Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Mark A Chandler


Mark A Chandler's Contact Card & Information.
Phone: 212.678.5644
Org Code: 611
Mail Code 611
New York, NY 10025

Brief Bio

Dr. Mark Chandler is a climate scientist at Columbia University in New York City and has worked in NASA’s global climate modeling research group at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA/GISS) since 1987. The main focus of his research is in the use of computer climate models to study Earth’s past climates. He is particularly interested in simulating extreme climates in Earth history and using the findings to help better understand the potential impacts of future climate change and the potential habitability of planets in other solar systems. Dr. Chandler is also the director of the Educational Global Climate Modeling project (EdGCM), an edcuation and outreach program that produces software and materials to make NASA’s global climate models more accessible to educators, students and other researchers.


Associate Research Scientist

Columbia University. Center for Climate Systems Research - NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York

1994 - Present


Science Instructor

American Museum of Natural History - New York

2010 - Present


Honorary Faculty Fellow

Department of Atmospheric & Oceanic Science, University of Wisconsin - Madison

2005 - Present


Honorary Faculty Fellow

Department of Atmospheric & Oceanic Science, University of Wisconsin - Madison

1995 - 2000


Adjunct Associate Research Scientist

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University - New York

1993 - 1995


Postdoctoral Fellow

NOAA & University Corporation for Atmospheric Research - NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York

1991 - 1994


Graduate Research Assistant

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University - New York

1987 - 1992


Graduate Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant

Departments of Geological Sciences and of Petroleum Engineering, University of Texas - Austin

1984 - 1987


Teaching Experience

 I have taught over a hundred professional development workshops since 2003 as part of the Educational Global Climate Modeling project. I have also co-taught a 6-week on-line course on Climate Change for the American Museum of Natural History approximately 6 times a year since 2011.


  • 1983, B.S., University of Wisconsin-Madison, Geology & Geophysics
  • 1986, M.S., University of Texas-Austin, Geoscience
  • 1992, Ph.D., Columbia University in New York, Geological Sciences (Atmospheric Science)

Professional Societies

Geological Society of America

1985 - Present

American Geophysical Union

1988 - Present

American Meteorological Society

1992 - Present

Professional Service

  • PI, Center for Climate Systems Research, Cooperative Agreement -- The center is a collaborative research effort between Columbia University and NASA-GISS and involves more than 50 scientists, students, and programmers (1994-present).
  • Director, The Educational Global Climate Modeling Project -- The EdGCM project designs, distributes and supports global climate modeling at universities, museums, and through professional development workshops and on-line courses. (1997-present)
  • Advisory Committee: Wisconsin Energy Summit (annually)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, Concorde Consortium, High Adventure Science Project
  • Steering Committee member, NRC Panel on Deep-Time Climate Change (2007-2011)
  • Steering Committee member, NSF Geosystems Initiative (2002-2008)



2014. "Evaluating the dominant components of warming in Pliocene climate simulations." Climate of the Past 10 (1): 79-90 [10.5194/cp-10-79-2014] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Simulations of the mid-Pliocene Warm Period using two versions of the NASA/GISS ModelE2-R Coupled Model." Geosci. Model Dev. 6 (2): 517-531 [10.5194/gmd-6-517-2013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Sea Surface Temperature of the mid-Piacenzian Ocean: A Data-Model Comparison." Sci. Rep. 3 [10.1038/srep02013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Large-scale features of Pliocene climate: results from the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project." Climate of the Past 9 (1): 191-209 [10.5194/cp-9-191-2013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Challenges in quantifying Pliocene terrestrial warming revealed by data–model discord." Nature Climate change 3 (11): 969-974 [10.1038/nclimate2008] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Mid-Pliocene East Asian monsoon climate simulated in the PlioMIP." Climate of the Past 9 (5): 2085-2099 [10.5194/cp-9-2085-2013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Mid-pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation not unlike modern." Climate of the Past 9 (4): 1495-1504 [10.5194/cp-9-1495-2013] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Assessing confidence in Pliocene sea surface temperatures to evaluate predictive models." Nature Clim Change 2 (5): 365-371 [10.1038/nclimate1455] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Teleconnections in a warmer climate: the pliocene perspective." Clim Dyn 37 (9-10): 1869-1887 [10.1007/s00382-010-0976-y] [Journal Article/Letter]

