Barbara E Carlson

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Barbara E Carlson

  • (AST, CLIMATE & RADIATION STUDIES)
  • 212.678.5538
  • NASA GISS
  • 2880 Broadway
  • New York , NY 10025
  • Employer: NASA
  • Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: Part III. Using combined PCA to compare spatiotemporal variability of MODIS, MISR, and OMI aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (7): 4017-4042 [10.1002/2013JD020538]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Revisiting AVHRR tropospheric aerosol trends using principal component analysis." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (6): 3309-3320 [10.1002/2013JD020789]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data. Part II: Using maximum covariance analysis to effectively compare spatiotemporal variability of satellite and AERONET measured aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (1): 153-166 [10.1002/2013JD020537]

    Gianelli, S. M., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and S. Hameed. 2013. "Evidence of a weakly absorbing intermediate mode of aerosols in AERONET data from Saharan and Sahelian sites." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (22): 12,661-12,672 [10.1002/2013JD020342]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2013. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: 1. An EOF approach to analyze the spatial-temporal variability of aerosol optical depth using multiple remote sensing data sets." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (15): 8640-8648 [10.1002/jgrd.50686]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. J. Li, B. E. Carlson, B. Lacis, B. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 2012. "Aerosol retrievals from channel-1 and -2 AVHRR radiances: Long-term trends updated and revisited." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 113 (15): 1974-1980 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.05.006]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2011. "El Niño–Southern Oscillation correlated aerosol Ångström exponent anomaly over the tropical Pacific discovered in satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 116 (D20): D20204 [10.1029/2011JD015733]

    Li, J., L. Liu, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2010. "An optimal fitting approach to improve the GISS ModelE aerosol optical property parameterization using AERONET data." J Geophys Res, 115 (D16): D16211 [10.1029/2010JD013909]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2009. "A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Ozone Monitoring Instrument Aerosol Index data." J. Geophys. Res., 114 (D9): D09213 [10.1029/2008JD011278]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2008. "Characterization of atmospheric aerosols using MFRSR measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D8): D08204 [10.1029/2007JD009388]

    Chen, J. N., A. D. Del Genio, B. E. Carlson, and M. G. Bosilovich. 2008. "The Spatiotemporal Structure of Twentieth-Century Climate Variations in Observations and Reanalyses. Part II: Pacific Pan-Decadal Variability." J Climate, 21 (11): 2634-2650 [10.1175/2007JCLI2012.1]

    Chen, J. N., A. D. Del Genio, B. E. Carlson, and M. G. Bosilovich. 2008. "The Spatiotemporal Structure of Twentieth-Century Climate Variations in Observations and Reanalyses. Part I: Long-Term Trend." J Climate, 21 (11): 2611-2633 [10.1175/2007JCLI2011.1]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Long-Term Satellite Record Reveals Likely Recent Aerosol Trend." Science, 315 (5818): 1543-1543 [10.1126/science.1136709]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, et al. B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 106 (1-3): 325-347 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.01.007]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Using EOF analysis to qualitatively analyze, and identify inhomogeneities in, data from ground-based aerosol monitoring instruments." J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D20): D20210 [10.1029/2006JD008300]

    Liu, L., M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 2006. "Modeling single-scattering properties of small cirrus particles by use of a size-shape distribution of ice spheroids and cylinders." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer, 101 (3): 488-497 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2006.02.040]

    Liu, L., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, et al. I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 2006. "Assessing Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE aerosol climatology using satellite and ground-based measurements: A comparison study." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D20): D20212 [10.1029/2006JD007334]

    Raschke, E., A. Ohmura, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. E. Carlson, Y. Zhang, C. Stubenrauch, M. Kottek, and M. Wild. 2005. "Cloud effects on the radiation budget based on ISCCP data (1991 to 1995)." Int. J. Climatol., 25 (8): 1103-1125 [10.1002/joc.1157]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, and B. Cairns. 2005. "Separation of fine and coarse aerosol modes in MFRSR data sets." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D13): D13204 [10.1029/2004JD005226]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2005. "Aerosol retrievals using rotating shadowband spectroradiometer data." J. Geophys. Res., 110 (D5): D05203 [10.1029/2004JD005329]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett, 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci, 61: 1024-1039.

