Sciences and Exploration Directorate

Brian L Markham


Brian L Markham's Contact Card & Information.
Org Code: 618
Mail Code 618
Greenbelt, MD 20771
Employer: EMERITUS

Missions & Projects

Brief Bio


PRESENT POSITION: Emeritus Physical Scientist

ADDRESS: Biospheric Sciences Laboratory

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Code 618

Greenbelt, MD 20771

Phone: 301-614-6608

FAX: 301-614-6695


EDUCATION: 1976 - B.S. Agriculture, Specialization in Natural

Resources, Cornell University

1978 - M.S. Civil Engineering, Specialization in Air Photo-interpretation/ Remote Sensing,

Cornell University

1996 - M.S. Applied Physics, Optics Concentration

Johns Hopkins University


Satellite/Aircraft Sensor Radiometric Calibration and Characterization

Atmospheric Optical Characterization and Surface Reflective Retrieval


2015-2021 Calibration/Validation Manager, Landsat-9, NASA/GSFC

2005–2021 Calibration/Validation Manager, Landsat Data Continuity Mission, NASA/GSFC

1993–2021 Landsat Calibration Scientist, NASA/GSFC

1978–2021 Physical Scientist, Biospheric Sciences Branch (now Laboratory), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Conducted research on the radiometric properties of remote sensing systems and characterized atmospheric aerosol properties for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed data.

1977–1978 Research Specialist, Civil Engineering School, Cornell University, Conducted remote sensing demonstration projects for state and local government organizations.

1976 –1977 Graduate Assistant, Civil Engineering School, Cornell University

Assisted in teaching aerial photographic interpretation course.


2015-2021 Calibration/Validation Manager, Landsat-9, NASA/GSFC

2005-2013 Calibration/Validation Manager, Landsat Data Continuity Mission, NASA/GSFC

2001-2004 P.I., Landsat Radiometric Calibration: Towards a 20-Year Record of Calibrated Thematic Mapper Class Data for Carbon Cycle Studies, NASA Headquarters, Land Cover Land Use Change Program

1993-1997 P.I., Characterization of Atmospheric Optical Properties for BOREAS, NASA Headquarters, Ecosystem Dynamics and Biogeochemical Cycling Branch, Terrestrial Ecology Program.

1993-1997 Calibration Scientist, BOREAS, BOREAS Project Office, NASA/GSFC

1993-present Calibration Scientist, Landsat Project Science Office, NASA/GSFC

1986-1990 Calibration Scientist, First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE), FIFE project office, NASA/GSFC


2014 - Guest Editor for Landsat-8 Characterization and Calibration Special Issue of Remote Sensing

2003 – 2004 Guest Editor for Landsat Performance

Characterization, Special Issue of IEEE

Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

1997 – 2000 Associate Editor for Calibration/Validation,

Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing

1984 – 1985 Guest Editor for Landsat Image Data Quality Analysis, Special Issue of Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing


Journals: Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing of Environment, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing

Proposals: NASA Terrestrial Ecosystems Program, NASA EOS Interdisciplinary Science


NASA Working Groups: Landsat Data Gap Study Team (LDGST) Data Characterization

Working Group (DCWG) 2005-2006

Landsat TM Calibration Working Group (LTMCALWG) 2001-2021

Surface Processes Airborne Research Mission Operations Working

Group (SPARMOWG) 1991-1994

Other Working Groups Landsat Technical Working Group (LTWG) 2004-2021

CEOS/Working Group on Calibration and Validation (WGCV) 2007

Other: MISR Radiometric Calibration Review Group Chair 2002


Consultant to SEB:

Operational Land Imager Procurement and Protest (2007)

Landsat Data Continuity Mission Implementation Phase (2003)

Landsat Data Continuity Mission Formulation Phase (2001)

Procurement Document Author/Co-Author:

Operational Land Imager-2 Requirements Document (2015)

Operational Land Imager-2 Special Calibration Test Requirements (2015)

Operational Land Imager Requirements Document (2007)

Operational Land Imager Special Calibration Test Requirements (2007)

Landsat Data Continuity Mission Implementation Phase Data Specification (2003)

Landsat Data Continuity Mission Implementation Phase Cal/Val Requirements (2003)

Landsat Data Continuity Mission Formulation Phase Data Specification (2001)


Mentor for summer high school student (2006)

Mentor for 2000 Summer Institute in Engineering and Computer Applications (SIECA) Program


2019 NASA Exceptional Service Medal

2019 NASA Silver Achievement Medal - Group (Landsat 9 GLAMR Team)

2019 Career Achievement HBG Peer Award

2015-- Performance Award

2014 – NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal

2014 -- RHG Exceptional Achievement Award for Science Team Award (Landsat Calibration/Valdiation Team)

