Anne R. Douglass

Anne R. Douglass

  • RSCH AST, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY & DYN
  • 301.614.6028 | 301.614.5903
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 614
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    My career is best understood in the context of family/life balance.  A year after the birth of my first child, after completing an undergraduate degree majoring in Physics at a women's liberal arts college, I began my part-time graduate school career.  After three years and a master's degree, I changed schools and began a PhD program with a specialty in atmospheric science.  Although I was hoping to pursue a teaching career, I accepted a contractor position at Goddard Space Flight Center (again, part-time).  I continued as a 3/4 employee for about the next decade, transitioning to full-time when I became a civli servant, my oldest began college and my youngest (of five) started first grade.  Throughout this time my interest was modeling stratospheric ozone, progressing with the field from 1-D models to 2-D (latitude/altitude) and then 3-D (using specified meteorology), always keeping the modeling activity and results close to observations, often pursuing parallel analysis of observations and simulated output that was sampled in the same manner as the observations.I was fortunate to serve as a member of the project science team for the Upper Atmopshere Research Satellite (UARS) and then for Aura, and have been project scientist for Aura since 2009.  I am currently co-lead for one of the premier chemistry climate models, that couples a photochemical mechanism appropriate for climate applications in the stratosphere and troposphere with the state-of-the-art general circulation model that is developed in the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office.  At GSFC, we continue to expand the use of data-based diagnostics, specifically focusing on diagnostics that test the realism of the simulated response to perturbations in composition and climate, thereby reducing uncertainty in projections.  I began phased retirement (a half time position) in January 2017.

    Research Interests

    Chemistry Climate Modeling

    My research has focused on the use of observations from satellite, aircraft and ground-based instruments to evaluate and test atmospheric models that include a representation of the photochemical processes that control ozone in the stratosphere and troposphere.  In the 1990s and early 2000s,  observations were used with a two-dimensional (latitude/altitude) model and then a three-dimensional chemistry and transport model that combined a complete representation of stratospheric chemical reactions with meteorological information from the GSFC data assimilation system.  These applications formed a foundation for leadership in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM), a three-dimensional model that couples a general circulation model with a representation of relevant stratospheric and tropospheric photochemical processes. The current focus is to develop data-based strategies that are independent of specific meteorology and therefore can be used to evalute CCMs.  We emphasize development and use of diagnostics that can also used to understand the simulated response to changes in composition and climate.

    Current Projects

    Past Aura Project Scientist

    As project scientist for Aura, one of the large Earth Observing System observatories, I work to foster communication among the groups responsible for different aspects of this program:  mission operations and flight operations, data producers, Aura science team, NASA headquarters.  We also strive to make scientific advances made with Aura data known to the science community and as appropriate to the general public.  The largest task is preparation of the senior review proposal for continued operations, a biennial and somewhat consuming endeavor.  2014 marked a decade of successful operations.  Since entering phased retirement, I am assisting the next project scientist with the transition.

    Member, Chemistry Climate Model Leadership team

    The Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM) is a joint venture between the atmospheric chemistry and dynamics laboratory (614) and the Global Modeling and Assimiation Office (610.1).  This is one of the premier models of its kind, and is used to project the stratospheric ozone level as chlorofluorcarbons decrease (due to cessation of their production as a result of the Montreal Protocol) and as the stratosphere cools due increases in greenhouse gases.  My principle interest is the use of observations, especially from the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellie and from Aura, to evaluate our CCM (and others) and to use performance on diagnostic tests to understand differences in response to various preturbations.  Since entering phased retirement, my responsibilities include participating in the CCM leadership team to ensure a smooth transition.

    Synergistic Analysis of Observations and Simulations from the Global Modeling Initiative Chemistry and Transport Model and the Goddard Earth Observing System Coupled Chemistry Climate Model

    This project emphasizes analysis of observations in parallel with analysis of fields simulated using the Global Modeling Initiative Chemistry and Transport Model (CTM) and the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOS CCM).  These models use the same photochemical mechanism, but the CTM calculates transport using meteorological fields from a data assimilation system that are input to the CTM, whereas the CCM includes a general circulation model, solving the equations of motion and producing meteorological fields that are consistent with the simulated ozone.  Fields from a CTM may be compared directly with measurements, as the meteorological conditions are specified and realistic for each day.  Such comparisons are not useful with a CCM, as the meteorological contribution to continuity equations is likely substantially different from the actual conditions of the measurement.  Parallel analysis of observations and both types of simulation is necessary to identify relationships in the observations that are independent of the particular meteorology and therefore reveal a useful pathway for bringing the information from observations to bear on the CCM.  Funding for this project ended at the end of FY16, but the endeavor is ongoing at reduced level of effort as I have entered phased retirement.

    Teaching Experience

    University of Minnesota Physics Department - Teaching assistant 1972 - 1975

    Iowa State Universiity Physics Department - Teaching assistant 1975 - 1978
    Richard G. Patrick award for outstanding teaching assistant - 1977

    Drake Univeristy Physics Department - Visiting Lecturer 1980 - 1981

    Positions/Employment

    6/1970 - 8/1970

    Student Trainee

    Argonne National Laboratory , Argonne, Illinois As a student intern, I assisted in analysis of data from low energy nuclear experiments.
    9/1972 - 6/1975

    Teaching Assistant

    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota I taught undergraduate laboratory and recitation sections.
    9/1975 - 9/1980

    Research and Teaching Assistant

    Iowa State University , Ames, Iowa I taught undergraduate labs and recitation sections, and gave lectures when the professor was not available.
    8/1980 - 6/1981

    Visiting Lecturer

    Physics Department, Drake University, Des Moines, IA Taught the undergraduate physics class for pre-med majors.
    8/1981 - 6/1989

    Assistant Scientist

    Applied Research Corporation , New Carrolton, MD (my workplace was on site at GSFC.) Contributed to stratospheric research, emphasizing stratospheric ozone and water vapor.  The ozone hole was discovered in 1985, changing the focus of my research (and everyone else's).
    6/1989 - 6/1990

    Visiting Scientist

    University Space Research Associates, Greenbelt, MD Contribute to research concerning stratospheric ozone, including both data analysis and development of a two-dimensional model.
    6/1990 - Present

    Atmospheric Scientist

    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 614, Greenbelt MD Contribute to research involving stratospheric ozone, including effects of changes in anthropogenic chlorofluorcarbons and effects of emissions from aircraft.  Research focus is synergistic analysis of observations (especially from satellite) and output of two dimensional and three dimensional models.  Also served as deputy project scientist for the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite and Earth Observing System Aura, and am current project scientist for Aura.

    Education

    PhD 1980  Iowa State University (Physics)
    Dissertation:  A Model of the Antarctic Sink for Stratospheric Water

    MS 1975  University of Minnesota (Physics)

    BA  1971  Trinity College, Washington DC (Physics)

    Professional Societies

    American Meteorological Society , 1974 - Present
    Councilor 2009- 2012 Awards Committee 2014 - present
    American Geophysical Union , 1974 - Present
    Union Fellows Committee 2010 - 2011 Search Committee, Geophysical Research Letters Editor 1999 Index Set Task Force 1994 - 1995
    Association for Women in Science , 1990 - Present

    Professional Service

    As Aura Deputy Project Scientist and now as project scientist, I have organized many science team meetings - at least annually since 2000 (with the exception of 2013).  I also co-chaired development of the Aura validation plan, organizing annual validation working group meetings for several years before and after launch.

    I served on several peer-review panels for the Aura proposals in 2003 and 2004 as well as various panels throughout my career. 

    I have organized several special sessions at the American Geophysical Union annual meeting.

    As a member of the International Ozone Comission, I was a member of the scientfic organizing committee for the 2008 Ozone Symposium.

    I have reviewed numerous papers (one award for reviewing from J. Geophys. Res.) and proposals for NASA, NSF, and the Canadian Space Agency.

    Author, contributor, reviewer for various assessments related to stratospheric ozone and atmospheric effects of aircraft.


    Awards

    Fellow, American Geophysical Union (2007)
    Fellow, American Meteorological Society (1998)

    NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (2009)
    NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (2012)
    Nordberg Award (GSFC, Remote Sensing in Earth Science) (2013)

    GSFC Peer Award (2005)

    NASA group awards
    • Airborne Arctic Stratosphere Expedition (AASE, 1991)
    • Stratospheric Photochemistry, Aerosols and Dynamics Expedition (SPADE, 1994)
    • Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite Project Science (1995)
    • Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite Recovery Team (1995)
    • Photochemistry of Ozone Loss in the Arctic Region in Summer (POLARIS, 1998)
    • Upper Atmospheric Research Satellie Outreach (2000)
    • Aura Education and Outreach (2005)
    L. H. Brown Pre-Doctoral Fellow 1979 - 1980
    Richard G. Patrick Outstanding Teaching Asistant - 1997

    Grants

    01/01/1990 - 01/01/1999 Atmospheric Effects of Aircraft , NASA
    2D and 3D simulations of stratospheric tracers
    ; I was PI on several proposals during the 1990s that used two-dimensional and three-dimensional models to evaluate the impact of emissions from a hypothetical fleet of supersonic aircraft on lower stratospheric ozone (all dates approximate)2
    01/01/1993 - 09/30/2016 Use of a three-dimensional chemistry and transport model to interpret observations from satellite, aircraft, and ground-based instruments., NASA

    ; PI on a series of proposals (currently ACMAP - Atmospheric Chemistry Modeling and Analysis Program ACMAP)that developed, tested and evaluated a three-dimensional chemistry and transport model.
    01/01/2006 - 01/01/2017 Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM), NASA MAP (Modeling, Analysis and Prediction)

    ; Initially Co-I (PI Stolarski, now retired) and PI (as of 2010) for the Code 614 part of this joint (with GMAO) venture.

    Other Professional Information

    In the past few years have been working with young scientists to improve their writing skills and in proposal development.

    Special Experience

    Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Deputy Project Scientist 1993 - 2005

    Aura Deputy Project Scientist - 1998 - 2009
    Aura Project Scientist - 2009 - present

    Editor, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 1995 - 1999
    Associate Editor, Aura Special Issue IEEE  2006
    Associate Editor, Aura Special Issue Journal of Geophysical Research 2007

    Editor for NASA reference publication 1248 (1990) 'Atmosphric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft: A current Consensus'

    Tutorial Lecturer at WMO/World Clmate Research Program Symposium on Global Tracer Transport Models, 1990

    Member, College of Reviewers for the Canada Research Chairs Program, 2004 - present

    Member, International Ozone Commission, 2004 - 2012

    Lecturer, Oxford Spring School 2005

    Lecturer, Canadian Summer School 2005

    Morris Katz Lecture in Environmental Research, York University, 2006

    Coordinating Lead Author, Chapter 2 of WMO Scientific Assessment of Stratospheric Ozone, 2010



    Publications

    Refereed

    Liu, J., J. M. Rodriguez, S. D. Steenrod, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Logan, M. A. Olsen, K. Wargan, and J. R. Ziemke. 2017. "Causes of interannual variability over the southern hemispheric tropospheric ozone maximum." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (5): 3279-3299 [10.5194/acp-17-3279-2017]

    Ziemke, J. R., S. A. Strode, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Joiner, A. Vasilkov, L. D. Oman, J. Liu, S. E. Strahan, P. K. Bhartia, and D. P. Haffner. 2017. "A cloud-ozone data product from Aura OMI and MLS satellite measurements." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10 (11): 4067-4078 [10.5194/amt-10-4067-2017]

    Strode, S. A., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. M. Manyin, J. E. Nielsen, and L. D. Oman. 2017. "A Model and Satellite-Based Analysis of the Tropospheric Ozone Distribution in Clear Versus Convectively Cloudy Conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, [10.1002/2017jd027015]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Liu, J., J. M. Rodriguez, A. M. Thompson, et al. J. A. Logan, A. R. Douglass, M. A. Olsen, S. D. Steenrod, and F. Posny. 2016. "Origins of tropospheric ozone interannual variation over Réunion: A model investigation." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121 (1): 521 - 537 [10.1002/ 2015JD023981]

    Dessler, A., H. Ye, T. Wang, et al. M. Schoeberl, L. Oman, A. Douglass, A. Butler, K. Rosenlof, S. Davis, and R. Portmann. 2016. "Transport of ice into the stratosphere and the humidification of the stratosphere over the 21st century." Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (5): 2323-2329 [10.1002/2016gl067991]

    Li, F., Y. V. Vikhliaev, P. Newman, et al. S. Pawson, J. Perlwitz, D. W. Waugh, and A. R. Douglass. 2016. "Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System - Version 5 (GEOS-5)." Journal of Climate, 29 (9): 3199–3218 [10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0572.1]

    Strode, S. A., H. M. Worden, M. Damon, et al. A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, L. K. Emmons, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, J. M. Rodriguez, S. E. Strahan, and S. Tilmes. 2016. "Interpreting space-based trends in carbon monoxide with multiple models." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16 (11): 7285-7294 [10.5194/acp-16-7285-2016]

