Free Oscillations of the Sun and Their Possible Stimulation by Solar Flares." The Astrophysical Journal, 176: 833 [10.1086/151680]

    Wolff, C. L., J. C. Brandt, and R. G. Southwick. 1971. "A Two-Component Model of the Quiet Solar Wind with Viscosity, Magnetic Field, and Reduced Heat Conduction." The Astrophysical Journal, 165: 181 [10.1086/150886]

    Roosen, R. G., and C. L. Wolff. 1969. "Are the Libration Clouds Real?" Nature, 224 (5219): 571-571 [10.1038/224571a0]

    Brandt, J. C., C. Wolff, and J. P. Cassinelli. 1969. "Interplanetary Gas. XVI. a Calculation of the Angular Momentum of the Solar Wind." The Astrophysical Journal, 156: 1117 [10.1086/150039]

    Wolff, C. 1967. "Optical Environment about the OGO-III Satellite." Science, 158 (3804): 1045-1046 [10.1126/science.158.3804.1045]

    Wolff, C. 1966. "The Effect of the Earth’s Radiation Belts on an Optical System." Applied Optics, 5 (11): 1838 [10.1364/ao.5.001838]

    Kastner, S. O., and C. L. Wolff. 1966. "Earth as an occulting disk for study of solar EUV emission heights.." AIAA Journal, 4 (6): 1096-1098 [10.2514/3.3615]

    Spencer, L. V., and C. Wolff. 1953. "Penetration and Diffusion of Hard X-Rays: Polarization Effects." Physical Review, 90 (4): 510-514 [10.1103/physrev.90.510]

    Brief Bio

                  BIO  AND  54 REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (below).  The rest of "CV Editor" is blank.
    Dr. Charles L. Wolff
    Space Scientist
    Solar Physics Branch, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

    RESEARCH AREAS: Physics and Astronomy

    EDUCATION: 1952 - B.S. - Physics - Penn State University
    1956 - M.S. - Physics - University of Illinois
    1961 - Ph.D. - Physics + Astronomy minor - University of Illinois

    POSITIONS: 1956 (Summer) Physicist, Martin Company, Baltimore, Maryland
    1956 – 1961 Teaching & Research Assistants, Univ. of Illinois
    1961-- 2009 Space Scientist, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
    2009-- Emeritus Program, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

    PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY: American Astronomical Society

    AWARD: 2005 - Cash award from Goddard for an Exploration Initiative.

    REFEREED PUBLICATIONS:
    0. Spencer, L. V. & Wolff, C. L., 1953, Phys. Rev., 90, 510 Penetration and Diffusion of Hard X-Rays: Polarization Effects
    1. Wolff, C. L., 1966, Appl. Optics., 5, 1838. The effect of the earth’s radiation belts on an optical system.
    2. Wolff, C. L., and S. O. Kastner, 1966, AIAA Journal, 4, 1096 Earth as an occulting disk for the study of solar EUV emission heights.
    3. Wolff, C. L., Dunkleman,L. and Haughney, L. C. 1967, Science, 157,
    427. Photograph of the Earth’s cloud satellites from an aircraft.