    Cairns, B., B. E. Carlson, R. Ying, A. A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2003. "Atmospheric correction and its application to an analysis of Hyperion data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens, 41 (6): 1232-1245 [10.1109/TGRS.2003.813134]

    Chen, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. D. Del Genio. 2002. "Evidence for Strengthening of the Tropical General Circulation in the 1990s." Science, 295 (5556): 838-841 [10.1126/science.1065835]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part I: Retrieval algorithms." J Atmos Sci, 59: 524-543.

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part II: Climatological applications." J Atmos Sci, 59: 544-566.

    Lacis, A. A., B. E. Carlson, and J. E. Hansen. 2000. "Retrieval of atmospheric NO2, O3, aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance information from SAGE II multi-spectral extinction measurements." Appl Math Comput, 116 (1-2): 133-151 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00200-3]

    Cairns, B., A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2000. "Absorption within inhomogeneous clouds and its parameterization in general circulation models." J Atmos Sci, 57 (5): 700-714 [10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0700:AWICAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Wielaard, D. J., M. I. Mishchenko, A. Macke, and B. E. Carlson. 1997. "Improved T-matrix computations for large, nonabsorbing and weakly absorbing nonspherical particles and comparison with geometrical-optics approximation." Applied Optics, 36 (18): 4305 [10.1364/AO.36.004305]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han. 1997. "Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study." Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (21): 2655-2658 [10.1029/97GL02783]

    Mishchenko, M. I., D. J. Wielaard, and B. E. Carlson. 1997. "T-Matrix computations of zenith-enhanced lidar backscatter from horizontally oriented ice plates." Geophysical Research Letters, 24 (7): 771-774 [10.1029/97GL00545]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 1995. "Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: Implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling." Geophysical Research Letters, 22 (9): 1077-1080 [10.1029/95GL00798]

    Macke, A., M. I. Mishchenko, K. Muinonen, and B. E. Carlson. 1995. "Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray-tracing approximation versus T-matrix method." Opt. Lett., 20 (19): 1934 [10.1364/OL.20.001934]

    Hansen, J., W. Rossow, B. Carlson, et al. A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and I. Sato. 1995. "Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks." Climatic Change, 31 (2-4): 247-271 [10.1007/BF01095149]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1994. "Belt-zone variations in the Jovian cloud structure." J. Geophys. Res., 99 (E7): 14623-14658 [10.1029/94JE01222]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Tropospheric gas composition and cloud structure of the Jovian north equatorial belt." J Geophys Res, 98 (E3): 5251-5290 [10.1029/92JE02737]

    Lacis, A. A., and B. E. Carlson. 1992. "Keeping the Sun in proportion." Nature, 360 (6402): 297-297 [10.1038/360297a0]

    Carlson, B. E., Q. Ma, and A. A. Lacis. 1992. "On the inclusion of the hydrogen dimer in the analysis of Voyager IRIS spectra." ApJL, 394: L29-L32 [10.1086/186465]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "Ortho-para-hydrogen equilibration on Jupiter." ApJL, 393: 357-372 [10.1086/171510]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "The abundance and distribution of water vapor in the Jovian troposphere as inferred from Voyager IRIS observations." ApJL, 388: 648-668 [10.1086/171182]

    Selected Publications

    Refereed

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: Part III. Using combined PCA to compare spatiotemporal variability of MODIS, MISR, and OMI aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (7): 4017-4042 [10.1002/2013JD020538]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Revisiting AVHRR tropospheric aerosol trends using principal component analysis." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (6): 3309-3320 [10.1002/2013JD020789]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2014. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data. Part II: Using maximum covariance analysis to effectively compare spatiotemporal variability of satellite and AERONET measured aerosol optical depth." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (1): 153-166 [10.1002/2013JD020537]

