Bryan A Franz

Bryan A Franz

  • Assistant Chief for Science Research
  • Additional Roles: RESEARCH OCEANOGRAPHER, COTR
  • 301.286.5429
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 616.2
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    Bryan Franz is a Research Scientist and Assistant Chief for Science Research in the Ocean Ecology Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Since 1996, he has supported research and operations for satellite remote sensing of ocean biology and biogeochmistry at NASA, and he currently leads the reprocessing and associated calibration and validation efforts for the production of ocean biological and biogeochemical climate data records from the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), Visible and Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), and other satellite-based remote sensing radiometers. His work at NASA has focused on standardization of atmospheric correction and bio-optical algorithms to derived consistent, multi-mission time-series of ocean optical and biogeochemical properties. He also develops bio-optical inversion models for retrieval of marine inherent optical properties, vicarious calibration methods, and sensor cross-calibration techniques. He developed the processing software, vicarious calibration approach, and many of the validation and quality assessment methods used in the production of all global ocean color data products generated and distributed by NASA. He is a member of several domestic and international science Teams, including the MODIS Science Team, NPP/VIIRS Science Team, JAXA GCOM-C Science Team, KARI GOCI Science Team, ESA MERIS Quality Working Group, ESA Climate Change Initiative for Ocean Color, ESA Coast Colour Project.  He serves as an agency representative to the International Ocean Color Coordinating Group (IOCCG) and co-leads the IOCCG Standing Working Group on Ocean Color Climate Data Records.  Since 2009 he has served as the Ocean Discipline Leader for the MODIS Science Team, and he now leads the development of the Science Data Segment for the PACE mission.

     

    Research Interests

    Satellite remote sensing of ocean biology and biogeochemistry

    Visible to near infrared remote sensing of the oceans to retrieve the spectral radiance exiting the ocean surface (ocean color) and derive the concentration of optically active constituents within the upper ocean euphotic zone.  This involves instrument calibration, atmospheric radiative transfer, and bio-optical algorithm development and validation.

    Current Projects

    Ocean Biology Processing Group

    Data processing, distribution, calibration, software and algorithm development, and product accessment for a host of visible to infrared imagers on earth observing satellites.

    Pre-Aerosol Clouds and Ecosystems (PACE)


    Visible and Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)


    Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)


    Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS)


    Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS)


    Hyperspectral Imager for Coastal Oceans (HICO)


    Ocean Land Color Imager (OLCI) on Sentinel-3


    Second Generation Global Imager (SGLI) on GCOM-C


    Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI)


    Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS)


    Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (OCTS)


    Publications

    Refereed

    Concha, J., A. Mannino, B. Franz, S. Bailey, and W. Kim. 2019. "Vicarious calibration of GOCI for the SeaDAS ocean color retrieval." International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40 (10): 3984-4001 [10.1080/01431161.2018.1557793]

    Concha, J., A. Mannino, B. Franz, and W. Kim. 2019. "Uncertainties in the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) Remote Sensing Reflectance for Assessing Diurnal Variability of Biogeochemical Processes." Remote Sensing, 11 (3): 295 [10.3390/rs11030295]

    Hu, C., L. Feng, Z. Lee, et al. B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, and C. W. Proctor. 2019. "Improving Satellite Global Chlorophyll a Data Products Through Algorithm Refinement and Data Recovery." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124 (3): 1524-1543 [10.1029/2019jc014941]

    Werdell, P. J., M. J. Behrenfeld, P. S. Bontempi, et al. E. Boss, B. Cairns, G. T. Davis, B. A. Franz, U. B. Gliese, E. T. Gorman, O. Hasekamp, K. D. Knobelspiesse, A. Mannino, J. V. Martins, C. R. McClain, G. Meister, and L. A. Remer. 2019. "The Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission: Status, science, advances." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, [10.1175/bams-d-18-0056.1]

    Jamet, C., A. Ibrahim, Z. Ahmad, et al. F. Angelini, M. Babin, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, B. Cairns, J. Churnside, J. Chowdhary, A. B. Davis, D. Dionisi, L. Duforêt-Gaurier, B. Franz, R. Frouin, M. Gao, D. Gray, O. Hasekamp, X. He, C. Hostetler, O. V. Kalashnikova, K. Knobelspiesse, L. Lacour, H. Loisel, V. Martins, E. Rehm, L. Remer, I. Sanhaj, K. Stamnes, S. Stamnes, S. Victori, J. Werdell, and P.-W. Zhai. 2019. "Going Beyond Standard Ocean Color Observations: Lidar and Polarimetry." Frontiers in Marine Science, 6: [10.3389/fmars.2019.00251]

    Ibrahim, A., B. A. Franz, Z. Ahmad, and S. W. Bailey. 2019. "Multiband Atmospheric Correction Algorithm for Ocean Color Retrievals." Frontiers in Earth Science, 7: [10.3389/feart.2019.00116]

    Gao, M., P.-W. Zhai, B. A. Franz, et al. Y. Hu, K. Knobelspiesse, P. J. Werdell, A. Ibrahim, B. Cairns, and A. Chase. 2019. "Inversion of multi-angular polarimetric measurements over open and coastal ocean waters: a joint retrieval algorithm for aerosol and water leaving radiance properties." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 1-31 [10.5194/amt-2019-67]

    Ibrahim, A., B. Franz, Z. Ahmad, et al. R. Healy, K. Knobelspiesse, B.-C. Gao, C. Proctor, and P.-W. Zhai. 2018. "Atmospheric correction for hyperspectral ocean color retrieval with application to the Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HICO)." Remote Sensing of Environment, 204: 60-75 [10.1016/j.rse.2017.10.041]

    Frouin, R., D. Ramon, E. Boss, et al. D. Jolivet, M. Compiègne, J. Tan, H. Bouman, T. Jackson, B. Franz, T. Platt, and S. Sathyendranath. 2018. "Satellite Radiation Products for Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry: Needs, State-of-the-Art, Gaps, Development Priorities, and Opportunities." Frontiers in Marine Science, 5: [10.3389/fmars.2018.00003]

    Muller-Karger, F. E., E. Hestir, C. Ade, et al. K. Turpie, D. A. Roberts, D. Siegel, R. J. Miller, D. Humm, N. Izenberg, M. Keller, F. Morgan, R. Frouin, A. G. Dekker, R. Gardner, J. Goodman, B. Schaeffer, B. A. Franz, N. Pahlevan, A. G. Mannino, J. A. Concha, S. G. Ackleson, K. C. Cavanaugh, A. Romanou, M. Tzortziou, E. S. Boss, R. Pavlick, A. Freeman, C. S. Rousseaux, J. Dunne, M. C. Long, E. Klein, G. A. McKinley, J. Goes, R. Letelier, M. Kavanaugh, M. Roffer, A. Bracher, K. R. Arrigo, H. Dierssen, X. Zhang, F. W. Davis, B. Best, R. Guralnick, J. Moisan, H. M. Sosik, R. Kudela, C. B. Mouw, A. H. Barnard, S. Palacios, C. Roesler, E. G. Drakou, W. Appeltans, and W. Jetz. 2018. "Satellite sensor requirements for monitoring essential biodiversity variables of coastal ecosystems." Ecological Applications, 28 (3): 749-760 [10.1002/eap.1682]

    Gao, M., P.-W. Zhai, B. Franz, et al. Y. Hu, K. Knobelspiesse, P. J. Werdell, A. Ibrahim, F. Xu, and B. Cairns. 2018. "Retrieval of aerosol properties and water-leaving reflectance from multi-angular polarimetric measurements over coastal waters." Optics Express, 26 (7): 8968 [10.1364/oe.26.008968]

    Lee, Z., R. Arnone, D. Boyce, et al. B. Franz, S. Greb, C. Hu, S. Lavender, M. Lewis, B. Schaeffer, S. Shang, M. Wang, M. Wernand, and C. Wilson. 2018. "Global Water Clarity: Continuing a Century-Long Monitoring." Eos, 99: [10.1029/2018eo097251]

    Franz, B. A., E. M. Karakoylu, D. A. Siegel, and T. K. Westberry. 2018. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2017]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99 (8): S94-S96.