    4. Wolff, C. L., 1967, Science, 158, 104. Optical environment about the OGO-III satellite.

    5. Roosen, R. G., and Wolff, C. L. 1969, Nature, 224, 571. Are the libration clouds real?
    6. Brandt, J. C., Wolff, C. L. and Cassinelli, J. P. 1969, Astrophys. J.,
    156, 1117. Interplanetary gas XVI. A calculation of the angular momentum of the solar wind.
    7. Wolff, C. L., Brandt, J. C. and Southwick, R. G. 1971, Astrophys.
    J., 165, 181. A two-component model of the quiet solar wind with viscosity, magnetic field and reduced heat conduction.
    8. Barnes, A., Brandt, J. C., Hartle, R. E. and Wolff, C. L. 1972,
    Cosmic Electrodynamcis, 3, 254. Solar wind heating.
    9. Wolff, C. L., 1972, Astrophys. J., 176, 833.
    Free oscillations of the Sun and their possible stimulation by solar
    flares.
    10. Wolff, C. L., 1972, Astrophys. J. Lett., 177, L87. The five-minute oscillations as nonradial pulsations of the entire Sun.
    11. Wolff, C. L., 1973, Solar Physics, 32, 31 What is the horizontal scale of the five-minute oscillations?
    12. Brandt, J. C., and Wolff, C. L. 1973, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 3197. Comments on paper by E. Leer and T. E. Holzer, Collisionless solar wind protons
    13. Brandt, J. C., Thayer, H. V. , Wolff, C. L. and Hundhausen, A. J.
    1973, Astophys. J., 183, 1037. Interplanetary gas XVIII. Models and the mean free path of protons at one astronomical unit
    14. Wolff, C. L., 1974, Astrophys. J., 193, 721. Distinctive patterns on the surface of slowly rotating stars whose oscillations are nonlinearly coupled
    15. Wolff, C. L., 1974, . Astrophys. J., 194, 489. Rigid and differential rotation driven by oscillation within the Sun
    16. Price, J. C., Brandt, J. C. and Wolff, C. L. 1975, Astrophys. J., 199,
    756 Interplanetary gas XXI. Validity of the Chapman-Enskog description of the solar wind for protons
    17. Wolff, C. L., 1975, Solar Physics, 41, 297. An anticorrelation between polar and equatorial rotation of the solar photosphere
    18. Wolff, C. L., 1976, Astrophys. J., 205, 612. Timing of solar cycles by rigid internal rotations
    19. Wolff, C. L., 1977, Astrophys. J., 216, 784. White-dwarf variability and the rotation of g-modes
    20. Wolff, C. L., and Y. Kondo, 1978, Astrophys. J., 219, 605. Hercules X-1=HZ Herculis: A multiperiod variable?
    21. Wolff, C. L., 1979, Astrophys. J., 227, 943. Some simple properties of stellar pulsation modes
    22. Wolff, C. L., 1980, Nonradial and Nonlinear Stellar Pulsation, No.
    125, ed. H. A. Hill and W. A. Dziembowski (Berlin:
    Springer-Verlag), 252. The collective excitation of g-modes in the Sun
    23. Hallam, K. H., and Wolff, C. L. 1981, Astrophys. J. Lett., 248, L73. Rotation of dwarf star chromospheres in the ultraviolet
    24. Chan, K. L., Wolff, C. L and Sofia, S. 1981, Astrophys. J., 244,
    582. A variable mixing-length ratio for convection theory
    25. Chan, K. L., and C. L. Wolff, 1982, J. Computational Physics, 47,
    109. ADI on staggered mesh - A method for the calculation of compressible convection
    26. Chan, K. L., Sofia, S. and Wolff, C. L. 1982, Astrophys. J., 263,
    935. Turbulent compressible convection in a deep atmosphere. I. Preliminary two dimensional results
    27. Wolff, C. L., 1983, Astrophys. J., 264, 667.
    The rotational spectrum of g-modes in the Sun
    28. Kondo, Y., Van Flandern, T. and Wolff, C. L. 1983, Astrophys. J.,
    273, 716. On the clock mechanism and the implausibility of the 35 day processing disk in HZ Herculis/Hercules X-1
    29. Wolff, C. L., 1984, Solar Physics, 93, 1. Solar irradiance changes caused by g-modes and large-scale convection
    30. Wolff, C. L., and Blizard, J. 1986, Solar Physics, 105, 1. Properties of r-modes in the Sun
    31. Wolff, C. L., and Hickey, J. R. 1987, Science, 235, 1631 Solar irradiance change and special longitudes due to r-modes
    32. Wolff, C. L., and Hickey, J. R. 1987, Solar Phys., 109, 1. Multiperiodic irrandiance changes caused by r-modes and g-modes
    33. Hoegy, W. R., and Wolff, C. L. 1989, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 8663 A seven-month solar cycle observed with the Langmuir Probe on Pioneer Venus Orbiter
    34. Wolff, C. L., and Hoegy, W. R. 1989, Solar Physics, 123, 7. Periodic solar EUV flux monitored near Venus
    35. Wolff, C. L., 1992, Solar Physics, 142, 187. Intermittent solar periodicities
    36. Wolff, C. L., 1993, Astrophys. J., 414, 892. Equidistribution of energy and other quantities in oscillating systems
    37. Wolff, C. L., 1995, Astrophys. J., 443, 423. Oscillation-convection coupling: Cause of supergranulation?
    38. Wolff, C. L., 1996, Astrophys. J. Lett., 459, L103. Convection: Periodic due to r-modes
    39. Wolff, C. L., 1997, Astrophys. J., 486, 1058. Large convective events and their aftermath in a rotating star
    40. Wolff, C. L., 1998, Astrophys. J., 502, 961. Linear r-Mode Oscillations in a Differentially Rotating Star
    41. Wolff, C. L., 2000, Astrophys. J., 531, 591. Linear r-Modes below the Sun’s Convective Envelope
    42. Mayr, H. G., Wolff, C. L., & Hartle, R. E., 2001, Geophys. Res.
    Lett., 28, 463. Wave Driven Nonlinear Flow Oscillator for the 22 year Solar Cycle
    43. Wolff, C. L., 2002, Astrophys. J., 580, L181. Rotational Sequences of Global Oscillations Inside the Sun
    44. Wolff, C. L. & Mayr, H. G., 2004, Astrophys. J., 606, L163. The Sun’s Reversing Flows and Heat Spike as Caused by g-Modes
    45. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., & Wolff, C. L., 2005, Geophys. Res.
    Lett., 32, L20811 Wave-driven Equatorial Annual Oscillation Induced and Modulated by the Solar Cycle
    46. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., & Wolff, C. L., and Porter, H. S.
    2006, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L05812. QBO as Potential Amplifier of Solar Cycle Influence
    47. Wolff, C. L. & O’Donovan, A. E. 2007, Astrophys. J. 661, 568 Coupled Groups of g-Modes in a Sun with a Mixed Core
    48. Mayr, H. G., Mengel, J. G., Wolff, C. L., Huang, E. T., and
    Porter, H. S., 2007, Annales Geophysicae, 25, 1071 The QBO as Potential Amplifier and Conduit to Lower Altitudes of Solar Cycle Influence
    49. Juckett, D. A. & Wolff, C. L. 2008, Solar Physics, 252, 247 Evidence for Long-Term Retrograde Motions of Sunspot Patterns and Indications of Coupled g-Mode Rotation Rates
    50. Juckett, D. A. & Wolff, C. L. 2009, Solar Physics, 257, 13 Correspondence between solar variability (0.6 – 7.0 years) and the theoretical positions of rotating sets of coupled g-modes
    51. Wolff, C. L. 2009, Astrophys. J., 701, 686
    doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/686 Effects of a Deep Mixed Shell on Solar g Modes, p Modes, and Neutrino Flux
    52. Wolff, C. L. & Patrone, P. N. 2010, Solar Phys., 266, 227
    doi:10.1007/s11207-010-9628-y A New Way that Planets Can Affect the Sun
    53. Wolff, C. L. 2012, Astrophys. J., 756, 125
    doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/125 Are Pulsing Solitary Waves Running Inside the Sun?