    Oman, L. D., A. R. Douglass, R. J. Salawitch, et al. T. P. Canty, J. R. Ziemke, and M. Manyin. 2016. "The effect of representing bromine from VSLS on the simulation and evolution of Antarctic ozone." Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (18): 9869-9876 [10.1002/2016gl070471]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and S. D. Steenrod. 2016. "Chemical and dynamical impacts of stratospheric sudden warmings on Arctic ozone variability." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (19): 11,836-11,851 [10.1002/2016jd025128]

    Ziemke, J. R., A. R. Douglass, L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, and B. N. Duncan. 2015. "Tropospheric ozone variability in the tropics from ENSO to MJO and shorter timescales." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15 (14): 8037-8049 [10.5194/acp-15-8037-2015]

    Wargan, K., S. Pawson, M. A. Olsen, et al. J. C. Witte, A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2015. "The Global Structure of Upper Troposphere-Lower Stratosphere Ozone in GEOS-5: A Multi-Year Assimilation of EOS Aura Data." J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos, 120: 2013-2036 [10.1002/2014JD022493]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, L. D. Oman, and D. W. Waugh. 2015. "Impact of future nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions on the stratospheric ozone layer." Environmental Research Letters, 10 (3): 034011 [10.1088/1748-9326/10/3/034011]

    Strahan, S. E., L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, and L. Coy. 2015. "Modulation of Antarctic vortex composition by the quasi-biennial oscillation." Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (10): 4216-4223 [10.1002/2015gl063759]

    Prather, M. J., J. Hsu, N. M. DeLuca, et al. C. H. Jackman, L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, E. L. Fleming, S. E. Strahan, S. D. Steenrod, O. A. Søvde, I. S. Isaksen, L. Froidevaux, and B. Funke. 2015. "Measuring and modeling the lifetime of nitrous oxide including its variability." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (11): 5693-5705 [10.1002/2015jd023267]

    Schoeberl, M. R., H. B. Selkirk, H. Vömel, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Sources of seasonal variability in tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere water vapor and ozone: Inferences from the Ticosonde data set at Costa Rica." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120 (18): 9684-9701 [10.1002/2015jd023299]

    Strode, S. A., B. N. Duncan, E. A. Yegorova, et al. J. Kouatchou, J. R. Ziemke, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Implications of carbon monoxide bias for methane lifetime and atmospheric composition in chemistry climate models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15: 11789–11805 [10.5194/acp-15-11789-2015]

    Douglass, A. R., S. E. Strahan, L. D. Oman, and R. S. Stolarski. 2014. "Understanding differences in chemistry climate model projections of stratospheric ozone." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (8): 4922–4939 [10.1002/2013JD021159]

    Oman, L. D., and A. R. Douglass. 2014. "Improvements in total column ozone in GEOSCCM and comparisons with a new ozone-depleting substances scenario." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (9): 5613-5624 [10.1002/2014JD021590]

    Douglass, A. R., P. A. Newman, and S. Solomon. 2014. "The Antarctic Ozone Hole: an Update." Phys. Today, 67 (7): 42-48 [10.1063/PT.3.2449]

    Stolarski, R. S., D. W. Waugh, L. Wang, et al. L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, and P. Newman. 2014. "Seasonal variation of ozone in the tropical lower stratosphere: Southern tropics are different from northern tropics." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119: 6196-6206 [10.1002/2013JD021294]

    Ziemke, J. R., M. A. Olsen, J. C. Witte, et al. A. R. Douglass, S. E. Strahan, K. Wargan, X. Liu, M. Schoeberl, K. Yang, T. Kaplan, S. Pawson, B. N. Duncan, P. Newman, P. K. Bhartia, and M. K. Heney. 2014. "Assessment and applications of NASA ozone data products derived from Aura OMI/MLS satellite measurements in context of the GMI chemical transport model." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119 (9): 5671-5699 [10.1002/2013JD020914]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, and S. E. Strahan. 2013. "The large-scale frozen-in anticyclone in the 2011 Arctic summer stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (6): 2656-2672 [10.1002/jgrd.50256]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2013. "The contributions of chemistry and transport to low arctic ozone in March 2011 derived from Aura MLS observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (3): 1563-1576 [10.1002/jgrd.50181]

    Oman, L. D., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. J. M. Rodriguez, D. W. Waugh, and J. E. Nielsen. 2013. "The ozone response to ENSO in aura satellite measurements and a chemistry-climate simulation." J. Geophys. Res., 118: 965-976 [The ozone response to ENSO in aura satellite measu]

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, and T. B. Kaplan. 2013. "Variability of extratropical ozone stratosphere-troposphere exchange using microwave limb sounder observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (2): 1090-1099 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2012JD018465]

    Aquila, V., L. D. Oman, R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. Newman. 2013. "The Response of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide to the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo at Southern and Northern Midlatitudes." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (3): 894-900 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0143.1]

    Li, F., D. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2012. "Seasonal variations of stratospheric age spectra in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D5): D05134 [10.1029/2011JD016877]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, G. E. Nedoulha, and L. Coy. 2012. "Tracer transport during the Arctic stratospheric final warming based on a 33-year (1979-2011) tracer equivalent latitude simulation." Geophys. Res. Lett., 39 (12): L12801 [10.1029/2012GL051930]

    Li, F., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2012. "Seasonal variations of stratospheric age spectra in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J. Geophys. Res, 117: 10.1029/2011JD016877.

    Lang, C., D. W. Waugh, M. A. Olsen, et al. A. R. Douglass, Q. Liang, J. E. Nielsen, L. D. Oman, S. Pawson, and R. S. Stolarski. 2012. "The impact of greenhouse gases on past changes in tropospheric ozone." J Geophys Res, 117 (D23): D23304 [10.1029/2012JD018293]

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and L. D. Oman. 2012. "Understanding differences in upper stratospheric ozone response to changes in chlorine and temperature as computed using CCMVal-2 models." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D16): D16306 [10.1029/2012JD017483]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, E. Remsberg, N. Livesey, and J. C. Gille. 2012. "Ozone temperature correlations in the upper stratosphere as a measure of chlorine content." J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D10): D10305 [10.1029/2012JD017456]

    Li, F., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. E. Strahan, J. Ma, J. E. Nielsen, Q. Liang, and P. Newman. 2012. "Long-term changes in stratospheric age spectra in the 21st century in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry-Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J Geophys Res, 117 (D20): D20119 [10.1029/2012JD017905]

    Witte, J. C., A. R. Douglass, A. da Silva, et al. O. Torres, R. Levy, and B. N. Duncan. 2011. "NASA A-Train and Terra observations of the 2010 Russian wildfires." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (17): 9287-9301 [10.5194/acp-11-9287-2011]

    Oman, L. D., J. R. Ziemke, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. W. Waugh, C. Lang, J. M. Rodriguez, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "The response of tropical tropospheric ozone to ENSO." Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (13): L13706 [10.1029/2011GL047865]

    Liang, Q., J. M. Rodriguez, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Crawford, E. Apel, H. Bian, D. Blake, W. Brune, M. Chin, P. R. Colarco, A. Silva, G. Diskin, B. N. Duncan, L. Huey, D. Knapp, D. Montzka, J. Nielsen, J. Olson, S. Pawson, D. Riemer, A. Weinheimer, and A. Wisthaler. 2011. "Reactive nitrogen, ozone and ozone production in the Arctic troposphere and the impact of stratosphere-troposphere exchange." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (24): 13181-13199 [10.5194/acp-11-13181-2011]

    Fleming, E. L., C. H. Jackman, R. S. Stolarski, and A. R. Douglass. 2011. "A model study of the impact of source gas changes on the stratosphere for 1850–2100." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (16): 8515-8541 [10.5194/acp-11-8515-2011]

    Witte, J. C., B. N. Duncan, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. Kurosu, K. Chance, and C. Retscher. 2011. "The unique OMI HCHO/NO2 feature during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: Implications for ozone production sensitivity." Atmospheric Environment, 45 (18): 3103-3111 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.015]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, G. L. Manney, et al. S. E. Strahan, J. C. Krosschell, J. V. Trueblood, J. E. Nielsen, S. Pawson, and Z. Zhu. 2011. "Modeling the Frozen-In Anticyclone in the 2005 Arctic Summer Stratosphere." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11: 4557-4576 [10.5194/acp-11-4557-2011]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 2011. "Using transport diagnostics to understand chemistry climate model ozone simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 116 (D17): [10.1029/2010JD015360]

    Oman, L. D., D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2010. "Mechanisms and feedback causing changes in upper stratospheric ozone in the 21st century." J. Geophys. Res, 115:

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, M. R. Schoeberl, J. M. Rodriguez, and Y. Yoshida. 2010. "Interannual variability of ozone in the winter lower stratosphere and the relationship to lamina and irreversible transport." J. Geophys. Res., 115 (D15): D15305 [10.1029/2009JD013004]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, S. Pawson, and M. Schoeberl. 2010. "Relative Contribution of Greenhouse Gases and Ozone-Depleting Substances to Temperature Trends in the Stratosphere: A Chemistry–Climate Model Study." Journal of Climate, 23 (1): 28-42 [10.1175/2009JCLI2955.1]

    Liang, Q., R. S. Stolarski, S. Kawa, et al. J. Nielsen, A. R. Douglass, J. M. Rodriguez, D. Blake, E. Atlas, and L. Ott. 2010. "Finding the missing stratospheric Bry: a global modeling study of CHBr₃ and CH₂Br₂." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10 (5): 2269-2286 [10.5194/acp-10-2269-2010]

    Oman, L. D., D. Plummer, D. Waugh, et al. J. Austin, J. Scinocca, A. R. Douglass, R. Salawitch, T. Canty, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. Chippenfield, D. Cugnet, S. Dhomse, V. Eyring, S. Frith, S. Hardiman, D. Kinnison, J. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, J. Nielsen, D. Olivie, G. Pitari, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, T. Shepherd, K. Shibata, R. S. Stolarski, H. Teyssedre, W. Tian, Y. Yamashita, and J. R. Ziemke. 2010. "Multimodel assessment of the factors driving stratospheric ozone evolution over the 21st century." J Geophys Res, 115 (D24): D24306 [10.1029/2010JD014362]

    Cagnazzo, C., E. Manzini, N. Calvo, A. R. Douglass, and H. Akiyoshi. 2009. "Northern winter stratospheric temperature and ozone responses to ENSO inferred from an ensemble of Chemistry Climate Models ." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9: 8935-8948.

    Waugh, D. W., L. Oman, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, S. Pawson, A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, and J. E. Nielsen. 2009. "Impacts of climate change on stratospheric ozone recovery." Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (3): L03805 [10.1029/2008GL036223]

    Newman, P., L. Oman, A. R. Douglass, et al. E. L. Fleming, S. M. Frith, M. M. Hurwitz, S. R. Kawa, C. H. Jackman, N. A. Krotkov, E. R. Nash, J. E. Nielsen, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, and G. J. Velders. 2009. "What would have happened to the ozone layer if chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) had not been regulated?" Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (6): 2113-2128 [10.5194/acp-9-2113-2009]

    Liang, Q., A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, R. S. Stolarski, and J. C. Witte. 2009. "The governing processes and timescales of stratosphere-to-troposphere transport and its contribution to ozone in the Arctic troposphere." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (9): 3011-3025 [10.5194/acp-9-3011-2009]

    Kawa, S. R., R. S. Stolarski, P. Newman, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. Rex, D. Hofmann, M. Santee, and K. Frieler. 2009. "Sensitivity of polar stratospheric ozone loss to uncertainties in chemical reaction kinetics." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9 (22): 8651-8660 [10.5194/acp-9-8651-2009]

    Witte, J., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, et al. J. Gleason, N. A. Krotkov, J. Gille, K. E. Pickering, and N. Livesey. 2009. "Satellite observations of changes in air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Paralympics." Geophys Res Lett, 36 (17): L17803 [10.1029/2009GL039236]

    Duncan, B., Y. Yoshida, M. Damon, A. Douglass, and J. Witte. 2009. "Temperature dependence of factors controlling isoprene emissions." Geophysical Research Letters, 36 (5): L05813 [10.1029/2008GL037090]

    Kawa, S. R., R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. Rex, D. J. Hofmann, M. L. Santee, and K. Frieler. 2009. "Sensitivity of polar stratospheric ozone loss to uncertainties in chemical reaction kinetics." Atmos. Chem. Phys, 9: 8651-8660 [10.5194/acp-9-8651-2009]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, et al. L. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, N. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, W. Read, M. Filipiak, and H. Pumphrey. 2008. "QBO and annual cycle variations in tropical lower stratosphere trace gases from HALOE and Aura MLS observations." J. Geophys. Res, 113:

    Liang, Q., R. Stolarski, A. Douglass, P. Newman, and J. Nielsen. 2008. "Evaluation of emissions and transport of CFCs using surface observations and their seasonal cycles and the GEOS CCM simulation with emissions-based forcing." J. Geophys. Res, 113:

    Douglass, A., R. Stolarski, C. Jackman, et al. M. Gupta, P. Newman, J. Nielsen, and E. Fleming. 2008. "Relationship of loss, mean age of air and the distribution of CFCs to stratospheric circulation and implications for atmospheric lifetimes." J. Geophys. Res, 113:

    Pawson, S., R. Stolarski, A. Douglass, et al. P. Newman, J. Nielsen, S. Frith, and M. Gupta. 2008. "Goddard Earth Observing System chemistry-climate model simulations of stratospheric ozone-temperature coupling between 1950 and 2005." J. Geophys. Res, 113:

    Witte, J., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, and A. Thompson. 2008. "The Quasi-biennial Oscillation and annual variations in tropical ozone from SHADOZ and HALOE." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8 (14): 3929-3936 [10.5194/acp-8-3929-2008]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, and J. Joiner. 2008. "Introduction to special section on Aura Validation." J Geophys Res, 113 (D15S01, doi:101029/):

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, et al. L. R. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, and N. Livesey. 2008. "QBO and annual cycle variations in tropical lower stratosphere trace gases from HALOE and Aura MLS observations." J Geophy Res, 113 (D5, D05301, 101029/):

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, M. R. Schoeberl, et al. C. H. Jackman, P. Gupta, P. Newman, E. L. Fleming, J. E. Nielsen, and E. L. Fleming. 2008. "Relationship of loss, mean age of air and the distribution of CFCs to stratospheric circulation and implications for atmospheric lifetimes." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D14): D14309 [10.1029/2007JD009575]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and W. Read. 2008. "Comparison of lower stratospheric tropical mean vertical velocities." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D24): D24109 [10.1029/2008JD010221]

    Liang, Q., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, and J. E. Nielsen. 2008. "Evaluation of emissions and transport of CFCs using surface observations and their seasonal cycles and the GEOS CCM simulation with emissions-based forcing." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (D14): D14302 [10.1029/2007JD009617]

    Pawson, S., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, J. E. Nielsen, S. M. Frith, and M. L. Gupta. 2008. "Goddard Earth Observing System chemistry-climate model simulations of stratospheric ozone temperature coupling between 1950 and 2005." J Geophy Res Atmos, 113 (D12, D12103, doi:10):

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, et al. J. C. Gille, B. Nardi, V. A. Yudin, D. E. Kinnison, and R. Khosravi. 2008. "HIRDLS observations and simulation of a lower stratospheric intrusion of tropical air to high latitudes." Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (21): L21813 [10.1029/2008GL035514]

    Terao, Y., J. Logan, A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 2008. "Contribution of stratospheric ozone to the interannual variability of tropospheric ozone in the northern extratropics." J Geophy Res, 113 (D18309): [10.1029/2008JD009854]

    Lary, D., D. Waugh, A. Douglass, et al. R. Stolarski, P. Newman, and H. Mussa. 2007. "Variations in stratospheric inorganic chlorine between 1991 and 2006." GeopHy Res Lett, 34: L21811.

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, S. Steenrod, and S. Pawson. 2006. "Trends in Stratospheric Ozone: Lessons Learned from a 3D Chemical Transport Model." J. Atmos. Sci., 63 (3): 1028-1041 [10.1175/JAS3650.1]

    Schoeberl, M. R., B. N. Duncan, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, and M. Filipiak. 2006. "The Carbon Monoxide Tape Recorder ." Journal of Geophysical Research , 33:

    Schoeberl, M. R., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. J. McGee, E. V. Browell, J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, M. L. Santee, H. C. Pumphrey, L. R. Lait, and L. Twigg. 2006. "Chemical observations of a polar vortex intrusion." J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D20): D20306 [10.1029/2006JD007134]

    Schoeberl, M., A. Douglass, E. Hilsenrath, et al. P. K. Bhartia, R. Beer, J. Waters, M. Gunson, L. Froidevaux, J. Gille, J. Barnett, P. Levelt, and P. DeCola. 2006. "Overview of the EOS Aura Mission." IEEE Trans on Geosc And Remote Sensing, 44 (5): IGRSD2 1066-1074.

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, and M. Schoeberl. 2006. "On detecting a trend in the residual circulation from observations of column HCl." Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (14): L14815 [10.1029/2006GL026214]

    Douglass, A., B. Polansky, S. Strahan, and R. Stolarski. 2006. "Sensitivity of Arctic ozone loss to polar stratospheric cloud volume and chlorine and bromine loading in a chemistry and transport model." Geophys Res Lett, 33: L17809.

    Stolarski, R., A. Douglass, S. Steenrod, and S. Pawson. 2006. "Trends in stratospheric ozone: Lessons learned from a 3-D chemical transport model." J Atmos Sc, 63: 1028-1041.

    Schoeberl, M., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. J. Mcgee, E. V. Browell, J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, M. L. Santee, H. C. Pumphrey, L. R. Lait, and L. Twigg. 2006. "Chemical observations of a polar vortex intrusion." J Geophys Res, 111: D20306 [10.1029/2006JD007134]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, M. Gupta, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, M. Schoeberl, and J. Nielsen. 2006. "An ozone increase in the Antarctic summer stratosphere: A dynamical response to the ozone hole." Geophys Res Lett, 33: L21805 [10.1029/2006GL026820 ]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, B. Polansky, et al. C. Boone, K. A. Walker, and P. Bernath. 2005. "Estimation of Stratospheric Age Spectrum from Chemical Tracers." Journal of Geophysical Research, 110:

    Ma, J., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. R. Kawa, P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, and S. J. Lin. 2004. "Interannual variability of stratospheric trace gases: The role of extratropical wave driving." Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 130 (602): 2459-2474 [10.1256/qj.04.28]

    Gupta, M., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, and S. Pawson. 2004. "Use of radon for evaluation of atmospheric transport models: sensitivity to emissions." Tellus B, 56 (5): 404-412 [10.1111/j.1600-0889.2004.00124.x]

    Strahan, S. E., and A. R. Douglass. 2004. "Evaluating the credibility of transport processes in simulations of ozone recovery using the Global Modeling Initiative three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res., 109 (D5): D05110 [10.1029/2003JD004238]

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and P. Connell. 2004. "Radicals and reservoirs in the GMI chemistry and transport model: Comparison to measurements." J. Geophys. Res., 109 (D16): [10.1029/2004JD004632]

    Olsen, M. A., M. R. Schoeberl, and A. R. Douglass. 2004. "Stratosphere-troposphere exchange of mass and air." Journal of Geophysical Research , 109:

    Gupta, M. L., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, and S. Pawson. 2004. "Use of radon for evaluation of atmospheric transport models: sensitivity to emissions." Tellus Ser B - Chem and Phys. Meteor, 56: 404-412.

    Ma, J., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. R. Kawa, P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. J. Lin, and Q. J. Roy. 2004. "Interannual variability of stratospheric trace gases: The role of extratropical wave driving." Met. Soc, 130: 2459-2474.

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, S. Pawson, and Z. Zhu. 2003. "A comparison of the lower stratospheric age spectra derived from a general circulation model and two data assimilation systems." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D3): 4113 [10.1029/2002JD002652]

    Ma, J., D. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, and S. R. Kawa. 2003. "Evaluation of the transport in the Goddard Space Flight Center three-dimensional chemical transport model using the equivalent length diagnostic." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D6): [10.1029/2002JD002268]

    Douglass, A. R., M. R. Schoeberl, R. B. Rood, and S. Pawson. 2003. "Evaluation of transport in the lower tropical stratosphere in a global chemistry and transport model." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D9): 4259 [10.1029/2002JD002696]

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, and M. A. Schoeberl. 2003. "A comparison of northern and southern hemisphere cross-tropopause ozone flux." Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (7): 1412 [10.1029/2002GL016538]

    Considine, D. B., S. R. Kawa, M. R. Schoeberl, and A. R. Douglass. 2003. "N2O and NOy observations in the 1999/2000 Arctic polar vortex: Implications for transport processes in a CTM." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D5): 4170 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2002JD002525]

    Jackman, C. H., and A. R. Douglass. 2003. "Overview of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite: Observations from 1991 to 2002." Adv. Sp. Res., 31: 2101-2104.

    Rosenfield, J. E., A. R. Douglass, and D. B. Considine. 2002. "The impact of increasing carbon dioxide on ozone recovery." J. Geophys. Res., 107: 4049.

    Kawa, S. R., R. Bevilacqua, J. J. Margitan, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. R. Schoeberl, K. Hoppel, and B. Sen. 2002. "Interaction between dynamics and chemistry of ozone in the setup phase of the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex." J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D5): 8310 [10.1029/2001JD001527]

    Kinnison, D. E., P. S. Connell, J. M. Rodriguez, et al. D. A. Rotman, D. B. Considine, J. Tannahill, R. Ramaroson, P. J. Rasch, A. R. Douglass, S. L. Baughcum, L. Coy, D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, and M. J. Prather. 2001. "The Global Modeling Initiative assessment model: Application to high-speed civil transport perturbation." J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D2): 1693-1711 [10.1029/2000jd900406]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, L. C. Sparling, and J. E. Nielsen. 2000. "Seasonal Variability of Middle-Latitude Ozone in the Lowermost Stratosphere Derived from Probability Distribution Functions,." J. Geophys. Res., 105: 17 [Full Text (Link)] [793-17]

    Gettelman, A., J. R. Holton, and A. R. Douglass. 2000. "Simulations of Water Vapor in the Lower Stratosphere and Upper Troposphere,." J. Geophys. Res., 106: 9003-9023.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 2000. "Lamination Frequencies as a Diagnostic for Horizontal Mixing in a 3D Transport Model,." J. Atmos. Sci., 57: 247-261.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, P. S. Connell, D. E. Kinnison, and D. A. Rotman. 2000. "A Polar Stratospheric Cloud Parameterization for the Global Modeling Initiative Three-Dimensional Model and its Response to Stratospheric Aircraft,." J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D33): 3955-3973 [10.1029/1999JD900932]

    Allen, D. R., J. L. Stanford, M. A. Lopez-Valverde, et al. N. Nakamura, D. J. Lary, A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, J. J. Remedios, and F. W. Taylor. 1999. "Observations of Middle Atmosphere CO from the UARS ISAMS During the Early Northern Winter 1991/1992,." J. Atmos. Sci., 56: 563-583.

    Douglass, A. R., M. J. Prather, T. M. Hall, et al. S. E. Strahan, P. J. Rasch, L. C. Sparling, L. Coy, and J. M. Rodriguez. 1999. "Choosing meteorological input for the global modeling initiative assessment of high-speed aircraft." J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D22): 27545-27564 [10.1029/1999JD900827]

    Douglass, A. R., and S. R. Kawa. 1999. "Contrast Between 1992 and 1997 High Latitude Spring Halogen Occultation Experiment Observations of Lower Stratospheric HCl." J. Geophys. Res., 104 (D15): 18739-18754 [10.1029/1999JD900281]

    Siang, Y., Y. L. Yung, A. R. Douglass, and K. K. Tung. 1998. "The Standard Deviation of Column Ozone from the Zonal Mean,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 25: 911-914.

    Sparling, L. C., A. R. Douglass, and M. R. Schoeberl. 1998. "An Estimate of the Effect of Unresolved Structure on Modeled Ozone Loss from Aircraft Observations of ClO." Geophys. Res. Lett., 25 (3): 305-308 [10.1029/97GL53696]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, J. E. Nielsen, and K. A. Boering. 1998. "The CO2 Seasonal Cycle as a Trace of Transport,." J. Geophys. Res., 103: 729-741.

    Morris, G. A., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, L. Froidevaux, and J. Waters. 1998. "Low-Ozone Pockets Explained,." J. Geophys. Res., 103: 3599-3610.

    Dessler, A. E., M. D. Burrage, J.-U. Grooss, et al. J. R. Holton, J. L. Lean, S. T. Massie, M. R. Schoeberl, A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1998. "Selected Science Highlights from the First 5 Years of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) Program." Rev. Geophys., 36: 183-210.

    Danilin, M. Y., D. W. Fahey, U. Schumann, et al. M. J. Prather, J. E. Penner, M. K. Ko, D. K. Weisenstein, C. H. Jackman, G. Pitari, I. Kohler, R. Sausen, C. J. Weaver, A. R. Douglass, P. S. Connell, D. E. Kinnison, F. J. Dentener, E. L. Fleming, T. K. Berntsen, I. S. Isaksen, J. M. Haywood, and B. Karcher. 1998. "Aviation Fuel Tracer Simulation: Model Intercomparison and Implications." Geophys. Res. Lett., 25 (21): 3947-3950 [10.1029/1998GL900058]

    Rosenfield, J. E., and A. R. Douglass. 1998. "Doubled CO2 Effects on NOy in a Coupled 2D Model." Geophys. Res. Lett., 25 (23): 4381-4384 [10.1029/1998GL900147]

    Yudin, V. A., M. A. Geller, B. V. Khattatov, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, J. W. Waters, L. S. Elson, A. E. Roche, and J. E. Russell III. 1997. "The Early Stages of Lower Stratospheric Polar Processing in Northern and Southern Winters: Model Results and UARS Observations,." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 19 [Full Text (Link)] [137-19]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, S. R. Kawa, and D. J. Allen. 1997. "A 3D Simulation of the Evolution of the Middle Latitude Winter Ozone in the Middle Stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 102 (D15): 19,217-19,232 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/97JD01043]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, and W. G. Read. 1997. "Synoptic-Scale Mass Exchange from the Troposphere to the Stratosphere,." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 23 [Full Text (Link)] [467-23]

    Kumer, J. B., S. R. Kawa, A. E. Roche, et al. J. L. Merganthaler, S. E. Smith, F. W. Taylor, P. S. Connell, and A. R. Douglass. 1997. "UARS First Global N2O5 Data Sets: Application to a Stratospheric Warming Event in January 1992,." J. Geophys. Res., 102: 3575-3582.