    Zhai, P.-W., E. Boss, B. Franz, P. Werdell, and Y. Hu. 2018. "Radiative Transfer Modeling of Phytoplankton Fluorescence Quenching Processes." Remote Sensing, 10 (8): 1309 [10.3390/rs10081309]

    Pahlevan, N., S. Balasubramanian, S. Sarkar, and B. Franz. 2018. "Toward Long-Term Aquatic Science Products from Heritage Landsat Missions." Remote Sensing, 10 (9): 1337 [10.3390/rs10091337]

    Pahlevan, N., J. R. Schott, B. A. Franz, et al. G. Zibordi, B. Markham, S. Bailey, C. B. Schaaf, M. Ondrusek, S. Greb, and C. M. Strait. 2017. "Landsat 8 remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) products: Evaluations, intercomparisons, and enhancements." Remote Sensing of Environment, 190: 289-301 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.12.030]

    Zhai, P.-W., Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, et al. B. A. Franz, J. Werdell, and E. Boss. 2017. "Vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems including inelastic sources in ocean waters." Optics Express, 25 (8): A223 [10.1364/oe.25.00a223]

    Zhai, P.-W., K. Knobelspiesse, A. Ibrahim, et al. B. A. Franz, Y. Hu, M. Gao, and R. Frouin. 2017. "Water-leaving contribution to polarized radiation field over ocean." Optics Express, 25 (16): A689 [10.1364/oe.25.00a689]

    Gregg, W. W., C. S. Rousseaux, and B. A. Franz. 2017. "Global trends in ocean phytoplankton: a new assessment using revised ocean colour data." Remote Sensing Letters, 8 (12): 1102-1111 [10.1080/2150704x.2017.1354263]

    Pahlevan, N., S. Sarkar, B. A. Franz, S. Velaudhaperumal Balasubramanian, and J. He. 2017. "Sentinel-2 MultiSpectral Instrument (MSI) data processing for aquatic science applications: Demonstrations and validations." Remote Sensing of Environment, 201: 47-56 [10.1016/j.rse.2017.08.033]

    Kahn, R. A., A. M. Sayer, Z. Ahmad, and B. A. Franz. 2016. "The Sensitivity of SeaWiFS Ocean Color Retrievals to Aerosol Amount and Type." J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech, 33 (6): 1185–1209 [10.1175/JTECH-D-15.0121.1]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and S. Signorini. 2016. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2015]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society , 97 (7): S87-S89.

    Pahlevan, N., S. Sarkar, and B. A. Franz. 2016. "Uncertainties in coastal ocean color products: Impacts of spatial sampling." Remote Sensing of Environment, 181: 14-26 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.022]

    Robinson, W. D., B. A. Franz, A. Mannino, and J.-H. Ahn. 2016. "Cloud motion in the GOCI/COMS ocean colour data." International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37 (20): 4948-4963 [10.1080/01431161.2016.1225177]

    Signorini, S., B. A. Franz, and C. R. McClain. 2015. "Chlorophyll variability in the oligotrophic gyres: mechanisms, seasonality and trends." Front. Mar. Sci. , 2: 1 [10.3389/fmars.2015.00001 ]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, N. A. Kuring, and J. Werdell. 2015. "Ocean color measurements with the Operational Land Imager on Landsat-8: implementation and evaluation in SeaDAS." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 9 (1): 096070 [10.1117/I.JRS.9.096070]

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, et al. F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey. 2015. "On-orbit calibration of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite for ocean color applications ." Applied Optics, 54 (8): 1984-2006 [10.1364/AO.54.001984]

    Zibordi, G., F. Mélin, K. J. Voss, et al. B. C. Johnson, B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, J.-P. Huot, M. Wang, and D. Antoine. 2015. "System vicarious calibration for ocean color climate change applications: Requirements for in situ data." Remote Sensing of Environment, 159: 361-369 [10.1016/j.rse.2014.12.015]

    McKinna, L. I., P. Fearns, S. Weeks, et al. J. Werdell, M. Reichstetter, B. A. Franz, D. M. Shea, and G. C. Feldman. 2015. "A semianalytical ocean color inversion algorithm with explicit water column depth and substrate reflectance parameterization." Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 120 (3): 1741-1770 [10.1002/ 2014JC010224]

    Brewin, R. J., S. Sathyendranath, D. Müller, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, J. Werdell, and G. N. White. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms." Remote Sensing of Environment, 162: 271-294 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.09.016]

    Müller, D., H. Krasemann, R. J. Brewin, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. A. Franz, M. G. Grant, S. B. Groom, F. Mélin, T. Platt, P. Regner, S. Sathyendranath, F. Steinmetz, and J. Swinton. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: II. Spatial and temporal homogeneity of satellite data retrieval due to systematic effects in atmospheric correction processors." Remote Sensing of Environment, 162: 257-270 [10.1016/j.rse.2015.01.033]

    Müller, D., H. Krasemann, R. J. Brewin, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. A. Franz, M. G. Grant, S. B. Groom, F. Mélin, T. Platt, P. Regner, S. Sathyendranath, F. Steinmetz, and J. Swinton. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: I. A methodology for assessing atmospheric correction processors based on in-situ measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment, 162: 242-256 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.11.026]

    Franz, B. A., M. Behrenfeld, D. Siegel, and P. J. Werdell. 2015. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2014] ." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (7): S85-S87 [10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Zhai, P.-W., Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, B. A. Franz, and E. Boss. 2015. "Contribution of Raman scattering to polarized radiation field in ocean waters." Optics Express, 23 (18): 23582 [10.1364/oe.23.023582]

    Lyapustin, A. I., Y. Wang, X. Xiong, et al. G. Meister, S. E. Platnick, R. C. Levy, B. A. Franz, S. Korkin, T. Hilker, C. J. Tucker, F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, A. Wu, and A. A. Angal. 2014. "Scientific impact of MODIS C5 calibration degradation and C6+ improvements." Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7: 4353-4365 [10.5194/amt-7-4353-2014]

    Turpie, K. R., R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo. 2014. "Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records." Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI, 9111: [10.1117/12.2053427]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and J. Werdell. 2014. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95 (7): 578-580 [10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Meister, G., and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Corrections to the MODIS Aqua Calibration Derived From MODIS Aqua Ocean Color Products." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 52 (10): 6534-6541 [10.1109/tgrs.2013.2297233]

    Huot, Y., B. A. Franz, and M. Fradette. 2013. "Estimating variability in the quantum yield of Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: A global analysis of oceanic waters." Remote Sensing of Environment, 132: 238-253 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.003]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, J. T. Lefler, W. D. Robinson, and E. Boss. 2013. "Retrieving marine inherent optical properties from satellites using temperature and salinity-dependent backscattering by seawater." Opt. Express, 21 (26): 32,611-32,622 [10.1364/OE.21.032611]

    Siegel, D. A., B. Behrenfeld, S. Maritorena, et al. C. McClain, D. Antoine, S. Bailey, P. Bontempi, E. Boss, H. Dierssen, S. Doney, R. Eplee, R. Evans, G. Feldman, E. Fields, B. Franz, N. Kuring, C. Mengelt, R. Nelson, F. Patt, W. Robinson, J. Sarmiento, C. Swan, P. Werdell, T. Westberry, J. Wilding, and J. Yoder. 2013. "Regional to global assessments of phytoplankton dynamics from the SeaWiFS mission." Remote Sensing of Environment, 135: 77-91 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.03.025]

    Aurin, D., A. Mannino, and B. Franz. 2013. "Spatially resolving ocean color and sediment dispersion in river plumes, coastal systems, and continental shelf waters." Remote Sensing of Environment, 137: 212–225 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.06.018]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, et al. G. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. d'Andon, and A. Mangin. 2013. "Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties." Applied Optics, 52 (10): 2019-2037 [10.1364/AO.52.002019]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and P. J. Werdell. 2013. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, State of the Climate: 575-578.