2011. "Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP): experimental design and boundary conditions (Experiment 2)." Geosci. Model Dev. 4 (3): 571-577 [10.5194/gmd-4-571-2011] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "The PRISM3D paleoenvironmental reconstruction." Stratigraphy 7 123-139 [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP): experimental design and boundary conditions (Experiment 1)." Geosci. Model Dev. 3 (1): 227-242 [10.5194/gmd-3-227-2010] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Surface temperatures of the Mid-Pliocene North Atlantic Ocean: implications for future climate." Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 367 (1886): 69-84 [10.1098/rsta.2008.0213] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Impact of a permanent El Niño (El Padre) and Indian Ocean Dipole in warm Pliocene climates." Paleoceanography 24 (2): PA2221 [10.1029/2008PA001682] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions produced by the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models." Global and Planetary Change 66 (3-4): 208-224 [10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.014] [Journal Article/Letter]

2009. "Mid-Pliocene sea level and continental ice volume based on coupled benthic Mg/Ca palaeotemperatures and oxygen isotopes." Phil. Tran.s R. Soc. A 367 (1886): 157-168 [10.1098/rsta.2008.0222] [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Pliocene role in assessing future climate impacts." Eos Trans Amer Geophys U 89 501-502. [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7 (9): 2287-2312 [10.5194/acp-7-2287-2007] [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Climate simulations for 1880–2003 with GISS modelE." Clim Dyn 29 (7-8): 661-696 [10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Efficacy of climate forcings." J. Geophys. Res. 110 (D18): D18104 [10.1029/2005JD005776] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Mid-Pliocene deep-sea bottom-water temperatures based on ostracode Mg/Ca ratios." Marine Micropaleontology 54 (3-4): 249-261 [10.1016/j.marmicro.2004.12.003] [Journal Article/Letter]

2005. "Middle Pliocene sea surface temperature variability." Paleoceanography 20 (2): PA2014 [10.1029/2005PA001133] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Climate change and the middle atmosphere: 5. Paleostratosphere in cold and warm climates." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D17): 20195-20212 [10.1029/2000JD900548] [Journal Article/Letter]

2001. "Climate response to basin-specific changes in latitudinal temperature gradients and implications for sea ice variability." J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D17): 20161-20173 [10.1029/2000JD900643] [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "AGCM hindcasts with SST and other forcings: Responses from global to agricultural scales." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D15): 20025-20053 [10.1029/2000JD900019] [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "GCM hindcasts of SST forced climate variability over agriculturally intensive regions." Climatic Change 45 (2): 279-322 [10.1023/A:1005571213805] [Journal Article/Letter]

2000. "Climate forcings and the initiation of low-latitude ice sheets during the Neoproterozoic Varanger glacial interval." J. Geophys. Res. 105 (D16): 20737-20756 [10.1029/2000JD900221] [Journal Article/Letter]

1996. "Implications for the creation of warm saline deep water: Late Paleocene reconstructions and global climte model simulations." Geol Soc Amer Bull 100 270-284 [Journal Article/Letter]

1996. "Trees retreat and ice advances." Nature 381 (6582): 477-478 [10.1038/381477a0] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Simulating past climates. The data—model connection." Global and Planetary Change 9 (3-4): 165-167 [10.1016/0921-8181(94)90014-0] [Journal Article/Letter]

1994. "Joint investigations of the middle Pliocene climate II: GISS GCM Northern Hemisphere results." Global and Planetary Change 9 (3-4): 197-219 [10.1016/0921-8181(94)90016-7] [Journal Article/Letter]

1993. "Not just a lot of hot air." Nature 363 (6431): 673-674 [10.1038/363673a0] [Journal Article/Letter]

1992. "Permeability transects of eolian sands and their use in generating random permeability fields." SPE Formation Eval 7 7-16 [Journal Article/Letter]

1992. "Pangaean climate during the Early Jurassic: GCM simulations and the sedimentary record of paleoclimate:." Geol Soc Amer Bull 104 543-559 [Journal Article/Letter]

1991. "Increased ocean heat transports and warmer climate." J Geophys Res 96 (D4): 7437-7461 [10.1029/91JD00009] [Journal Article/Letter]


2009. "PRISM3/GISS Topographic Reconstruction." USGS Data Series 419 [Report]