    Dessler, A. E., D. B. Considine, S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, and J. M. Russell. 1997. "Lower Stratospheric Chlorine Partitioning During the Decay of the Mt. Pinatubo Aerosol Cloud,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 24: 1623-1626.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and D. B. Considine. 1996. "A 5-Year Simulation of Supersonic Aircraft Emission Transport Using a Three-Dimensional Model." J. Geophys. Res., 101 (D15): 20,975-20,984 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/96JD01700]

    Kondo, Y., S. R. Kawa, D. Lary, et al. T. Sugita, A. R. Douglass, E. Lutman, M. Koike, and T. Deshler. 1996. "Interpretation of Nitric Oxide Profile Observed in January 1992 over Kiruna,." J. Geophys. Res., 101: 12 [Full Text (Link)] [555-12]

    Douglass, A. R., C. J. Weaver, R. B. Rood, and L. Coy. 1996. "A Three-Dimensional Simulation of the Ozone Annual Cycle Using Winds from a Data Assimilation System." J. Geophys. Res., 101 (D1): 1463-1474 [10.1029/95JD02601]

    Dessler, A. E., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. B. Considine, J. B. Kumer, A. E. Roche, J. W. Waters, J. M. Russell III, and J. C. Gille. 1996. "A Test of the Partitioning Between ClO and ClONO2 Based on Simultaneous UARS Measurements of ClO, NO2, and ClONO2." J. Geophys. Res., 101 (D7): 12515-12521 [10.1029/96JD00695]

    Schoeberl, M., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, et al. A. Dessler, P. A. Newman, R. S. Stolarski, A. Roche, J. Waters, and J. Russell III. 1996. "Development of the Antarctic Ozone Hole." J. Geophys. Res, 101 (D15): 20909–20924 [10.1029/96JD01707]

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1995. "Tracer Transport for Realistic Aircraft Emission Scenarios Calculated Using a Three-Dimensional Model,." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 5203-5214.

    Cerniglia, M., R. B. Rood, and A. R. Douglass. 1995. "Three-dimensional simulation of the influence of a cutoff low on the distribution of northern hemisphere processed air in late January 1992." J. Geophys. Res., 100 (D8): 16,431-16,443 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/95JD00689]

    Holton, J. R., P. H. Haynes, A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, and L. Pfister. 1995. "Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange,." Rev. Geophys., 33: 403-439.

    Douglass, A. R., M. R. Schoeberl, R. S. Stolarski, et al. J. W. Waters, J. M. Russell III, A. E. Roche, and S. T. Massie. 1995. "Interhemispheric Differences in Springtime Production of HCl and ClONO2 in the Polar Vortices,." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 13 [Full Text (Link)] [967-13]

    Geller, M. A., V. Yudin, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. W. Waters, L. S. Elson, A. E. Roche, and J. M. Russell III. 1995. "UARS PSC, ClONO2, and ClO Measurements in Early Winter: Additional Verification of the Paradigm for Chlorine Activation,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 22: 2937-2940.

    Kawa, S. R., J. B. Kumer, A. R. Douglass, et al. A. E. Roche, S. E. Smith, F. W. Taylor, and D. J. Allen. 1995. "Missing Chemistry of Reactive Nitrogen in the Upper Stratospheric Polar Winter,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 22: 2629-2632.

    Sparling, L., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, et al. C. Weaver, P. Newman, and L. Lait. 1995. "Trajectory Modelling of Emissions from Lower Stratospheric Aircraft." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 1427-1438.

    Fleming, E. L., S. Chandra, C. H. Jackman, D. B. Considine, and A. R. Douglass. 1995. "The Middle Atmosphere Response to Short and Long Term Solar UV Variations: Analysis of Observations and 2D Model Results." J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57: 333-365.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1995. "Sensitivity of 2D Model Predictions of Ozone Response to Stratospheric Aircraft." J. Geophys. Res., 100: 3075-3090.

    Jackman, C. H., M. C. Cerniglia, J. E. Nielsen, et al. D. J. Allen, J. M. Zawodny, R. D. Mc Peters, A. R. Douglass, J. E. Rosenfield, and R. B. Rood. 1995. "Two-dimensional and three-dimensional model simulations, measurements, and interpretation of the influence of the October 1989 solar proton events on the middle atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 100 (D6): 11641-11660 [10.1029/95JD00369]

    Nielsen, J. E., R. B. Rood, A. R. Douglass, et al. M. C. Cerniglia, D. J. Allen, and J. E. Rosenfield. 1994. "Tracer Evolution in Winds Generated by a Global Spectral Mechanistic Model,." J. Geophys. Res., 99: 5399-5420.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1994. "Effects of a Polar Stratospheric Cloud Parameterization on Ozone Depletion due to Stratospheric Aircraft in a 2D Model." J. Geophys. Res., 99 (D9): 18879-18894 [10.1029/94JD01026 ]

    Geller, M., Y. Chi, R. B. Rood, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. J. Allen. 1993. "Satellite Observations and Mapping of Wintertime Ozone Variability in the Lower Stratosphere,." J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55: 1081-1088.

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, C. J. Weaver, M. Cerniglia, and K. Brueske. 1993. "Implications of 3D Tracer Studies on 2D Assessments of the Impact of Supersonic Aircraft on Stratospheric Ozone,." J. Geophys. Res., 98: 8949-8963.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1993. "Thermodynamic Balance of Three Dimensional Stratospheric Winds Derived from a Data Assimilation Procedure,." J. Atmos. Sci., 50: 2987-2993.

    Schoeberl, M. R., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, L. R. Lait, J. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, and W. G. Ready. 1993. "MLS ClO Observations and Arctic Polar Vortex Temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett, 20: 2861-2864.

    Kawa, S. R., D. W. Fahey, J. C. Wilson, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, E. L. Woodbridge, H. Jonsson, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, M. H. Proffitt, D. W. Toohey, D. E. Anderson, M. Loewenstein, K. R. Chan, C. R. Webster, R. May, and K. K. Kelly. 1993. "Interpretation of NOx/NOy Observations from AASE-II Using a Model of Chemistry Along Trajectories." Geophys. Res. Lett, 20: 2507-2510.

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, et al. P. A. Newman, L. R. Lait, D. Toohey, L. Avallone, J. G. Anderson, W. Brune, D. W. Fahey, and K. Kelly. 1993. "The Evolution of ClO and NO along Air Parcel Trajectories." Geophys. Res. Lett, 20: 2511-2514.

    Jackman, C. H., J. E. Nielsen, D. J. Allen, et al. M. C. Cerniglia, R. D. McPeters, A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1993. "The Effects of the October 1989 Solar Proton Events on the Stratosphere as Computed Using a Three-Dimensional Model." Geophys. Res. Lett., 20: 459-462.

    Chandra, S., C. H. Jackman, A. R. Douglass, E. L. Fleming, and D. B. Considine. 1993. "Chlorine Catalyzed Destruction of Ozone: Implications for Ozone Variability in the Upper Stratosphere." Geophys. Res. Lett., 20 (5): 351-354 [10.1029/93GL00212]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, J. Waters, et al. L. Froidevaux, W. Read, L. Elson, M. Geller, Y. Chi, M. Cerniglia, and S. Steenrod. 1993. "A 3D Simulation of the Early Winter Distribution of Reactive Chlorine in the North Polar Vortex." Geophys. Res. Lett., 20 (12): 1271-1274 [10.1029/93GL01586]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. B. Considine. 1993. "Characteristics of wintertime and autumn nitric acid chemistry as defined by Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) data." J. Geophys. Res., 98 (D10): 18533-18545 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/93JD01419]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. J. Weaver. 1992. "Tracer Exchange Between the Tropics and Middle Latitudes,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 19: 805-808.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 1992. "Heterogeneous Conversion of N2O5 to HNO3 on Background Stratospheric Aerosols: Comparisons of Model Results with Data,." Geophys. Res. Lett., 19: 397-400.

    Rood, R. B., J. E. Nielsen, R. S. Stolarski, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. J. Allen. 1992. "Episodic Total Ozone Minima and Associated Effects on Heterogeneous Chemistry and Lower Stratospheric Transport." J. Geophys. Res., 97 (D8): 7979-7996 [10.1029/91JD02683]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, J. A. Kaye, et al. R. S. Stolarski, D. J. Allen, and E. M. Larson. 1991. "The influlence of polar heterogeneous processes on reactive chlorine at middle latitudes: Three dimensional model implications." Geophysical Research Letters, 18 (1): 25-28 [10.1029/90GL02601]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, et al. M. A. Geller, C. Yuechen, D. J. Allen, E. M. Larson, E. R. Nash, and J. E. Nielsen. 1991. "Three-dimensional simulations of wintertime ozone variability in the lower stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 96 (D3): 5055 [10.1029/90JD02537]

    Allen, D. J., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, and P. D. Guthrie. 1991. "Application of a Monotonic Upstream-biased Transport Scheme to Three-Dimensional Constituent Transport Calculations." Monthly Weather Review, 119 (10): 2456-2464 [10.1175/1520-0493(1991)119<2456:AOAMUB>2.0.CO;2]

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, et al. R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, D. J. Allen, and E. M. Larson. 1991. "Spatial and Temporal Variability of the Extent of Chemically Processed Stratospheric Air." Geophys. Res. Lett, 18: 29-32.

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, K. F. Brueske, and S. A. Klein. 1991. "The Influence of Dynamics on Two-Dimensional Model Results: Simulations of 14C and Stratospheric Aircraft NOx Injections." J. Geophys. Res., 96: 22559-22572.

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, C. H. Jackman, et al. R. S. Stolarski, R. Zander, and G. Roland. 1991. "Two-Dimensional Model Calculation of Fluorine-Containing Reservoir Species in the Stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res., 96: 12865-12881.

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, S. Chandra, et al. R. S. Stolarski, J. E. Rosenfield, J. A. Kaye, and E. R. Nash. 1991. "Impact of Interannual Variability (1979-86) of Transport and Temperature on Ozone as Computed Using a Two-Dimensional Photochemical Model." J. Geophys. Res., 96: 5073-5079.

    Rood, R. B., J. A. Kaye, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. J. Allen, S. Steenrod, and E. Larson. 1990. "Wintertime Nitric Acid Chemistry: Implications from Three Dimensional Model Calculations." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences , 47 (22): 2696-2709 [0.1175/1520-0469(1990)047]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, R. S. Stolarski, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, M. H. Proffitt, J. J. Margitan, M. Lowenstein, J. R. Podolski, and S. E. Strahan. 1990. "Global three-dimensional constituent fields derived from profile data." Geophysical Research Letters, 17 (4): 525-528 [10.1029/GL017i004p00525]

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, et al. R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, D. J. Allen, E. M. Larson, M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, and G. C. Toon. 1990. "Three Dimensional Simulation of Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen Fluoride during the Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition." Geophys. Res. Lett, 17: 529-532.

    Prather, M. J., M. M. Garcia, A. R. Douglass, et al. C. H. Jackman, M. K. Ko, and N. D. Sze. 1990. "The Impact of the Space Shuttle on Stratospheric Chemistry and Ozone." J. Geophys. Res., 95: 18583-18590.

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, R. D. McPeters, and P. E. Meade. 1990. "Effect of Solar Proton Events on the Middle Atmosphere During the Past Two Solar Cycles as Computed Using a Two-dimensional Model." J. Geophys. Res., 95 (D6): 7417-7428 [10.1029/JD095iD06p07417]

    Douglass, A. R., and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "Impact of heterogeneous reactions on stratospheric chemistry of the Arctic." Geophysical Research Letters, 16 (2): 131-134 [10.1029/GL016i002p00131]

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, P. D. Guthrie, and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "The Sensitivity of Total Ozone in a Two-dimensional Model Due to Dynamical Inputs." J. Geophys. Res., 94: 9873-9887.

    Douglass, A. R., C. H. Jackman, and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "Comparison of Model Results Transporting the Odd Nitrogen Family with Results Transporting Separate Odd Nitrogen Species." J. Geophys. Res., 94 (D7): 9862-9872 [10.1029/JD094iD07p09862]

    Hood, L. L., and A. R. Douglass. 1988. "Stratospheric Responses to Solar Ultraviolet Variations: Comparison with Photochemical Theory,." J. Geophys. Res., 93: 3905-3911.

    Douglass, A. R., and R. S. Stolarski. 1987. "The Use of Atmospheric Measurements to Constrain Model Predictions of Ozone Change from Chlorine Perturbations,." J. Geophys. Res., 92: 6662.

    Stolarski, R. S., and A. R. Douglass. 1986. "Sensitivity of an Atmospheric Photochemistry Model to Chlorine Perturbations Including Consideration of Uncertainty Propagation,." J. Geophys. Res., 91: 7853.