    Hu, C., F. Lian, Z. Lee, et al. C. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. Mc Clain, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "On the signal-to-noise ratio and product uncertainty of satellite ocean color measurements." Proc. Ocean Optics XXI,

    Hu, C., Z. Lee, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (C1): C01011 [10.1029/2011JC007395]

    Siegel, D. A., D. Antoine, M. Behrenfeld, et al. O. d'Andon, E. Fields, B. Franz, P. Goryl, S. Maritorena, C. McClain, M. Wang, and J. Yoder. 2012. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in “State of the Climate in 2011”]." Bull Am Meteorol Soc, 93 (7): S107-S110 [10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Hu, C., L. Feng, Z. Lee, et al. C. O. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. McClain, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Dynamic range and sensitivity requirements of satellite ocean color sensors: learning from the past." Applied Optics, 51 (25): 6045 [10.1364/AO.51.006045]

    Eplee, R., G. Meister, F. S. Patt, et al. R. A. Barnes, S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, and C. R. McClain. 2012. "On-orbit calibration of SeaWiFS." Applied Optics, 51 (36): 8702-8730 [10.1364/AO.51.008702]

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "Corrections to the Calibration of MODIS Aqua Ocean Color Bands Derived From SeaWiFS Data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 50 (1): 310-319 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2160552]

    Moore, T., M. Dowell, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Detection of coccolithophore blooms in ocean color satellite imagery: A generalized approach for use with multiple sensors." Remote Sens Environ, 117: 249-263 [10.1016/j.rse.2011.10.001]

    Lee, Z., B. A. Franz, S. Shang, Q. Dong, and R. Arnone. 2011. "Some insights of spectral optimization in ocean color inversion." Proc. SPIE 8175, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2011, 8175: 817508 [10.1117/12.897875]

    Melin, F., G. Zibordi, B. Jean-Francios, et al. S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, K. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant. 2011. "Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed with SeaDAS over the European seas." Opt. Express, 19 (25): 25,657-25,671 [10.1364/OE.19.025657]

    Jeong, M.-J., N. C. Hsu, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, and G. Meister. 2011. "Impacts of Cross-Platform Vicarious Calibration on the Deep Blue Aerosol Retrievals for Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Aboard Terra." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 49 (12): 4877-4888 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153205]

    Siegel, D. A., and B. A. Franz. 2010. "Oceanography: Century of phytoplankton change." Nature, 466 (7306): 569-571 [10.1038/466569a]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey. 2010. "Evaluation of shortwave infrared atmospheric correction for ocean color remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay." Remote Sensing of Environment, 114 (10): 2238-2247 [10.1016/j.rse.2010.04.027]

    Ahmad, Z., B. A. Franz, C. R. Mc Clain, et al. E. J. Kwiatkowska, P. J. Werdell, E. P. Shettle, and B. N. Holben. 2010. "New aerosol models for the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and normalized water-leaving radiances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS sensors over coastal regions and open oceans." Applied Optics, 49 (29): 5545 [10.1364/AO.49.005545]

    Bailey, S. W., B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell. 2010. "Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean color data processing." Optics Express, 7521-7527:

    Kuchinke, C., H. Gordon, and B. A. Franz. 2009. "Spectral optimization for constituent retrieval in Case 2 waters I: Implementation and performance." Remote Sensing of Environment, 113 (3): 571-587 [10.1016/j.rse.2008.11.001]

    Behrenfeld, M., T. Westberry, R. O'Malley, et al. J. Wiggert, E. Boss, D. Siegel, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. Feldman, G. Dall'Olmo, A. Milligan, S. Doney, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald. 2009. "Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton." Biogeosci, 6: 779-794 [ www.biogeosciences.net/6/779/2009/]

    Bailey, S. W., S. B. Hooker, A. David, B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell. 2008. "Sources and assumptions for the vicarious calibration of ocean color satellite observations." Applied Optics, 47 (12): 2035 [10.1364/AO.47.002035]

    Gordon, H., and B. A. Franz. 2008. "Remote sensing of ocean color: Assessment of the water-leaving radiance bidirectional effects on the atmospheric diffuse transmittance for SeaWiFS and MODIS intercomparisons." Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (5): 2677-2685 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.12.010]

    Stramski, D., R. Reynolds, M. Babin, et al. S. Kaczmarek, M. Lewis, R. Ouml;ttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre. 2008. "Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans." Biogeosci, 5: 171-201.

    Franz, B. A., E. Kwiatkowska, G. Meister, and C. R. McClain. 2008. "Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on Terra: limitations for ocean color applications." J Appl Remote Sens, 2 (1): 023525 [10.1117/1.2957964]

    Kwiatkowska, E., B. A. Franz, G. Meister, C. R. Mcclain, and X. Xiong. 2008. "Cross calibration of ocean-color bands from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on Terra platform." Appl Opt, 47 (36): 6796-6810 [10.1364/AO.47.006796]

    Werdell, P. J., S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, A. Morel, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2007. "On-orbit vicarious calibration of ocean color sensors using an ocean surface reflectance model." Applied Optics, 46 (23): 5649 [10.1364/AO.46.005649]

    Eplee, R. E., F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, et al. S. W. Bailey, G. Meister, and C. R. McClain. 2007. "SeaWiFS on-orbit gain and detector calibrations: effect on ocean products." Applied Optics, 46: 6733-6750 [10.1364/AO.46.006733]

    Ahmad, Z., C. R. Mc Clain, J. R. Herman, et al. B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, W. D. Robinson, E. Buscela, and M. A. Tzortziou. 2007. "Atmospheric correction for NO2 absorption in retrieving water-leaving reflectances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS measurements." Applied Optics, 46 (26): 6504 [10.1364/AO.46.006504]

    Morel, A., Y. Huot, B. Gentili, et al. P. J. Werdell, S. Hooker, and B. A. Franz. 2007. "Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the prespective of multi-sensor approach." Remote Sens Environ, 111: 69-88.

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, and C. R. McClain. 2007. "Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry." Appl Opt, 46 (22): 5068-5082.

    Meister, G., E. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, et al. F. Patt, G. Feldman, and C. R. McClain. 2005. "Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction." Appl Opt, 44 (26): 5524-5535.

    Franz, B. A., J. Wilding, and J. Gales. 2003. "Operational Merging of MODIS and SeaWiFS Ocean Color Products at Level-3." NASA/TM-2003, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 47-49.

    Franz, B. A. 2003. "A Long-term Intercomparison of Oceanic Optical Property Retrievals from MODIS-Terra and SeaWiFS." MODIS Validation, Data Merger and Other Activities Accomplished by the SIMBIOS Project: 2002-2003 NASA/TM-2003-212249, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland: 19-31 [Full Text (Link)]

    Frouin, R., B. A. Franz, and P. Werdell. 2003. "The SeaWiFS PAR Product." NASA/TM 2003--206892, Vol 22, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 46-50.

    Patt, F., B. A. Franz, W. Robinson, and J. Gales. 2003. "Level-1a and Level-3 Processing Changes." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 41-45.

    Wang, M., A. Isaacman, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2002. "Ocean-color optical property data Derived from the Japanese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner and the French Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectances: a comparison study." Appl Opt, 41 (6): 974-990.

    Wang, M., B. A. Franz, R. Barnes, and C. R. McClain. 2001. "Effects of Spectral Bandpass on SeaWiFS-Retrieved Near-Surface Optical Properties of the Ocean." Applied Optics, 40 (3): 343-348 [10.1364/AO.40.000343]

    Wang, M., and B. A. Franz. 2000. "Comparing the ocean color measurements between MOS and SeaWiFS: a vicarious intercalibration approach for MOS." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 38 (1): 184-197 [10.1109/36.823911]

    Stumpf, R., G. Feldman, N. Kuring, B. A. Franz, and E. Green. 1999. "SeaWiFS Spies Reefs." Reef Encounter, 26:

    Kelsall, T., J. Weiland, B. Franz, et al. W. Reach, R. Arendt, E. Dwek, H. Freudenreich, M. Hauser, S. Moseley, N. Odegard, R. Silverberg, and E. Wright. 1998. "The COBE Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment Search for the Cosmic Infrared Background. II. Model of the Interplanetary Dust Cloud." The Astrophysical Journal, 508 (1): 44-73 [10.1086/306380]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, and J. L. Weiland. 1997. "The Three-Dimensional Structure of the Zodiacal Dust Bands." Icarus, 127 (2): 461-484 [10.1006/icar.1997.5704]

    Franz, B. A., W. T. Reach, T. Kelsall, and J. L. Weiland. 1996. "Inversion of the DIRBE photometry to derive the three dimensional distribution of the interplanetary dust." AIP Conference Proceedings, [10.1063/1.49235]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, T. Kelsall, and J. L. Weiland. 1996. "DIRBE observations of the zodiacal light." AIP Conference Proceedings, [10.1063/1.49209]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, J. L. Weiland, et al. M. G. Hauser, T. N. Kelsall, E. L. Wright, G. Rawleyt, S. W. Stemwedel, and W. J. Spiesman. 1995. "Observational confirmation of a circumsolar dust ring by the COBE satellite." Nature, 374 (6522): 521-523 [10.1038/374521a0]

    Sodroski, T. J., C. Bennett, N. Boggess, et al. E. Dwek, B. A. Franz, M. G. Hauser, T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, N. Odegard, R. F. Silverberg, and J. L. Weiland. 1994. "Large-scale characteristics of interstellar dust from COBE DIRBE observations." The Astrophysical Journal, 428: 638 [10.1086/174274]

    Sodroski, T. J., R. G. Arendt, M. G. Hauser, et al. N. W. Boggess, E. Dwek, T. J. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, T. L. Murdock, R. F. Silverberg, G. B. Berriman, B. A. Franz, H. T. Freudenreich, C. M. Lisse, M. Mitra, N. P. Odegard, W. J. Spiesman, S. W. Stemwedel, G. N. Toller, and J. L. Weiland. 1993. "Observations of the large-scale infrared emission from the galactic plane region by the diffuse infrared background experiment." Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, [10.1117/12.157827]

