Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Kristi R Arsenault


Kristi R Arsenault's Contact Card & Information.
Org Code: 617
Mail Code 617
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Employer: Science Application International Corp.

Brief Bio

Kristi Arsenault received her B.Sc. in geography from Arizona State University, a M.Sc. in atmospheric sciences from The Ohio State University, and her Ph.D. in climate dynamics from George Mason University. She is a research scientist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GFSC) in the Hydrological Sciences Laboratory and works for SAIC, Inc. Her research has included assimilating remotely sensed snow observations in to land surface models to seasonal climate forecasting in Africa and the Middle East. Kristi is also a core member of the Land Information Systems (LIS) team at NASA/GSFC and works on assimilating different satellite observations, such as terrestrial water storage and soil moisture, to improve forecast initial conditions.

Selected Publications


2020. "Irrigation water demand sensitivity to climate variability across the Contiguous United States." Water Resources Research 57 (3): [10.1029/2020wr027738] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Developing a hydrological monitoring and sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasting system for South and Southeast Asian river basins." [10.5194/hess-2020-362] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Improving early warning of drought-driven food insecurity in Southern Africa using operational hydrological monitoring and forecasting products." Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences [10.5194/nhess-20-1187-2020] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "The NASA hydrological forecast system for food and water security applications." Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. early online release [10.1175/bams-d-18-0264.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "Satellite gravimetry improves seasonal streamflow forecast initialization in Africa." Water Resources Research 56 (2): e2019WR026259 [10.1029/2019wr026259] [Journal Article/Letter]

2020. "GRACE improves seasonal groundwater forecast initialization over the United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 21 59-71 [10.1175/jhm-d-19-0096.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Assimilating GRACE Into a Land Surface Model in the Presence of an Irrigation‐Induced Groundwater Trend." Water Resources Research 2019WR025363 [10.1029/2019wr025363] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "NCA-LDAS: Overview and analysis of hydrologic trends for the National Climate Assessment." J. Hydrometeor. 20 1595-1617 [10.1175/JHM-D-17-0234.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Improving Surface Soil Moisture Estimates in West Africa through GRACE Data Assimilation." Journal of Hydrology [10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.05.042] [Journal Article/Letter]

2019. "Uncertainties in Evapotranspiration Estimates over West Africa." Remote Sensing 11 (8): 892 [10.3390/rs11080892] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "The Land surface Data Toolkit (LDT v7.2) – a data fusion environment for land data assimilation systems." Geosci. Model Dev. 11 (9): 3605-3621 [10.5194/gmd-11-3605-2018] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Parameter Sensitivity of the Noah-MP Land Surface Model with Dynamic Vegetation." Journal of Hydrometeorology JHM-D-17-0205.1 [10.1175/jhm-d-17-0205.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Upper Blue Nile Basin Water Budget from a Multi-Model Perspective." Journal of Hydrology [10.1016/j.jhydrol.2017.10.040] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "A land data assimilation system for sub-Saharan Africa food and water security applications." Scientific Data 4 170012 [10.1038/sdata.2017.12] [Journal Article/Letter]

2016. "Assimilation of gridded GRACE terrestrial water storage estimates in the North American Land Data Assimilation System." J. Hydrometeor. 17 (7): 1951-1972 [10.1175/jhm-d-15-0157.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Quantifying the added value of snow cover area observations in passive microwave snow depth data assimilation." J. Hydrometeor. 16 (4): 1736-1741 [10.1175/JHM-D-15-0021.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Blending satellite-based snow depth products with in situ observations for streamflow predictions in the Upper Colorado River Basin." Water Resour. Res. 51 (2): 1182-1202 [10.1002/2014WR016606] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Assimilation of passive microwave-based soil moisture and snow depth retrievals for drought estimation." J. Hydrometeor. 15 (6): 2446-2469 [10.1175/JHM-D-13-0132.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Evaluation of the MODIS snow cover fraction product." Hydrol. Process. 28 (3): 980–998 [10.1002/hyp.9636] [Journal Article/Letter]

2013. "Impacts of snow cover fraction data assimilation on modeled energy and moisture budgets." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (14): 7489–7504 [10.1002/jgrd.50542] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Multiscale assimilation of Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer–EOS snow water equivalent and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer snow cover fraction observations in northern Colorado." Water Resour. Res. 48 (1): W01522 [10.1029/2011WR010588] [Journal Article/Letter]

2010. "Satellite-Scale Snow Water Equivalent Assimilation into a High-Resolution Land Surface Model." J. Hydrometeor 11 (2): 352-369 [10.1175/2009JHM1192.1] [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "The Global Land Data Assimilation System." BAMS 381-394 [Journal Article/Letter]

2003. "Incorporating the Land Data Assimilation System into Water Resource Management and Decision Support Systems." EOM 12 (2): 24-27 [Journal Article/Letter]


2019 Hydrosphere, Biosphere and Geophysics (HBG) Sciences Annual Award for Scientific Achievement.

2018 Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Annual Award for Scientific and Technical Support.

2015 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Award for Outstanding Publication for the paper: “High resolution coupled climate-runoff simulations of seasonal snowfall over Colorado: A process study of current and warmer climate”, Rasmussen et al., 2011, in the Journal of Climate.

2013 Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Annual Award for Scientific and Technical Support.

2012 Hydrospheric and Biospheric Sciences Annual Award for Scientific and Technical Support.

2004 Year 2003 Peer Award for Outstanding Contractor Support from the Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes

1998 The AMS Global Climate Change Studies Travel Grant for 78th Annual AMS National Meeting

1997-1998 Ohio State University Fellowship recipient

1997 Graduated from Arizona State University from the Honors College and summa cum laude.

1995-1997 NASA Undergraduate Grant recipient

1996 Award for Excellence of Scholarship from the National Council for Geographic Education

1995 Ray Henkel Outstanding Geography Undergraduate Scholarship, Arizona State University

1993-1997 Student Regents Scholarship at Arizona State University


Professional Societies

American Meteorological Society

2000 - Present

American Geophysical Union

2001 - Present