    Douglass, A. R., and R. B. Rood. 1986. "Derivation of Photochemical Information near 1 mb from Ozone and Temperature Data." J. Geophys. Res., 91 (D12): 13153–13166 [10.1029/JD091iD12p13153]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, and R. S. Stolarski. 1985. "Interpretation of Ozone Temperature Correlations: 2. Analysis of SBUV Ozone Data,." J. Geophys. Res., 90: 10 [Full Text (Link)] [693-10]

    Rood, R. B., and A. R. Douglass. 1985. "Interpretation of Ozone Temperature Correlations: 1. Theory,." J. Geophys. Res., 90: 5733-5743.

    Stolarski, R. S., and A. R. Douglass. 1985. "Parameterization of the Photochemistry of Stratospheric Ozone Including Catalytic Loss Processes,." J. Geophys. Res., 90: 10 [Full Text (Link)] [709-10]

    Frederick, J. E., G. N. Serafino, and A. R. Douglass. 1984. "An Analysis of the Annual Cycle in Upper Stratospheric Ozone." J. Geophys. Res., 89 (D6): 9547-9555 [10.1029/JD089iD06p09547]

    Frederick, J. E., F. T. Huang, A. R. Douglass, and C. J. Reber. 1983. "The Distribution and Annual Cycle of Ozone in the Upper Stratosphere,." J. Geophys. Res., 88: 3819.

    Horvath, J. J., J. E. Frederick, N. Orsini, and A. R. Douglass. 1983. "Nitric Oxide in the Upper Stratosphere: Measurements and Geophysical Interpretation,." J. Geophys. Res., 88: 10 [809]

    Frederick, J. E., and A. R. Douglass. 1983. "Atmospheric Temperatures near the Tropical Tropopause: Temporal Variations, Zonal Asymmetry and Implications for Stratospheric Water Vapor." Mon. Wea. Rev., 111 (7): 1397-1403 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<1397:ATNTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Douglass, A. R., and J. L. Stanford. 1982. "A Model of the Antarctic Sink for Stratospheric Water Vapor." J. Geophys. Res., 87 (C7): 5001–5008 [10.1029/JC087iC07p05001]

    Douglass, A. R., and J. L. Stanford. 1980. "The Relationship between the Gradient of Satellite-Derived Radiance and Upper Tropospheric/Lower Stratospheric Winds,." J. Appl. Meteor., 19: 113.

    Douglass, A. R., D. E. Venne, and J. L. Stanford. 1978. "Comment [on “Atmospheric HT and HTO, 3, Vertical transport of water in the stratosphere” by A. S. Mason. and H. G. Östlung]." J. Geophys. Res., 83 (C8): 4127-4128 [10.1029/JC083iC08p04127]

    Non-Refereed

    Oman, L. D., D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2010. "Mechanisms and feedback causing changes in upper stratospheric ozone in the 21st century." J. Geophys. Res. 115 (D5): D05303 [10.1029/2009JD012397]

    Newman, P. A., E. R. Nash, A. R. Douglass, J. E. Nielsen, and R. S. Stolarski. 2009. "Estimating When the Antarctic Ozone Hole will Recover." Twenty Years of Ozone Decline: Proceedings of the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol IV: 191-200, ISBN: 978-90-481-2469-5. [10.1007/978-90-481-2469-5_14]

    Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, R. Bevilacqua, et al. J. Cohen, J. S. Daniel, A. R. Douglass, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, T. Keating, M. Ko, S. A. Montzka, P. Newman, V. Ramaswamy, A.-M. Schmoltner, R. S. Stolarski, and K. Vick. 2008. "Executive Summary in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure." A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Asheville, NC: 15-22.

    Selected Public Outreach

    Aura Results Booklet 2014 - Present

    Aura pre-launch brochure 2014 - Present

    UARS results and movie 2014 - Present

    Brief Bio

    My career is best understood in the context of family/life balance.  A year after the birth of my first child, after completing an undergraduate degree majoring in Physics at a women's liberal arts college, I began my part-time graduate school career.  After three years and a master's degree, I changed schools and began a PhD program with a specialty in atmospheric science.  Although I was hoping to pursue a teaching career, I accepted a contractor position at Goddard Space Flight Center (again, part-time).  I continued as a 3/4 employee for about the next decade, transitioning to full-time when I became a civli servant, my oldest began college and my youngest (of five) started first grade.  Throughout this time my interest was modeling stratospheric ozone, progressing with the field from 1-D models to 2-D (latitude/altitude) and then 3-D (using specified meteorology), always keeping the modeling activity and results close to observations, often pursuing parallel analysis of observations and simulated output that was sampled in the same manner as the observations.I was fortunate to serve as a member of the project science team for the Upper Atmopshere Research Satellite (UARS) and then for Aura, and have been project scientist for Aura since 2009.  I am currently co-lead for one of the premier chemistry climate models, that couples a photochemical mechanism appropriate for climate applications in the stratosphere and troposphere with the state-of-the-art general circulation model that is developed in the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office.  At GSFC, we continue to expand the use of data-based diagnostics, specifically focusing on diagnostics that test the realism of the simulated response to perturbations in composition and climate, thereby reducing uncertainty in projections.  I began phased retirement (a half time position) in January 2017.

    Publications

    Refereed

    Liu, J., J. M. Rodriguez, S. D. Steenrod, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Logan, M. A. Olsen, K. Wargan, and J. R. Ziemke. 2017. "Causes of interannual variability over the southern hemispheric tropospheric ozone maximum." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17 (5): 3279-3299 [10.5194/acp-17-3279-2017]

    Ziemke, J. R., S. A. Strode, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Joiner, A. Vasilkov, L. D. Oman, J. Liu, S. E. Strahan, P. K. Bhartia, and D. P. Haffner. 2017. "A cloud-ozone data product from Aura OMI and MLS satellite measurements." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10 (11): 4067-4078 [10.5194/amt-10-4067-2017]

    Strode, S. A., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. M. Manyin, J. E. Nielsen, and L. D. Oman. 2017. "A Model and Satellite-Based Analysis of the Tropospheric Ozone Distribution in Clear Versus Convectively Cloudy Conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres [10.1002/2017jd027015]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Liu, J., J. M. Rodriguez, A. M. Thompson, et al. J. A. Logan, A. R. Douglass, M. A. Olsen, S. D. Steenrod, and F. Posny. 2016. "Origins of tropospheric ozone interannual variation over Réunion: A model investigation." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 121 (1): 521 - 537 [10.1002/ 2015JD023981]

    Dessler, A., H. Ye, T. Wang, et al. M. Schoeberl, L. Oman, A. Douglass, A. Butler, K. Rosenlof, S. Davis, and R. Portmann. 2016. "Transport of ice into the stratosphere and the humidification of the stratosphere over the 21st century." Geophysical Research Letters 43 (5): 2323-2329 [10.1002/2016gl067991]

    Li, F., Y. V. Vikhliaev, P. Newman, et al. S. Pawson, J. Perlwitz, D. W. Waugh, and A. R. Douglass. 2016. "Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System - Version 5 (GEOS-5)." Journal of Climate 29 (9): 3199–3218 [10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0572.1]

    Strode, S. A., H. M. Worden, M. Damon, et al. A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, L. K. Emmons, J.-F. Lamarque, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, J. M. Rodriguez, S. E. Strahan, and S. Tilmes. 2016. "Interpreting space-based trends in carbon monoxide with multiple models." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16 (11): 7285-7294 [10.5194/acp-16-7285-2016]

    Oman, L. D., A. R. Douglass, R. J. Salawitch, et al. T. P. Canty, J. R. Ziemke, and M. Manyin. 2016. "The effect of representing bromine from VSLS on the simulation and evolution of Antarctic ozone." Geophysical Research Letters 43 (18): 9869-9876 [10.1002/2016gl070471]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and S. D. Steenrod. 2016. "Chemical and dynamical impacts of stratospheric sudden warmings on Arctic ozone variability." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121 (19): 11,836-11,851 [10.1002/2016jd025128]

    Ziemke, J. R., A. R. Douglass, L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, and B. N. Duncan. 2015. "Tropospheric ozone variability in the tropics from ENSO to MJO and shorter timescales." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 (14): 8037-8049 [10.5194/acp-15-8037-2015]

    Wargan, K., S. Pawson, M. A. Olsen, et al. J. C. Witte, A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2015. "The Global Structure of Upper Troposphere-Lower Stratosphere Ozone in GEOS-5: A Multi-Year Assimilation of EOS Aura Data." J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos 120 2013-2036 [10.1002/2014JD022493]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, L. D. Oman, and D. W. Waugh. 2015. "Impact of future nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions on the stratospheric ozone layer." Environmental Research Letters 10 (3): 034011 [10.1088/1748-9326/10/3/034011]

    Strahan, S. E., L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, and L. Coy. 2015. "Modulation of Antarctic vortex composition by the quasi-biennial oscillation." Geophysical Research Letters 42 (10): 4216-4223 [10.1002/2015gl063759]

    Prather, M. J., J. Hsu, N. M. DeLuca, et al. C. H. Jackman, L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, E. L. Fleming, S. E. Strahan, S. D. Steenrod, O. A. Søvde, I. S. Isaksen, L. Froidevaux, and B. Funke. 2015. "Measuring and modeling the lifetime of nitrous oxide including its variability." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (11): 5693-5705 [10.1002/2015jd023267]

    Schoeberl, M. R., H. B. Selkirk, H. Vömel, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Sources of seasonal variability in tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere water vapor and ozone: Inferences from the Ticosonde data set at Costa Rica." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 120 (18): 9684-9701 [10.1002/2015jd023299]

    Strode, S. A., B. N. Duncan, E. A. Yegorova, et al. J. Kouatchou, J. R. Ziemke, and A. R. Douglass. 2015. "Implications of carbon monoxide bias for methane lifetime and atmospheric composition in chemistry climate models." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15 11789–11805 [10.5194/acp-15-11789-2015]

    Douglass, A. R., S. E. Strahan, L. D. Oman, and R. S. Stolarski. 2014. "Understanding differences in chemistry climate model projections of stratospheric ozone." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (8): 4922–4939 [10.1002/2013JD021159]

    Oman, L. D., and A. R. Douglass. 2014. "Improvements in total column ozone in GEOSCCM and comparisons with a new ozone-depleting substances scenario." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (9): 5613-5624 [10.1002/2014JD021590]

    Douglass, A. R., P. A. Newman, and S. Solomon. 2014. "The Antarctic Ozone Hole: an Update." Phys. Today 67 (7): 42-48 [10.1063/PT.3.2449]

    Stolarski, R. S., D. W. Waugh, L. Wang, et al. L. D. Oman, A. R. Douglass, and P. Newman. 2014. "Seasonal variation of ozone in the tropical lower stratosphere: Southern tropics are different from northern tropics." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 6196-6206 [10.1002/2013JD021294]

    Ziemke, J. R., M. A. Olsen, J. C. Witte, et al. A. R. Douglass, S. E. Strahan, K. Wargan, X. Liu, M. Schoeberl, K. Yang, T. Kaplan, S. Pawson, B. N. Duncan, P. Newman, P. K. Bhartia, and M. K. Heney. 2014. "Assessment and applications of NASA ozone data products derived from Aura OMI/MLS satellite measurements in context of the GMI chemical transport model." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (9): 5671-5699 [10.1002/2013JD020914]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, and S. E. Strahan. 2013. "The large-scale frozen-in anticyclone in the 2011 Arctic summer stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (6): 2656-2672 [10.1002/jgrd.50256]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2013. "The contributions of chemistry and transport to low arctic ozone in March 2011 derived from Aura MLS observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (3): 1563-1576 [10.1002/jgrd.50181]

    Oman, L. D., A. R. Douglass, J. R. Ziemke, et al. J. M. Rodriguez, D. W. Waugh, and J. E. Nielsen. 2013. "The ozone response to ENSO in aura satellite measurements and a chemistry-climate simulation." J. Geophys. Res. 118 965-976 [The ozone response to ENSO in aura satellite measu]

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, and T. B. Kaplan. 2013. "Variability of extratropical ozone stratosphere-troposphere exchange using microwave limb sounder observations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (2): 1090-1099 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2012JD018465]

    Aquila, V., L. D. Oman, R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. Newman. 2013. "The Response of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide to the Eruption of Mt. Pinatubo at Southern and Northern Midlatitudes." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 70 (3): 894-900 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0143.1]

    Li, F., D. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2012. "Seasonal variations of stratospheric age spectra in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D5): D05134 [10.1029/2011JD016877]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, G. E. Nedoulha, and L. Coy. 2012. "Tracer transport during the Arctic stratospheric final warming based on a 33-year (1979-2011) tracer equivalent latitude simulation." Geophys. Res. Lett. 39 (12): L12801 [10.1029/2012GL051930]

    Li, F., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and J. E. Nielsen. 2012. "Seasonal variations of stratospheric age spectra in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J. Geophys. Res 117 10.1029/2011JD016877