    Sodroski, T. J., M. G. Hauser, E. Dwek, et al. T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, R. F. Silverberg, N. Boggess, N. Odegard, J. L. Weiland, and B. Franz. 1992. "Large-scale physical conditions in the interstellar medium from DIRBE observations." AIP Conference Proceedings, [10.1063/1.44035]

    Freudenreich, H. T., T. J. Sodroski, G. B. Berriman, et al. E. Dwek, B. A. Franz, M. G. Hauser, T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, N. P. Odegard, R. F. Silverberg, G. N. Toller, and J. L. Weiland. 1992. "Dirbe evidence for a warp in the Galaxy." AIP Conference Proceedings, [10.1063/1.43975]

    Non-Refereed

    Lyapustin, A. I., X. Xiong, Y. Wang, et al. G. Meister, S. E. Platnick, R. C. Levy, B. A. Franz, A. Wu, and A. A. Angal. 2015. "MODIS Terra-Aqua C6+ Cross-Calibration Improvements ." GSICS Quarterly 9 (2): [10.7289/V5XK8CHN]

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, F. S. Patt, and B. A. Franz. 2015. "Updates to the on-orbit calibration of SNPP VIIRS for ocean color applications." Earth Observing Systems XX 9607: [10.1117/12.2185940]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, N. Kuring, and P. J. Werdell. 2014. "Ocean Color Measurements from Landsat-8 OLI using SeaDAS." Proc. Ocean Optics XXII

    McKinna, L. I., P. J. Werdell, P. R. Fearns, et al. S. J. Weeks, M. Reichstetter, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, D. M. Shea, and G. Feldman. 2014. "SWIM: a semi-analytical ocean color inversion algorithm for optically shallow waters." Proc. Ocean Optics XXII

    Meister, G., R. E. Eplee, and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Corrections to MODIS Terra calibration and polarization trending derived from ocean color products." Earth Observing Systems XIX 9218: [10.1117/12.2062714]

    Melin, F., and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Assessment of Satellite Ocean Colour Radiometry and Derived Geophysical Products (Chapter 6.1)." Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements, 1st Edition 47: 609-638, ISBN: 9780124170117.

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, et al. F. S. Patt, G. F. Fireman, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2013. "A synthesis of VIIRS solar and lunar calibrations." Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII 8866: 88661L [10.1117/12.2024069]

    Turpie, K. R., B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, et al. R. E. Eplee, G. Meister, G. F. Fireman, F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "Suomi NPP VIIRS ocean color data product early mission assessment." Proc. SPIE 8510, Earth Observing Systems XVII 8510: 85101H [10.1117/12.931113]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, G. Meister, and P. J. Werdell. 2012. "Quality and Consistency of the NASA Ocean Color Data Record." Proc. Ocean Optics XXI

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, et al. G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing." Proc. SPIE 8510, Earth Observing Systems XVII 8510: 85101G [10.1117/12.930483]

    Turpie, K. R., G. Meister, R. E. Eplee, et al. R. A. Barnes, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain. 2011. "Assessment of NPP VIIRS Ocean Color Data Products: Hope and Risk." Proc. of SPIE 8153: 9 pp. [10.1117/12.893945]

    Robinson, W. D., F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, K. R. Turpie, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2011. "The VIIRS ocean data simulator enhancements and results." Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI 8153: 81531P [10.1117/12.892936]

    Meister, G., C. R. Mc Clain, Z. Ahmad, et al. S. W. Bailey, R. A. Barnes, S. Brown, G. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, A. Holmes, W. B. Monosmith, F. S. Patt, R. P. Stumpf, K. R. Turpie, and P. J. Werdell. 2011. "Requirements for an Advanced Ocean Radiometer ." NASA Tech Memo 37:

    Meister, G., and B. A. Franz. 2011. "Adjustments to the MODIS Terra radiometric calibration and polarization sensitivity in the 2010 reprocessing." Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI 8153: 815308 [10.1117/12.891787]

    Eplee, R. E., G. Meister, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2011. "Uncertainty Assessment of the SeaWiFS On-Orbit Calibration." Earth Observing Systems XVI:

    Franz, B. A., and P. J. Werdell. 2010. "A Generalized Framework for Modeling of Inherent Optical Properties in Ocean Remote Sensing Applications." Proc. Ocean Optics XX

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mcclain. 2009. "Influence of thin cirrus clouds on ocean color products." Proc. SPIE 7459, Ocean Remote Sensing: Methods and Applications 7459: San Diego, CA: 745903 [10.1117/12.827272]

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, E. J. Kwiatkowska, R. E. Eplee, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2009. "Detector dependency of MODIS polarization sensitivity derived from on-orbit characterization." Proc. SPIE 7452, Earth Observing Systems XIV 7452: San Diego, CA: 74520N [10.1117/12.825385]

    Robinson, W., F. Patt, B. A. Franz, K. Turpie, and C. R. Mcclain. 2009. "A VIIRS ocean data simulator." Proc. SPIE 7452, Earth Observing Systems XIV 7452: San Diego: 75420A [10.1117/12.827058]

    Werdell, J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, L. W. Harding Jr., and G. C. Feldman. 2007. "Approach for the long-term spatial and temporal evaluation of ocean color satelliet data products in a coastal environment." Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng 6680: 12 pp [10.1117/12.732489]

    Elpee Jr, R. E., F. Patt, G. Meister, et al. B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "On-orbit calibration of SeaWiFS: revised temperature and gain corrections." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677: San Diego, California, 15 pp.

    Meister, G., C. Pan, F. Patt, et al. B. A. Franz, X. Xiong, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "Correction of sub-frame striping in high-resolution MODIS ocean color products." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677: San Diego, California, 12 pp [10.1117/12.732191]

    Franz, B. A., E. J. Kwiatkowska, G. Meister, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "Utility of MODIS-Terra for ocean color applications." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677: San Diego, California, 14 pp.

    Franz, B. A., P. J. Werdell, G. Meister, et al. E. J. Kwiatkowska, S. W. Bailey, Z. Ahmad, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2006. "MODIS Land Bands for Ocean Remote Sensing Applications." Proc. Ocean Optics XVIII

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, and C. R. McClain. 2006. "Recent Advances in the Operational Vicarious Calibration of Visible and Near- infrared Ocean Color Satellite Radiometry." Proc. Ocean Optics XVIII

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, K. R. Turpie, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2005. "The MODIS Aqua Point-Spread Function for Ocean Color Bands." 9th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing 36: 334-336.

    Franz, B. A., P. Werdell, G. Meister, et al. S. W. Bailey, R. E. Eplee Jr, G. C. Feldman, E. Kwiatkowska, C. R. Mcclain, F. Patt, and D. Thomas. 2005. "The continuity of ocean color measurements from SeaWiFS to MODIS." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 5882: San Diego, California, 304-316.

    Franz, B. A., F. Patt, R. A. Barnes, et al. R. E. Eplee Jr, J. E. O'Reilly, W. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould Jr, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, and J. A. Yoder. 2003. "Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing." NASA/TM 2003-206892 22: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 74 pp.

    Fargion, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, et al. C. Pietras, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, G. Meister, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Werdell, and C. R. Mcclain. 2003. "SIMBIOS Program in Support of Ocean Color Missions: 1997-2003." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 5155: San Diego, CA, 49-60.

    Fargion, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, et al. C. Pietras, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, G. Meister, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Werdell, C. R. Mc Clain, and G. Feldman. 2003. "SIMBIOS Project Data Processing and Analysis Results." NASA/TM-2003-211622 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 11841.

    Franz, B. A., R. Eplee, J. , S. W. Bailey, and M. Wang. 2003. "Changes to the Atmospheric Correction Algorithm and Retrieval of Oceanic Optical Properties." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 29-33.

    Robinson, W., B. A. Franz, F. Patt, S. W. Bailey, and P. J. Werdell. 2003. "Masks and Flags Updates." NASA/TM 2003--206892, Vol 22 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 34-40.

    Bailey, S. W., W. Robinson, and B. A. Franz. 2003. "Modifications to the SeaWiFS NIR Correction." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 26-28.