    Gianelli, S. M., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and S. Hameed. 2013. "Evidence of a weakly absorbing intermediate mode of aerosols in AERONET data from Saharan and Sahelian sites." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (22): 12,661-12,672 [10.1002/2013JD020342]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2013. "Application of spectral analysis techniques in the intercomparison of aerosol data: 1. An EOF approach to analyze the spatial-temporal variability of aerosol optical depth using multiple remote sensing data sets." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (15): 8640-8648 [10.1002/jgrd.50686]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. Liu, I. V. Geogdzhayev, et al. J. Li, B. E. Carlson, B. Lacis, B. Lacis, and L. D. Travis. 2012. "Aerosol retrievals from channel-1 and -2 AVHRR radiances: Long-term trends updated and revisited." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 113 (15): 1974-1980 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.05.006]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2011. "El Niño–Southern Oscillation correlated aerosol Ångström exponent anomaly over the tropical Pacific discovered in satellite measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 116 (D20): D20204 [10.1029/2011JD015733]

    Li, J., L. Liu, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2010. "An optimal fitting approach to improve the GISS ModelE aerosol optical property parameterization using AERONET data." J Geophys Res 115 (D16): D16211 [10.1029/2010JD013909]

    Li, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2009. "A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Ozone Monitoring Instrument Aerosol Index data." J. Geophys. Res. 114 (D9): D09213 [10.1029/2008JD011278]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2008. "Characterization of atmospheric aerosols using MFRSR measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D8): D08204 [10.1029/2007JD009388]

    Chen, J. N., A. D. Del Genio, B. E. Carlson, and M. G. Bosilovich. 2008. "The Spatiotemporal Structure of Twentieth-Century Climate Variations in Observations and Reanalyses. Part II: Pacific Pan-Decadal Variability." J Climate 21 (11): 2634-2650 [10.1175/2007JCLI2012.1]

    Chen, J. N., A. D. Del Genio, B. E. Carlson, and M. G. Bosilovich. 2008. "The Spatiotemporal Structure of Twentieth-Century Climate Variations in Observations and Reanalyses. Part I: Long-Term Trend." J Climate 21 (11): 2611-2633 [10.1175/2007JCLI2011.1]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Long-Term Satellite Record Reveals Likely Recent Aerosol Trend." Science 315 (5818): 1543-1543 [10.1126/science.1136709]

    Mishchenko, M. I., I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, et al. B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis. 2007. "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 106 (1-3): 325-347 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.01.007]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2007. "Using EOF analysis to qualitatively analyze, and identify inhomogeneities in, data from ground-based aerosol monitoring instruments." J. Geophys. Res. 112 (D20): D20210 [10.1029/2006JD008300]

    Liu, L., M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 2006. "Modeling single-scattering properties of small cirrus particles by use of a size-shape distribution of ice spheroids and cylinders." J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transfer 101 (3): 488-497 [10.1016/j.jqsrt.2006.02.040]

    Liu, L., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, et al. I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, and B. Cairns. 2006. "Assessing Goddard Institute for Space Studies ModelE aerosol climatology using satellite and ground-based measurements: A comparison study." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D20): D20212 [10.1029/2006JD007334]

    Raschke, E., A. Ohmura, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. E. Carlson, Y. Zhang, C. Stubenrauch, M. Kottek, and M. Wild. 2005. "Cloud effects on the radiation budget based on ISCCP data (1991 to 1995)." Int. J. Climatol. 25 (8): 1103-1125 [10.1002/joc.1157]

    Alexandrov, M. D., B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, and B. Cairns. 2005. "Separation of fine and coarse aerosol modes in MFRSR data sets." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D13): D13204 [10.1029/2004JD005226]

    Gianelli, S. M., B. E. Carlson, and A. A. Lacis. 2005. "Aerosol retrievals using rotating shadowband spectroradiometer data." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D5): D05203 [10.1029/2004JD005329]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Automated cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data." Geophys Res Lett 31 (4): L04118 [10.1029/2003GL019105]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2004. "Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements." J Atmos Sci 61 1024-1039.