    Lang, C., D. W. Waugh, M. A. Olsen, et al. A. R. Douglass, Q. Liang, J. E. Nielsen, L. D. Oman, S. Pawson, and R. S. Stolarski. 2012. "The impact of greenhouse gases on past changes in tropospheric ozone." J Geophys Res 117 (D23): D23304 [10.1029/2012JD018293]

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and L. D. Oman. 2012. "Understanding differences in upper stratospheric ozone response to changes in chlorine and temperature as computed using CCMVal-2 models." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D16): D16306 [10.1029/2012JD017483]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, E. Remsberg, N. Livesey, and J. C. Gille. 2012. "Ozone temperature correlations in the upper stratosphere as a measure of chlorine content." J. Geophys. Res. 117 (D10): D10305 [10.1029/2012JD017456]

    Li, F., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. E. Strahan, J. Ma, J. E. Nielsen, Q. Liang, and P. Newman. 2012. "Long-term changes in stratospheric age spectra in the 21st century in the Goddard Earth Observing System Chemistry-Climate Model (GEOSCCM)." J Geophys Res 117 (D20): D20119 [10.1029/2012JD017905]

    Witte, J. C., A. R. Douglass, A. da Silva, et al. O. Torres, R. Levy, and B. N. Duncan. 2011. "NASA A-Train and Terra observations of the 2010 Russian wildfires." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (17): 9287-9301 [10.5194/acp-11-9287-2011]

    Oman, L. D., J. R. Ziemke, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. W. Waugh, C. Lang, J. M. Rodriguez, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "The response of tropical tropospheric ozone to ENSO." Geophysical Research Letters 38 (13): L13706 [10.1029/2011GL047865]

    Liang, Q., J. M. Rodriguez, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Crawford, E. Apel, H. Bian, D. Blake, W. Brune, M. Chin, P. R. Colarco, A. Silva, G. Diskin, B. N. Duncan, L. Huey, D. Knapp, D. Montzka, J. Nielsen, J. Olson, S. Pawson, D. Riemer, A. Weinheimer, and A. Wisthaler. 2011. "Reactive nitrogen, ozone and ozone production in the Arctic troposphere and the impact of stratosphere-troposphere exchange." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (24): 13181-13199 [10.5194/acp-11-13181-2011]

    Fleming, E. L., C. H. Jackman, R. S. Stolarski, and A. R. Douglass. 2011. "A model study of the impact of source gas changes on the stratosphere for 1850–2100." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (16): 8515-8541 [10.5194/acp-11-8515-2011]

    Witte, J. C., B. N. Duncan, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. Kurosu, K. Chance, and C. Retscher. 2011. "The unique OMI HCHO/NO2 feature during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: Implications for ozone production sensitivity." Atmospheric Environment 45 (18): 3103-3111 [10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.015]

    Allen, D. R., A. R. Douglass, G. L. Manney, et al. S. E. Strahan, J. C. Krosschell, J. V. Trueblood, J. E. Nielsen, S. Pawson, and Z. Zhu. 2011. "Modeling the Frozen-In Anticyclone in the 2005 Arctic Summer Stratosphere." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11 4557-4576 [10.5194/acp-11-4557-2011]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 2011. "Using transport diagnostics to understand chemistry climate model ozone simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 116 (D17): [10.1029/2010JD015360]

    Oman, L. D., D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2010. "Mechanisms and feedback causing changes in upper stratospheric ozone in the 21st century." J. Geophys. Res 115

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, M. R. Schoeberl, J. M. Rodriguez, and Y. Yoshida. 2010. "Interannual variability of ozone in the winter lower stratosphere and the relationship to lamina and irreversible transport." J. Geophys. Res. 115 (D15): D15305 [10.1029/2009JD013004]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, S. Pawson, and M. Schoeberl. 2010. "Relative Contribution of Greenhouse Gases and Ozone-Depleting Substances to Temperature Trends in the Stratosphere: A Chemistry–Climate Model Study." Journal of Climate 23 (1): 28-42 [10.1175/2009JCLI2955.1]

    Liang, Q., R. S. Stolarski, S. Kawa, et al. J. Nielsen, A. R. Douglass, J. M. Rodriguez, D. Blake, E. Atlas, and L. Ott. 2010. "Finding the missing stratospheric Bry: a global modeling study of CHBr₃ and CH₂Br₂." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (5): 2269-2286 [10.5194/acp-10-2269-2010]

    Oman, L. D., D. Plummer, D. Waugh, et al. J. Austin, J. Scinocca, A. R. Douglass, R. Salawitch, T. Canty, H. Akiyoshi, S. Bekki, P. Braesicke, N. Butchart, M. Chippenfield, D. Cugnet, S. Dhomse, V. Eyring, S. Frith, S. Hardiman, D. Kinnison, J. Lamarque, E. Mancini, M. Marchand, M. Michou, O. Morgenstern, T. Nakamura, J. Nielsen, D. Olivie, G. Pitari, J. Pyle, E. Rozanov, T. Shepherd, K. Shibata, R. S. Stolarski, H. Teyssedre, W. Tian, Y. Yamashita, and J. R. Ziemke. 2010. "Multimodel assessment of the factors driving stratospheric ozone evolution over the 21st century." J Geophys Res 115 (D24): D24306 [10.1029/2010JD014362]

    Cagnazzo, C., E. Manzini, N. Calvo, A. R. Douglass, and H. Akiyoshi. 2009. "Northern winter stratospheric temperature and ozone responses to ENSO inferred from an ensemble of Chemistry Climate Models ." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9 8935-8948

    Waugh, D. W., L. Oman, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, S. Pawson, A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, and J. E. Nielsen. 2009. "Impacts of climate change on stratospheric ozone recovery." Geophysical Research Letters 36 (3): L03805 [10.1029/2008GL036223]

    Newman, P., L. Oman, A. R. Douglass, et al. E. L. Fleming, S. M. Frith, M. M. Hurwitz, S. R. Kawa, C. H. Jackman, N. A. Krotkov, E. R. Nash, J. E. Nielsen, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, and G. J. Velders. 2009. "What would have happened to the ozone layer if chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) had not been regulated?" Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (6): 2113-2128 [10.5194/acp-9-2113-2009]

    Liang, Q., A. R. Douglass, B. N. Duncan, R. S. Stolarski, and J. C. Witte. 2009. "The governing processes and timescales of stratosphere-to-troposphere transport and its contribution to ozone in the Arctic troposphere." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (9): 3011-3025 [10.5194/acp-9-3011-2009]

    Kawa, S. R., R. S. Stolarski, P. Newman, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. Rex, D. Hofmann, M. Santee, and K. Frieler. 2009. "Sensitivity of polar stratospheric ozone loss to uncertainties in chemical reaction kinetics." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9 (22): 8651-8660 [10.5194/acp-9-8651-2009]

    Witte, J., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, et al. J. Gleason, N. A. Krotkov, J. Gille, K. E. Pickering, and N. Livesey. 2009. "Satellite observations of changes in air quality during the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Paralympics." Geophys Res Lett 36 (17): L17803 [10.1029/2009GL039236]

    Duncan, B., Y. Yoshida, M. Damon, A. Douglass, and J. Witte. 2009. "Temperature dependence of factors controlling isoprene emissions." Geophysical Research Letters 36 (5): L05813 [10.1029/2008GL037090]

    Kawa, S. R., R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. Rex, D. J. Hofmann, M. L. Santee, and K. Frieler. 2009. "Sensitivity of polar stratospheric ozone loss to uncertainties in chemical reaction kinetics." Atmos. Chem. Phys 9 8651-8660 [10.5194/acp-9-8651-2009]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, et al. L. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, N. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, W. Read, M. Filipiak, and H. Pumphrey. 2008. "QBO and annual cycle variations in tropical lower stratosphere trace gases from HALOE and Aura MLS observations." J. Geophys. Res 113

    Liang, Q., R. Stolarski, A. Douglass, P. Newman, and J. Nielsen. 2008. "Evaluation of emissions and transport of CFCs using surface observations and their seasonal cycles and the GEOS CCM simulation with emissions-based forcing." J. Geophys. Res 113

    Douglass, A., R. Stolarski, C. Jackman, et al. M. Gupta, P. Newman, J. Nielsen, and E. Fleming. 2008. "Relationship of loss, mean age of air and the distribution of CFCs to stratospheric circulation and implications for atmospheric lifetimes." J. Geophys. Res 113

    Pawson, S., R. Stolarski, A. Douglass, et al. P. Newman, J. Nielsen, S. Frith, and M. Gupta. 2008. "Goddard Earth Observing System chemistry-climate model simulations of stratospheric ozone-temperature coupling between 1950 and 2005." J. Geophys. Res 113

    Witte, J., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, and A. Thompson. 2008. "The Quasi-biennial Oscillation and annual variations in tropical ozone from SHADOZ and HALOE." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8 (14): 3929-3936 [10.5194/acp-8-3929-2008]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, and J. Joiner. 2008. "Introduction to special section on Aura Validation." J Geophys Res 113 (D15S01, doi:101029/):

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, P. A. Newman, et al. L. R. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, and N. Livesey. 2008. "QBO and annual cycle variations in tropical lower stratosphere trace gases from HALOE and Aura MLS observations." J Geophy Res 113 (D5, D05301, 101029/):

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, M. R. Schoeberl, et al. C. H. Jackman, P. Gupta, P. Newman, E. L. Fleming, J. E. Nielsen, and E. L. Fleming. 2008. "Relationship of loss, mean age of air and the distribution of CFCs to stratospheric circulation and implications for atmospheric lifetimes." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D14): D14309 [10.1029/2007JD009575]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and W. Read. 2008. "Comparison of lower stratospheric tropical mean vertical velocities." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D24): D24109 [10.1029/2008JD010221]

    Liang, Q., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, and J. E. Nielsen. 2008. "Evaluation of emissions and transport of CFCs using surface observations and their seasonal cycles and the GEOS CCM simulation with emissions-based forcing." J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D14): D14302 [10.1029/2007JD009617]

    Pawson, S., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, J. E. Nielsen, S. M. Frith, and M. L. Gupta. 2008. "Goddard Earth Observing System chemistry-climate model simulations of stratospheric ozone temperature coupling between 1950 and 2005." J Geophy Res Atmos 113 (D12, D12103, doi:10):

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, P. Newman, et al. J. C. Gille, B. Nardi, V. A. Yudin, D. E. Kinnison, and R. Khosravi. 2008. "HIRDLS observations and simulation of a lower stratospheric intrusion of tropical air to high latitudes." Geophysical Research Letters 35 (21): L21813 [10.1029/2008GL035514]

    Terao, Y., J. Logan, A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 2008. "Contribution of stratospheric ozone to the interannual variability of tropospheric ozone in the northern extratropics." J Geophy Res 113 (D18309): [10.1029/2008JD009854]

    Lary, D., D. Waugh, A. Douglass, et al. R. Stolarski, P. Newman, and H. Mussa. 2007. "Variations in stratospheric inorganic chlorine between 1991 and 2006." GeopHy Res Lett 34 L21811

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, S. Steenrod, and S. Pawson. 2006. "Trends in Stratospheric Ozone: Lessons Learned from a 3D Chemical Transport Model." J. Atmos. Sci. 63 (3): 1028-1041 [10.1175/JAS3650.1]

    Schoeberl, M. R., B. N. Duncan, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, and M. Filipiak. 2006. "The Carbon Monoxide Tape Recorder ." Journal of Geophysical Research 33

    Schoeberl, M. R., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. J. McGee, E. V. Browell, J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, M. L. Santee, H. C. Pumphrey, L. R. Lait, and L. Twigg. 2006. "Chemical observations of a polar vortex intrusion." J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D20): D20306 [10.1029/2006JD007134]

    Schoeberl, M., A. Douglass, E. Hilsenrath, et al. P. K. Bhartia, R. Beer, J. Waters, M. Gunson, L. Froidevaux, J. Gille, J. Barnett, P. Levelt, and P. DeCola. 2006. "Overview of the EOS Aura Mission." IEEE Trans on Geosc And Remote Sensing 44 (5): IGRSD2 1066-1074

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, and M. Schoeberl. 2006. "On detecting a trend in the residual circulation from observations of column HCl." Geophysical Research Letters 33 (14): L14815 [10.1029/2006GL026214]

    Douglass, A., B. Polansky, S. Strahan, and R. Stolarski. 2006. "Sensitivity of Arctic ozone loss to polar stratospheric cloud volume and chlorine and bromine loading in a chemistry and transport model." Geophys Res Lett 33 L17809

    Stolarski, R., A. Douglass, S. Steenrod, and S. Pawson. 2006. "Trends in stratospheric ozone: Lessons learned from a 3-D chemical transport model." J Atmos Sc 63 1028-1041

    Schoeberl, M., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. T. J. Mcgee, E. V. Browell, J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, M. L. Santee, H. C. Pumphrey, L. R. Lait, and L. Twigg. 2006. "Chemical observations of a polar vortex intrusion." J Geophys Res 111 D20306 [10.1029/2006JD007134]

    Stolarski, R. S., A. R. Douglass, M. Gupta, et al. P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, M. Schoeberl, and J. Nielsen. 2006. "An ozone increase in the Antarctic summer stratosphere: A dynamical response to the ozone hole." Geophys Res Lett 33 L21805 [10.1029/2006GL026820 ]