    Brief Bio

    Bryan Franz is a Research Scientist and Assistant Chief for Science Research in the Ocean Ecology Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Since 1996, he has supported research and operations for satellite remote sensing of ocean biology and biogeochmistry at NASA, and he currently leads the reprocessing and associated calibration and validation efforts for the production of ocean biological and biogeochemical climate data records from the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), Visible and Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), and other satellite-based remote sensing radiometers. His work at NASA has focused on standardization of atmospheric correction and bio-optical algorithms to derived consistent, multi-mission time-series of ocean optical and biogeochemical properties. He also develops bio-optical inversion models for retrieval of marine inherent optical properties, vicarious calibration methods, and sensor cross-calibration techniques. He developed the processing software, vicarious calibration approach, and many of the validation and quality assessment methods used in the production of all global ocean color data products generated and distributed by NASA. He is a member of several domestic and international science Teams, including the MODIS Science Team, NPP/VIIRS Science Team, JAXA GCOM-C Science Team, KARI GOCI Science Team, ESA MERIS Quality Working Group, ESA Climate Change Initiative for Ocean Color, ESA Coast Colour Project.  He serves as an agency representative to the International Ocean Color Coordinating Group (IOCCG) and co-leads the IOCCG Standing Working Group on Ocean Color Climate Data Records.  Since 2009 he has served as the Ocean Discipline Leader for the MODIS Science Team, and he now leads the development of the Science Data Segment for the PACE mission.

     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Concha, J., A. Mannino, B. Franz, S. Bailey, and W. Kim. 2019. "Vicarious calibration of GOCI for the SeaDAS ocean color retrieval." International Journal of Remote Sensing 40 (10): 3984-4001 [10.1080/01431161.2018.1557793]

    Concha, J., A. Mannino, B. Franz, and W. Kim. 2019. "Uncertainties in the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) Remote Sensing Reflectance for Assessing Diurnal Variability of Biogeochemical Processes." Remote Sensing 11 (3): 295 [10.3390/rs11030295]

    Hu, C., L. Feng, Z. Lee, et al. B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, and C. W. Proctor. 2019. "Improving Satellite Global Chlorophyll a Data Products Through Algorithm Refinement and Data Recovery." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 124 (3): 1524-1543 [10.1029/2019jc014941]

    Werdell, P. J., M. J. Behrenfeld, P. S. Bontempi, et al. E. Boss, B. Cairns, G. T. Davis, B. A. Franz, U. B. Gliese, E. T. Gorman, O. Hasekamp, K. D. Knobelspiesse, A. Mannino, J. V. Martins, C. R. McClain, G. Meister, and L. A. Remer. 2019. "The Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission: Status, science, advances." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society [10.1175/bams-d-18-0056.1]

    Jamet, C., A. Ibrahim, Z. Ahmad, et al. F. Angelini, M. Babin, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, B. Cairns, J. Churnside, J. Chowdhary, A. B. Davis, D. Dionisi, L. Duforêt-Gaurier, B. Franz, R. Frouin, M. Gao, D. Gray, O. Hasekamp, X. He, C. Hostetler, O. V. Kalashnikova, K. Knobelspiesse, L. Lacour, H. Loisel, V. Martins, E. Rehm, L. Remer, I. Sanhaj, K. Stamnes, S. Stamnes, S. Victori, J. Werdell, and P.-W. Zhai. 2019. "Going Beyond Standard Ocean Color Observations: Lidar and Polarimetry." Frontiers in Marine Science 6 [10.3389/fmars.2019.00251]

    Ibrahim, A., B. A. Franz, Z. Ahmad, and S. W. Bailey. 2019. "Multiband Atmospheric Correction Algorithm for Ocean Color Retrievals." Frontiers in Earth Science 7 [10.3389/feart.2019.00116]

    Gao, M., P.-W. Zhai, B. A. Franz, et al. Y. Hu, K. Knobelspiesse, P. J. Werdell, A. Ibrahim, B. Cairns, and A. Chase. 2019. "Inversion of multi-angular polarimetric measurements over open and coastal ocean waters: a joint retrieval algorithm for aerosol and water leaving radiance properties." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 1-31 [10.5194/amt-2019-67]

    Ibrahim, A., B. Franz, Z. Ahmad, et al. R. Healy, K. Knobelspiesse, B.-C. Gao, C. Proctor, and P.-W. Zhai. 2018. "Atmospheric correction for hyperspectral ocean color retrieval with application to the Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HICO)." Remote Sensing of Environment 204 60-75 [10.1016/j.rse.2017.10.041]

    Frouin, R., D. Ramon, E. Boss, et al. D. Jolivet, M. Compiègne, J. Tan, H. Bouman, T. Jackson, B. Franz, T. Platt, and S. Sathyendranath. 2018. "Satellite Radiation Products for Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry: Needs, State-of-the-Art, Gaps, Development Priorities, and Opportunities." Frontiers in Marine Science 5 [10.3389/fmars.2018.00003]

    Muller-Karger, F. E., E. Hestir, C. Ade, et al. K. Turpie, D. A. Roberts, D. Siegel, R. J. Miller, D. Humm, N. Izenberg, M. Keller, F. Morgan, R. Frouin, A. G. Dekker, R. Gardner, J. Goodman, B. Schaeffer, B. A. Franz, N. Pahlevan, A. G. Mannino, J. A. Concha, S. G. Ackleson, K. C. Cavanaugh, A. Romanou, M. Tzortziou, E. S. Boss, R. Pavlick, A. Freeman, C. S. Rousseaux, J. Dunne, M. C. Long, E. Klein, G. A. McKinley, J. Goes, R. Letelier, M. Kavanaugh, M. Roffer, A. Bracher, K. R. Arrigo, H. Dierssen, X. Zhang, F. W. Davis, B. Best, R. Guralnick, J. Moisan, H. M. Sosik, R. Kudela, C. B. Mouw, A. H. Barnard, S. Palacios, C. Roesler, E. G. Drakou, W. Appeltans, and W. Jetz. 2018. "Satellite sensor requirements for monitoring essential biodiversity variables of coastal ecosystems." Ecological Applications 28 (3): 749-760 [10.1002/eap.1682]

    Gao, M., P.-W. Zhai, B. Franz, et al. Y. Hu, K. Knobelspiesse, P. J. Werdell, A. Ibrahim, F. Xu, and B. Cairns. 2018. "Retrieval of aerosol properties and water-leaving reflectance from multi-angular polarimetric measurements over coastal waters." Optics Express 26 (7): 8968 [10.1364/oe.26.008968]

    Lee, Z., R. Arnone, D. Boyce, et al. B. Franz, S. Greb, C. Hu, S. Lavender, M. Lewis, B. Schaeffer, S. Shang, M. Wang, M. Wernand, and C. Wilson. 2018. "Global Water Clarity: Continuing a Century-Long Monitoring." Eos 99 [10.1029/2018eo097251]

    Franz, B. A., E. M. Karakoylu, D. A. Siegel, and T. K. Westberry. 2018. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2017]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99 (8): S94-S96

    Zhai, P.-W., E. Boss, B. Franz, P. Werdell, and Y. Hu. 2018. "Radiative Transfer Modeling of Phytoplankton Fluorescence Quenching Processes." Remote Sensing 10 (8): 1309 [10.3390/rs10081309]

    Pahlevan, N., S. Balasubramanian, S. Sarkar, and B. Franz. 2018. "Toward Long-Term Aquatic Science Products from Heritage Landsat Missions." Remote Sensing 10 (9): 1337 [10.3390/rs10091337]

    Pahlevan, N., J. R. Schott, B. A. Franz, et al. G. Zibordi, B. Markham, S. Bailey, C. B. Schaaf, M. Ondrusek, S. Greb, and C. M. Strait. 2017. "Landsat 8 remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) products: Evaluations, intercomparisons, and enhancements." Remote Sensing of Environment 190 289-301 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.12.030]

    Zhai, P.-W., Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, et al. B. A. Franz, J. Werdell, and E. Boss. 2017. "Vector radiative transfer model for coupled atmosphere and ocean systems including inelastic sources in ocean waters." Optics Express 25 (8): A223 [10.1364/oe.25.00a223]

    Zhai, P.-W., K. Knobelspiesse, A. Ibrahim, et al. B. A. Franz, Y. Hu, M. Gao, and R. Frouin. 2017. "Water-leaving contribution to polarized radiation field over ocean." Optics Express 25 (16): A689 [10.1364/oe.25.00a689]

    Gregg, W. W., C. S. Rousseaux, and B. A. Franz. 2017. "Global trends in ocean phytoplankton: a new assessment using revised ocean colour data." Remote Sensing Letters 8 (12): 1102-1111 [10.1080/2150704x.2017.1354263]

    Pahlevan, N., S. Sarkar, B. A. Franz, S. Velaudhaperumal Balasubramanian, and J. He. 2017. "Sentinel-2 MultiSpectral Instrument (MSI) data processing for aquatic science applications: Demonstrations and validations." Remote Sensing of Environment 201 47-56 [10.1016/j.rse.2017.08.033]