    Cairns, B., B. E. Carlson, R. Ying, A. A. Lacis, and V. Oinas. 2003. "Atmospheric correction and its application to an analysis of Hyperion data." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 41 (6): 1232-1245 [10.1109/TGRS.2003.813134]

    Chen, J., B. E. Carlson, and A. D. Del Genio. 2002. "Evidence for Strengthening of the Tropical General Circulation in the 1990s." Science 295 (5556): 838-841 [10.1126/science.1065835]

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part I: Retrieval algorithms." J Atmos Sci 59 524-543.

    Alexandrov, M. D., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and B. Cairns. 2002. "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols and trace gases by means of multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer. Part II: Climatological applications." J Atmos Sci 59 544-566.

    Lacis, A. A., B. E. Carlson, and J. E. Hansen. 2000. "Retrieval of atmospheric NO2, O3, aerosol optical depth, effective radius and variance information from SAGE II multi-spectral extinction measurements." Appl Math Comput 116 (1-2): 133-151 [10.1016/S0096-3003(99)00200-3]

    Cairns, B., A. A. Lacis, and B. E. Carlson. 2000. "Absorption within inhomogeneous clouds and its parameterization in general circulation models." J Atmos Sci 57 (5): 700-714 [10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0700:AWICAI>2.0.CO;2]

    Wielaard, D. J., M. I. Mishchenko, A. Macke, and B. E. Carlson. 1997. "Improved T-matrix computations for large, nonabsorbing and weakly absorbing nonspherical particles and comparison with geometrical-optics approximation." Applied Optics 36 (18): 4305 [10.1364/AO.36.004305]

    Mishchenko, M. I., L. D. Travis, W. B. Rossow, et al. B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, and Q. Han. 1997. "Retrieving CCN column density from single-channel measurements of reflected sunlight over the ocean: A sensitivity study." Geophysical Research Letters 24 (21): 2655-2658 [10.1029/97GL02783]

    Mishchenko, M. I., D. J. Wielaard, and B. E. Carlson. 1997. "T-Matrix computations of zenith-enhanced lidar backscatter from horizontally oriented ice plates." Geophysical Research Letters 24 (7): 771-774 [10.1029/97GL00545]

    Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, et al. A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M. P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R. L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. "Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D22): 25679-25720 [10.1029/97JD01495]

    Mishchenko, M. I., A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis. 1995. "Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: Implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling." Geophysical Research Letters 22 (9): 1077-1080 [10.1029/95GL00798]

    Macke, A., M. I. Mishchenko, K. Muinonen, and B. E. Carlson. 1995. "Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray-tracing approximation versus T-matrix method." Opt. Lett. 20 (19): 1934 [10.1364/OL.20.001934]

    Hansen, J., W. Rossow, B. Carlson, et al. A. Lacis, L. Travis, A. Del Genio, I. Fung, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and I. Sato. 1995. "Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks." Climatic Change 31 (2-4): 247-271 [10.1007/BF01095149]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1994. "Belt-zone variations in the Jovian cloud structure." J. Geophys. Res. 99 (E7): 14623-14658 [10.1029/94JE01222]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1993. "Tropospheric gas composition and cloud structure of the Jovian north equatorial belt." J Geophys Res 98 (E3): 5251-5290 [10.1029/92JE02737]

    Lacis, A. A., and B. E. Carlson. 1992. "Keeping the Sun in proportion." Nature 360 (6402): 297-297 [10.1038/360297a0]

    Carlson, B. E., Q. Ma, and A. A. Lacis. 1992. "On the inclusion of the hydrogen dimer in the analysis of Voyager IRIS spectra." ApJL 394 L29-L32 [10.1086/186465]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "Ortho-para-hydrogen equilibration on Jupiter." ApJL 393 357-372 [10.1086/171510]

    Carlson, B. E., A. A. Lacis, and W. B. Rossow. 1992. "The abundance and distribution of water vapor in the Jovian troposphere as inferred from Voyager IRIS observations." ApJL 388 648-668 [10.1086/171182]

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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