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, B. Polansky, et al. C. Boone, K. A. Walker, and P. Bernath. 2005. "Estimation of Stratospheric Age Spectrum from Chemical Tracers." Journal of Geophysical Research 110

    Ma, J., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. R. Kawa, P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, and S. J. Lin. 2004. "Interannual variability of stratospheric trace gases: The role of extratropical wave driving." Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 130 (602): 2459-2474 [10.1256/qj.04.28]

    Gupta, M., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, and S. Pawson. 2004. "Use of radon for evaluation of atmospheric transport models: sensitivity to emissions." Tellus B 56 (5): 404-412 [10.1111/j.1600-0889.2004.00124.x]

    Strahan, S. E., and A. R. Douglass. 2004. "Evaluating the credibility of transport processes in simulations of ozone recovery using the Global Modeling Initiative three-dimensional model." J. Geophys. Res. 109 (D5): D05110 [10.1029/2003JD004238]

    Douglass, A. R., R. S. Stolarski, S. E. Strahan, and P. Connell. 2004. "Radicals and reservoirs in the GMI chemistry and transport model: Comparison to measurements." J. Geophys. Res. 109 (D16): [10.1029/2004JD004632]

    Olsen, M. A., M. R. Schoeberl, and A. R. Douglass. 2004. "Stratosphere-troposphere exchange of mass and air." Journal of Geophysical Research 109

    Gupta, M. L., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, and S. Pawson. 2004. "Use of radon for evaluation of atmospheric transport models: sensitivity to emissions." Tellus Ser B - Chem and Phys. Meteor 56 404-412

    Ma, J., D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, et al. S. R. Kawa, P. A. Newman, S. Pawson, R. S. Stolarski, S. J. Lin, and Q. J. Roy. 2004. "Interannual variability of stratospheric trace gases: The role of extratropical wave driving." Met. Soc 130 2459-2474

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, S. Pawson, and Z. Zhu. 2003. "A comparison of the lower stratospheric age spectra derived from a general circulation model and two data assimilation systems." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D3): 4113 [10.1029/2002JD002652]

    Ma, J., D. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, and S. R. Kawa. 2003. "Evaluation of the transport in the Goddard Space Flight Center three-dimensional chemical transport model using the equivalent length diagnostic." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D6): [10.1029/2002JD002268]

    Douglass, A. R., M. R. Schoeberl, R. B. Rood, and S. Pawson. 2003. "Evaluation of transport in the lower tropical stratosphere in a global chemistry and transport model." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D9): 4259 [10.1029/2002JD002696]

    Olsen, M. A., A. R. Douglass, and M. A. Schoeberl. 2003. "A comparison of northern and southern hemisphere cross-tropopause ozone flux." Geophys. Res. Lett. 30 (7): 1412 [10.1029/2002GL016538]

    Considine, D. B., S. R. Kawa, M. R. Schoeberl, and A. R. Douglass. 2003. "N2O and NOy observations in the 1999/2000 Arctic polar vortex: Implications for transport processes in a CTM." J. Geophys. Res. 108 (D5): 4170 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/2002JD002525]

    Jackman, C. H., and A. R. Douglass. 2003. "Overview of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite: Observations from 1991 to 2002." Adv. Sp. Res. 31 2101-2104

    Rosenfield, J. E., A. R. Douglass, and D. B. Considine. 2002. "The impact of increasing carbon dioxide on ozone recovery." J. Geophys. Res. 107 4049

    Kawa, S. R., R. Bevilacqua, J. J. Margitan, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. R. Schoeberl, K. Hoppel, and B. Sen. 2002. "Interaction between dynamics and chemistry of ozone in the setup phase of the Northern Hemisphere polar vortex." J. Geophys. Res. 107 (D5): 8310 [10.1029/2001JD001527]

    Kinnison, D. E., P. S. Connell, J. M. Rodriguez, et al. D. A. Rotman, D. B. Considine, J. Tannahill, R. Ramaroson, P. J. Rasch, A. R. Douglass, S. L. Baughcum, L. Coy, D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, and M. J. Prather. 2001. "The Global Modeling Initiative assessment model: Application to high-speed civil transport perturbation." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D2): 1693-1711 [10.1029/2000jd900406]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, L. C. Sparling, and J. E. Nielsen. 2000. "Seasonal Variability of Middle-Latitude Ozone in the Lowermost Stratosphere Derived from Probability Distribution Functions,." J. Geophys. Res. 105 17 [Full Text (Link)] [793-17]

    Gettelman, A., J. R. Holton, and A. R. Douglass. 2000. "Simulations of Water Vapor in the Lower Stratosphere and Upper Troposphere,." J. Geophys. Res. 106 9003-9023.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 2000. "Lamination Frequencies as a Diagnostic for Horizontal Mixing in a 3D Transport Model,." J. Atmos. Sci. 57 247-261.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, P. S. Connell, D. E. Kinnison, and D. A. Rotman. 2000. "A Polar Stratospheric Cloud Parameterization for the Global Modeling Initiative Three-Dimensional Model and its Response to Stratospheric Aircraft,." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D33): 3955-3973 [10.1029/1999JD900932]

    Allen, D. R., J. L. Stanford, M. A. Lopez-Valverde, et al. N. Nakamura, D. J. Lary, A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, J. J. Remedios, and F. W. Taylor. 1999. "Observations of Middle Atmosphere CO from the UARS ISAMS During the Early Northern Winter 1991/1992,." J. Atmos. Sci. 56 563-583.

    Douglass, A. R., M. J. Prather, T. M. Hall, et al. S. E. Strahan, P. J. Rasch, L. C. Sparling, L. Coy, and J. M. Rodriguez. 1999. "Choosing meteorological input for the global modeling initiative assessment of high-speed aircraft." J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D22): 27545-27564 [10.1029/1999JD900827]

    Douglass, A. R., and S. R. Kawa. 1999. "Contrast Between 1992 and 1997 High Latitude Spring Halogen Occultation Experiment Observations of Lower Stratospheric HCl." J. Geophys. Res. 104 (D15): 18739-18754 [10.1029/1999JD900281]

    Siang, Y., Y. L. Yung, A. R. Douglass, and K. K. Tung. 1998. "The Standard Deviation of Column Ozone from the Zonal Mean,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 25 911-914.

    Sparling, L. C., A. R. Douglass, and M. R. Schoeberl. 1998. "An Estimate of the Effect of Unresolved Structure on Modeled Ozone Loss from Aircraft Observations of ClO." Geophys. Res. Lett. 25 (3): 305-308 [10.1029/97GL53696]

    Strahan, S. E., A. R. Douglass, J. E. Nielsen, and K. A. Boering. 1998. "The CO2 Seasonal Cycle as a Trace of Transport,." J. Geophys. Res. 103 729-741.

    Morris, G. A., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, L. Froidevaux, and J. Waters. 1998. "Low-Ozone Pockets Explained,." J. Geophys. Res. 103 3599-3610.

    Dessler, A. E., M. D. Burrage, J.-U. Grooss, et al. J. R. Holton, J. L. Lean, S. T. Massie, M. R. Schoeberl, A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1998. "Selected Science Highlights from the First 5 Years of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) Program." Rev. Geophys. 36 183-210

    Danilin, M. Y., D. W. Fahey, U. Schumann, et al. M. J. Prather, J. E. Penner, M. K. Ko, D. K. Weisenstein, C. H. Jackman, G. Pitari, I. Kohler, R. Sausen, C. J. Weaver, A. R. Douglass, P. S. Connell, D. E. Kinnison, F. J. Dentener, E. L. Fleming, T. K. Berntsen, I. S. Isaksen, J. M. Haywood, and B. Karcher. 1998. "Aviation Fuel Tracer Simulation: Model Intercomparison and Implications." Geophys. Res. Lett. 25 (21): 3947-3950 [10.1029/1998GL900058]

    Rosenfield, J. E., and A. R. Douglass. 1998. "Doubled CO2 Effects on NOy in a Coupled 2D Model." Geophys. Res. Lett. 25 (23): 4381-4384 [10.1029/1998GL900147]

    Yudin, V. A., M. A. Geller, B. V. Khattatov, et al. A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, J. W. Waters, L. S. Elson, A. E. Roche, and J. E. Russell III. 1997. "The Early Stages of Lower Stratospheric Polar Processing in Northern and Southern Winters: Model Results and UARS Observations,." J. Geophys. Res. 102 19 [Full Text (Link)] [137-19]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, S. R. Kawa, and D. J. Allen. 1997. "A 3D Simulation of the Evolution of the Middle Latitude Winter Ozone in the Middle Stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D15): 19,217-19,232 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/97JD01043]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, M. C. Cerniglia, and W. G. Read. 1997. "Synoptic-Scale Mass Exchange from the Troposphere to the Stratosphere,." J. Geophys. Res. 102 23 [Full Text (Link)] [467-23]

    Kumer, J. B., S. R. Kawa, A. E. Roche, et al. J. L. Merganthaler, S. E. Smith, F. W. Taylor, P. S. Connell, and A. R. Douglass. 1997. "UARS First Global N2O5 Data Sets: Application to a Stratospheric Warming Event in January 1992,." J. Geophys. Res. 102 3575-3582.

    Dessler, A. E., D. B. Considine, S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, and J. M. Russell. 1997. "Lower Stratospheric Chlorine Partitioning During the Decay of the Mt. Pinatubo Aerosol Cloud,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 24 1623-1626.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and D. B. Considine. 1996. "A 5-Year Simulation of Supersonic Aircraft Emission Transport Using a Three-Dimensional Model." J. Geophys. Res. 101 (D15): 20,975-20,984 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/96JD01700]

    Kondo, Y., S. R. Kawa, D. Lary, et al. T. Sugita, A. R. Douglass, E. Lutman, M. Koike, and T. Deshler. 1996. "Interpretation of Nitric Oxide Profile Observed in January 1992 over Kiruna,." J. Geophys. Res. 101 12 [Full Text (Link)] [555-12]

    Douglass, A. R., C. J. Weaver, R. B. Rood, and L. Coy. 1996. "A Three-Dimensional Simulation of the Ozone Annual Cycle Using Winds from a Data Assimilation System." J. Geophys. Res. 101 (D1): 1463-1474 [10.1029/95JD02601]

    Dessler, A. E., S. R. Kawa, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. B. Considine, J. B. Kumer, A. E. Roche, J. W. Waters, J. M. Russell III, and J. C. Gille. 1996. "A Test of the Partitioning Between ClO and ClONO2 Based on Simultaneous UARS Measurements of ClO, NO2, and ClONO2." J. Geophys. Res. 101 (D7): 12515-12521 [10.1029/96JD00695]

    Schoeberl, M., A. R. Douglass, S. R. Kawa, et al. A. Dessler, P. A. Newman, R. S. Stolarski, A. Roche, J. Waters, and J. Russell III. 1996. "Development of the Antarctic Ozone Hole." J. Geophys. Res 101 (D15): 20909–20924 [10.1029/96JD01707]

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1995. "Tracer Transport for Realistic Aircraft Emission Scenarios Calculated Using a Three-Dimensional Model,." J. Geophys. Res. 100 5203-5214.

    Cerniglia, M., R. B. Rood, and A. R. Douglass. 1995. "Three-dimensional simulation of the influence of a cutoff low on the distribution of northern hemisphere processed air in late January 1992." J. Geophys. Res. 100 (D8): 16,431-16,443 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/95JD00689]

    Holton, J. R., P. H. Haynes, A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, and L. Pfister. 1995. "Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange,." Rev. Geophys. 33 403-439.

    Douglass, A. R., M. R. Schoeberl, R. S. Stolarski, et al. J. W. Waters, J. M. Russell III, A. E. Roche, and S. T. Massie. 1995. "Interhemispheric Differences in Springtime Production of HCl and ClONO2 in the Polar Vortices,." J. Geophys. Res. 100 13 [Full Text (Link)] [967-13]

    Geller, M. A., V. Yudin, A. R. Douglass, et al. J. W. Waters, L. S. Elson, A. E. Roche, and J. M. Russell III. 1995. "UARS PSC, ClONO2, and ClO Measurements in Early Winter: Additional Verification of the Paradigm for Chlorine Activation,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 22 2937-2940.

    Kawa, S. R., J. B. Kumer, A. R. Douglass, et al. A. E. Roche, S. E. Smith, F. W. Taylor, and D. J. Allen. 1995. "Missing Chemistry of Reactive Nitrogen in the Upper Stratospheric Polar Winter,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 22 2629-2632.