    Kahn, R. A., A. M. Sayer, Z. Ahmad, and B. A. Franz. 2016. "The Sensitivity of SeaWiFS Ocean Color Retrievals to Aerosol Amount and Type." J. Atmos. and Oceanic Tech 33 (6): 1185–1209 [10.1175/JTECH-D-15.0121.1]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and S. Signorini. 2016. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2015]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97 (7): S87-S89

    Pahlevan, N., S. Sarkar, and B. A. Franz. 2016. "Uncertainties in coastal ocean color products: Impacts of spatial sampling." Remote Sensing of Environment 181 14-26 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.022]

    Robinson, W. D., B. A. Franz, A. Mannino, and J.-H. Ahn. 2016. "Cloud motion in the GOCI/COMS ocean colour data." International Journal of Remote Sensing 37 (20): 4948-4963 [10.1080/01431161.2016.1225177]

    Signorini, S., B. A. Franz, and C. R. McClain. 2015. "Chlorophyll variability in the oligotrophic gyres: mechanisms, seasonality and trends." Front. Mar. Sci. 2 1 [10.3389/fmars.2015.00001 ]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, N. A. Kuring, and J. Werdell. 2015. "Ocean color measurements with the Operational Land Imager on Landsat-8: implementation and evaluation in SeaDAS." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 9 (1): 096070 [10.1117/I.JRS.9.096070]

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, et al. F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey. 2015. "On-orbit calibration of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite for ocean color applications ." Applied Optics 54 (8): 1984-2006 [10.1364/AO.54.001984]

    Zibordi, G., F. Mélin, K. J. Voss, et al. B. C. Johnson, B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, J.-P. Huot, M. Wang, and D. Antoine. 2015. "System vicarious calibration for ocean color climate change applications: Requirements for in situ data." Remote Sensing of Environment 159 361-369 [10.1016/j.rse.2014.12.015]

    McKinna, L. I., P. Fearns, S. Weeks, et al. J. Werdell, M. Reichstetter, B. A. Franz, D. M. Shea, and G. C. Feldman. 2015. "A semianalytical ocean color inversion algorithm with explicit water column depth and substrate reflectance parameterization." Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 120 (3): 1741-1770 [10.1002/ 2014JC010224]

    Brewin, R. J., S. Sathyendranath, D. Müller, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, E. Devred, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. Franz, M. Grant, S. Groom, A. Horseman, C. Hu, H. Krasemann, Z. Lee, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, M. Peters, T. Platt, P. Regner, T. Smyth, F. Steinmetz, J. Swinton, J. Werdell, and G. N. White. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: III. A round-robin comparison on in-water bio-optical algorithms." Remote Sensing of Environment 162 271-294 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.09.016]

    Müller, D., H. Krasemann, R. J. Brewin, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. A. Franz, M. G. Grant, S. B. Groom, F. Mélin, T. Platt, P. Regner, S. Sathyendranath, F. Steinmetz, and J. Swinton. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: II. Spatial and temporal homogeneity of satellite data retrieval due to systematic effects in atmospheric correction processors." Remote Sensing of Environment 162 257-270 [10.1016/j.rse.2015.01.033]

    Müller, D., H. Krasemann, R. J. Brewin, et al. C. Brockmann, P.-Y. Deschamps, R. Doerffer, N. Fomferra, B. A. Franz, M. G. Grant, S. B. Groom, F. Mélin, T. Platt, P. Regner, S. Sathyendranath, F. Steinmetz, and J. Swinton. 2015. "The Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative: I. A methodology for assessing atmospheric correction processors based on in-situ measurements." Remote Sensing of Environment 162 242-256 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.11.026]

    Franz, B. A., M. Behrenfeld, D. Siegel, and P. J. Werdell. 2015. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton [in State of the Climate in 2014] ." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96 (7): S85-S87 [10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Zhai, P.-W., Y. Hu, D. M. Winker, B. A. Franz, and E. Boss. 2015. "Contribution of Raman scattering to polarized radiation field in ocean waters." Optics Express 23 (18): 23582 [10.1364/oe.23.023582]

    Lyapustin, A. I., Y. Wang, X. Xiong, et al. G. Meister, S. E. Platnick, R. C. Levy, B. A. Franz, S. Korkin, T. Hilker, C. J. Tucker, F. G. Hall, P. J. Sellers, A. Wu, and A. A. Angal. 2014. "Scientific impact of MODIS C5 calibration degradation and C6+ improvements." Atmos. Meas. Tech. 7 4353-4365 [10.5194/amt-7-4353-2014]

    Turpie, K. R., R. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, and C. Del Castillo. 2014. "Calibration uncertainty in ocean color satellite sensors and trends in long-term environmental records." Ocean Sensing and Monitoring VI 9111 [10.1117/12.2053427]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and J. Werdell. 2014. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton [in "State of the Climate in 2013"]." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (7): 578-580 [10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Meister, G., and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Corrections to the MODIS Aqua Calibration Derived From MODIS Aqua Ocean Color Products." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 52 (10): 6534-6541 [10.1109/tgrs.2013.2297233]

    Huot, Y., B. A. Franz, and M. Fradette. 2013. "Estimating variability in the quantum yield of Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: A global analysis of oceanic waters." Remote Sensing of Environment 132 238-253 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.003]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, J. T. Lefler, W. D. Robinson, and E. Boss. 2013. "Retrieving marine inherent optical properties from satellites using temperature and salinity-dependent backscattering by seawater." Opt. Express 21 (26): 32,611-32,622 [10.1364/OE.21.032611]

    Siegel, D. A., B. Behrenfeld, S. Maritorena, et al. C. McClain, D. Antoine, S. Bailey, P. Bontempi, E. Boss, H. Dierssen, S. Doney, R. Eplee, R. Evans, G. Feldman, E. Fields, B. Franz, N. Kuring, C. Mengelt, R. Nelson, F. Patt, W. Robinson, J. Sarmiento, C. Swan, P. Werdell, T. Westberry, J. Wilding, and J. Yoder. 2013. "Regional to global assessments of phytoplankton dynamics from the SeaWiFS mission." Remote Sensing of Environment 135 77-91 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.03.025]

    Aurin, D., A. Mannino, and B. Franz. 2013. "Spatially resolving ocean color and sediment dispersion in river plumes, coastal systems, and continental shelf waters." Remote Sensing of Environment 137 212–225 [10.1016/j.rse.2013.06.018]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, et al. G. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. d'Andon, and A. Mangin. 2013. "Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties." Applied Optics 52 (10): 2019-2037 [10.1364/AO.52.002019]

    Franz, B. A., M. J. Behrenfeld, D. A. Siegel, and P. J. Werdell. 2013. "Global Ocean Phytoplankton." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society State of the Climate 575-578

    Hu, C., F. Lian, Z. Lee, et al. C. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. Mc Clain, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "On the signal-to-noise ratio and product uncertainty of satellite ocean color measurements." Proc. Ocean Optics XXI

    Hu, C., Z. Lee, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (C1): C01011 [10.1029/2011JC007395]

    Siegel, D. A., D. Antoine, M. Behrenfeld, et al. O. d'Andon, E. Fields, B. Franz, P. Goryl, S. Maritorena, C. McClain, M. Wang, and J. Yoder. 2012. "Global ocean phytoplankton [in “State of the Climate in 2011”]." Bull Am Meteorol Soc 93 (7): S107-S110 [10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1]

    Hu, C., L. Feng, Z. Lee, et al. C. O. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. McClain, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Dynamic range and sensitivity requirements of satellite ocean color sensors: learning from the past." Applied Optics 51 (25): 6045 [10.1364/AO.51.006045]

    Eplee, R., G. Meister, F. S. Patt, et al. R. A. Barnes, S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, and C. R. McClain. 2012. "On-orbit calibration of SeaWiFS." Applied Optics 51 (36): 8702-8730 [10.1364/AO.51.008702]

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "Corrections to the Calibration of MODIS Aqua Ocean Color Bands Derived From SeaWiFS Data." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 50 (1): 310-319 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2160552]

    Moore, T., M. Dowell, and B. A. Franz. 2012. "Detection of coccolithophore blooms in ocean color satellite imagery: A generalized approach for use with multiple sensors." Remote Sens Environ 117 249-263 [10.1016/j.rse.2011.10.001]

    Lee, Z., B. A. Franz, S. Shang, Q. Dong, and R. Arnone. 2011. "Some insights of spectral optimization in ocean color inversion." Proc. SPIE 8175, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2011 8175 817508 [10.1117/12.897875]