     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Wolff, C. L. 2012. "ARE PULSING SOLITARY WAVES RUNNING INSIDE THE SUN?" The Astrophysical Journal 756 (2): 125 [10.1088/0004-637x/756/2/125]

    Wolff, C. L., and P. N. Patrone. 2010. "A New Way that Planets Can Affect the Sun." Solar Physics 266 (2): 227-246 [10.1007/s11207-010-9628-y]

    Wolff, C. L. 2009. "EFFECTS OF A DEEP MIXED SHELL ON SOLARg-MODES,p-MODES, AND NEUTRINO FLUX." The Astrophysical Journal 701 (1): 686-697 [10.1088/0004-637x/701/1/686]

    Juckett, D. A., and C. L. Wolff. 2009. "Correspondence between Solar Variability (0.6 – 7.0 Years) and the Theoretical Positions of Rotating Sets of Coupled g Modes." Solar Physics 257 (1): 13-36 [10.1007/s11207-009-9340-y]

    Juckett, D. A., and C. L. Wolff. 2008. "Evidence for Long-term Retrograde Motions of Sunspot Patterns and Indications of Coupled g-mode Rotation Rates." Solar Physics 252 (2): 247-266 [10.1007/s11207-008-9265-x]

    Wolff, C. L., and A. E. O’Donovan. 2007. "Coupled Groups ofg‐Modes in a Sun with a Mixed Core." The Astrophysical Journal 661 (1): 568-585 [10.1086/513305]

    Mayr, H. G., J. Mengel, C. L. Wolff, F. Huang, and H. Porter. 2007. "The QBO as potential amplifier and conduit to lower altitudes of solar cycle influence." Ann Geophys 25 (5): 1071-1092 [10.5194/angeo-25-1071-2007]