    Sparling, L., M. Schoeberl, A. Douglass, et al. C. Weaver, P. Newman, and L. Lait. 1995. "Trajectory Modelling of Emissions from Lower Stratospheric Aircraft." J. Geophys. Res. 100 1427-1438

    Fleming, E. L., S. Chandra, C. H. Jackman, D. B. Considine, and A. R. Douglass. 1995. "The Middle Atmosphere Response to Short and Long Term Solar UV Variations: Analysis of Observations and 2D Model Results." J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 57 333-365

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1995. "Sensitivity of 2D Model Predictions of Ozone Response to Stratospheric Aircraft." J. Geophys. Res. 100 3075-3090

    Jackman, C. H., M. C. Cerniglia, J. E. Nielsen, et al. D. J. Allen, J. M. Zawodny, R. D. Mc Peters, A. R. Douglass, J. E. Rosenfield, and R. B. Rood. 1995. "Two-dimensional and three-dimensional model simulations, measurements, and interpretation of the influence of the October 1989 solar proton events on the middle atmosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 100 (D6): 11641-11660 [10.1029/95JD00369]

    Nielsen, J. E., R. B. Rood, A. R. Douglass, et al. M. C. Cerniglia, D. J. Allen, and J. E. Rosenfield. 1994. "Tracer Evolution in Winds Generated by a Global Spectral Mechanistic Model,." J. Geophys. Res. 99 5399-5420.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. H. Jackman. 1994. "Effects of a Polar Stratospheric Cloud Parameterization on Ozone Depletion due to Stratospheric Aircraft in a 2D Model." J. Geophys. Res. 99 (D9): 18879-18894 [10.1029/94JD01026 ]

    Geller, M., Y. Chi, R. B. Rood, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. J. Allen. 1993. "Satellite Observations and Mapping of Wintertime Ozone Variability in the Lower Stratosphere,." J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 55 1081-1088.

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, C. J. Weaver, M. Cerniglia, and K. Brueske. 1993. "Implications of 3D Tracer Studies on 2D Assessments of the Impact of Supersonic Aircraft on Stratospheric Ozone,." J. Geophys. Res. 98 8949-8963.

    Weaver, C. J., A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1993. "Thermodynamic Balance of Three Dimensional Stratospheric Winds Derived from a Data Assimilation Procedure,." J. Atmos. Sci. 50 2987-2993.

    Schoeberl, M. R., R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, et al. P. A. Newman, L. R. Lait, J. W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, and W. G. Ready. 1993. "MLS ClO Observations and Arctic Polar Vortex Temperatures." Geophys. Res. Lett 20 2861-2864

    Kawa, S. R., D. W. Fahey, J. C. Wilson, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, E. L. Woodbridge, H. Jonsson, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, M. H. Proffitt, D. W. Toohey, D. E. Anderson, M. Loewenstein, K. R. Chan, C. R. Webster, R. May, and K. K. Kelly. 1993. "Interpretation of NOx/NOy Observations from AASE-II Using a Model of Chemistry Along Trajectories." Geophys. Res. Lett 20 2507-2510

    Schoeberl, M. R., A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, et al. P. A. Newman, L. R. Lait, D. Toohey, L. Avallone, J. G. Anderson, W. Brune, D. W. Fahey, and K. Kelly. 1993. "The Evolution of ClO and NO along Air Parcel Trajectories." Geophys. Res. Lett 20 2511-2514

    Jackman, C. H., J. E. Nielsen, D. J. Allen, et al. M. C. Cerniglia, R. D. McPeters, A. R. Douglass, and R. B. Rood. 1993. "The Effects of the October 1989 Solar Proton Events on the Stratosphere as Computed Using a Three-Dimensional Model." Geophys. Res. Lett. 20 459-462

    Chandra, S., C. H. Jackman, A. R. Douglass, E. L. Fleming, and D. B. Considine. 1993. "Chlorine Catalyzed Destruction of Ozone: Implications for Ozone Variability in the Upper Stratosphere." Geophys. Res. Lett. 20 (5): 351-354 [10.1029/93GL00212]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, J. Waters, et al. L. Froidevaux, W. Read, L. Elson, M. Geller, Y. Chi, M. Cerniglia, and S. Steenrod. 1993. "A 3D Simulation of the Early Winter Distribution of Reactive Chlorine in the North Polar Vortex." Geophys. Res. Lett. 20 (12): 1271-1274 [10.1029/93GL01586]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. B. Considine. 1993. "Characteristics of wintertime and autumn nitric acid chemistry as defined by Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere (LIMS) data." J. Geophys. Res. 98 (D10): 18533-18545 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1029/93JD01419]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, and C. J. Weaver. 1992. "Tracer Exchange Between the Tropics and Middle Latitudes,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 19 805-808.

    Considine, D. B., A. R. Douglass, and R. S. Stolarski. 1992. "Heterogeneous Conversion of N2O5 to HNO3 on Background Stratospheric Aerosols: Comparisons of Model Results with Data,." Geophys. Res. Lett. 19 397-400.

    Rood, R. B., J. E. Nielsen, R. S. Stolarski, et al. A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, and D. J. Allen. 1992. "Episodic Total Ozone Minima and Associated Effects on Heterogeneous Chemistry and Lower Stratospheric Transport." J. Geophys. Res. 97 (D8): 7979-7996 [10.1029/91JD02683]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, J. A. Kaye, et al. R. S. Stolarski, D. J. Allen, and E. M. Larson. 1991. "The influlence of polar heterogeneous processes on reactive chlorine at middle latitudes: Three dimensional model implications." Geophysical Research Letters 18 (1): 25-28 [10.1029/90GL02601]

    Rood, R. B., A. R. Douglass, J. A. Kaye, et al. M. A. Geller, C. Yuechen, D. J. Allen, E. M. Larson, E. R. Nash, and J. E. Nielsen. 1991. "Three-dimensional simulations of wintertime ozone variability in the lower stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 96 (D3): 5055 [10.1029/90JD02537]

    Allen, D. J., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, and P. D. Guthrie. 1991. "Application of a Monotonic Upstream-biased Transport Scheme to Three-Dimensional Constituent Transport Calculations." Monthly Weather Review 119 (10): 2456-2464 [10.1175/1520-0493(1991)119<2456:AOAMUB>2.0.CO;2]

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, et al. R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, D. J. Allen, and E. M. Larson. 1991. "Spatial and Temporal Variability of the Extent of Chemically Processed Stratospheric Air." Geophys. Res. Lett 18 29-32

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, K. F. Brueske, and S. A. Klein. 1991. "The Influence of Dynamics on Two-Dimensional Model Results: Simulations of 14C and Stratospheric Aircraft NOx Injections." J. Geophys. Res. 96 22559-22572

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, C. H. Jackman, et al. R. S. Stolarski, R. Zander, and G. Roland. 1991. "Two-Dimensional Model Calculation of Fluorine-Containing Reservoir Species in the Stratosphere." J. Geophys. Res. 96 12865-12881

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, S. Chandra, et al. R. S. Stolarski, J. E. Rosenfield, J. A. Kaye, and E. R. Nash. 1991. "Impact of Interannual Variability (1979-86) of Transport and Temperature on Ozone as Computed Using a Two-Dimensional Photochemical Model." J. Geophys. Res. 96 5073-5079

    Rood, R. B., J. A. Kaye, A. R. Douglass, et al. D. J. Allen, S. Steenrod, and E. Larson. 1990. "Wintertime Nitric Acid Chemistry: Implications from Three Dimensional Model Calculations." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 47 (22): 2696-2709 [0.1175/1520-0469(1990)047]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, R. S. Stolarski, et al. M. R. Schoeberl, M. H. Proffitt, J. J. Margitan, M. Lowenstein, J. R. Podolski, and S. E. Strahan. 1990. "Global three-dimensional constituent fields derived from profile data." Geophysical Research Letters 17 (4): 525-528 [10.1029/GL017i004p00525]

    Kaye, J. A., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, et al. R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman, D. J. Allen, E. M. Larson, M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, and G. C. Toon. 1990. "Three Dimensional Simulation of Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen Fluoride during the Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition." Geophys. Res. Lett 17 529-532

    Prather, M. J., M. M. Garcia, A. R. Douglass, et al. C. H. Jackman, M. K. Ko, and N. D. Sze. 1990. "The Impact of the Space Shuttle on Stratospheric Chemistry and Ozone." J. Geophys. Res. 95 18583-18590

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood, R. D. McPeters, and P. E. Meade. 1990. "Effect of Solar Proton Events on the Middle Atmosphere During the Past Two Solar Cycles as Computed Using a Two-dimensional Model." J. Geophys. Res. 95 (D6): 7417-7428 [10.1029/JD095iD06p07417]

    Douglass, A. R., and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "Impact of heterogeneous reactions on stratospheric chemistry of the Arctic." Geophysical Research Letters 16 (2): 131-134 [10.1029/GL016i002p00131]

    Jackman, C. H., A. R. Douglass, P. D. Guthrie, and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "The Sensitivity of Total Ozone in a Two-dimensional Model Due to Dynamical Inputs." J. Geophys. Res. 94 9873-9887

    Douglass, A. R., C. H. Jackman, and R. S. Stolarski. 1989. "Comparison of Model Results Transporting the Odd Nitrogen Family with Results Transporting Separate Odd Nitrogen Species." J. Geophys. Res. 94 (D7): 9862-9872 [10.1029/JD094iD07p09862]

    Hood, L. L., and A. R. Douglass. 1988. "Stratospheric Responses to Solar Ultraviolet Variations: Comparison with Photochemical Theory,." J. Geophys. Res. 93 3905-3911.

    Douglass, A. R., and R. S. Stolarski. 1987. "The Use of Atmospheric Measurements to Constrain Model Predictions of Ozone Change from Chlorine Perturbations,." J. Geophys. Res. 92 6662.

    Stolarski, R. S., and A. R. Douglass. 1986. "Sensitivity of an Atmospheric Photochemistry Model to Chlorine Perturbations Including Consideration of Uncertainty Propagation,." J. Geophys. Res. 91 7853.

    Douglass, A. R., and R. B. Rood. 1986. "Derivation of Photochemical Information near 1 mb from Ozone and Temperature Data." J. Geophys. Res. 91 (D12): 13153–13166 [10.1029/JD091iD12p13153]

    Douglass, A. R., R. B. Rood, and R. S. Stolarski. 1985. "Interpretation of Ozone Temperature Correlations: 2. Analysis of SBUV Ozone Data,." J. Geophys. Res. 90 10 [Full Text (Link)] [693-10]

    Rood, R. B., and A. R. Douglass. 1985. "Interpretation of Ozone Temperature Correlations: 1. Theory,." J. Geophys. Res. 90 5733-5743.

    Stolarski, R. S., and A. R. Douglass. 1985. "Parameterization of the Photochemistry of Stratospheric Ozone Including Catalytic Loss Processes,." J. Geophys. Res. 90 10 [Full Text (Link)] [709-10]

    Frederick, J. E., G. N. Serafino, and A. R. Douglass. 1984. "An Analysis of the Annual Cycle in Upper Stratospheric Ozone." J. Geophys. Res. 89 (D6): 9547-9555 [10.1029/JD089iD06p09547]

    Frederick, J. E., F. T. Huang, A. R. Douglass, and C. J. Reber. 1983. "The Distribution and Annual Cycle of Ozone in the Upper Stratosphere,." J. Geophys. Res. 88 3819.

    Horvath, J. J., J. E. Frederick, N. Orsini, and A. R. Douglass. 1983. "Nitric Oxide in the Upper Stratosphere: Measurements and Geophysical Interpretation,." J. Geophys. Res. 88 10 [809]

    Frederick, J. E., and A. R. Douglass. 1983. "Atmospheric Temperatures near the Tropical Tropopause: Temporal Variations, Zonal Asymmetry and Implications for Stratospheric Water Vapor." Mon. Wea. Rev. 111 (7): 1397-1403 [10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<1397:ATNTTT>2.0.CO;2]

    Douglass, A. R., and J. L. Stanford. 1982. "A Model of the Antarctic Sink for Stratospheric Water Vapor." J. Geophys. Res. 87 (C7): 5001–5008 [10.1029/JC087iC07p05001]

    Douglass, A. R., and J. L. Stanford. 1980. "The Relationship between the Gradient of Satellite-Derived Radiance and Upper Tropospheric/Lower Stratospheric Winds,." J. Appl. Meteor. 19 113.

    Douglass, A. R., D. E. Venne, and J. L. Stanford. 1978. "Comment [on “Atmospheric HT and HTO, 3, Vertical transport of water in the stratosphere” by A. S. Mason. and H. G. Östlung]." J. Geophys. Res. 83 (C8): 4127-4128 [10.1029/JC083iC08p04127]

    Non-Refereed

    Oman, L. D., D. W. Waugh, S. R. Kawa, et al. R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, and P. A. Newman. 2010. "Mechanisms and feedback causing changes in upper stratospheric ozone in the 21st century." J. Geophys. Res. 115 (D5): D05303 [10.1029/2009JD012397]

    Newman, P. A., E. R. Nash, A. R. Douglass, J. E. Nielsen, and R. S. Stolarski. 2009. "Estimating When the Antarctic Ozone Hole will Recover." Twenty Years of Ozone Decline: Proceedings of the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol IV 191-200 [10.1007/978-90-481-2469-5_14]

    Ravishankara, A. R., M. J. Kurylo, R. Bevilacqua, et al. J. Cohen, J. S. Daniel, A. R. Douglass, D. W. Fahey, J. R. Herman, T. Keating, M. Ko, S. A. Montzka, P. Newman, V. Ramaswamy, A.-M. Schmoltner, R. S. Stolarski, and K. Vick. 2008. "Executive Summary in Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure." A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research 15-22

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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