    Melin, F., G. Zibordi, B. Jean-Francios, et al. S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, K. Voss, S. Flora, and M. Grant. 2011. "Assessment of MERIS reflectance data as processed with SeaDAS over the European seas." Opt. Express 19 (25): 25,657-25,671 [10.1364/OE.19.025657]

    Jeong, M.-J., N. C. Hsu, E. J. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, and G. Meister. 2011. "Impacts of Cross-Platform Vicarious Calibration on the Deep Blue Aerosol Retrievals for Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Aboard Terra." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 49 (12): 4877-4888 [10.1109/TGRS.2011.2153205]

    Siegel, D. A., and B. A. Franz. 2010. "Oceanography: Century of phytoplankton change." Nature 466 (7306): 569-571 [10.1038/466569a]

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, and S. W. Bailey. 2010. "Evaluation of shortwave infrared atmospheric correction for ocean color remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay." Remote Sensing of Environment 114 (10): 2238-2247 [10.1016/j.rse.2010.04.027]

    Ahmad, Z., B. A. Franz, C. R. Mc Clain, et al. E. J. Kwiatkowska, P. J. Werdell, E. P. Shettle, and B. N. Holben. 2010. "New aerosol models for the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and normalized water-leaving radiances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS sensors over coastal regions and open oceans." Applied Optics 49 (29): 5545 [10.1364/AO.49.005545]

    Bailey, S. W., B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell. 2010. "Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean color data processing." Optics Express 7521-7527

    Kuchinke, C., H. Gordon, and B. A. Franz. 2009. "Spectral optimization for constituent retrieval in Case 2 waters I: Implementation and performance." Remote Sensing of Environment 113 (3): 571-587 [10.1016/j.rse.2008.11.001]

    Behrenfeld, M., T. Westberry, R. O'Malley, et al. J. Wiggert, E. Boss, D. Siegel, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. Feldman, G. Dall'Olmo, A. Milligan, S. Doney, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald. 2009. "Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton." Biogeosci 6 779-794 [ www.biogeosciences.net/6/779/2009/]

    Bailey, S. W., S. B. Hooker, A. David, B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell. 2008. "Sources and assumptions for the vicarious calibration of ocean color satellite observations." Applied Optics 47 (12): 2035 [10.1364/AO.47.002035]

    Gordon, H., and B. A. Franz. 2008. "Remote sensing of ocean color: Assessment of the water-leaving radiance bidirectional effects on the atmospheric diffuse transmittance for SeaWiFS and MODIS intercomparisons." Remote Sensing of Environment 112 (5): 2677-2685 [10.1016/j.rse.2007.12.010]

    Stramski, D., R. Reynolds, M. Babin, et al. S. Kaczmarek, M. Lewis, R. Ouml;ttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre. 2008. "Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans." Biogeosci 5 171-201

    Franz, B. A., E. Kwiatkowska, G. Meister, and C. R. McClain. 2008. "Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on Terra: limitations for ocean color applications." J Appl Remote Sens 2 (1): 023525 [10.1117/1.2957964]

    Kwiatkowska, E., B. A. Franz, G. Meister, C. R. Mcclain, and X. Xiong. 2008. "Cross calibration of ocean-color bands from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on Terra platform." Appl Opt 47 (36): 6796-6810 [10.1364/AO.47.006796]

    Werdell, P. J., S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, A. Morel, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2007. "On-orbit vicarious calibration of ocean color sensors using an ocean surface reflectance model." Applied Optics 46 (23): 5649 [10.1364/AO.46.005649]

    Eplee, R. E., F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, et al. S. W. Bailey, G. Meister, and C. R. McClain. 2007. "SeaWiFS on-orbit gain and detector calibrations: effect on ocean products." Applied Optics 46 6733-6750 [10.1364/AO.46.006733]

    Ahmad, Z., C. R. Mc Clain, J. R. Herman, et al. B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, W. D. Robinson, E. Buscela, and M. A. Tzortziou. 2007. "Atmospheric correction for NO2 absorption in retrieving water-leaving reflectances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS measurements." Applied Optics 46 (26): 6504 [10.1364/AO.46.006504]

    Morel, A., Y. Huot, B. Gentili, et al. P. J. Werdell, S. Hooker, and B. A. Franz. 2007. "Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the prespective of multi-sensor approach." Remote Sens Environ 111 69-88

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, and C. R. McClain. 2007. "Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry." Appl Opt 46 (22): 5068-5082

    Meister, G., E. Kwiatkowska, B. A. Franz, et al. F. Patt, G. Feldman, and C. R. McClain. 2005. "Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color polarization correction." Appl Opt 44 (26): 5524-5535

    Franz, B. A., J. Wilding, and J. Gales. 2003. "Operational Merging of MODIS and SeaWiFS Ocean Color Products at Level-3." NASA/TM-2003 47-49

    Franz, B. A. 2003. "A Long-term Intercomparison of Oceanic Optical Property Retrievals from MODIS-Terra and SeaWiFS." MODIS Validation, Data Merger and Other Activities Accomplished by the SIMBIOS Project: 2002-2003 NASA/TM-2003-212249 19-31 [Full Text (Link)]

    Frouin, R., B. A. Franz, and P. Werdell. 2003. "The SeaWiFS PAR Product." NASA/TM 2003--206892, Vol 22 46-50

    Patt, F., B. A. Franz, W. Robinson, and J. Gales. 2003. "Level-1a and Level-3 Processing Changes." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 41-45

    Wang, M., A. Isaacman, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2002. "Ocean-color optical property data Derived from the Japanese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner and the French Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectances: a comparison study." Appl Opt 41 (6): 974-990

    Wang, M., B. A. Franz, R. Barnes, and C. R. McClain. 2001. "Effects of Spectral Bandpass on SeaWiFS-Retrieved Near-Surface Optical Properties of the Ocean." Applied Optics 40 (3): 343-348 [10.1364/AO.40.000343]

    Wang, M., and B. A. Franz. 2000. "Comparing the ocean color measurements between MOS and SeaWiFS: a vicarious intercalibration approach for MOS." IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 38 (1): 184-197 [10.1109/36.823911]

    Stumpf, R., G. Feldman, N. Kuring, B. A. Franz, and E. Green. 1999. "SeaWiFS Spies Reefs." Reef Encounter 26

    Kelsall, T., J. Weiland, B. Franz, et al. W. Reach, R. Arendt, E. Dwek, H. Freudenreich, M. Hauser, S. Moseley, N. Odegard, R. Silverberg, and E. Wright. 1998. "The COBE Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment Search for the Cosmic Infrared Background. II. Model of the Interplanetary Dust Cloud." The Astrophysical Journal 508 (1): 44-73 [10.1086/306380]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, and J. L. Weiland. 1997. "The Three-Dimensional Structure of the Zodiacal Dust Bands." Icarus 127 (2): 461-484 [10.1006/icar.1997.5704]

    Franz, B. A., W. T. Reach, T. Kelsall, and J. L. Weiland. 1996. "Inversion of the DIRBE photometry to derive the three dimensional distribution of the interplanetary dust." AIP Conference Proceedings [10.1063/1.49235]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, T. Kelsall, and J. L. Weiland. 1996. "DIRBE observations of the zodiacal light." AIP Conference Proceedings [10.1063/1.49209]

    Reach, W. T., B. A. Franz, J. L. Weiland, et al. M. G. Hauser, T. N. Kelsall, E. L. Wright, G. Rawleyt, S. W. Stemwedel, and W. J. Spiesman. 1995. "Observational confirmation of a circumsolar dust ring by the COBE satellite." Nature 374 (6522): 521-523 [10.1038/374521a0]

    Sodroski, T. J., C. Bennett, N. Boggess, et al. E. Dwek, B. A. Franz, M. G. Hauser, T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, N. Odegard, R. F. Silverberg, and J. L. Weiland. 1994. "Large-scale characteristics of interstellar dust from COBE DIRBE observations." The Astrophysical Journal 428 638 [10.1086/174274]

    Sodroski, T. J., R. G. Arendt, M. G. Hauser, et al. N. W. Boggess, E. Dwek, T. J. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, T. L. Murdock, R. F. Silverberg, G. B. Berriman, B. A. Franz, H. T. Freudenreich, C. M. Lisse, M. Mitra, N. P. Odegard, W. J. Spiesman, S. W. Stemwedel, G. N. Toller, and J. L. Weiland. 1993. "Observations of the large-scale infrared emission from the galactic plane region by the diffuse infrared background experiment." Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing [10.1117/12.157827]