2014 – RHG Exceptional Achievement Award for Engineering Team Award (LDCM Observatory Team)

2013 – GSFC Performance Award

2012 – GSFC Performance Award

2011 – GSFC Performance Award

2010 – GSFC Performance Award

2009 – GSFC Performance Award

2008 – Center Directors Team Recognition Award (TIRS Instrument Capture Team)

2008 – GSFC Performance Award

2007 – Space Act Award (ALIAS software release)

2006 – GSFC Performance Award

2006 – GSFC LDCM Project Time Off Award

2005 – GSFC Special Act Award

2004/2005 – USGS EROS Group Achievement Award (ALIAS Team)

2003 – GSFC Group Achievement Award (LDCM Procurement Team)

2002 – NASA Group Achievement Award (NMP EO-1 Project Team)

2001 – GSFC Special Act Award

2000 – GSFC Performance Award

1999 – NASA Group Achievement Award (Landsat Government Industry Team)

1999 – GSFC Group Achievement Award (Landsat Science)

1997 - GSFC Performance Award

1997 - GSFC Landsat-7 Project Time-Off Award

1996 - GSFC Quality Increase Award

1995 - NASA Group Achievement Award (BOREAS Science)

1993 - GSFC Exceptional Achievement Award

1990 - NASA Group Achievement Award (FIFE Science)

1987 - GSFC Performance Award

1986 - ASPRS Presidential Citation for Meritorious Service

1985 - NASA Group Achievement Award (TM analyses)

1981 - William A. Fischer/ERIM Award

Selected Publications


2020. "Landsat 9: Empowering open science and applications through continuity." Remote Sensing of Environment 248 111968 [10.1016/j.rse.2020.111968] [Journal Article/Letter]

2018. "Observations and Recommendations for the Calibration of Landsat 8 OLI and Sentinel 2 MSI for Improved Data Interoperability." Remote Sensing 10 (9): 1340 [10.3390/rs10091340] [Journal Article/Letter]

2017. "Landsat Program." Comprehensive Remote Sensing 1 27–90 [Book]

2017. "Landsat 8 remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) products: Evaluations, intercomparisons, and enhancements." Remote Sensing of Environment 190 289-301 [10.1016/j.rse.2016.12.030] [Journal Article/Letter]

2015. "Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) Radiometric Performance On-Orbit." Remote Sensing 7 (2): 2208-2237 [10.3390/rs70202208] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager Radiometric Calibration and Stability." Remote Sens. 6 (12): 12,275-12,308 [10.3390/rs61212275] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "On-Orbit Radiometric Performance of the Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared Sensor." Remote Sensing 6 (12): 11753-11769 [doi:10.3390/rs61211753] [Journal Article/Letter]

2014. "The Spectral Response of the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager." Remote Sensing 6 (10): 10232-10251 [10.3390/rs61010232] [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Thermal Infrared Radiometric Calibration of the Entire Landsat 4, 5, and 7 Archive (1982-2010)." Remote Sensing of Environment [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 years On-Orbit Reflective-Band Radiometric Performance." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50 (5): 2056-2062 [Journal Article/Letter]

2012. "Forty-year calibrated record of earth-reflected radiance from Landsat: A review. ." Remote Sensing of Environment 122 30-40 [Journal Article/Letter]

2008. "Updated radiometric calibration for the Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper reflective bands." IEEE Transactions On Geosciences and Remote Sensing 46 3309-3325 [Journal Article/Letter]

2007. "Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Thermal Band Calibration Update." IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens 4 (4): 552-555 [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Landsat cross-calibration based on near simultaneous imaging of common ground targets." Remote Sens Environ 102 264-270 [Journal Article/Letter]

2006. "Landsat-7 Long-Term Acquisition Plan Radiometry - Evolution Over Time." Photogramm Eng Remote Sens 72 (10): 1129-1135 [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "Landsat-7 ETM+ On-Orbit Reflective-Band radiometric characterization." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 42 (12): 2796-2809 [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "In-flight validation and recovery of water surface temperature with Landsat-5 thermal infrared data using an automated high-altitude lake validation site at Lake Tahoe." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 42 (12): 2767-2776 [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "Landsat-7 ETM+ On-orbit reflective-band radiometric stability and absolute calibration." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 42 (12): 2767-2776 [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "A definitive calibration record for the Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper anchored to the Landsat-7 radiometric scale." Canadian Journal of Rem. Sensing 30 (4): 631-643 [10.5589/m04-022] [Journal Article/Letter]

2004. "Landsat-5 TM reflective band absolute radiometric calibration." IEEE Transactions On Geoscience and Remote Sensing 42 2747-2760 [Journal Article/Letter]