    Mayr, H. G., J. G. Mengel, and C. L. Wolff. 2006. "QBO as potential amplifier of solar cycle influence." Geophysical Research Letters 33 (5): L05812 [10.1029/2005GL025650]

    Mayr, H. G., J. Mengel, and C. L. Wolff. 2005. "Wave-driven equatorial annual oscillation induced and modulated by the solar cycle." Geophysical Research Letters 32 (20): L20811 [10.1029/2005GL023090]

    Wolff, C. L., and H. G. Mayr. 2004. "The Sun's Reversing Flows and Heat Spike as Caused byg-Modes." The Astrophysical Journal 606 (2): L163-L166 [10.1086/421327]

    Wolff, C. L. 2002. "Rotational Sequences of Global Oscillations inside the Sun." The Astrophysical Journal 580 (2): L181-L184 [10.1086/345712]

    Mayr, H. G., C. L. Wolff, and R. E. Hartle. 2001. "Wave driven non-linear flow oscillator for the 22-year solar cycle." Geophysical Research Letters 28 (3): 463-466 [10.1029/2000gl012223]

    Wolff, C. L. 2000. "Linearr‐Modes below the Sun’s Convective Envelope." The Astrophysical Journal 531 (1): 591-598 [10.1086/308443]

    Wolff, C. L. 1998. "Linearr‐Mode Oscillations in a Differentially Rotating Star." The Astrophysical Journal 502 (2): 961-967 [10.1086/305934]

    Wolff, C. L. 1997. "Large Convective Events and Their Aftermath in a Rotating Star." The Astrophysical Journal 486 (2): 1058-1064 [10.1086/304540]

    Wolff, C. L. 1996. "Convection: Periodic due to r-Modes." The Astrophysical Journal 459 (2): [10.1086/309947]

    Wolff, C. 1995. "Oscillation-convection coupling: Cause of supergranulation ?" The Astrophysical Journal 443 423 [10.1086/175535]

    Wolff, C. L. 1993. "Equidistribution of energy and other quantities in oscillating systems." The Astrophysical Journal 414 892 [10.1086/173132]

    Wolff, C. L. 1992. ""Intermittent" solar periodicities." Solar Physics 142 (1): 187-195 [10.1007/bf00156641]

    Hoegy, W. R., and C. L. Wolff. 1989. "A seven-month solar cycle observed with the Langmuir probe on Pioneer Venus Orbiter." Journal of Geophysical Research 94 (A7): 8663 [10.1029/ja094ia07p08663]

    Wolff, C. L., and W. R. Hoegy. 1989. "Periodic solar EUV flux monitored near Venus." Solar Physics 123 (1): 7-20 [10.1007/bf00150008]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. R. Hickey. 1987. "Solar Irradiance Change and Special Longitudes Due to r-Modes." Science 235 (4796): 1631-1633 [10.1126/science.235.4796.1631]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. R. Hickey. 1987. "Multiperiodic irradiance changes caused by r-modes and g-modes." Solar Physics 109 (1): 1-18 [10.1007/bf00167395]

    Wolff, C. L., and J. B. Blizard. 1986. "Properties of r-modes in the Sun." Solar Physics 105 (1): 1-15 [10.1007/bf00156371]

    Wolff, C. L. 1984. "Solar Irradiance Changes Caused by g-Modes and Large Scale Convection." Solar Physics 93 1-13

    Kondo, Y., C. L. Wolff, and T. C. van Flandern. 1983. "On the clock mechanism and the implausibility of the 35 day precessing disk in HZ Herculis/Hercules X-1." The Astrophysical Journal 273 716 [10.1086/161407]

    Wolff, C. L. 1983. "The rotational spectrum of g-modes in the sun." The Astrophysical Journal 264 667 [10.1086/160640]

    Chan, K. L., S. Sofia, and C. L. Wolff. 1982. "Turbulent compressible convection in a deep atmosphere. I - Preliminary two-dimensional results." The Astrophysical Journal 263 935 [10.1086/160561]

    Chan, K. L., and C. L. Wolff. 1982. "ADI on staggered mesh—A method for the calculation of compressible convection." Journal of Computational Physics 47 (1): 109-129 [10.1016/0021-9991(82)90067-5]

    Hallam, K. L., and C. L. Wolff. 1981. "Rotation of dwarf star chromospheres in the ultraviolet." The Astrophysical Journal 248 L73 [10.1086/183627]