    Sodroski, T. J., M. G. Hauser, E. Dwek, et al. T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, R. F. Silverberg, N. Boggess, N. Odegard, J. L. Weiland, and B. Franz. 1992. "Large-scale physical conditions in the interstellar medium from DIRBE observations." AIP Conference Proceedings [10.1063/1.44035]

    Freudenreich, H. T., T. J. Sodroski, G. B. Berriman, et al. E. Dwek, B. A. Franz, M. G. Hauser, T. Kelsall, S. H. Moseley, N. P. Odegard, R. F. Silverberg, G. N. Toller, and J. L. Weiland. 1992. "Dirbe evidence for a warp in the Galaxy." AIP Conference Proceedings [10.1063/1.43975]

    Non-Refereed

    Lyapustin, A. I., X. Xiong, Y. Wang, et al. G. Meister, S. E. Platnick, R. C. Levy, B. A. Franz, A. Wu, and A. A. Angal. 2015. "MODIS Terra-Aqua C6+ Cross-Calibration Improvements ." GSICS Quarterly 9 (2): [10.7289/V5XK8CHN]

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, F. S. Patt, and B. A. Franz. 2015. "Updates to the on-orbit calibration of SNPP VIIRS for ocean color applications." Earth Observing Systems XX 9607 [10.1117/12.2185940]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, N. Kuring, and P. J. Werdell. 2014. "Ocean Color Measurements from Landsat-8 OLI using SeaDAS." Proc. Ocean Optics XXII

    McKinna, L. I., P. J. Werdell, P. R. Fearns, et al. S. J. Weeks, M. Reichstetter, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, D. M. Shea, and G. Feldman. 2014. "SWIM: a semi-analytical ocean color inversion algorithm for optically shallow waters." Proc. Ocean Optics XXII

    Meister, G., R. E. Eplee, and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Corrections to MODIS Terra calibration and polarization trending derived from ocean color products." Earth Observing Systems XIX 9218 [10.1117/12.2062714]

    Melin, F., and B. A. Franz. 2014. "Assessment of Satellite Ocean Colour Radiometry and Derived Geophysical Products (Chapter 6.1)." Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements, 1st Edition 47 609-638

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. Meister, et al. F. S. Patt, G. F. Fireman, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2013. "A synthesis of VIIRS solar and lunar calibrations." Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII 8866 88661L [10.1117/12.2024069]

    Turpie, K. R., B. A. Franz, W. D. Robinson, et al. R. E. Eplee, G. Meister, G. F. Fireman, F. S. Patt, R. A. Barnes, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "Suomi NPP VIIRS ocean color data product early mission assessment." Proc. SPIE 8510, Earth Observing Systems XVII 8510 85101H [10.1117/12.931113]

    Franz, B. A., S. W. Bailey, G. Meister, and P. J. Werdell. 2012. "Quality and Consistency of the NASA Ocean Color Data Record." Proc. Ocean Optics XXI

    Eplee, R. E., K. R. Turpie, G. F. Fireman, et al. G. Meister, T. C. Stone, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2012. "VIIRS on-orbit calibration for ocean color data processing." Proc. SPIE 8510, Earth Observing Systems XVII 8510 85101G [10.1117/12.930483]

    Turpie, K. R., G. Meister, R. E. Eplee, et al. R. A. Barnes, B. A. Franz, F. S. Patt, W. D. Robinson, and C. R. McClain. 2011. "Assessment of NPP VIIRS Ocean Color Data Products: Hope and Risk." Proc. of SPIE 8153 9 pp. [10.1117/12.893945]

    Robinson, W. D., F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, K. R. Turpie, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2011. "The VIIRS ocean data simulator enhancements and results." Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI 8153 81531P [10.1117/12.892936]

    Meister, G., C. R. Mc Clain, Z. Ahmad, et al. S. W. Bailey, R. A. Barnes, S. Brown, G. E. Eplee, B. A. Franz, A. Holmes, W. B. Monosmith, F. S. Patt, R. P. Stumpf, K. R. Turpie, and P. J. Werdell. 2011. "Requirements for an Advanced Ocean Radiometer ." NASA Tech Memo 37

    Meister, G., and B. A. Franz. 2011. "Adjustments to the MODIS Terra radiometric calibration and polarization sensitivity in the 2010 reprocessing." Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI 8153 815308 [10.1117/12.891787]

    Eplee, R. E., G. Meister, F. S. Patt, B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2011. "Uncertainty Assessment of the SeaWiFS On-Orbit Calibration." Earth Observing Systems XVI

    Franz, B. A., and P. J. Werdell. 2010. "A Generalized Framework for Modeling of Inherent Optical Properties in Ocean Remote Sensing Applications." Proc. Ocean Optics XX

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, and C. R. Mcclain. 2009. "Influence of thin cirrus clouds on ocean color products." Proc. SPIE 7459, Ocean Remote Sensing: Methods and Applications 7459 745903 [10.1117/12.827272]

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, E. J. Kwiatkowska, R. E. Eplee, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2009. "Detector dependency of MODIS polarization sensitivity derived from on-orbit characterization." Proc. SPIE 7452, Earth Observing Systems XIV 7452 74520N [10.1117/12.825385]

    Robinson, W., F. Patt, B. A. Franz, K. Turpie, and C. R. Mcclain. 2009. "A VIIRS ocean data simulator." Proc. SPIE 7452, Earth Observing Systems XIV 7452 75420A [10.1117/12.827058]

    Werdell, J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, L. W. Harding Jr., and G. C. Feldman. 2007. "Approach for the long-term spatial and temporal evaluation of ocean color satelliet data products in a coastal environment." Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng 6680 12 pp [10.1117/12.732489]

    Elpee Jr, R. E., F. Patt, G. Meister, et al. B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "On-orbit calibration of SeaWiFS: revised temperature and gain corrections." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677 15 pp

    Meister, G., C. Pan, F. Patt, et al. B. A. Franz, X. Xiong, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "Correction of sub-frame striping in high-resolution MODIS ocean color products." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677 12 pp [10.1117/12.732191]

    Franz, B. A., E. J. Kwiatkowska, G. Meister, and C. R. Mcclain. 2007. "Utility of MODIS-Terra for ocean color applications." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 6677 14 pp

    Franz, B. A., P. J. Werdell, G. Meister, et al. E. J. Kwiatkowska, S. W. Bailey, Z. Ahmad, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2006. "MODIS Land Bands for Ocean Remote Sensing Applications." Proc. Ocean Optics XVIII

    Werdell, P. J., B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, and C. R. McClain. 2006. "Recent Advances in the Operational Vicarious Calibration of Visible and Near- infrared Ocean Color Satellite Radiometry." Proc. Ocean Optics XVIII

    Meister, G., B. A. Franz, K. R. Turpie, and C. R. Mc Clain. 2005. "The MODIS Aqua Point-Spread Function for Ocean Color Bands." 9th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing 36 334-336

    Franz, B. A., P. Werdell, G. Meister, et al. S. W. Bailey, R. E. Eplee Jr, G. C. Feldman, E. Kwiatkowska, C. R. Mcclain, F. Patt, and D. Thomas. 2005. "The continuity of ocean color measurements from SeaWiFS to MODIS." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 5882 304-316

    Franz, B. A., F. Patt, R. A. Barnes, et al. R. E. Eplee Jr, J. E. O'Reilly, W. Robinson, G. C. Feldman, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, J. Werdell, M. Wang, R. Frouin, R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould Jr, P. M. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, and J. A. Yoder. 2003. "Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing." NASA/TM 2003-206892 22 74 pp

    Fargion, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, et al. C. Pietras, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, G. Meister, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Werdell, and C. R. Mcclain. 2003. "SIMBIOS Program in Support of Ocean Color Missions: 1997-2003." Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 5155 49-60

    Fargion, G., B. A. Franz, E. Kwiatkowska, et al. C. Pietras, S. W. Bailey, J. Gales, G. Meister, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Werdell, C. R. Mc Clain, and G. Feldman. 2003. "SIMBIOS Project Data Processing and Analysis Results." NASA/TM-2003-211622 11841

    Franz, B. A., R. Eplee, J. , S. W. Bailey, and M. Wang. 2003. "Changes to the Atmospheric Correction Algorithm and Retrieval of Oceanic Optical Properties." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 29-33

    Robinson, W., B. A. Franz, F. Patt, S. W. Bailey, and P. J. Werdell. 2003. "Masks and Flags Updates." NASA/TM 2003--206892, Vol 22 34-40

    Bailey, S. W., W. Robinson, and B. A. Franz. 2003. "Modifications to the SeaWiFS NIR Correction." NASA/TM 2003-206892, Vol 22 26-28

                                                                                                                                                                                            
    NASA Logo, National Aeronautics and Space Administration