    Chan, K. L., C. L. Wolff, and S. Sofia. 1981. "A variable mixing-length ratio for convection theory." The Astrophysical Journal 244 582 [10.1086/158738]

    Wolff, C. L. 1980. "The collective excitation of g-modes in the sun." Lecture Notes in Physics 125 252-271 [10.1007/3-540-09994-8_25]

    Wolff, C. L. 1979. "Some simple properties of stellar pulsation modes." The Astrophysical Journal 227 943 [10.1086/156803]

    Wolff, C. L., and Y. Kondo. 1978. "Hercules X-1 = HZ Herculis - A multiperiod variable." The Astrophysical Journal 219 605 [10.1086/155821]

    Wolff, C. L. 1977. "White-dwarf variability and the rotation of g-modes." The Astrophysical Journal 216 784 [10.1086/155521]

    Wolff, C. L. 1976. "Timing of solar cycles by rigid internal rotations." The Astrophysical Journal 205 612 [10.1086/154318]

    Price, J. C., J. C. Brandt, and C. L. Wolff. 1975. "Interplanetary gas. XXI - Validity of the Chapman-Enskog description of the solar wind for protons." The Astrophysical Journal 199 756 [10.1086/153748]

    Wolff, C. L. 1975. "An anticorrelation between polar and equatorial rotation of the solar photosphere." Solar Physics 41 (2): 297-300 [10.1007/bf00154067]

    Wolff, C. L. 1974. "Rigid and differential rotation driven by oscillations within the sun." The Astrophysical Journal 194 489 [10.1086/153266]

    Wolff, C. L. 1974. "Distinctive patterns on the surface of slowly rotating stars whose oscillations are nonlinearly coupled." The Astrophysical Journal 193 721 [10.1086/153211]

    Wolff, C. L. 1973. "What is the horizontal scale of the 5-min oscillations?" Solar Physics 32 (1): 31-39 [10.1007/bf00152727]

    Brandt, J. C., N. Nichols Thayer, C. L. Wolff, and A. J. Hundhausen. 1973. "Interplanetary Gas. XVIII. The Mean Free Path of Protons at i Astronomical Unit." The Astrophysical Journal 183 1037 [10.1086/152290]

    Brandt, J. C., and C. L. Wolff. 1973. "Comments on Paper by E. Leer and T. E. Holzer, ‘Collisionless solar wind protons: A comparison of kinetic and hydrodynamic descriptions’." Journal of Geophysical Research 78 (16): 3197-3198 [10.1029/ja078i016p03197]

    Wolff, C. L. 1972. "The Five-Minute Oscillations as Nonradial Pulsations of the Entire Sun." The Astrophysical Journal 177 L87 [10.1086/181058]

    Wolff, C. L. 1972. "Free Oscillations of the Sun and Their Possible Stimulation by Solar Flares." The Astrophysical Journal 176 833 [10.1086/151680]

    Wolff, C. L., J. C. Brandt, and R. G. Southwick. 1971. "A Two-Component Model of the Quiet Solar Wind with Viscosity, Magnetic Field, and Reduced Heat Conduction." The Astrophysical Journal 165 181 [10.1086/150886]

    Roosen, R. G., and C. L. Wolff. 1969. "Are the Libration Clouds Real?" Nature 224 (5219): 571-571 [10.1038/224571a0]

    Brandt, J. C., C. Wolff, and J. P. Cassinelli. 1969. "Interplanetary Gas. XVI. a Calculation of the Angular Momentum of the Solar Wind." The Astrophysical Journal 156 1117 [10.1086/150039]

    Wolff, C. 1967. "Optical Environment about the OGO-III Satellite." Science 158 (3804): 1045-1046 [10.1126/science.158.3804.1045]

    Wolff, C. 1966. "The Effect of the Earth’s Radiation Belts on an Optical System." Applied Optics 5 (11): 1838 [10.1364/ao.5.001838]

    Kastner, S. O., and C. L. Wolff. 1966. "Earth as an occulting disk for study of solar EUV emission heights.." AIAA Journal 4 (6): 1096-1098 [10.2514/3.3615]

    Spencer, L. V., and C. Wolff. 1953. "Penetration and Diffusion of Hard X-Rays: Polarization Effects." Physical Review 90 (4): 510-514 [10.1103/physrev.90.510]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration